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Introduction To Dislocations

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An Introduction to Composite Materials

An Introduction to Composite Materials Book
Author : D. Hull,T. W. Clyne
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1996-08-13
ISBN : 1107393183
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edition has been greatly enlarged and updated to provide both scientists and engineers with a clear and comprehensive understanding of composite materials. In describing both theoretical and practical aspects of their production, properties and usage, the book crosses the borders of many disciplines. Topics covered include: fibres, matrices, laminates and interfaces; elastic deformation, stress and strain, strength, fatigue crack propagation and creep resistance; toughness and thermal properties; fatigue and deterioration under environmental conditions; fabrication and applications. Coverage has been increased to include polymeric, metallic and ceramic matrices and reinforcement in the form of long fibres, short fibres and particles. Designed primarily as a teaching text for final-year undergraduates in materials science and engineering, this book will also interest undergraduates and postgraduates in chemistry, physics, and mechanical engineering. In addition, it will be an excellent source book for academic and technological researchers on materials.

Introduction to Dislocations

Introduction to Dislocations Book
Author : Derek Hull,D. J. Bacon
Publisher : Butterworth Heinemann
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9780080966724
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The classic introduction to dislocations and the role they play in the properties of crystalline solids ù as clear and easy to understand as ever, now fully updated with the latest developments and references -Long-established academic reference by an expert author team, highly regarded for their contributions to the field -Uses minimal mathematics to present theory and applications in a detailed yet easy-to-read manner -Includes recent developments in the subject and up-to-date references to further reading and research sources Dislocations are defects in the crystal structure of important engineering materials, such as metals, ceramics and semiconductors, that strongly influence the properties of these materials. Research on dislocations was intense when the first edition of this classic work was published in the 1960's. By incorporating later developments in subsequent editions whilst retaining a concise, accessible style, Introduction to Dislocations has become established as a key resource for students, graduates and researchers. No other book on the topic is as credible and, with this new edition, as up to date. Introduction to Dislocations is widely recognized as providing the essential knowledge base required for further study, research and technological application in the field. This update brings the book's coverage, references and context in line with the latest developments to ensure it remains a core reference for all those studying and working in the field today.

Introduction to Dislocations

Introduction to Dislocations Book
Author : Derek Hull,D. J. Bacon
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-02-18
ISBN : 9780080966731
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In materials science, dislocations are irregularities within the crystal structure or atomic scale of engineering materials, such as metals, semi-conductors, polymers, and composites. Discussing this specific aspect of materials science and engineering, Introduction to Dislocations is a key resource for students. The book provides students and practitioners with the fundamental principles required to understand dislocations. Comprised of 10 chapters, the text includes advanced computer modeling and very high-resolution electron microscopy to help readers better understand the structure of atoms close to the core of dislocations. It shows that atomic arrangement has a significant effect on the formation of dislocations and thereby on the properties of solids. The first two chapters of the book present an overview of dislocations. The crystal structures and the various defects and dislocations are discussed, and methods of observation and diagnosis of dislocations are covered. Chapters 3 to 5 discuss the behavior of dislocations and explain how changes in the structure and arrangement of atoms can affect the behavior of dislocations. The three chapters also discuss the mechanical properties of dislocations. The remaining chapters offer a detailed discussion of the mechanisms of dislocations and the mechanical strength of crystalline solids. The book is written for undergraduate- and graduate-level students in both materials science and mechanical engineering. Non-experts and novices working on mechanical properties, mechanisms of deformation and fracture, and properties of materials, as well as industrial and academic researchers, will find this book invaluable. Long-established academic reference by an expert author team, highly regarded for their contributions to the field. Uses minimal mathematics to present theory and applications in a detailed yet easy-to-read manner, making this an understandable introduction to a complex topic. Unlike the main competition, this new edition includes recent developments in the subject and up-to-date references to further reading and research sources.

