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Insect Resistance Management

Insect Resistance Management Book
Author : David W. Onstad
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-10-08
ISBN : 0123972337
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neither pest management nor resistance management can occur with only an understanding of pest biology. For years, entomologists have understood, with their use of economic thresholds, that at least a minimal use of economics was necessary for proper integrated pest management. IRM is even more complicated and dependent on understanding and using socioeconomic factors. The new edition of Insect Resistance Management addresses these issues and much more. Many new ideas, facts and case studies have been developed since the previous edition of Insect Resistance Management published. With a new chapter focusing on Resistance Mechanisms Related to Plant-incorporated Toxins and heavily expanded revisions of several existing chapters, this new volume will be an invaluable resource for IRM researchers, practitioners, professors and advanced students. Authors in this edition include professors at major universities, leaders in the chemical and seed industry, evolutionary biologists and active IRM practitioners. This revision also contains more information about IRM outside North America, and a modeling chapter contains a large new section on uncertainty analysis, a subject recently emphasized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The final chapter contains a section on insecticidal seed treatments. No other book has the breadth of coverage of Insect Resistance Management, 2e. It not only covers molecular to economic issues, but also transgenic crops, seed treatments and other pest management tactics such as crop rotation. Major themes continuing from the first edition include the importance of using IRM in the integrated pest management paradigm, the need to study and account for pest behavior, and the influence of human behavior and decision making in IRM. Provides insights from the history of insect resistance management (IRM) to the latest science Includes contributions from experts on ecological aspects of IRM, molecular and population genetics, economics, and IRM social issues Offers biochemistry and molecular genetics of insecticides presented with an emphasis on recent research Encourages scientists and stakeholders to implement and coordinate strategies based on local social conditions

Advances in Insect Control and Resistance Management

Advances in Insect Control and Resistance Management Book
Author : A. Rami Horowitz,Isaac Ishaaya
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-26
ISBN : 3319318004
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers advanced concepts and creative ideas with regard to insect biorational control and insecticide resistance management. Some chapters present and summarize general strategies or tactics for managing insect pests such as the principles of IPM in various crop systems and biorational control of insect pests, advances in organic farming, alternative strategies for controlling orchard and field-crop pests. Other chapters cover alternative methods for controlling pests such as disruption of insect reproductive systems and utilization of semiochemicals and diatomaceous earth formulations, and developing bioacoustic methods for mating disruption. Another part is devoted to insecticide resistance: mechanisms and novel approaches for managing insect resistance in agriculture and in public health.

Integration of Insect Resistant Genetically Modified Crops within IPM Programs

Integration of Insect Resistant Genetically Modified Crops within IPM Programs Book
Author : Jörg Romeis,Anthony M. Shelton,George Kennedy
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-07-01
ISBN : 1402083734
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Insect pests remain one of the main constraints to food and fiber production worldwide despite farmers deploying a range of techniques to protect their crops. Modern pest control is guided by the principles of integrated pest management (IPM) with pest resistant germplasm being an important part of the foundation. Since 1996, when the first genetically modified (GM) insect-resistant maize variety was commercialized in the USA, the area planted to insect-resistant GM varieties has grown dramatically, representing the fastest adoption rate of any agricultural technology in human history. The goal of our book is to provide an overview on the role insect-resistant GM plants play in different crop systems worldwide. We hope that the book will contribute to a more rational debate about the role GM crops can play in IPM for food and fiber production.

The Emergence of Insect Resistance in Bt corn Implication of Resistance Management Information under Uncertainty

The Emergence of Insect Resistance in Bt corn  Implication of Resistance Management Information under Uncertainty Book
Author : Nicholas A. Linacre and Colin J. Thompson
Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Release : 2021-07-25
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Emergence of Insect Resistance in Bt corn Implication of Resistance Management Information under Uncertainty book written by Nicholas A. Linacre and Colin J. Thompson, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Economics of Integrated Pest Management of Insects

The Economics of Integrated Pest Management of Insects Book
Author : David W Onstad,Philip Crain
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2019-09-02
ISBN : 1786393670
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book begins by establishing an economic framework upon which to apply the principles of IPM. Then, it looks at the entomological applications of economics, specifically, economic analyses concerning chemical, biological, cultural, and genetic control tactics as well as host plant resistance and the cost of sampling. Lastly it evaluates whether the control provided by a traditional IPM system is sufficient, or if changes to the system design would yield greater benefits.

