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Interpreting Subsurface Seismic Data

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Interpreting Subsurface Seismic Data

Interpreting Subsurface Seismic Data Book
Author : Rebecca Bell,David Iacopini,Mark Vardy
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-03-15
ISBN : 9780128185629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Interpreting Subsurface Seismic Data presents recent advances in methodologies for seismic imaging and interpretation across multiple applications in geophysics including exploration, marine geology, and hazards. It provides foundational information for context, as well as focussing on recent advances and future challenges. It offers detailed methodologies for interpreting the increasingly vast quantity of data extracted from seismic volumes. Organized into three parts covering foundational context, case studies, and future considerations, Interpreting Subsurface Seismic Data offers a holistic view of seismic data interpretation to ensure understanding while also applying cutting-edge technologies. This view makes the book valuable to researchers and students in a variety of geoscience disciplines, including geophysics, hydrocarbon exploration, applied geology, and hazards. Presents advanced seismic detection workflows utilized cutting-edge technologies Integrates geophysics and geology for a variety of applications, using detailed examples Provides an overview of recent advances in methodologies related to seismic imaging and interpretation

Improved Seismic Stratigraphic Interpretation of Carbonates Using Outcrop Data

Improved Seismic Stratigraphic Interpretation of Carbonates Using Outcrop Data Book
Author : Anne Marie Schwab,University of Aberdeen
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Improved Seismic Stratigraphic Interpretation of Carbonates Using Outcrop Data book written by Anne Marie Schwab,University of Aberdeen, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Interpretation of Three dimensional Seismic Data

Interpretation of Three dimensional Seismic Data Book
Author : Alistair R. Brown
Publisher : Amer Assn of Petroleum Geologists
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Interpretation of Three dimensional Seismic Data book written by Alistair R. Brown, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Interpreting Seismic Data

Interpreting Seismic Data Book
Author : J. A. Coffeen
Publisher : Pennwell Corporation
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a training manual for geophysicists.

A Seismic Reflection Velocity Study of a Mississippian Mud mound in the Illinois Basin

A Seismic Reflection Velocity Study of a Mississippian Mud mound in the Illinois Basin Book
Author : Chamila Kumari Ranaweera
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Two mud-mounds have been reported in the Ullin limestone near, but not in, the Aden oil field in Hamilton County, Illinois. One mud-mound is in the Broughton oil field of Hamilton County 25 miles to the south of Aden. The second mud-mound is in the Johnsonville oil field in Wayne County 20 miles to the north of Aden. Seismic reflection profiles were shot in 2012 adjacent to the Aden oil field to evaluate the oil prospects and to investigate the possibility of detecting Mississippian mud-mounds near the Aden field. A feature on one of the seismic profiles was interpreted to be a mud-mound or carbonate buildup. A well drilled at the location of this interpreted structure provided digital geophysical logs and geological logs used to refine the interpretation of the seismic profiles. Geological data from the new well at Aden, in the form of drill cuttings, have been used to essentially confirm the existence of a mud-mound in the Ullin limestone at a depth of 4300 feet. Geophysical well logs from the new well near Aden were used to create 1-D computer models and synthetic seismograms for comparison to the seismic data. The reflection seismic method is widely used to aid interpreting subsurface geology. Processing seismic data is an important step in the method as a properly processed seismic section can give a better image of the subsurface geology whereas a poorly processed section could mislead the interpretation. Seismic reflections will be more accurately depicted with careful determination of seismic velocities and by carefully choosing the processing steps and parameters. Various data processing steps have been applied and parameters refined to produce improved stacked seismic records. The resulting seismic records from the Aden field area indicate a seismic response similar to what is expected from a carbonate mud-mound. One-dimensional synthetic seismograms were created using the available sonic and density logs from the well drilled near the Aden seismic lines. The 1-D synthetics were used by Cory Cantrell of Royal Drilling and Producing Company to identify various reflections on the seismic records. Seismic data was compared with the modeled synthetic seismograms to identify what appears to be a carbonate mud-mound within the Aden study area. No mud-mounds have been previously found in the Aden oil field. Average and interval velocities obtained from the geophysical logs from the wells drilled in the Aden area was compared with the same type of well velocities from the Broughton known mud-mound area to observe the significance of velocity variation related to the un-known mud-mound in the Aden study area. The results of the velocity study shows a similar trends in the wells from both areas and are higher at the bottom of the wells. Another approach was used to observe the variation of root mean square velocities calculated from the sonic log from the well velocity from the Aden area and the stacking velocities obtained from the seismic data adjacent to the well.

