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Inherent Safety At Chemical Sites

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Inherent Safety at Chemical Sites

Inherent Safety at Chemical Sites Book
Author : Paul T Anastas,David G Hammond
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-11-16
ISBN : 0128042001
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inherent Safety at Chemical Sites: Reducing Vulnerability to Accidents and Terrorism Through Green Chemistry highlights the use of green chemistry principles to identify and address serious threats and potential consequences caused by accidental and deliberate industrial chemical releases. Through valuable case studies, the book suggests wholesale replacements of hazardous chemicals with benign and inherently safer, or "greener," materials. More than physical security barriers and plans, such preventative measures better guarantee the safety of industrial employees and nearby residents. This valuable primer begins with an introduction to the concepts of green chemistry and outlines the various ways that a green approach to chemical design, production, and management is not only good for the planet, but also serves to protect people and infrastructure from terrorist acts. Specific examples and case studies are cited to illustrate what has been done to advance this cause, and offer guidance to those decision-makers who similarly aspire to greater safety and security for the people and resources they manage. Addresses security at chemical plants, manufacturers, water utilities and other facilities utilizing and storing hazardous chemical Provides practical suggestions and insightful case studies for green chemistry innovations from replacement processes and new technologies Covers multiple important chemicals and categories, including: Chlorine, Hydrogen cyanide, Hydrogen fluoride (hydrofluoric acid), Phosgene, Sulfur Dioxide, Sulfuric Acid, Ammonia, Benzene, Pesticides, and cleaning technologies

Guidelines for Inherently Safer Chemical Processes

Guidelines for Inherently Safer Chemical Processes Book
Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-10-16
ISBN : 1119529220
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the publication of the second edition several United States jurisdictions have mandated consideration of inherently safer design for certain facilities. Notable examples are the inherently safer technology (IST) review requirement in the New Jersey Toxic Chemical Prevention Act (TCPA), and the Inherently Safer Systems Analysis (ISSA) required by the Contra Costa County (California) Industrial Safety Ordinance. More recently, similar requirements have been proposed at the U.S. Federal level in the pending EPA Risk Management Plan (RMP) revisions. Since the concept of inherently safer design applies globally, with its origins in the United Kingdom, the book will apply globally. The new edition builds on the same philosophy as the first two editions, but further clarifies the concept with recent research, practitioner observations, added examples and industry methods, and discussions of security and regulatory issues. Inherently Safer Chemical Processes presents a holistic approach to making the development, manufacture, and use of chemicals safer. The main goal of this book is to help guide the future state of chemical process evolution by illustrating and emphasizing the merits of integrating inherently safer design process-related research, development, and design into a comprehensive process that balances safety, capital, and environmental concerns throughout the life cycle of the process. It discusses strategies of how to: substitute more benign chemicals at the development stage, minimize risk in the transportation of chemicals, use safer processing methods at the manufacturing stage, and decommission a manufacturing plant so that what is left behind does not endanger the public or environment.

Inherent Safety at Chemical Sites

Inherent Safety at Chemical Sites Book
Author : Paul Anastas,David G. Hammond
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-10-20
ISBN : 9780128041901
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inherent Safety at Chemical Sites: Reducing Vulnerability to Accidents and Terrorism Through Green Chemistry highlights the use of green chemistry principles to identify and address serious threats and potential consequences caused by accidental and deliberate industrial chemical releases. Through valuable case studies, the book suggests wholesale replacements of hazardous chemicals with benign and inherently safer, or "greener," materials. More than physical security barriers and plans, such preventative measures better guarantee the safety of industrial employees and nearby residents. This valuable primer begins with an introduction to the concepts of green chemistry and outlines the various ways that a green approach to chemical design, production, and management is not only good for the planet, but also serves to protect people and infrastructure from terrorist acts. Specific examples and case studies are cited to illustrate what has been done to advance this cause, and offer guidance to those decision-makers who similarly aspire to greater safety and security for the people and resources they manage. Addresses security at chemical plants, manufacturers, water utilities and other facilities utilizing and storing hazardous chemical Provides practical suggestions and insightful case studies for green chemistry innovations from replacement processes and new technologies Covers multiple important chemicals and categories, including: Chlorine, Hydrogen cyanide, Hydrogen fluoride (hydrofluoric acid), Phosgene, Sulfur Dioxide, Sulfuric Acid, Ammonia, Benzene, Pesticides, and cleaning technologies

