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Ingaas Avalanche Photodiodes For Ranging And Lidar

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Ingaas Avalanche Photodiodes for Ranging and Lidar

Ingaas Avalanche Photodiodes for Ranging and Lidar Book
Author : Andrew S. Huntington
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing Limited
Release : 2019-09
ISBN : 9780081027257
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

InGaAs Avalanche Photodiodes for Ranging and Lidar discusses the materials, physics, and design considerations for 3D imaging sensing applications which will enable self-driving cars and autonomously-navigating drones. The author, Dr. Huntington, who has 13 years of experience in developing InAlAs, InGaAs & InP avalanche photodiodes (APDs) provides an overview of the fundamentals of APDs, the remaining challenges that researchers and engineers are working to solve, and how to apply them in the real-world. A key feature of the book is the emphasis on design considerations and how they may impact device performance. The book discusses the key detector characteristics covering both the theoretical definition of common figures of merit as well as their practical impact on sensor system performance. The author reviews the desired performance characteristics and practical manufacturing constraints, including how APD figures of merit would impact photoreceiver performance. In particular, crystal growth, material selection and application issues that impact design considerations are addressed.

InGaAs Avalanche Photodiodes for Ranging and Lidar

InGaAs Avalanche Photodiodes for Ranging and Lidar Book
Author : Andrew S. Huntington
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-05-13
ISBN : 0081027834
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

InGaAs Avalanche Photodiodes for Ranging and Lidar discusses the materials, physics, and design considerations of avalanche photodiodes (APDs) developed for 3D imaging sensors, which will enable self-driving cars and autonomously navigating drones. The book provides a detailed theoretical understanding of all types of APD, including the semiconductor physics underlying device function and the mathematics of avalanche noise. Both linear- and Geiger-mode operation of APDs are addressed, and contemporary research on APDs manufactured from a variety of different material systems is reviewed. The approach unites a theoretical treatment of common figures of merit with a practical discussion of how they impact sensor system performance. Models are developed for the sensitivity, maximum effective range, and ranging precision of time-of-flight APD photoreceiver circuits. Linear-mode InGaAs APDs are of particular relevance to 3D imaging owing to their compatibility with eye-safe lasers, and the maturity of the material system, for which substantial commercial foundry capacity exists. The author uses InGaAs APDs to demonstrate the book’s design calculations, which are compared to the representative empirical data, and as the basis for discussions of device structure and manufacturing. r Addresses the materials, device and system design challenges that face researchers today, presenting all the information in one key resource Reviews all key APD figures of merit and explains the connection between device and system performance Written by an industry expert with 13 years of experience developing InAlAs, InGaAs and InP avalanche photodiodes (APDs)

Topographic Laser Ranging and Scanning

Topographic Laser Ranging and Scanning Book
Author : Jie Shan,Charles K. Toth
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-19
ISBN : 1420051431
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A systematic, in-depth introduction to theories and principles of Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) technology is long overdue, as it is the most important geospatial data acquisition technology to be introduced in recent years. An advanced discussion, this text fills the void. Professionals in fields ranging from geology, geography and geoinformatics to physics, transportation, and law enforcement will benefit from this comprehensive discussion of topographic LiDAR principles, systems, data acquisition, and data processing techniques. The book covers ranging and scanning fundamentals, and broad, contemporary analysis of airborne LiDAR systems, as well as those situated on land and in space. The authors present data collection at the signal level in terms of waveforms and their properties; at the system level with regard to calibration and georeferencing; and at the data level to discuss error budget, quality control, and data organization. They devote the bulk of the book to LiDAR data processing and information extraction and elaborate on recent developments in building extraction and reconstruction, highlighting quality and performance evaluations. There is also extensive discussion of the state-of-the-art technological developments used in: filtering algorithms for digital terrain model generation; strip adjustment of data for registration; co-registration of LiDAR data with imagery; forestry inventory; and surveying. Readers get insight into why LiDAR is the effective tool of choice to collect massive volumes of explicit 3-D data with unprecedented accuracy and simplicity. Compiled by leading experts talking about much of their own pioneering work, this book will give researchers, professionals, and senior students novel ideas to supplement their own experience and practices.

