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Implantable Neuroprostheses For Restoring Function

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Implantable Neuroprostheses for Restoring Function

Implantable Neuroprostheses for Restoring Function Book
Author : Kevin Kilgore
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-02-24
ISBN : 1782421092
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research and developments in neuroprostheses are providing scientists with the potential to greatly improve the lives of individuals who have lost some function. Neuroprostheses can help restore or substitute motor and sensory functions which may have been damaged as a result of injury or disease. However, these minute implantable sensors also provide scientists with challenges. This important new book provides readers with a comprehensive review of neuroprostheses. Chapters in part one are concerned with the fundamentals of these devices. Part two looks at neuroprostheses for restoring sensory function whilst part three addresses neuroprostheses for restoring motor function. The final set of chapters discusses significant considerations concerning these sensors. Systematic and comprehensive coverage of neuroprostheses Covers the fundamentals of neuroprostheses, their application in restoring sensory and motor function and an analysis of the future trends Keen focus on industry needs in the field of biomaterials

                                   Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1972
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Neuroprosthetic Supersystems Architecture

Neuroprosthetic Supersystems Architecture Book
Author : Matthew E. Gladden
Publisher : Synthypnion Academic
Release : 2017-05-13
ISBN : 194437308X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume serves a resource for the design and analysis of neuroprosthetic supersystems, which can be defined as organizations – either small or large, simple or complex – whose human members have been neuroprosthetically augmented. While numerous other texts focus on the biomedical engineering of neuroprostheses as technological devices or on the biocybernetic engineering of the host-device system comprising a neuroprosthesis and its human host, this volume presents a unique investigation of the intentional creation of higher-order supersystems that allow multiple neuroprosthetically augmented human beings to interact with one another and with external information systems in order to accomplish some shared task. In essence, this can be understood as the work of designing and managing neuroprosthetically enhanced organizations. Individual chapters present an ontology of the neuroprosthesis as a computing device; a biocybernetic ontology of the host-device system; an ontology of the neuroprosthesis as an instrument of ‘cyborgization’; motivating and inhibiting factors for the organizational deployment of posthumanizing neuroprostheses by military organizations and other early adopters; an introduction to enterprise architecture in the context of technological posthumanization; an exploration of the implications of neuroprosthetic augmentation for enterprise architecture; and considerations for the development of effective network topologies for neuroprosthetically augmented organizations. The conceptual frameworks formulated within this book offer a wide range of tools that can be of use to policymakers, ethicists, neuroprosthetic device manufacturers, organizational decision-makers, and others who must analyze or manage the complex legal, ethical, and managerial implications that result from the use of emerging neuroprosthetic technologies within an organizational context.

Neuromodulation

Neuromodulation Book
Author : Elliot Krames,P. Hunter Peckham,Ali R. Rezai
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-01-05
ISBN : 0128093021
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuromodulation: Comprehensive Textbook of Principles, Technologies, and Therapies, Second Edition, serves as a comprehensive and in-depth reference textbook covering all aspects of the rapidly growing field of neuromodulation. Since the publication of the first edition seven years ago, there has been an explosion of knowledge in neuromodulation, optogenetics, bioelectronics medicine and brain computer interfacing. Users will find unique discussions of the fundamental principles of neuromodulation and therapies, and how they are applied to the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, autonomic nerves and various organs. The book focuses on comprehensive coverage of spinal cord stimulation, non-interventional and interventional brain stimulation, peripheral nerve stimulation, and the emerging fields of neuromodulation, including optogenetics and bioelectronics medicine. Provides a comprehensive reference that covers all aspects of the growing field of neuromodulation Written by international, leading authorities in their respective fields of neuromodulation, pain management, functional neurosurgery and biomedical engineering Includes new chapters on optogenetics, bioelectronics medicine and brain computer interfacing

