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Ingaas Avalanche Photodiodes For Ranging And Lidar

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InGaAs Avalanche Photodiodes for Ranging and Lidar

InGaAs Avalanche Photodiodes for Ranging and Lidar Book
Author : Andrew S. Huntington
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-05-13
ISBN : 0081027834
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

InGaAs Avalanche Photodiodes for Ranging and Lidar discusses the materials, physics, and design considerations of avalanche photodiodes (APDs) developed for 3D imaging sensors, which will enable self-driving cars and autonomously navigating drones. The book provides a detailed theoretical understanding of all types of APD, including the semiconductor physics underlying device function and the mathematics of avalanche noise. Both linear- and Geiger-mode operation of APDs are addressed, and contemporary research on APDs manufactured from a variety of different material systems is reviewed. The approach unites a theoretical treatment of common figures of merit with a practical discussion of how they impact sensor system performance. Models are developed for the sensitivity, maximum effective range, and ranging precision of time-of-flight APD photoreceiver circuits. Linear-mode InGaAs APDs are of particular relevance to 3D imaging owing to their compatibility with eye-safe lasers, and the maturity of the material system, for which substantial commercial foundry capacity exists. The author uses InGaAs APDs to demonstrate the book’s design calculations, which are compared to the representative empirical data, and as the basis for discussions of device structure and manufacturing. r Addresses the materials, device and system design challenges that face researchers today, presenting all the information in one key resource Reviews all key APD figures of merit and explains the connection between device and system performance Written by an industry expert with 13 years of experience developing InAlAs, InGaAs and InP avalanche photodiodes (APDs)

Topographic Laser Ranging and Scanning

Topographic Laser Ranging and Scanning Book
Author : Jie Shan,Charles K. Toth
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-02-19
ISBN : 1498772285
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Topographic Laser Ranging and Scanning, Second Edition, provides a comprehensive discussion of topographic LiDAR principles, systems, data acquisition, and data processing techniques. This edition presents an introduction and summary of various LiDAR systems and their principles and addresses the operational principles of the different components and ranging methods of LiDAR systems. It discusses the subsequent geometric processing of LiDAR data, with particular attention to quality, accuracy, and meeting standards and addresses the theories and practices of information extraction from LiDAR data, including terrain surface generation, forest inventory, orthoimage generation, building reconstruction, and road extraction. Written by leaders in the field, this comprehensive compilation is a must-have reference book for senior undergraduate and graduate students majoring or working in diverse disciplines, such as geomatics, geodesy, natural resources, urban planning, computer vision, and computer graphics. It is also vital resource for researchers who are interested in developing new methods and need in-depth knowledge of laser scanning and data processing and other professionals may gain the same from the broad topics addressed in this book. New in the Second Edition: A comprehensive array of new laser ranging and scanning technologies. Developments in LiDAR data format and processing techniques. Regrouping of surface modeling, representations and reconstruction. Enhanced discussions on the principles and fundamentals beyond small-footprint pulsed laser systems and new application examples. Many new examples and illustrations.

Advanced Photon Counting

Advanced Photon Counting Book
Author : Peter Kapusta,Michael Wahl,Rainer Erdmann
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-04-23
ISBN : 3319156365
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume focuses on Time-Correlated Single Photon Counting (TCSPC), a powerful tool allowing luminescence lifetime measurements to be made with high temporal resolution, even on single molecules. Combining spectrum and lifetime provides a “fingerprint” for identifying such molecules in the presence of a background. Used together with confocal detection, this permits single-molecule spectroscopy and microscopy in addition to ensemble measurements, opening up an enormous range of hot life science applications such as fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIM) and measurement of Förster Resonant Energy Transfer (FRET) for the investigation of protein folding and interaction. Several technology-related chapters present both the basics and current state-of-the-art, in particular of TCSPC electronics, photon detectors and lasers. The remaining chapters cover a broad range of applications and methodologies for experiments and data analysis, including the life sciences, defect centers in diamonds, super-resolution microscopy, and optical tomography. The chapters detailing new options arising from the combination of classic TCSPC and fluorescence lifetime with methods based on intensity fluctuation represent a particularly unique highlight.

Spectral Sensing Research For Surface And Air Monitoring In Chemical Biological And Radiological Defense And Security Applications

Spectral Sensing Research For Surface And Air Monitoring In Chemical  Biological And Radiological Defense And Security Applications Book
Author : Jean-marc Theriault,James O Jensen
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2009-08-11
ISBN : 9814469580
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides unique perspectives on the state of the art in multispectral/hyperspectral techniques for early-warning monitoring against chemical, biological and radiological (CB&R) contamination of both surface (e.g. land) and air (e.g. atmospheric) environments through the presentation of a comprehensive survey of the novel spectroscopic methodologies and technologies that are emerging to address the CB&R defense and security challenges of the future. The technical content in this book lends itself to the non-traditional requirements for point and stand-off detection that have evolved out of the US joint services programs over many years. In particular, the scientific and technological work presented seeks to enable hyperspectral-based sensing and monitoring that is in real time and in-line; low in cost and labor requirements; and easy to support, maintain and use in military and security-relevant scenarios.