Spectral Sensing Research For Surface And Air Monitoring In Chemical Biological And Radiological Defense And Security Applications

Spectral Sensing Research For Surface And Air Monitoring In Chemical  Biological And Radiological Defense And Security Applications Book
Author : Jean-marc Theriault,James O Jensen
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2009-08-11
ISBN : 9814469580
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides unique perspectives on the state of the art in multispectral/hyperspectral techniques for early-warning monitoring against chemical, biological and radiological (CB&R) contamination of both surface (e.g. land) and air (e.g. atmospheric) environments through the presentation of a comprehensive survey of the novel spectroscopic methodologies and technologies that are emerging to address the CB&R defense and security challenges of the future. The technical content in this book lends itself to the non-traditional requirements for point and stand-off detection that have evolved out of the US joint services programs over many years. In particular, the scientific and technological work presented seeks to enable hyperspectral-based sensing and monitoring that is in real time and in-line; low in cost and labor requirements; and easy to support, maintain and use in military and security-relevant scenarios.

Encyclopedia of Modern Optics

Encyclopedia of Modern Optics Book
Author : Bob D. Guenther,Duncan Steel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-02-14
ISBN : 0128149825
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Encyclopedia of Modern Optics, Second Edition, provides a wide-ranging overview of the field, comprising authoritative reference articles for undergraduate and postgraduate students and those researching outside their area of expertise. Topics covered include classical and quantum optics, lasers, optical fibers and optical fiber systems, optical materials and light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Articles cover all subfields of optical physics and engineering, such as electro-optical design of modulators and detectors. This update contains contributions from international experts who discuss topics such as nano-photonics and plasmonics, optical interconnects, photonic crystals and 2D materials, such as graphene or holy fibers. Other topics of note include solar energy, high efficiency LED’s and their use in illumination, orbital angular momentum, quantum optics and information, metamaterials and transformation optics, high power fiber and UV fiber lasers, random lasers and bio-imaging. Addresses recent developments in the field and integrates concepts from fundamental physics with applications for manufacturing and engineering/design Provides a broad and interdisciplinary coverage of specialist areas Ensures that the material is appropriate for new researchers and those working in a new sub-field, as well as those in industry Thematically arranged and alphabetically indexed, with cross-references added to facilitate ease-of-use

Elastic Lidar

Elastic Lidar Book
Author : Vladimir A. Kovalev,William E. Eichinger
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2004-04-27
ISBN : 9780471201717
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

* Focuses only on elastic lidars and directly related topics. * Evaluates all of the major inversion and analysis methods. * Covers an emerging field that is generating a lot of interest.

Laser Scanning

Laser Scanning Book
Author : Belén Riveiro,Roderik Lindenbergh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-10-18
ISBN : 135101885X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an overview on the evolution of laser scanning technology and its noticeable impact in the structural engineering domain. It provides an up-to-date synthesis of the state-of-the-art of the technology for the reverse engineering of built constructions, including terrestrial, mobile, and different portable solutions, for laser scanning. Data processing of large point clouds has experienced an important advance in the last years, and thus, an intense activity in the development of automated data processing algorithms has been noticed. Thus, this book aims to provide an overview of state-of-the-art algorithms, different best practices and most recent processing tools in connection to particular applications. Readers will find this a comprehensive book, that updates the practice of laser scanning for researchers and professionals not only from the geomatic domain, but also other fields such as structural and construction engineering. A set of successful applications to structural engineering are illustrated, including also synergies with other technologies, that can inspire professionals to adopt laser scanning in their day-to-day activity. This cutting-edge edited volume will be a valuable resource for students, researchers and professional engineers with an interest in laser scanning and its applications in the structural engineering domain.