Inherently Safer Technology in the Context of Chemical Site Security

Inherently Safer Technology in the Context of Chemical Site Security Book
Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Environment and Public Works
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Inherently Safer Technology in the Context of Chemical Site Security book written by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Environment and Public Works, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Process Plants

Process Plants Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-05-17
ISBN : 9781439804568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How far will an ounce of prevention really go? While the answer to that question may never be truly known, Process Plants: A Handbook for Inherently Safer Design, Second Edition takes us several steps closer. The book demonstrates not just the importance of prevention, but the importance of designing with prevention in mind. It emphasizes the role

Chemical Process Safety

Chemical Process Safety Book
Author : Daniel A. Crowl,Joseph F. Louvar
Publisher : Pearson Education
Release : 2001-10-16
ISBN : 0132440555
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Combines academic theory with practical industry experience Updated to include the latest regulations and references Covers hazard identification, risk assessment, and inherent safety Case studies and problem sets enhance learning Long-awaited revision of the industry best seller. This fully revised second edition of Chemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applications combines rigorous academic methods with real-life industrial experience to create a unique resource for students and professionals alike. The primary focus on technical fundamentals of chemical process safety provides a solid groundwork for understanding, with full coverage of both prevention and mitigation measures. Subjects include: Toxicology and industrial hygiene Vapor and liquid releases and dispersion modeling Flammability characterization Relief and explosion venting In addition to an overview of government regulations, the book introduces the resources of the AICHE Center for Chemical Process Safety library. Guidelines are offered for hazard identification and risk assessment. The book concludes with case histories drawn directly from the authors' experience in the field. A perfect reference for industry professionals, Chemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applications, Second Edition is also ideal for teaching at the graduate and senior undergraduate levels. Each chapter includes 30 problems, and a solutions manual is now available for instructors.

Inherently Safer Chemical Processes

Inherently Safer Chemical Processes Book
Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-08-13
ISBN : 9780470925188
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inherently Safer Chemical Processes presents a holistic approach to making the development, manufacture, and use of chemicals safer. It discusses strategies for substituting more benign chemicals at the development stage, minimizing risk in the transportation of chemicals, using safer processing methods at the manufacturing stage, and decommissioning a manufacturing plant. Since the publication of the original concept book in 1996, there have been many developments on the concept of inherent safety. This new edition provides the latest knowledge so that engineers can derive maximum benefit from inherent safety.

The Use and Storage of Methyl Isocyanate MIC at Bayer CropScience

The Use and Storage of Methyl Isocyanate  MIC  at Bayer CropScience Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Committee on Inherently Safer Chemical Processes: The Use of Methyl Isocyanate (MIC) at Bayer CropScience
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2012-07-31
ISBN : 0309255465
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of hazardous chemicals such as methyl isocyanate can be a significant concern to the residents of communities adjacent to chemical facilities, but is often an integral part of the chemical manufacturing process. In order to ensure that chemical manufacturing takes place in a manner that is safe for workers, members of the local community, and the environment, the philosophy of inherently safer processing can be used to identify opportunities to eliminate or reduce the hazards associated with chemical processing. However, the concepts of inherently safer process analysis have not yet been adopted in all chemical manufacturing plants. The Use and Storage of Methyl Isocyanate (MIC) at Bayer CropScience presents a possible framework to help plant managers choose between alternative processing options-considering factors such as environmental impact and product yield as well as safety- to develop a chemical manufacturing system. In 2008, an explosion at the Bayer CropScience chemical production plant in Institute, West Virginia, resulted in the deaths of two employees, a fire within the production unit, and extensive damage to nearby structures. The accident drew renewed attention to the fact that the Bayer facility manufactured and stores methyl isocyanate, or MIC - a volatile, highly toxic chemical used in the production of carbamate pesticides and the agent responsible for thousands of death in Bhopal, India, in 1984. In the Institute accident, debris from the blast hit the shield surrounding a MIC storage tank, and although the container was not damaged, an investigation by the U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board found that the debris could have struck a relief valve vent pipe and cause the release of MIC to the atmosphere. The Board's investigation also highlighted a number of weaknesses in the Bayer facility's emergency response systems. In light of these concerns, the Board requested the National Research Council convene a committee of independent experts to write a report that examines the use and storage of MIC at the Bayer facility. The Use and Storage of Methyl Isocyanate (MIC) at Bayer CropScience also evaluates the analyses on alternative production methods for MIC and carbamate pesticides preformed by Bayer and the previous owners of the facility.

