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Impacts And Insights Of The Gorkha Earthquake

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Impacts and Insights of the Gorkha Earthquake

Impacts and Insights of the Gorkha Earthquake Book
Author : Dipendra Gautam,Hugo Filipe Pinheiro Rodrigues
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-09-12
ISBN : 0128128097
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Impacts and Insights of Gorkha Earthquake in Nepal offers a practical perspective on disaster risk management using lessons learned and considerations from the 2015 Gorkha earthquake in Nepal, which was the worst disaster to hit Nepal since the 1934 Nepal–Bihar earthquake. Using a holistic approach to examine seismicity, risk perception and intervention, the book serves as a detailed case study to improve disaster resilience globally, including social, technical, governmental and institutional risk perception, as well as scientific understanding of earthquake disasters. Covering the details of the Gorkha earthquake, including damage mapping and recovery tactics, the book offers valuable insights into ways forward for seismologists, earthquake researchers and engineers and policy-makers. Includes the latest status of seismic risk, risk perception, to-date interventions and historical scenarios in Nepal Examines details of Gorkha earthquake, including geo-seismicity, damage statistics, casualties, effect on cultural heritage, gender-risk mechanics, case studies of social institutions, urban-risk mechanics, rural-risk mechanics, resilience dimensions, social institutions in risk management, stories of resilience and failures and a critical review of efficacy of interventions in risk mitigation Offers future insights and ways forward in terms of risk reduction studies, socio-cultural dimensions of risk management, scientific intervention and policy making, implementation of existing frameworks and endorsement of resilient practices for Nepal Includes damage mapping in all affected areas

Impacts and Insights of Gorkha Earthquake

Impacts and Insights of Gorkha Earthquake Book
Author : Dipendra Gautam,Hugo Filipe Pinheiro Rodrigues
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-09-27
ISBN : 9780128128084
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Impacts and Insights of Gorkha Earthquake in Nepal offers a practical perspective on disaster risk management using lessons learned and considerations from the 2015 Gorkha earthquake in Nepal, which was the worst disaster to hit Nepal since the 1934 Nepal-Bihar earthquake. Using a holistic approach to examine seismicity, risk perception and intervention, the book serves as a detailed case study to improve disaster resilience globally, including social, technical, governmental and institutional risk perception, as well as scientific understanding of earthquake disasters. Covering the details of the Gorkha earthquake, including damage mapping and recovery tactics, the book offers valuable insights into ways forward for seismologists, earthquake researchers and engineers and policy-makers. Includes the latest status of seismic risk, risk perception, to-date interventions and historical scenarios in Nepal Examines details of Gorkha earthquake, including geo-seismicity, damage statistics, casualties, effect on cultural heritage, gender-risk mechanics, case studies of social institutions, urban-risk mechanics, rural-risk mechanics, resilience dimensions, social institutions in risk management, stories of resilience and failures and a critical review of efficacy of interventions in risk mitigation Offers future insights and ways forward in terms of risk reduction studies, socio-cultural dimensions of risk management, scientific intervention and policy making, implementation of existing frameworks and endorsement of resilient practices for Nepal Includes damage mapping in all affected areas

Coseismic Landslides

Coseismic Landslides Book
Author : Ikuo Towhata,Gonghui Wang,Qiang Xu,Chris Massey
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-11-04
ISBN : 9811965978
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the result of an elaborate project initiated by the Joint Technical Committee (JTC-1) of 1) the International Society for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, 2) the International Association for Engineering Geology and the Environment, 3) the International Society for Rock Mechanics, and 4) the International Geotextile Society, with the focus on natural slopes and landslides. The framework of the book sets out the steps, based on recent disaster experiences in the twenty-first century, leading to the assessment of earthquake-induced landslide hazards. It contains: 1) important cases of landslides triggered by earthquakes around the world; 2) investigation into the characteristics of ground motion site response; 3) methods to determine landslide susceptibility and triggering thresholds and their comparative study; and 4) commentary on the production of earthquake-induced landslide hazard maps. All the contents are the result of the latest research on related areas. The book is a valuable resource for researchers, designers, consultants, academicians, government officials, and all others who are involved in the mitigation of coseismic landslides. The book contributes toward the development of a new chapter in disaster prevention and mitigation of landslides induced by earthquakes.