Introduction to Dislocations

Introduction to Dislocations Book
Author : Derek Hull,D. J. Bacon
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2001-07-02
ISBN : 0080524907
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to Dislocations was first published in 1965 in a series aimed at undergraduate and postgraduate students in metallurgy and materials science and related disciplines. At the time, the subject was maturing and it was expected that 'dislocation concepts' would remain a core discipline for a very long time. As expected, the book has been, and remains, an important undergraduate text all over the world. A wider range of materials has emerged since 1965, most notably in the field of electronics and micro-engineering. The principles of dislocation theory still apply but some of the detail requires further treatment. This fourth edition provides an essential basis for an understanding of many of the physical and mechanical properties of crystalline solids. This new edition has been extensively revised and updated to reflect developments in the understanding of the subject, whilst retaining the clarity and comprehensibility of the previous editions.

Modern Physical Metallurgy

Modern Physical Metallurgy Book
Author : R. E. Smallman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-06-24
ISBN : 1483105970
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern Physical Metallurgy, Fourth Edition discusses the fundamentals and applications of physical metallurgy. The book is comprised of 15 chapters that cover the experimental background of a metallurgical phenomenon. The text first talks about the structure of atoms and crystals, and then proceeds to dealing with the physical examination of metals and alloys. The third chapter tackles the phase diagrams and solidifications, while the fourth chapter covers the thermodynamics of crystals. Next, the book discusses the structure of alloys. The next four chapters deal with the deformations and defects of crystals, metals, and alloys. Chapter 10 discusses work hardening and annealing, while Chapters 11 and 12 cover phase transformations. The succeeding two chapters talk about creep, fatigue, and fracture, while the last chapter covers oxidation and corrosion. The text will be of great use to undergraduate students of materials engineering and other degrees that deal with metallurgical properties.

Imperfections in Crystalline Solids

Imperfections in Crystalline Solids Book
Author : Wei Cai,William D. Nix
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2016-09-15
ISBN : 1107123135
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An accessible textbook providing students with a working knowledge of the properties of defects in crystals, in a step-by-step tutorial style.

Dislocations

Dislocations Book
Author : J. Friedel
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483135926
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dislocations deals with the main properties of dislocations, including motion, climb, and vacancies. Topics covered include the elastic theory of dislocations, imperfect dislocations, and crystal growth, along with dislocation networks, annealing, and grain boundaries. The interaction of dislocations with other defects is also discussed. This book is comprised of 17 chapters and begins with an overview of the general properties of dislocations, with emphasis on perfect and real crystals and the general case for translation dislocations. The reader is then introduced to the motion of dislocations, including glide; vacancies and interstitial atoms; dislocation climb; imperfect dislocations and surfaces of misfit; and crystal growth, including growth from a liquid phase. The next section is devoted to the more or less complex networks of dislocations that can be formed in crystals, and to the plastic properties corresponding to these arrays. The remaining chapters explore the interactions of dislocations with other crystalline defects, primarily impurity atoms. This monograph is intended for physicists, metallurgists, materials scientists, research and engineering students, and research engineers.

Theory of Dislocations

Theory of Dislocations Book
Author : John Price Hirth,Jens Lothe
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents a comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals of dislocations. This book covers the elastic theory of straight and curved dislocations, and includes a chapter on elastic anisotropy. It also presents applications to the theory of dislocation motion at low and high temperatures.

Dislocations and Plastic Deformation

Dislocations and Plastic Deformation Book
Author : I. Kovács,L. Zsoldos
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-07-08
ISBN : 1483146189
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dislocations and Plastic Deformation deals with dislocations and plastic deformation, and specifically discusses topics ranging from deformation of single crystals and dislocations in the lattice to the fundamentals of the continuum theory, the properties of point defects in crystals, multiplication of dislocations, and partial dislocations. The effect of lattice defects on the physical properties of metals is also considered. Comprised of nine chapters, this book begins by providing a short and, where possible, precise explanation of dislocation theory. The first six chapters discuss the properties of dislocations and point defects both in crystals and in an elastic continuum. The reader is then introduced to some applications of dislocation theory that show, for instance, the difficulties involved in understanding the hardening of alloys and the work-hardening of pure metals. This book concludes by analyzing the effect of heat treatment on the defect structure in metals. This text will be of interest to students and practitioners in the field of physics.