Advanced Technologies for the Rehabilitation of Gait and Balance Disorders

Advanced Technologies for the Rehabilitation of Gait and Balance Disorders Book
Author : Giorgio Sandrini,Volker Homberg,Leopold Saltuari,Nicola Smania,Alessandra Pedrocchi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-01-30
ISBN : 3319727362
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book provides readers with a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in the field of gait and balance rehabilitation. It describes technologies and devices together with the requirements and factors to be considered during their application in clinical settings. The book covers physiological and pathophysiological basis of locomotion and posture control, describes integrated approaches for the treatment of neurological diseases and spinal cord injury, as well as important principles for designing appropriate clinical studies. It presents computer and robotic technologies currently used in rehabilitation, such as exoskeleton devices, functional electrical stimulation, virtual reality and many more, highlighting the main advantages and challenges both from the clinical and engineering perspective. Written in an easy-to-understand style, the book is intended for people with different background and expertise, including medical and engineering students, clinicians and physiotherapists, as well as technical developers of rehabilitation systems and their corresponding human-compute interfaces. It aims at fostering an increased awareness of available technologies for balance and gait rehabilitation, as well as a better communication and collaboration between their users and developers.

Spinal Cord Medicine Second Edition

Spinal Cord Medicine  Second Edition Book
Author : Christopher M. Bono, MD,Diana D. Cardenas, MD, MHA,Frederick S. Frost, MD,Margaret C. Hammond, MD,Laurie B. Lindblom, MD,Inder Parkash, MD, MS, FRCS, FACS,Stevens A. Stiens, MD, MS,Robert M. Woolsey, MD
Publisher : Demos Medical Publishing
Release : 2010-03-19
ISBN : 1935281771
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A Doody's Core Title 2012 The thoroughly revised Second Edition of this authoritative reference continues to define the standard of care for the field of spinal cord medicine. Encompassing all of the diseases and disorders that may a!ect the proper functioning of the spinal cord or spinal nerves, this comprehensive volume provides a state of the art review of the principles of care and best practices for restoring function and quality of life to patients with spinal cord injuries. Expert contributors from multiple disciplines cover topics ranging from acute medical and surgical management of specific problems to cutting-edge research, bladder, bowel and sexual dysfunction, neurologic and musculoskeletal issues, advanced rehabilitation techniques and technologies, functional outcomes, and psychosocial care. While comprehensive in scope, Spinal Cord Medicine offers practical guidance for physicians and other health care professionals involved in the management of individuals with SCI, multiple sclerosis, and other spinal cord disorders. The Second Edition has been completely updated to fully reflect current science and practice. Each section has been re-ordered to better present information and the Second Edition brings in many new authors and topics, more diagrams, illustrations, and tables to solidify concepts, and contains 18 entirely new chapters. Spinal Cord Medicine: Principles and Practice, Second Edition, reflects the breadth and depth of this multi-faceted specialty. Involving over 150 authors from more than 20 fields of medicine, it is a trusted reference for anyone who works with spinal cord patients and strives to deliver superior clinical care and improve outcomes.

Neuroprosthetics and Brain Computer Interfaces in Spinal Cord Injury

Neuroprosthetics and Brain Computer Interfaces in Spinal Cord Injury Book
Author : Gernot Müller-Putz,Rüdiger Rupp
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-04-26
ISBN : 3030685454
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of the art of practical applications of neuroprosthesis based on functional electrical stimulation for restoration of motor functions lost by spinal cord injury and discusses the use of brain-computer interfaces for their control. The book covers numerous topics starting with basics about spinal cord injury, electrical stimulation, electrical brain signals and brain-computer interfaces. It continues with an overview of neuroprosthetic solutions for different purposes and non-invasive and invasive brain-computer interface implementations and presents clinical use cases and practical applications of BCIs. Finally, the authors give an outlook on cutting edge research with a high potential for clinical translation in the near future. All authors committed themselves to use easy-to-understand language and to avoid very specific information, focusing instead on the essential aspects. This makes this book an ideal choice not only for researchers and clinicians at all stages of their education interested in the topic of brain-computer interface-controlled neuroprostheses, but also for end users and their caregivers who want to inform themselves about the current technological possibilities to improve paralyzed motor functions.

