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Improving Cereal Productivity Through Climate Smart Practices

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Improving Cereal Productivity through Climate Smart Practices

Improving Cereal Productivity through Climate Smart Practices Book
Author : Sindhu sareen,Pradeep Sharma,Charan Singh,Poonam Jasrotia,Gyanendra Pratap Singh,Ashok Kumar Sarial
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-11-27
ISBN : 0128226307
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Improving Cereal Productivity through Climate Smart Practices is based on the presentations of the 4th International Group Meeting on "Wheat productivity enhancement through climate smart practices," and moves beyond the presentations to provide additional depth and breadth on this important topic. Focused specifically on wheat, and with chapters contributed by globally renowned pioneers in the field of cereal science, the book helps readers understand climate change and its effects on different aspects of wheat production in different parts of the world. This book will be important for those in research and industry seeking to contribute to the effective feeding of the world’s population. Encompasses the possible impact of climate change and future strategies to enhance wheat production on a sustainable basis Explores the genetic manipulation of wheat to mitigate the effects of climate change Includes both biotic and abiotic stresses and their management under changing climate

Climate Change and Agricultural Development

Climate Change and Agricultural Development Book
Author : Udaya Sekhar Nagothu
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-07-15
ISBN : 1317413687
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Two of the greatest current challenges are climate change (and variability) and food security. Feeding nine billion people by 2050 will require major efforts aimed at climate change adaptation and mitigation. One approach to agriculture has recently been captured by the widely adopted term of "Climate Smart Agriculture" (CSA). This book not only explains what this entails, but also presents practical on-the-ground studies of practices and innovations in agriculture across a broader spectrum, including agroecology and conservation agriculture, in less developed countries. It is shown that CSA is not a completely new science and a number of its recommended technologies have been used for some time by local farmers all over the world. What is relevant and new is ‘the approach’ to exploit their adaptation and mitigation potential. However, a major limitation is the lack of evidence-based knowledge that is necessary for policy makers to prepare strategies for adaptation and mitigation. This book assembles knowledge of CSA, agroecology and conservation agriculture, and perspectives from different regions of the world, to build resilient food systems. The first part analyzes the concept, opportunities and challenges, and provides a global perspective, drawing particularly on studies from Africa and Asia. The second part of the book showcases results from various studies linked to soil, water and crop management measures from an ongoing program in India as well as experiences from other regions. The third section assesses the needs for an enabling policy environment, mainstreaming gender and sime final recommendations for up-scaling and/or out-scaling innovations.

Changing Climate and Resource use Efficiency in Plants

Changing Climate and Resource use Efficiency in Plants Book
Author : Amitav Bhattacharya
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-11-01
ISBN : 0128168374
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Changing Climate and Resource Use Efficiency in Plants reviews the efficiencies for resource use by crop plants under different climatic conditions. This book focuses on the challenges and potential remediation methods for a variety of resource factors. Chapters deal with the effects of different climatic conditions on agriculture, radiation use efficiency under various climatic conditions, the efficiency of water and its impact on harvest production under restricted soil moisture conditions, nitrogen and phosphorus use efficiency, nitrogen use efficiency in different environmental conditions under the influence of climate change, and various aspects of improving phosphorus use efficiency. The book provides guidance for researchers engaged in plant science studies, particularly Plant/Crop Physiology, Agronomy, Plant Breeding and Molecular Breeding. In addition, it provides valuable insights for policymakers, administrators, plant-based companies and agribusiness companies. Explores climatic effects on agriculture through radiation, water, nitrogen, and phosphorus-use efficiency Guides the planning and research of, and recommendations for, fertilizer application for different crops under various climatic conditions Discusses efficiency improvements for plant and molecular breeders seeking to maximize resource use

Climate Change and Crop Production

Climate Change and Crop Production Book
Author : Matthew P. Reynolds
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1845936345
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Trends in population growth suggest that global food production is unlikely to satisfy future demand under predicted climate change scenarios unless rates of crop improvement are accelerated. This book provides an overview of the essential disciplines required for sustainable crop production in unpredictable environments.