Seismic Performance of Asymmetric Building Structures

Seismic Performance of Asymmetric Building Structures Book
Author : Chunwei Zhang,Zeshan Alam,Li Sun,Bijan Samali
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-05-07
ISBN : 1000043096
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Seismic Performance of Asymmetric Building Structures presents detailed investigations on the effective assessment of structural seismic response under excessive torsional vibrations, demonstrating behavioural aspects from local response perspective to global seismic demands. The work provides comprehensive analytical, computational, experimental investigations, and proposes improved design guidelines that structural engineers can utilize to enhance the seismic design of asymmetric building structures. Combining extensive experimental and numerical data stock for seismic performance assessment with a particular focus on asymmetric building structures, the book includes: • An overview of asymmetric building structures from seismic damage perspective • Local and global performance assessment of asymmetric structures under extreme seismic actions • Post-earthquake damage evaluation from varying frequency trends • Extended numerical applications for experimental response validations • Evaluation of critical regions of asymmetric structure with stress concentration • Statistical distribution of seismic response under varying design parameters • Design guidelines for asymmetric building structures This work's comprehensive evaluations are carried out with modern sensing techniques planned with meticulous attention to cover objectives with a particular focus on asymmetry in reinforced concrete and steel structures. It assesses various aspects of asymmetric building structures that are rarely dealt with in the current literature. It gathers fruitful information from various building design codes and explains their limitations in addressing damage-related challenges, which is not only useful for practicing engineers but also for academics. The book will be invaluable for experts, researchers, students and practitioners from relevant areas, as well as for emergency preparedness managers.

Case Studies on Conservation and Seismic Strengthening Retrofitting of Existing Structures

Case Studies on Conservation and Seismic Strengthening Retrofitting of Existing Structures Book
Author : Andreas Lampropoulos
Publisher : International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering (IABSE)
Release : 2020-07-01
ISBN : 3857481730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent earthquakes have demonstrated that despite the continuous developments of novel materials and new strengthening techniques, the majority of the existing structures are still unprotected and at high seismic risk. The repair and strengthening framework is a complex process and there are often barriers in the preventative upgrade of the existing structures related to the cost of the applications and the limited expertise of the engineers. The engineers need to consider various options thoroughly and the selection of the appropriate strategy is a crucial parameter for the success of these applications. The main aim of this collection is to present a number of different approaches applied to a wide range of structures with different characteristics and demands acting as a practical guide for the main repair and strengthening approaches used worldwide. This document contains a collection of nine case studies from six different countries with different seismicity (i.e. Austria, Greece, Italy, Mexico, Nepal and New Zealand). Various types of structures have been selected with different structural peculiarities such as buildings used for different purposes (i.e. school buildings, town hall, 30 storey office tower), a bridge, and a wharf. Most of the examined structures are Reinforced Concrete structures while there is also an application on a Masonry building. For each of the examined studies, the local conditions are described followed by the main deficiencies which are addressed. The methods used for the assessment of the in-situ conditions also presented and alternative strategies for the repair and strengthening are considered.

Disaster Resilience in South Asia

Disaster Resilience in South Asia Book
Author : Iftekhar Ahmed,Kim Maund,Thayaparan Gajendran
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-04-29
ISBN : 0429766556
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book considers the challenges of building disaster resilience in South Asia – a region that frequently experiences some of the most severe and devastating impacts of disasters. Despite significant work to assist affected communities, many smaller South Asian countries remain particularly vulnerable in terms of fostering disaster resilience. Drawing on examples from Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal and Sri Lanka, the book offers rich insights and narratives on disaster resilience policy and practice. It considers the possibilities for advancing community resilience and capacity building through an exploration of different aspects of governance and policy. Given the diversity of these countries and recent disasters, a variety of perspectives are considered: institutional and policy frameworks, risk management governance, recovery operations, building codes, and policy and media discourse. The book offers a collective understanding of practice, which can offer global lessons to a world increasingly beset by disasters and with uncertain environmental futures. This book will be a valuable resource for scholars, practitioners and students in the fields of disaster risk reduction and management, climate change adaptation, public policy and sustainable development.

