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Industrial Tomography

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Industrial Tomography

Industrial Tomography Book
Author : M Wang
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2022-05-18
ISBN : 0128233079
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Industrial Tomography: Systems and Applications, Second Edition thoroughly explores the important techniques of industrial tomography, also discusses image reconstruction, systems, and applications. This book presents complex processes, including the way three-dimensional imaging is used to create multiple cross-sections, and how computer software helps monitor flows, filtering, mixing, drying processes, and chemical reactions inside vessels and pipelines. This book is suitable for materials scientists and engineers and applied physicists working in the photonics and optoelectronics industry or in the applications industries. Provides a comprehensive discussion on the different formats of tomography, including advances in visualization and data fusion Includes an excellent overview of image reconstruction using a wide range of applications Presents a comprehensive discussion of tomography systems and their applications in a wide variety of industrial processes

Industrial X Ray Computed Tomography

Industrial X Ray Computed Tomography Book
Author : Simone Carmignato,Wim Dewulf,Richard Leach
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-10-18
ISBN : 3319595733
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

X-ray computed tomography has been used for several decades as a tool for measuring the three-dimensional geometry of the internal organs in medicine. However, in recent years, we have seen a move in manufacturing industries for the use of X-ray computed tomography; first to give qualitative information about the internal geometry and defects in a component, and more recently, as a fully-quantitative technique for dimensional and materials analysis. This trend is primarily due to the ability of X-ray computed tomography to give a high-density and multi-scale representation of both the external and internal geometry of a component, in a non-destructive, non-contact and relatively fast way. But, due to the complexity of X-ray computed tomography, there are remaining metrological issues to solve and the specification standards are still under development. This book will act as a one-stop-shop resource for students and users of X-ray computed tomography in both academia and industry. It presents the fundamental principles of the technique, detailed descriptions of the various components (hardware and software), current developments in calibration and performance verification and a wealth of example applications. The book will also highlight where there is still work to do, in the perspective that X-ray computed tomography will be an essential part of Industry 4.0.

Selected Papers from the 9th World Congress on Industrial Process Tomography

Selected Papers from the 9th World Congress on Industrial Process Tomography Book
Author : Manuchehr Soleimani,Thomas Wondrak,Chao Tan
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-02-21
ISBN : 3039282484
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Industrial process tomography (IPT) is becoming an important tool for Industry 4.0. It consists of multidimensional sensor technologies and methods that aim to provide unparalleled internal information on industrial processes used in many sectors. This book showcases a selection of papers at the forefront of the latest developments in such technologies.

Discrete Tomography

Discrete Tomography Book
Author : Gabor T. Herman,Attila Kuba
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461215684
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Goals of the Book Overthelast thirty yearsthere has been arevolutionindiagnostic radiology as a result oftheemergenceofcomputerized tomography (CT), which is the process of obtaining the density distribution within the human body from multiple x-ray projections. Since an enormous variety of possible density values may occur in the body, a large number of projections are necessary to ensure the accurate reconstruction oftheir distribution. There are other situations in which we desire to reconstruct an object from its projections, but in which we know that the object to be recon structed has only a small number of possible values. For example, a large fraction of objects scanned in industrial CT (for the purpose of nonde structive testing or reverse engineering) are made of a single material and so the ideal reconstruction should contain only two values: zero for air and the value associated with the material composing the object. Similar as sumptions may even be made for some specific medical applications; for example, in angiography ofthe heart chambers the value is either zero (in dicating the absence of dye) or the value associated with the dye in the chamber. Another example arises in the electron microscopy of biological macromolecules, where we may assume that the object to be reconstructed is composed of ice, protein, and RNA. One can also apply electron mi croscopy to determine the presenceor absence ofatoms in crystallinestruc tures, which is again a two-valued situation.

