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Inequality Democracy And Growth In Brazil

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Inequality Democracy and Growth in Brazil

Inequality  Democracy  and Growth in Brazil Book
Author : Marcos Mendes
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-11-20
ISBN : 0128019654
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In terms accessible to non-economists, Marcos José Mendes describes the ways democracy and inequality produce low growth in the short and medium terms. In the longer term, he argues that Brazil has two paths in front of it. One is to create the conditions necessary to boost economic performance and drive the country toward a high level of development. The other is to fail in untying the political knot that blocks growth, leaving it a middle-income country. The source of his contrasting futures for Brazil is inequality, which he demonstrates is a relevant variable in any discussion of economic growth. Inequality illuminates causes of seemingly-unconnected problems. This book, which includes freely-accessible documents and datasets, is the first in-depth analysis of an issue that promises to become increasingly prominent. Contrasting visions of Brazil’s future described in economic terms Easy-to-understand graphs and tables illustrate analytical arguments All Excel-based data available on a freely-accessible website

Brazil Emerging

Brazil Emerging Book
Author : Jan Nederveen Pieterse,Adalberto Cardoso
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-05-16
ISBN : 1135044015
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is a critical inquiry into the social project and socioeconomic realities of emerging Brazil, a country that faces profound changes. A team of acknowledged specialists on Brazil’s complex configuration addresses state policies, social dynamics and economic constraints and opportunities for emancipation. Chapters adopt long-run perspectives on the development of the Brazilian welfare state, limits and opportunities for emancipation in the labor market, the scope and depth of social policies such as "Bolsa Família" and Rio’s Peacemaking Police Units (UPP), social movements - in particular, the Movement of the Landless (MST) - cultural policies at the federal level, the role of media in the country’s democratization project, and how two important commodities (sugar and oil) shape the identities of blacks and whites in Bahia. This book is essential reading for all those interested in understanding what kind of Brazil has acquired a prominent global position and what hurdles it faces to consolidate its position as a global player.

Inequality in the Third World

Inequality in the Third World Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1983
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Democratization Political Performance and Income Distribution in Argentina and Brazil

Democratization  Political Performance  and Income Distribution in Argentina and Brazil Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This research examines the effects of democratization and political performance on the functional distribution of income in Argentina and Brazil from the end of their authoritarian periods to the present. The existing literature tends to focus on the impacts of democratization and political performance on the economic growth of the country as a whole or on changes to per capita income. This analysis focuses on the equality of economic development in less developed countries because growth is not necessarily distributed equally and poverty and inequality are both endemic to many less developed countries and also negatively impact development as a whole as well as the consolidation of democracy. To examine the effects of democratization and political performance on the shape of economic development, this thesis utilizes the Polity IV index as a measure of democracy, Relative Political Extraction as a proxy for political performance, and labor's share of national income as a measure of income inequality. Theoretically, a more democratic regime should enact policies that allow for a more equitable distribution of income because democratization increases popular representation and makes the provision of public goods preferable to the provision of private goods. Similarly, a regime with higher political capacity should be better equipped to enact whatever policies and development strategies it chooses, thereby reducing income inequality if the regime deems equitable development a priority. The main finding of this research is that political performance has had a significant impact on the shape of economic development in Argentina and Brazil, whereas the effect of democratization on the shape of development is less clear. A stronger, more effectively performing government will be better able to deliver equitable development regardless of its level of democracy than will a poorly performing government of any type.

Brazil

Brazil Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Brazilian Politics

Brazilian Politics Book
Author : Alfred P. Montero
Publisher : Polity
Release : 2006-02-13
ISBN : 0745633609
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brazilian Politics offers the most comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to the contemporary politics of South Americas largest democracy. Accessibly written for students, the book traces the major trends in Brazils political development and analyses the main challenges facing the country today. Topics covered include the crisis of the state, economic and political causes of inequality and poverty, the failures of the electoral and party system, the widening array of social movements and non-governmental organizations, and the heightened role of Brazil in the areas of international trade, security and diplomacy. Focusing on five key themes the strength of the state, representation, social equity, citizenship and political participation, and the role of the state in a global community of states Alfred Montero shows that Brazilian democracy has advanced greatly in recent years. However, this process is a complex one and, as the author cautions, Brazilian democracy still has a long way to go. But the high public expectations which accompanied the election of Lula da Silva to the presidency in 2002 have given Brazilian politics a renewed optimism and momentum. By building on the achievements of President Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1994-2002), the book concludes that the Lula presidency holds out the hope of changing Brazilian politics for the long haul. Divided into 8 chapters, each containing a concise introduction outlining the core issues for discussion and an annotated guide to further reading, this book offers the most complete primer available for anyone interested in the politics of contemporary Brazil.

