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Immunotherapeutic Strategies For The Treatment Of Glioma

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Immunotherapeutic Strategies for the Treatment of Glioma

Immunotherapeutic Strategies for the Treatment of Glioma Book
Author : Michael Lim,Christopher Jackson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-07-01
ISBN : 0128197560
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Immunotherapeutic Strategies for the Treatment of Glioma provides a review of the current state of immunotherapy for primary brain tumors. The topic is of interest to patients, clinicians, and researchers alike, particularly given the recent failure of large clinical trials. This book serves as an overview of the most promising approaches in the field and provides a foundation for considering novel and combination therapies moving forward. The book discusses several types of immunotherapies for glioma, such as peptide, dendritic cell and heat shock protein vaccines; immune checkpoint blockade; myeloid cells as target; oncolytic viruses; and CAR T cell therapy. Additionally, it discusses the mechanisms of immune suppression in patients and immunogenomics. This volume is a valuable source for cancer researchers, oncologists and several members of biomedical field who are interested in novel strategies to fight glioblastoma. Summarizes the work in immunotherapy for glioma to-date, including the available evidence from preclinical studies and clinical trials Reviews the challenges and successes of the most promising strategies for brain tumor immunotherapy Provides a foundation for considering novel and combination therapies moving forward

Impact of Immunotherapy in the Treatment of Glioblastoma

Impact of Immunotherapy in the Treatment of Glioblastoma Book
Author : Jessica Silva
Publisher :
Release : 2018
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and aggressive primary malignant brain tumor. Despite the efforts developed in the respective treatment, consisting of maximal surgical resection followed by adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy, the prognosis remains very poor. This may be partly related to the resistance of GBM cells and their infiltrative and invasive nature into the surrounding brain tissue. Therefore, newer and challenging alternative approaches for the treatment have emerged, including immunotherapy. This anticancer therapy, based on the stimulation of the host's immune system, has been currently investigated and several advances in the clinical trial stage have already been reached. Immunotherapeutic strategies comprise a set of modalities, including vaccines (cell-free and cell-based), chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy, immune checkpoint inhibitors, monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), and oncolytic viruses (OVs). In this chapter, we will review the principal concepts and the recent progress in immunotherapy for GBM.

Brain Tumors

Brain Tumors Book
Author : Ana Lucia Abujamra
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2011-08-23
ISBN : 9533075880
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brain Tumors: Current and Emerging Therapeutic Strategies focuses on tumor models, the molecular mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of this disease, and on the new diagnostic and treatment strategies utilized to stage and treat this malignancy. A special section on immunotherapy and gene therapy provides the most up-to-date information on the pre-clinical and clinical advances of this therapeutic venue. Each chapter in Brain Tumors: Current and Emerging Therapeutic Strategies is authored by international experts with extensive experience in the areas covered.

Modern Management of High Grade Glioma Part II An Issue of Neurosurgery Clinics E Book

Modern Management of High Grade Glioma  Part II  An Issue of Neurosurgery Clinics   E Book Book
Author : Isaac Yang,Seunggu J. Han
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2012-07-15
ISBN : 1455747688
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Standard therapy for high grade glioma is a topic that is evolving, timely, and relevant. Guest Editors Isaac Yang, MD and Seunggu Han, MD have assembled a group of experts on management of high grade glioma. Some of the articles in this issue include: Use of language mapping to aid resection of eloquent gliomas; Clinical trials with immunotherapy; Clinical trials for small molecule inhibitors; Nanotechnology potential applications for GBM therapy; High Grade Gliomas in children; Modern Advances in Brain Tumor Treatments; Molecular pathways of Avastin interactions for the treatment of glioblastoma; and Quality of Life and Outcomes in Glioblastoma management.

Intracranial Gliomas Part III Innovative Treatment Modalities

Intracranial Gliomas Part III   Innovative Treatment Modalities Book
Author : M.F. Chernov,Y. Muragaki,S. Kesari,I.E. McCutcheon
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release : 2018-07-10
ISBN : 3318060631
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

At present most intracranial gliomas are considered incurable with current treatment strategies, and the search for new modalities that may effectively control tumor growth continues. The chapters in this volume describe basic principles and therapeutic possibilities of several innovative techniques, including photodynamic therapy, laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy, stereotactic cryodestruction, high-intensity focused ultrasound ablation, boron neutron capture therapy, proton and carbon ion irradiation, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, gene therapy, local chemotherapy, and alternating electric fields therapy. Potential applications of extracellular vesicles and nanotechnology for management of gliomas are highlighted as well. Many of these methods have already demonstrated antitumor efficacy in clinical testing, whereas others are still under development. The materials presented in this book are mainly directed at clinicians treating patients with brain tumors, as well as clinical and basic researchers working in the field of neuro-oncology.