Electrical Impedance Tomography

Electrical Impedance Tomography Book
Author : Andy Adler,David Holder
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-12-19
ISBN : 0429680880
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With contributions from leading international researchers, this second edition of Electrical Impedance Tomography: Methods, History and Applications has been fully updated throughout and contains new developments in the field, including sections on image interpretation and image reconstruction. Providing a thorough review of the progress of EIT, the present state of knowledge, and a look at future advances and applications, this accessible reference will be invaluable for mathematicians, physicists dealing with bioimpedance, electronic engineers involved in developing and extending its applications, and clinicians wishing to take advantage of this powerful imaging method. Key Features: Fully updated throughout, with new sections on image interpretation and image reconstruction Overview of the current state of experimental and clinical use of EIT as well as active research developments Overview of related research in geophysics, industrial process tomography, magnetic-resonance and magnetic-induction impedance imaging

Tomography

Tomography Book
Author : Pierre Grangeat
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-03-04
ISBN : 1118617673
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The principle of tomography is to explore the structure and composition of objects non-destructively along spatial and temporal dimensions, using penetrating radiation, such as X- and gamma-rays, or waves, such as electromagnetic and acoustic waves. Based on computer-assisted image reconstruction, tomography provides maps of parameters that characterize the emission of the employed radiation or waves, or their interaction with the examined objects, for one or several cross-sections. Thus, it gives access to the inner structure of inert objects and living organisms in their full complexity. In this book, multidisciplinary specialists explain the foundations and principles of tomographic imaging and describe a broad range of applications. The content is organized in five parts, which are dedicated to image reconstruction, microtomography, industrial tomography, morphological medical tomography and functional medical tomography.

Computer Modelling in Tomography and Ill Posed Problems

Computer Modelling in Tomography and Ill Posed Problems Book
Author : Michail M. Lavrent'ev,M. Mikhail Mikhailovich Lavrentev,S. M. Zerkal,Oleg Evgenʹevich Trofimov,O. E. Trofimov
Publisher : VSP
Release : 2001-01-01
ISBN : 9789067643504
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The last decades of the 20th century were marked by the appearance of a new field of mathematics: computerized tomography. Its theory forms the basis for the solution of many applied problems. The methods of computerized tomography make it possible study the interior structure of a body by examining the characteristics of radiation passing through the object under study (transmission tomography). Depending on the type of radiation used, X-ray, optical, seismic, and some other kinds of tomography can be distinguished. Comparatively weakly researched, untraditional tomography problems are being solved because of new achievements in calculation mathematics and the theory of ill-posed problems (3D cone-beam tomography, geo-tomography). Experiments show possibilities and applicability of algorithms of processing tomography data. This monograph is devoted to considering these problems in connection with series of ill-posed problems in tomography settings, arising from practice. The basic themes of the book are: mathematical basis of the method of computerized tomography; algorithms for 3D cone-beam tomography; and inverse kinematics problems in tomographic settings (geo-tomography). This volume in the Inverse and Ill-Posed Problems Series will be of interest to researchers, graduates and post-graduates in X-ray, optical, seismic, as well as some other kinds of tomography in both academia and industry.

Digital X ray Tomography

Digital X ray Tomography Book
Author : V.I. Syryamkin,S.A. Klestov,S.B. Suntsov
Publisher : Red Square Scientific, Ltd.
Release : 2022-08-11
ISBN : 0992829992
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Digital X ray Tomography book written by V.I. Syryamkin,S.A. Klestov,S.B. Suntsov, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advanced Tomographic Methods in Materials Research and Engineering

Advanced Tomographic Methods in Materials Research and Engineering Book
Author : John Banhart
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2008-03-20
ISBN : 0191526622
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tomography provides three-dimensional images of heterogeneous materials or engineering components, and offers an unprecedented insight into their internal structure. By using X-rays generated by synchrotrons, neutrons from nuclear reactors, or electrons provided by transmission electron microscopes, hitherto invisible structures can be revealed which are not accessible to conventional tomography based on X-ray tubes. This book is mainly written for applied physicists, materials scientists and engineers. It provides detailed descriptions of the recent developments in this field, especially the extension of tomography to materials research and engineering. The book is grouped into four parts: a general introduction into the principles of tomography, image analysis and the interactions between radiation and matter, and one part each for synchrotron X-ray tomography, neutron tomography, and electron tomography. Within these parts, individual chapters written by different authors describe important versions of tomography, and also provide examples of applications to demonstrate the capacity of the methods. The accompanying CD-ROM contains some typical data sets and programs to reconstruct, analyse and visualise the three-dimensional data.

