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Impacts of Climate Change on the Indian Summer Monsoon

Impacts of Climate Change on the Indian Summer Monsoon Book
Author : Roxy M. K.,Chaithra S. T.
Publisher : Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC), Government of India
Release : 2018-12-03
ISBN : 819331316X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Variability of the Indian summer monsoon has increased significantly since the 1950s. For several regions across India, this means an increase in long dry periods with low or no rainfall, intermittent with short, intense spells of rainfall. These changes are particularly significant for the western, central and eastern states of India where more than 55% of the cultivated area is largely rainfed and where the adaptive capacity is the lowest. The large-scale secular changes in monsoon rainfall are attributed to the increase in global emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollutants. At the same time, local changes through urbanization, land use changes and deforestation have brought in a non-uniform response in these rainfall trends. Changes in the onset, duration and intensity of the rainfall call for a reassessment of the crop calendar and climate resilient measures for the food-water-energy sectors of the country. Global warming has also altered the relationship between sea surface temperatures and other predictors of monsoon rainfall, introducing increasing challenges and uncertainties in the monsoon forecasts. Climate projections indicate a further increase in the monsoon variability and a shortening of the rainy season in the future, though there is considerable disagreement between model simulations.

Indian Summer Monsoon Variability

Indian Summer Monsoon Variability Book
Author : Jasti S. Chowdary,Anant Parekh,C. Gnanaseelan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-15
ISBN : 0128224320
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Indian Summer Monsoon Variability: El Niño-Teleconnections and Beyond presents the improved understanding of Indian Monsoon teleconnections (ENSO and Non-ENSO), new advances, and preferred future steps. Special emphasis is given to non-ENSO teleconnections which have been poorly understood for decades. With growing monsoon rainfall extremes across the Indian Subcontinent, a new understanding of monsoon environmental factors that are driven remotely through teleconnections is a trending topic. Finally, the book reviews current understanding of the observational and modeling aspects of Indian monsoon teleconnections. This is a must-read for researchers and graduate students in atmospheric science and meteorology. Presents teleconnections associated with the Indian summer monsoon from a global perspective Discusses new pathways that connect the remote drivers to Indian summer monsoon variability Covers a wide range of mechanisms, processes, and science questions in relation to monsoon variability from interannual, decadal to climate change time scales

Impacts of the Indian Ocean on the Indian Summer Monsoon ENSO Relationship

Impacts of the Indian Ocean on the Indian Summer Monsoon ENSO Relationship Book
Author : Renguang Wu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Impacts of the Indian Ocean on the Indian Summer Monsoon ENSO Relationship book written by Renguang Wu, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Two Types of Dry Indian Summer Monsoons

Two Types of Dry Indian Summer Monsoons Book
Author : Renguang Wu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Two Types of Dry Indian Summer Monsoons book written by Renguang Wu, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Effect of Eurasian Snowfall on the Indian Summer Monsoon

The Effect of Eurasian Snowfall on the Indian Summer Monsoon Book
Author : Michael S. Kapel
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Effect of Eurasian Snowfall on the Indian Summer Monsoon book written by Michael S. Kapel, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

On the Impacts of the Indian Summer Monsoon on ENSO in a Coupled GCM

On the Impacts of the Indian Summer Monsoon on ENSO in a Coupled GCM Book
Author : Renguang Wu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download On the Impacts of the Indian Summer Monsoon on ENSO in a Coupled GCM book written by Renguang Wu, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Himalayan Snow Cover and the Indian Summer Monsoon Activity

Himalayan Snow Cover and the Indian Summer Monsoon Activity Book
Author : B. Dey
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Himalayan Snow Cover and the Indian Summer Monsoon Activity book written by B. Dey, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Indian Summer Monsoon and Its Variability

The Indian Summer Monsoon and Its Variability Book
Author : J. M. Slingo
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Indian Summer Monsoon and Its Variability book written by J. M. Slingo, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Monsoons

Monsoons Book
Author : Jay S. Fein,Pamela L. Stephens
Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
Release : 1987-02-23
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents a multifaceted view of the monsoon -- its lore, its societal impact, and its meteorology. Includes an economic analysis of the value of weather and climate data in developing countries, thorough treatment of monsoon variability on paleoclimate time scales, topographical influences on monsoons and ocean-monsoon interactions, the latest information on the tools being used to predict the variability of monsoons, and much more. Focuses on the Asian monsoon and, in particular, the Indian summer monsoon. Provides illustrations with ocean circulation charts, data tables on long-term statistics of monsoon precipitation, and precipitation variability