Seismic Data Interpretation and Evaluation for Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production

Seismic Data Interpretation and Evaluation for Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production Book
Author : Niranjan C. Nanda
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 3030753018
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is meant for geoscientists and engineers who are beginners, and introduces them to the field of seismic data interpretation and evaluation. The exquisite seismic illustrations and real case examples interspersed in the text help the readers appreciate the interpretation of seismic data in a simple way, and at the same time, emphasize the multidisciplinary, integrated practical approach to data evaluation. A concerted effort has been made for the readers to realize that mindless interpretation of seismic data using sophisticated software packages, without having a grasp on the elementary principles of geology and geophysics, and coupled with their over-reliance on workstations to provide solutions can have appalling results all too very often.

Seismic Data Interpretation Using Digital Image Processing

Seismic Data Interpretation Using Digital Image Processing Book
Author : Abdullatif A. Al-Shuhail,Saleh A. Al-Dossary,Wail A. Mousa
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-08-14
ISBN : 1118881788
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bridging the gap between modern image processing practices by the scientific community at large and the world of geology and reflection seismology This book covers the basics of seismic exploration, with a focus on image processing techniques as applied to seismic data. Discussions of theories, concepts, and algorithms are followed by synthetic and real data examples to provide the reader with a practical understanding of the image processing technique and to enable the reader to apply these techniques to seismic data. The book will also help readers interested in devising new algorithms, software and hardware for interpreting seismic data. Key Features: Provides an easy to understand overview of popular seismic processing and interpretation techniques from the point of view of a digital signal processor. Presents image processing concepts that may be readily applied directly to seismic data. Includes ready-to-run MATLAB algorithms for most of the techniques presented. The book includes essential research and teaching material for digital signal and image processing individuals interested in learning seismic data interpretation from the point of view of digital signal processing. It is an ideal resource for students, professors and working professionals who are interested in learning about the application of digital signal processing theory and algorithms to seismic data.

Land Seismic Case Studies for Near Surface Modeling and Subsurface Imaging

Land Seismic Case Studies for Near Surface Modeling and Subsurface Imaging Book
Author : Öz Yilmaz
Publisher : SEG Books
Release : 2021-06-30
ISBN : 1560803800
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written for practicing geophysicists, “Land Seismic Case Studies for Near-Surface Modeling and Subsurface Imaging” is a comprehensive guide to understanding and interpreting seismic data. The culmination of land seismic data acquisition and processing projects conducted by the author over the last two decades, this book contains more than nearly 800 figures from worldwide case studies—conducted in both 2D and 3D. Beginning with Chapter 1 on seismic characterization of the near-surface, Chapter 2 presents near-surface modeling by traveltime and full-wave inversion, Chapter 3 presents near-surface modeling by imaging, and then Chapter 4 includes detailed case studies for near-surface modeling. Chapter 5 reviews single- and multichannel signal processing of land seismic data with the key objective of removing surface waves and guided waves that are characterized as coherent linear noise. Uncommon seismic data acquisition methods, including large-offset acquisition in thrust belts to capture the large-amplitude supercritical reflections, swath-line acquisition, and joint PP and SH- SH seismic imaging are highlighted in Chapter 6, and Chapter 7 presents image-based rms velocity estimation and discusses the problem of velocity uncertainty. The final two chapters focus exclusively on case studies: 2D in Chapter 8 and 3D in Chapter 9. An outstanding teaching tool, this book includes analysis workflows containing processing steps designed to solve specific problems. Essential for anyone involved in acquisition, processing, and inversion of seismic data, this volume will become the definitive reference for understanding how the variables in seismic acquisition are directly reflected in the data.

Seismic Interpretation a Practical Approach

Seismic Interpretation   a Practical Approach Book
Author : Irving
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2014-07-25
ISBN : 9781119954064
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Seismic Interpretation a Practical Approach book written by Irving, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Art and Science of Seismic Interpretation

The Art and Science of Seismic Interpretation Book
Author : Christopher L. Liner,T. A. (Mac) McGilvery
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-14
ISBN : 3030039986
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book demystifies that art and science of seismic interpretation for those with and without formal geophysical training. From geologists to managers and investors, The Art and Science of Seismic Interpretation is a guide to what seismic data is, how it is interpreted, and what it can deliver.