Optical Engineering

Optical Engineering Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Publishes papers reporting on research and development in optical science and engineering and the practical applications of known optical science, engineering, and technology.

Measurement Instrumentation and Sensors Handbook Second Edition

Measurement  Instrumentation  and Sensors Handbook  Second Edition Book
Author : John G. Webster,Halit Eren
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-02-03
ISBN : 1439848912
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Second Edition of the bestselling Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook brings together all aspects of the design and implementation of measurement, instrumentation, and sensors. Reflecting the current state of the art, it describes the use of instruments and techniques for performing practical measurements in engineering, physics, chemistry, and the life sciences and discusses processing systems, automatic data acquisition, reduction and analysis, operation characteristics, accuracy, errors, calibrations, and the incorporation of standards for control purposes. Organized according to measurement problem, the Electromagnetic, Optical, Radiation, Chemical, and Biomedical Measurement volume of the Second Edition: Contains contributions from field experts, new chapters, and updates to all 98 existing chapters Covers sensors and sensor technology, time and frequency, signal processing, displays and recorders, and optical, medical, biomedical, health, environmental, electrical, electromagnetic, and chemical variables A concise and useful reference for engineers, scientists, academic faculty, students, designers, managers, and industry professionals involved in instrumentation and measurement research and development, Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook, Second Edition: Electromagnetic, Optical, Radiation, Chemical, and Biomedical Measurement provides readers with a greater understanding of advanced applications.

Measurement Instrumentation and Sensors Handbook

Measurement  Instrumentation  and Sensors Handbook Book
Author : John G. Webster,Halit Eren
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-19
ISBN : 1351833332
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Second Edition of the bestselling Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook brings together all aspects of the design and implementation of measurement, instrumentation, and sensors. Reflecting the current state of the art, it describes the use of instruments and techniques for performing practical measurements in engineering, physics, chemistry, and the life sciences and discusses processing systems, automatic data acquisition, reduction and analysis, operation characteristics, accuracy, errors, calibrations, and the incorporation of standards for control purposes. Organized according to measurement problem, the Electromagnetic, Optical, Radiation, Chemical, and Biomedical Measurement volume of the Second Edition: Contains contributions from field experts, new chapters, and updates to all 98 existing chapters Covers sensors and sensor technology, time and frequency, signal processing, displays and recorders, and optical, medical, biomedical, health, environmental, electrical, electromagnetic, and chemical variables A concise and useful reference for engineers, scientists, academic faculty, students, designers, managers, and industry professionals involved in instrumentation and measurement research and development, Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook, Second Edition: Electromagnetic, Optical, Radiation, Chemical, and Biomedical Measurement provides readers with a greater understanding of advanced applications.

The Mechatronics Handbook 2 Volume Set

The Mechatronics Handbook   2 Volume Set Book
Author : Robert H. Bishop
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-08
ISBN : 1439833206
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first comprehensive reference on mechatronics, The Mechatronics Handbook was quickly embraced as the gold standard in the field. From washing machines, to coffeemakers, to cell phones, to the ubiquitous PC in almost every household, what, these days, doesn’t take advantage of mechatronics in its design and function? In the scant five years since the initial publication of the handbook, the latest generation of smart products has made this even more obvious. Too much material to cover in a single volume Originally a single-volume reference, the handbook has grown along with the field. The need for easy access to new material on rapid changes in technology, especially in computers and software, has made the single volume format unwieldy. The second edition is offered as two easily digestible books, making the material not only more accessible, but also more focused. Completely revised and updated, Robert Bishop’s seminal work is still the most exhaustive, state-of-the-art treatment of the field available.