Simulation of Indian Summer Monsoon Processes Using Numerical Models

Simulation of Indian Summer Monsoon Processes Using Numerical Models Book
Author : Satyaban Bishoyi Ratna
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release : 2014-02-26
ISBN : 9783659125515
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most of the annual rainfall of the Indian subcontinent occurs during the summer monsoon season. Prediction of the monsoon rainfall is important due to its impact on agrarian economies of countries like India. Attempts are being made continuously to understand the physical and dynamical processes and to predict the monsoon on different spatial and time scales. During the last few years, high resolution numerical models based on non-hydrostatic dynamics have been developed along with the recent developments in high performance computing facilities. In the present study, the author has chosen to study the predictability of the onset phase, heavy rainfall events and the regional characteristics of the Indian summer monsoon using high resolution mesoscale and regional climate models. The outcome of this work should be useful to the students, scholars and researchers in the weather and climate prediction studies.

A Study of Satellite derived Cloudiness During the Indian Summer Monsoon

A Study of Satellite derived Cloudiness During the Indian Summer Monsoon Book
Author : Robert E. Peterson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1974
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download A Study of Satellite derived Cloudiness During the Indian Summer Monsoon book written by Robert E. Peterson, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Intra seasonal Vagaries of the Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall

Intra seasonal Vagaries of the Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall Book
Author : Ashwini Kulkarni,S. S. Sabade,R. H. Kripalani
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Intra seasonal Vagaries of the Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall book written by Ashwini Kulkarni,S. S. Sabade,R. H. Kripalani, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Impact of Anthropogenic Aerosols on Indian Summer Monsoon

The Impact of Anthropogenic Aerosols on Indian Summer Monsoon Book
Author : Chien Wang (Atmospheric Chemistry Research Scientist.),Dongchul Kim,Annica Ekman,Mary Christine Barth,Philip John Rasch,Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Joint Program on the Science & Policy of Global Change
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Using an interactive aerosol-climate model we find that absorbing anthropogenic aerosols, whether coexisting with scattering aerosols or not, can significantly affect the Indian summer monsoon system. We also show that the influence is reflected in a perturbation to the moist static energy in the sub-cloud layer, initiated as a heating by absorbing aerosols to the planetary boundary layer. The perturbation appears mostly over land, extending from just north of the Arabian Sea to northern India along the southern slope of the Tibetan Plateau. As a result, during the summer monsoon season, modeled convective precipitation experiences a clear northward shift, coincidently in general agreement with observed monsoon precipitation changes in recent decades particularly during the onset season. We demonstrate that the sub-cloud layer moist static energy is a useful quantity for determining the impact of aerosols on the northward extent and to a certain degree the strength of monsoon convection.

An Analysis of the Possible Relationship Between the Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall the 11 year Solar Cycle and the Quasi Biennial Oscillation

An Analysis of the Possible Relationship Between the Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall  the 11 year Solar Cycle and the Quasi Biennial Oscillation Book
Author : Vinod K. Dubey
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download An Analysis of the Possible Relationship Between the Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall the 11 year Solar Cycle and the Quasi Biennial Oscillation book written by Vinod K. Dubey, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Indian Summer Monsoon Variability Under Recent Past and Future Climate Conditions

Indian Summer Monsoon Variability Under Recent  Past and Future Climate Conditions Book
Author : Daniel J. Befort
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Indian Summer Monsoon Variability Under Recent Past and Future Climate Conditions book written by Daniel J. Befort, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Interannual Variability and Predictability of the Indian Summer Monsoon