From Colony to Democracy

From Colony to Democracy Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Brazil and China Leadership economic growth and future

Brazil and China  Leadership  economic growth and future Book
Author : Ignacio Garcia Marin
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release : 2011-10-28
ISBN : 3656040052
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research paper from the year 2011 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Other States, grade: 1,3, Humboldt-University of Berlin, course: 2010-2011, language: English, abstract: During the last decade the world has changed. We started the current century with a clear leader: The US, but only a few years later the global arena is very different. Europe and the United States are fighting against a strong economic crisis, and their internal problems do not help to fix it. Besides, there are new regional leaders, like China, Brazil, India, and Russia. I will pay special attention to the first two, particularly their policies against poverty and inequality. The comparison between these countries, in concrete Brazil and China is very interesting, since we can see how different capitalist models are facing evident problems: strong economic growth, millions of poor and corruption. Besides, in the case of China, we are talking about a communist dictatorship with capitalist areas. To begin with I am going to do a short description about the current economic crisis, where I will discuss some ideas considering the different situation between developed and non-developed countries. To analyze the fight against poverty it is important to understand the scenario that surrounds us. Later on I will point out some political questions about the idea that current world is changing the global arena settled after the fall of the USRR. Concluding this section I will introduce to two of the new winners, Brazil and China, and their exclusive club: BRIC with the idea of describe how are these poor countries facing the problem of the poverty. The questions that I am going to answer are How are Brazil and China facing the poverty? What are the priorities of their governments?

Inequality Democracy and Sustainable Development in Latin America

Inequality  Democracy and Sustainable Development in Latin America Book
Author : Jaime Behar
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Inequality Democracy and Sustainable Development in Latin America book written by Jaime Behar, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Brazil and China

Brazil and China Book
Author : Ignacio Garcia Marin
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release : 2013-09
ISBN : 3656040672
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research paper from the year 2011 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Other States, grade: 1,3, Humboldt-University of Berlin, course: 2010-2011, language: English, abstract: During the last decade the world has changed. We started the current century with a clear leader: The US, but only a few years later the global arena is very different. Europe and the United States are fighting against a strong economic crisis, and their internal problems do not help to fix it. Besides, there are new regional leaders, like China, Brazil, India, and Russia. I will pay special attention to the first two, particularly their policies against poverty and inequality. The comparison between these countries, in concrete Brazil and China is very interesting, since we can see how different capitalist models are facing evident problems: strong economic growth, millions of poor and corruption. Besides, in the case of China, we are talking about a communist dictatorship with capitalist areas. To begin with I am going to do a short description about the current economic crisis, where I will discuss some ideas considering the different situation between developed and non-developed countries. To analyze the fight against poverty it is important to understand the scenario that surrounds us. Later on I will point out some political questions about the idea that current world is changing the global arena settled after the fall of the USRR. Concluding this section I will introduce to two of the new winners, Brazil and China, and their exclusive club: BRIC with the idea of describe how are these poor countries facing the problem of the poverty. The questions that I am going to answer are How are Brazil and China facing the poverty? What are the priorities of their governments?

Brazil in Transition

Brazil in Transition Book
Author : Lee J. Alston,Marcus André Melo,Bernardo Mueller,Carlos Pereira
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2016-05-24
ISBN : 1400880947
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brazil is the world's sixth-largest economy, and for the first three-quarters of the twentieth century was one of the fastest-growing countries in the world. While the country underwent two decades of unrelenting decline from 1975 to 1994, the economy has rebounded dramatically. How did this nation become an emerging power? Brazil in Transition looks at the factors behind why this particular country has successfully progressed up the economic development ladder. The authors examine the roles of beliefs, leadership, and institutions in the elusive, critical transition to sustainable development. Analyzing the last fifty years of Brazil's history, the authors explain how the nation's beliefs, centered on social inclusion yet bound by orthodox economic policies, led to institutions that altered economic, political, and social outcomes. Brazil's growth and inflation became less variable, the rule of law strengthened, politics became more open and competitive, and poverty and inequality declined. While these changes have led to a remarkable economic transformation, there have also been economic distortions and inefficiencies that the authors argue are part of the development process. Brazil in Transition demonstrates how a dynamic nation seized windows of opportunity to become a more equal, prosperous, and rules-based society.