First Steps in Seismic Interpretation

First Steps in Seismic Interpretation Book
Author : Donald A. Herron,Rebecca B. Latimer
Publisher : SEG Books
Release : 2011
ISBN : 1560802804
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download First Steps in Seismic Interpretation book written by Donald A. Herron,Rebecca B. Latimer, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

3 D Seismic Interpretation

3 D Seismic Interpretation Book
Author : M. Bacon,R. Simm,T. Redshaw
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2007-10-18
ISBN : 1107268702
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

3-D seismic data have become the key tool used in the petroleum industry to understand the subsurface. In addition to providing excellent structural images, the dense sampling of a 3-D survey makes it possible to map reservoir quality and the distribution of oil and gas. Topics covered in this book include basic structural interpretation and map-making; the use of 3-D visualisation methods; interpretation of seismic amplitudes, including their relation to rock and fluid properties; and the generation and use of AVO and acoustic impedance datasets. This new paperback edition includes an extra appendix presenting new material on novel acquisition design, pore pressure prediction from seismic velocity, elastic impedance inversion, and time lapse seismics. Written by professional geophysicists with many years' experience in the oil industry, the book is indispensable for geoscientists using 3-D seismic data, including graduate students and new entrants into the petroleum industry.

Meta Attributes in Seismic Interpretation

Meta Attributes in Seismic Interpretation Book
Author : Sain
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-08-13
ISBN : 9781119482000
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Meta Attributes in Seismic Interpretation book written by Sain, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Applied Subsurface Geological Mapping with Structural Methods

Applied Subsurface Geological Mapping with Structural Methods Book
Author : Daniel J. Tearpock,Richard E. Bischke
Publisher : Pearson Education
Release : 2002-08-16
ISBN : 0132441683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applied Subsurface Geological Mapping, With Structural Methods, 2nd Edition is the practical, up-to-the-minute guide to the use of subsurface interpretation, mapping, and structural techniques in the search for oil and gas resources. Two of the industry's leading consultants present systematic coverage of the field's key principles and newest advances, offering guidance that is valuable for both exploration and development activities, as well as for "detailed" projects in maturely developed areas. Fully updated and expanded, this edition combines extensive information from the published literature with significant material never before published. The authors introduce superior techniques for every major petroleum-related tectonic setting in the world. Coverage includes: A systematic, ten-step philosophy for subsurface interpretation and mapping The latest computer-based contouring concepts and applications Advanced manual and computer-based log correlation Integration of geophysical data into subsurface interpretations and mapping Cross-section construction: structural, stratigraphic, and problem-solving Interpretation and generation of valid fault, structure, and isochore maps New coverage of 3D seismic interpretation, from project setup through documentation Compressional and extensional structures: balancing and interpretation In-depth new coverage of strike-slip faulting and related structures Growth and correlation consistency techniques: expansion indices, Multiple Bischke Plot Analysis, vertical separation versus depth, and more Numerous field examples from around the world Whatever your role in the adventure of finding and developing oil or gas resources–as a geologist, geophysicist, engineer, technologist, manager or investor–the tools presented in this book can make you significantly more effective in your daily technical or decision-oriented activities.

3 D Seismic Interpretation

3 D Seismic Interpretation Book
Author : Bruce S. Hart
Publisher : Sepm Society for Sedimentary
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

3-D seismic technology is spreading out beyond the domain of the petroleum industry. The environmental and mining industries and academic groups are collecting and interpreting 3-D seismic data. Increasing numbers of geologists (often with little or no geophysical training) are being exposed to the technology, or results derived therefrom. Despite this interest, there are few opportunities for the practicing geologists (or engineer) to become acquainted with 3-D seismic technology at the appropriate level. This course is an attempt to fill that gap.

Quantitative Seismic Interpretation

Quantitative Seismic Interpretation Book
Author : Per Avseth,Tapan Mukerji,Gary Mavko
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010-06-10
ISBN : 1107320275
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Quantitative Seismic Interpretation demonstrates how rock physics can be applied to predict reservoir parameters, such as lithologies and pore fluids, from seismically derived attributes. The authors provide an integrated methodology and practical tools for quantitative interpretation, uncertainty assessment, and characterization of subsurface reservoirs using well-log and seismic data. They illustrate the advantages of these new methodologies, while providing advice about limitations of the methods and traditional pitfalls. This book is aimed at graduate students, academics and industry professionals working in the areas of petroleum geoscience and exploration seismology. It will also interest environmental geophysicists seeking a quantitative subsurface characterization from shallow seismic data. The book includes problem sets and a case-study, for which seismic and well-log data, and Matlab codes are provided on a website (http://www.cambridge.org/9780521816014). These resources will allow readers to gain a hands-on understanding of the methodologies.

