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Insight on Environmental Genomics

Insight on Environmental Genomics Book
Author : Denis Faure,Dominique Joly
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-07-11
ISBN : 0081010915
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bringing together the latest methodological and scientific progress in the various research areas in the field of Environmental Genomics, this book discusses the characterization of the structure and dynamics of life, the study of the evolution and adaptation of genes and genomes, the analysis of degraded and/or old DNA, and the functional and genomic ecology of populations and communities. It also considers access to the production and sharing of NGS data and the quality of this data. As the product of the collective discussion of the active French scientific community, the book presents not only the latest technologies in the development of new sequencing methods, but also the resulting issues, challenges and prospects, in order to identify those aspects with the greatest potential for modeling and exploring the function of ecosystems. Includes recent updates from the field of environmental genomics Provides details of advances of methods and perspectives of their use Contains a multidisciplinary overview of the environmental sciences including taxonomy, ecology, evolution, and diversity Focuses on the impact of recent technology advances in high-throughput sequencing

Omics Insights in Environmental Bioremediation

Omics Insights in Environmental Bioremediation Book
Author : Vineet Kumar,Indu Shekhar Thakur
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-09-26
ISBN : 9811943206
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental pollution emanating from rapid industrialization, population growth, and urbanization has been considered a major problem in recent years that affects biodiversity, ecosystems, and human health by contaminating soil and water. This book brings out a comprehensive collection of information on valuable insights into different cutting-edge omics technologies, such as metagenomics, metatranscriptomics, metaproteomics, and metabolomics, along with advanced next-generation sequencing technologies as well as bioinformatic tools, which led to a better understanding of microbial communities and their adaptability to a wide range of contaminants and underlying their mechanisms in bioremediation and biodegradation of environmental pollutants. In addition, this edited volume provides critical insight into of potent microbial communities endowed with unique functional attributes through their unique metabolism catalyzed by ‘signature’ enzymes and degradation pathways. Step-by-step descriptions are provided of various microbial metabolic pathways of degradation and biotransformation of environmental contaminants by numerous illustrations which make the information easier to understand for the readers. Each chapter is devoted to selected examples of microbial bioremediation supported by tables, and an extensive list of references for readers interested in learning further details about the subject matter. This book is of interest to teachers, researchers to professionals, policymakers, stockholders, practitioners, environmental engineers, soil scientists, and policymakers. In addition, the book serves as additional comprehensive material for undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral students who require a working knowledge and knowhow of ‘Omics’ involved in and required for environmental remediation of legacy and emerging contaminants, will also find this to be a useful read.

Insights from Data with R

Insights from Data with R Book
Author : Owen L. Petchey,Professor of Integrative Ecology Owen L Petchey,Andrew P. Beckerman,Natalie Cooper,Dylan Z. Childs
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2021-02-25
ISBN : 0198849818
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This accessible and engaging book provides readers with the knowledge, experience, and confidence to work with raw data and unlock essential information (insights) from data summaries and visualisations.

Ecological Genomics

Ecological Genomics Book
Author : Christian R. Landry,Nadia Aubin-Horth
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-25
ISBN : 9400773471
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Researchers in the field of ecological genomics aim to determine how a genome or a population of genomes interacts with its environment across ecological and evolutionary timescales. Ecological genomics is trans-disciplinary by nature. Ecologists have turned to genomics to be able to elucidate the mechanistic bases of the biodiversity their research tries to understand. Genomicists have turned to ecology in order to better explain the functional cellular and molecular variation they observed in their model organisms. We provide an advanced-level book that covers this recent research and proposes future development for this field. A synthesis of the field of ecological genomics emerges from this volume. Ecological Genomics covers a wide array of organisms (microbes, plants and animals) in order to be able to identify central concepts that motivate and derive from recent investigations in different branches of the tree of life. Ecological Genomics covers 3 fields of research that have most benefited from the recent technological and conceptual developments in the field of ecological genomics: the study of life-history evolution and its impact of genome architectures; the study of the genomic bases of phenotypic plasticity and the study of the genomic bases of adaptation and speciation.

