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Interfacial And Confined Water

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Interfacial and Confined Water

Interfacial and Confined Water Book
Author : Ivan Brovchenko,Alla Oleinikova
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-06-03
ISBN : 9780080558172
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water in the proximity of a surface (interfacial water) is abundant on the earth. It is involved in various physical and chemical processes and crucial for biological function. Despite numerous studies of interfacial water, systematic analysis of its properties is missing in scientific literature. This book is a first comprehensive review of experimental and simulation studies of water in various confining environments, such as hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces, surfaces of biomolecules, porous media, etc. Systematic analysis of interfacial and confined water is based on the firm physical ground, which accounts for variety of the thermodynamic states of water near the surface, surface phase transitions, surface critical behaviour, effect of confinement on the bulk and surface phase transitions of water, clustering and formation of a spanning hydrogen-bonded water network via percolation transition. This allows distinguishing between universal features, common for all fluids, and some specific water properties, related to intermolecular hydrogen bonds. Special attention is paid to the properties of hydration water, which covers biomolecules and enables their biological activity. This book provides readers with basic information on interfacial and confined water, which will be useful for scientists and engineers working in the fields of bioscienses, nanociences and nanotechnologies. * Comprehensive review and analysis of interfacial and confined water * Updates and informs practitioners and students on all the latest developments in the field * Written by leading scholars and industry experts

Interfacial Dynamics

Interfacial Dynamics Book
Author : Nikola Kallay
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-01-03
ISBN : 9780824700065
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An examination of the theoretical foundations of the kinetics and thermodynamics of solid-liquid interfaces, as well as state-of-the-art industrial applications, this book presents information on surface and colloidal chemical processes and evaluates vital analytical tools such as atomic force microscopy, surface force apparatus measurements, and photon correlation spectroscopy.

Water in Biology Chemistry and Physics

Water in Biology  Chemistry  and Physics Book
Author : G. Wilse Robinson
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1996
ISBN : 9789810224516
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The central theme, which threads through the entire book, concerns computational modeling methods for water. Modeling results for pure liquid water, water near ions, water at interfaces, water in biological microsystems, and water under other types of perturbations such as laser fields are described. Connections are made throughout the book with statistical mechanical theoretical methods on the one hand and with experimental data on the other. The book is expected to be useful not only for theorists and computer analysts interested in the physical, chemical, biological and geophysical aspects of water, but also for experimentalists in these fields.

Water at Interfaces

Water at Interfaces Book
Author : Jordi Fraxedas
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-04-15
ISBN : 1439861056
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water, with its simple molecular structure, reveals a complex nature upon interaction with other molecules and surfaces. Water at Interfaces: A Molecular Approach provides a broad, multidisciplinary introduction to water at interfaces, focusing on its molecular characteristics. The book considers interfaces at different length scales from single water molecules to involvement of large numbers of water molecules, and from one-dimensional to three-dimensional interfaces. It begins with individual water molecules, describing their basic properties and the fundamental concepts that form the basis of this book. The text explores the main interfaces involving pure and ion-free condensed (liquid and solid) water, including water vapor/liquid water, liquid/oil, and liquid/solid interfaces. It examines water molecules on ideal surfaces—well-ordered (crystalline) and defect-free—covering topics such as electronic structure using frontier orbitals and substrate-induced structuring. The book discusses the affinity of water to surfaces, hydrophobicity and hydrophilicity, emphasizing two extreme cases of affinity. It then addresses real solid surfaces where water/solid interfaces play a key role in actual working conditions, examining water purification, photocatalytic activity, corrosion and degradation, and atmospheric agents. The final chapter deals with the interaction of water with the heterogeneous and complex surfaces of biomolecules, which can both influence the structure of the surrounding water and be modulated by the surrounding liquid. The author discusses simple to more complex biomolecules from peptides to proteins, nucleic acids, and membranes.

Structures and Dynamics of Interfacial Water

Structures and Dynamics of Interfacial Water Book
Author : Fujie Tang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-20
ISBN : 9811389659
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the study of the interfacial water using molecular dynamics simulation and experimental sum frequency generation spectroscopy. It proposes a new definition of the free O-H groups at water-air interface and presents research on the structure and dynamics of these groups. Furthermore, it discusses the exponential decay nature of the orientation distribution of the free O-H groups of interfacial water and ascribes the origin of the down pointing free O-H groups to the presence of capillary waves on the surface. It also describes how, based on this new definition, a maximum surface H-bond density of around 200 K at ice surface was found, as the maximum results from two competing effects. Lastly, the book discusses the absorption of water molecules at the water–TiO2 interface. Providing insights into the combination of molecular dynamics simulation and experimental sum frequency generation spectroscopy, it is a valuable resource for researchers in the field.

