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Introduction To Modeling In Physiology And Medicine

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Introduction to Modeling in Physiology and Medicine

Introduction to Modeling in Physiology and Medicine Book
Author : Claudio Cobelli,Ewart Carson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-08-01
ISBN : 0128158050
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to Modeling in Physiology and Medicine, Second Edition, develops a clear understanding of the fundamental principles of good modeling methodology. Sections show how to create valid mathematical models that are fit for a range of purposes. These models are supported by detailed explanation, extensive case studies, examples and applications. This updated edition includes clearer guidance on the mathematical prerequisites needed to achieve the maximum benefit from the material, a greater detail regarding basic approaches to modeling, and discussions on non-linear and stochastic modeling. The range of case study material has been substantially extended, with examples drawn from recent research experience. Key examples include a cellular model of insulin secretion and its extension to the whole-body level, a model of insulin action during a meal/oral glucose tolerance test, a large-scale simulation model of type 1 diabetes and its use in in silico clinical trials and drug trials. Covers the underlying principles of good quantitative modeling methodology, with applied biomedical engineering and bioscience examples to ensure relevance to students, current research and clinical practice Includes modeling data, modeling systems, linear and non-linear systems, model identification, parametric and non-parametric models, and model validation Presents clear, step-by-step working plus examples and extensive case studies that relate concepts to real world applications Provides end-of-chapter exercises and assignments to reinforce learning

Introduction to Modeling in Physiology and Medicine

Introduction to Modeling in Physiology and Medicine Book
Author : Claudio Cobelli,Ewart Carson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-02-06
ISBN : 9780080559988
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unified modeling textbook for students of biomedical engineering provides a complete course text on the foundations, theory and practice of modeling and simulation in physiology and medicine. It is dedicated to the needs of biomedical engineering and clinical students, supported by applied BME applications and examples. Developed for biomedical engineering and related courses: speaks to BME students at a level and in a language appropriate to their needs, with an interdisciplinary clinical/engineering approach, quantitative basis, and many applied examples to enhance learning Delivers a quantitative approach to modeling and also covers simulation: the perfect foundation text for studies across BME and medicine Extensive case studies and engineering applications from BME, plus end-of-chapter exercises

Introduction to Modeling in Physiology and Medicine

Introduction to Modeling in Physiology and Medicine Book
Author : Claudio Cobelli,Ewart Carson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2007-12-10
ISBN : 9780121602406
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unified modeling textbook for students of biomedical engineering provides a complete course text on the foundations, theory and practice of modeling and simulation in physiology and medicine. It is dedicated to the needs of biomedical engineering and clinical students, supported by applied BME applications and examples. Developed for biomedical engineering and related courses: speaks to BME students at a level and in a language appropriate to their needs, with an interdisciplinary clinical/engineering approach, quantitative basis, and many applied examples to enhance learning Delivers a quantitative approach to modeling and also covers simulation: the perfect foundation text for studies across BME and medicine Extensive case studies and engineering applications from BME, plus end-of-chapter exercises

Introduction to Modeling in Physiology and Medicine

Introduction to Modeling in Physiology and Medicine Book
Author : Claudio Cobelli,Ewart Carson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2008-02-06
ISBN : 9780080559988
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This unified modeling textbook for students of biomedical engineering provides a complete course text on the foundations, theory and practice of modeling and simulation in physiology and medicine. It is dedicated to the needs of biomedical engineering and clinical students, supported by applied BME applications and examples. Developed for biomedical engineering and related courses: speaks to BME students at a level and in a language appropriate to their needs, with an interdisciplinary clinical/engineering approach, quantitative basis, and many applied examples to enhance learning Delivers a quantitative approach to modeling and also covers simulation: the perfect foundation text for studies across BME and medicine Extensive case studies and engineering applications from BME, plus end-of-chapter exercises