Democracy and the Left

Democracy and the Left Book
Author : Evelyne Huber,John D. Stephens
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2012-09-01
ISBN : 0226356558
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although inequality in Latin America ranks among the worst in the world, it has notably declined over the last decade, offset by improvements in health care and education, enhanced programs for social assistance, and increases in the minimum wage. In Democracy and the Left, Evelyne Huber and John D. Stephens argue that the resurgence of democracy in Latin America is key to this change. In addition to directly affecting public policy, democratic institutions enable left-leaning political parties to emerge, significantly influencing the allocation of social spending on poverty and inequality. But while democracy is an important determinant of redistributive change, it is by no means the only factor. Drawing on a wealth of data, Huber and Stephens present quantitative analyses of eighteen countries and comparative historical analyses of the five most advanced social policy regimes in Latin America, showing how international power structures have influenced the direction of their social policy. They augment these analyses by comparing them to the development of social policy in democratic Portugal and Spain. The most ambitious examination of the development of social policy in Latin America to date, Democracy and the Left shows that inequality is far from intractable—a finding with crucial policy implications worldwide.

Democratic Brazil

Democratic Brazil Book
Author : Peter R. Kingstone,Timothy Joseph Power
Publisher : University of Pittsburgh Pre
Release : 2000-01-01
ISBN : 9780822972075
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

After 21 years of military rule, Brazil returned to democracy in 1985. Over the past decade and a half, Brazilians in the Nova República (New Republic) have struggled with a range of diverse challenges that have tested the durability and quality of the young democracy. How well have they succeeded? To what extent can we say that Brazilian democracy has consolidated? What actors, institutions, and processes have emerged as most salient over the past 15 years? Although Brazil is Latin America's largest country, the world's third largest democracy, and a country with a population and GNP larger than Yeltsin's Russia, more than a decade has passed since the last collaborative effort to examine regime change in Brazil, and no work in English has yet provided a comprehensive appraisal of Brazilian democracy in the period since 1985. Democratic Brazil analyzes Brazilian democracy in a comprehensive, systematic fashion, covering the full period of the New Republic from Presidents Sarney to Cardoso. Democratic Brazil brings together twelve top scholars, the “next generation of Brazilianists,” with wide-ranging specialties including institutional analysis, state autonomy, federalism and decentralization, economic management and business-state relations, the military, the Catholic Church and the new religious pluralism, social movements, the left, regional integration, demographic change, and human rights and the rule of law. Each chapter focuses on a crucial process or actor in the New Republic, with emphasis on its relationship to democratic consolidation. The volume also contains a comprehensive bibliography on Brazilian politics and society since 1985. Prominent Brazilian historian Thomas Skidmore has contributed a foreword to the volume. Democratic Brazil speaks to a wide audience, including Brazilianists, Latin Americanists generally, students of comparative democratization, as well as specialists within the various thematic subfields represented by the contributors. Written in a clear, accessible style, the book is ideally suited for use in upper-level undergraduate courses and graduate seminars on Latin American politics and development.

Democratic Brazil Revisited

Democratic Brazil Revisited Book
Author : Peter Kingstone
Publisher : University of Pittsburgh Pre
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780822973478
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the world's fifth-largest country, Brazil presents a compelling example of democracy in action. In this sequel to their landmark study Democratic Brazil, editors Peter Kingstone and Timothy Power have assembled a distinguished group of U.S.- and Brazilian-based scholars to assess the impact of competitive politics on Brazilian government, institutions, economics, and society. The 2002 election of Lula da Silva and his Worker's Party promised a radical shift toward progressive reform, transparency, and accountability, opposing the earlier centrist and market-oriented policies of the Cardoso government. But despite the popular support reflected in his 2006 reelection, many observers claim that Lula and his party have fallen short of their platform promises. They have moved to the center in their policies, done little to change the elitist political culture of the past, and have engaged in "politics as usual" in executive-legislative relations, leading to allegations of corruption. Under these conditions, democracy in Brazil remains an enigma. Progress in some areas is offset by stagnation and regression in others: while the country has seen renewed economic growth and significant progress in areas of health care and education, the gap between rich and poor remains vast. Rampant crime, racial inequality, and a pandemic lack of personal security taint the vision of progress. These dilemmas make Brazil a particularly striking case for those interested in Latin America and democratization in general.

Brazil s Second Chance

Brazil s Second Chance Book
Author : Lincoln Gordon
Publisher : Brookings Institution Press
Release : 2004-05-13
ISBN : 0815798547
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brazil is currently in a critical phase of a decades-long transformation from a patrimonial society--based on the cultivation and export of sugar and coffee--to a modernized industrial and service economy with effective democratic governance. It is the world's fifth largest nation-state in area and population, and ranks eighth in total economic output. Since World War II, Brazil has been a leader in international trade governance and negotiation, playing an important part in development of the GATT and the WTO. Currently, the country is a major factor in negotiations toward a hemispherewide Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA). However, Brazil's political record in the past half century has been erratic and it has struggled with high inflation and balance-of-payment deficits. In this major new work, a former American ambassador to Brazil examines the social, political, and economic history of the country since the 1930s and discusses whether Brazil is now ready to assume a place as an important participant among First World nations.

