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Immunopotentiators In Modern Vaccines

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Immunopotentiators in Modern Vaccines

Immunopotentiators in Modern Vaccines Book
Author : Virgil Schijns,Derek O'Hagan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-11-02
ISBN : 0128040955
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Immunopotentiators in Modern Vaccines, Second Edition, provides in-depth insights and overviews of the most successful adjuvants, those that have been included in licensed products, also covering the most promising technologies that have emerged in recent years. In contrast to existing books on the subject, the chapters here provide summaries of key data on the mechanisms of action of the individual vaccine adjuvants. In addition, the book covers key aspects of how the technologies might be further developed and what might be their limitations, while also giving an overview of what made the most advanced adjuvant technologies successful. Provides contributions from leading international authorities in the field Features immunopotentiators classified by function, with well-illustrated, informative figures presenting the interaction between the immunopotentiators and the host immune system Lists advantages and potential hurdles for achieving a practical application for each specific immunopotentiator Offers US FDA perspectives which highlight how future adjuvants will be approved for new generation vaccines

Immunopotentiators in Modern Vaccines

Immunopotentiators in Modern Vaccines Book
Author : Virgil Schijns,Derek O'Hagan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-12-19
ISBN : 9780080457215
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Immunopotentiators in Modern Vaccines provides an in-depth insight and overview of a number of most promising immunopotentiators in modern vaccines. In contrast to existing books on the subject it provides recent data on the critical mechanisms governing the activity of vaccine adjuvants and delivery systems. Knowledge of immunological pathways and scenarios of the cells and molecules involved is described and depicted in comprehensive illustrations. Contributions from leading international authorities in the field Well-illustrated, informative figures present the interactions between immunopotentiators and the host immune system Each chapter lists advantages and potential hurdles for achieving a practical application for the specific immunopentiator

Immunopotentiators in Modern Vaccines

Immunopotentiators in Modern Vaccines Book
Author : Virgil E. J. C. Schijns
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Immunopotentiators in Modern Vaccines book written by Virgil E. J. C. Schijns, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Immunopotentiation

Immunopotentiation Book
Author : G. E. W. Wolstenholme,Julie Knight
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-09-16
ISBN : 0470717688
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Novartis Foundation Series is a popular collection of the proceedings from Novartis Foundation Symposia, in which groups of leading scientists from a range of topics across biology, chemistry and medicine assembled to present papers and discuss results. The Novartis Foundation, originally known as the Ciba Foundation, is well known to scientists and clinicians around the world.

Micro and Nanotechnology in Vaccine Development

Micro  and Nanotechnology in Vaccine Development Book
Author : Mariusz Skwarczynski,Istvan Toth
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2016-09-20
ISBN : 0323400299
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of how use of micro- and nanotechnology (MNT) has allowed major new advance in vaccine development research, and the challenges that immunologists face in making further progress. MNT allows the creation of particles that exploit the inherent ability of the human immune system to recognize small particles such as viruses and toxins. In combination with minimal protective epitope design, this permits the creation of immunogenic particles that stimulate a response against the targeted pathogen. The finely tuned response of the human immune system to small particles makes it unsurprising that many of the lead adjuvants and vaccine delivery systems currently under investigation are based on nanoparticles. Provides a comprehensive and unparalleled overview of the role of micro- and nanotechnology in vaccine development Allows researchers to quickly familiarize themselves with the broad spectrum of vaccines and how micro- and nanotechnologies are applied to their development Includes a combination of overview chapters setting out general principles, and focused content dealing with specific vaccines, making it useful to readers from a variety of disciplines