ISCoS Textbook on Comprehensive management of Spinal Cord Injuries

ISCoS Textbook on Comprehensive management of Spinal Cord Injuries Book
Author : Harvinder Singh Chhabra
Publisher : Wolters kluwer india Pvt Ltd
Release : 2015-01-01
ISBN : 9351294404
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

SCI needs management by a team comprising of doctors, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, nurses, vocational counsellor, psychologist, assistive technologist, orthotist and social worker. Since the available textbooks did not address the requirements of all disciplines, the need for the proposed textbook was reinforced.

Cyborgization and Virtual Worlds

Cyborgization and Virtual Worlds Book
Author : Matthew E. Gladden
Publisher : Mnemoclave
Release : 2017-09-05
ISBN : 1944373195
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Whether it’s adding a night-vision cybereye or acquiring a full cyborg body, the process of cyborgization reshapes the way in which an individual relates to the physical environment around her. But how does it transform her ability to dive – or to be pulled – into virtual worlds? Cyborgization and Virtual Worlds: Portals to Altered Reality is a resource for designing campaigns grounded in near-future hard-SF settings in which synthetic bodies and VR cyberware offer characters entirely new ways of perceiving, interpreting, and manipulating the analog and digital worlds… It’s easy to know when you enter a virtual environment if the tools you’re using are a VR headset and haptic feedback gloves. If the virtual experience is too much for you, you can always just rip off the headset: the digital illusions instantly vanish, and you know that you’re back in the ‘real’ world. But what if the VR gear that you’re employing consists of cranial neural implants that directly stimulate your brain to create artificial sensory experiences? Or what if you’re wielding dual-purpose artificial eyes and roboprosthetic limbs that can either supply you with authentic sense data from the external environment or switch into iso mode, cut off all sensations from the real world, and pipe fabricated sense data into your brain? What signs could you look for to help you determine whether you’re in the real world or just a convincing virtual facsimile? This second volume in Mnemoclave’s Posthuman Cyberware Sourcebook series explores the two ways in which neuroprosthetic technologies immerse a cyborg in her environment and allow her to sense and manipulate the world: through embodiment and embedding. The process of cyborgization not only grants its human subject an augmented body with enhanced, reduced, or simply different capacities; it also embeds him in a particular part of the real physical world and provides the means by which he senses and manipulates that environment. And it may be the instrument through which he dives into virtual worlds, as well. Among the topics explored are: The paths of cyborgization • Different approaches to cyborgization, including the creation of full-body, partial, extended, sessile, and ‘hollow’ cyborgs • Differing types of neurocognitive interfaces that can exist between a piece of cyberware and its human host • The extent to which cyberware can be concealed from visual or remote electronic detection • The operational lifespan of cyberware and its potential health impacts on users Obstacles to characters’ acquisition of cyberware, including cost, legality, and required maintenance and customization • Problems like neurocoupling resection syndrome (NRS) that affect full-body cyborgs and other augmented individuals Cyberware and virtual worlds • Distinctions between virtual, augmented, and refracted reality • The mechanics by which cyborg characters can recognize and adjust to transitions between the real and virtual worlds • The use of digital avatars as cyberdoubles or cybermorphs within virtual worlds • Plot impacts of cyborg characters’ maximal, partial, temporary, or long-term immersion in VR environments The book is written especially for GMs who are designing adventures or campaigns set in near-future worlds with a cyberpunk, postcyberpunk, or biopunk atmosphere in which posthumanizing cyberware exists and societies are tilting ever further toward the dystopian. The text draws extensively on the best contemporary research regarding neurocybernetics and the bioengineering, economic, sociopolitical, and cultural aspects of human enhancement, to aid GMs who are looking to give their campaigns a hard sci-fi edge. The volume includes dozens of special textboxes with plot hooks, character traits, equipment descriptions, and ideas for successfully GM-ing the ontological puzzles and narrative twists that cyborgization and virtual reality make possible – to help you incorporate the material directly into your game, regardless of which rule system you’re using.