Principles of Computerized Tomographic Imaging

Principles of Computerized Tomographic Imaging Book
Author : Aninash C. Kak,Malcolm Slaney
Publisher : SIAM
Release : 2001-01-01
ISBN : 089871494X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive, tutorial-style introduction to the algorithms necessary for tomographic imaging.

Process Tomography

Process Tomography Book
Author : M S Beck,Williams
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0080938019
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by international experts in this field, the book describes the principles of, and presents case studies for, the wide range of tomographic imaging techniques that can be used in the process industries. It includes sufficient introductory material to this multi-disciplinary subject in order that readers from a variety of backgrounds will be able to fully understand the fundamental principles and features of the sensors and image reconstruction techniques needed for process tomography.

Emission Tomography

Emission Tomography Book
Author : Miles N. Wernick,John N. Aarsvold
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-12-07
ISBN : 9780080521879
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

PET and SPECT are two of today’s most important medical-imaging methods, providing images that reveal subtle information about physiological processes in humans and animals. Emission Tomography: The Fundamentals of PET and SPECT explains the physics and engineering principles of these important functional-imaging methods. The technology of emission tomography is covered in detail, including historical origins, scientific and mathematical foundations, imaging systems and their components, image reconstruction and analysis, simulation techniques, and clinical and laboratory applications. The book describes the state of the art of emission tomography, including all facets of conventional SPECT and PET, as well as contemporary topics such as iterative image reconstruction, small-animal imaging, and PET/CT systems. This book is intended as a textbook and reference resource for graduate students, researchers, medical physicists, biomedical engineers, and professional engineers and physicists in the medical-imaging industry. Thorough tutorials of fundamental and advanced topics are presented by dozens of the leading researchers in PET and SPECT. SPECT has long been a mainstay of clinical imaging, and PET is now one of the world’s fastest growing medical imaging techniques, owing to its dramatic contributions to cancer imaging and other applications. Emission Tomography: The Fundamentals of PET and SPECT is an essential resource for understanding the technology of SPECT and PET, the most widely used forms of molecular imaging. *Contains thorough tutorial treatments, coupled with coverage of advanced topics *Three of the four holders of the prestigious Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Medical Imaging Scientist Award are chapter contributors *Include color artwork

Computerized Tomography for Scientists and Engineers

Computerized Tomography for Scientists and Engineers Book
Author : Prabhat Munshi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-01-04
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides examples of applications of tomography in engineering from leading CT experts. Typical problems include monitoring of multiphase flows, crystal growth, blast furnaces, stirred vessels, non-destructive testing, plasma diagnostics, and determining the strength of bones. X and Y- rays, electrical impedance and resistance measurements, ultrasound, and lasers are all covered. Various mathematical issues are addressed as are various physical problems. As the book provides an account of current developments in imaging, it is quite useful applied to other fields where identical mathematical techniques are employed. Imaging has evolved into an interdisciplinary field with mathematics as a common language.

Electrical Impedance Tomography

Electrical Impedance Tomography Book
Author : Andy Adler,David Holder
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-12-19
ISBN : 0429680872
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With contributions from leading international researchers, this second edition of Electrical Impedance Tomography: Methods, History and Applications has been fully updated throughout and contains new developments in the field, including sections on image interpretation and image reconstruction. Providing a thorough review of the progress of EIT, the present state of knowledge, and a look at future advances and applications, this accessible reference will be invaluable for mathematicians, physicists dealing with bioimpedance, electronic engineers involved in developing and extending its applications, and clinicians wishing to take advantage of this powerful imaging method. Key Features: Fully updated throughout, with new sections on image interpretation and image reconstruction Overview of the current state of experimental and clinical use of EIT as well as active research developments Overview of related research in geophysics, industrial process tomography, magnetic-resonance and magnetic-induction impedance imaging