Environmental Genomics

Environmental Genomics Book
Author : C. Cristofre Martin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-01-18
ISBN : 1588297772
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Here is a manual for an environmental scientist who wishes to embrace genomics to answer environmental questions. The volume covers: gene expression profiling, whole genome and chromosome mutation detection, and methods to assay genome diversity and polymorphisms within a particular environment. This book provides a systematic framework for determining environmental impact and ensuring human health and the sustainability of natural populations.

An Introduction to Ecological Genomics

An Introduction to Ecological Genomics Book
Author : Nico M. van Straalen,Dick Roelofs
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0199594686
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The authors also provide a comparative survey of the properties of genomes (genome size, gene families, synteny, and polymorphism) for prokaryotes as well as the main eukaryotic models.

The New Science of Metagenomics

The New Science of Metagenomics Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Committee on Metagenomics: Challenges and Functional Applications
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2007-05-24
ISBN : 9780309185752
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although we can't usually see them, microbes are essential for every part of human life -- indeed all life on Earth. The emerging field of metagenomics offers a new way of exploring the microbial world that will transform modern microbiology and lead to practical applications in medicine, agriculture, alternative energy, environmental remediation, and many others areas. Metagenomics allows researchers to look at the genomes of all of the microbes in an environment at once, providing a "meta" view of the whole microbial community and the complex interactions within it. It's a quantum leap beyond traditional research techniques that rely on studying -- one at a time -- the few microbes that can be grown in the laboratory. At the request of the National Science Foundation, five Institutes of the National Institutes of Health, and the Department of Energy, the National Research Council organized a committee to address the current state of metagenomics and identify obstacles current researchers are facing in order to determine how to best support the field and encourage its success. The New Science of Metagenomics recommends the establishment of a "Global Metagenomics Initiative" comprising a small number of large-scale metagenomics projects as well as many medium- and small-scale projects to advance the technology and develop the standard practices needed to advance the field. The report also addresses database needs, methodological challenges, and the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration in supporting this new field.

Environmental DNA

Environmental DNA Book
Author : Pierre Taberlet,Aurélie Bonin,Lucie Zinger,Eric Coissac
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018-02-02
ISBN : 0191079995
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental DNA (eDNA) refers to DNA that can be extracted from environmental samples (such as soil, water, feces, or air) without the prior isolation of any target organism. The analysis of environmental DNA has the potential of providing high-throughput information on taxa and functional genes in a given environment, and is easily amenable to the study of both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. It can provide an understanding of past or present biological communities as well as their trophic relationships, and can thus offer useful insights into ecosystem functioning. There is now a rapidly-growing interest amongst biologists in applying analysis of environmental DNA to their own research. However, good practices and protocols dealing with environmental DNA are currently widely dispersed across numerous papers, with many of them presenting only preliminary results and using a diversity of methods. In this context, the principal objective of this practical handbook is to provide biologists (both students and researchers) with the scientific background necessary to assist with the understanding and implementation of best practices and analyses based on environmental DNA.

Proteomic and genomic techniques towards a better life in environmental research

Proteomic and genomic techniques towards a better life in environmental research Book
Author : Kehinde Sowunmi
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release : 2019-12-17
ISBN : 3346084256
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Seminar paper from the year 2019 in the subject Biology - Genetics / Gene Technology, , course: Cell Biology and Genetics, language: English, abstract: Proteome is the entire set of proteins encoded by the genome and proteomics is the discipline which studies the global set of proteins, their expression, function and structure. Knowledge of proteins is thus crucial in understanding the mechanism of any biological process. Although advances in genome sequencing have allowed the identification of a number of open reading frames (ORFs), but this information is far from complete. On an average, about 40% of the gene sequences detected in the genomic databases code for proteins of hypothetical or unknown function