Fundamental Aspects of Dislocation Interactions

Fundamental Aspects of Dislocation Interactions Book
Author : G. Kostorz,H. A. Calderon,J. L. Martin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-09-03
ISBN : 1483274926
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamental Aspects of Dislocation Interactions: Low-Energy Dislocation Structures III covers the papers presented at a European Research Conference on Plasticity of Materials-Fundamental Aspects of Dislocation Interactions: Low-Energy Dislocation Structures III, held on August 30-September 4, 1992 in Ascona, Switzerland. The book focuses on the processes, technologies, reactions, transformations, and approaches involved in dislocation interactions. The selection first offers information on work softening and Hall-Petch hardening in extruded mechanically alloyed alloys and dynamic origin of dislocation structures in deformed solids. Discussions focus on stress-strain behavior in relation to composition, structure, and annealing; comparison of stress-strain curves with work softening theory; sweeping and trapping mechanism; and model of dipolar wall structure formation. The text then ponders on plastic instabilities and their relation to fracture and dislocation and kink dynamics in f.c.c. metals studied by mechanical spectroscopy. The book takes a look at misfit dislocation generation mechanisms in heterostructures and evolution of dislocation structure on the interfaces associated with diffusionless phase transitions. Discussions focus on dislocation representation of a wall of elastic domains; equation of equilibrium of an elastic domain; transformation of dislocations; and theoretical and experimental background. The selection is a valuable reference for readers interested in dislocation interactions.

Fundamental Aspects of Dislocation Theory

Fundamental Aspects of Dislocation Theory Book
Author : John Arthur Simmons,Roland De Wit,R. Bullough
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1970
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fundamental Aspects of Dislocation Theory book written by John Arthur Simmons,Roland De Wit,R. Bullough, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Introduction to Micromechanics and Nanomechanics

Introduction to Micromechanics and Nanomechanics Book
Author : Shaofan Li,Gang Wang
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
Release : 2017-12-05
ISBN : 981443678X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a systematic treatise on micromechanics and nanomechanics, which encompasses many important research and development areas such as composite materials and homogenizations, mechanics of quantum dots, multiscale analysis and mechanics, defect mechanics of solids including fracture and dislocation mechanics, etc. In this second edition, some previous chapters are revised, and some new chapters added — crystal plasticity, multiscale crystal defect dynamics, quantum force and stress, micromechanics of metamaterials, and micromorphic theory. The book serves primarily as a graduate textbook and intended as a reference book for the next generation of scientists and engineers. It also has a unique pedagogical style that is specially suitable for self-study and self-learning for many researchers and professionals who do not have time attending classes and lectures.

Physics of Ice

Physics of Ice Book
Author : Victor F. Petrenko,Robert W. Whitworth
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 1999-08-19
ISBN : 0191581348
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ice is one of the most abundant and environmentally important materials on Earth, and its unique and intriguing physical properties present fascinating areas of study for a wide variety of researchers. This book is about the physics of ice, by which is meant the properties of the material itself and the ways in which these properties are interpreted in terms of water molecules and crystalline structure. Although ice has a simple crystal structure its hydrogen bonding results in unique properties, which continue to be the subject of active research. In this book the physical principles underlying the properties of ice are carefully developed at a level aimed at pure and applied researchers in the field. Important topics like current understandings of the electrical, mechanical, and surface properties, and the occurrence of many different crystalline phases are developed in a coherent way for the first time. An extensive reference list and numerous illustrations add to the usefulness and readability of the text.