Modelling Methodology for Physiology and Medicine

Modelling Methodology for Physiology and Medicine Book
Author : Ewart Carson,Claudio Cobelli
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 2013-12-01
ISBN : 9780124115576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modelling Methodology for Physiology and Medicine, Second Edition, offers a unique approach and an unprecedented range of coverage of the state-of-the-art, advanced modeling methodology that is widely applicable to physiology and medicine. The second edition, which is completely updated and expanded, opens with a clear and integrated treatment of advanced methodology for developing mathematical models of physiology and medical systems. Readers are then shown how to apply this methodology beneficially to real-world problems in physiology and medicine, such as circulation and respiration. The focus of Modelling Methodology for Physiology and Medicine, Second Edition, is the methodology that underpins good modeling practice. It builds upon the idea of an integrated methodology for the development and testing of mathematical models. It covers many specific areas of methodology in which important advances have taken place over recent years and illustrates the application of good methodological practice in key areas of physiology and medicine. It builds on work that the editors have carried out over the past 30 years, working in cooperation with leading practitioners in the field. Builds upon and enhances the reader's existing knowledge of modeling methodology and practice Editors are internationally renowned leaders in their respective fields Provides an understanding of modeling methodologies that can address real problems in physiology and medicine and achieve results that are beneficial either in advancing research or in providing solutions to clinical problems

Modeling and Simulation in Biomedical Engineering Applications in Cardiorespiratory Physiology

Modeling and Simulation in Biomedical Engineering  Applications in Cardiorespiratory Physiology Book
Author : Willem van Meurs
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release : 2011-08-07
ISBN : 0071714464
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

THEORY AND PRACTICE OF MODELING AND SIMULATING HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY Written by a coinventor of the Human Patient Simulator (HPS) and past president of the Society in Europe for Simulation Applied to Medicine (SESAM), Modeling and Simulation in Biomedical Engineering: Applications in Cardiorespiratory Physiology is a compact and consistent introduction to this expanding field. The book divides the modeling and simulation process into five manageable steps--requirements, conceptual models, mathematical models, software implementation, and simulation results and validation. A framework and a basic set of deterministic, continuous-time models for the cardiorespiratory system are provided. This timely resource also addresses advanced topics, including sensitivity analysis and setting model requirements as part of an encompassing simulation and simulator design. Practical examples provide you with the skills to evaluate and adapt existing physiologic models or create new ones for specific applications. Coverage includes: Signals and systems Model requirements Conceptual models Mathematical models Software implementation Simulation results and model validation Cardiorespiratory system model Circulation Respiration Physiologic control Sensitivity analysis of a cardiovascular model Design of model-driven acute care training simulators “Uniquely qualified to author such a text, van Meurs is one of the original developers of CAE Healthcare’s Human Patient Simulator (HPS). ...His understanding of mathematics, human physiology, pharmacology, control systems, and systems engineering, combined with a conversational writing style, results in a readable text. ...The ample illustrations and tables also break up the text and make reading the book easier on the eyes. ...concise yet in conversational style, with real-life examples. This book is highly recommended for coursework in physiologic modeling and for all who are interested in simulator design and development. The book pulls all these topics together under one cover and is an important contribution to biomedical literature.” --IEEE Pulse, January 2014 “This book is written by a professional engineer who is unique in that he seems to have a natural understanding of 3 key areas as follows: the hardware involved with simulators, human physiology, and mathematical modeling. Willem van Meurs is one of the inventors of the model-driven human patient simulator (HPS), and so, he is very qualified to write this book. The book is written in a clear way, using the first person throughout, in a conversational manner, with a style that involves posing questions and answering them in subsequent text. ...The book starts with a very useful introduction and background chapter, setting out the scene for the rest of the book. ...I have used his book in enhancing my own talks and understanding human patient simulation and can strongly recommend it.” --Simulation in Healthcare December, 2012 Reviewed by Mark A. Tooley, Ph.D., Department of Medical Physics and Bioengineering, Royal United Hospital, Combe Park, Bath, UK.

An Introduction to Mathematical Modeling in Physiology Cell Biology and Immunology

An Introduction to Mathematical Modeling in Physiology  Cell Biology  and Immunology Book
Author : James Sneyd
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0821828169
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In many respects, biology is the new frontier for applied mathematicians. This book demonstrates the important role mathematics plays in the study of some biological problems. It introduces mathematicians to the biological sciences and provides enough mathematics for bioscientists to appreciate the utility of the modelling approach. The book presents a number of diverse topics, such as neurophysiology, cell biology, immunology, and human genetics. It examines how research is done, what mathematics is used, what the outstanding questions are, and how to enter the field. Also given is a brief historical survey of each topic, putting current research into perspective. The book is suitable for mathematicians and biologists interested in mathematical methods in biology.