Earthquakes

Earthquakes Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-09-11
ISBN : 1789846668
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a collection of scientific papers on earthquake preparedness, vulnerability, resilience, and risk assessment. Using case studies from various countries, chapters cover topics ranging from early warning systems and risk perception to long-term effects of earthquakes on vulnerable communities and the science of seismology, among others. This volume is a valuable resource for researchers, students, non-governmental organizations, and key decision-makers involved in earthquake disaster management systems at national, regional, and local levels.

Epicentre to Aftermath

Epicentre to Aftermath Book
Author : Michael Hutt,Mark Liechty,Stefanie Lotter
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2021-09-30
ISBN : 1108834051
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Analyses the impact of the 2015 Nepal earthquakes and the need to understand disasters in their cultural and political context.

Masonry Construction in Active Seismic Regions

Masonry Construction in Active Seismic Regions Book
Author : Rajesh Rupakhety,Dipendra Gautam
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-05-12
ISBN : 0128231963
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During earthquakes, masonry buildings are the most affected, and consequently, damage to these buildings leads to massive loss of life and property. Masonry buildings comprise probably the greatest share of overall housing stock, and in turn, understanding their performance during earthquakes is a pivotal problem in seismic regions. Masonry Construction in Active Seismic Regions presents details on the kinds of masonry building found in seismic regions of the world. The title describes interventions, such as retrofitted solutions, dynamic identification, and improved construction after earthquakes, that are equally applicable to regions of moderate and high seismicity. The book covers representative masonry buildings from active seismic regions, the material properties of masonry construction, numerical modelling techniques and computational advances, seismic performance of non-engineered masonry buildings, resilience in typical construction, retrofitting, and the cultural values and structural characterization of heritage masonry buildings in active seismic regions. This book is unique in its global and systematic coverage of masonry construction in seismic regions. Identifies the material properties of masonry construction from a seismic perspective Covers representative masonry buildings from active seismic regions, providing a benchmark to understand existing building stocks Provides numerical modelling techniques and reviews computational advances, including a large test database Details the seismic performance of non-engineered masonry buildings, as well as the cultural values and structural characterisation of heritage masonry constructions Analyses typical or vernacular constructions which have earthquake resilient features, such as Dhajji-Dewari, Borbone, Pombalino, and Himis

Recent Advances in Earthquake Engineering

Recent Advances in Earthquake Engineering Book
Author : Sreevalsa Kolathayar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-11-27
ISBN : 9811646171
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the select proceedings of the Virtual Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (VCDRR 2021). It emphasizes on the role of civil engineering for a disaster-resilient society. It presents latest research in geohazards and their mitigation. Various topics covered in this book are earthquake hazard, seismic response of structures and earthquake risk. This book is a comprehensive volume on disaster risk reduction (DRR) and its management for a sustainable built environment. This book will be useful for the students, researchers, policy makers and professionals working in the area of civil engineering and earthquake engineering.

Sustainable Cities and Resilience

Sustainable Cities and Resilience Book
Author : Indrajit Pal,Sreevalsa Kolathayar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-25
ISBN : 981165543X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the select proceedings of the Virtual Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (VCDRR 2021). It provides insights on urban resilience and sustainable infrastructure. All the chapters in this volume are segregated into five clusters, e.g., Resilient infrastructure in construction, Innovative construction interventions, Waste Management and Disaster Risk Reduction, Urban Development and Sustainability, and Cross-cutting issues. Various topics covered in this book are risk assessment, prevention, mitigation, preparedness and response, renewable energy, waste management, resilient cities, and environmental management. This book is a comprehensive volume on disaster risk reduction (DRR) and its management for a sustainable built environment. This book will be useful for the students, researchers, policy makers and professionals working in the area of civil engineering, especially disaster management.

Invisible Cities and the Urban Imagination

 Invisible Cities  and the Urban Imagination Book
Author : Benjamin Linder
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-11-08
ISBN : 3031130480
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In 1972, Italo Calvino published Invisible Cities, a literary book that masterfully combines philosophy and poetry, rigid structure and free play, theoretical insight and glittering prose. The text is an extended meditation on urban life, and it continues to resonate not only among literary scholars, but among social scientists, architects, and urban planners as well. To commemorate the 50th anniversary of Invisible Cities, this collection of essays serves as both an appreciation and a critical engagement. Drawing from a wide array of disciplinary perspectives and geographical contexts, this volume grapples with the theoretical, pedagogical, and political legacies of Calvino’s work. Each chapter approaches Invisible Cities not only as a novel but as a work of evocative ethnography, place-writing, and urban theory. Fifty years on, what can Calvino’s dreamlike text offer to scholars and practitioners interested in actually existing urban life?