Handbook of X ray Imaging

Handbook of X ray Imaging Book
Author : Paolo Russo
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-14
ISBN : 1498741541
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Containing chapter contributions from over 130 experts, this unique publication is the first handbook dedicated to the physics and technology of X-ray imaging, offering extensive coverage of the field. This highly comprehensive work is edited by one of the world’s leading experts in X-ray imaging physics and technology and has been created with guidance from a Scientific Board containing respected and renowned scientists from around the world. The book's scope includes 2D and 3D X-ray imaging techniques from soft-X-ray to megavoltage energies, including computed tomography, fluoroscopy, dental imaging and small animal imaging, with several chapters dedicated to breast imaging techniques. 2D and 3D industrial imaging is incorporated, including imaging of artworks. Specific attention is dedicated to techniques of phase contrast X-ray imaging. The approach undertaken is one that illustrates the theory as well as the techniques and the devices routinely used in the various fields. Computational aspects are fully covered, including 3D reconstruction algorithms, hard/software phantoms, and computer-aided diagnosis. Theories of image quality are fully illustrated. Historical, radioprotection, radiation dosimetry, quality assurance and educational aspects are also covered. This handbook will be suitable for a very broad audience, including graduate students in medical physics and biomedical engineering; medical physics residents; radiographers; physicists and engineers in the field of imaging and non-destructive industrial testing using X-rays; and scientists interested in understanding and using X-ray imaging techniques. The handbook's editor, Dr. Paolo Russo, has over 30 years’ experience in the academic teaching of medical physics and X-ray imaging research. He has authored several book chapters in the field of X-ray imaging, is Editor-in-Chief of an international scientific journal in medical physics, and has responsibilities in the publication committees of international scientific organizations in medical physics. Features: Comprehensive coverage of the use of X-rays both in medical radiology and industrial testing The first handbook published to be dedicated to the physics and technology of X-rays Handbook edited by world authority, with contributions from experts in each field

The Mathematics of Computerized Tomography

The Mathematics of Computerized Tomography Book
Author : Frank Natterer
Publisher : SIAM
Release : 2001-06-01
ISBN : 0898714931
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a unified view of tomographic techniques and an in-depth treatment of reconstruction algorithms.

Advances in Agronomy

Advances in Agronomy Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1993-06-07
ISBN : 9780080563626
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Continuing the international tradition, Volume 49 of Advances in Agronomy highlights current areas of interest to both researchers and students of agronomy. Areas covered include phosphogypsum in agriculture, nutrient cycling and soil fertility in the grazed pasture ecosystem. It also discusses the current use of computer assisted tomography (CAT) in studying water movement around plant roots as well as future applications of CAT in agronomy, and electrical conductivity methods for measuring and mapping soil salinity.

IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics Proceedings

IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics Proceedings Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics Proceedings book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Modern Drying Technology Volume 2

Modern Drying Technology  Volume 2 Book
Author : Evangelos Tsotsas,Arun S. Mujumdar
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-02-10
ISBN : 3527631658
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This five-volume handbook provides a comprehensive overview of all important aspects of modern drying technology, including only cutting-edge results. Volume 2 comprises experimental methods used in various industries and in research in order to design and control drying processes, measure moisture and moisture distributions, characterize particulate material and the internal micro-structure of dried products, and investigate the behavior of particle systems in drying equipment. Key topics include acoustic levitation, near-infrared spectral imaging, magnetic resonance imaging, X-ray tomography, and positron emission tracking.

McGraw Hill 2003 Yearbook of Science Technology

McGraw Hill 2003 Yearbook of Science   Technology Book
Author : McGraw Hill
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release : 2003-02-11
ISBN : 0071425802
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

* McGraw-Hill's annual publication continues its tradition of making information on the latest advances in science and technology accessible to non-specialists through concise, well-illustrated articles * Approximately 170 articles from leaders in scientific and technical disciplines from astronomy to zoology * Up-to-date coverage in forefront areas such as biotechnology, cosmology, environmental science and technology, information technology, molecular medicine, telecommunications, and theoretical physics * 300 images and two color graphics enhance the text * Features numerous cross-references to the Encyclopedia and bibliographies of key literature after each article * An extensive subject index makes finding information a snap