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Innovation In Near Surface Geophysics

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Innovation in Near Surface Geophysics

Innovation in Near Surface Geophysics Book
Author : Raffaele Persico,Salvatore Piro,Neil Linford
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-10-05
ISBN : 012812430X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Innovation in Near-Surface Geophysics: Instrumentation, Application, and Data Processing Methods offers an advanced look at state-of-the-art and innovative technologies for near surface geophysics, exposing the latest, most effective techniques in an accessible way. By addressing a variety of geophysical applications, including cultural heritage, civil engineering, characteristics of soil, and others, the book provides an understanding of the best products and methodologies modern near surface geophysics has to offer. It proposes tips for new ideas and projects, and encourages collaboration across disciplines and techniques for the best implementation and results. Clearly organized, with contributions from leaders from throughout geophysics, Innovation in Near-Surface Geophysics is an important guide for geophysicists who hope to gain a better understanding of the tools and techniques available. Addresses a variety of applications in near-surface geophysics, including cultural heritage, civil engineering, soil analysis, etc. Provides insight to available products and techniques and offers suggestions for future developments Clearly organized by techniques and their applications

Near surface Geophysics

Near surface Geophysics Book
Author : Dwain K. Butler
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9781560801719
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Near-surface geophysics uses the investigational methods of geophysics to study the nature of the very outermost part of the earth's crust. Man interacts with this part of the earth's crust: he walks on it; he drills and excavates into it; he constructs structures on and in it; he utilizes its water and mineral resources; and his wastes are stored on and in it and seep into it. The very outermost part of the Earth's crust is extremely dynamic-in both technical (physical properties) and nontechnical (political, social, legal) terms-which leads to both technical and nontechnical challenges that are much different than the challenges faced by 'traditional' applications of geophysics for regional geologic mapping and for oil and gas exploration.

Near Surface Geophysics

Near Surface Geophysics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Near Surface Geophysics book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

New Global Perspectives on Archaeological Prospection

New Global Perspectives on Archaeological Prospection Book
Author : James Bonsall
Publisher : Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
Release : 2019-09-02
ISBN : 1789693071
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents over 90 papers from the 13th International Conference on Archaeological Prospection 2019, Sligo. Papers address archaeological prospection techniques, methodologies and case studies from 33 countries across Africa, Asia, Australasia, Europe and North America, reflecting current and global trends in archaeological prospection.

Tunnels and Underground Cities Engineering and Innovation Meet Archaeology Architecture and Art

Tunnels and Underground Cities  Engineering and Innovation Meet Archaeology  Architecture and Art Book
Author : Daniele Peila,Giulia Viggiani,Tarcisio Celestino
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-07-08
ISBN : 1000175588
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tunnels and Underground Cities: Engineering and Innovation meet Archaeology, Architecture and Art. Volume 9: Safety in Underground Construction contains the contributions presented in the eponymous Technical Session during the World Tunnel Congress 2019 (Naples, Italy, 3-9 May 2019). The use of underground space is continuing to grow, due to global urbanization, public demand for efficient transportation, and energy saving, production and distribution. The growing need for space at ground level, along with its continuous value increase and the challenges of energy saving and achieving sustainable development objectives, demand greater and better use of the underground space to ensure that it supports sustainable, resilient and more liveable cities. The contributions cover a wide range of topics, tunnel inspection analysis, via risk assessment for maintenance planning and civil engineering constraints on tunnel ventilation and safety, to CFD simulations of longitudinal ventilation of a road tunnel. The book is a valuable reference text for tunnelling specialists, owners, engineers, archaeologists, architects, artists and others involved in underground planning, design and building around the world, and for academics who are interested in underground constructions and geotechnics.