Immunobiology of Carbohydrates

Immunobiology of Carbohydrates Book
Author : Simon Wong,Gemma Arsequell
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003-10-31
ISBN : 9780306478444
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is unique in providing pertinent information on the various established roles carbohydrate play in the immune system and how the innate and adaptive immune systems respond to this type of microbial antigens. The editors selected only topics that have established basic and clinical relevance to this field. The topics from basic research are organised like a textbook, in order to guide the readers through complex sets of events that lead to clearance of or to immune responses toward carbohydrate antigens. The book is clear, concise and contains fully annotated summaries of the key basic and practical information on carbohydrate immunology from current literature. These topics are written by investigators from various disciplines (chemistry, medicine, biochemistry, glycobiology and immunology), creating a fine balance in the point of views presented in the book. It explores the challenges and rewards of understanding the importance of carbohydrates and glycoconjugates in health and disease, applying new knowledge from carbohydrate immunology in improving or developing novel sugar-based therapeutics, and vaccines and medicines. This book is most suitable for glycobiologists and immunologists, but many researchers whose interests, background and expertise are in any of the fifteen topics presented in this book will also find it appealing. It is also a valuable resource for postgraduate students, clinicians or anyone else who is curious about the role of carbohydrates in immunology, and would like to see the topics combined under one cover and in relation to each other.

Immunotherapy and Vaccines

Immunotherapy and Vaccines Book
Author : Stanley J. Cryz
Publisher : Vch Pub
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Immunotherapy and Vaccines book written by Stanley J. Cryz, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Translational Medicine

Translational Medicine Book
Author : Joy A. Cavagnaro,Mary Ellen Cosenza
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-11-26
ISBN : 1000471853
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Translational Medicine: Optimizing Preclinical Safety Evaluation of Biopharmaceuticals provides scientists responsible for the translation of novel biopharmaceuticals into clinical trials with a better understanding of how to navigate the obstacles that keep innovative medical research discoveries from becoming new therapies or even making it to clinical trials. The book includes sections on protein-based therapeutics, modified proteins, oligonucleotide-based therapies, monoclonal antibodies, antibody–drug conjugates, gene and cell-based therapies, gene-modified cell-based therapies, combination products, and therapeutic vaccines. Best practices are defined for efficient discovery research to facilitate a science-based, efficient, and predictive preclinical development program to ensure clinical efficacy and safety. Key Features: Defines best practices for leveraging of discovery research to facilitate a development program Includes general principles, animal models, biomarkers, preclinical toxicology testing paradigms, and practical applications Discusses rare diseases Discusses "What-Why-When-How" highlighting different considerations based upon product attributes. Includes special considerations for rare diseases About the Editors Joy A. Cavagnaro is an internationally recognized expert in preclinical development and regulatory strategy with an emphasis on genetic medicines.. Her 40-year career spans academia, government (FDA), and the CRO and biotech industries. She was awarded the 2019 Arnold J Lehman Award from the Society of Toxicology for introducing the concept of science-based, case-by-case approach to preclinical safety evaluation, which became the foundation of ICH S6. She currently serves on scientific advisory boards for advocacy groups and companies and consults and lectures in the area of preclinical development of novel therapies. Mary Ellen Cosenza is a regulatory toxicology consultant with over 30 years of senior leadership experience in the biopharmaceutical industry in the U.S., Europe, and emerging markets. She has held leadership position in both the American College of Toxicology (ACT) and the International Union of Toxicology (IUTOX) and is also an adjunct assistant professor at the University of Southern California where she teaches graduate-level courses in toxicology and regulation of biologics.

Mucosal Vaccines

Mucosal Vaccines Book
Author : Hiroshi Kiyono
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1996-10-23
ISBN : 9780080537054
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive, authoritative treatise covers all aspects of mucosal vaccines including their development, mechanisms of action, molecular/cellular aspects, and practical applications. The contributing authors and editors of this one-of-a-kind book are very well known in their respective fields. Mucosal Vaccines is organized in a unique format in which basic, clinical, and practical aspects of the mucosal immune system for vaccine development are described and discussed. This project is endorsed by the Society for Mucosal Immunology. Provides the latest views on mucosal vaccines Applies basic principles to the development of new vaccines Links basic, clinical, and practical aspects of mucosal vaccines to different infectious diseases Unique and user-friendly organization

