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Integrating Disaster Science and Management

Integrating Disaster Science and Management Book
Author : Chandan Ghosh
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018-04
ISBN : 9780128120569
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Integrated Disaster Management: Case Studies in Advanced Techniques for Mitigation and Recovery bridges the gap between scientific research on natural disasters and the practice of disaster management. It examines natural hazards, including earthquakes, landslides, and tsunamis, and uses integrated disaster management techniques, quantitative methods, and big data analytics to create early warning models to mitigate the impact of these hazards and reduce the risk of disaster. It also looks at mitigation as part of the recovery process after a disaster, such as in the case of the Nepal earthquake. Edited by experts in disaster management and engineering and with global contributors, Integrated Disaster Management: Case Studies in Advanced Techniques for Mitigation and Recovery offers case studies that will help to focus efforts on the critical phases of disaster management. Identifies advanced techniques and models based on natural disaster science for forecasting disasters and analyzing risk Offers a holistic approach to the problem of disaster management, including preparation, recovery, and resilience Includes coverage of social, economic, and environmental impacts on disasters

Integrating Disaster Science and Management

Integrating Disaster Science and Management Book
Author : Pijush Samui,Dookie Kim,Chandan Ghosh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-05-04
ISBN : 0128120576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Integrated Disaster Science and Management: Global Case Studies in Mitigation and Recovery bridges the gap between scientific research on natural disasters and the practice of disaster management. It examines natural hazards, including earthquakes, landslides and tsunamis, and uses integrated disaster management techniques, quantitative methods and big data analytics to create early warning models to mitigate impacts of these hazards and reduce the risk of disaster. It also looks at mitigation as part of the recovery process after a disaster, as in the case of the Nepal earthquake. Edited by global experts in disaster management and engineering, the book offers case studies that focus on the critical phases of disaster management. Identifies advanced techniques and models based on natural disaster science for forecasting disasters and analyzing risk Offers a holistic approach to the problem of disaster management, including preparation, recovery, and resilience Includes coverage of social, economic, and environmental impacts on disasters

Disaster Risk Science

Disaster Risk Science Book
Author : Peijun Shi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-04
ISBN : 9811366896
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first English language book to systematically introduce basic theories, methods and applications of disaster risk science from the angle of different subjects including disaster science, emergency technology and risk management. Viewed from basic theories, disaster risk science consists of disaster system, formation mechanism and process, covering 3 chapters in this book. From the perspective of technical methods, disaster risk science includes measurement and assessment of disasters, mapping and zoning of disaster risk, covering 4 chapters in this book. From the angle of application practices, disaster risk science contains disaster management, emergency response and integrated disaster risk paradigm, covering 3 chapters in the book. The book can be a good reference for researchers, students, and practitioners in the field of disaster risk science and natural disaster risk management for more actively participating in and supporting the development of "disaster risk science".

Handbook of Disaster Research

Handbook of Disaster Research Book
Author : Havidán Rodríguez,William Donner,Joseph E. Trainor
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-16
ISBN : 331963254X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This timely Handbook is based on the principle that disasters are social constructions and focuses on social science disaster research. It provides an interdisciplinary approach to disasters with theoretical, methodological, and practical applications. Attention is given to conceptual issues dealing with the concept "disaster" and to methodological issues relating to research on disasters. These include Geographic Information Systems as a useful research tool and its implications for future research. This seminal work is the first interdisciplinary collection of disaster research as it stands now while outlining how the field will continue to grow.

Disaster Science and Management

Disaster Science and Management Book
Author : Tushar Bhattacharya
Publisher : Tata McGraw-Hill Education
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1259007367
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Disaster Science and Management book written by Tushar Bhattacharya, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Disaster Resilience and Sustainability

Disaster Resilience and Sustainability Book
Author : Indrajit Pal,Rajib Shaw,Riyanti Djalante,Sangam Shrestha
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-06-25
ISBN : 0323851967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Disasters undermine societal well-being, causing loss of lives and damage to social and economic infrastructures. Disaster resilience is central to achieving the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals, especially in regions where extreme inequality combines with the increasing frequency and intensity of natural disasters. Disaster risk reduction and resilience requires participation of wide array of stakeholders ranging from academicians to policy makers to disaster managers. Disaster Resilient Cities: Adaptation for Sustainable Development offers evidence-based, problem-solving techniques from social, natural, engineering and other disciplinary perspectives. It connects data, research, conceptual work with practical cases on disaster risk management, capturing the multi-sectoral aspects of disaster resilience, adaptation strategy and sustainability. The book links disaster risk management with sustainable development under a common umbrella, showing that effective disaster resilience strategies and practices lead to achieving broader sustainable development goals. Provides foundational knowledge on integrated disaster risk reduction and management to show how resilience and its associated concept such as adaptive and transformative strategies can foster sustainable development Brings together disaster risk reduction and resilience scientists, policy-makers and practitioners from different disciplines Case studies on disaster risk management from natural science, social science, engineering and other relevant disciplinary perspectives

