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Intestinal Barrier In Health And Disease

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Immunosenescence

Immunosenescence Book
Author : Graham Pawelec
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-12-18
ISBN : 0387768424
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human immunosenescence contributes to morbidity and mortality in later life. Understanding the reasons for age-associated alterations to protective immunity in the elderly would ultimately improve and extend healthspan. The majority of the papers collected in this remarkable and timely volume address the mechanisms responsible for immune ageing in humans. They also consider what might be accomplished to redress the erosion of immune competence with age.

The Microbiome

The Microbiome Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10-23
ISBN : 0128207981
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Microbiome, Volume 176, assembles known facts and provides guidance for their implementation on topics relating to associations between the gut microbiome and personality traits, depression, anxiety, autism, schizophrenia, cognition, dementia and neurodegeneration. Additionally, this volume considers the influence of the maternal microbiome on brain development, with chapters covering Intervention, prevention, and the brain: prebiotics, probiotics, and fecal transplants, The microbiota-gut-brain axis: focus on the fundamental communication pathways, and Microbiome composition and locations. Provides a comprehensive review of the bidirectional interactions between gut microbes and the brain Includes data across the lifespan Focuses on microbiome related therapies with broad appeal within, and beyond, the medical and scientific community

Food Emulsifiers and Their Applications

Food Emulsifiers and Their Applications Book
Author : Gerard L. Hasenhuettl,Richard W. Hartel
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-09
ISBN : 3030291871
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emulsifiers, also known as surfactants, are often added to processed foods to improve stability, texture, or shelf life. These additives are regulated by national agencies, such as the FDA, or multi-national authorities, such as the EEC or WHO. The amphiphilic molecules function by assisting the dispersion of mutually insoluble phases and stabilizing the resulting colloids, emulsions, and foams. Emulsifiers can interact with other food components such as carbohydrates, proteins, water, and ions to produce complexes and mesophases. These interactions may enhance or disrupt structures and affect functional properties of finished foods. In dairy processing, small molecule emulsifiers may displace dairy proteins from oil/water and air/water interfaces, which affects stability and properties of the foams and emulsions. In baked products, emulsifiers contribute to secondary functionalities, such as dough strengthening and anti-staling. Synthetic food emulsifiers suffer from the stigma of chemical names on a product’s ingredient statement. Modern consumers are seeking products that are “all natural.” Fortunately, there are a number of natural ingredients that are surface-active, such as lecithin, milk proteins, and some protein-containing hydrocolloids. Mayonnaise, for example, is stabilized by egg yolk. This book can serve as both a guide for professionals in the food industry to provide an understanding of emulsifier functionality, and a stimulus for further innovation. Students of food science will find this to be a valuable resource.

Impact of Microbiome on Gut Mucosal Immunity in Health and Disease

Impact of Microbiome on Gut Mucosal Immunity in Health and Disease Book
Author : Oscar Gilberto Gomez-Duarte,Pearay Ogra,Tobias R. Kollmann,Cecil Czerkinsky
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-11-07
ISBN : 2832504027
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Impact of Microbiome on Gut Mucosal Immunity in Health and Disease book written by Oscar Gilberto Gomez-Duarte,Pearay Ogra,Tobias R. Kollmann,Cecil Czerkinsky, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Microbial Endocrinology The Microbiota Gut Brain Axis in Health and Disease

Microbial Endocrinology  The Microbiota Gut Brain Axis in Health and Disease Book
Author : Mark Lyte,John F. Cryan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-07-05
ISBN : 1493908979
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of microbial endocrinology is expressly devoted to understanding the mechanisms by which the microbiota (bacteria within the microbiome) interact with the host (“us”). This interaction is a two-way street and the driving force that governs these interactions are the neuroendocrine products of both the host and the microbiota. Chapters include neuroendocrine hormone-induced changes in gene expression and microbial endocrinology and probiotics. This is the first in a series of books dedicated to understanding how bi-directional communication between host and bacteria represents the cutting edge of translational medical research, and hopefully identifies new ways to understand the mechanisms that determine health and disease.​

Nutrition Weight and Digestive Health

Nutrition  Weight  and Digestive Health Book
Author : Carolyn Newberry,Janese Laster,Octavia Pickett-Blakely
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-04-23
ISBN : 3030949532
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book serves as a definitive nutritional reference for medical practitioners who care for patients with digestive diseases. This first-of-its-kind title explores the critical link between nutrition and weight and digestive health and organizes the necessary information for easy use for clinicians across specialties. The book is divided into four sections; the first section outlines basic nutritional concepts that lay a foundation for future chapters. This includes discussion of the gastrointestinal tract’s role in digestion and metabolism, an outline of dietary composition and associated deficiencies, and a review of nutritional assessment and general therapeutic principles. Next, the second section outlines dietary and nutritional implications of specific digestive diseases organized by affected gastrointestinal organs. Following this, the third section discusses appetite regulation, weight management, and obesity’s association with gastrointestinal diseases. It also discusses the importance of comprehensive, multi-disciplinary obesity care including a review of dietary, pharmacological, endoscopic, and surgical options that promote weight loss. In concluding the book, the fourth section discusses foundational nutritional support concepts. Nutrition, Weight, and Digestive Health is an invaluable reference for medical practitioners seeking a title that explores important and revolutionary elements to the medical care of those with digestive diseases.

