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Introduction To Agent Based Economics

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Introduction to Agent Based Economics

Introduction to Agent Based Economics Book
Author : Mauro Gallegati,Antonio Palestrini,Alberto Russo
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-08-03
ISBN : 0128039035
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to Agent-Based Economics describes the principal elements of agent-based computational economics (ACE). It illustrates ACE’s theoretical foundations, which are rooted in the application of the concept of complexity to the social sciences, and it depicts its growth and development from a non-linear out-of-equilibrium approach to a state-of-the-art agent-based macroeconomics. The book helps readers gain a better understanding of the limits and perspectives of the ACE models and their capacity to reproduce economic phenomena and empirical patterns. Reviews the literature of agent-based computational economics Analyzes approaches to agents’ expectations Covers one of the few large macroeconomic agent-based models, the Modellaccio Illustrates both analytical and computational methodologies for producing tractable solutions of macro ACE models Describes diffusion and amplification mechanisms Depicts macroeconomic experiments related to ACE implementations

Agent Based Models in Economics

Agent Based Models in Economics Book
Author : Domenico Delli Gatti,Giorgio Fagiolo,Mauro Gallegati,Alberto Russo
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2018-03-22
ISBN : 1108414990
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first step-by-step introduction to the methodology of agent-based models in economics, their mathematical and statistical analysis, and real-world applications.

Agent Based Modelling in Economics

Agent Based Modelling in Economics Book
Author : Lynne Hamill,Nigel Gilbert
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-01-19
ISBN : 1118456076
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agent-based modelling in economics Lynne Hamill and Nigel Gilbert, Centre for Research in Social Simulation (CRESS), University of Surrey, UK New methods of economic modelling have been sought as a result of the global economic downturn in 2008.This unique book highlights the benefits of an agent-based modelling (ABM) approach. It demonstrates how ABM can easily handle complexity: heterogeneous people, households and firms interacting dynamically. Unlike traditional methods, ABM does not require people or firms to optimise or economic systems to reach equilibrium. ABM offers a way to link micro foundations directly to the macro situation. Key features: Introduces the concept of agent-based modelling and shows how it differs from existing approaches. Provides a theoretical and methodological rationale for using ABM in economics, along with practical advice on how to design and create the models. Each chapter starts with a short summary of the relevant economic theory and then shows how to apply ABM. Explores both topics covered in basic economics textbooks and current important policy themes; unemployment, exchange rates, banking and environmental issues. Describes the models in pseudocode, enabling the reader to develop programs in their chosen language. Supported by a website featuring the NetLogo models described in the book. Agent-based Modelling in Economics provides students and researchers with the skills to design, implement, and analyze agent-based models. Third year undergraduate, master and doctoral students, faculty and professional economists will find this book an invaluable resource.

Economics with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents

Economics with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents Book
Author : Alessandro Caiani,Alberto Russo,Antonio Palestrini,Mauro Gallegati
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-09-21
ISBN : 3319440586
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a practical guide to Agent Based economic modeling, adopting a “learning by doing” approach to help the reader master the fundamental tools needed to create and analyze Agent Based models. After providing them with a basic “toolkit” for Agent Based modeling, it present and discusses didactic models of real financial and economic systems in detail. While stressing the main features and advantages of the bottom-up perspective inherent to this approach, the book also highlights the logic and practical steps that characterize the model building procedure. A detailed description of the underlying codes, developed using R and C, is also provided. In addition, each didactic model is accompanied by exercises and applications designed to promote active learning on the part of the reader. Following the same approach, the book also presents several complementary tools required for the analysis and validation of the models, such as sensitivity experiments, calibration exercises, economic network and statistical distributions analysis. By the end of the book, the reader will have gained a deeper understanding of the Agent Based methodology and be prepared to use the fundamental techniques required to start developing their own economic models. Accordingly, “Economics with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents” will be of particular interest to graduate and postgraduate students, as well as to academic institutions and lecturers interested in including an overview of the AB approach to economic modeling in their courses.

