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Integrated Lasers On Silicon

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Integrated Lasers on Silicon

Integrated Lasers on Silicon Book
Author : Charles Cornet,Yoan Léger,Cédric Robert
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-07-14
ISBN : 0081010761
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Integrated Lasers on Silicon provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art use of lasers on silicon for photonic integration. The authors demonstrate the need for efficient laser sources on silicon, motivated by the development of on-board/on-chip optical interconnects and the different integration schemes available. The authors include detailed descriptions of Group IV-based lasers, followed by a presentation of the results obtained through the bonding approach (hybrid III-V lasers). The monolithic integration of III-V semiconductor lasers are explored, concluding with a discussion of the different kinds of cavity geometries benchmarked with respect to their potential integration on silicon in an industrial environment. Features a clear description of the advantages, drawbacks, and challenges of laser integration on silicon Serves as a staple reference in the general field of silicon photonics Focuses on the promising developments of hybrid and monolithic III-V lasers on silicon, previously unreviewed Discusses the different kinds of cavity geometries benchmarked with respect to their potential integration on silicon in an industrial environment

Silicon Based Photonics

Silicon Based Photonics Book
Author : Erich Kasper,Jinzhong Yu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-07-24
ISBN : 9814303259
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Silicon photonics has evolved rapidly as a research topic with enormous application potential. The high refractive index contrast of silicon-on-insulator (SOI) shows great promise for submicron waveguide structures suited for integration on the chip scale in the near-infrared region. Ge- and GeSn-Si heterostructures with different elastic strain levels already provide expansion of the spectral range, high-speed operation, efficient modulation and switching of optical signals, and enhanced light emission and lasing. This book focuses on the integration of heterostructure devices with silicon photonics. The authors have attempted to merge a concise treatment of classical silicon photonics with a description of principles, prospects, challenges, and technical solution paths of adding silicon-based heterostructures. The book discusses the basics of heterostructure-based silicon photonics, system layouts, and key device components, keeping in mind the application background. Special focus is placed on SOI-based waveguide configurations and Ge- and GeSn-Si heterostructure devices for light detection, modulation, and light emission and lasing. The book also provides an overview of the technological and materials science challenges connected with integration on silicon. The first half of the book is mainly for readers who are interested in the topic because of its increasing importance in different fields, while the latter half covers different device structures for light emission, detection, modulation, extension of the wavelength beyond 1.6 μm, and lasing, as well as future challenges.

Photonic Integration and Photonics Electronics Convergence on Silicon Platform

Photonic Integration and Photonics Electronics Convergence on Silicon Platform Book
Author : Koji Yamada,Jifeng Liu,Toshihiko Baba,Laurent Vivien, Dan-Xia Xu
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2015-11-10
ISBN : 2889196933
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Silicon photonics technology, which has the DNA of silicon electronics technology, promises to provide a compact photonic integration platform with high integration density, mass-producibility, and excellent cost performance. This technology has been used to develop and to integrate various photonic functions on silicon substrate. Moreover, photonics-electronics convergence based on silicon substrate is now being pursued. Thanks to these features, silicon photonics will have the potential to be a superior technology used in the construction of energy-efficient cost-effective apparatuses for various applications, such as communications, information processing, and sensing. Considering the material characteristics of silicon and difficulties in microfabrication technology, however, silicon by itself is not necessarily an ideal material. For example, silicon is not suitable for light emitting devices because it is an indirect transition material. The resolution and dynamic range of silicon-based interference devices, such as wavelength filters, are significantly limited by fabrication errors in microfabrication processes. For further performance improvement, therefore, various assisting materials, such as indium-phosphide, silicon-nitride, germanium-tin, are now being imported into silicon photonics by using various heterogeneous integration technologies, such as low-temperature film deposition and wafer/die bonding. These assisting materials and heterogeneous integration technologies would also expand the application field of silicon photonics technology. Fortunately, silicon photonics technology has superior flexibility and robustness for heterogeneous integration. Moreover, along with photonic functions, silicon photonics technology has an ability of integration of electronic functions. In other words, we are on the verge of obtaining an ultimate technology that can integrate all photonic and electronic functions on a single Si chip. This e-Book aims at covering recent developments of the silicon photonic platform and novel functionalities with heterogeneous material integrations on this platform.