Self Potential Method Theoretical Modeling and Applications in Geosciences

Self Potential Method  Theoretical Modeling and Applications in Geosciences Book
Author : Arkoprovo Biswas
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-26
ISBN : 3030793338
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Self Potential Method Theoretical Modeling and Applications in Geosciences book written by Arkoprovo Biswas, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Gpr Basics

Gpr Basics Book
Author : Daniel Bigman
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release : 2018-01-03
ISBN : 9781983534829
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

GPR Basics: A Handbook for Ground Penetrating Radar Users was written to help you gain an understanding of the fundamentals of ground penetrating radar and develop the confidence to appropriately utilize this technology. This book is organized in an approachable format that minimizes technical jargon and math. LearnGPR is known for its ease of training without compromising the quality and this book is no different. After reading this book you will understand how GPR works, recognize the limitations of the technology, increase survey success rates, expand the types of projects you can conduct, and feel confident speaking with both clients and industry professionals. The topics covered in this book include: -Electromagnetic Waves -GPR Antenna -Physical Properties of Materials -GPR Wave Behavior -Modeling GPR Signals -Data Interpretation -Data Visualization -Applications of GPR -Documenting and Reporting -Benefits and Limitations

Remote Sensing in Applied Geophysics

Remote Sensing in Applied Geophysics Book
Author : Chiara Colombero,Cesare Comina,Alberto Godio
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-12-07
ISBN : 303943733X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Special Issue is focused on recent and upcoming advances in the combined application of remote sensing and applied geophysics. Applied geophysics analyzes the distribution of physical properties in the subsurface for a wide range of geological, engineering, and environmental applications at different scales. Seismic, electrical, magnetic, and electromagnetic methods are among the most applied and well-established geophysical techniques. These methods share the advantages of being non-invasive and exploring wide areas of investigation with respect to conventional methods (e.g., drilling). Geophysical surveys are usually carried out deploying or moving the appropriate instrumentation directly on the ground surface. However, recent technological advances have resulting in the development of innovative acquisition systems becoming more typical of the remote sensing community (e.g., airborne surveys). While applied geophysics mainly focuses on the subsurface, typical remote sensing techniques have the ability to accurately image the Earth’s surface with high-resolution investigations carried out by means of terrestrial, airborne, or satellite-based platforms. The integration of surface and subsurface information is often crucial for several purposes, including the processing of geophysical data, the characterization and time-lapse monitoring of surface and near-surface targets, and the reconstruction of highly detailed and comprehensive 3D models of the investigated areas. Recent contributions showing the added value of surface reconstruction and/or monitoring in the processing, interpretation, and cross-comparison of geophysical techniques for archaeological, environmental, and engineering studies are collected in this book. Pioneering geophysical acquisitions by means of innovative remote systems are also presented.

Foundations for Innovative Application of Airborne Radars

Foundations for Innovative Application of Airborne Radars Book
Author : Alexey Nekrasov
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-26
ISBN : 3030629422
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Foundations for Innovative Application of Airborne Radars book written by Alexey Nekrasov, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

American Environmentalism

American Environmentalism Book
Author : J. Michael Martinez
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-06-20
ISBN : 0415633184
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Protecting the natural environment and promoting sustainability have become important objectives, but achieving such goals presents myriad challenges for even the most committed environmentalist. American Environmentalism: Philosophy, History, and Public Policy examines whether competing interests can be reconciled while developing consistent, coherent, effective public policy to regulate uses and protection of the natural environment without destroying the national economy. It then reviews a range of possible solutions. The book delves into key normative concepts that undergird American perspectives on nature by providing an overview of philosophical concepts found in the western intellectual tradition, the presuppositions inherent in neoclassical economics, and anthropocentric (human-centered) and biocentric (earth-centered) positions on sustainability. It traces the evolution of attitudes about nature from the time of the Ancient Greeks through Europeans in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, the Enlightenment and the American Founders, the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and up to the present. Building on this foundation, the author examines the political landscape as non-governmental organizations (NGOs), industry leaders, and government officials struggle to balance industrial development with environmental concerns. Outrageous claims, silly misrepresentations, bogus arguments, absurd contentions, and overblown prophesies of impending calamities are bandied about by many parties on all sides of the debate—industry spokespeople, elected representatives, unelected regulators, concerned citizens, and environmental NGOs alike. In lieu of descending into this morass, the author circumvents the silliness to explore the crucial issues through a more focused, disciplined approach. Rather than engage in acrimonious debate over minutiae, as so often occurs in the context of "green" claims, he recasts the issue in a way that provides a cohesive look at all sides. This effort may be quixotic, but how else to cut the Gordian knot?