Agent based Models of the Economy

Agent based Models of the Economy Book
Author : Riccardo Boero,Matteo Morini,Michele Sonnessa,Pietro Terna
Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan
Release : 2015-06-17
ISBN : 9781137339805
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agent-Based Models Of The Economy uses agent-based models for understanding a broad spectrum of economic phenomena. This book aim is twofold. First, it introduces the reader to the methodology and to the technicalities and the tools necessary to master the creation of agent-based models. Second, it presents several examples of applications to different economic phenomena where agent-based models are crucial in answering the research question and in solving practical problems emerged in business and policy domains (e.g., financial markets, cooperation dynamics, public policy evaluation). With this book, readers learn what agent-based models are and the advantages they can provide. Further, readers learn how to develop from scratch and with scientific rigor their own agent-based models for studying economic phenomena. Finally, readers find in the book several applications that can represent examples to be imitated and to be kept as reference.

Agent Based Computational Economics

Agent Based Computational Economics Book
Author : Shu-Heng Chen
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-09-19
ISBN : 1317560922
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims to answer two questions that are fundamental to the study of agent-based economic models: what is agent-based computational economics and why do we need agent-based economic modelling of economy? This book provides a review of the development of agent-based computational economics (ACE) from a perspective on how artificial economic agents are designed under the influences of complex sciences, experimental economics, artificial intelligence, evolutionary biology, psychology, anthropology and neuroscience. This book begins with a historical review of ACE by tracing its origins. From a modelling viewpoint, ACE brings truly decentralized procedures into market analysis, from a single market to the whole economy. This book also reviews how experimental economics and artificial intelligence have shaped the development of ACE. For the former, the book discusses how ACE models can be used to analyse the economic consequences of cognitive capacity, personality and cultural inheritance. For the latter, the book covers the various tools used to construct artificial adaptive agents, including reinforcement learning, fuzzy decision rules, neural networks, and evolutionary computation. This book will be of interest to graduate students researching computational economics, experimental economics, behavioural economics, and research methodology.

Agent Based Computational Modelling

Agent Based Computational Modelling Book
Author : Francesco C. Billari,Thomas Fent,Alexia Prskawetz,Jürgen Scheffran
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2006-03-13
ISBN : 9783790816402
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present book describes the methodology to set up agent-based models and to study emerging patterns in complex adaptive systems resulting from multi-agent interaction. It offers the application of agent-based models in demography, social and economic sciences and environmental sciences. Examples include population dynamics, evolution of social norms, communication structures, patterns in eco-systems and socio-biology, natural resource management, spread of diseases and development processes. It presents and combines different approaches how to implement agent-based computational models and tools in an integrative manner that can be extended to other cases.

An Introduction to Agent Based Modeling

An Introduction to Agent Based Modeling Book
Author : Uri Wilensky,William Rand
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2015-04-03
ISBN : 0262731894
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive and hands-on introduction to the core concepts, methods, and applications of agent-based modeling, including detailed NetLogo examples. The advent of widespread fast computing has enabled us to work on more complex problems and to build and analyze more complex models. This book provides an introduction to one of the primary methodologies for research in this new field of knowledge. Agent-based modeling (ABM) offers a new way of doing science: by conducting computer-based experiments. ABM is applicable to complex systems embedded in natural, social, and engineered contexts, across domains that range from engineering to ecology. An Introduction to Agent-Based Modeling offers a comprehensive description of the core concepts, methods, and applications of ABM. Its hands-on approach—with hundreds of examples and exercises using NetLogo—enables readers to begin constructing models immediately, regardless of experience or discipline. The book first describes the nature and rationale of agent-based modeling, then presents the methodology for designing and building ABMs, and finally discusses how to utilize ABMs to answer complex questions. Features in each chapter include step-by-step guides to developing models in the main text; text boxes with additional information and concepts; end-of-chapter explorations; and references and lists of relevant reading. There is also an accompanying website with all the models and code.