Glioma

Glioma Book
Author : ryuya yamanaka
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-05-27
ISBN : 1461431468
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Treatment of glioma is currently one of the most challenging problems in oncology, as well as in neurosurgery. Despite major advances in our understanding of the pathomechanism, diagnosis by imaging and the availability of powerful therapeutic tools, the life expectancy of patients with glioblastoma has only been slightly prolonged and a cure remains elusive. None of the currently available surgical tools, including operative microscopes, lasers and image-guided surgery, can enable the detection and removal of all of the tumor tissue. In recent years, however, the landscape has been changing immeasurably, and molecular studies over the past two decades have identified a variety of genetic aberrations that are specifically associated with individual types of gliomas. In addition, certain molecular abnormalities have been linked to therapy responses, thereby establishing clinical biomarkers and molecular targets, and the use of novel agents is being investigated. These agents have been specifically engineered to exert specific cytotoxicity against gliomas, either on their own as single agents or in combination with other modalities. Moreover, there has been an enormous surge of interest in the area of immunology and immunotherapy, which has been facilitated by our understanding of the molecular basis of gliomas. Although several kinds of immunotherapeutic trials have been undertaken, we still await a great breakthrough in terms of clinical efficacy to prolong the survival time of glioma patients.

Glioblastoma

Glioblastoma  Book
Author : Swapan K. Ray
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-10-31
ISBN : 9781441904102
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Glioblastoma is the most malignant brain tumor that still remains incurable. It is such a deadly disease that patients do not survive more than a few months after diagnosis. Our understanding of the histopathology and molecular mechanisms of formation of glioblastoma is rapidly advancing so as to provide us clues for devising rational therapeutic strategies for treatment of this malignancy. It is important that we continue to improve our knowledge about the pathogenesis of this devastating disease and explore new areas to find successful therapeutic strategies. Various approaches such as sophisticated imaging techniques, improved surgical procedures, ground-breaking strategies for radiotherapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, chemoimmunotherapy, and photodynamic therapy are being used for eradicating glioblastoma. Hopefully, this book will be an important source of information on glioblastoma and therefore be highly useful to the students, postdoctoral fellows, principal investigators, and clinicians involved in this field.

Immunotherapy An Issue of Neurosurgery Clinics E Book

Immunotherapy  An Issue of Neurosurgery Clinics   E Book Book
Author : Isaac Yang,Michael J Lim
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2010-01-05
ISBN : 1455700452
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For this issue, Dr. Michael Lim of Johns Hopkins and Dr. Isaac Yang of UCSF team up to deliver a packed issue on the latest developments in Immunotherapy. The issue covers hot topics such as immunostimulants, Passive Antibody Mediated Immunotherapy, Clinical Applications of A Peptide Based Vaccine, Challenges for Clinical Design of Immunotherapy Trials, The EGFRv3 Peptide Vaccine, Stem Cell Therapy and Dendritic Cell Vaccines, Dendritic Glioma Fusion Vaccine, Adoptive Cellular Immunotherapy, Virus Mediated Immunotherapy, and so much more.

Malignant Gliomas RMR V3 I2

Malignant Gliomas  RMR V3 I2 Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Demos Medical Publishing
Release : 2012-10-09
ISBN : 1617051489
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Radiation Medicine Rounds is a trinary, hard cover periodical designed to provide an up-to-date review of a dedicated radiation medicine topic of interest to clinicians and scientists who are involved in the care of patients receiving radiotherapy. It is intended to serve as both a reference and instructional tool for students, housestaff, fellows, practicing clinicians, medical physicists, cancer biologists, radiobiologists, and interdisciplinary colleagues throughout the oncology spectrum. This issue of Radiation Medicine Rounds discusses the more salient topics surrounding the role of radiation therapy for malignant gliomas. The specialty of radiation therapy has increased in complexity over the years, yet as technology improves, the goal of improving outcomes while decreasing toxicity remains critical. Malignant gliomas remain among the most devastating of all malignancies, yet as conventional treatments (surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy) have become optimized overall survival has improved. The underlying molecular and genetic mechanisms of these tumors are becoming better understood, with one of the most important realizations being that histopathologically identical malignant gliomas often demonstrate very distinct clinical behaviors. Malignant Gliomas provides the practitioner with a current overview of best practices, recent research, and future directions in the management of this complex and challenging cancer.

