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Introduction To Fracture Mechanics

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Introduction to Fracture Mechanics

Introduction to Fracture Mechanics Book
Author : Robert O. Ritchie,Dong Liu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-27
ISBN : 0323902790
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to Fracture Mechanics presents an introduction to the origins, formulation and application of fracture mechanics for the design, safe operation and life prediction in structural materials and components. The book introduces and informs the reader on how fracture mechanics works and how it is so different from other forms of analysis that are used to characterize mechanical properties. Chapters cover foundational topics and the use of linear-elastic fracture mechanics, involving both K-based characterizing parameter and G-based energy approaches, and how to characterize the fracture toughness of materials under plane-strain and non plane-strain conditions using the notion of crack-resistance or R-curves. Other sections cover far more complex nonlinear-elastic fracture mechanics based on the use of the J-integral and the crack-tip opening displacement. These topics largely involve continuum mechanics descriptions of crack initiation, slow crack growth, eventual instability by overload fracture, and subcritical cracking. Presents how, for a given material, a fracture toughness value can be measured on a small laboratory sample and then used directly to predict the failure (by fracture, fatigue, creep, etc.) of a much larger structure in service Covers the rudiments of fracture mechanics from the perspective of the philosophy underlying the few principles and the many assumptions that form the basis of the discipline Provides readers with a "working knowledge" of fracture mechanics, describing its potency for damage-tolerant design, for preventing failures through appropriate life-prediction strategies, and for quantitative failure analysis (fracture diagnostics)

Introduction to Fracture Mechanics

Introduction to Fracture Mechanics Book
Author : Robert O. Ritchie,Dong Liu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-07-07
ISBN : 032389822X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to Fracture Mechanics presents an introduction to the origins, formulation and application of fracture mechanics for the design, safe operation and life prediction in structural materials and components. The book introduces and informs the reader on how fracture mechanics works and how it is so different from other forms of analysis that are used to characterize mechanical properties. Chapters cover foundational topics and the use of linear-elastic fracture mechanics, involving both K-based characterizing parameter and G-based energy approaches, and how to characterize the fracture toughness of materials under plane-strain and non plane-strain conditions using the notion of crack-resistance or R-curves. Other sections cover far more complex nonlinear-elastic fracture mechanics based on the use of the J-integral and the crack-tip opening displacement. These topics largely involve continuum mechanics descriptions of crack initiation, slow crack growth, eventual instability by overload fracture, and subcritical cracking. Presents how, for a given material, a fracture toughness value can be measured on a small laboratory sample and then used directly to predict the failure (by fracture, fatigue, creep, etc.) of a much larger structure in service Covers the rudiments of fracture mechanics from the perspective of the philosophy underlying the few principles and the many assumptions that form the basis of the discipline Provides readers with a "working knowledge" of fracture mechanics, describing its potency for damage-tolerant design, for preventing failures through appropriate life-prediction strategies, and for quantitative failure analysis (fracture diagnostics)

Fracture Mechanics

Fracture Mechanics Book
Author : E.E. Gdoutos
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-03-30
ISBN : 140203153X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New developments in the applications of fracture mechanics to engineering problems have taken place in the last years. Composite materials have extensively been used in engineering problems. Quasi-brittle materials including concrete, cement pastes, rock, soil, etc. all benefit from these developments. Layered materials and especially thin film/substrate systems are becoming important in small volume systems used in micro and nanoelectromechancial systems (MEMS and NEMS). Nanostructured materials are being introduced in our every day life. In all these problems fracture mechanics plays a major role for the prediction of failure and safe design of materials and structures. These new challenges motivated the author to proceed with the second edition of the book. The second edition of the book contains four new chapters in addition to the ten chapters of the first edition. The fourteen chapters of the book cover the basic principles and traditional applications, as well as the latest developments of fracture mechanics as applied to problems of composite materials, thin films, nanoindentation and cementitious materials. Thus the book provides an introductory coverage of the traditional and contemporary applications of fracture mechanics in problems of utmost technological importance. With the addition of the four new chapters the book presents a comprehensive treatment of fracture mechanics. It includes the basic principles and traditional applications as well as the new frontiers of research of fracture mechanics during the last three decades in topics of contemporary importance, like composites, thin films, nanoindentation and cementitious materials. The book contains fifty example problems and more than two hundred unsolved problems. A "Solutions Manual" is available upon request for course instructors from the author.