Laser Radar

Laser Radar Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on Review of Advancements in Active Electro-Optical Systems to Avoid Technological Surprise Adverse to U.S. National Security
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2014-03-14
ISBN : 0309302196
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In today's world, the range of technologies with the potential to threaten the security of U.S. military forces is extremely broad. These include developments in explosive materials, sensors, control systems, robotics, satellite systems, and computing power, to name just a few. Such technologies have not only enhanced the capabilities of U.S. military forces, but also offer enhanced offensive capabilities to potential adversaries - either directly through the development of more sophisticated weapons, or more indirectly through opportunities for interrupting the function of defensive U.S. military systems. Passive and active electro-optical (EO) sensing technologies are prime examples. Laser Radar considers the potential of active EO technologies to create surprise; i.e., systems that use a source of visible or infrared light to interrogate a target in combination with sensitive detectors and processors to analyze the returned light. The addition of an interrogating light source to the system adds rich new phenomenologies that enable new capabilities to be explored. This report evaluates the fundamental, physical limits to active EO sensor technologies with potential military utility; identifies key technologies that may help overcome the impediments within a 5-10 year timeframe; considers the pros and cons of implementing each existing or emerging technology; and evaluates the potential uses of active EO sensing technologies, including 3D mapping and multi-discriminate laser radar technologies.

Frontiers in Electronics

Frontiers in Electronics Book
Author : Yoon Soo Park,Michael S Shur,William Tang
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2003-01-29
ISBN : 9814487082
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 2002 Workshop on Frontiers in Electronics was the third in the series of WOFE workshops. Over 70 leading experts from academia, industry, and government agencies reported on the most recent developments in their fields and exchanged views on future trends and directions of the electronics and photonics industry. The issues they addressed ranged from system-on-chip to DNA doping, from ultrathin SOI to electrotextiles, from photonics integration on the ULSI platform to wide band gap semiconductor devices and solid state lighting. The rapid pace of electronic technology evolution compels a merger of different technical areas, and WOFE-02 provided a unique opportunity for cross-fertilization of the emerging fields of microelectronics, photonics, and nanoelectronics. The workshop was informal and stimulated provocative views, visionary outlooks, and discussions on controversial issues. Contents:Optical Wave Propagation in Periodic Structures (A Yariv & S Mookherjea)MEMS Technology for Advanced Telecommunication Applications (H-G Lee et al.)Low Temperature Physics at Room Temperature in Water: Charge Inversion in Chemical and Biological Systems (A Yu Grosberg et al.)Materials for Strained Silicon Devices (P M Mooney)System-on-Chip Integration (R R Doering)Nanoelectronics: Some Current Aspects and Prospects (R Hull et al.)Electrotextiles (E Ethridge & D Urban)System Impact of Silicon Carbide Power Devices (B Ozpineci et al.)Hot-Phonon Limited Electron Energy Relaxation in AIN/GaN (A Matulionis et al.)Polar-Optical Phonon Enhancement of Harmonic Generation in Schottky Diodes (B Gelmont et al.)Environmental Sensing of Chemical and Biological Warfare Agents in the THz Region (A C Samuels et al.)Thermal Management in Optoelectronics (D K Johnstone)Spectral Response Measurements of Short Wave Infrared Detectors (SWIR) (T F Refaat et al.)Full-Chip Power-Supply Noise: The Effect of On-Chip Power-Rail Inductance (C W Fok & D L Pulfrey)Quantum Dot Superlattices in a Constant Electric Field: Localization and Bloch Oscillations (R A Suris & I A Dmitriev)and other papers Readership: Scientists, engineers and graduate students working in the area of microelectronics, semiconductor materials and devices. Keywords:Microelectronics;Nanoelectronics;Integrated Circuits;Nanostructures;Solid State Lighting;Semiconductors