Interannual Variability and Predictability of the Indian Summer Monsoon Book
Author : Ghyslaine Boschat
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Indian Summer Monsoon (ISM) are two of the most energetic and influential climatic phenomena on the planet. Although they originate in the tropical Indo-Pacific region, they can extend their reach well beyond, through atmospheric teleconnnections that can affect patterns of climate variability worldwide. This thesis takes part in a global effort to improve our understanding of the potential predictability of ISM rainfall and ENSO, by exploring the large-scale teleconnections associated with the whole monsoon-ENSO system on interannual timescales, as well as the role played by leading modes of coupled variability, particularly in tropical and extratropical parts of the Indo-Pacific region. Based on statistical diagnoses of observations before and after the 1976-77 climate shift, and numerical experiments with the SINTEX-F coupled model, our results highlight the importance of mid-latitudes in the predictability of the ISM-ENSO system. Indeed, significant and robust precursors are identified in the North Pacific and South Indian Oceans during the previous boreal winter/early spring, and have the potential to predict ISM and ENSO events with longer lead-times than their traditional tropical predictors. Besides, this predictability is stronger for the 'late' ISM rainfall during August-September. This second part of the ISM season is also characterized by the occurrence of ocean-atmospheric processes in the Indian Ocean, which compete with the effect of ENSO on the monsoon. The enhancement of these local feedbacks could explain the apparent weakening of the seasonal ENSO-monsoon relationship observed in recent decades.

Role of the Indian and Pacific Oceans in the Indian Summer Monsoon Variability

Role of the Indian and Pacific Oceans in the Indian Summer Monsoon Variability Book
Author : Deepthi Achuthavarier
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The role of the Indian and Pacific sea surface temperature (SST) variability in the intraseasonal and interannual variability of the Indian summer monsoon rainfall is examined by performing a set of regionally coupled experiments with the Climate Forecast System (CFS), the latest and operational coupled general circulation model (CGCM) developed at the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP). The intraseasonal and interannual variability are studied by isolating oscillatory and persistent signals, respectively, from the unfiltered daily rainfall anomalies using multi-channel singular spectrum analysis (MSSA). This technique identifies nonlinear oscillations, its variance and period without preconditioning the data with a filter and also helps to separate the intraseasonal and low frequency climate signals from the daily variability. It is found that, although the model has large amount of daily variance in rainfall, the combined variance of coherently propagating intraseasonal oscillations is only about 7% while the corresponding number in the observations is 11%. The model has three intraseasonal oscillations with periods around 106, 57 and 30 days. The 106-day mode has a characteristic large-scale pattern extending from the Arabian Sea to the West Pacific with northward and eastward propagations. These features are similar to the northeastward propagating 45-day mode found in the observations except for the longer period. The 57-day mode is more dominant in the region, 60[degrees]E-100[degrees]E and is strictly northward-propagating. The 30-day mode appears to be equivalent to the northwestward propagating oscillation in the observations. The dominant low frequency persistent signal in the region is due to the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO). The ENSO-related rainfall anomalies, however fail to penetrate into the Extended Indian Monsoon Rainfall (EIMR) region, and therefore, the ENSO-monsoon relationship in the model is weak. Regionally coupled simulations of the CFS have revealed that the northeastward propagating 106-day mode exists in the model with weak amplitude and reduced variance even when the air-sea interaction over the Indian Ocean is suppressed. However, this mode was not obtained when the Indian Ocean SST variability is reduced to climatology. The spatial structure and propagation of the 106-day mode appear to be unaffected by the Pacific SST variability; i.e., a simulation with climatological SST in the Pacific reproduced this mode. The 30-day northwestward propagating mode showed little change with respect to the Indian Ocean SST, but is dependent on the air-sea interactions over the west Pacific. Simulations using prescribed SST in the Indian Ocean showed that the spatial structure of the ENSO mode in the Indian Ocean is dependent on the air-sea interaction in that region. It is argued that the western Indian Ocean in this model is over-sensitive to atmospheric momentum fluxes and therefore cools down quickly in response to the ENSO-induced circulation anomalies. Further, this process creates a dipole pattern with cool (warm) western and warm (cool) eastern Indian Ocean during a La Niña (El Niño) event. This dipole prevents the ENSO anomalies from reaching the EIMR region and causes the incorrect ENSO-monsoon relationship. It is also found that such a dipole pattern, although with less variance is present even in the absence of the ENSO variability. The monsoon rainfall variability in the absence of the ENSO could be dictated by internal dynamics in this model.

Land atmosphere Feedbacks in Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall

Land atmosphere Feedbacks in Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall Book
Author : Shakeel Asharaf
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-12-03
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Land atmosphere Feedbacks in Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall book written by Shakeel Asharaf, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.