Insecticides Resistance

Insecticides Resistance Book
Author : Stanislav Trdan
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-03-02
ISBN : 9535122584
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains 20 chapters, which are divided into 5 sections. Section 1 covers different aspects of insecticide resistance of selected economically important plant insect pests, whereas section 2 includes chapters about the importance, development and insecticide resistance management in controlling malaria vectors. Section 3 is dedicated to some general questions in insecticide resistance, while the main topic of section 4 is biochemical approaches of insecticide resistance mechanisms. Section 5 covers ecologically acceptable approaches for overcoming insecticide resistance, such are the use of mycoinsecticides, and understanding the role of some plant chemical compounds, which are important in interactions between plants, their pests and biological control agents.

Management Practices for Insect Resistance in Bt Maize

Management Practices for Insect Resistance in Bt Maize Book
Author : Gleberson Guillen Piccinin
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The failure to reduce the population of a phytophagous species recognized as a key pest in a given situation usually occurs by not using the principles of Integrated Pest Management (IPM). The control of insect pests in agriculture has been done mainly through the application of chemical insecticides. However, chemical insecticides has lost effectiveness due to the selection of populations of resistant insects and cause adverse environmental effects. The main resistance management programs (IRM) strategy is the use of 'high dose/refuge', which involves the use of high dose of Bt protein in plants, promoting high mortality of heterozygotes associated with the planting of refuge, ie, a proportion of the crop in which it must be planted a non-Bt variety, allowing the survival of susceptible individuals. The emergence of Bt crops is an important step between the tactics available for pest control in various crops such as maize, canola, cotton and, in the near future, soybeans.

Insecticides with Novel Modes of Action

Insecticides with Novel Modes of Action Book
Author : Isaac Ishaaya,Danny Degheele
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 3662035650
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The future of insect control looked very bright in the 1950s and 1960s with new insecticides constantly coming onto the market. Today, however, whole classes of pesticide chemistry have fallen by the wayside due to misuse which generated resistance problems reaching crisis proportions, severe adverse effects on the environment, and public outcry that has led to increasingly stricter regulation and legislation. It is with this background, demanding the need for safer, environmentally friendly pesticides and new strategies to reduce resistance problems, that this book was written. The authors of the various chapters have a wealth of experience in pesticide chemistry, biochemical modes of action, mechanism of resistance and application, and have presented concise reviews. Each is actively involved in thedevelopment of new groups of pesticide chemistry which led to the development of novel insecticides with special impact in controlling agricultural pests. Emphasis has been given to insecticides with selective properties, such as insect growth regulators hormone mimics, ecdysone agonists), (chitin synthesis inhibitors, juvenile chloronicotinyl insecticides (imidacloprid, acetamiprid), botanical insecticides (neem, plant oils), pymetrozine, diafenthiuron, pyrrole insecticides, and others. The importance of these compounds, as components in integrated pest management programs and in insecticide resistance management strategies, is discussed. The data presented are essential in establishing new technologies and developing novel groups of compounds which will have impact on our future agricultural practices.

Pesticide Management and Insecticide Resistance

Pesticide Management and Insecticide Resistance Book
Author : David Watson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323143806
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pesticide Management and Insecticide Resistance explores the problem of insect resistance to pesticides and reviews various approaches to pesticide management and safety. It looks at the environmental hazards of pesticide residues and their regulation, along with application techniques aimed at maximum efficiency against the pest and minimum waste to pollution, safety considerations in the development of pest control programs, and pesticide monitoring. Divided into eight parts encompassing 49 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the global pesticide industry and the costs of commercializing pesticides relative to their profit potential. It then introduces the reader to the release of fluorohydrocarbon propellants in pesticidal aerosols and their hazards to the ozone layer, management of pests in urban environments, international plant protection, the current status of DDT, the importance of training pest-control personnel, and procedures of forest spraying. Other chapters focus on pesticide management safety from a medical perspective; pesticide safety as it relates to the manufacturing, warehousing, and distribution of pesticides; importance of pesticide application equipment and related field practices in developing countries; and the importance of pesticides in successful pest management programs. This book is a valuable resource for scientists, students, researchers, and policymakers who want to ensure the safety of consumers, applicators, and harvesters when using pesticides.

Theory And Practice Of Integrated Pest Management

Theory And Practice Of Integrated Pest Management Book
Author : Dhawan, A.K.,Singh, Balwinder,Arora, R.
Publisher : Scientific Publishers
Release : 2012-06-01
ISBN : 9386347822
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The dominance of insects in the world fauna has made them the humanity's greatest rival for the world's food resources, both directly by eating the plants cultivated for food and indirectly as vectors of pathogens attacking these plants. Agricultural scientists and especially entomologists have strived hard to develop a diversity of cultural, mechanical, biological and chemical weapons during the last more than two centuries to gain dominance over insects. However, there is evidence that insect pest problems have escalated with an increasing cropping intensity and with the use of agrochemicals inherent in modern agriculture. Consequently, Indian plant protection scientists have intensified research on the development of pest management tactics and effective pest management systems have been designed for all the important crops in the country. This book, consisting of 29 chapters, draws together the diverse literature on the subject of insect pest management in agriculture and contains contributions written by scientists having extensive experience with insect pest problems in Indian agriculture. The first half of the book is devoted to the principles and components of pest management including factors affecting pest populations, construction of life tables, coevolution of insects and plants, pest forecasting, pesticides, IGRs, botanicals, entomopathogenic nematodes and molecular approaches, etc. The different tactics for the management of major insect pests of principal agricultural crops of India, viz. rice, maize, wheat, forage crops, cotton, sugarcane, vegetables, fruits, oilseeds, pulse crops, jute, mesta and tobacco have been discussed in the second half of the book. The book contains a wealth of information on all aspects of insect pest management in agriculture under Indian conditions and would prove indispensable for students, teachers and researchers in agricultural entomology in India and other Asian countries.

EPA and USDA Position Paper on Insect Resistance Management in Bt Crops

EPA and USDA Position Paper on Insect Resistance Management in Bt Crops Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download EPA and USDA Position Paper on Insect Resistance Management in Bt Crops book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Insect Resistance Management

Insect Resistance Management Book
Author : David W. Onstad
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2007-12-05
ISBN : 9780080554174
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Insects, mites, and ticks have a long history of evolving resistance to pesticides, host-plant resistance, crop rotation, pathogens, and parasitoids. Insect resistance management (IRM) is the scientific approach to preventing or delaying pest evolution and its negative impacts on agriculture, public health, and veterinary issues. This book provides entomologists, pest management practitioners, developers of new technologies, and regulators with information about the many kinds of pest resistance including behavioral and phenological resistance. Abstract concepts and various case studies provide the reader with the biological and economic knowledge required to manage resistance. No other source has the breadth of coverage of this book: genomics to economics, transgenic insecticidal crops, insecticides, and other pest management tactics such as crop rotation. Dr. David W. Onstad and a team of experts illustrate how IRM becomes efficient, effective and socially acceptable when local, social and economic aspects of the system are considered. Historical lessons are highlighted with new perspectives emphasized, so that future research and management may be informed by past experience, but not constrained by it. * First book in 15 years to provide the history and explore aspects of a variety of stakeholders * Contributors include experts on ecological aspects of IRM, molecular and population genetics, economics, and IRM social issues * Biochemistry and molecular genetics of insecticides presented with an mphasis on past 15 years of research including Cry proteins in transgenic crops * Encourages scientists and stakeholders to implement and coordinate strategies based on local social conditions

Biotechnology and Insect Pest Management

Biotechnology and Insect Pest Management Book
Author : Daxton Ware
Publisher : Scientific e-Resources
Release : 2019-01-22
ISBN : 1839471794
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biotechnology has contribute much to the field of insect pest management so far, from side to side development of transgenic plants and other novel ecofriendly products to manage insects. Recognition of the importance and relevance of biotechnological applications in insect control is gaining momentum. There is also improved interest among scientists in developing novel strategies for insect pest management. Realizing the possible benefits and constraints in the use of biotechnology in insect pest management, a national symposium on 'Biotechnology and Insect Pest Management' was organized freshly. Deliberations during the symposium covered various aspects such as insect resistant transgenic crops, microbial pesticides - process and development, botanical pesticides - process and development, hybridization techniques in the production of potential natural enemies, insect and animal vectors of diseases and biosafety concerns, etc. Genetic engineering has been used to enhance the insecticidal efficacy of various strains of Bt by increasing virulence, extending host range, and increasing field stability, and by introducing alternative toxins to facilitate resistance management. Techniques have been developed for production by genetic means of new strains of Bt with new combinations of toxin genes. Crop varieties resistant to insects are far less common than disease-resistant varieties, because plant breeders have traditionally focused more on disease resistance. However, if they are available, resistant varieties can be an effective defense against insect pests. But even when insect-resistant cultivars are not available, some varieties may be less attractive to pest species or may tolerate more damage than others. Plant size, shape, coloration, leaf hair, cuticle thickness, and natural chemicals (attractants and repellents) can all affect pest susceptibility. Farmers can do their own breeding by collecting non-hybrid seed from healthy plants in the field. Plants well adapted to local conditions will be more likely to resist pests. This book throws new light on alternative technologies to control insect pests. Scientists from different institutions from all over world have provided various biotechnology based techniques and other means to manage insect pests.

Insect Pest Management

Insect Pest Management Book
Author : Jack E. Rechcigl,Nancy A. Rechcigl
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-27
ISBN : 9781439822685
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Insect pest control continues to be a challenge for agricultural producers and researchers. Insect resistance to commonly used pesticides and the removal of toxic pesticides from the market have taken their toll on the ability of agricultural producers to produce high quality, pest-free crops within economical means. In addition to this, they must not endanger their workers or the environment. We depend on agriculture for food, feed, and fiber, making it an essential part of our economy. Many people take agriculture for granted while voicing concern over adverse effects of agricultural production practices on the environment. Insect Pest Management presents a balanced overview of environmentally safe and ecologically sound practices for managing insects. This book covers specific ecological measures, environmentally acceptable physical control measures, use of chemical pesticides, and a detailed account of agronomic and other cultural practices. It also includes a chapter on state-of-the-art integrated pest management based, a section on biological control, and lastly a section devoted to legal and legislative issues. Insect Pest Management approaches its subject in a systematic and comprehensive manner. It serves as a useful resource for professionals in the fields of entomology, agronomy, horticulture, ecology, and environmental sciences, as well as to agricultural producers, industrial chemists, and people concerned with regulatory and legislative issues.

Summary and Recommendations Workshop on Integrated Pest Management and Insect Resistance Management IPM IRM in Legume Crops in Asia 19 22 Mar 1991 Pornping Tower Chiang Mai Thailand

Summary and Recommendations  Workshop on Integrated Pest Management and Insect Resistance Management  IPM IRM  in Legume Crops in Asia  19 22 Mar 1991  Pornping Tower  Chiang Mai  Thailand Book
Author : Legumes Program (International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Summary and Recommendations Workshop on Integrated Pest Management and Insect Resistance Management IPM IRM in Legume Crops in Asia 19 22 Mar 1991 Pornping Tower Chiang Mai Thailand book written by Legumes Program (International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Pest Resistance to Pesticides