Risk Analysis XII

Risk Analysis XII Book
Author : S. Syngellakis,A. Fabbri
Publisher : WIT Press
Release : 2020-08-19
ISBN : 1784664014
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current events help to emphasise the importance of the analysis and management of risk to planners and researchers around the world. Natural hazards such as floods, earthquakes, landslides, fires and others have always affected human societies. The more recent emergence of the importance of man-made hazards is a consequence of the rapid technological advances made in the last few centuries. The interaction of natural and anthropogenic risks adds to the complexity of the problems. Presented at the 12th International Conference on Risk Analysis and Hazard Mitigation, the included research works cover a variety of topics related to risk analysis and hazard mitigation, associated with both natural and anthropogenic hazards.

Emerging Voices in Natural Hazards Research

Emerging Voices in Natural Hazards Research Book
Author : Fernando I. Rivera
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2019-06-07
ISBN : 0128162651
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emerging Voices in Natural Hazards Research provides a synthesis of the most pressing issues in natural hazards research by new professionals. The book begins with an overview of emerging research on natural hazards, such as hurricanes, earthquakes, floods, wildfires, sea-level rise, global warming, climate change, and tornadoes, among others. Remaining sections include topics such as socially vulnerable populations and the cycles of emergency management. Emerging Voices in Natural Hazards Research is intended to serve as a consolidated resource for academics, students, and researchers to learn about the most pressing issues in natural hazard research today. Provides a platform for readers to keep up-to-date with the interdisciplinary research that new professionals are producing Covers the multidisciplinary perspectives of the hazards and disasters field Includes international perspectives from new professionals around the world, including developing countries

Advances in Computing and Data Sciences

Advances in Computing and Data Sciences Book
Author : Mayank Singh,P.K. Gupta,Vipin Tyagi,Jan Flusser,Tuncer Ören,Rekha Kashyap
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-18
ISBN : 9811399425
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This two-volume set (CCIS 1045 and CCIS 1046) constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference on Advances in Computing and Data Sciences, ICACDS 2019, held in Ghaziabad, India, in April 2019. The 112 full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 621 submissions. The papers are centered around topics like advanced computing, data sciences, distributed systems organizing principles, development frameworks and environments, software verification and validation, computational complexity and cryptography, machine learning theory, database theory, probabilistic representations.

Methods in Urban Analysis

Methods in Urban Analysis Book
Author : Scott Baum
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-07-30
ISBN : 9811616779
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Methods in Urban Analysis book written by Scott Baum, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Integrating Social and Behavioral Sciences Within the Weather Enterprise

Integrating Social and Behavioral Sciences Within the Weather Enterprise Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Human-Systems Integration,Board on Environmental Change and Society,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on Advancing Social and Behavioral Science Research and Application Within the Weather Enterprise
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2018-02-05
ISBN : 0309464226
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Our ability to observe and forecast severe weather events has improved markedly over the past few decades. Forecasts of snow and ice storms, hurricanes and storm surge, extreme heat, and other severe weather events are made with greater accuracy, geographic specificity, and lead time to allow people and communities to take appropriate protective measures. Yet hazardous weather continues to cause loss of life and result in other preventable social costs. There is growing recognition that a host of social and behavioral factors affect how we prepare for, observe, predict, respond to, and are impacted by weather hazards. For example, an individual's response to a severe weather event may depend on their understanding of the forecast, prior experience with severe weather, concerns about their other family members or property, their capacity to take the recommended protective actions, and numerous other factors. Indeed, it is these factors that can determine whether or not a potential hazard becomes an actual disaster. Thus, it is essential to bring to bear expertise in the social and behavioral sciences (SBS)â€"including disciplines such as anthropology, communication, demography, economics, geography, political science, psychology, and sociologyâ€"to understand how people's knowledge, experiences, perceptions, and attitudes shape their responses to weather risks and to understand how human cognitive and social dynamics affect the forecast process itself. Integrating Social and Behavioral Sciences Within the Weather Enterprise explores and provides guidance on the challenges of integrating social and behavioral sciences within the weather enterprise. It assesses current SBS activities, describes the potential value of improved integration of SBS and barriers that impede this integration, develops a research agenda, and identifies infrastructural and institutional arrangements for successfully pursuing SBS-weather research and the transfer of relevant findings to operational settings.