Growing Pains in Latin America

Growing Pains in Latin America Book
Author : Liliana Rojas-Suárez
Publisher : CGD Books
Release : 2009
ISBN : 1933286318
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book tackles the complex issue of how to accelerate economic growth and ensure sustainability in Latin America. It first lays out the framework designed by experts in the economics and politics of growth in the region. Although simple and intuitive, the framework addresses the many ingredients that shape economic growth there, including macroeconomics, the quality of political institutions, productivity, income inequality, democracy, and resistance to reform. A second group of experts then apply the framework to five countries: Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Peru. They provide specific policy recommendations on how to proceed with the reform process while taking into account the local conditions (economic, social, and political) that characterize the individual countries.

Brazil

Brazil Book
Author : Alfred P. Montero
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-01-21
ISBN : 0745681107
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Once deemed a “dysfunctional” democracy with a “feckless” set of political institutions and a “drunk” economy, today’s Brazil has undergone a complete reversal of fortune. Now in its third decade of democracy, the economy is blossoming and large-scale development projects are underway, including the exploitation of massive, off-shore oil reserves, a nationwide effort to modernize infrastructure, and preparations for the hosting of the 2014 World Cup and the 2016 Olympics. Inequality and poverty are reducing and even Brazil’s political institutions are more governable and are producing a higher-quality democracy than most observers once thought possible. Alfred P. Montero’s timely and wide-ranging book explores Brazil’s amazing “turnaround” - from improvements to the working of its political institutions and judiciary, to the renewal of economic growth, the advent of innovative social policy, and the emergence of a new foreign policy agenda. Unpacking both overly optimistic as well as pessimistic views of Brazilian politics and development, Montero offers illuminating insights into the country’s transformation and its increasing significance on the international stage.

Democracy and Reform in Cardoso s Brazil

Democracy and Reform in Cardoso s Brazil Book
Author : William C. Smith
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Download Democracy and Reform in Cardoso s Brazil book written by William C. Smith, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Is There a New Brazilian Development Model

Is There a New Brazilian Development Model  Book
Author : Michael MacLennan,Armando Barrientos,Edmund Amann
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the world begins to wake up to the dire social and economic consequences of rising inequality, we must recognise that it is not an inevitable side-effect of economic growth and development. Many Latin American countries, and Brazil in particular, have demonstrated it is possible to achieve inclusive growth, which has reduced inequality and poverty. Despite its current difficulties, Brazil offers a striking example of inclusive growth. Inequality has fallen sharply over the past decade and a half, a period which has also seen the country lift an estimated 40 million people out of poverty. Although growth rates have been modest in comparison to China or India, Brazil has implemented a raft of measures to ensure the results of such growth have been shared throughout society. While Brazilians have seen their incomes rise, the poorest have benefited most. The growth experienced by Brazil hasn't simply been attained through the unsustainable exploitation of natural resources. Despite serious lingering problems, deforestation rates in the Amazon have fallen remarkably since 2004. New jobs have been created, child mortality has plummeted, and schooling rates have increased. So how have these gains been achieved, are they sustainable, what challenges remain, and what can other developing countries learn from Brazil's experiences? These were the questions asked by a team of researchers from Brazil, Europe and the USA who formed the International Research Initiative on Brazil and Africa (IRIBA). This issue of Policy in Focus looks at the findings and insights they have produced. The foundations of Brazilian progress can be traced back to the transition from a dictatorship to a democracy in the mid-1980s and the vision for the country which emerged. A firm consensus between citizens and politicians to address the "social debt" created by soaring inequality set the country on a new path. After the economy was stabilised in the mid-1990s, the economic management pursued by successive governments enabled innovative social policies to flourish. As a more inclusive and prosperous Brazil has developed, the public demand for further progress has also grown. The large protests surrounding the 2014 Football World Cup, worries about an economy mired in recession, and deep concern with serious corruption scandals demonstrate that the Brazilian consensus is under considerable strain. ...

States Markets and Just Growth

States  Markets  and Just Growth Book
Author : United Nations University
Publisher : United Nations Univ
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This publication considers common concerns of developing countries in the search for sustainable development and growth such as globalisation, democracy, poverty and inequality, while also emphasising special regional needs. It contains a number of papers which discuss four key shared concerns: to what extent should states intervene in the market in order to promote growth; how much emphasis should development strategies put on deliberate redistribution and/or poverty alleviation; the impact of globalisation on developing countries in choosing their development paths; and whether democracies are able to reconcile economic growth with distribution.