Fracture Mechanics of Rock

Fracture Mechanics of Rock Book
Author : Barry Kean Atkinson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-05-11
ISBN : 1483292746
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The analysis of crack problems through fracture mechanics has been applied to the study of materials such as glass, metals and ceramics because relatively simple fracture criteria describe the failure of these materials. The increased attention paid to experimental rock fracture mechanics has led to major contributions to the solving of geophysical problems. The text presents a concise treatment of the physics and mathematics of a representative selection of problems from areas such as earthquake mechanics and prediction, hydraulic fracturing, hot dry rock geothermal energy, fault mechanics, and dynamic fragmentation.

Fracture Mechanics

Fracture Mechanics Book
Author : Dietmar Gross,Thomas Seelig
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-07-03
ISBN : 3642192408
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

- self-contained and well illustrated - complete and comprehensive derivation of mechanical/mathematical results with enphasis on issues of practical importance - combines classical subjects of fracture mechanics with modern topics such as microheterogeneous materials, piezoelectric materials, thin films, damage - mechanically and mathematically clear and complete derivations of results

A Practical Approach to Fracture Mechanics

A Practical Approach to Fracture Mechanics Book
Author : Jorge Luis González-Velázquez
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-02
ISBN : 0128230525
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A Practical Approach to Fracture Mechanics provides a concise overview on the fundamental concepts of fracture mechanics, discussing linear elastic fracture mechanics, fracture toughness, ductile fracture, slow crack propagation, structural integrity, and more. The book outlines analytical and experimental methods for determining the fracture resistance of mechanical and structural components, also demonstrating the use of fracture mechanics in failure analysis, reinforcement of cracked structures, and remaining life estimation. The characteristics of crack propagation induced by fatigue, stress-corrosion, creep, and absorbed hydrogen are also discussed. The book concludes with a chapter on the structural integrity analysis of cracked components alongside a real integrity assessment. This book will be especially useful for students in mechanical, civil, industrial, metallurgical, aeronautical and chemical engineering, and for professional engineers looking for a refresher on core principles. Concisely outlines the underlying fundamentals of fracture mechanics, making physical concepts clear and simple and providing easily-understood applied examples Includes solved problems of the most common calculations, along with step-by-step procedures to perform widely-used methods in fracture mechanics Demonstrates how to determine stress intensity factors and fracture toughness, estimate crack growth rate, calculate failure load, and other methods and techniques

Basic Fracture Mechanics

Basic Fracture Mechanics Book
Author : R N L Smith
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 148310544X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

BASIC Fracture Mechanics: Including an Introduction to Fatigue discusses the fundamentals of fracture and fatigue. The book presents a series of Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code (BASIC) programs that implement fracture and fatigue methods. The first chapter reviews the BASIC, while the second chapter covers elastic fracture. Chapter 3 deals with the stress intensity factors. The book also tackles the crack tip plasticity and covers crack growth. The last chapter in the text discusses some applications in fracture mechanics. The book will be of great use to engineers who want to get acquainted with fracture mechanics.

Mechanics and Mechanisms of Fracture

Mechanics and Mechanisms of Fracture Book
Author : Alan F. Liu
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 2005
ISBN : 1615032525
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Mechanics and Mechanisms of Fracture book written by Alan F. Liu, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Introduction to Fracture Mechanics

Introduction to Fracture Mechanics Book
Author : Kare Hellan
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1985-12-01
ISBN : 9780070663503
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Introduction to Fracture Mechanics book written by Kare Hellan, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fracture Mechanics

Fracture Mechanics Book
Author : Alan T. Zehnder
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-01-03
ISBN : 9400725957
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fracture mechanics is a vast and growing field. This book develops the basic elements needed for both fracture research and engineering practice. The emphasis is on continuum mechanics models for energy flows and crack-tip stress- and deformation fields in elastic and elastic-plastic materials. In addition to a brief discussion of computational fracture methods, the text includes practical sections on fracture criteria, fracture toughness testing, and methods for measuring stress intensity factors and energy release rates. Class-tested at Cornell, this book is designed for students, researchers and practitioners interested in understanding and contributing to a diverse and vital field of knowledge.