First virtual Bilateral Conference on Functional Materials BiC FM

First virtual Bilateral Conference on Functional Materials  BiC FM  Book
Author : Daria Kopylova
Publisher : Aegitas
Release : 2020-12-18
ISBN : 0369404491
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download First virtual Bilateral Conference on Functional Materials BiC FM book written by Daria Kopylova, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Convergence of Terahertz Sciences in Biomedical Systems

Convergence of Terahertz Sciences in Biomedical Systems Book
Author : Gun-Sik Park,Yong Hyup Kim,Haewook Han,Joon Koo Han,Jaewook Ahn,Joo-Hiuk Son,Woong-Yang Park,Young Uk Jeong
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-10-19
ISBN : 9400739656
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent technological breakthrough in the field of Terahertz radiation has triggered new applications in biology and biomedicine. Particularly, biological applications are based on the specific spectroscopic fingerprints of biological matter in this spectral region. Historically with the discovery of new electromagnetic wave spectrum, we have always discovered new medical diagnostic imaging systems. The use of terahertz wave was not realized due to the absence of useful terahertz sources. Now after successful generation of THz waves, it is reported that a great potential for THz wave exists for its resonance with bio-molecules. There are many challenging issues such as development of THz passive and active instrumentations, understanding of THz-Bio interaction for THz spectroscopy, THz-Bio nonlinear phenomena and safety guideline, and THz imaging systems. Eventually the deeper understanding of THz-Bio interaction and novel THz systems enable us to develop powerful THz biomedical imaging systems which can contribute to biomedical industry. This is a truly interdisciplinary field and convergence technology where the communication between different disciplines is the most challenging issue for the success of the great works. One of the first steps to promote the communications in this convergence technology would be teaching the basics of these different fields to the researchers in a plain language with the help of Convergence of Terahertz Science in Biomedical Systems which is considered to be 3-4th year college students or beginning level of graduate students. Therefore, this type of book can be used by many people who want to enter or understand this field. Even more it can be used for teaching in universities or research institutions.

Nanomaterials Design and Simulation

Nanomaterials  Design and Simulation Book
Author : Perla Balbuena,Jorge M. Seminario
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-11-02
ISBN : 9780080466835
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past few decades, several approaches have been developed for designing nano-structured or molecularly-structured materials. These advances have revolutionized practically all fields of science and engineering, providing an additional design variable, the feature size of the nano-structures, which can be tailored to provide new materials with very special characteristics. Nanomaterials: Design and Simulation explores the role that such advances have made toward a rational design of nanostructures and covers a variety of methods from ab initio electronic structure techniques, ab initio molecular dynamics, to classical molecular dynamics, also being complemented by coarse-graining and continuum methods. Also included is an overview of how the development of these computational tools has enabled the possibility of exploring nanoscopic details and using such information for the prediction of physical and chemical properties that are not always possible to be obtained experimentally. * Provides an overview of approaches that have been developed for designing nano-structured or molecularly-structured materials. * This volume covers several aspects of the simulation and design of nanomaterials analyzed by a selected group of active researchers in the field. * Looks at how the advancement of computational tools have enabled nanoscopic prediction of physical and chemical properties