Advanced Sensing Materials and Intelligent Algorithms for Multi Domain Structural Health Monitoring

Advanced Sensing  Materials and Intelligent Algorithms for Multi Domain Structural Health Monitoring Book
Author : Liang Ren,Gangbing Song,Qingzhao Kong,Chun-Xu Qu,Yang Zhang,Yunlai Zhou
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-01-07
ISBN : 288971991X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advanced Sensing Materials and Intelligent Algorithms for Multi Domain Structural Health Monitoring book written by Liang Ren,Gangbing Song,Qingzhao Kong,Chun-Xu Qu,Yang Zhang,Yunlai Zhou, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Improving Water Governance in Kathmandu Insights from Systems Thinking and Behavioural Science

Improving Water Governance in Kathmandu  Insights from Systems Thinking and Behavioural Science Book
Author : Dale Whittington ,Xun Wu
Publisher : IWA Publishing
Release : 2020-04-15
ISBN : 1789061458
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The global water and sanitation community is currently wrestling with the policy implications of two important realizations. The first is that it is quite possible for cities to actually run out of water–for the piped network to run dry. The second is that in many locations, basic water and sanitation interventions do not result in the large public health improvements that many water and sanitation professionals had hoped. As water and sanitation professionals work out the implications of these two realizations on policy and planning for water and sanitation improvements in the Global South, they will require an in-depth knowledge of local housing, water, and sanitation conditions, as well as a nuanced understanding of how households prioritize improvements in housing, water, and sanitation. The chapters in this book about Kathmandu illustrate the types of analyses of local conditions that are needed. Kathmandu holds many lessons for the global community about households’ responses to water scarcity and the management of water and sanitation services in periods of rapid urbanization and climate change. In Focus – a book series that showcases the latest accomplishments in water research. Each book focuses on a specialist area with papers from top experts in the field. It aims to be a vehicle for in-depth understanding and inspire further conversations in the secto

Living Under the Threat of Earthquakes

Living Under the Threat of Earthquakes Book
Author : Jörn H. Kruhl,Rameshwar Adhikari,Uwe E. Dorka
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-07
ISBN : 3319680447
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses earthquakes, with a special focus on the Ghorka earthquake, which struck parts of central Nepal in April 2015. Drawing on this disastrous event, it closely examines various aspects of earthquakes in contributions prepared by international experts. The topics covered include: the geological and geophysical background of seismicity; a detailed inventory of the damage done by the earthquake; effective damage prevention through earthquake-safe buildings and settlements; restoration options for world-heritage buildings; strategies for providing technical and medical relief and, lastly, questions associated with public life and economy in a high-risk seismic zone. Combining perspectives from various fields, the book presents the state of the art in all earthquake-related fields and outlines future approaches to risk identification, damage prevention, and disaster management in all parts of society, administration, and politics in Nepal. Beyond the specific disaster in Nepal, the findings presented here will have broader implications for how societies can best deal with disasters.

Mega Quakes Cascading Earthquake Hazards and Compounding Risks

Mega Quakes  Cascading Earthquake Hazards and Compounding Risks Book
Author : Katsuichiro Goda,Tiziana Rossetto,Nobuhito Mori,Solomon Tesfamariam
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-03-15
ISBN : 2889454541
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Large-scale earthquake hazards pose major threats to modern society, generating casualties, disrupting socioeconomic activities, and causing enormous economic loss across the world. Events, such as the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and the 2011 Tohoku earthquake, highlighted the vulnerability of urban cities to catastrophic earthquakes. Accurate assessment of earthquake-related hazards (both primary and secondary) is essential to mitigate and control disaster risk exposure effectively. To date, various approaches and tools have been developed in different disciplines. However, they are fragmented over a number of research disciplines and underlying assumptions are often inconsistent. Our society and infrastructure are subjected to multiple types of cascading earthquake hazards; therefore, integrated hazard assessment and risk management strategy is needed for mitigating potential consequences due to multi-hazards. Moreover, uncertainty modeling and its impact on hazard prediction and anticipated consequences are essential parts of probabilistic earthquake hazard and risk assessment. The Research Topic is focused upon modeling and impact assessment of cascading earthquake hazards, including mainshock ground shaking, aftershock, tsunami, liquefaction, and landslide.