Gastrointestinal Physiology and Diseases

Gastrointestinal Physiology and Diseases Book
Author : Andrei I. Ivanov
Publisher : Humana Press
Release : 2016-04-13
ISBN : 9781493936014
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides a comprehensive collection of classical and cutting edge protocols and techniques to examine the normal development and physiological functions of the gastrointestinal system and to model the most common digestive diseases. The chapters focus on diverse research topics including ex vivo systems to study gastrointestinal development and functions, in vivo imaging of the gastrointestinal tract, isolation and characterization of intestinal immune cells, and animal models of gastrointestinal inflammation and cancer. The Gastrointestinal Physiology and Diseases: Methods and Protocols book targets wide audience of physiologists, cell and developmental biologists, immunologists, and physician-scientists working in the field of gastroenterology and beyond. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Highly practical and clearly written, Gastrointestinal Physiology and Diseases: Methods and Protocols will serve both seasoned researchers as well as newcomers to the field and will provide a unique resource and expert guidance to modern laboratory techniques developed for examining normal functions and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Book
Author : M. Campieri,C. Fiocchi,S.B. Hanauer,D.P. Jewell,D. Rachmilewitz,J. Schölmerich
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002-03-31
ISBN : 9780792387725
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the proceedings of the Falk Symposium No. 122 on "Inflammatory Bowel Disease - A Clinical Case Approach to Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment", held in Bologna, Italy, on June 22-23, 2001, and deals with some major issues concerning Genetics of IBD, Pediatrics in IBD, Early vs Late IBD, Bacteria and Gut Inflammation, Refractory CD, Fistulizing CD, Refractory Distal Colitis, and Complications of Ileal-Pouch Anastomosis. The main aim of the meeting was to highlight the value of an integrated clinical approach and the importance of clinical research in developing innovative methods of treatment.

Janeway s Immunobiology

Janeway s Immunobiology Book
Author : Kenneth Murphy,Paul Travers,Mark Walport,Peter Walter
Publisher : Garland Science
Release : 2010-06-22
ISBN : 9780815344575
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Janeway's Immunobiology CD-ROM, Immunobiology Interactive, is included with each book, and can be purchased separately. It contains animations and videos with voiceover narration, as well as the figures from the text for presentation purposes.

Understanding the Gut Bone Signaling Axis

Understanding the Gut Bone Signaling Axis Book
Author : Laura R. McCabe,Narayanan Parameswaran
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-02
ISBN : 3319666533
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first book compiling current research on the gut-bone signaling axis and its implications in the pathophysiology of GI and bone diseases. Rather than focusing on a single mechanism, this book provides the reader with a broad view on gut-bone signaling and the most up-to-date information in this rapidly growing area. The volume is also unique in that it looks at what is known about GI diseases affecting bone and then examines the role of the microbiome and its modulation by pre and probiotics to treat bone disease, placing this topic within the context of gut-bone signaling pathways. Understanding the Gut-Bone Signaling Axis will thus provide an understanding of how various therapies could be applied to this area.

Systems of Nanovesicular Drug Delivery

Systems of Nanovesicular Drug Delivery Book
Author : Amit Kumar Nayak,Md Saquib Hasnain,Tejraj Aminabhavi,Vladimir P. Torchilin
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-07-29
ISBN : 0323914225
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Systems of Nanovesicular Drug Delivery provides a thorough insight into the complete and up-to-date discussions about the preparation, properties and drug delivery applications of various nanovesicles. This volume discusses cubosomes, proniosomes and niosomes, dendrimerosomes and other new and effective approaches for drug delivery. It will be a valuable title and resource for academics and pharmaceutical scientists, including industrial pharmacists, analytical scientists, health care professionals and regulatory scientists actively involved in pharmaceutical products and process development of tailor-made polysaccharides in drug delivery applications. Recently, there have been a number of outstanding nanosystems in nanovesicular carrier-forms (such as nanoemulsions, self-nanoemulsifying systems, nanoliposomes, nanotransferosomes, etc.), that have been researched and developed for efficient drug delivery by many formulators, researchers and scientists. However, no previously published books have covered all these drug delivery nanovesicles collectively in a single resource. Provides thorough insights and up-to-date discussions about the various systems of nanovesicular drug delivery Covers advanced trigger-assisted systems (such as iontophoresis, ultra-sound triggering, etc.) and how they have been used for improved drug delivery by nanovesicles Presents recent advances in drug delivery fields by global leaders and experts from academia, research, industry and regulatory agencies Includes an updated literature review of relevant key topics, good quality illustrations, chemical structures, attractive flow charts and well-organized tables

Crohn s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis

Crohn s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis Book
Author : Daniel C. Baumgart
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-03-01
ISBN : 3319337033
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new edition is a unique combined resource for physicians and scientists addressing the needs of both groups. In addition to stimulating exchange and collaboration and shortening the path between discovery and application of new knowledge, the book helps clinicians understand new therapeutic concepts from their origins. The volume serves as a comprehensive guide to the current diagnostic modalities, including enhanced imaging techniques such as MRI and CT enterography, virtual colonoscopy, ultrasound, and endomicroscopy, as well as conventional and complex immunomodulatory principles. The latest edition also includes revised chapters from the previous edition, as well as new chapters reflecting current developments in the field. Written by experts in their field, Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis: From Epidemiology and Immunobiology to a Rational Diagnostic and Therapeutic Approach, Second Edition is of great value to gastroenterologists, surgeons, internists, pediatricians and gynecologists trainees, as well as all those involved in Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, and related autoimmune disorders.

The Gut Brain Axis

The Gut Brain Axis Book
Author : Niall Hyland,Catherine Stanton
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-05-13
ISBN : 0128025441
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Gut-Brain Axis: Dietary, Probiotic, and Prebiotic Interventions on the Microbiota examines the potential for microbial manipulation as a therapeutic avenue in central nervous system disorders in which an altered microbiota has been implicated, and explores the mechanisms, sometimes common, by which the microbiota may contribute to such disorders. Focuses on specific areas in which the microbiota has been implicated in gut-brain communication Examines common mechanisms and pathways by which the microbiota may influence brain and behavior Identifies novel therapeutic strategies targeted toward the microbiota in the management of brain activity and behavior

NAFLD and NASH

NAFLD and NASH Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 9783030371753
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the diagnosis and management of Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) and Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatis (NASH). Basic principles of disease progression, the genetic and nutritional basis of NAFLD and NASH are explained along with the proteomic principles underlying biomarker development. Chapters cover both biochemical and imaging biomarkers used in elastrography and ultrasound and discuss how these are applicable to early diagnosis and monitoring of NASH and NAFLD. This is a useful resource for hepatologists, primary care providers with an interest in metabolic disease, diabetologists and endocrinologists in their daily clinical practice.

Advances in Integrative Dermatology

Advances in Integrative Dermatology Book
Author : Katlein França,Torello Lotti
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-04-01
ISBN : 1119476046
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An authoritative overview of contemporary approaches to integrative skin health The popularity of integrative medical treatment of skin disorders has increased significantly in recent years—requiring practicing clinicians to keep pace with continuingdevelopments in dermatological research and methods. Advances in Integrative Dermatology offers a comprehensive survey of this dynamic field, providing up-to-date information on both preventative and therapeutic approaches to skin health. Combining clinical medicine with complimentary treatment plans, integrative dermatology provides an innovative perspective to individual patient care. This essential text explores new research in areas including the effects of stress and pollution on the skin, the importance of high-quality sleep, complementary methods of averting skin conditions, and more. Recognizing the impact skin disorders have on physiological, psychological, and emotional health, editors Katlein França and Torello Lotti illustrate key components of inclusive skin health strategies, such as therapeutic diets and nutritional supplements, topical botanicals, and other complementary therapies. Filling a significant gap in current literature on integrative dermatology, this valuable resource: Answers the common questions asked by patients in real-world dermatology practices Addresses pervasive misconceptions of integrative dermatological methods and principles with evidence-based review of current practices Examines contemporary research in the diagnosis and treatment of dermatological disorders Presents comprehensive treatment options for a wide range of conditions such as rosacea, melanoma, and psoriasis Advances in Integrative Dermatology is an indispensable volume for physicians seeking to incorporate holistic techniques into their practices, expand their knowledge of integrative medicine, and provide the best possible care for their patients.

Epithelial Transport and Barrier Function

Epithelial Transport and Barrier Function Book
Author : Jörg-Dieter Schulzke,Michael Fromm,Ernst-Otto Riecken,Henry J. Binder
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The intestinal epithelium has to perform two opposing tasks: it must facilitate absorption and secretion of solutes and water; but still provide a defense against unwanted uptake or loss of solutes, water and noxious agents. The papers in this volume discuss both functions as they interact in health and in disease. They focus on new regulative pathways and properties of solute transporters; and the molecular basis of the barrier-forming paracellular structures and models for studying disturbed transport and barrier properties. Special attention is given to mechanisms of diarrhoea caused by enterotoxins or by inflammatory bowel diseases.