Green Chemistry and Engineering

Green Chemistry and Engineering Book
Author : Mukesh Doble,Ken Rollins,Anil Kumar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-07-27
ISBN : 9780080524771
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical processes provide a diverse array of valuable products and materials used in applications ranging from health care to transportation and food processing. Yet these same chemical processes that provide products and materials essential to modern economies, also generate substantial quantities of wastes and emissions. Green Chemistry is the utilization of a set of principles that reduces or eliminate the use or generation of hazardous substances in design. Due to extravagant costs needed to managing these wastes, tens of billions of dollars a year, there is a need to propose a way to create less waste. Emission and treatment standards continue to become more stringent, which causes these costs to continue to escalate. Green Chemistry and Engineering describes both the science (theory) and engineering (application) principles of Green Chemistry that lead to the generation of less waste. It explores the use of milder manufacturing conditions resulting from the use of smarter organic synthetic techniques and the maintenance of atom efficiency that can temper the effects of chemical processes. By implementing these techniques means less waste, which will save industry millions of dollars over time. Chemical processes that provide products and materials essential to modern economies generate substantial quantities of wastes and emissions, this new book describes both the science (theory) and engineering (application) principles of Green Chemistry that lead to the generation of less waste This book contains expert advise from scientists around the world, encompassing developments in the field since 2000 Aids manufacturers, scientists, managers, and engineers on how to implement ongoing changes in a vast developing field that is important to the environment and our lives

Inherently Safer Chemical Processes

Inherently Safer Chemical Processes Book
Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher : Wiley-AIChE
Release : 2008-12-22
ISBN : 9780471778929
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inherently Safer Chemical Processes presents a holistic approach to making the development, manufacture, and use of chemicals safer. It discusses strategies for substituting more benign chemicals at the development stage, minimizing risk in the transportation of chemicals, using safer processing methods at the manufacturing stage, and decommissioning a manufacturing plant. Since the publication of the original concept book in 1996, there have been many developments on the concept of inherent safety. This new edition provides the latest knowledge so that engineers can derive maximum benefit from inherent safety.

Improving Inherent Safety

Improving Inherent Safety Book
Author : D. Mansfield,L. Poulter,T. Kletz,Great Britain. Health and Safety Executive
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996-12-20
ISBN : 9780717613076
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An inherently safer approach to hazard management is one that tries to eliminate hazards by careful attention to the fundamental design and layout as opposed to add-on engineered safety systems. This report describes a pilot study which assesses how far inherent safety is being applied in the design of offshore oil and gas installations on the UKCS. It includes reviews of recent literature, the main regulaions affecting design and operation, and interviews with representatives from leading design contractors and operating companies.