Recent Advances in Intelligent Assistive Technologies Paradigms and Applications

Recent Advances in Intelligent Assistive Technologies  Paradigms and Applications Book
Author : Hariton Costin,Björn Schuller,Adina Magda Florea
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-07
ISBN : 3030308170
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book illustrates the rapid pace of development in intelligent assistive technology in recent years, and highlights some salient examples of using modern IT&C technologies to provide devices, systems and application software for persons with certain motor or cognitive disabilities. The book proposes both theoretical and practical approaches to intelligent assistive and emergent technologies used in healthcare for the elderly and patients with chronic diseases. Intelligent assistive technology (IAT) is currently being introduced and developed worldwide as an important tool for maintaining independence and high quality of life among community-living people with certain disabilities, and as a key enabler for the aging population. The book offers a valuable resource for students at technical, medical and general universities, but also for specialists working in various fields in which emergent technologies are being used to help people enjoy optimal quality of life.

Operative Neuromodulation

Operative Neuromodulation Book
Author : Damianos E. Sakas,Brian Simpson,Elliot S. Krames
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-05-27
ISBN : 3211330798
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first part in a two-volume work on neuromodulation. It describes techniques and procedures applied in internal contact with non-neural tissues surrounding the nervous system (dura or cerebrospinal fluid), as in the case of epidural stimulation for pain or intrathecal drug application for the treatment of spasticity and pain. In addition, coverage also includes a special section on non-invasive functional neuroprosthetic systems.

Materials for the Direct Restoration of Teeth

Materials for the Direct Restoration of Teeth Book
Author : John Nicholson,Beata Czarnecka
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-09-01
ISBN : 008100494X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials for the Direct Restoration of Teeth focuses on the important role teeth play in our lives and how biomaterials scientists are ensuring that new dental materials are functional and esthetic. As research in the field is shifting away from traditional materials like metal, and towards more advanced materials, such as resins and ceramics, this book on the subject of modern materials for the direct repair of teeth provides readers with a comprehensive reference. The most pertinent modern dental materials and their properties and applications for the direct restoration of teeth are presented, along with case examples and guidance notes making this book an essential companion for materials scientists and clinicians. Provides comprehensive coverage of conventional and modern materials for direct restoration of teeth Includes guidance notes and case examples to support dental clinicians in decision-making Authored by a scientist and a clinician, the book provides a balanced and complete treatise of the subject

Functional Marine Biomaterials

Functional Marine Biomaterials Book
Author : Se-Kwon Kim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-06-29
ISBN : 1782420940
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Functional Marine Biomaterials: Properties and Applications provides readers with the latest information on the diverse marine environment as a resource for many new substances, including biopolymers, bioceramics, and biominerals. As recent advances and funding has enabled scientists to begin harnessing many of these materials for biomedical applications from drug delivery to bone tissue engineering and biosensors, this important new text provides readers with a comprehensive review of these materials and their functional applications in the biomedical field. Chapters discuss the properties of the main classes of functional marine biomaterials, applications of marine products in tissue engineering, applications in drug delivery systems, and the role of marine derived materials in medical devices. Provides readers with the latest information on the diverse marine environment as a resource for many new substances, including biopolymers, bioceramics, and biominerals Presents a comprehensive review of these materials and their functional applications in the biomedical field Discusses the properties of the main classes of functional marine biomaterials, applications of marine products in tissue engineering, applications in drug delivery systems, and the role of marine derived materials in medical devices

Emerging Theory and Practice in Neuroprosthetics

Emerging Theory and Practice in Neuroprosthetics Book
Author : Naik, Ganesh R.
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2014-05-31
ISBN : 1466660953
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuroprosthetics is a fast-growing area that brings together the fields of biomedical engineering and neuroscience as a means to interface the neural system directly to prostheses. Advancing research and applications in this field can assist in successfully restoring motor, sensory, and cognitive functions. Emerging Theory and Practice in Neuroprosthetics brings together the most up-to-date research surrounding neuroprosthetics advances and applications. Presenting several new results, concepts, and further developments in the area of neuroprosthetics, this book is an essential publication for researchers, upper-level students, engineers, and medical practitioners.

