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Integrated Assessment Of Scale Impacts Of Watershed Intervention

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Integrated Assessment of Scale Impacts of Watershed Intervention

Integrated Assessment of Scale Impacts of Watershed Intervention Book
Author : V. Ratna Reddy,Geoffrey J. Syme
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-10-06
ISBN : 0128008466
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Integrated Assessment of Scale Impacts of Watershed Interventions is the outcome of a multi-disciplinary research team of social scientists, hydrologists (groundwater and surface water), modellers; and bio-physical scientists who have worked together over five years to develop an integrated model of the sustainability of biophysical, economic and social impacts of watersheds. Impacts of watershed interventions are assessed at upstream, mid-stream and downstream locations of two hydrological units that are characterised with differential bio-physical attributes. The editors propose that watershed interventions, when integrated with hydro-geology and bio-physical aspects, have greater influence on the resilience of the socio-ecological system. This book takes these aspects in to consideration and in the process provides insights in to watershed design and implementation. Integrates hydrogeology, bio-physical, and socioeconomic aspects of watersheds in a hydrological context Provides a comprehensive understanding of the impacts of watershed interventions Assesses the role of watershed interventions in enhancing household resilience Provides hydrological and socio-economic methodologies for design of sustainble watershed interventions including scale and institutional arrangements for implementing and sustaining watershed interventions

Integrated Assessment of Scale Impacts of Watershed Intervention

Integrated Assessment of Scale Impacts of Watershed Intervention Book
Author : V. Ratna Reddy,Geoffrey J. Syme
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 2014-10-01
ISBN : 9780128000670
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Integrated Assessment of Scale Impacts of Watershed Interventions is the outcome of a multi-disciplinary research team of social scientists, hydrologists (groundwater and surface water), modellers; and bio-physical scientists who have worked together over five years to develop an integrated model of the sustainability of biophysical, economic and social impacts of watersheds. Impacts of watershed interventions are assessed at upstream, mid-stream and downstream locations of two hydrological units that are characterised with differential bio-physical attributes. The editors propose that watershed interventions, when integrated with hydro-geology and bio-physical aspects, have greater influence on the resilience of the socio-ecological system. This book takes these aspects in to consideration and in the process provides insights in to watershed design and implementation. Integrates hydrogeology, bio-physical, and socioeconomic aspects of watersheds in a hydrological context Provides a comprehensive understanding of the impacts of watershed interventions Assesses the role of watershed interventions in enhancing household resilience Provides hydrological and socio-economic methodologies for design of sustainble watershed interventions including scale and institutional arrangements for implementing and sustaining watershed interventions

Integrated Approaches to Sustainable Watershed Management in Xeric Environments

Integrated Approaches to Sustainable Watershed Management in Xeric Environments Book
Author : V Ratna Reddy,Geoff Syme,Chiranjeevi Tallapragada
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-06-14
ISBN : 0128152761
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Integrated Approaches to Sustainable Watershed Management in Xeric Environments: A Training Manual provides the reader with the tools they need to understand an integrated approach to watershed management. The book presents a conceptual framework of water management based on the authors’ vast experience. Topics covered include a scientific background of watershed management and the integration of geohydraulic and socioeconomic factors. Key points are further enhanced with case studies, problem sets, Bayesian Networks and quizzes to educate watershed managers, industry professionals and agencies. Authored by a team of leaders in the field who are responsible for groundbreaking research in the area, this book draws on their experience synthesizing scientific, practical, on the ground expertise. This is an essential tool for researchers and professionals in environmental, water or natural resource management. Presents an integrated approach—combining different sciences— that allows for the improved design of watersheds through the integration of biophysical, land use and socioeconomic analyses Contains activities for self-evaluation Includes case studies drawing from field experiences, giving the reader deeper insights into challenges faced, practical problems and solutions

Water Policy Science and Politics

Water Policy Science and Politics Book
Author : M. Dinesh Kumar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-03-07
ISBN : 0128149043
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water Policy Science and Politics: An Indian Perspective presents the importance of politics and science working together in policymaking in the water sector. Many countries around the developed and developing world, including India, are experiencing major water scarcity problems that will undoubtedly increase with the impacts of climate change. This book discusses specific topics in India’s water, agriculture and energy sectors, focusing on scientific aspects, academic and political discourse, and policy issues. The author presents cases from the interrelated sectors of water resources, supplies, sanitation, and energy and climate, including controversial topics that illustrate how science and politics can work together. Challenges the linear and conventional approaches to water management and water policymaking in India that are also applicable in developing countries across South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa Presents best practice ideas and methods that help science and politics work together Highlights a key gap of communication between science and policy in water research, with solutions on how this can be addressed