Rheology and Dynamics of Simple and Complex Liquids in Mesoporous Matrices

Rheology and Dynamics of Simple and Complex Liquids in Mesoporous Matrices Book
Author : Simon Gruner
Publisher : Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
Release : 2010
ISBN : 3832525963
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Subject of my thesis is a study of rheologic and dynamic properties of fluids confined in an isotropic pore network with pore radii of approx. 5nm embedded in a monolithic silica matrix (porous Vycor). The experimental technique bases on the capillary rise of a wetting liquid in a porous substrate, also known as spontaneous imbibition. A crucial part of the conducted experiments centers on the increasing relevance of the liquid-substrate interface in the mesopore confinement. Detailed analyses of the measurements carried out with water, silicon oils, and a series of hydrocarbons result in precise information on the boundary conditions expressed in terms of the velocity slip length. Systematic variations of the chain-length of the used hydrocarbons also allow for an assessment of the influence of the shape of the liquid's building blocks on the nanoscopic flow behavior. Supplemental forced throughput experiments additionally address the impact of the liquid-substrate interaction. Furthermore, the influences of spatial confinement on the surface freezing transition of the linear hydrocarbon n-tetracosane as well as on the mesophase transitions of the liquid crystal 8OCB are investigated. Finally, a third, more general study focuses on the kinetics of the invasion front, which is supposed to be influenced significantly by the random environment of the pore space considered.

Small Angle Scattering from Confined and Interfacial Fluids

Small Angle Scattering from Confined and Interfacial Fluids Book
Author : Yuri B. Melnichenko
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-09-28
ISBN : 3319011049
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines the meso- and nanoscopic aspects of fluid adsorption in porous solids using a non-invasive method of small angle neutron scattering (SANS) and small angle x-ray scattering (SAXS). Starting with a brief summary of the basic assumptions and results of the theory of small-angle scattering from porous media, the author focuses on the practical aspects and methodology of the ambient and high pressure SANS and SAXS experiments and corresponding data analysis. It is illustrated with results of studies of the vapor and supercritical fluid adsorption in porous materials published during the last decade, obtained both for man-made materials (e.g. porous fractal silica, Vycor glass, activated carbon) and geological samples (e.g. sandstones, shales and coal). In order to serve the needs of broad readership, the results are presented in the relevant context (e.g. petroleum exploration, anthropogenic carbon capture and sequestration, ion adsorption in supercapacitors, hydrogen storage, etc.).

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Studies of Interfacial Phenomena

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Studies of Interfacial Phenomena Book
Author : Vladimir M. Gun'ko,Vladimir V. Turov
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-04-08
ISBN : 9781466551688
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Properties and applications of high surface area materials depend on interfacial phenomena, including diffusion, sorption, dissolution, solvation, surface reactions, catalysis, and phase transitions. Among the physicochemical methods that give useful information regarding these complex phenomena, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is the most universal, yielding detailed structural data regarding molecules, solids, and interfaces. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Studies of Interfacial Phenomena summarizes NMR research results collected over the past three decades for a wide range of materials—from nanomaterials and nanocomposites to biomaterials, cells, tissues, and seeds. This book describes the applications of important new NMR spectroscopic methods to a variety of useful materials and compares them with results from other techniques such as adsorption, differential scanning calorimetry, thermally stimulated depolarization current, dielectric relaxation spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, optical microscopy, and small-angle and wide-angle x-ray scattering. The text explores the application of NMR spectroscopy to examine interfacial phenomena in objects of increasing complexity, beginning with unmodified and modified silica materials. It then describes properties of various mixed oxides with comparisons to individual oxides and also describes carbon materials such as graphite and carbon nanotubes. Chapters deal with carbon–mineral hybrids and their mosaic surface structures, and interfacial phenomena at the surface of natural and synthetics polymers. They also explore a variety of biosystems, which are much more complex, including biomacromolecules (proteins, DNA, and lipids), cells and tissues, and seeds and herbs. The authors cover trends in interfacial phenomena investigations, and the final chapter describes NMR and other methods used in the book. This text presents a comprehensive description of a large array of hard and soft materials, allowing the analysis of the structure–property relationships and generalities on the interfacial behavior of materials and adsorbates.

Handbook of Low Level Laser Therapy

Handbook of Low Level Laser Therapy Book
Author : Michael R. Hamblin,Tanupriya Agrawal,Marcelo de Sousa
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-10-14
ISBN : 1315341174
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) also known as photobiomodulation is almost 50 years old, and recently has been getting increasing acceptance from the scientific, medical, and veterinary communities. Discoveries are constantly being made about the cellular and molecular mechanisms of action, the range of diseases that can be treated is also rising, and home use LED devices are becoming common. This book compiles cutting-edge contributions from the world’s leading experts in Photobiomodulation and LLLT. Chapters cover general concepts, mechanisms of action, in vitro studies, pre-clinical animal studies, veterinary applications and a wide range of clinical topics. Edited by Michael Hamblin from Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, aided by two prominent researchers (Marcelo Sousa and Tanupriya Agrawal), this book will appeal to anyone involved in the basic science, translational aspects and clinical applications of LLLT.