Introduction to Dislocations

Introduction to Dislocations Book
Author : Derek Hull
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1965
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Introduction to Dislocations book written by Derek Hull, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Mechanical Properties of Materials

Mechanical Properties of Materials Book
Author : Joshua Pelleg
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-06-13
ISBN : 9400743424
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The subject of mechanical behavior has been in the front line of basic studies in engineering curricula for many years. This textbook was written for engineering students with the aim of presenting, in a relatively simple manner, the basic concepts of mechanical behavior in solid materials. A second aim of the book is to guide students in their laboratory experiments by helping them to understand their observations in parallel with the lectures of their various courses; therefore the first chapter of the book is devoted to mechanical testing. Another aim of the book is to provide practicing engineers with basic help to bridge the gap of time that has passed from their graduation up to their actual involvement in engineering work. The book also serves as the basis for more advanced studies and seminars when pursuing courses on a graduate level. The content of this textbook and the topics discussed correspond to courses that are usually taught in universities and colleges all over the world, but with a different and more modern approach. It is however unique by the inclusion of an extensive chapter on mechanical behavior in the micron and submicron/nanometer range. Mechanical deformation phenomena are explained and often related to the presence of dislocations in structures. Many practical illustrations are provided representing various observations encountered in actual structures of particularly technical significance. A comprehensive list of references at the end of each chapter is included to provide a broad basis for further studying the subject.

Soft Matter Physics

Soft Matter Physics Book
Author : Maurice Kleman,Oleg D. Laverntovich
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-05-28
ISBN : 0387217592
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The study of "soft matter" materials with complex properties has raised a number of interesting problems in basic physics, biology, and materials science, all of which promise new and important technological applications. After a review of chemical bonds and phase transitions, the authors treat topics such as surface phenomena, stability of colloidal systems, structural properties of polymers, and topological defects. The monograph's emphasis on underlying physical principles offers a coherent treatment of the great variety of research in the field.

Mechanical Properties of Metals

Mechanical Properties of Metals Book
Author : C. W. Lung,Norman Henry March
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9789810226220
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book is intended to describe the basic and newly developed elements of the physics of solids and materials science on mechanical properties of metals with as much continuity as is possible. Particular emphasis has been placed in atomistic and fractal approaches and continuum theory of dislocations is also introduced. Since the book is meant for the two main topics of progress in recent years, some interesting and important topics which have not been discussed or introduced are given in detail.For a long time, pair potentials were used very expensively in simulation studies. They can reproduce usefully total energies for many systems. But when one turns to elastic properties, fracture of surfaces, and the vacancy formation energy, deficiencies and limitations begin to emerge. These limitations of the simple pair potential approximation have been addressed by the development of empirical many-body potentials which is the major theme of our book.Over a decade or more, diverse scientists have recognized that many of the structures common in their experiments have a special kind of geometrical complexity. The key to this progress is the recognition that many random structures obey a symmetry that objects look the same on many different scales of observation. The concept of fractals was introduced by Mandelbrot and applied to fractures by himself and collaborators. Their work pointed to a correlation between toughness and the fractal dimension. Our interest is the fractal aspects of fractured surfaces. We will discuss more in our book.The strain field of a dislocation has a long range part and this part can be discussed rigorously from elasticity theory. Recent progress in elastic strain fields and dislocation mobility were made by Indenbom and Lothe. The elementary essentials will be introduced in our book.

Computer Simulations of Dislocations

Computer Simulations of Dislocations Book
Author : Vasily Bulatov,Vasily V. Bulatov,Wei Cai
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release : 2006-11-02
ISBN : 0198526148
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book presents a variety of methods for computer simulations of crystal defects in the form of "numerical recipes", complete with computer codes and analysis tools. By working through numerous case studies and problems, this book provides a useful starter kit for further method development in the computational materials sciences.

Dislocation Dynamics During Plastic Deformation

Dislocation Dynamics During Plastic Deformation Book
Author : Ulrich Messerschmidt
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-04-19
ISBN : 3642031773
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Along with numerous illustrative examples, this text provides an overview of the dynamic behavior of dislocations and its relation to plastic deformation. It introduces the general properties of dislocations and treats the dislocation dynamics in some detail.