Brain Computer Interface Research

Brain   Computer Interface Research Book
Author : Christoph Guger
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-22
ISBN : 3030495833
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Brain Computer Interface Research book written by Christoph Guger, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Technological Advances in Rehabilitation An Issue of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America Ebook

Technological Advances in Rehabilitation  An Issue of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America  Ebook Book
Author : Joel Stein
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2019-04-15
ISBN : 0323677819
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Guest edited by Drs. Joel Stein and Leroy R. Lindsay, this issue of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics will cover several key areas of interest related to Technological Advances in Rehabilitation. This issue is one of four selected each year by our series Consulting Editor, Dr. Santos Martinez of the Campbell Clinic. Articles in this issue include, but are not limited to: Functional Electrical Stimulation; Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation; Spinal Cord Stimulation for Motor Rehabilitation; Robotics for Limb Rehabilitation; Virtual Reality and Gaming; New Technologies in Prosthetics and Amputee Rehabilitation; Regenerative Medicine; Smart Homes and other Technology for Adaptive Living; Big Data and Rehabilitation; and Telemedicine in Rehabilitation.

Brain Computer Interfaces in their ethical social and cultural contexts

Brain Computer Interfaces in their ethical  social and cultural contexts Book
Author : Gerd Grübler,Elisabeth Hildt
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-06-30
ISBN : 9401789967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume summarizes the ethical, social and cultural contexts of interfacing brains and computers. It is intended for the interdisciplinary community of BCI stakeholders. Insofar, engineers, neuroscientists, psychologists, physicians, care-givers and also users and their relatives are concerned. For about the last twenty years brain-computer-interfaces (BCIs) have been investigated with increasing intensity and have in principle shown their potential to be useful tools in diagnostics, rehabilitation and assistive technology. The central promise of BCI technology is enabling severely impaired people in mobility, grasping, communication, and entertainment. Successful applications are for instance communication devices enabling locked-in patients in staying in contact with their environment, or prostheses enabling paralysed people in reaching and grasping. In addition to this, it serves as an introduction to the whole field of BCI for any interested reader.

Volitional Myoelectric Signals from the Lower Extremity in Human Cervical Spinal Cord Injury

Volitional Myoelectric Signals from the Lower Extremity in Human Cervical Spinal Cord Injury Book
Author : Elizabeth Ann Heald
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The objective of this project was to explore the use of myoelectric signals generated from muscles below the SCI level as command sources for a neuroprosthetic system. Using functional electrical stimulation, motor neuroprostheses can restore function after paralysis caused by spinal cord injury (SCI). Command signals derived from the user's volitional intent are required to control these devices. In current systems, command is provided by myoelectric activity from muscles above the injury level. For improved functional capabilities, advanced neuroprosthetic technology demands more command signals than are conventionally available. Previous studies suggest that axonal sparing is common even in injuries diagnosed as motor complete, in which no visible signs of muscle activity below the injury are observed. As a result of this sparing, it is possible, even in the absence of visible movement, for movement attempts to produce myoelectric activity detectable via electromyographic (EMG) sensors. This myoelectric activity could provide an innovative source for neuroprosthetic control.To characterize the prevalence of this activity, surface EMG recordings from lower-extremity muscles were performed during volitional movement attempts in individuals with motor-complete SCI. Significant below-injury muscle activity was identified in the majority of participants, with a smaller proportion producing high-quality signals which we theorized capable of providing neuroprosthetic control. To support this theory, as a proof-of-concept we demonstrated the successful control of an implanted hand grasp neuroprosthesis via EMG signals from the participant's toe flexor. This feasibility test, which included functional grasp measures, demonstrates the potential for below-injury signals to provide a novel form of neuroprosthesis control. Lastly, we implemented a biofeedback training protocol with the goal of improving signal quality from muscles which contained significant, but not command-quality, volitional activity. We found that these signals did not improve in response to biofeedback training, in contrast to a command-quality signal which did improve under a similar protocol, suggesting that more complex training approaches be studied in future work.

Oxford Textbook of Neurorehabilitation

Oxford Textbook of Neurorehabilitation Book
Author : Volker Dietz,Nick S. Ward
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2020-05-27
ISBN : 0198824955
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Updated to reflect recent developments in the field, Oxford Textbook of Neurorehabilitation provides an understanding of the theoretical underpinnings of the subject along with a clear perspective on making treatment decisions on an individual basis. This is an indispensable book for those working with patients requiring neurorehabilitation.