Physics at the Biomolecular Interface

Physics at the Biomolecular Interface Book
Author : Ariel Fernández
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-05-11
ISBN : 3319308521
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses primarily on the role of interfacial forces in understanding biological phenomena at the molecular scale. By providing a suitable statistical mechanical apparatus to handle the biomolecular interface, the book becomes uniquely positioned to address core problems in molecular biophysics. It highlights the importance of interfacial tension in delineating a solution to the protein folding problem, in unravelling the physico-chemical basis of enzyme catalysis and protein associations, and in rationally designing molecular targeted therapies. Thus grounded in fundamental science, the book develops a powerful technological platform for drug discovery, while it is set to inspire scientists at any level in their careers determined to address the major challenges in molecular biophysics. The acknowledgment of how exquisitely the structure and dynamics of proteins and their aqueous environment are related attests to the overdue recognition that biomolecular phenomena cannot be effectively understood without dealing with interfacial behaviour. There is an urge to grasp how biologically relevant behaviour is shaped by the structuring of biomolecular interfaces and how interfacial tension affects the molecular events that take place in the cell. This book squarely addresses these needs from a physicist perspective. The book may serve as a monograph for practitioners and, alternatively, as an advanced textbook. Fruitful reading requires a background in physical chemistry and some basics in biophysics. The selected problems at the end of the chapters and the progression in conceptual difficulty make it a suitable textbook for a graduate level course or an elective course for seniors majoring in chemistry, physics, biomedical engineering or related disciplines.

Encyclopedia of Interfacial Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Interfacial Chemistry Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-03-29
ISBN : 0128098945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Interfacial Chemistry: Surface Science and Electrochemistry summarizes current, fundamental knowledge of interfacial chemistry, bringing readers the latest developments in the field. As the chemical and physical properties and processes at solid and liquid interfaces are the scientific basis of so many technologies which enhance our lives and create new opportunities, its important to highlight how these technologies enable the design and optimization of functional materials for heterogeneous and electro-catalysts in food production, pollution control, energy conversion and storage, medical applications requiring biocompatibility, drug delivery, and more. This book provides an interdisciplinary view that lies at the intersection of these fields. Presents fundamental knowledge of interfacial chemistry, surface science and electrochemistry and provides cutting-edge research from academics and practitioners across various fields and global regions

Membrane Hydration

Membrane Hydration Book
Author : E. Anibal Disalvo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-10-05
ISBN : 3319190601
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is about the importance of water in determining the structure, stability and responsive behavior of biological membranes. Water confers to lipid membranes unique features in terms of surface and mechanical properties. The analysis of the hydration forces, plasticiser effects, controlled hydration, formation of microdomains of confined water suggests that water is an active constituent in a water-lipid system. The chapters describe water organization at the lipid membrane–water interphase, the water penetration, the long range water structure in the presence of lipid membranes by means of X-ray and neutron scattering, general polarization, fluorescent probes, ATR-FTIR and near infrared spectroscopies, piezo electric methods, computer simulation and surface thermodynamics. Permeation, percolation, osmotic stress, polarization, protrusion, sorption, hydrophobicity, density fluctuations are treated in detail in self-assembled bilayers. Studies in lipid monolayers show the correlation of surface pressure with water activity and its role in peptide and enzyme interactions. The book concludes with a discussion on anhydrobiosis and the effect of water replacement in microdomains and its consequence for cell function. New definitions of lipid/water interphases consider water not only as a structural-making solvent but as a mediator in signalling metabolic activity, modulating protein insertion and enzymatic activity, triggering oscillatory reactions and functioning of membrane bound receptors. Since these effects occur at the molecular level, membrane hydration appears fundamental to understand the behavior of nano systems and confined environments mimicking biological systems. These insights in structural, thermodynamical and mechanical water properties give a base for new paradigms in membrane structure and function for those interested in biophysics, physical chemistry, biology, bio and nano medicine, biochemistry, biotechnology and nano sciences searching for biotechnological inputs in human health, food industry, plant growing and energy conversion.