Artificial Intelligence and IoT

Artificial Intelligence and IoT Book
Author : Kalaiselvi Geetha Manoharan
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-07-30
ISBN : 9813364009
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Artificial Intelligence and IoT book written by Kalaiselvi Geetha Manoharan, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Words Into Action Guidelines Implementation Guide for Addressing Water Related Disasters and Transboundary Cooperation

Words Into Action Guidelines Implementation Guide for Addressing Water Related Disasters and Transboundary Cooperation Book
Author : Economic Commission for Europe
Publisher : United Nations
Release : 2019-06-05
ISBN : 9210474058
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The majority of disasters are water-related with the flow of freshwater mostly occurring in transboundary basins. This guide supports the implementation of the Sendai Framework. It aims to raise awareness on the importance of river basin management and transboundary cooperation in Disaster Risk Reduction, while taking into account climate change adaptation. It provides information on steps that governments can take to harness the values of river basin management and transboundary cooperation together with good practices and lessons learned in this field.

Rethinking Locality in Japan

Rethinking Locality in Japan Book
Author : Sonja Ganseforth,Hanno Jentzsch
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-07-20
ISBN : 1000415368
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book inquires what is meant when we say "local" and what "local" means in the Japanese context. Through the window of locality, it enhances an understanding of broader political and socio-economic shifts in Japan. This includes demographic change, electoral and administrative reform, rural decline and revitalization, welfare reform, as well as the growing metabolic rift in energy and food production. Chapters throughout this edited volume discuss the different and often contested ways in which locality in Japan has been reconstituted, from historical and contemporary instances of administrative restructuring, to more subtle social processes of making – and unmaking – local places. Contributions from multiple disciplinary perspectives are included to investigate the tensions between overlapping and often incongruent dimensions of locality. Framed by a theoretical discussion of socio-spatial thinking, such issues surrounding the construction and renegotiation of local places are not only relevant for Japan specialists, but also connected with topical scholarly debates further afield. Accordingly, Rethinking Locality in Japan will appeal to students and scholars from Japanese studies and human geography to anthropology, history, sociology and political science.

Rethinking Sustainability Towards a Regenerative Economy

Rethinking Sustainability Towards a Regenerative Economy Book
Author : Maria Beatrice Andreucci
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-07-30
ISBN : 3030718190
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Rethinking Sustainability Towards a Regenerative Economy book written by Maria Beatrice Andreucci, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Integrated Disaster Risk Management Fund

The Integrated Disaster Risk Management Fund Book
Author : Asian Development Bank
Publisher : Asian Development Bank
Release : 2020-10-01
ISBN : 9292624415
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Government of Canada and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) established the Integrated Disaster Risk Management (IDRM) Fund in February 2013. The Fund was created to advance proactive integrated disaster risk management measures on a regional basis within ADB’s developing member countries in Southeast Asia, specifically, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam. During its operation, the IDRM Fund funded 19 technical assistance projects with both a gender-focused approach to IDRM and that reflect regional solutions that produce cross-border disaster management. This publication discusses the lessons learned from and achievements of the IDRM Fund.

Why do buildings collapse in earthquakes Building for safety in seismic areas

Why do buildings collapse in earthquakes  Building for safety in seismic areas Book
Author : Robin Spence,Emily So
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-07-20
ISBN : 1119619467
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Learn from the personal experience and insights of leading earthquake engineering specialists as they examine the lessons from disasters of the last 30 years and propose a path to earthquake safety worldwide Why Do Buildings Collapse in Earthquakes?: Building for Safety in Seismic Areas delivers an insightful and comprehensive analysis of the key lessons taught by building failures during earthquakes around the world. The book uses empirical evidence to describe the successes of earthquake engineering and disaster preparedness, as well as the failures that may have had tragic consequences. Readers will learn what makes buildings in earthquake zones vulnerable, what can be done to design, build and maintain those buildings to reduce or eliminate that vulnerability, and what can be done to protect building occupants. Those who are responsible for the lives and safety of building occupants and visitors - architects, designers, engineers, and building owners or managers - will learn how to provide adequate safety in earthquake zones. The text offers useful and accessible answers to anyone interested in natural disasters generally and those who have specific concerns about the impact of earthquakes on the built environment. Readers will benefit from the inclusion of: A thorough introduction to how buildings have behaved in earthquakes, including a description of the world’s most lethal earthquakes and the fatality trend over time An exploration of how buildings are constructed around the world, including considerations of the impact of climate and seismicity on home design A discussion of what happens during an earthquake, including the types and levels of ground motion, landslides, tsunamis, and sequential effects, and how different types of buildings tend to behave in response to those phenomena What different stakeholders can do to improve the earthquake safety of their buildings The owners and managers of buildings in earthquake zones and those responsible for the safety of people who occupy or visit them will find Why Do Buildings Collapse in Earthquakes? Building for Safety in Seismic Areas essential reading, as will all architects, designers and engineers who design or refurbish buildings in earthquake zones.