Water and Cereals in Drylands

Water and Cereals in Drylands Book
Author : Parviz Koohafkan
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-05-04
ISBN : 1136548874
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This topic is central to contemporary concerns for more sustainable agricultural development. This is a well-written and clear book, with excellent data, tables and illustrations, addressing issues of water use, climate change, poverty and small farmers. The authors are highly respected and complement each other's acknowledged international expertise.' Professor Jules Pretty, University of Essex, UK 'This useful guide shows that there is great potential for increasing the productive capacity of smallholder farms in the drylands via a range of water management techniques, from the simple to the more complex. Providing a theoretical grounding and a practical guide, Water and cereals in the drylands will appeal to workers on-location as well as students, researchers and policymakers.' New Agriculturalist Cereals are by far the most important source of food throughout the world, either directly for human consumption or indirectly in the form of animal feed for livestock products consumed as food. With world population set to rise to nine billion by 2050, there is an urgent need to examine ways to increase cereal production. Indeed recently the future of cereal production and consumption has been complicated by rising energy prices and the economics of biofuels, which are competing for the use of cereals. One way to increase cereal production is by the more effective use of marginal dryland areas. This book reviews the potential for increased cereal production in drylands across the world, from the USA, Australia and Southern Europe to Asia and Africa. It describes how improved water conservation, water harvesting and investment options can contribute to this, and suggests policies for the more efficient use of existing natural resources in order to lessen the dependence of agriculture on further irrigation development.

Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability

Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability Book
Author : Christopher B. Barrett
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2013-09-26
ISBN : 0191668702
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Global food price spikes in 2008 and again in 2011 coincided with a surge of political unrest in low- and middle-income countries. Angry consumers took to the streets in scores of nations. In some places, food riots turned violent, pressuring governments and in a few cases contributed to their overthrow. Foreign investors sparked a new global land rush, adding a different set of pressures. With scientists cautioning that the world has entered a new era of steadily rising food prices, perhaps aggravated by climate change, the specter of widespread food insecurity and sociopolitical instability weighs on policymakers worldwide. In the past few years, governments and philanthropic foundations began redoubling efforts to resuscitate agricultural research and technology transfer, as well as to accelerate the modernization of food value chains to deliver high quality food inexpensively, faster, and in greater volumes to urban consumers. But will these efforts suffice? This volume explores the complex relationship between food security and sociopolitical stability up to roughly 2025. Organized around a series of original essays by leading global technical experts, a key message of this volume is that actions taken in an effort to address food security stressors may have consequences for food security, stability, or both that ultimately matter far more than the direct impacts of biophysical drivers such as climate or land or water scarcity. The means by which governments, firms, and private philanthropies tackle the food security challenge of the coming decade will fundamentally shape the relationship between food security and sociopolitical stability.

Climate Change and Human Health

Climate Change and Human Health Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release : 1996
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Johns Hopkins University and the Program of the Health Effects of the Global Environmental Change presents information about the potential impacts of climate change. The resource discusses climate analysis, remote sensing, spatial analysis, public health effects, risk communication and characterization, and other topics. Publications from the project are available.

Nutrient Use Efficiency from Basics to Advances

Nutrient Use Efficiency  from Basics to Advances Book
Author : Amitava Rakshit,Harikesh Bahadur Singh,Avijit Sen
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-12-26
ISBN : 8132221699
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses in detail multifaceted approaches to boosting nutrient use efficiency (NUE) that are modified by plant interactions with environmental variables and combine physiological, microbial, biotechnological and agronomic aspects. Conveying an in-depth understanding of the topic will spark the development of new cultivars and strains to induce NUE, coupled with best management practices that will immensely benefit agricultural systems, safeguarding their soil, water, and air quality. Written by recognized experts in the field, the book is intended to provide students, scientists and policymakers with essential insights into holistic approaches to NUE, as well as an overview of some successful case studies. In the present understanding of agriculture, NUE represents a question of process optimization in response to the increasing fragility of our natural resources base and threats to food grain security across the globe. Further improving nutrient use efficiency is a prerequisite to reducing production costs, expanding crop acreage into non-competitive marginal lands with low nutrient resources, and preventing environmental contamination. The nutrients most commonly limiting plant growth are N, P, K, S and micronutrients like Fe, Zn, B and Mo. NUE depends on the ability to efficiently take up the nutrient from the soil, but also on transport, storage, mobilization, usage within the plant and the environment. A number of approaches can help us to understand NUE as a whole. One involves adopting best crop management practices that take into account root-induced rhizosphere processes, which play a pivotal role in controlling nutrient dynamics in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum. New technologies, from basic tools like leaf color charts to sophisticated sensor-based systems and laser land leveling, can reduce the dependency on laboratory assistance and manual labor. Another approach concerns the development of crop plants through genetic manipulations that allow them to take up and assimilate nutrients more efficiently, as well as identifying processes of plant responses to nutrient deficiency stress and exploring natural genetic variation. Though only recently introduced, the ability of microbial inoculants to induce NUE is gaining in importance, as the loss, immobilization, release and availability of nutrients are mediated by soil microbial processes.