Organism and Environment

Organism and Environment Book
Author : Sonia E. Sultan
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2015-09-10
ISBN : 019958706X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past decade, advances in both molecular developmental biology and evolutionary ecology have made possible a new understanding of organisms as dynamic systems interacting with their environments. This innovative book synthesizes a wealth of recent research findings to examine how environments influence phenotypic expression in individual organisms (ecological development or 'eco-devo'), and how organisms in turn alter their environments (niche construction). A key argument explored throughout the book is that ecological interactions as well as natural selection are shaped by these dual organism-environment effects. This synthesis is particularly timely as biologists seek a unified contemporary framework in which to investigate the developmental outcomes, ecological success, and evolutionary prospects of organisms in rapidly changing environments. Organism and Environment is an advanced text suitable for graduate level students taking seminar courses in ecology, evolution, and developmental biology, as well as academics and researchers in these fields.

OMICS

OMICS Book
Author : Debmalya Barh,Vasudeo Zambare,Vasco Azevedo
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-03-26
ISBN : 1466562811
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the advent of new technologies and acquired knowledge, the number of fields in omics and their applications in diverse areas are rapidly increasing in the postgenomics era. Such emerging fields—including pharmacogenomics, toxicogenomics, regulomics, spliceomics, metagenomics, and environomics—present budding solutions to combat global challenges in biomedicine, agriculture, and the environment. OMICS: Applications in Biomedical, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences provides valuable insights into the applications of modern omics technologies to real-world problems in the life sciences. Filling a gap in the literature, it offers a broad, multidisciplinary view of current and emerging applications of omics in a single volume. Written by highly experienced active researchers, each chapter describes a particular area of omics and the associated technologies and applications. Topics covered include: Proteomics, epigenomics, and pharmacogenomics Toxicogenomics and the assessment of environmental pollutants Applications of plant metabolomics Nutrigenomics and its therapeutic applications Microalgal omics and omics approaches in biofuel production Next-generation sequencing and omics technology for transgenic plant analysis Omics approaches in crop improvement Engineering dark-operative chlorophyll synthesis Computational regulomics Omics techniques for the analysis of RNA splicing New fields, including metagenomics, glycomics, and miRNA Breast cancer biomarkers for early detection Environomics strategies for environmental sustainability This timely book explores a wide range of omics application areas in the biomedical, agricultural, and environmental sciences. Throughout, it highlights working solutions as well as open problems and future challenges. Demonstrating the diversity of omics, it introduces readers to state-of-the-art developments and trends in omics-driven research.

Translational Cardiometabolic Genomic Medicine

Translational Cardiometabolic Genomic Medicine Book
Author : Annabelle Rodriguez-Oquendo
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-09-07
ISBN : 0128004746
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Translational Cardiometabolic Genomic Medicine, edited by Dr. Annabelle Rodriguez-Oquendo, is an important resource to postgraduate (medical, dental and graduate) students, postdoctoral fellows, basic scientists, and physician scientists seeking to understand and expand their knowledge base in the field of genomic medicine as it is applied to cardiometabolic diseases. This handbook integrates cutting-edge experimental approaches such as chromatin immunoprecipitation paired end tagging (CHIA-PET), to population studies such as the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. It encompasses a range of book chapters that highlight bioinformatic approaches to better understanding functionality of the noncoding regions of the human genome to the use of molecular diagnostic testing in predicting increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. Where applicable, this reference also includes chapters related to therapeutic options specifically aligned to molecular targets. Provides comprehensive research on translational genomic medicine Explains state-of-the-art genome editing for stem cells and mouse models with significant relevance to human cardiometabolic disease Includes discussions on the functional effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms and cardiometabolic diseases, stratified by sex and race Encompasses a range of book chapters that highlight bioinformatic approaches to better understanding functionality of the noncoding regions of the human genome