CMOS Integration of High Performance Quantum Dot Lasers for Silicon Photonics

CMOS Integration of High Performance Quantum Dot Lasers for Silicon Photonics Book
Author : Zihao Wang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Integration of III-V components on Si substrates is required for realizing the promise of Silicon Photonic systems. Specifically, the direct bandgap of many III-V materials is required for light sources, efficient modulators and photodetectors. Several different approaches have been taken to integrate III-V lasers into the silicon photonic platform, such as wafer bonding, direct growth, butt coupling, etc. Here, we have devised a novel laser design that overcomes the above limitations. In our approach, we use InAs quantum dot (QD) lasers monolithically integrated with silicon waveguides and other Si photonic passive components. Due to their unique structures, the QD lasers have been proven by several groups to have the combination of high temperature stability, large modulation bandwidth and low power consumption compared with their quantum well counterparts, which makes it an ideal candidate for Si photonic applications. The first section of this dissertation introduces the theory and novelty of QD lasers, the DC and RF characterization methods of QD lasers are also discussed. The second section is focused on the growth of QD gain chip which a broadband gain chip based on QD inhomogeneous broadening properties was demonstrated. In third section, the lasers devices are built on Si substrate by Pd wafer bonding technology. Firstly, a ridge waveguide QD laser is demonstrated in this section which have better heat dissipation and lower threshold current compared to the unbonded lasers. In section four, a on Si comb laser is also developed. Due to inhomogeneous broadening and ultrafast carrier dynamics, InAs quantum dots have key advantages that make them well suited for Mode-locked lasers (MLLs). In section five, a passively mode-locked InAs quantum dots laser on Si is achieved at a repetition rate of ~7.3 GHz under appropriate bias conditions. In section six, a butt-joint integration configuration based on QD lasers and silicon photonics ring resonator is tested by using to translation stage. In order to achieve the on chip butt-joint integration, an on chip laser facet was created in section seven. A novel facet etching method is developed by using Br-ion beam assist etching (Br-IBAE). In section eight, a Pd-GaAs butt-joint integration platform was proposed, a hybrid tunable QD laser which consist of a QD SOA gain chip butt joint coupled with a passive Si3N4 photonic integrated circuit is proof of concept by using an external booster SOA coupled with a Si3N4 ring reflector feedback circuit. The final section summarized the work discussed in this thesis and also discussed some future approaches by using QD lasers integrated with silicon photonics integrated circuits based on the Pd-GaAs wafer bonding butt-joint coupled platform."--Abstract.

Silicon Photonics Design

Silicon Photonics Design Book
Author : Lukas Chrostowski,Michael Hochberg
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2015-03-12
ISBN : 1107085454
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This hands-on introduction to silicon photonics engineering equips students with everything they need to begin creating foundry-ready designs.

Silicon Photonics

Silicon Photonics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-10-08
ISBN : 0128155191
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Silicon Photonics, Volume 99 in the Semiconductors and Semimetals series, highlights new advances in the field, with this updated volume presenting interesting chapters on Transfer printing in Silicon Photonics, Epitaxial integration of antimonide-based semiconductor lasers on Si, Photonic crystal lasers and nanolasers on Si, the Evolution of monolithic quantum-dot light source for silicon photonics, III-V on Si nanocomposites, the Heterogeneous integration of III-V on Si by bonding, the Growth of III-V on Silicon compliant substrates and lasers by MOCVD, Photonic Integrated Circuits on Si, Integrated Photonics for Bio- and Environmental sensing, Membrane Lasers/Photodiodes on Si, and more. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Represents the latest release in the Semiconductors and Semimetals series Updated release includes the latest information on Silicon Photonics

Silicon Photonics IV

Silicon Photonics IV Book
Author : David J. Lockwood,Lorenzo Pavesi
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-06-08
ISBN : 3030682226
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This fourth book in the series Silicon Photonics gathers together reviews of recent advances in the field of silicon photonics that go beyond already established and applied concepts in this technology. The field of research and development in silicon photonics has moved beyond improvements of integrated circuits fabricated with complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) technology to applications in engineering, physics, chemistry, materials science, biology, and medicine. The chapters provided in this book by experts in their fields thus cover not only new research into the highly desired goal of light production in Group IV materials, but also new measurement regimes and novel technologies, particularly in information processing and telecommunication. The book is suited for graduate students, established scientists, and research engineers who want to update their knowledge in these new topics.