Introduction to Agent Based Economics

Introduction to Agent Based Economics Book
Author : Mauro Gallegati,Alberto Russo
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-08-05
ISBN : 9780128038345
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to Agent-Based Economics describes the principal elements of agent-based computational economics (ACE). It illustrates ACE's theoretical foundations, which are rooted in the application of the concept of complexity to the social sciences, and it depicts its growth and development from a non-linear out-of-equilibrium approach to a state-of-the-art agent-based macroeconomics. The book helps readers gain a better understanding of the limits and perspectives of the ACE models and their capacity to reproduce economic phenomena and empirical patterns. Reviews the literature of agent-based computational economics Analyzes approaches to agents' expectations Covers one of the few large macroeconomic agent-based models, the Modellaccio Illustrates both analytical and computational methodologies for producing tractable solutions of macro ACE models Describes diffusion and amplification mechanisms Depicts macroeconomic experiments related to ACE implementations

Handbook of Computational Economics

Handbook of Computational Economics Book
Author : Leigh Tesfatsion,Kenneth L. Judd
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-05-15
ISBN : 0080459870
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The explosive growth in computational power over the past several decades offers new tools and opportunities for economists. This handbook volume surveys recent research on Agent-based Computational Economics (ACE), the computational study of economic processes modeled as dynamic systems of interacting agents. Empirical referents for "agents" in ACE models can range from individuals or social groups with learning capabilities to physical world features with no cognitive function. Topics covered include: learning; empirical validation; network economics; social dynamics; financial markets; innovation and technological change; organizations; market design; automated markets and trading agents; political economy; social-ecological systems; computational laboratory development; and general methodological issues. *Every volume contains contributions from leading researchers *Each Handbook presents an accurate, self-contained survey of a particular topic *The series provides comprehensive and accessible surveys

Economic Simulations in Swarm Agent Based Modelling and Object Oriented Programming

Economic Simulations in Swarm  Agent Based Modelling and Object Oriented Programming Book
Author : Francesco Luna,Benedikt Stefansson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461546419
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computer simulations of economic systems are slowly gaining ground within the economic profession. However, such a process is hindered by a lack of communication among researchers who do not share a common language. For its object-oriented structure and its versatility, Swarm has the necessary characteristics to become a credible universal language of agent-based simulations. Economic Simulations in Swarm collects a series of original articles in such domains as macro and micro economics, industrial organization, monetary theory, and finance, all linked by a common denominator: the use of the Swarm simulation platform. Swarm, a standard set of program libraries, allows users to construct simulations where a collection of heterogeneous independent agents or elements interact through discrete events. This volume offers the first extensive tutorial to the use of these software libraries developed at the Santa Fe Institute as part of the ongoing research into complexity. The editors conceived the idea of this book while visiting the Santa Fe Institute as members of the `Working Group on Adaptive and Computable Economics'. Francesco Luna is a specialist in Computable Economics, and Benedikt Stefansson is an active contributor to the Swarm community.

Introduction to Discrete Event Simulation and Agent based Modeling

Introduction to Discrete Event Simulation and Agent based Modeling Book
Author : Theodore T. Allen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-01-12
ISBN : 0857291394
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discrete event simulation and agent-based modeling are increasingly recognized as critical for diagnosing and solving process issues in complex systems. Introduction to Discrete Event Simulation and Agent-based Modeling covers the techniques needed for success in all phases of simulation projects. These include: • Definition – The reader will learn how to plan a project and communicate using a charter. • Input analysis – The reader will discover how to determine defensible sample sizes for all needed data collections. They will also learn how to fit distributions to that data. • Simulation – The reader will understand how simulation controllers work, the Monte Carlo (MC) theory behind them, modern verification and validation, and ways to speed up simulation using variation reduction techniques and other methods. • Output analysis – The reader will be able to establish simultaneous intervals on key responses and apply selection and ranking, design of experiments (DOE), and black box optimization to develop defensible improvement recommendations. • Decision support – Methods to inspire creative alternatives are presented, including lean production. Also, over one hundred solved problems are provided and two full case studies, including one on voting machines that received international attention. Introduction to Discrete Event Simulation and Agent-based Modeling demonstrates how simulation can facilitate improvements on the job and in local communities. It allows readers to competently apply technology considered key in many industries and branches of government. It is suitable for undergraduate and graduate students, as well as researchers and other professionals.