Biotechnology for Environmental Management and Resource Recovery

Biotechnology for Environmental Management and Resource Recovery Book
Author : Ramesh Chander Kuhad,Ajay Singh
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-25
ISBN : 8132208765
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Various types of secondary agriculture and forestry wastes represent valuable resource materials for developing alternate energy as biofuels and other value added products such as sugars, phenols, furans, organic acids, enzymes and digestible animal feed etc. However, if not managed properly, waste material and environmental contaminants generated by various industries such as food and feed, pulp and paper and textile may lead to severe environmental pollution. The energy, food and feed demand necessitate developing simple and economically viable technologies for environmental management and resource recovery. Microorganisms and their enzymes contribute significantly in utilization of plant residues, resource recovery and eventually in pollution mitigation. “Biotechnology for Environmental Management and Resource Recovery” presents a comprehensive review of selected research topics in a compendium of 16 chapters related to environmental pollution control and developing biotechnologies in agro-ecosystem management and bioconversion of agro-residues (lignocellulosics) into biofuels, animal feed and paper etc. This book provides a valuable resource for reference and text material to graduate and postgraduate students, researchers, scientists working in the area of microbiology, biotechnology, and environmental science and engineering.

Microorganisms in Environmental Management

Microorganisms in Environmental Management Book
Author : Tulasi Satyanarayana,Bhavdish Narain Johri,Anil Prakash
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-01-03
ISBN : 9400722281
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbes and their biosynthetic capabilities have been invaluable in finding solutions for several intractable problems mankind has encountered in maintaining the quality of the environment. They have, for example, been used to positive effect in human and animal health, genetic engineering, environmental protection, and municipal and industrial waste treatment. Microorganisms have enabled feasible and cost-effective responses which would have been impossible via straightforward chemical or physical engineering methods. Microbial technologies have of late been applied to a range of environmental problems, with considerable success. This survey of recent scientific progress in usefully applying microbes to both environmental management and biotechnology is informed by acknowledgement of the polluting effects on the world around us of soil erosion, the unwanted migration of sediments, chemical fertilizers and pesticides, and the improper treatment of human and animal wastes. These harmful phenomena have resulted in serious environmental and social problems around the world, problems which require us to look for solutions elsewhere than in established physical and chemical technologies. Often the answer lies in hybrid applications in which microbial methods are combined with physical and chemical ones. When we remember that these highly effective microorganisms, cultured for a variety of applications, are but a tiny fraction of those to be found in the world around us, we realize the vastness of the untapped and beneficial potential of microorganisms. At present, comprehending the diversity of hitherto uncultured microbes involves the application of metagenomics, with several novel microbial species having been discovered using culture-independent approaches. Edited by recognized leaders in the field, this penetrating assessment of our progress to date in deploying microorganisms to the advantage of environmental management and biotechnology will be widely welcomed.

Paleogenomics

Paleogenomics Book
Author : Charlotte Lindqvist,Om P. Rajora
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-07
ISBN : 3030047539
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in genome-scale DNA sequencing technologies have revolutionized genetic research on ancient organisms, extinct species, and past environments. When it is recoverable after hundreds or thousands of years of unintended preservation, “ancient DNA” (or aDNA) is often highly degraded, necessitating specialized handling and analytical approaches. Paleogenomics defines the field of reconstructing and analyzing the genomes of historic or long-dead organisms, most often through comparison with modern representatives of the same or similar species. The opportunity to isolate and study paleogenomes has radically transformed many fields, spanning biology, anthropology, agriculture, and medicine. Examples include understanding evolutionary relationships of extinct species known only from fossils, the domestication of plants and animals, and the evolution and geographical spread of certain pathogens. This pioneering book presents a snapshot view of the history, current status, and future prospects of paleogenomics, taking a broad viewpoint that covers a range of topics and organisms to provide an up-to-date status of the applications, challenges, and promise of the field. This book is intended for a variety of readerships, including upper-level undergraduate and graduate students, professionals and experts in the field, as well as anyone excited by the extraordinary insights that paleogenomics offers.