Methods to investigate the hydrology of the Himalayan springs

Methods to investigate the hydrology of the Himalayan springs Book
Author : Chinnasamy, Pennan,Prathapar, Sanmugam A.
Publisher : International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Release : 2016-06-10
ISBN : 929090836X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Springs are the major source of freshwater in many small mountainous watersheds within the Himalayan region. In recent years, their flow rates have diminished, but the reasons for this are not self-evident, and hence this paper reviews the methods to investigate Himalayan springs. The review reveals that chemical and isotope analyses – mostly water dating and stable isotope (e.g., d18O) analyses – could be an appropriate entry point to commence field investigations, because of their potential to map complex spring pathways, including linkages between aquifers. This should be combined with the building of hydrogeological maps with the available data. Output from desktop analyses, field investigations and hydrogeological maps could then contribute to the establishment of a conceptual model, which could form the basis for a numerical model.

Climate Change Adaptation in Latin America

Climate Change Adaptation in Latin America Book
Author : Walter Leal Filho,Leonardo Esteves de Freitas
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-10-19
ISBN : 3319569465
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book showcases experiences from research, field projects and best practice in climate change adaptation in countries in the Latin American region, focusing on managing vulnerability and fostering resilience. It includes a selection of papers presented at a specialist symposium on climate change adaptation held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in November 2016.Consistent with the need for more cross-sectoral interaction among the various stakeholders working in the field of climate change adaptation in Latin America, the book documents and disseminates the wealth of experiences in the region. It is divided into two main parts: Part 1 addresses the current and future impacts of climate change on fauna, flora and landscapes, while Part 2 is concerned with the socio-economic aspects of climate change adaptation, analyzing some of the main problems prevailing in this vulnerable region and examining ways to address them.

The Routledge International Handbook of Psychosocial Resilience

The Routledge International Handbook of Psychosocial Resilience Book
Author : Updesh Kumar
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-08-05
ISBN : 1317355946
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Psychological resilience has emerged as a highly significant area of research and practice in recent years, finding applications with a broad range of different groups in many settings. Contemporary discourse is not limited to ways of effective coping with adversity but also introduces mechanisms that can lead to enhanced capacity after dealing with difficult circumstances and recognises the importance of enriching the field with varied perspectives. The Routledge International Handbook of Psychosocial Resilience is a comprehensive compendium of writings of international contributors that takes stock of the state-of-the-art in resilience theory, research and practice. The Routledge International Handbook of Psychosocial Resilience covers the many different trajectories that resilience research has taken in four parts. Part One delineates the ‘Conceptual Arena’ by providing an overview of the current state of theory and research, exploring biological, psychological, and socio-ecological perspectives and discussing various theoretical models of personal and social resilience. The ‘Psychosocial Correlates’ of resilience are discussed further in Part Two, from personal and personality correlates, socio-environmental factors and the contextual and cultural conditions conducive to resilient behaviour. In Part Three, ‘Applied Evidences’ are introduced in order to build upon the theoretical foundations in the form of several case studies drawn from varied contexts. Examples of resilient behaviour range from post-disaster scenarios to special operation groups, orphaned children, and violent extremism. Finally, Part Four, ‘Proposed Implications and Resilience Building’, sums up the issues involved in discussing post-traumatic growth, wellbeing and positive adaptation in the varied contexts of personal, familial, organizational and societal resilience. The volume provides a comprehensive overview of resilience theory, practice and research across disciplines and cultures, from varied perspectives and different populations. It will be a key reference for psychiatrists, psychologists, psychotherapists and psychiatric social workers in practice and in training as well as researchers and students of psychology, sociology, human development, family studies and disaster management.

Toward a Healthy Planet

Toward a Healthy Planet Book
Author : Gerard Magill,James Benedict
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release : 2021-10-04
ISBN : 1527575691
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume addresses emerging concerns and pivotal problems about our planet’s environment and ecology. The contributions gathered here highlight the inter-relation of topics and expertise regarding a vision for a healthy planet, agriculture and food, health and the environment, global issues, and generational perspectives. The book concludes with an ethical analysis of the multiple and over-lapping challenges that require urgent attention and long-term resolution. It will appeal to scholars and students in a variety of disciplines and fields that deal with the earth’s survival and flourishing.