The Electrodynamics of Water and Ice

The Electrodynamics of Water and Ice Book
Author : Vasily Artemov
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-04-20
ISBN : 3030724247
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a research monograph summarizing recent advances related to the molecular structure of water and ice, and it is based on the latest spectroscopic data available. A special focus is given to radio- and microwave frequency regions. Within the five interconnected chapters, the author reviews the electromagnetic waves interaction with water, ice, and moist substances, discussing the microscopic mechanisms behind the dielectric responses. Well-established classic views concerning the structure of water and ice are considered along with new approaches related to atomic and molecular dynamics. Particular attention is given to nanofluidics, atmospheric science, and electrochemistry. The mathematical apparatus, based on diverse approaches employed in condensed matter physics, is widely used and allows the reader to quantitatively describe the electrodynamic response of water and ice in both bulk and confined states. This book is intended for a wide audience covering physicists, electrochemists, geophysicists, engineers, biophysicists, and general scientists who work on the electromagnetic radiation interaction with water and moist substances.

Molecular Interactions

Molecular Interactions Book
Author : Aurelia Meghea
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2012-02-29
ISBN : 9535100793
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In a classical approach materials science is mainly dealing with interatomic interactions within molecules, without paying much interest on weak intermolecular interactions. However, the variety of structures actually is the result of weak ordering because of noncovalent interactions. Indeed, for self-assembly to be possible in soft materials, it is evident that forces between molecules must be much weaker than covalent bonds between the atoms of a molecule. The weak intermolecular interactions responsible for molecular ordering in soft materials include hydrogen bonds, coordination bonds in ligands and complexes, ionic and dipolar interactions, van der Waals forces, and hydrophobic interactions. Recent evolutions in nanosciences and nanotechnologies provide strong arguments to support the opportunity and importance of the topics approached in this book, the fundamental and applicative aspects related to molecular interactions being of large interest in both research and innovative environments. We expect this book to have a strong impact at various education and research training levels, for young and experienced researchers from both academia and industry.

Water in Confining Geometries

Water in Confining Geometries Book
Author : V. Buch,J.P. Devlin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 3662052318
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by leading experts in the field, this book gives a wide-ranging and coherent treatment of water in confining geometries. It compiles and relates interdisciplinary work on this hot topic of research important in many areas of science and technology.

Freeze Drying Lyophilization Of Pharmaceutical Biological Products Second Edition Revised and Expanded

Freeze Drying Lyophilization Of Pharmaceutical   Biological Products  Second Edition  Revised and Expanded Book
Author : Louis Rey,Joan C. May
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-01-21
ISBN : 0203021320
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thoroughly acquainting the reader with freeze-drying fundamentals, Freeze-Drying/Lyophilization of Pharmaceutical and Biological Products, Second Edition carves practical guidelines from the very latest theoretical research, technologies, and industrial procedures. It delineates the best execution of steps from closure preparation and regulatory control of products to equipment sterilization and process validation. With 13 new chapters providing state-of-the-art information, the book unveils innovations currently advancing the field, including LYOGUARD® packaging for bulk freeze-drying and the irradiation of pharmaceutical and biological products.

Modern Techniques of Spectroscopy

Modern Techniques of Spectroscopy Book
Author : Dheeraj Kumar Singh,Manik Pradhan,Arnulf Materny
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-15
ISBN : 9813360844
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book highlights recent developments in the field of spectroscopy by providing the readers with an updated and high-level of overview. The focus of this book is on the introduction to concepts of modern spectroscopic techniques, recent technological innovations in this field, and current examples of applications to molecules and materials relevant for academia and industry. The book will be beneficial to researchers from various branches of science and technology, and is intended to point them to modern techniques, which might be useful for their specific problems. Spectroscopic techniques, that are discussed include, UV-Visible absorption spectroscopy, XPS, Raman spectroscopy, SERS, TERS, CARS, IR absorption spectroscopy, SFG, LIBS, Quantum cascade laser (QCL) spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, ellipsometry, cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy, such as cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS) and evanescent wave-CRDS both in gas and condensed phases, time-resolved spectroscopy etc. Applications introduced in the different chapters demonstrates the usefulness of the spectroscopic techniques for the characterization of fundamental properties of molecules, e.g. in connection with environmental impact, bio-activity, or usefulness for pharmaceutical drugs, and materials important e.g. for nano-science, nuclear chemistry, or bio-applications. The book presents how spectroscopic techniques can help to better understand substances, which have also great impact on questions of social and economic relevance (environment, alternative energy, etc.).