Molecular Biomethods Handbook

Molecular Biomethods Handbook Book
Author : John M. Walker,Ralph Rapley
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-11-04
ISBN : 9781603273756
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent advances in the biosciences have led to a range of powerful new technologies, particularly nucleic acid, protein and cell-based methodologies. The most recent insights have come to affect how scientists investigate and define cellular processes at the molecular level. This book expands upon the techniques included in the first edition, providing theory, outlines of practical procedures, and applications for a range of techniques. Written by a well-established panel of research scientists, the book provides an up-to-date collection of methods used regularly in the authors’ own research programs.

Emerging Technologies in Environmental Bioremediation

Emerging Technologies in Environmental Bioremediation Book
Author : Maulin P. Shah,Susana Rodriguez-Couto,S. Sevinc Sengor
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04-18
ISBN : 0128198613
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emerging Technologies in Environmental Bioremediation introduces emerging bioremediation technologies for the treatment and management of industrial wastes and other environmental pollutants for the sake of environmental sustainability. Emerging bioremediation approaches such as nano-bioremediation technology, electro-bioremediation technology, microbial fuel cell technology, Modified Ludzack-Ettinger Process, Modified Activated Sludge Process, and phytotechnologies for the remediation of industrial wastes/pollutants are discussed in a comprehensive manner not found in other books. Furthermore, the book includes updated information as well as future directions for research in the field of bioremediation of industrial wastes. This book will be extremely useful to students, researchers, scientists and professionals in the field of microbiology and biotechnology, Bio (chemical) engineers, environmental researchers, eco-toxicology, and many more. Includes the recovery of resources from wastewater Describes the importance of microorganisms in environmental bioremediation technologies Points out the reuse of treated wastewater through emerging technologies Pays attention to the occurrence of novel micro-pollutants Emphasizes the role of nanotechnology in pollutant bioremediation

Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis Book
Author : Nafees Khan
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release : 2014-01-12
ISBN : 9781634633048
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Photosynthesis is a well-regulated process utilising solar energy for storage as chemical energy to meet the plants metabolic needs. It is the key phenomenon that augments plant growth and development under all conditions and is considered as the ultimate source of life for all plant and human life. Although the basic processes of photosynthesis and their importance to the agricultural system for food security have been recognised about two centuries ago, there is an increasing need for intense research considering the population explosion. As the demand for food is expected to increase twofold by 2030, the efforts by plant scientists are necessary to improve the yield of food crops for sustainable development. The improvements in yield of crops can be attained by the protection of photosynthetic apparatus in the current changing environment, where degradation of soil, air and water quality has posed challenges to photosynthetic potential of plants. It has been estimated that the increasing salinization of land will result in the loss of 50% cultivated land by 2050. The situation will further aggravate with the contamination of soil and water by heavy metals. The concentration of CO2 is expected to rise to as much as 500-1000 ppm by 2100 which can lead to increases in global mean temperature by approximately 1°C to 3°C above the present value by 2025 and 2100, respectively. Photosynthesis is one the first processes inhibited under the changing environment leading to reduction of growth and productivity of plants.

Pseudomonas New Insights for the Healthcare Professional 2012 Edition

Pseudomonas  New Insights for the Healthcare Professional  2012 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2012-12-10
ISBN : 1464970718
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pseudomonas: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional / 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about Pseudomonas in a concise format. The editors have built Pseudomonas: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional / 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Pseudomonas in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Pseudomonas: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional / 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Soil Metagenomics

Soil Metagenomics Book
Author : T.C.K. Sugitha,Asish K. Binodh,K. Ramasamy,U. Sivakumar
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-12-16
ISBN : 1000332616
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the recent advents and technological breakthroughs in metagenomic approaches coupled with their applications in agriculture. The intended audience include soil and environmental microbiologists, molecular biologists and policy makers. The book expertly describes the latest fourth generation metagenomic technologies from sample collection to data analysis, metatranscriptomic, metaproteomic and metabolomics studies Note: T& F does not sell or distribute the Hardback in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.