Elastic Lidar

Elastic Lidar Book
Author : Vladimir A. Kovalev,William E. Eichinger
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2004-04-27
ISBN : 9780471201717
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

* Focuses only on elastic lidars and directly related topics. * Evaluates all of the major inversion and analysis methods. * Covers an emerging field that is generating a lot of interest.

Laser Scanning

Laser Scanning Book
Author : Belén Riveiro,Roderik Lindenbergh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-10-18
ISBN : 135101885X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an overview on the evolution of laser scanning technology and its noticeable impact in the structural engineering domain. It provides an up-to-date synthesis of the state-of-the-art of the technology for the reverse engineering of built constructions, including terrestrial, mobile, and different portable solutions, for laser scanning. Data processing of large point clouds has experienced an important advance in the last years, and thus, an intense activity in the development of automated data processing algorithms has been noticed. Thus, this book aims to provide an overview of state-of-the-art algorithms, different best practices and most recent processing tools in connection to particular applications. Readers will find this a comprehensive book, that updates the practice of laser scanning for researchers and professionals not only from the geomatic domain, but also other fields such as structural and construction engineering. A set of successful applications to structural engineering are illustrated, including also synergies with other technologies, that can inspire professionals to adopt laser scanning in their day-to-day activity. This cutting-edge edited volume will be a valuable resource for students, researchers and professional engineers with an interest in laser scanning and its applications in the structural engineering domain.

Optical Engineering

Optical Engineering Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Publishes papers reporting on research and development in optical science and engineering and the practical applications of known optical science, engineering, and technology.

Laser Radar

Laser Radar Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on Review of Advancements in Active Electro-Optical Systems to Avoid Technological Surprise Adverse to U.S. National Security
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2014-03-14
ISBN : 0309302196
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In today's world, the range of technologies with the potential to threaten the security of U.S. military forces is extremely broad. These include developments in explosive materials, sensors, control systems, robotics, satellite systems, and computing power, to name just a few. Such technologies have not only enhanced the capabilities of U.S. military forces, but also offer enhanced offensive capabilities to potential adversaries - either directly through the development of more sophisticated weapons, or more indirectly through opportunities for interrupting the function of defensive U.S. military systems. Passive and active electro-optical (EO) sensing technologies are prime examples. Laser Radar considers the potential of active EO technologies to create surprise; i.e., systems that use a source of visible or infrared light to interrogate a target in combination with sensitive detectors and processors to analyze the returned light. The addition of an interrogating light source to the system adds rich new phenomenologies that enable new capabilities to be explored. This report evaluates the fundamental, physical limits to active EO sensor technologies with potential military utility; identifies key technologies that may help overcome the impediments within a 5-10 year timeframe; considers the pros and cons of implementing each existing or emerging technology; and evaluates the potential uses of active EO sensing technologies, including 3D mapping and multi-discriminate laser radar technologies.

Laser Spectroscopy 1

Laser Spectroscopy 1 Book
Author : Wolfgang Demtröder
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-07
ISBN : 3642538592
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Keeping abreast of the latest techniques and applications, this new edition of the standard reference and graduate text on laser spectroscopy has been completely revised and expanded. While the general concept is unchanged, the new edition features a broad array of new material, e.g., ultrafast lasers (atto- and femtosecond lasers) and parametric oscillators, coherent matter waves, Doppler-free Fourier spectroscopy with optical frequency combs, interference spectroscopy, quantum optics, the interferometric detection of gravitational waves and still more applications in chemical analysis, medical diagnostics, and engineering.

Optoelectronics

Optoelectronics Book
Author : Sergei Pyshkin,John Ballato
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2015-10-07
ISBN : 953512174X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Optoelectronics Materials and Devices follows the Optoelectronics Books II and III published in 2011 and 2013, as part of the InTech collection of international works on optoelectronics. Accordingly, as with the first two books of the collection, this book covers recent achievements by specialists around the world. The growing number of countries participating in this endeavor as well as joint participation of the US and Moldova scientists in this edition testifies to the unifying effect of science. An interested reader will find in the book the description of properties and applications employing organic and inorganic materials, as well as the methods of fabrication and analysis of operation and regions of application of modern optoelectronic devices.

The Mechatronics Handbook 2 Volume Set

The Mechatronics Handbook   2 Volume Set Book
Author : Robert H. Bishop
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-08
ISBN : 1439833206
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first comprehensive reference on mechatronics, The Mechatronics Handbook was quickly embraced as the gold standard in the field. From washing machines, to coffeemakers, to cell phones, to the ubiquitous PC in almost every household, what, these days, doesn’t take advantage of mechatronics in its design and function? In the scant five years since the initial publication of the handbook, the latest generation of smart products has made this even more obvious. Too much material to cover in a single volume Originally a single-volume reference, the handbook has grown along with the field. The need for easy access to new material on rapid changes in technology, especially in computers and software, has made the single volume format unwieldy. The second edition is offered as two easily digestible books, making the material not only more accessible, but also more focused. Completely revised and updated, Robert Bishop’s seminal work is still the most exhaustive, state-of-the-art treatment of the field available.