Biopharmaceuticals

Biopharmaceuticals Book
Author : Ming-Kung Yeh,Yuan-Chuan Chen
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-09-19
ISBN : 1789237181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biopharmaceuticals are derived from biological sources, either live organisms or their active components; nowadays, they are mainly produced by biotechnologies. Biopharmaceuticals are extensively used in the treatment of various diseases such as cardiovascular, metabolic, neurological diseases, cancer, and others for which there are no available therapeutic methods. With the advance of science, biopharmaceuticals have revolutionized the treatment, prevention, and diagnosis of many patients with disabling and life-threatening diseases. Innovative biopharmaceuticals definitely improve the life quality of patients and enhance the effectiveness of the healthcare system. This book encompasses the discovery, production, application, and regulation of biopharmaceuticals to demonstrate their research achievement, prospects, and challenges. We expect the significance of biopharmaceuticals to be revealed and emphasized by this book.

Brain Tumor Immunotherapy

Brain Tumor Immunotherapy Book
Author : Linda M. Liau,Donald P. Becker,Timothy F. Cloughesy,Darell D. Bigner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2000-11-10
ISBN : 1592590357
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An authoritative panel of researchers and clinicians critically reviews the entire field to provide a comprehensive guide to modern brain tumor immunotherapy and thereby enhance future research in this area. The contributors detail many of the key laboratory experiments and clinical protocols that are currently being investigated, integrate the available information from previous and ongoing research, and help define the current status of the field. Topics range from adoptive cellular and antibody-mediated immunotherapy of brain tumors to tumor vaccines and related strategies, and include many vanguard experimental strategies and immunological techniques for studying brain tumor immunotherapy. Cutting-edge and comprehensive, Brain Tumor Immunotherapy brings together all the important recent advances in our understanding of central nervous system tumor immunology and illustrates in powerful detail the many new applications now harnessing the immune response for brain tumor therapeutics.

Advances in Veterinary Neurology An Issue of Veterinary Clinics of North America Small Animal Practice

Advances in Veterinary Neurology  An Issue of Veterinary Clinics of North America  Small Animal Practice  Book
Author : Natasha J. Olby
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2014-11-12
ISBN : 0323326919
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This issue highlights the advances in neurological treatments for dogs and cats. Articles include: New Treatment Modalities for Brain Tumors in Dogs and Cats, Altered Mental Status in Dogs and Cats: Stupor and Coma, Steroid Use in Veterinary Neurology, Hereditary Ataxia and Paroxysmal Movement Disorders in Dogs and Cats, Paroxysmal Movement Disorders in Dogs and Cats, Cluster Seizures and Status Epilepticus, Aging in the canine and feline brain, Acute Spinal Cord Injury: Tetraparesis and Paraparesis, Meningoencephalitis of Unknown Etiology, and more!

Brain Tumors E Book

Brain Tumors E Book Book
Author : Andrew H. Kaye,Edward R. Laws Jr
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2011-12-06
ISBN : 0702048186
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Meet the increasing need for effective brain tumor management with the highly anticipated revision of Brain Tumors by Drs. Andrew H. Kaye and Edward R. Laws. Over the past decade, enormous advances have been made in both the diagnosis and the surgical and radiotherapeutic management of brain tumors. This new edition guides you through the latest developments in the field, including hot topics like malignant gliomas, functional brain mapping, neurogenetics and the molecular biology of brain tumors, and biologic and gene therapy. Benefit from the knowledge and experience of Drs. Andrew H. Kaye and Edward R. Laws, globally recognized experts in the field of neurosurgery, as well as many other world authorities.