Technology Innovation in Underground Construction

Technology Innovation in Underground Construction Book
Author : Gernot Beer
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-10-16
ISBN : 1482266598
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This richly-illustrated reference guide presents innovative techniques focused on reducing time, cost and risk in the construction and maintenance of underground facilities: A primary focus of the technological development in underground engineering is to ease the practical execution and to reduce time, cost and risk in the construction and maintenance of underground facilities such as tunnels and caverns. This can be realized by new design tools for designers, by instant data access for engineers, by virtual prototyping and training for manufacturers, and by robotic devices for maintenance and repair for operators and many more advances. This volume presents the latest technological innovations in underground design, construction, and operation, and comprehensively discusses developments in ground improvement, simulation, process integration, safety, monitoring, environmental impact, equipment, boring and cutting, personnel training, materials, robotics and more. These new features are the result of a big research project on underground engineering, which has involved many players in the discipline. Written in an accessible style and with a focus on applied engineering, this book is aimed at a readership of engineers, consultants, contractors, operators, researchers, manufacturers, suppliers and clients in the underground engineering business. It may moreover be used as educational material for advanced courses in tunnelling and underground construction.

Advances in Modeling and Interpretation in Near Surface Geophysics

Advances in Modeling and Interpretation in Near Surface Geophysics Book
Author : Arkoprovo Biswas,Shashi Prakash Sharma
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-01
ISBN : 3030289095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deals primarily with the aspects of advances in near surface geophysical data modeling, different interpretation techniques, new ideas and an integrated study to delineate the subsurface structures. It also involves the practical application of different geophysical methods to delineate the subsurface structures associated with mineral, groundwater exploration, subsurface contamination, hot springs, coal fire etc. This book is specifically aimed with the state-of-art information regarding research advances and new developments in these areas of study, coupled to extensive modeling and field investigations obtained from around the world. It is extremely enlightening for the research workers, scientists, faculty members and students, in Applied Geophysics, Near Surface Geophysics, Potential Field, Electrical and Electromagnetic Methods, Mathematical Modeling Techniques in Earth Sciences, as well as Environmental Geophysics.

Recent Advances in GPR Imaging

Recent Advances in GPR Imaging Book
Author : Mercedes Solla,Susana Lagüela
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-11-18
ISBN : 3039218107
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Special Issue (SI) “Recent Advances in GPR Imaging” offers an up-to-date overview of state-of-the-art research activities dealing with the development of Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) technology and its recent advances in imaging in the different fields of application. In fact, the advances experimented with over the last few decades with regard to the appearance of new GPR systems and the need to manage large amounts of data suggest an increasing interest in the development of new signal processing algorithms and modeling, as well as in the use of three-dimensional (3D) imaging techniques.

Science for Cultural Heritage

Science for Cultural Heritage Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-09-26
ISBN : 9814464929
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Science for Cultural Heritage book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Geotechnical and Geophysical Site Characterization 4

Geotechnical and Geophysical Site Characterization 4 Book
Author : Roberto Quental Coutinho,Paul W. Mayne
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-09-06
ISBN : 1466584181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Site characterization is a fundamental step towards the proper design, construction and long term performance of all types of geotechnical projects, ranging from foundation, excavation, earth dams, embankments, seismic hazards, environmental issues, tunnels, near and offshore structures. The Fourth International Conference on Site Characterization