Fibre Optic Communication Devices

Fibre Optic Communication Devices Book
Author : Norbert Grote,Herbert Venghaus
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001-01-26
ISBN : 9783540669777
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Optoelectronic devices and fibre optics are the basis of cutting-edge communication systems. This monograph deals with the various components of these systems, including lasers, amplifiers, modulators, converters, filters, sensors, and more.

Applications of Silicon Photonics in Sensors and Waveguides

Applications of Silicon Photonics in Sensors and Waveguides Book
Author : Lakshmi Narayana Deepak Kallepalli
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-11-14
ISBN : 1789844789
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a collection of five original research articles on silicon photonics. The discussed issues are organized into two parts. Part 1 describes the science behind the silicon photonics emphasizing the role of photonic circuits on silicon, and Part 2 describes applications in waveguide and optical transmissions. This book should be of interest to academic researchers and engineers. The chapters included are fundamental science and applications of silicon photonics, optical properties of thin nanocrystalline silicon films, microporous silicon in gas sensing, Mach-Zehnder interferometer cell-based silicon waveguide, experimental study of porous silicon films, and integrated optical switches and their applications.

Optical Fiber Telecommunications VIA

Optical Fiber Telecommunications VIA Book
Author : Brian R. Koch,Sudharsanan Srinivasan,John E. Bowers
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-03
ISBN : 0128060670
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The term “hybrid silicon laser” refers to a laser that has a silicon waveguide and a III–V material that are in close optical contact. In this structure the optical confinement can be easily transferred from one material to the other and intermediate modes exist for which the light is contained in both materials simultaneously. In hybrid silicon lasers, the optical gain is provided by the electrically pumped III–V material and the optical cavity is ultimately formed by the silicon waveguide. This type of laser can be heterogeneously integrated with silicon components that have superior performance compared to III–V components. These lasers can be fabricated in high volumes as components of complex photonic integrated circuits, largely with CMOS-compatible processes. These traits are expected to allow for highly complex, non-traditional photonic integrated circuits with very high yields and relatively low cost of manufacturing. In this chapter we discuss the theory of hybrid silicon lasers, wafer bonding techniques, examples of experimental results, examples of system demonstrations based on hybrid silicon lasers, and prospects for future devices.

IIIV Si Nanoscale Lasers and Their Integration with Silicon Photonics

IIIV Si Nanoscale Lasers and Their Integration with Silicon Photonics Book
Author : Olesya Bondarenko
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 9781321649000
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The rapidly evolving global information infrastructure requires ever faster data transfer within computer networks and stations. Integrated chip scale photonics can pave the way to accelerated signal manipulation and boost bandwidth capacity of optical interconnects in a compact and ergonomic arrangement. A key building block for integrated photonic circuits is an on-chip laser. In this dissertation we explore ways to reduce the physical footprint of semiconductor lasers and make them suitable for high density integration on silicon, a standard material platform for today's integrated circuits. We demonstrated the first room temperature metalo-dielectric nanolaser, sub-wavelength in all three dimensions. Next, we demonstrated a nanolaser on silicon, showing the feasibility of its integration with this platform. We also designed and realized an ultracompact feedback laser with edge-emitting structure, amenable for in-plane coupling with a standard silicon waveguide. Finally, we discuss the challenges and propose solutions for improvement of the device performance and practicality.

Reliability of Semiconductor Lasers and Optoelectronic Devices

Reliability of Semiconductor Lasers and Optoelectronic Devices Book
Author : Robert Herrick,Osamu Ueda
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-03-06
ISBN : 0128192550
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reliability of Semiconductor Lasers and Optoelectronic Devices simplifies complex concepts of optoelectronics reliability with approachable introductory chapters and a focus on real-world applications. This book provides a brief look at the fundamentals of laser diodes, introduces reliability qualification, and then presents real-world case studies discussing the principles of reliability and what occurs when these rules are broken. Then this book comprehensively looks at optoelectronics devices and the defects that cause premature failure in them and how to control those defects. Key materials and devices are reviewed including silicon photonics, vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs), InGaN LEDs and lasers, and AlGaN LEDs, covering the majority of optoelectronic devices that we use in our everyday lives, powering the Internet, telecommunication, solid-state lighting, illuminators, and many other applications. This book features contributions from experts in industry and academia working in these areas and includes numerous practical examples and case studies. This book is suitable for new entrants to the field of optoelectronics working in R&D. • Includes case studies and numerous examples showing best practices and common mistakes affecting optoelectronics reliability written by experts working in the industry • Features the first wide-ranging and comprehensive overview of fiber optics reliability engineering, covering all elements of the practice from building a reliability laboratory, qualifying new products, to improving reliability on mature products. • Provides a look at the reliability issues and failure mechanisms for silicon photonics, VCSELs, InGaN LEDs and lasers, AIGaN LEDs, and more.