Fracture Mechanics and Crack Growth

Fracture Mechanics and Crack Growth Book
Author : Naman Recho
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-12-27
ISBN : 111856328X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents recent advances related to the following two topics: how mechanical fields close to material or geometrical singularities such as cracks can be determined; how failure criteria can be established according to the singularity degrees related to these discontinuities. Concerning the determination of mechanical fields close to a crack tip, the first part of the book presents most of the traditional methods in order to classify them into two major categories. The first is based on the stress field, such as the Airy function, and the second resolves the problem from functions related to displacement fields. Following this, a new method based on the Hamiltonian system is presented in great detail. Local and energetic approaches to fracture are used in order to determine the fracture parameters such as stress intensity factor and energy release rate. The second part of the book describes methodologies to establish the critical fracture loads and the crack growth criteria. Singular fields for homogeneous and non-homogeneous problems near crack tips, v-notches, interfaces, etc. associated with the crack initiation and propagation laws in elastic and elastic-plastic media, allow us to determine the basis of failure criteria. Each phenomenon studied is dealt with according to its conceptual and theoretical modeling, to its use in the criteria of fracture resistance; and finally to its implementation in terms of feasibility and numerical application. Contents 1. Introduction. Part 1: Stress Field Analysis Close to the Crack Tip 2. Review of Continuum Mechanics and the Behavior Laws. 3. Overview of Fracture Mechanics. 4. Fracture Mechanics. 5. Introduction to the Finite Element Analysis of Cracked Structures. Part 2: Crack Growth Criteria 6. Crack Propagation. 7. Crack Growth Prediction in Elements of Steel Structures Submitted to Fatigue. 8. Potential Use of Crack Propagation Laws in Fatigue Life Design.

Fracture Mechanics

Fracture Mechanics Book
Author : Dietmar Gross,Thomas Seelig
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-05-23
ISBN : 3540358498
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

- self-contained and well illustrated - complete and comprehensive derivation of mechanical/mathematical results with enphasis on issues of practical importance - combines classical subjects of fracture mechanics with modern topics such as microheterogeneous materials, piezoelectric materials, thin films, damage - mechanically and mathematically clear and complete derivations of results

Fracture Mechanics

Fracture Mechanics Book
Author : Nestor Perez
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-05-08
ISBN : 1402078617
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fracture Mechanics is a graduate level text/professional reference that describes the analytical methods used to derive stress and strain functions related to fracture mechanics. The focus of the book will be on modeling and problem solving as tools to be used in interpreting the meaning of a mathematical solution for a particular engineering problem or situation. Once this is accomplished, the reader should be able to think mathematically, foresee metallurgically the significance of microstructural parameters on properties, analyze the mechanical behavior of materials, and recognize realistically how dangerous a crack is in a stressed structure, which may fail catastrophically. This book differs from others in that the subject matter is organized around the modeling and predicating approaches that are used to explain the detrimental effects of crack growth events. Thus, this book will take a more practical approach and make it especially useful as a basic reference for professional engineers.

Fracture Mechanics

Fracture Mechanics Book
Author : Chin-Teh Sun,Zhihe Jin
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2011-10-14
ISBN : 0123850010
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most design engineers are tasked to design against failure, and one of the biggest causes of product failure is failure of the material due to fatigue/fracture. From leading experts in fracture mechanics, this new text provides new approaches and new applications to advance the understanding of crack initiation and propagation. With applications in composite materials, layered structures, and microelectronic packaging, among others, this timely coverage is an important resource for anyone studying or applying concepts of fracture mechanics. Concise and easily understood mathematical treatment of crack tip fields (chapter 3) provides the basis for applying fracture mechanics in solving practical problems. Unique coverage of bi-material interfacial cracks (chapter 8), with applications to commercially important areas of composite materials, layered structures, and microelectronic packaging. A full chapter (chapter 9) on the cohesive zone model approach, which has been extensively used in recent years to simulate crack propagation. A unified discussion of fracture criteria involving nonlinear/plastic deformations