Advanced Hybrid Powertrains for Commercial Vehicles

Advanced Hybrid Powertrains for Commercial Vehicles Book
Author : Haoran Hu,Simon Baseley,Xubin Song
Publisher : SAE International
Release : 2021-04-14
ISBN : 1468601369
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Powertrains for commercial vehicles have evolved since the late nineteenth-century invention of the ICE. In the revised second edition of Advanced Hybrid Powertrains for Commercial Vehicles, the authors explore commercial powertrains through history from the ICE through the introduction of the hybrid powertrain in commercial vehicles. Readers are given an understanding of the ICE as well as the classification of commercial vehicle hybrid powertrains, the variety of energy storage systems, fuel-cell hybrid powertrain systems, and commercial vehicle electrification. The authors review the legislation of vehicle emissions and the regulation necessary to promote the production of fuel-efficient vehicles.

Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences

Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences Book
Author : Gerald R. North,John A. Pyle,Fuqing Zhang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-09-14
ISBN : 0123822262
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences, 2nd Edition is an authoritative resource covering all aspects of atmospheric sciences, including both theory and applications. With more than 320 articles and 1,600 figures and photographs, this revised version of the award-winning first edition offers comprehensive coverage of this important field. The six volumes in this set contain broad-ranging articles on topics such as atmospheric chemistry, biogeochemical cycles, boundary layers, clouds, general circulation, global change, mesoscale meteorology, ozone, radar, satellite remote sensing, and weather prediction. The Encyclopedia is an ideal resource for academia, government, and industry in the fields of atmospheric, ocean, and environmental sciences. It is written at a level that allows undergraduate students to understand the material, while providing active researchers with the latest information in the field. Covers all aspects of atmospheric sciences—including both theory and applications Presents more than 320 articles and more than 1,600 figures and photographs Broad-ranging articles include topics such as atmospheric chemistry, biogeochemical cycles, boundary layers, clouds, general circulation, global change, mesoscale meteorology, ozone, radar, satellite remote sensing, and weather prediction An ideal resource for academia, government, and industry in the fields of atmospheric, ocean, and environmental sciences

Optical Remote Sensing of Land Surface

Optical Remote Sensing of Land Surface Book
Author : Nicolas Baghdadi,Mehrez Zribi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-09-13
ISBN : 0081011849
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The considerable progress in instrumentation and in the development of methods for the processing and analysis of data places remote sensing at the center of various international programs for the surveillance and tracking of climatic and anthropogenic changes and effects on the environment. This volume presents optical imaging and LiDAR systems: their instrumentation, physics of measurement, processing methods and data analysis. The estimation of a digital terrain model based on optical images and LiDAR data is also discussed. This book, part of a set of six volumes, has been produced by scientists who are internationally renowned in their fields. It is addressed to students (engineers, Masters, PhD), engineers and scientists, specialists in Earth observation techniques and imaging systems. Through this pedagogical work, the authors contribute to breaking down the barriers that hinder the use of Earth observation data. Provides clear and concise descriptions of modern remote sensing methods Explores the most current remote sensing techniques with physical aspects of the measurement (theory) and their applications Provides chapters on physical principles, measurement, and data processing for each technique described Describes optical remote sensing technology, including a description of acquisition systems and measurement corrections to be made

Lasers Optronics

Lasers   Optronics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Lasers Optronics book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Laser Radar Technology and Applications

Laser Radar Technology and Applications Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Laser Radar Technology and Applications book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Gas Sensor Materials

Handbook of Gas Sensor Materials Book
Author : Ghenadii Korotcenkov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-09-18
ISBN : 1461471656
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The two volumes of Handbook of Gas Sensor Materials provide a detailed and comprehensive account of materials for gas sensors, including the properties and relative advantages of various materials. Since these sensors can be applied for the automation of myriad industrial processes, as well as for everyday monitoring of such activities as public safety, engine performance, medical therapeutics, and in many other situations, this handbook is of great value. Gas sensor designers will find a treasure trove of material in these two books.

Laser Radar Technology for Remote Sensing

Laser Radar Technology for Remote Sensing Book
Author : Christian Werner
Publisher : Society of Photo Optical
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.