Agent Based and Individual Based Modeling

Agent Based and Individual Based Modeling Book
Author : Steven F. Railsback,Volker Grimm
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2019-03-26
ISBN : 0691190836
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The essential textbook on agent-based modeling—now fully updated and expanded Agent-Based and Individual-Based Modeling has become the standard textbook on the subject for classroom use and self-instruction. Drawing on the latest version of NetLogo and fully updated with new examples, exercises, and an enhanced text for easier comprehension, this is the essential resource for anyone seeking to understand how the dynamics of biological, social, and other complex systems arise from the characteristics of the agents that make up these systems. Steven Railsback and Volker Grimm lead students stepwise through the processes of designing, programming, documenting, and doing scientific research with agent-based models, focusing on the adaptive behaviors that make these models necessary. They cover the fundamentals of modeling and model analysis, introduce key modeling concepts, and demonstrate how to implement them using NetLogo. They also address pattern-oriented modeling, an invaluable strategy for modeling real-world problems and developing theory. This accessible and authoritative book focuses on modeling as a tool for understanding real complex systems. It explains how to pose a specific question, use observations from actual systems to design models, write and test software, and more. A hands-on introduction that guides students from conceptual design to computer implementation to analysis Filled with new examples and exercises and compatible with the latest version of NetLogo Ideal for students and researchers across the natural and social sciences Written by two leading practitioners Supported by extensive instructional materials at www.railsback-grimm-abm-book.com

The End of Theory

The End of Theory Book
Author : Richard Bookstaber
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2019-04-02
ISBN : 0691191859
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An in-depth look at how to account for the human complexities at the heart of today’s financial system Our economy may have recovered from the Great Recession—but not our economics. The End of Theory discusses why the human condition and the radical uncertainty of our world renders the standard economic model—and the theory behind it—useless for dealing with financial crises. What model should replace it? None. At least not any version we’ve been using for the past two hundred years. Richard Bookstaber argues for a new approach called agent-based economics, one that takes as a starting point the fact that we are humans, not the optimizing automatons that standard economics assumes we are. Sweeping aside the historic failure of twentieth-century economics, The End of Theory offers a novel perspective and more realistic framework to help prevent today's financial system from blowing up again.

Agent Based Modeling

Agent Based Modeling Book
Author : Norman Ehrentreich
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-10-30
ISBN : 3540738789
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reconciles the existence of technical trading with the Efficient Market Hypothesis. By analyzing a well-known agent-based model, the Santa Fe Institute Artificial Stock Market (SFI-ASM), it finds that when selective forces are weak, financial evolution cannot guarantee that only the fittest trading rules will survive. Its main contribution lies in the application of standard results from population genetics which have widely been neglected in the agent-based community.

Artificial Economics

Artificial Economics Book
Author : Ruben Mercado
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2021-11-04
ISBN : 1316517098
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An introductory overview of the methods, models and interdisciplinary links of artificial economics. Addresses the differences between the assumptions and methods of artificial economics and those of mainstream economics. This is one of the first books to fully address, in an intuitive and conceptual form, this new way of doing economics.