Agronomic Crops

Agronomic Crops Book
Author : Mirza Hasanuzzaman
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-23
ISBN : 9813297832
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agronomic crops have provided food, beverages, fodder, fuel, medicine and industrial raw materials since the beginning of human civilization. More recently, agronomic crops have been cultivated using scientific rather than traditional methods. However, in the current era of climate change, agronomic crops are suffering from different environmental stresses that result in substantial yield loss. To meet the food demands of the ever-increasing global population, new technologies and management practices are being adopted to boost yields and maintain productivity under both normal and adverse conditions. Further, in the context of sustainable agronomic crop production, scientists are adopting new approaches, such as varietal development, soil management, nutrient and water management, and pest management. Researchers have also made remarkable advances in developing stress tolerance in crops. However, the search for appropriate solutions for optimal production to meet the increasing food demand is still ongoing. Although there are several publications on the recent advances in these areas, there are few comprehensive resources available covering all of the recent topics. This timely book examines all aspects of production technologies, management practices and stress tolerance of agronomic crops.

South Asia 2060

South Asia 2060 Book
Author : Adil Najam,Moeed Yusuf
Publisher : Anthem Press
Release : 2013-12-15
ISBN : 1783080388
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

“South Asia 2060” is a dialogue among 47 experts from a diverse range of expertise and backgrounds, ranging from policymakers to academia to civil society activists and visionaries, on the likely longer-range trajectories of South Asia’s future. The collection explores current regional trends, possible future trajectories, and the key factors that will determine whether these trajectories are positive or negative for the region, as a region. Departing from a purely security-based analysis, the volume considers factors such as development and human well-being to reveal not what will happen but what could happen, as well as the impact present conditions could have on the rest of the world.

World Economic and Social Survey 2009

World Economic and Social Survey 2009 Book
Author : United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs
Publisher : United Nations Publications
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9789211091595
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

According to the Survey, economic insecurity arises from the exposure of individuals, communities and countries to adverse events, and from their inability to cope with and recover from the downside losses. Local concerns have been compounded by new global threats as unregulated markets and climate change. The Survey offers a different approach with a strong social contract and more integrated and pragmatic economic and social policy. It calls for more active policy responses to help communities better manage these new risks, increased investment in preventing threatening events from emerging and more concerted efforts to strengthen the underlying social contracts which are, in the end, the real basis of a more secure, stable and just future.

Management Practices for Improving Sustainable Crop Production in Tropical Acid Soils

Management Practices for Improving Sustainable Crop Production in Tropical Acid Soils Book
Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
Publisher : IAEA
Release : 2006
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The greatest potential for expanding agricultural land in most developing countries lies on the savannahs dominated by tropical acid and infertile soils. This publication contains the studies conducted in a Coordinated Research Project (CRP) involving 10 Member States to develop integrated crop, soil, water and nutrient management practices to increase and sustain agricultural productivity of these soils in Africa and Latin America. The work covered a range of representative environments and cropping systems, such as maize/soybean in Brazil and Benin; maize/sorghum/common bean in Mexico and Cuba; sorghum/cowpea/groundnut in Burkina Faso; maize/trees in Nigeria. Results showed how appropriate crop, soil, water and nutrient management improved soil fertility status, promoted better soil and water conservation and thereby increased crop productivity under local farming conditions. This publication highlights sound strategies and approaches, including the application of nuclear and related techniques needed to foster sustainable agricultural intensification in tropical regions while paving the way to the implementation of new CRPs.

Parliamentary Debates

Parliamentary Debates Book
Author : India. Parliament. Rajya Sabha
Publisher :
Release : 2007-08
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :