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Inorganic Polymeric And Composite Membranes

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Inorganic Polymeric and Composite Membranes

Inorganic Polymeric and Composite Membranes Book
Author : S. Ted Oyama,Susan M Stagg-Williams
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-05-04
ISBN : 0444537295
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inorganic, Polymeric and Composite Membranes: Structure-Function and Other Correlations covers the latest technical advances in topics such as structure-function relationships for polymeric, inorganic, and composite membranes. Leading scientists provide in depth reviews and disseminate cutting-edge research results on correlations but also discuss new materials, characterization, modelling, computational simulation, process concepts, and spectroscopy. Unified by fundamental general correlations theme Many graphical examples Covers all major membrane types

Membrane Science and Technology Series

Membrane Science and Technology Series Book
Author : S. Ted Oyama,Susan M. Stagg-Williams
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Membrane Science and Technology Series book written by S. Ted Oyama,Susan M. Stagg-Williams, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Organic inorganic Composite Membranes For Molecular Separation

Organic inorganic Composite Membranes For Molecular Separation Book
Author : Jin Wanqin,Liu Gongping,Xu Nanping
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2017-09-27
ISBN : 1786342936
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gives comprehensive information on the design, preparation and application of organic-inorganic composite membranes that are used for molecular separation. Various membrane types with different materials are highlighted, including polymer/ceramic composite membranes, mixed matrix membranes, metal-organic frameworks membranes and graphene-based membranes. Physical and chemical properties, morphologies, interfacial behaviors, transport characteristics and separation performance of the organic-inorganic composite membranes are thoroughly discussed based on advanced characterization techniques. Meanwhile, the book contains several typical applications of the membranes in fields such as bio-fuels production, organic compounds recovery, solvent dehydration, carbon dioxide capture and others. In addition, large-scale production and industrial implementation of the organic-inorganic composite membranes are briefly introduced. Contents: IntroductionPrinciples of Pervaporation and Gas Separation in Membrane ProcessPolymer/Ceramic Composite MembranesMetal-Organic Frameworks MembranesGraphene-Based MembranesMixed Matrix MembranesNovel Characterization TechniquesScale-Up Fabrication and Industrial ApplicationConclusion and Prospective Readership: Researchers, academics, professionals and graduate students in chemical engineering, materials engineering, surface chemistry, new materials and polymers. Keywords: Organic-Inorganic Membrane;Pervaporation;Gas Separation;Mixed Matrix Membrane;Graphene Membrane;MOF MembraneReview:0

Organic Inorganic Composite Polymer Electrolyte Membranes

Organic Inorganic Composite Polymer Electrolyte Membranes Book
Author : Dr Inamuddin,Ali Mohammad,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-06-13
ISBN : 3319527398
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume explores the latest developments in the area of polymer electrolyte membranes (PEMs) used for high-temperature fuel cells. Featuring contributions from an international array of researchers, it presents a unified viewpoint on the operating principles of fuel cells, various methodologies used for the fabrication of PEMs, and issues related to the chemical and mechanical stabilities of the membranes. Special attention is given to the fabrication of electrospun nanocomposite membranes. The editors have consciously placed an emphasis on developments in the area of fast-growing and promising PEM materials obtained via hygroscopic inorganic fillers, solid proton conductors, heterocyclic solvents, ionic liquids, anhydrous H3PO4 blends, and heteropolyacids. This book is intended for fuel cell researchers and students who are interested in a deeper understanding of the organic–inorganic membranes used in fuel cells, membrane fabrication methodologies, properties and clean energy applications.

Advanced Reverse Osmosis Membranes for Desalination and Inorganic polymer Composite Membranes for Co2 Capture

Advanced Reverse Osmosis Membranes for Desalination and Inorganic polymer Composite Membranes for Co2 Capture Book
Author : Lin Zhao,OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations Center
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

CO2 produced from coal-fired plants contributes to 40% of the total CO2 emission. Therefore, post-combustion CO2 capture from flue gas is crucial to reduce the anthropogenic impact on global climate change. Absorption, adsorption and membrane technology have been developed and investigated for this application. Membrane technology shows great potential for CO2 capture due to its low energy consumption, simple operation and maintenance, and compact configuration.

Gas Separation Membranes

Gas Separation Membranes Book
Author : Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Kailash Chandra Khulbe,Takeshi Matsuura
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-04-28
ISBN : 3319010956
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the tremendous progress that has been made in the development of gas separation membranes based both on inorganic and polymeric materials. Materials discussed include polymer inclusion membranes (PIMs), metal organic frameworks (MOFs), carbon based materials, zeolites, as well as other materials, and mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) in which the above novel materials are incorporated. This broad survey of gas membranes covers material, theory, modeling, preparation, characterization (for example, by AFM, IR, XRD, ESR, Positron annihilation spectroscopy), tailoring of membranes, membrane module and system design, and applications. The book is concluded with some perspectives about the future direction of the field.

Polymeric and Polymer inorganic Composite Membranes for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

Polymeric and Polymer inorganic Composite Membranes for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Book
Author : Melinda Lou Hill
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Several types of novel proton exchange membranes which could be used for both direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) and hydrogen/air fuel cells were investigated in this work. One of the main challenges for DMFC membranes is high methanol crossover. Nafion, the current perfluorosulfonic acid copolymer benchmark membrane for both DMFCs and hydrogen/air fuel cells, shows very high methanol crossover. Directly copolymerized disulfonated poly(arylene ether sulfone)s copolymers doped with zirconium phosphates and phenyl phosphonates were synthesized and showed a significant reduction in methanol permeability. These copolymer/inorganic nanocomposite hybrid membranes show lower water uptake and conductivity than Nafion and neat poly(arylene ether sulfone)s copolymers, but in some cases have similar or even slightly improved DMFC performance due to the lower methanol permeability. These membranes also show advantages for high temperature applications because of the reinforcing effect of the filler, which helps to maintain the modulus of the membrane, allowing the membrane to maintain proton conductivity even above the hydrated glass transition temperature (Tg) of the copolymer. Sulfonated zirconium phenyl phosphonate additives were also synthesized, and membranes incorporating these materials and disulfonated poly(arylene ether sulfone)s showed promising proton conductivity over a wide range of relative humidities. Single-Tg polymer blend membranes were studied, which incorporated disulfonated poly(arylene ether sulfone) with varied amounts of polybenzimidazole. The polybenzimidazole served to decrease the water uptake and methanol permeability of the membranes, resulting in promising DMFC and hydrogen/air fuel cell performance.

Physical Chemistry of Inorganic Polymeric and Composite Materials

Physical Chemistry of Inorganic  Polymeric  and Composite Materials Book
Author : Renat Sali︠a︡khovich Saĭfullin
Publisher : Ellis Horwood Limited
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This review of inorganic heterophase materials addresses the structure and physical and chemical properties of advanced inorganic solids. The author approaches the subject from the viewpoint of inorganic solids as polymers, examining both their formation and modern investigation methods.

Membrane Fabrication

Membrane Fabrication Book
Author : Nidal Hilal,Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Chris Wright
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-03-02
ISBN : 1482210460
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membranes play a crucial role in ensuring the optimum use and recovery of materials in manufacturing. In the process industries, they are required for efficient production and minimization of environmental impact. They are also essential for the efficient production of clean water, a significant global issue. Membrane Fabrication brings together ex

Novel Inorganic Polymer Composite Membranes for CO2 Capture

Novel Inorganic Polymer Composite Membranes for CO2 Capture Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Novel Inorganic Polymer Composite Membranes for CO2 Capture book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Inorganic Membranes Synthesis Characterization and Applications

Inorganic Membranes  Synthesis  Characterization and Applications Book
Author : Reyes Mallada,Miguel Menéndez
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-05-01
ISBN : 9780080558004
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The withstanding properties of inorganic membranes provide a set of tools for solving many of the problems that the society is facing, from environmental to energy problems and from water quality to more competitive industries. Such a wide variety of issues requires a fundamental approach, together with the precise description of applications provided by those researchers that have been close to the industrial applications. The contents of this book expand the lectures given in a Summer School of the European Membrane Society. They combine an easily accessible description of the technology, suitable for the graduate level, with the most advanced developments and the prospective of future applications. The large variety of membrane types makes almost compulsory to select a specialist for each of them, and this has been the approach selected in this book. In the case of porous membranes, the advances are related to the synthesis of microporous materials such as silica, carbon and zeolite membranes and hollow fibre membranes. A chapter covers the increasingly relevant hybrid membranes. Attention is also devoted to dense inorganic membranes, experiencing constantly improved properties. The applications of all these membranes are considered throughout the book. Covers all the inorganic membranes field, by different experts It comes from a European Summer School It includes future directions in the field

Membranes For Gas Separations

Membranes For Gas Separations Book
Author : Carreon Moises A
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2017-08-11
ISBN : 9813207728
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims at illustrating several examples of different membrane compositions ranging from inorganic, polymeric, metallic, metal organic framework, and composite which have been successfully deployed to separate industrially relevant gas mixtures including hydrogen, nitrogen, methane, carbon dioxide, olefins/parafins among others. Each book chapter highlights some of the current and key fundamental and technological challenges for these membranes that must be overcome in order to envision its application at industrial level. Contents: Mixed Matrix Membranes for Gas Separation Applications (Maria Carreon, Ganpat Dahe, Jie Feng and Surendar R Venna)Ceramic-Supported Organic Composite Membranes for Gas Separation (Gongping Liu and Wanqin Jin)Molecular Modeling of MOF Membranes for Gas Separations (Ilknur Erucar and Seda Keskin)Membrane Processes for N2–CH4 Separation (Shiguang Li, Zhaowang Zong, Miao Yu and Moises A Carreon)Polymer Blend Membranes for Gas Separations (Charles J Holt, Juan P Vizuet, Inga H Musselman, Kenneth J Balkus Jr and John P Ferraris)Manipulating Polyimide Nanostructures via Cross-linking for Membrane Gas Separation (Lingxiang Zhu, Maryam Omidvar and Haiqing Lin)Dense Inorganic Membranes for Hydrogen Separation (Sean-Thomas B Lundin, Neil S Patki, Thomas F Fuerst, Sandrine Ricote, Colin A Wolden and J Douglas Way) Readership: Graduate students and professionals in the field of membranes, gas separations and chemical engineering. Membranes;Gas Separations;Zeolites;Polymers;MetalsKey Features: Covers diverse industrially relevant gas separationsIllustrates different membrane compositionsChapters devoted to both experimental and modelling studies

Handbook of Membrane Reactors

Handbook of Membrane Reactors Book
Author : Angelo Basile
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-02-08
ISBN : 0857097334
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane reactors are increasingly replacing conventional separation, process and conversion technologies across a wide range of applications. Exploiting advanced membrane materials, they offer enhanced efficiency, are very adaptable and have great economic potential. There has therefore been increasing interest in membrane reactors from both the scientific and industrial communities, stimulating research and development. The two volumes of the Handbook of membrane reactors draw on this research to provide an authoritative review of this important field. Volume 1 explores fundamental materials science, design and optimisation, beginning with a review of polymeric, dense metallic and composite membranes for membrane reactors in part one. Polymeric and nanocomposite membranes for membrane reactors, inorganic membrane reactors for hydrogen production, palladium-based composite membranes and alternatives to palladium-based membranes for hydrogen separation in membrane reactors are all discussed. Part two goes on to investigate zeolite, ceramic and carbon membranes and catalysts for membrane reactors in more depth. Finally, part three explores membrane reactor modelling, simulation and optimisation, including the use of mathematical modelling, computational fluid dynamics, artificial neural networks and non-equilibrium thermodynamics to analyse varied aspects of membrane reactor design and production enhancement. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, the two volumes of the Handbook of membrane reactors provide an authoritative guide for membrane reactor researchers and materials scientists, chemical and biochemical manufacturers, industrial separations and process engineers, and academics in this field. Considers polymeric, dense metallic and composite membranes for membrane reactors Discusses cereamic and carbon for membrane reactors in detail Reactor modelling, simulation and optimisation is also discussed

Organic inorganic Composite Membranes for Molecular Separation

Organic inorganic Composite Membranes for Molecular Separation Book
Author : Wanqin Jin (Chemical engineer),Gongping Liu,Nanping Xu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 9781786342928
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book gives comprehensive information on the design, preparation and application of organic-inorganic composite membranes that are used for molecular separation. Various membrane types with different materials are highlighted, including polymer/ceramic composite membranes, mixed matrix membranes, metal-organic frameworks membranes and graphene-based membranes. Physical and chemical properties, morphologies, interfacial behaviors, transport characteristics and separation performance of the organic-inorganic composite membranes are thoroughly discussed based on advanced characterization techniques. Meanwhile, the book contains several typical applications of the membranes in fields such as bio-fuels production, organic compounds recovery, solvent dehydration, carbon dioxide capture and others. In addition, large-scale production and industrial implementation of the organic-inorganic composite membranes are briefly introduced."--Publisher's website.

Silicon based Inorganic Polymers

Silicon based Inorganic Polymers Book
Author : Roger De Jaeger
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inorganic polymers are large molecules, usually linear or branched chains with atoms other than carbon in their backbone. In this new advanced research book, silicon-based inorganic polymers are treated by J Cypryk (Poland), G. Kickelbick (Austria), X. Coqueret (France), A. Colas (Belgium), J. Koe (Japan), W. Uhlig (Switzerland), and by M. Rehahn and M. Weinmann (Germany). Different aspects of phosphorus-containing macromolecules are described by F.F. Stewart (USA), R. De Jaeger and L. Montagne (France), and by M. Carenza, S. Lora, and M.Gleria (Italy). Tin- and germanium-based polymers are illustrated by M. Okano (Japan), while inorganic dendrimers are presented by A.M. Caminade and J.P. Majoral (France) and by V. Balzani (Italy). Miscellaneous topics covering the flame-retardant and the intumescent behavior of the inorganic macromolecules (S. Bourbigot, France), ionically-conductive inorganic macromolecules (E. Montoneri, Italy) and chiral inorganic polymers (G.A. Carriedo and J.F. Garcia-Alonso, Spain) are also addressed.

Nanoparticle polymer Composite Membranes

Nanoparticle polymer Composite Membranes Book
Author : Julian S. Taurozzi
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nanoparticle polymer Composite Membranes book written by Julian S. Taurozzi, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Progress in Powder Metallurgy

Progress in Powder Metallurgy Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Trans Tech Publication
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The large number, and high quality, of the papers making up this collection reflect the continuing vigor of the powder-metallurgy industry and associated research all over the world. The emergence of such new fields as nano-materials, cellular materials and process modeling by computer simulation is very evident, while traditional fields such as compaction and sintering are also being tackled anew using more sophisticated concepts and tools. Globalization of the economic structure presents challenging opportunities for powder metallurgy, and there is an increasing demand for high-productivity, low-cost, highquality, new products, together with reduced pollution.

Membranes for Membrane Reactors

Membranes for Membrane Reactors Book
Author : Angelo Basile,Fausto Gallucci
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-12-20
ISBN : 9780470977576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A membrane reactor is a device for simultaneously performing a reaction and a membrane-based separation in the same physical device. Therefore, the membrane not only plays the role of a separator, but also takes place in the reaction itself. This text covers, in detail, the preparation and characterisation of all types of membranes used in membranes reactors. Each membrane synthesis process used by membranologists is explained by well known scientists in their specific research field. The book opens with an exhaustive review and introduction to membrane reactors, introducing the recent advances in this field. The following chapters concern the preparation of both organic and inorganic, and in both cases, a deep analysis of all the techniques used to prepare membrane are presented and discussed. A brief historical introduction for each technique is also included, followed by a complete description of the technique as well as the main results presented in the international specialized literature. In order to give to the reader a summary look to the overall work, a conclusive chapter is included for collecting all the information presented in the previous chapters. Key features: Fills a gap in the market for a scientific book describing the preparation and characterization of all the kind of membranes used in membrane reactors Discusses an important topic - there is increasing emphasis on membranes in general, due to their use as energy efficient separation tools and the ‘green’ chemistry opportunities they offer Includes a review about membrane reactors, several chapters concerning the preparation organic, inorganic, dense, porous, and composite membranes and a conclusion with a comparison among the different membrane preparation techniques