Encyclopedia of Geology

Encyclopedia of Geology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-12-16
ISBN : 0081029098
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Geology, Second Edition presents in six volumes state-of-the-art reviews on the various aspects of geologic research, all of which have moved on considerably since the writing of the first edition. New areas of discussion include extinctions, origins of life, plate tectonics and its influence on faunal provinces, new types of mineral and hydrocarbon deposits, new methods of dating rocks, and geological processes. Users will find this to be a fundamental resource for teachers and students of geology, as well as researchers and non-geology professionals seeking up-to-date reviews of geologic research. Provides a comprehensive and accessible one-stop shop for information on the subject of geology, explaining methodologies and technical jargon used in the field Highlights connections between geology and other physical and biological sciences, tackling research problems that span multiple fields Fills a critical gap of information in a field that has seen significant progress in past years Presents an ideal reference for a wide range of scientists in earth and environmental areas of study

Ground Penetrating Radar

Ground Penetrating Radar Book
Author : Erica Carrick Utsi
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2017-04-18
ISBN : 0081022174
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ground Penetrating Radar: Theory and Practice is a practical guide to using this powerful underground surveying technique. The author uses her wide experience to explain the critical factors in using GPR and how parameters, such as wavelength, attenuation and loss need to be properly considered to obtain good survey results. The first chapter introduces the underlying physics and explains the formation of signal patterning. The next two chapters explain the significance of wavelengths for target detection, probing depths and resolution, and demonstrating the variety of signal presentation. Chapter four discusses why survey results are affected by water and air in the soil, and how this may affect depth readings. Additional chapters discuss a variety of methods for velocity calibration and suggests where they may be useful, challenging soil conditions and potential problem environments, data processing and a suite of useful techniques, amongst other important topics. The book gives a clear and formative guidance on understanding the critical factors in using GPR, as well as a checklist of surveying considerations. Covers the critical, practical factors in using a ground penetrating radar, including troubleshooting appropriate equipment selection Explains why wavelengths matter, providing practice calculations Offers insight into how to spot ringing (echo effects) and air signals, and how to distinguish these from subsurface data Enables the reader to understand the importance of calibration of transmission velocity and a range of methodsa

ICT Innovations 2012

ICT Innovations 2012 Book
Author : Smile Markovski,Marjan Gusev
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-26
ISBN : 3642371698
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present stage of the human civilization is the e-society, which is build over the achievements obtained by the development of the information and communication technologies. It affects everyone, from ordinary mobile phone users to designers of high quality industrial products, and every human activity, from taking medical care to improving the state governing. The science community working in computer sciences and informatics is therefore under constant challenge; it has to solve the new appeared theoretical problem as well as to find new practical solutions. The fourth ICT Innovations Conference, held in September 2012 in Ohrid, Macedonia, was one of the several world-wide forums where academics, professionals and practitioners presented their last scientific results and development applications in the fields of high performance and parallel computing, bioinformatics, human computer interaction, security and cryptography, computer and mobile networks, neural networks, cloud computing, process verification, improving medical care, improving quality of services, web technologies, hardware implementations, cultural implication. In this book the best 37 ranked articles are presented.

Technological Eco Innovations for the Quality Control and the Decontamination of Polluted Waters and Soils

Technological Eco Innovations for the Quality Control and the Decontamination of Polluted Waters and Soils Book
Author : Massimo Zacchini,Paras Ranjan Pujari
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-03-12
ISBN : 3039284649
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Special Issue “Technological Eco-Innovations for the Quality Control and the Decontamination of Polluted Waters and Soils” deals with the most recent research activities carried out at lab and field scale on eco-sustainable tools for the remediation of contaminated environmental substrates. It is particularly devoted to highlight the relevance of biological organisms (plants, microbes, algae) to assess the chemical contamination in water and soil and to remediate such matrices from the pollution caused by the human activities. Therefore, bioremediation is a primary focus of most of the articles published within the present Special Issue. Bioremediation is a promising environmentally friendly technology to deal with the chemical pollution in different ecosystem compartments and its integration with the traditional approaches might represent a significant breakthrough for the environmental decontamination. An overview of the potential of the eco-innovative technologies, with nature-based solutions associated with the modern analytical techniques, is offered along the contributions forming the Special Issue. In this volume, different contaminants occurring in various environmental matrices are focused, both in controlled conditions and on site, with many interesting outcomes useful from research perspectives.

The Leading Edge

The Leading Edge Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Leading Edge book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.