Pest Resistance to Pesticides Book
Author : G. P. Georghiou
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-03-19
ISBN : 9781468444681
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development of resistance to pesticides is generally acknowledged as one of the most serious obstacles to effective pest control today. Since house flies first developed resistance to DDT in 1946, more than 428 species of arthropods, at least 91 species of plant pathogens, five species of noxious weeds and two species of nematodes were reported to have developed strains resistant to on~ or more pesticides. A seminar of U. S. and Japanese scientists was held in Palm Springs, California, during December 3-7, 1979, under the U. S. -Japan Cooperative Science Program, in order to evaluate the status of research on resistance and to discuss directions for future emphasis. A total of 32 papers were presented under three principal topics: Origins and Dynamics of Resistance (6), Mechanisms of Resistance (18), and Suppression and Management of Resistance (8). The seminar was unique in that it brought together for the first time researchers from the disciplines of entomology, plant pathology and weed science for a comprehensive discussion of this common problem. Significant advances have been identified in (a) the development of methods for detection and monitoring of resistance in arthropods (electrophoresis, diagnostic dosage tests) and plant pathogens, (b) research on biochemical and physiological mechanisms of resis tance (cytochrome p450, sensitivity of target site, gene regulation), (c) the identification and quantification of biotic, genetic and operational factors influencing the evolution of resistance, and (d) the exploration of pest management approaches incorporating resis tance-delaying measures.

Breeding Plants Resistant to Insects

Breeding Plants Resistant to Insects Book
Author : Fowden G. Maxwell,Peter Randolph Jennings
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 1980
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant resistance to insects. Types and classification of resistance. Biochemical and morphological bases of resistance. Genetic factors affecting expession and stability of resistance. Environmental factors influencing the magnitude and expression of resistance. Insect behavior and plant resistance. Insects and plant pathogens. The pathosystem concept. The problem of variable pests. The use of plant incect models. Resistant varieties in pest management systems. Germplasm resources and needs. Breeding systems for resistance breeding for resistance in specific crops. Breeding approches in alfalfa. Breeding approaches in cassava. Breeding cotton for resistance to insect pests. Breeding approaches in rice. Breeding sorghums resistant to insects. Breeding forest trees resistance to insects. Breeding approaches in wheat. Future opportunities and directions.

Insect Pest Management

Insect Pest Management Book
Author : A. Rami Horowitz,Isaac Ishaaya
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 3662079135
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores ecologically sound and innovative techniques in insect pest management in field and protected crops. From a general overview of pest management to new biorational insecticides such as insect growth regulators, and new strategies to reduce resistance, the coverage is entirely up-to-date. Other chapters describe advances in pest management of important crops such as cotton, corn, oilseed rape and various vegetables.

Insect Pests of Potato

Insect Pests of Potato Book
Author : Andrei Alyokhin,Charles Vincent,Philippe Giordanengo
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123868955
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Insect Pests of Potato: Biology and Management provides a comprehensive source of up-to-date scientific information on the biology and management of insects attacking potato crops, with an international and expert cast of contributors providing its contents. This book presents a complete review of the scientific literature from the considerable research effort over the last 15 years, providing the necessary background information to the subject of studying the biology management of insect pests of potatoes, assessment of recent scientific advances, and a list of further readings. This comprehensive review will be of great benefit to a variety of scientists involved in potato research and production, as well as to those facing similar issues in other crop systems. Written by top experts in the field, this is the only publication covering the biology, ecology and management of all major potato pests Emphasizes ecological and evolutionary approaches to pest management Summarizes information from hard-to-get publications in China, India, and Russia

Ecofriendly Pest Management for Food Security

Ecofriendly Pest Management for Food Security Book
Author : Omkar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-02-03
ISBN : 0128032669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecofriendly Pest Management for Food Security explores the broad range of opportunity and challenges afforded by Integrated Pest Management systems. The book focuses on the insect resistance that has developed as a result of pest control chemicals, and how new methods of environmentally complementary pest control can be used to suppress harmful organisms while protecting the soil, plants, and air around them. As the world’s population continues its rapid increase, this book addresses the production of cereals, vegetables, fruits, and other foods and their subsequent demand increase. Traditional means of food crop production face proven limitations and increasing research is turning to alternative means of crop growth and protection. Addresses environmentally focused pest control with specific attention to its role in food security and sustainability. Includes a range of pest management methods, from natural enemies to biomolecules. Written by experts with extensive real-world experience.