Biomass Burning in South and Southeast Asia

Biomass Burning in South and Southeast Asia Book
Author : Krishna Prasad Vadrevu,Toshimasa Ohara,Christopher Justice
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-06-23
ISBN : 0429666772
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomass burning is one of the most important sources of greenhouse gas emissions and aerosols in South and Southeast Asia and greatly impacts other countries through transboundary air pollution. With contributions from leading scientists, this volume offers an interdisciplinary perspective on the impacts of biomass burning on the land resources, climate, and the atmosphere. It showcases several examples linking top-down remote sensing, bottom-up ground-based measurements, and an integrated modeling to address the impacts of biomass burning and land–atmosphere interactions. It is a valuable guide for readers in atmospheric science, ecology, spatial geography, remote sensing, and GIS. This book is unique as it highlights the sources and the causes of biomass burning and atmospheric research in South and Southeast Asia. It explains the latest tools and techniques, in particular the use of satellite remote sensing and geospatial technologies for fire mapping, monitoring, and land cover/land use change. It focuses on large spatial scales integrating top-down and bottom-up methodologies. It addresses the pressing issues of air pollution rampant in South and Southeast Asia. It includes contributions from global experts working on biomass burning projects in the USA, Japan, South/Southeast Asia, and Europe. The contents of this book will appeal to students and professionals using remote sensing and geospatial techniques, including geographers, ecologists, atmospheric and environmental scientists, and all who are interested in biomass burning pollution.

Disaster Risk Communication

Disaster Risk Communication Book
Author : Katsuya Yamori
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-16
ISBN : 9811323186
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a unique blend of integrated disaster risk communication research conducted by authors with diverse backgrounds, including social psychology, sociology, civil engineering, informatics, and meteorology. It reports on the latest advances in collaborative and participatory action research on community-based disaster management from the frontline in Japan, Nepal, China and the USA. In addition, it employs and integrate a broad range of methodologies, including mathematical analyses, computer simulations, questionnaire surveys, gaming approaches, and participatory observation. Each chapter deals with disaster risk communication initiatives to address various hazards, such as earthquakes, tsunamis, floods and landslides, which are uniquely integrated from a social psychological perspective.

Systems Approach to Management of Disasters

Systems Approach to Management of Disasters Book
Author : Slobodan P. Simonovic
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-12-01
ISBN : 0470528095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The main goal of this text is to introduce the systems approach to disasters management community as an alternative approach that can provide support for interdisciplinary activities involved in the management of disasters. The systems approach draws on the fields of operations research and economics to create skills in solving complex management problems. The text is organized into four parts. Part I provides an introductory discussion of disaster management including an overview of the main terms used. Part II is devoted to the introduction of systems theory, mathematical formalization and classification of methods. The material presented in this section should be of practical relevance during the process of selecting an appropriate tool for the solution of a problem. Part III is technical in nature, providing a simulation approach and a detailed description of system dynamics simulation. This section details two areas of application: flood evacuation simulation, and disaster risk assessment. Part IV ends with a chapter covering steps to improve disaster management. Finally parts of the book can be used as a tool for specialized short courses for practitioners. For example a course on 'System analysis for emergency management optimization' could be based on Chapters 3, 4 and parts of Chapter 6. Included in the book is a CD with three computer programs Vensim PLE, LINPRO, and COMPRO. Vensim PLE (Personal Learning Edition) is state-of-the-art simulation software used for the implementation of system dynamics simulation. The other two programs are: LINPRO, a linear programming optimization tool; and COMPRO, for the implementation of the multi-objective analysis tool of compromise programming.