Mathematical Modelling of Haemodialysis

Mathematical Modelling of Haemodialysis Book
Author : Leszek Pstras,Jacek Waniewski
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-03
ISBN : 3030214109
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Beginning with an introduction to kidney function, renal replacement therapies, and an overview of clinical problems associated with haemodialysis, this book explores the principles of the short-term baroreflex regulation of the cardiovascular system and the mechanisms of water and solute transport across the human body from a mathematical model perspective. It synthesizes theoretical physiological concepts and practical aspects of mathematical modelling needed for simulation and quantitative analysis of the haemodynamic response to dialysis therapy. Including an up-to-date review of the literature concerning the modelled physiological mechanisms and processes, the book serves both as an overview of transport and regulatory mechanisms related to the cardiovascular system and body fluids and as a useful reference for the study and development of mathematical models of dynamic physiological processes. Mathematical Modelling of Haemodialysis: Cardiovascular Response, Body Fluid Shifts, and Solute Kinetics is intended for researchers and graduate students in biomedical engineering, physiology, or medicine interested in mathematical modelling of cardiovascular dynamics and fluid and solute transport across the human body, both under physiological conditions and during haemodialysis therapy.

Modelling Methodology for Physiology and Medicine

Modelling Methodology for Physiology and Medicine Book
Author : Ewart Carson,Claudio Cobelli
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-12-05
ISBN : 0124095259
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modelling Methodology for Physiology and Medicine, Second Edition, offers a unique approach and an unprecedented range of coverage of the state-of-the-art, advanced modeling methodology that is widely applicable to physiology and medicine. The second edition, which is completely updated and expanded, opens with a clear and integrated treatment of advanced methodology for developing mathematical models of physiology and medical systems. Readers are then shown how to apply this methodology beneficially to real-world problems in physiology and medicine, such as circulation and respiration. The focus of Modelling Methodology for Physiology and Medicine, Second Edition, is the methodology that underpins good modeling practice. It builds upon the idea of an integrated methodology for the development and testing of mathematical models. It covers many specific areas of methodology in which important advances have taken place over recent years and illustrates the application of good methodological practice in key areas of physiology and medicine. It builds on work that the editors have carried out over the past 30 years, working in cooperation with leading practitioners in the field. Builds upon and enhances the reader's existing knowledge of modeling methodology and practice Editors are internationally renowned leaders in their respective fields Provides an understanding of modeling methodologies that can address real problems in physiology and medicine and achieve results that are beneficial either in advancing research or in providing solutions to clinical problems

Modeling and Simulation in Medicine and the Life Sciences

Modeling and Simulation in Medicine and the Life Sciences Book
Author : Frank C. Hoppensteadt,Charles S. Peskin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 0387215719
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The result of lectures given by the authors at New York University, the University of Utah, and Michigan State University, the material is written for students who have had only one term of calculus, but it contains material that can be used in modeling courses in applied mathematics at all levels through early graduate courses. Numerous exercises are given as well as solutions to selected exercises, so as to lead readers to discover interesting extensions of that material. Throughout, illustrations depict physiological processes, population biology phenomena, corresponding models, and the results of computer simulations. Topics covered range from population phenomena to demographics, genetics, epidemics and dispersal; in physiological processes, including the circulation, gas exchange in the lungs, control of cell volume, the renal counter-current multiplier mechanism, and muscle mechanics; to mechanisms of neural control. Each chapter is graded in difficulty, so a reading of the first parts of each provides an elementary introduction to the processes and their models.

Harnessing Biological Complexity

Harnessing Biological Complexity Book
Author : Taishin Nomura,Yoshiyuki Asai
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-12-13
ISBN : 9784431538806
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The challenge for the biosciences in the twenty-first century is to integrate genome sequencing information into a better understanding of biology, physiology, and human pathology. Such attempts at integration are moving the world toward a new generation of bioscience and bioengineering, where biological, physiological, and pathological information from humans and other living animals can be quantitatively described in silico across multiple scales of time and size and through diverse hierarchies of organization — from molecules to cells and organs, to individuals. To "harness" such complexity, international communities of integrative bioscientists and bioengineers aim to establish frameworks and information infrastructures for describing biological structures and physiological functions on multiple scales of time and space. This textbook includes a public platform to describe physiological functions using mathematical equations and guides the reader to perform mathematical modeling and computer simulations, to combine existing models as well as to create new models. Accessible to biologists, physiologists, and students of the sciences, with illustrative details provided when necessary, this book seeks to achieve a systematic way of harnessing biological complexity. Sharing the databases among communities worldwide will help to find comprehensive answers to all the important questions.