The Oxford Handbook of Computational Economics and Finance

The Oxford Handbook of Computational Economics and Finance Book
Author : Shu-Heng Chen,Mak Kaboudan,Ye-Rong Du
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018-01-12
ISBN : 0190877502
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Oxford Handbook of Computational Economics and Finance provides a survey of both the foundations of and recent advances in the frontiers of analysis and action. It is both historically and interdisciplinarily rich and also tightly connected to the rise of digital society. It begins with the conventional view of computational economics, including recent algorithmic development in computing rational expectations, volatility, and general equilibrium. It then moves from traditional computing in economics and finance to recent developments in natural computing, including applications of nature-inspired intelligence, genetic programming, swarm intelligence, and fuzzy logic. Also examined are recent developments of network and agent-based computing in economics. How these approaches are applied is examined in chapters on such subjects as trading robots and automated markets. The last part deals with the epistemology of simulation in its trinity form with the integration of simulation, computation, and dynamics. Distinctive is the focus on natural computationalism and the examination of the implications of intelligent machines for the future of computational economics and finance. Not merely individual robots, but whole integrated systems are extending their "immigration" to the world of Homo sapiens, or symbiogenesis.

Agent Based Models

Agent Based Models Book
Author : Nigel Gilbert
Publisher : SAGE Publications
Release : 2019-11-15
ISBN : 1506355617
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agent-based simulation has become increasingly popular as a modeling approach in the social sciences because it enables researchers to build models where individual entities and their interactions are directly represented. The Second Edition of Nigel Gilbert′s Agent-Based Models introduces this technique; considers a range of methodological and theoretical issues; shows how to design an agent-based model, with a simple example; offers some practical advice about developing, verifying and validating agent-based models; and finally discusses how to plan an agent-based modelling project, publish the results and apply agent-based modeling to formulate and evaluate social and economic policies. An accompanying simulation using NetLogo and commentary on the program can be downloaded on the book′s website: https://study.sagepub.com/researchmethods/qass/gilbert-agent-based-models-2e

New Horizons in Modeling and Simulation for Social Epidemiology and Public Health

New Horizons in Modeling and Simulation for Social Epidemiology and Public Health Book
Author : Daniel Kim
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-01-28
ISBN : 1118589572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An introduction to state-of-the-art modeling and simulation approaches for social and economic determinants of population health New Horizons in Modeling and Simulation for Social Epidemiology and Public Health offers a comprehensive introduction to modeling and simulation that addresses the many complex research questions in social epidemiology and public health. This book highlights a variety of practical applications and illustrative examples with a focus on modeling and simulation approaches for the social and economic determinants of population health. The book contains classic case examples in agent-based modeling (ABM) as well as essential information on ABM applications to public health including for infectious disease modeling, obesity, and tobacco control. This book also surveys applications of microsimulation (MSM) including of tax-benefit policies to project impacts of the social determinants of health. Specifically, this book: Provides an overview of the social determinants of health and the public health significance of addressing the social determinants of health Gives a conceptual foundation for the application of ABM and MSM to study the social determinants of health Offers methodological introductions to both ABM and MSM approaches with illustrative examples Includes cutting-edge systematic reviews of empirical applications of ABM and MSM in the social sciences, social epidemiology, and public health Discusses future directions for empirical research using ABM and MSM, including integrating aspects of both ABM and MSM and implications for public health policies Written for a broad audience of policy analysts, public planners, and researchers and practitioners in public health and public policy including social epidemiologists, New Horizons in Modeling and Simulation for Social Epidemiology and Public Health offers a fundamental guide to the social determinants of health and state-of-the-art applications of ABM and MSM to studying the social and economic determinants of population health.

Agent based Modeling and Simulation

Agent based Modeling and Simulation Book
Author : S. Taylor
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-08-27
ISBN : 1137453648
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Operational Research (OR) deals with the use of advanced analytical methods to support better decision-making. It is multidisciplinary with strong links to management science, decision science, computer science and many application areas such as engineering, manufacturing, commerce and healthcare. In the study of emergent behaviour in complex adaptive systems, Agent-based Modelling & Simulation (ABMS) is being used in many different domains such as healthcare, energy, evacuation, commerce, manufacturing and defense. This collection of articles presents a convenient introduction to ABMS with papers ranging from contemporary views to representative case studies. The OR Essentials series presents a unique cross-section of high quality research work fundamental to understanding contemporary issues and research across a range of Operational Research (OR) topics. It brings together some of the best research papers from the esteemed Operational Research Society and its associated journals, also published by Palgrave Macmillan.