Guidelines for Inherently Safer Chemical Processes

Guidelines for Inherently Safer Chemical Processes Book
Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-11-05
ISBN : 1119529166
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the publication of the second edition several United States jurisdictions have mandated consideration of inherently safer design for certain facilities. Notable examples are the inherently safer technology (IST) review requirement in the New Jersey Toxic Chemical Prevention Act (TCPA), and the Inherently Safer Systems Analysis (ISSA) required by the Contra Costa County (California) Industrial Safety Ordinance. More recently, similar requirements have been proposed at the U.S. Federal level in the pending EPA Risk Management Plan (RMP) revisions. Since the concept of inherently safer design applies globally, with its origins in the United Kingdom, the book will apply globally. The new edition builds on the same philosophy as the first two editions, but further clarifies the concept with recent research, practitioner observations, added examples and industry methods, and discussions of security and regulatory issues. Inherently Safer Chemical Processes presents a holistic approach to making the development, manufacture, and use of chemicals safer. The main goal of this book is to help guide the future state of chemical process evolution by illustrating and emphasizing the merits of integrating inherently safer design process-related research, development, and design into a comprehensive process that balances safety, capital, and environmental concerns throughout the life cycle of the process. It discusses strategies of how to: substitute more benign chemicals at the development stage, minimize risk in the transportation of chemicals, use safer processing methods at the manufacturing stage, and decommission a manufacturing plant so that what is left behind does not endanger the public or environment.

Hazardous Chemicals Handbook

Hazardous Chemicals Handbook Book
Author : P A CARSON
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 008052379X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Summarizes core information for quick reference in the workplace, using tables and checklists wherever possible. Essential reading for safety officers, company managers, engineers, transport personnel, waste disposal personnel, environmental health officers, trainees on industrial training courses and engineering students. This book provides concise and clear explanation and look-up data on properties, exposure limits, flashpoints, monitoring techniques, personal protection and a host of other parameters and requirements relating to compliance with designated safe practice, control of hazards to people's health and limitation of impact on the environment. The book caters for the multitude of companies, officials and public and private employees who must comply with the regulations governing the use, storage, handling, transport and disposal of hazardous substances. Reference is made throughout to source documents and standards, and a Bibliography provides guidance to sources of wider ranging and more specialized information. Dr Phillip Carson is Safety Liaison and QA Manager at the Unilever Research Laboratory at Port Sunlight. He is a member of the Institution of Occupational Safety and Health, of the Institution of Chemical Engineers' Loss Prevention Panel and of the Chemical Industries Association's `Exposure Limits Task Force' and `Health Advisory Group'. Dr Clive Mumford is a Senior Lecturer in Chemical Engineering at the University of Aston and a consultant. He lectures on several courses of the Certificate and Diploma of the National Examining Board in Occupational Safety and Health. [Given 5 star rating] - Occupational Safety & Health, July 1994 - Loss Prevention Bulletin, April 1994 - Journal of Hazardous Materials, November 1994 - Process Safety & Environmental Prot., November 1994

Trevor Kletz Compendium

Trevor Kletz Compendium Book
Author : Andy Brazier,Fiona Macleod,David Edwards,Ivan Vince,John Riddick,Craig Skinner
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-01-21
ISBN : 0128194480
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Trevor Kletz has had a huge impact on the way people viewed accidents and safety, particularly in the process industries. His ideas were developed from nearly 40 years working in the chemical industry. When he retired from the field, he shared his experience and ideas widely in more than 15 books. Trevor Kletz Compendium: His Process Safety Wisdom Updated for a New Generation introduces Kletz’s stories and ideas and brings them up to date in this valuable resource that equips readers to manage process safety in every workplace. Topics covered in this book include inherent safety, safety studies, human factors and design. Learn the lessons from past accidents to make sure they don’t happen again. Focuses on understanding systems and learning from past accidents Describes approaches to safety that are practical and effective Provides an engineer’s perspective on safety

Guidelines for Initiating Events and Independent Protection Layers in Layer of Protection Analysis