Carbohydrate based Vaccines

Carbohydrate based Vaccines Book
Author : René Roy
Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780841239838
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the first of its kind entirely dedicated to carbohydrate vaccines written by renowned scientists with expertise in carbohydrate chemistry and immunochemistry. It covers the synthesis of carbohydrate antigens related to bacteria and parasites such as: Heamophilus influenza, Streptococcus pnemoniae, Shigella flexneri, Candida albicans, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and Chlamydia. The first three chapters are of wide interest as they cover fundamental concerns in new vaccine developments. The first one presents the immune system and how carbohydrate antigens are processed before protective antibodies are produced. It also illustrates antigen presentation in the context of major histocompatibility complexes (MHCs). The second chapter describes regulatory issues when carbohydrate vaccines are involved while the third one discuss several techniques used in conjugation chemistry and the implication of certain chemical linkages that may induce unexpected anti-linker antibodies. This section will be particularly appealing for those involved in drug-conjugate design, pro-drug developments, and drug vectorization. The book concludes with one chapter that illustrates the principle through which peptide antigens can functionally mimic carbohydrate epitopes, thus, unraveling the potential for peptide surrogates as replacement for complex carbohydrate structures. This book is unique in that it covers all aspects related to carbohydrate vaccines including the success story with the first semi-synthetic bacterial polysaccharide vaccine against Heamophilus influenza type b responsible for pneumonia and meningitis, liable for more than 600,000 infant deaths worldwide in developing countries. The book also presents regulatory issues and will thus be vital for government agencies approving candidate vaccines. It widely covers synthetic methodologies for the attachment of carbohydrate antigens to peptides and immunogenic protein carriers. Vaccines against bacterial antigens, cancer, and parasites are also discussed by worldwide experts in this field in details. No other book contains such a wide panel of different expertise. It will also be useful to students and researchers involved with the immunology of forreings antigens and how the under appreciated carbohydrate antigens are processed by the immune system.

Novel Immunologic Adjuvants

Novel Immunologic Adjuvants Book
Author : Rino Rappuoli,Ennio De Gregorio
Publisher : Future Medicine Ltd
Release : 2011-10
ISBN : 1780840047
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The study of adjuvants substances added to vaccine formulations to increase efficacy is one of the fastest growing disciplines in immunology and vaccine development. This book reviews the state-of-the-art of development of novel adjuvants and the science that supports them. There is an increasing need of novel adjuvants for preventive vaccines targeting infectious diseases for which conventional formulations have failed. New adjuvants are also needed to improve existing vaccines in the elderly, infants and chronically infected individuals that mount a suboptimal immune response. In addition, adjuvants could be very useful for the development of effective therapeutic vaccines against chronic infections and cancer. In this context, the book provides an overview of vaccine adjuvants with a special focus on their composition and mechanism of action.

Practical Aspects of Vaccine Development

Practical Aspects of Vaccine Development Book
Author : Parag Kolhe,Satoshi Ohtake
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-09-17
ISBN : 0128143584
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Practical Aspects of Vaccine Development provides an academic and industry perspective on vaccine development and manufacturing. With the increasing complexity of vaccine products in development, there is a need for a comprehensive review of the current state of the industry and challenges being encountered. While formulation scientists working in biotherapeutic development may be familiar with proteins, vaccines present unique challenges. Vaccines include a wide range of components including proteins, polysaccharides, protein-polysaccharide conjugates, adjuvants, and more. The container closure system may also be unique, and the product may require freezing storage or lyophilization based on the stability of the vaccine components. Based on the route of delivery, novel technologies and devices may be required. Covering formulation development, manufacture, and delivery considerations of vaccine production, this book is essential to formulation scientists, researchers in vaccine development throughout medical and life sciences, and advanced students. Includes formulation considerations for various vaccine types, including proteins, polysaccharides, conjugates, and live vaccines Covers process development for solution, suspension, and lyophilized products Explores the future of vaccines, including multi-component vaccines and novel delivery mechanisms/devices