Femtosecond Laser Micromachining

Femtosecond Laser Micromachining Book
Author : Roberto Osellame,Giulio Cerullo,Roberta Ramponi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-03-05
ISBN : 364223366X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Femtosecond laser micromachining of transparent material is a powerful and versatile technology. In fact, it can be applied to several materials. It is a maskless technology that allows rapid device prototyping, has intrinsic three-dimensional capabilities and can produce both photonic and microfluidic devices. For these reasons it is ideally suited for the fabrication of complex microsystems with unprecedented functionalities. The book is mainly focused on micromachining of transparent materials which, due to the nonlinear absorption mechanism of ultrashort pulses, allows unique three-dimensional capabilities and can be exploited for the fabrication of complex microsystems with unprecedented functionalities.This book presents an overview of the state of the art of this rapidly emerging topic with contributions from leading experts in the field, ranging from principles of nonlinear material modification to fabrication techniques and applications to photonics and optofluidics.

Handbook of Silicon Photonics

Handbook of Silicon Photonics Book
Author : Laurent Vivien,Lorenzo Pavesi
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1439836116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development of integrated silicon photonic circuits has recently been driven by the Internet and the push for high bandwidth as well as the need to reduce power dissipation induced by high data-rate signal transmission. To reach these goals, efficient passive and active silicon photonic devices, including waveguide, modulators, photodetectors,

Neuromorphic Photonics

Neuromorphic Photonics Book
Author : Paul R. Prucnal,Bhavin J. Shastri
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-05-08
ISBN : 1498725244
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book sets out to build bridges between the domains of photonic device physics and neural networks, providing a comprehensive overview of the emerging field of "neuromorphic photonics." It includes a thorough discussion of evolution of neuromorphic photonics from the advent of fiber-optic neurons to today’s state-of-the-art integrated laser neurons, which are a current focus of international research. Neuromorphic Photonics explores candidate interconnection architectures and devices for integrated neuromorphic networks, along with key functionality such as learning. It is written at a level accessible to graduate students, while also intending to serve as a comprehensive reference for experts in the field.

ULSI Process Integration 6

ULSI Process Integration 6 Book
Author : C. Claeys
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release : 2009-09
ISBN : 1566777445
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

ULSI Process Integration 6 covers all aspects of process integration. Sections are devoted to 1) Device Technologies, 2) Front-end-of-line integration (gate stacks, shallow junctions, dry etching, etc.), 3) Back-end-of-line integration (CMP, low-k, Cu interconnect, air-gaps, 3D packaging, etc.), 4) Alternative channel technologies (Ge, III-V, hybrid integration), and 5) Emerging technologies (CNT, graphene, polymer electronics, nanotubes).

Silicon Photonics for Telecommunications and Biomedicine

Silicon Photonics for Telecommunications and Biomedicine Book
Author : Sasan Fathpour,Bahram Jalali
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-12-12
ISBN : 1439806373
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Given silicon’s versatile material properties, use of low-cost silicon photonics continues to move beyond light-speed data transmission through fiber-optic cables and computer chips. Its application has also evolved from the device to the integrated-system level. A timely overview of this impressive growth, Silicon Photonics for Telecommunications and Biomedicine summarizes state-of-the-art developments in a wide range of areas, including optical communications, wireless technologies, and biomedical applications of silicon photonics. With contributions from world experts, this reference guides readers through fundamental principles and focuses on crucial advances in making commercial use of silicon photonics a viable reality in the telecom and biomedical industries. Taking into account existing and anticipated industrial directions, the book balances coverage of theory and practical experimental research to explore solutions for obstacles to the viable commercialization of silicon photonics. The book’s special features include: A section on silicon plasmonic waveguides Detailed coverage of novel III-V applications A chapter on 3D integration Discussion of applications for energy harvesting/photovoltaics This book reviews the most important technological trends and challenges. It presents topics involving major silicon photonics applications in telecommunications, high-power photonics, and biomedicine. It includes discussion of silicon plasmonic waveguides, piezoelectric tuning of silicon’s optical properties, and applications of two-photon absorption. Expert authors with industry research experience examine the challenge of hybridizing III-V compound semiconductors on silicon to achieve monolithic light sources. They also address economic compatibility and heat dissipation issues in CMOS chips, challenges in designing electronic photonics integrated circuits, and the need for standardization in computer-aided design of industrial chips. This book gives an authoritative summary of the latest research in this emerging field, covering key topics for readers from various disciplines with an interest in integrated photonics.

Integrated Erbium Lasers in Silicon Photonics

Integrated Erbium Lasers in Silicon Photonics Book
Author : Purnawirman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We present results on the development of integrated erbium-doped aluminum oxide lasers on a silicon photonics platform. A key achievement in this work is a scalable laser design for high output power and ultra-narrow linewidth performance. Using a novel wavelength-insensitive design, a CMOS compatible waveguide structure is proposed to achieve high confinement factor and intensity overlap for both the pump (980 nm) and signal (1550 nm) wavelengths. Laser operation in the C- and L- bands of the erbium gain spectrum is obtained with both a distributed Bragg reflector and a distributed feedback structure. We demonstrate power scaling with output power greater than 75 mW and obtain an ultra-narrow linewidth of 5.3 t 0.3 kHz. We investigate the influence of gain film thickness uniformity in distributed feedback laser performance and show a compensation scheme based on a curved cavity design. We then consider the application in optical communications by demonstrating a multiwavelength cascaded laser to generate wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) light sources. Finally, we propose an integration scheme of laser in full silicon photonics platform by using an erbium trench. The approach is alignment free and allows the erbium-doped film deposition to be the last backend process, providing a pathway to a scalable CMOS compatible laser device.

Fundamentals of Microwave Photonics

Fundamentals of Microwave Photonics Book
Author : V. J. Urick,Keith J. Williams,Jason D. McKinney
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-03-02
ISBN : 1118293207
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive resource to designing and constructing analog photonic links capable of high RF performance Fundamentals of Microwave Photonics provides a comprehensive description of analog optical links from basic principles to applications. The book is organized into four parts. The first begins with a historical perspective of microwave photonics, listing the advantages of fiber optic links and delineating analog vs. digital links. The second section covers basic principles associated with microwave photonics in both the RF and optical domains. The third focuses on analog modulation formats—starting with a concept, deriving the RF performance metrics from basic physical models, and then analyzing issues specific to each format. The final part examines applications of microwave photonics, including analog receive-mode systems, high-power photodiodes applications, radio astronomy, and arbitrary waveform generation. Covers fundamental concepts including basic treatments of noise, sources of distortion and propagation effects Provides design equations in easy-to-use forms as quick reference Examines analog photonic link architectures along with their application to RF systems A thorough treatment of microwave photonics, Fundamentals of Microwave Photonics will be an essential resource in the laboratory, field, or during design meetings. The authors have more than 55 years of combined professional experience in microwave photonics and have published more than 250 associated works.

Photonics Volume 2

Photonics  Volume 2 Book
Author : David L. Andrews
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-02-24
ISBN : 1118225511
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discusses the basic physical principles underlying the science and technology of nanophotonics, its materials and structures This volume presents nanophotonic structures and Materials. Nanophotonics is photonic science and technology that utilizes light/matter interactions on the nanoscale where researchers are discovering new phenomena and developing techniques that go well beyond what is possible with conventional photonics and electronics.The topics discussed in this volume are: Cavity Photonics; Cold Atoms and Bose-Einstein Condensates; Displays; E-paper; Graphene; Integrated Photonics; Liquid Crystals; Metamaterials; Micro-and Nanostructure Fabrication; Nanomaterials; Nanotubes; Plasmonics; Quantum Dots; Spintronics; Thin Film Optics Comprehensive and accessible coverage of the whole of modern photonics Emphasizes processes and applications that specifically exploit photon attributes of light Deals with the rapidly advancing area of modern optics Chapters are written by top scientists in their field Written for the graduate level student in physical sciences; Industrial and academic researchers in photonics, graduate students in the area; College lecturers, educators, policymakers, consultants, Scientific and technical libraries, government laboratories, NIH.