Guidelines for Initiating Events and Independent Protection Layers in Layer of Protection Analysis Book
Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-02-03
ISBN : 1118948718
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book is a guide for Layers of Protection Analysis (LOPA)practitioners. It explains the onion skin modeland in particular, how it relates to the use of LOPA and the needfor non-safety instrumented independent protection layers. Itprovides specific guidance on Independent Protection Layers (IPLs)that are not Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS). Using theLOPA methodology, companies typically take credit for riskreductions accomplished through non-SIS alternatives; i.e.administrative procedures, equipment design, etc. Itaddresses issues such as how to ensure the effectiveness andmaintain reliability for administrative controls or“inherently safer, passive” concepts. This book will address how the fields of Human ReliabilityAnalysis, Fault Tree Analysis, Inherent Safety, Audits andAssessments, Maintenance, and Emergency Response relate to LOPA andSIS. The book will separate IPL’s into categories such as thefollowing: Inherent Safety eliminates a scenario or fundamentally reduces a hazard Preventive/Proactive prevents initiating event from occurring such as enhancedmaintenance Preventive/Active stops chain of events after initiating event occurs but beforean incident has occurred such as high level in a tank shutting offthe pump. Mitigation (active or passive) minimizes impact once an incident has occurred such as closingblock valves once LEL is detected in the dike (active) or the dikepreventing contamination of groundwater (passive).

Preventing Chemical Terrorism

Preventing Chemical Terrorism Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Homeland Security. Subcommittee on Cybersecurity, Infrastructure Protection, and Security Technologies
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Preventing Chemical Terrorism book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Homeland Security. Subcommittee on Cybersecurity, Infrastructure Protection, and Security Technologies, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Guidelines for Analyzing and Managing the Security Vulnerabilities of Fixed Chemical Sites

Guidelines for Analyzing and Managing the Security Vulnerabilities of Fixed Chemical Sites Book
Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-08-13
ISBN : 0470924993
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new initiative demonstrates a process and tools for managing the security vulnerability of sites that produce and handle chemicals, petroleum products, pharmaceuticals, and related materials such as fertilizers and water treatment chemicals. Includes: enterprise screening; site screening; protection analysis; security vulnerability assessment; action planning and tracking.

Environmental Law Policy and Economics

Environmental Law  Policy  and Economics Book
Author : Nicholas Askounes Ashford,Charles C. Caldart
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0262012383
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The nature and origins of evironmental contamination -- Nature and assessment of the harm -- Economics and the environment -- Addressing pollution through the tort system -- Administrative law: the roles of Congress, the president, the agencies, and the courts in shaping environmental policy -- The Clean Air Act and the regulation of stationary sources -- The regulation of mobile sources under the Clean Air Act -- Protection of surface waters, wetlands, and drinking water: the Clean Water Act and Safe Drinking Water Act -- Regulation of hazardous wastes: RCRA, CERCLA, and hazardous waste facility siting -- The right to know: mandatory disclosure of information regarding chemical risks -- Enforcement: encouraging compliance with environmental statutes -- Alternative forms of government intervention to promote pollution reduction -- Policies to promote pollution prevention and inherent safety -- Epilogue - beyond pollution control and prevention: sustainable development.

Process Intensification

Process Intensification Book
Author : David Reay,Colin Ramshaw,Adam Harvey
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2013-06-05
ISBN : 0080983057
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Process Intensification: Engineering for Efficiency, Sustainability and Flexibility is the first book to provide a practical working guide to understanding process intensification (PI) and developing successful PI solutions and applications in chemical process, civil, environmental, energy, pharmaceutical, biological, and biochemical systems. Process intensification is a chemical and process design approach that leads to substantially smaller, cleaner, safer, and more energy efficient process technology. It improves process flexibility, product quality, speed to market and inherent safety, with a reduced environmental footprint. This book represents a valuable resource for engineers working with leading-edge process technologies, and those involved research and development of chemical, process, environmental, pharmaceutical, and bioscience systems. No other reference covers both the technology and application of PI, addressing fundamentals, industry applications, and including a development and implementation guide Covers hot and high growth topics, including emission prevention, sustainable design, and pinch analysis World-class authors: Colin Ramshaw pioneered PI at ICI and is widely credited as the father of the technology

Process Intensification

Process Intensification Book
Author : Fernando Israel Gómez-Castro,Juan Gabriel Segovia-Hernández
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2019-10-21
ISBN : 3110592797
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Intensified processes have found widespread application in the chemical and petrochemical industries. The use of intensified systems allows for a reduction of operating costs and supports the “greening” of chemical processes. However, the design of intensified equipment requires special methodologies. This book describes the fundamentals and applications of these design methods, making it a valuable resource for use in both industry and academia.