China Satellite Navigation Conference CSNC 2016 Proceedings

China Satellite Navigation Conference  CSNC  2016 Proceedings  Book
Author : Jiadong Sun,Jingnan Liu,Shiwei Fan,Feixue Wang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-04-26
ISBN : 9811009406
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These Proceedings present selected research papers from CSNC2016, held during 18th-20th May in Changsha, China. The theme of CSNC2016 is Smart Sensing, Smart Perception. These papers discuss the technologies and applications of the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), and the latest progress made in the China BeiDou System (BDS) especially. They are divided into 12 topics to match the corresponding sessions in CSNC2016, which broadly covered key topics in GNSS. Readers can learn about the BDS and keep abreast of the latest advances in GNSS techniques and applications.

Long Distance High Bit Rate Systems

Long Distance High Bit Rate Systems Book
Author : IGIC, Inc. Staff
Publisher : Information Gatekeepers Inc
Release : 1994
ISBN : 9781568510606
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Long Distance High Bit Rate Systems book written by IGIC, Inc. Staff, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Enabling Photonic Technologies for Aerospace Applications

Enabling Photonic Technologies for Aerospace Applications Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Enabling Photonic Technologies for Aerospace Applications book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Measurement Instrumentation and Sensors Handbook

Measurement  Instrumentation  and Sensors Handbook Book
Author : John G. Webster,Halit Eren
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-19
ISBN : 1351833332
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Second Edition of the bestselling Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook brings together all aspects of the design and implementation of measurement, instrumentation, and sensors. Reflecting the current state of the art, it describes the use of instruments and techniques for performing practical measurements in engineering, physics, chemistry, and the life sciences and discusses processing systems, automatic data acquisition, reduction and analysis, operation characteristics, accuracy, errors, calibrations, and the incorporation of standards for control purposes. Organized according to measurement problem, the Electromagnetic, Optical, Radiation, Chemical, and Biomedical Measurement volume of the Second Edition: Contains contributions from field experts, new chapters, and updates to all 98 existing chapters Covers sensors and sensor technology, time and frequency, signal processing, displays and recorders, and optical, medical, biomedical, health, environmental, electrical, electromagnetic, and chemical variables A concise and useful reference for engineers, scientists, academic faculty, students, designers, managers, and industry professionals involved in instrumentation and measurement research and development, Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook, Second Edition: Electromagnetic, Optical, Radiation, Chemical, and Biomedical Measurement provides readers with a greater understanding of advanced applications.

Measurement Instrumentation and Sensors Handbook Second Edition

Measurement  Instrumentation  and Sensors Handbook  Second Edition Book
Author : John G. Webster,Halit Eren
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-02-03
ISBN : 1439848912
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Second Edition of the bestselling Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook brings together all aspects of the design and implementation of measurement, instrumentation, and sensors. Reflecting the current state of the art, it describes the use of instruments and techniques for performing practical measurements in engineering, physics, chemistry, and the life sciences and discusses processing systems, automatic data acquisition, reduction and analysis, operation characteristics, accuracy, errors, calibrations, and the incorporation of standards for control purposes. Organized according to measurement problem, the Electromagnetic, Optical, Radiation, Chemical, and Biomedical Measurement volume of the Second Edition: Contains contributions from field experts, new chapters, and updates to all 98 existing chapters Covers sensors and sensor technology, time and frequency, signal processing, displays and recorders, and optical, medical, biomedical, health, environmental, electrical, electromagnetic, and chemical variables A concise and useful reference for engineers, scientists, academic faculty, students, designers, managers, and industry professionals involved in instrumentation and measurement research and development, Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook, Second Edition: Electromagnetic, Optical, Radiation, Chemical, and Biomedical Measurement provides readers with a greater understanding of advanced applications.

Technology of Quantum Devices

Technology of Quantum Devices Book
Author : Manijeh Razeghi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-12-11
ISBN : 9781441910561
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Technology of Quantum Devices offers a multi-disciplinary overview of solid state physics, photonics and semiconductor growth and fabrication. Readers will find up-to-date coverage of compound semiconductors, crystal growth techniques, silicon and compound semiconductor device technology, in addition to intersubband and semiconductor lasers. Recent findings in quantum tunneling transport, quantum well intersubband photodetectors (QWIP) and quantum dot photodetectors (QWDIP) are described, along with a thorough set of sample problems.

Jane s Electro optic Systems

Jane s Electro optic Systems Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Jane s Electro optic Systems book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fiber Optics Detectors and Receivers

Fiber Optics Detectors and Receivers Book
Author : IGIC, Inc. Staff
Publisher : Information Gatekeepers Inc
Release : 1994
ISBN : 9781568510705
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fiber Optics Detectors and Receivers book written by IGIC, Inc. Staff, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Millimeter Precision Laser Rangefinder Using a Low Cost Photon Counter

Millimeter Precision Laser Rangefinder Using a Low Cost Photon Counter Book
Author : Eisele, Andreas
Publisher : KIT Scientific Publishing
Release : 2014-04-01
ISBN : 373150152X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Millimeter Precision Laser Rangefinder Using a Low Cost Photon Counter book written by Eisele, Andreas, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.