Vaccine Adjuvants

Vaccine Adjuvants Book
Author : Derek T. O'Hagan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2000
ISBN : 1592590837
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Annotation Derek T. O'Hagan and a team of expert vaccinologists and pharmacologists thoroughly describe the preparation, characterization, and evaluation of a wide range of alternative vaccine adjuvants for use in preclinical studies. Each chapter carefully reviews a single adjuvant, and suggests why a specific adjuvant might be preferred for a given antigen, depending on what type of immune response is desired. Alternate adjuvant choices are also presented so that researchers can choose those most efficacious for their specific purpose. Comprehensive and highly practical, Vaccine Adjuvants: Preparation Methods and Research Protocols provides an effective guide to making and using vaccine adjuvants. By closely following directions from the book, today's researchers will be able optimally to induce specific immune responses against different types of antigens and to selectively manipulate the immune response in a favorable way.

Subunit Vaccine Delivery

Subunit Vaccine Delivery Book
Author : Camilla Foged,Thomas Rades,Yvonne Perrie,Sarah Hook
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-22
ISBN : 1493914170
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive volume compiles the concepts essential for the understanding of the pharmaceutical science and technology associated with the delivery of subunit vaccines. Twenty-one chapters are divided into four main parts: (I) Background; (2) Delivery Systems for Subunit Vaccines; (3) Delivery Routes, Devices and Dosage Forms; and (4) Pharmaceutical Analysis and Quality Control of Vaccines. Part one provide a basic background with respect to immunology and general vaccine classification. In part two, it presents representative types of vaccine delivery systems individually with focus on the physicochemical properties of the systems and their significance for the immune response they stimulate. These delivery systems include aluminum adjuvants, emulsions, liposomes, bilosomes, cubosomes/hexosomes, ISCOMs, virus-like particles, polymeric nano- and microparticles, gels, implants and cell-based delivery systems. Following these chapters, part three addresses the challenges associated with vaccine delivery via specific routes of administration—in particular subcutaneous, intramuscular, oral, nasal, pulmonary, transdermal and vaginal administration. Furthermore, the specific administration routes are discussed in combination with device technologies relevant for the respective routes as well as dosage forms appropriate for the device technology. Finally, the fourth part concerns pharmaceutical analysis and quality control of subunit vaccines.

Vaccine Adjuvants

Vaccine Adjuvants Book
Author : Christopher B Fox
Publisher : Humana Press
Release : 2016-10-08
ISBN : 9781493964437
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This collection seeks to elucidate the practical methods necessary for successful adjuvant development, with a particular focus on the synthesis, formulation, manufacturing, and characterization aspects involved. Beginning with an overview and a case study, the book then delves into in silico design, chemical synthesis, biosynthesis, and/or purification from natural raw materials of specific adjuvant molecules, adjuvant formulation approaches, the analytical characterization of adjuvant formulations and adjuvant-containing vaccines, as well as the biological characterization of vaccine adjuvant activity, including in vitro and in vivo approaches, to measure innate and adaptive immune responses. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Practical and authoritative, Vaccine Adjuvants: Methods and Protocols aims to facilitate vaccine adjuvant product development efforts, making them more accessible, manufacturable, and better characterized.

Medical Biotechnology

Medical Biotechnology Book
Author : Bernard R. Glick,Cheryl L. Patten,Terry L. Delovitch
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-12-02
ISBN : 1683673476
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The future is now—this groundbreaking textbook illustrates how biotechnology has radically changed the way we think about health care Biotechnology is delivering not only new products to diagnose, prevent, and treat human disease but entirely new approaches to a wide range of difficult biomedical challenges. Because of advances in biotechnology, hundreds of new therapeutic agents, diagnostic tests, and vaccines have been developed and are available in the marketplace. In this jargon-free, easy-to-read textbook, the authors demystify the discipline of medical biotechnology and present a roadmap that provides a fundamental understanding of the wide-ranging approaches pursued by scientists to diagnose, prevent, and treat medical conditions. Medical Biotechnology is written to educate premed and medical students, dental students, pharmacists, optometrists, nurses, nutritionists, genetic counselors, hospital administrators, and individuals who are stakeholders in the understanding and advancement of biotechnology and its impact on the practice of modern medicine. Hardcover, 700 pages, full-color illustrations throughout, glossary, index.