Evolving Narratives of Hazard and Risk

Evolving Narratives of Hazard and Risk Book
Author : Louise Bracken,Hanna A. Ruszczyk,Tom Robinson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-02-21
ISBN : 3319652117
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a range of academic research and personal reflections on the Gorkha earthquake that struck Nepal in 2015. For the first time, perspectives from geography, disaster risk reduction, cultural heritage protection, archaeology, anthropology, social work, health and emergency response are discussed in a single volume. Contributions are included from practitioners and researchers from Nepal and Durham University in the UK, many of whom were in Nepal at the time of the earthquake. Evolving Narratives of Hazard and Risk explores the event of the earthquake, its consequences and its impacts, to provide a holistic and multi-perspective understanding of this special hazard and its significant ramifications for social, political, economic and cultural aspects of life in Nepal. The book highlights how these multiple perspectives are needed to inform each other in order to develop and shape new ways of thinking and interacting with environmental hazards. This collection of works will be of interest to students and academics of Environment Studies, Human Geography and Environmental Policy, and will be of particular relevance to those involved in risk research and managing risk and hazard events.

Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering for Protection and Development of Environment and Constructions

Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering for Protection and Development of Environment and Constructions Book
Author : Francesco Silvestri,Nicola Moraci
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-07-19
ISBN : 0429632010
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering for Protection and Development of Environment and Constructions contains invited, keynote and theme lectures and regular papers presented at the 7th International Conference on Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering (Rome, Italy, 17-20 June 2019. The contributions deal with recent developments and advancements as well as case histories, field monitoring, experimental characterization, physical and analytical modelling, and applications related to the variety of environmental phenomena induced by earthquakes in soils and their effects on engineered systems interacting with them. The book is divided in the sections below: Invited papers Keynote papers Theme lectures Special Session on Large Scale Testing Special Session on Liquefact Projects Special Session on Lessons learned from recent earthquakes Special Session on the Central Italy earthquake Regular papers Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering for Protection and Development of Environment and Constructions provides a significant up-to-date collection of recent experiences and developments, and aims at engineers, geologists and seismologists, consultants, public and private contractors, local national and international authorities, and to all those involved in research and practice related to Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering.

Characterization of Modern and Historical Seismic Tsunamic Events and Their Global Societal Impacts

Characterization of Modern and Historical Seismic   Tsunamic Events  and Their Global   Societal Impacts Book
Author : Y. Dilek,Y. Ogawa,Y. Okubo
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2021-06-22
ISBN : 1786204789
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Earthquakes and tsunamis are devastating geohazards with significant societal impacts. Most recent occurrences have shown that their impact on the stability of nations–societies and the world geopolitics is immense, potentially triggering a tipping point for a major downturn in the global economy. This Special Publication presents the most current information on the causes and effects of some of the modern and historical earthquake–tsunami events, and effective practices of risk assessment–disaster management, implemented by various governments, international organizations and intergovernmental agencies. Findings reported here show that the magnitude of human casualties and property loss resulting from earthquakes–tsunamis are highly variable around the globe, and that increased community, national and global resilience is significant to empower societal preparedness for such geohazards. It is clear that all stakeholders, including scientists, policymakers, governments, media and world organizations must work together to disseminate accurate, objective and timely information on geohazards, and to develop effective legislation for risk reduction and realistic hazard mitigation–management measures in our globally connected world of today.

The Power of Citizen Seismology Science and Social Impacts

The Power of Citizen Seismology  Science and Social Impacts Book
Author : Remy Bossu,Kate Huihsuan Chen,Wen-Tzong Liang
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-01-04
ISBN : 2889663302
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Power of Citizen Seismology Science and Social Impacts book written by Remy Bossu,Kate Huihsuan Chen,Wen-Tzong Liang, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.