Environment and Climate smart Food Production

Environment and Climate smart Food Production Book
Author : Charis M. Galanakis
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 303071571X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agriculture and food systems, forestry, the marine and the bio-based sectors are at the very heart of the climate change crisis. Evidence on climate change reveals that it will affect farming first, through changes to rainfall regimes, rising temperatures, the variability and seasonality of the climate and the occurrence of more frequent extreme events (heatwaves, droughts, storms and floods). In addition to findings ways to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, farmers will need to develop farming systems resilient to fluctuating environmental and socioeconomic conditions. It is thus a great challenge to support ambitious climate targets while satisfying the needs for food, feed, bio-based products and energy for a global population projected to reach 10 billion by 2030. Few books on the market integrate environment studies and climate-smart food production. This book fills the knowledge gap by covering all the relevant aspects in one reference: starting with microclimate management, climate change and food systems, and resilience of mixed farming and agroforestry systems, chapters address agricultural soil management, integrated water management in small agricultural catchments, citizen-driven food system approaches in cities, and ICT-enabled agri-food systems. By focusing on the most recent advances in the field while analyzing the potential of already applied practices, this book can serve as a handbook for regulators and researchers looking to understand all aspects of food production and distribution in this changing environment.

Water Security Climate Change and Sustainable Development

Water Security  Climate Change and Sustainable Development Book
Author : Asit K. Biswas,Cecilia Tortajada
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-11-17
ISBN : 9812879765
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book pursues a comprehensive approach so as to arrive at a better understanding of the implications of climate change on sustainable development, focusing on the perspective of water. Climate change is one of today’s most pressing global issues and will become increasingly important in the decades to come, as societies will feel its pervasive impacts in many aspects of their lives. Given that the majority of these climate change impacts will be felt through the medium of water, the book explores the interrelationships and inter-linkages between water, climate change and sustainable development.

Climate Change and Community Resilience

Climate Change and Community Resilience Book
Author : A.K. Enamul Haque,Pranab Mukhopadhyay,Mani Nepal,Md Rumi Shammin
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-21
ISBN : 9811606803
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book documents myriads of ways community-based climate change adaptation and resilience programs are being implemented in South Asian countries. The narrative style of writing in this volume makes it accessible to a diverse audience from academics and researchers to practitioners in various governmental, non-governmental and international agencies. At a time when climate change presents humanity with a gloomy future, the stories of innovation, creativity, grassroots engagement and locally applicable solutions highlighted in this book provides insights into hopeful ways of approaching climate solutions. South Asian countries have been dealing with the impact of climate change for decades and thus offer valuable learning opportunities for developing countries within and beyond the region as well as many western countries that are confronting the wrath of climate induced natural disasters more recently. SANDEE has been a pioneer in the development of research and training in environmental economics and related issues in South Asia and Prof Maler has been throughout SANDEE's history, its mentor, and its strongest supporter. Many young economists in South Asia have significantly benefited from Prof Maler's guidance and inputs. The present volume on “Climate Change and Community Resilience: Insights from South Asia” is a fitting tribute and an excellent reflection of Prof Maler's contributions to the SANDEE programme throughout his association. - Mahesh Banskota, Ph.D. Professor, Development Studies School of Arts, Kathmandu University This comprehensive volume aptly identifies grassroots initiatives as the core of the problem of adaptation to climate change. The analysis of the different experiments is lucid, inclusive, and full of interesting detail. The methodologies used and the subjects covered span a range of frameworks and narratives. Put together, the studies are a fitting tribute to Karl-Goran Maler, who spent years putting his impeccable expertise to use for the cause of enhancing research in South Asia. - Kanchan Chopra, Ph.D. Former Director and Professor, Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi, and Fellow, SANDEE The slow international policy response to climate change elevates the importance of understanding how communities can respond to climate change’s many threats. This unusually accessible volume provides that understanding for South Asia while being relevant to the rest of the world. Its emphasis on research by scholars from the region makes it a wonderful tribute to Prof. Karl-Göran Mäler, who contributed so much to the growth of environmental economics research capacity in South Asia. - Jeffrey R. Vincent, Ph.D. Clarence F. Korstian Professor of Forest Economics & Management Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, USA

Advances in Materials Processing

Advances in Materials Processing Book
Author : Sunpreet Singh,Chander Prakash,Seeram Ramakrishna,Grzegorz Krolczyk
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-06-22
ISBN : 9811547483
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the select proceedings of the International Conference on Functional Material, Manufacturing and Performances (ICFMMP) 2019. The book primarily covers recent research, theories, and practices relevant to surface engineering and processing of materials. It focuses on the lesser-known technologies and advanced manufacturing methods which may not be standardized yet but are highly beneficial to material and manufacturing industrial engineers. The book includes current advances in the field of coating, deposition, cladding, nanotechnology, surface finishing, precision machining, processing, and emerging advanced manufacturing technologies which enhance the performance of materials in terms of corrosion, wear and fatigue. The book can be a valuable reference for beginners, researchers, and professionals interested in materials processing and allied fields.

An Assessment of Integrated Watershed Management in Ethiopia

An Assessment of Integrated Watershed Management in Ethiopia Book
Author : Gebregziabher, Gebrehaweria,Abera, D. A.,Gebresamuel, G.,Giordano, Meredith,Langan, Simon
Publisher : International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Release : 2016-12-29
ISBN : 9290908440
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable participatory watershed management is an approach promoted by the Ethiopian government to restore natural resources and agricultural productivity across the country. This comparative study between six watershed programs shows that this approach increases farmers’ food security and incomes (around 50% on average), as well as their resilience to drought and other climate shocks. However, the study also confirms that the nature and scale of impact can vary significantly between watershed programs. The success of watershed management depends on multiple factors from the hydrological profile of the watershed to the local social and economic environment. Tailoring watershed interventions to the local context, associating conservation and livelihoods activities, and providing further financial and technical support to watershed committees are among the recommendations of this paper.

A Nexus Approach for Sustainable Development

A Nexus Approach for Sustainable Development Book
Author : Stephan Hülsmann,Mahesh Jampani
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-11-10
ISBN : 3030575306
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores how integrated management of environmental resources via a nexus approach can help in achieving the respective Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It provides conceptual considerations but mainly practical examples on how to implement a nexus approach in cities and multifunctional land-use systems to increase resource use efficiency and develop a low carbon economy. After sketching out the background and conceptual outline, contributions to the book explore key aspects of the nexus implementation. Specifically, they • Demonstrate how to sustainably use organic waste and wastewater for agriculture, • Explore examples on how to manage multifunctional land-use systems including multipurpose reservoirs, • Highlight the importance of economic incentives for successful nexus implementation, and • Provide a comprehensive perspective on challenges and opportunities of implementation, considering peer-to-peer learning, indigenous knowledge, and stakeholder participation. The chapters in this book shed a new light on key aspects of the interrelation between SDGs and the nexus approach in resilient cities and multifunctional land-use systems, and provide specific examples on how to advance sustainable resources management.

Integrated Watershed Management in Rainfed Agriculture

Integrated Watershed Management in Rainfed Agriculture Book
Author : Suhas P. Wani,Johan Rockstrom,Kanwar Lal Sahrawat
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-09-16
ISBN : 1466512822
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive presentation of the realization of improved rainfed agriculture yield in semi-arid and dry land areas. The incentive of watershed programs is to increase the return on investment with over 20% for 65% of the projects that are currently underperforming. Besides techniques to improve the livelihood of the many small

A Companion to Environmental Geography

A Companion to Environmental Geography Book
Author : Noel Castree,David Demeritt,Diana Liverman,Bruce Rhoads
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-10-03
ISBN : 1119250625
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A Companion to Environmental Geography is the first book to comprehensively and systematically map the research frontier of 'human-environment geography' in an accessible and comprehensive way. Cross-cuts several areas of a discipline which has traditionally been seen as divided; presenting work by human and physical geographers in the same volume Presents both the current 'state of the art' research and charts future possibilities for the discipline Extends the term 'environmental geography' beyond its 'traditional' meanings to include new work on nature and environment by human and physical geographers - not just hazards, resources, and conservation geographers Contains essays from an outstanding group of international contributors from among established scholars and rising stars in geography

Integrated Natural Resource Management in the Highlands of Eastern Africa

Integrated Natural Resource Management in the Highlands of Eastern Africa Book
Author : Laura Anne German,Jeremias Mowo,Tilahun Amede,Kenneth Masuki
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-06-17
ISBN : 1136493697
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book documents a decade of research, methodological innovation, and lessons learned in an eco-regional research-for-development program operating in the eastern African highlands, the African Highlands Initiative (AHI). It does this through reflections of the protagonists themselves—AHI site teams and partners applying action research to development innovation as a means to enhance the impact of their research. The book summarizes the experiences of farmers, research and development workers and policy and decision-makers who have interacted within an innovation system with the common goal of implementing an integrated approach to natural resource management (NRM) in the humid highlands. This book demonstrates the crucial importance of "approach" in shaping the outcomes of research and development, and distils lessons learned on what works, where and why. It is enriched with examples and case studies from five benchmark sites in Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania, whose variability provides the reader with an in-depth knowledge of the complexities of integrated NRM in agro-ecosystems that play an important role in the rural economy of the region. It is shown that the struggle to achieve sustainable agricultural development in challenging environments is a complex one, and can only be effectively achieved through combined efforts and commitment of individuals and institutions with complementary roles.

Handbook of Research on Hydroinformatics Technologies Theories and Applications

Handbook of Research on Hydroinformatics  Technologies  Theories and Applications Book
Author : Gasmelseid, Tagelsir Mohamed
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2010-07-31
ISBN : 1615209085
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book provides relevant theoretical frameworks and empirical research findings in the area hydroinformatics to assist professionals to improve their understanding of the development and use of decision support tools to support decision making and integrated water management at different organizational levels and domains"--Provided by publisher.

Evaluating the impact of multi intervention development projects The case of Ethiopia s community based integrated natural resources management project

Evaluating the impact of multi intervention development projects  The case of Ethiopia   s community based integrated natural resources management project Book
Author : Abate, Gashaw Tadesse,de Brauw, Alan,Minot, Nicholas,Vos, Rob,Warner, James M.,Wassie, Solomon B.,Yang, Shijie
Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Release : 2021-12-09
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This paper provides a quantitative impact assessment of the community-based integrated natural resources management project (CBINReMP) in the Lake Tana region in Ethiopia during 2011-2019. By promoting greater community participation, the CBINReMP provided support to watershed communities for the restoration of degraded soils and water sources, rehabilitation of forests, as well as in obtaining access to secure land titles and practices for climate change adaptation. The project further provided support towards diversification of incomes in off-farm activities and incentives for women’s empowerment and youth employment. This way the project aimed to support rural livelihoods through improvements in household incomes, dietary diversity, agricultural productivity, and resilience to climatic shocks, among other livelihood objectives. To assess the project’s impacts, the study had to deal with numerous methodological complications owing to as the project’s nature and design. The lack of a proper baseline survey, incomplete information about targeted watershed communities and often lack of clear distinction lines between the project’s interventions and support provided to communities through other mechanisms made it hard to identify the true impact of the CBINReMP. Four additional challenges had to be faced: possible selection biases because of non-random placement (targeting) of the project; self-selection of beneficiaries into receiving the project; possible spatial spill-over effects of project benefits to non-treatment communities, and the project’s phased rollout. A propensity-score matching procedure was adopted to assess the CBINReMP’s impacts by comparing treatment (beneficiary) and control groups outcomes related to the livelihood indicators listed above. This paper discusses how the mentioned complications were addressed to provide a sound assessments of the project’s true impacts. While certain limitations remain, the key finding that can be drawn with confidence is that the CBINReMP had only very limited, quantitatively verifiable impact on rural livelihoods. It seems to have contributed to higher household incomes and some greater dietary diversity, but only where the project managed greater community participation. However, even for those beneficiaries, livelihood conditions had not become significantly more productive, diversified, resilient, or sustainable than those of the comparison group. The paper ends with recommendations on how to avoid methodological obstacles through better design of the M&E framework for multi-intervention, community-based projects.

Green Technologies Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications

Green Technologies  Concepts  Methodologies  Tools and Applications Book
Author : Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2011-03-31
ISBN : 1609604733
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Green Technologies: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications assembles the most up-to-date collection of research results and recent discoveries in environmental and green technology. This comprehensive anthology covers a wide range of topics, i