Gliomas New Insights for the Healthcare Professional 2011 Edition

Gliomas  New Insights for the Healthcare Professional  2011 Edition Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2012-01-09
ISBN : 1464901406
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gliomas: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Gliomas. The editors have built Gliomas: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Gliomas in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Gliomas: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

High Grade Gliomas

High Grade Gliomas Book
Author : Gene H. Barnett
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-11-21
ISBN : 1597451851
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is truly an exciting time in the field of neuro-oncology, particularly in the area of hi- grade gliomas. The management of patients with high-grade gliomas has historically been one of the most challenging and disheartening fields in medicine, where failure is the rule and longevity is the exception. The jaded often state that despite purported advances in surgical and radiotherapeutic techniques and a myriad of clinical trials of medical therapies, the s- vival statistics for glioblastoma have not changed in the last three decades. The nihilism associated with these tumors is such that some practitioners still advise against treatment or even biopsy, recommending palliative care with the diagnosis based only on history and an MRI scan. If the current state-of-the-art in the diagnosis and management of high-grade gliomas was truly so bleak, there would be no reason to compile and publish a monograph on the subject. The fact is that we have recently entered an era where real progress is being made in our understanding and treatment of high-grade gliomas that is directly benefiting some patients. We are slowly but surely chipping away at this problem. One approach has exploited correlations between particular molecular markers and therapeutic response. The first such “breakthrough” in high-grade glioma was the observation that loss of chromosomes 1p and 19q uniformly predict chemosensitivity in anaplastic oligodendrogliomas (1).

Modern Management of High Grade Glioma Part I An Issue of Neurosurgery Clinics E Book

Modern Management of High Grade Glioma  Part I  An Issue of Neurosurgery Clinics   E Book Book
Author : Isaac Yang,Seunggu J. Han
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2012-04-28
ISBN : 1455744182
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Standard therapy for high grade glioma is a topic that is evolving, timely, and relevant. Guest Editors Isaac Yang, MD and Seunggu Han, MD have assembled a group of experts to highlight the latest updates on various forms of management of high grade glioma. Some of the articles included in this issue focus on Extent of Resection for Glioblastoma; Role of adjuvant radiation therapy; Survival benefit of the Temozolomide protocol; Alternative chemotherapeutic agents; The role of avastin; Radiology; Pseuodprogression and Treatment effect; Pathology; Medical Management; Management of insular gliomas; Use of motor mapping; GBM treatment with clinical trials for surgical resection; Clinical trials with immunotherapy; Clinical trials for small molecule inhibitors; Future role of CED for GBM treatment; Application of a vault nanoparticle therapy for GBM therapy; Management of high grade gliomas in pediatric populations; Targeting Glioma Stem Like Cells with a focus on CD 133; and Potential Role for STAT3 inhibitors in glioblastoma.

Cancer Immunotherapy Immuno monitoring Mechanism Treatment Diagnosis and Emerging Tools

Cancer Immunotherapy   Immuno monitoring  Mechanism  Treatment  Diagnosis  and Emerging Tools Book
Author : Chao Ma,Rong Fan,Antoni Ribas
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release : 2014-12-16
ISBN : 2889193802
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the past decade, significant progresses have taken place in the field of cancer immunotherapy. Tumor-targeting immunotherapies are being developed for most human cancers, including melanoma, prostate cancer, glioblastoma, sarcoma, lung carcinoma and hepatocellular carcinoma. The FDA has approved multiple molecular immunotherapeutics, such as Ipilimumab; cellular immunotherapies (e.g. adoptive cell transfer) are being tested in phase II/III clinical trials. Immunotherapetics has evolved into a sophisticated field: Multimodal therapeutic regimens are administrated to induce focused responses, curtail side- effects and improve therapeutic efficacy. The lack of effective clinical assessment tools remains a major challenge. Because of the intricacy of antitumor response, it is essential to scrutinize individual tumor-targeting immune cells and their functions at the finest details – molecules. In this regard, flow cytometry analysis modernized hematology and allows characterization of surface molecular signature on individual cells. More recently, microchip technologies and new variations of cytometry have enormously expanded the spectrum, throughout and multiplexity of single cell analysis. Nowadays, tens of millions of readouts can be generated through the course of a cancer immunotherapy to monitor the abundance, phenotype and a myriad of effector functions of single immune cells. At the same time, big data analytics and data mining methodologies have been adapted to achieve sensible diagnostic interpretations. Such a marriage of technology and analytics opens the door for informative point-of-care assessment of therapeutic efficacy and ensures timely therapeutic decisions. The new generation of personalized clinical diagnostics will revolutionize healthcare in the years to come.