Investigating Surface Modification and Incorporation of Inorganic Nanowires and Particles for Enhanced Performance of Water filtration Polymer Membranes

Investigating Surface Modification and Incorporation of Inorganic Nanowires and Particles for Enhanced Performance of Water filtration Polymer Membranes Book
Author : Yi Feng
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water treatment is, collectively, the industrial-scale processes that make water more acceptable for an end-use, which may be drinking, industry, or medicine. Due to the increasingly severe water shortage problem and growing concerns on the water quality, water treatment, which is closely relative to daily life, has always been placed under the spotlight of scientific research so far. Conventionally, water has been treated primarily using physical-chemical treatment such as sand filtration and disinfection. Not only these conventional methods required large area of operations that would require high operational cost, but may also be incapable to treat several persistence pollutants.Membrane separation is a technology which selectively separates (fractionates) materials via pores and/or minute gaps in the molecular arrangement of a continuous structure. Membrane separation has many advantages such as no chemical addition, small operation area, relatively high filtration efficiency, low cost and et al. Not only that, the stringent standard required for water supply and effluent discharge also promotes the innovative development of separation membranes and membrane separation process. Based on the type of material, membranes can be classified into polymeric membranes and inorganic membranes. Despite the fact that some polymeric membranes have already been commercialized and emerged as a favourable filter media for water treatment, there are still several limitations such as relatively low flowrate, low antifouling property and low mechanical properties. Therefore, many additives have been added into polymeric membranes to synthesize polymer-based composite membranes to tackle these problems and to further enhance the efficiency of water treatment. In this thesis, three different types of materials have been chosen as additives to incorporate into microfiltration or ultrafiltration polymeric membranes, aiming to enhance the water treatment performance. The first type of materials is germanate nanowires with different lengths. We for the first time found that the lengths of nanowires play a key role in determining the morphology change and subsequent water treatment performance; thus by controlling the length, we successfully obtains nanowire-enhanced polymeric membranes with fast permeation at the maintenance of rejection. In the second part, we developed a simple, economic and practical method to coat cheap chitosan onto the top of polymeric membranes. Though such membranes show a slight decrease of flux, the rejection, antifouling property and antibacterial property were greatly improved. Theoretical calculation shows that the weakened bonding between foulant and membrane surface resulting from chitosan-grafting is responsible for the improved antifouling property. The third type of material is alumina particles. The main purpose of this part is to study how inorganic particle size and loading affect the morphology change, performance and mechanical property of polymeric membranes with hollow shape. Results show that such inorganic particle/polymeric membranes have higher tensile and compressive properties compared to the pristine polymeric membranes and both particle size and particle loading matters in determining the improvement of mechanical properties. Despite the improvement in mechanical properties, the rejection of such membranes was greatly sacrificed due to the detachment of particles from polymer during the formation of membranes, especially when high-loading micron-sized alumina was used. Therefore, CNTs were further added into high loading micron-sized alumina/polymeric membranes to hinder such detaching effect. Results show that the incorporation of CNTs not only further enhance the permeation and mechanical properties but also the rejection and antifouling property. All in all, in this thesis, we choose three different types of materials and incorporate them into polymeric membranes to enhance the water treatment performance (flux, rejection, antifouling and mechanical properties), offering some useful and practical designing knowledge or methods to the synthesis of high-performance polymer-based membranes for water treatment processes.

Improving Selectivity in Methanol Fuel Cell Membranes

Improving Selectivity in Methanol Fuel Cell Membranes Book
Author : Brett Libby
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Improving Selectivity in Methanol Fuel Cell Membranes book written by Brett Libby, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.