Seismic Interpretation a Practical Approach

Seismic Interpretation   a Practical Approach Book
Author : Duncan Irving
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2013-10-25
ISBN : 9781119954071
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reflection seismic images are the richest source of information about the Earth’s subsurface. Interpreting the increasingly detailed and voluminous datasets available from sedimentary basins around the world requires sophisticated and rapidly developing software tools on now widely available hardware platforms. In contrast to days gone by when interpretation was done using pencils and paper, workstation approaches to seismic interpretation have introduced a complex layer of technologies between the seismic data and the interpreter. This book provides a guide to modern seismic interpretation techniques and applications, considering a variety of data types and applications in various basin contexts and environments. In this book the authors show how to load, view, interact with and interpret both 2D and 3D seismic reflection data and associated datasets (e.g. well data, culture data). Clearly structures throughout, a methodology is presented that will stand students and industry users in good stead, either as a first–time primer or ongoing practical reference guide. The book opens with an outline of how seismic reflection data are acquired and processed, and introduces the key link between geophysics and geology; seismic stratigraphy and seismic facies analysis. Two further sections consider how seismic interpretation can be applied to understand the structure and fill of a range of structures, basin types, depositional settings and fluids, and discuss the key factors a seismic interpreter should consider when presenting their results in an industrial setting.

Seismic Stratigraphy Basin Analysis and Reservoir Characterisation

Seismic Stratigraphy  Basin Analysis and Reservoir Characterisation Book
Author : P.C.H. Veeken
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-11-13
ISBN : 9780080466309
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The interest in seismic stratigraphic techniques to interpret reflection datasets is well established. The advent of sophisticated subsurface reservoir studies and 4D monitoring, for optimising the hydrocarbon production in existing fields, does demonstrate the importance of the 3D seismic methodology. The added value of reflection seismics to the petroleum industry has clearly been proven over the last decades. Seismic profiles and 3D cubes form a vast and robust data source to unravel the structure of the subsurface. It gets nowadays exploited in ever greater detail. Larger offsets and velocity anisotropy effects give for instance access to more details on reservoir flow properties like fracture density, porosity and permeability distribution, Elastic inversion and modelling may tell something about the change in petrophysical parameters. Seismic investigations provide a vital tool for the delineation of subtle hydrocarbon traps. They are the basis for understanding the regional basin framework and the stratigraphic subdivision. Seismic stratigraphy combines two very different scales of observation: the seismic and well-control. The systematic approach applied in seismic stratigraphy explains why many workers are using the principles to evaluate their seismic observations. The here presented modern geophysical techniques allow more accurate prediction of the changes in subsurface geology. Dynamics of sedimentary environments are discussed with its relation to global controling factors and a link is made to high-resolution sequence stratigraphy. ‘Seismic Stratigraphy Basin Analysis and Reservoir Characterisation’ summarizes basic seismic interpretation techniques and demonstrates the benefits of intergrated reservoir studies for hydrocarbon exploration. Topics are presented from a practical point of view and are supported by well-illustrated case histories. The reader (student as well as professional geophysicists, geologists and reservoir engineers) is taken from a basic level to more advanced study techniques. * Overview reflection seismic methods and its limitations. * Link between basic seismic stratigraphic principles and high resolution sequence stratigraphy. * Description of various techniques for seismic reservoir characterization and synthetic modelling. * Overview nversion techniques, AVO and seismic attributes analysis.

Springer Handbook of Petroleum Technology

Springer Handbook of Petroleum Technology Book
Author : Chang Samuel Hsu,Paul R. Robinson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-12-20
ISBN : 3319493477
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook provides a comprehensive but concise reference resource for the vast field of petroleum technology. Built on the successful book "Practical Advances in Petroleum Processing" published in 2006, it has been extensively revised and expanded to include upstream technologies. The book is divided into four parts: The first part on petroleum characterization offers an in-depth review of the chemical composition and physical properties of petroleum, which determine the possible uses and the quality of the products. The second part provides a brief overview of petroleum geology and upstream practices. The third part exhaustively discusses established and emerging refining technologies from a practical perspective, while the final part describes the production of various refining products, including fuels and lubricants, as well as petrochemicals, such as olefins and polymers. It also covers process automation and real-time refinery-wide process optimization. Two key chapters provide an integrated view of petroleum technology, including environmental and safety issues.Written by international experts from academia, industry and research institutions, including integrated oil companies, catalyst suppliers, licensors, and consultants, it is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students as well as practitioners and professionals.