The Practical Use of Fracture Mechanics

The Practical Use of Fracture Mechanics Book
Author : D. Broek
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400925581
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is about the use of fracture mechanics for the solution of practical problems; academic rigor is not at issue and dealt with only in as far as it improves insight and understanding; it often concerns secondary errors in engineering. Knowledge of (ignorance of) such basic input as loads and stresses in practical cases may cause errors far overshadowing those introduced by shortcomings of fracture mechanics and necessary approximations; this is amply demonstrated in the text. I have presented more than three dozen 40-hour courses on fracture mechanics and damage tolerance analysis, so that I have probably more experience in teaching the subject than anyone else. I learned more than the students, and became cognizant of difficulties and of the real concerns in applications. In particular I found, how a subject should be explained to appeal to the practicing engineer to demonstrate that his practical problem can indeed be solved with engineering methods. This experience is reflected in the presenta tions in this book. Sufficient background is provided for an understanding of the issues, but pragamatism prevails. Mathematics cannot be avoided, but they are presented in a way that appeals to insight and intuition, in lieu of formal derivations which would show but the mathematical skill of the writer.

Fracture Mechanics

Fracture Mechanics Book
Author : Michael Janssen,Jan Zuidema,Russell Wanhill
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-08-02
ISBN : 1482265583
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the first edition published in 1991, this has been one of the top-selling books in the field. The first and second editions have been used as a required text in over 100 universities worldwide and have become indispensable reference for thousands of practising engineers as well. The third edition reflects recent advances in the field, althoug

Fracture Mechanics

Fracture Mechanics Book
Author : Surjya Kumar Maiti
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2015-10-01
ISBN : 1316691837
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fracture mechanics studies the development and spreading of cracks in materials. The study uses two techniques including analytical and experimental solid mechanics. The former is used to determine the driving force on a crack and the latter is used to measure material's resistance to fracture. The text begins with a detailed discussion of fundamental concepts including linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM), yielding fracture mechanics, mixed mode fracture and computational aspects of linear elastic fracture mechanics. It explains important topics including Griffith theory of brittle crack propagation and its Irwin and Orowan modification, calculation of theoretical cohesive strength of materials through an atomic model and analytical determination of crack tip stress field. This book covers MATLAB programs for calculating fatigue life under variable amplitude cyclic loading. The experimental measurements of fracture toughness parameters KIC, JIC and crack opening displacement (COD) are provided in the last chapter.

Geologic Fracture Mechanics

Geologic Fracture Mechanics Book
Author : Richard A. Schultz
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2019-08-08
ISBN : 1107189993
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to geologic fracture mechanics covering geologic structural discontinuities from theoretical and field-based perspectives.

Introduction to continuum damage mechanics

Introduction to continuum damage mechanics Book
Author : L. Kachanov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 9401719578
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern engineering materials subjected to unfavorable mechanical and environmental conditions decrease in strength due to the accumulation of microstructural changes. For example, considering damage in metals we can mention creep damage, ductile plastic damage, embrittlement of steels and fatigue damage. To properly estimate the value of damage when designing reliable structures it is necessary to formulate the damage phenomenon in terms of mechanics. Then it is possible to analyse various engineering problems using analytical and computational techniques. During the last two decades the basic principles of continuum damage mechanics were formulated and some special problems were solved. Many scientific papers were published and several conferences on damage mechanics took place. Now continuum damage mechanics is rapidly developing branch of fracture mechanics. This book is probably the first one on the subject; it contains a sys tematic description of the basic aspects of damage mechanics and some of its applications. In general, a theoretical description of damage can be rather compli cated. The experiments in this field are difficult (especially under multiax ial stress and non-proportional loading). Therefore, experimental data, as a rule, are scarce. Determination of functions and constants, which play a role in the complex variants of the theory, from available experimental data is often practically impossible. ix L.M. Kachanov The problems of damage mechanics are mainly engineering ones. Therefore, the author tries to avoid superfluous mathematical formalism. Some more details of the book's subject can be found in the list of con tents.

Fracture and Fracture Mechanics Case Studies

Fracture and Fracture Mechanics  Case Studies Book
Author : R. B. Tait,G. G. Garrett
Publisher : Pergamon
Release : 1985
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fracture and Fracture Mechanics Case Studies book written by R. B. Tait,G. G. Garrett, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.