Physiology for Engineers

Physiology for Engineers Book
Author : Michael Chappell,Stephen Payne
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-11-27
ISBN : 3319261975
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an introduction to qualitative and quantitative aspects of human physiology. It looks at biological and physiological processes and phenomena, including a selection of mathematical models, showing how physiological problems can be mathematically formulated and studied. It also illustrates how a wide range of engineering and physics topics, including electronics, fluid dynamics, solid mechanics and control theory can be used to describe and understand physiological processes and systems. Throughout the text there are introductions to measuring and quantifying physiological processes using both signal and imaging technologies. Physiology for Engineers describes the basic structure and models of cellular systems, the structure and function of the cardiovascular system, the electrical and mechanical activity of the heart and provides an overview of the structure and function of the respiratory and nervous systems. It also includes an introduction to the basic concepts and applications of reaction kinetics, pharmacokinetic modelling and tracer kinetics. It is of interest to final year biomedical engineering undergraduates and graduate students alike, as well as to practising engineers new to the fields of bioengineering or medical physics.

Introduction to Computational Cardiology

Introduction to Computational Cardiology Book
Author : Boris Ja. Kogan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-12-09
ISBN : 0387766863
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to Computational Cardiology provides a comprehensive, in-depth treatment of the fundamental concepts and research challenges involved in the mathematical modeling and computer simulation of dynamical processes in the heart, under normal and pathological conditions. About this textbook: - Presents descriptions of models used in both biology and medicine for discovering the mechanisms of heart function and dysfunction on several physiological scales across different species. - Provides several examples throughout the textbook and exercises at the end which facilitate understanding of basic concepts and introduces, for implementation, treated problems to parallel supercomputers. Introduction to Computational Cardiology serves as a secondary textbook or reference book for advanced-level students in computer science, electrical engineering, biomedical engineering, and cardiac electrophysiology. It is also suitable for researchers employing mathematical modeling and computer simulations of biomedical problems.

Mathematical Physiology

Mathematical Physiology Book
Author : James Keener,James Sneyd
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-04-18
ISBN : 0387227067
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Divided into two parts, the book begins with a pedagogical presentation of some of the basic theory, with chapters on biochemical reactions, diffusion, excitability, wave propagation and cellular homeostasis. The second, more extensive part discusses particular physiological systems, with chapters on calcium dynamics, bursting oscillations and secretion, cardiac cells, muscles, intercellular communication, the circulatory system, the immune system, wound healing, the respiratory system, the visual system, hormone physiology, renal physiology, digestion, the visual system and hearing.

An Introduction to Mathematical Modeling in Physiology Cell Biology and Immunology

An Introduction to Mathematical Modeling in Physiology  Cell Biology  and Immunology Book
Author : James Sneyd,American Mathematical Society
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2021-09-21
ISBN : 9780821867648
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In many respects, biology is the new frontier for applied mathematicians. This book demonstrates the important role mathematics plays in the study of some biological problems. It introduces mathematicians to the biological sciences and provides enough mathematics for bioscientists to appreciate the utility of the modelling approach. The book presents a number of diverse topics, such as neurophysiology, cell biology, immunology, and human genetics. It examines how research is done,what mathematics is used, what the outstanding questions are, and how to enter the field. Also given is a brief historical survey of each topic, putting current research into perspective. The book is suitable for mathematicians and biologists interested in mathematical methods in biology.