Inflammation Infection and Microbiome in Cancers

Inflammation  Infection  and Microbiome in Cancers Book
Author : Jun Sun
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-04-20
ISBN : 3030679519
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a summary and discussion of the advances of inflammation and infection in various cancers. The authors cover the classically known virus infections in cancer, novel roles of other pathogens (e.g. bacteria and fungi), as well as biomarkers for diagnosis and therapy. Further, the chapters highlight the progress of immune therapy, stem cells and the role of the microbiome in the pathophysiology of cancers. Readers will gain insights into complex microbial communities, that inhabit most external human surfaces and play a key role in health and disease. Perturbations of host-microbe interactions often lead to altered host responses that can promote cancer development. Thus, this book highlights emerging roles of the microbiome in pathogenesis of cancers and outcome of therapy. The focus is on mechanistic concepts that underlie the complex relationships between host and microbes. Approaches that can inhibit infection, suppress chronic inflammation and reverse the dysbiosis are discussed, as a means for restoring the balance between host and microbes. This comprehensive work will be beneficial to researchers and students interested in infectious diseases, microbiome, and cancer as well as clinicians and general physiologists.

Human Microbiota in Health and Disease

Human Microbiota in Health and Disease Book
Author : Bryan Tungland
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-05-25
ISBN : 0128146508
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Gut Microbiota in Health and Disease: From Pathogenesis to Therapy is a comprehensive discussion on all the aspects associated with the early colonization of gut microbiota, its development and maintenance, and its symbiotic relationship with the host in promoting health. Chapters illustrate the complex mechanisms and metabolic signaling pathways related to how the gut microbiota maintain proper regulation of glucose, lipid and energy homeostasis and immune response, all while mediating inflammatory processes involved in the etiology of many chronic disease conditions. With today's common use of pharmaceutical medicine in treating symptoms and frequent overuse of antibiotics in chronic disease within mainstream medical practice, our understanding of the etiological mechanisms of dysbiosis-induced chronic disease and natural approaches to prevention and potential cures for these diseases is of vital importance to overall human health. Details the complex relationship between human microbiota in the gut, oral cavity and skin as well as their colonization, development and impact of factors that influence the relationship Illustrates the mechanisms associated with dysbiosis-associated inflammation and its role in the onset and progression in chronic disease Provides the primary mechanisms and comprehensive scientific evidence for the use of dietary modification and pro- and prebiotics in preventing chronic disease

Nutrition and Infectious Diseases

Nutrition and Infectious Diseases Book
Author : Debbie L. Humphries,Marilyn E. Scott,Sten H. Vermund
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-10
ISBN : 3030569136
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive and user-friendly volume focuses on the intersection between the fields of nutrition and infectious disease. It highlights the importance of nutritional status in infectious disease outcomes, and the need to recognize the role that nutrition plays in altering the risk of exposure and susceptibility to infection, the severity of the disease, and the effectiveness of treatment. Split into four parts, section one begins with a conceptual model linking nutritional status and infectious diseases, followed by primers on nutrition and immune function, that can serve as resources for students, researchers and practitioners. Section two provides accessible overviews of major categories of pathogens and is intended to be used as antecedents of pathogen-focused subsequent chapters, as well as to serve as discrete educational resources for students, researchers, and practitioners. The third section includes five in-depth case studies on specific infectious diseases where nutrition-infection interactions have been extensively explored: diarrheal and enteric disease, HIV and tuberculosis, arboviruses, malaria, and soil-transmitted helminths. The final section addresses cross-cutting topics such as drug-nutrient interactions, co-infections, and nutrition, infection, and climate change and then concludes by consolidating relevant clinical and public health approaches to addressing infection in the context of nutrition, and thus providing a sharp focus on the clinical relevance of the intersection between nutrition and infection Written by experts in the field, Nutrition and Infectious Diseases will be a go to resource and guide for immunologists, clinical pathologists, sociologists, epidemiologists, nutritionists, and all health care professionals managing and treating patients with infectious diseases.

A Comprehensive Overview of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

A Comprehensive Overview of Irritable Bowel Syndrome Book
Author : Jakub Fichna
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-07-15
ISBN : 0128213256
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A Comprehensive Overview of Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Clinical and Basic Science Aspects presents up-to-date knowledge in the field and provides a comprehensive summary of this area of study, including an overview on IBS, starting from its pathogenesis, including genetic, microbial and physiological background, through symptom recognition, diagnosis and IBS treatment, both non-pharmacological and pharmacological. Compiles the most recent and comprehensive findings in pharmacological targets Highlights the role of extrinsic and intrinsic factors involved in disease development Written by leading researchers in the field of Irritable Bowel Syndrome to address research challenges in the field Includes bonus information on symptom recognition and diagnosis