Mathematics in Medicine and the Life Sciences

Mathematics in Medicine and the Life Sciences Book
Author : Frank C. Hoppensteadt,Charles S. Peskin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 1475741316
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of this book is to introduce the subject of mathematical modeling in the life sciences. It is intended for students of mathematics, the physical sciences, and engineering who are curious about biology. Additionally, it will be useful to students of the life sciences and medicine who are unsatisfied with mere description and who seek an understanding of biological mechanism and dynamics through the use of mathematics. The book will be particularly useful to premedical students, because it will introduce them not only to a collection of mathematical methods but also to an assortment of phenomena involving genetics, epidemics, and the physiology of the heart, lung, and kidney. Because of its introductory character, mathematical prerequisites are kept to a minimum; they involve only what is usually covered in the first semester of a calculus sequence. The authors have drawn on their extensive experience as modelers to select examples which are simple enough to be understood at this elementary level and yet realistic enough to capture the essence of significant biological phenomena drawn from the areas of population dynamics and physiology. Because the models presented are realistic, the book can serve not only as an introduction to mathematical methods but also as a mathematical introduction to the biological material itself. For the student, who enjoys mathematics, such an introduction will be far more stimulating and satisfying than the purely descriptive approach that is traditional in the biological sciences.

An Introduction to Modeling of Transport Processes

An Introduction to Modeling of Transport Processes Book
Author : Ashim Datta,Vineet Rakesh
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0521119243
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Organised around problem solving, this book introduces the reader to computational simulation, bridging fundamental theory with real-world applications.

An Introduction to Mathematical Physiology and Biology

An Introduction to Mathematical Physiology and Biology Book
Author : J. Mazumdar
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1989-02-24
ISBN : 9780521370028
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download An Introduction to Mathematical Physiology and Biology book written by J. Mazumdar, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Bioengineering Approaches to Pulmonary Physiology and Medicine

Bioengineering Approaches to Pulmonary Physiology and Medicine Book
Author : M.C.K. Khoo
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1996-07-31
ISBN : 9780306453700
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the current millennium steams towards a close, one cannot help but look with amazement at the incredible amount of progress that has been achieved in medicine in just the last few decades. A key contributing factor to this success has been the importation and blending of ideas and techniques from disciplines outside the traditional borders of medical science. In recent years, the most well-known example is the cross-pollination between molecular biology and medicine. Advances driven by this potent combination have spawned the vision of a future where cures based on gene therapy become commonplace. Yet, as we continue our search for "magic bullets" in the quest to eradicate disease, it important to recognize the value of other less-heralded interdisciplinary efforts that have laid a large part of the foundation of present-day medicine. In pulmonary medicine, the contribution from the bioengineers (a diverse collection of individuals cross-bred to various degrees in mathematical modeling and experimental physiology) has been larger and more sustained than in many other medical specialties. It is easy to point to the vast array of ventilators, blood-gas analyzers, oximeters, pulmonary function devices, and respiration monitors that are present in any modern clinical setting as solid evidence of the successful synergy between engineering science and pulmonary medicine. However, one must not forget the less tangible, but perhaps more important, contributions that have been derived from mathematical modeling and computer simulation, without which many of these modern instruments would not have come into existence.

Principles of Medical Imaging for Engineers

Principles of Medical Imaging for Engineers Book
Author : Michael Chappell
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-03
ISBN : 3030305112
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This introduction to medical imaging introduces all of the major medical imaging techniques in wide use in both medical practice and medical research, including Computed Tomography, Ultrasound, Positron Emission Tomography, Single Photon Emission Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Principles of Medical Imaging for Engineers introduces fundamental concepts related to why we image and what we are seeking to achieve to get good images, such as the meaning of ‘contrast’ in the context of medical imaging. This introductory text separates the principles by which ‘signals’ are generated and the subsequent ‘reconstruction’ processes, to help illustrate that these are separate concepts and also highlight areas in which apparently different medical imaging methods share common theoretical principles. Exercises are provided in every chapter, so the student reader can test their knowledge and check against worked solutions and examples. The text considers firstly the underlying physical principles by which information about tissues within the body can be extracted in the form of signals, considering the major principles used: transmission, reflection, emission and resonance. Then, it goes on to explain how these signals can be converted into images, i.e., full 3D volumes, where appropriate showing how common methods of ‘reconstruction’ are shared by some imaging methods despite relying on different physics to generate the ‘signals’. Finally, it examines how medical imaging can be used to generate more than just pictures, but genuine quantitative measurements, and increasingly measurements of physiological processes, at every point within the 3D volume by methods such as the use of tracers and advanced dynamic acquisitions. Principles of Medical Imaging for Engineers will be of use to engineering and physical science students and graduate students with an interest in biomedical engineering, and to their lecturers.