Current Applications of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Current Applications of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology Book
Author : Ana Catarina Silva,João Nuno Moreira,José Manuel Sousa Lobo,Hugo Almeida
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-06
ISBN : 3030404641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers an authoritative review of biopharmaceuticals and their clinical relevance. Biopharmaceuticals have been showing high therapeutic potential by means of biological and biosimilar medicines, particularly for the treatment of cancer, chronic diseases (e.g. diabetes, Crohn's disease, psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis), neurodegenerative disorders (e.g. multiple sclerosis), and they have also been contributing to the progress of innovative therapies such as assisted reproductive medicine. Since the eighties, several biopharmaceuticals have been approved and, due to patents expiration, many biosimilars are also marketed. In this book, readers will find the most relevant updated information about the main clinical applications of pharmaceutical biotechnology. The authors provide expert analysis about the industrial challenges of recombinant proteins and the different classes of biopharmaceuticals, including monoclonal antibodies, vaccines, growth factors and stem cells. Topics such as bioprinting technologies in tissue engineering, gene therapy and personalized medicine are also covered in this book. Professionals, students and researchers interested in this field will find this work an important account.

Immunotherapy for Pediatric Malignancies

Immunotherapy for Pediatric Malignancies Book
Author : Juliet C. Gray,Aurélien Marabelle
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-21
ISBN : 3319434861
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of current immunotherapy strategies, and how these may be applicable to childhood cancers. The first part of the book reviews how the immune system recognizes cancer, and the various escape mechanisms allowing tumour growth. The importance of the tumor microenvironment and the challenges this may present to achieving effective immunotherapy are discussed. Monoclonal antibodies, cellular, cytokine and vaccine therapies are all comprehensively reviewed, with particular focus on their potential application to pediatric cancers. Practical aspects of delivering such therapies to children, likely toxicities and potential biomarkers are considered. Finally, consideration is given to how, in the longer term, such therapies may be combined with conventional therapies such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Edited by two distinguished pediatric oncologists with a collection of chapters from the most authoritative experts in cancer immunotherapy, this is an indispensable volume for pediatric oncologists and physicians working in childhood cancer care.

Novel Immune Potentiators and Delivery Technologies for Next Generation Vaccines

Novel Immune Potentiators and Delivery Technologies for Next Generation Vaccines Book
Author : Manmohan Singh
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-03
ISBN : 1461453801
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Development of new-generation vaccines is now more challenging than ever, as identifying, purifying and evaluating vaccine antigens is a complex undertaking. Most importantly, once the relevant antigens have been identified, key focus then shifts to the development of suitable delivery systems and formulations to achieve maximum in vivo potency with minimum potential side effects. These novel formulations—many of which will be nanoparticulates—can deliver the antigens to the desired site, to the relevant antigen presenting cells, and prevent systemic exposure of the immune potentiators. The proposed book will outline all the critical steps that need to be considered for successful development of various types of nanoparticulate delivery systems for vaccine antigens. These contributions from leading experts in the area of vaccine formulation and delivery systems will tie in what is the most current status, including clinical evaluations with these novel vaccine technologies.​

Wild Plants Mushrooms and Nuts

Wild Plants  Mushrooms and Nuts Book
Author : Isabel C. F. R. Ferreira,Patricia Morales,Lillian Barros
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-01-17
ISBN : 1118944623
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wild Plants, Mushrooms and Nuts: Functional Properties and Food Applications is a compendium of current and novel research on the chemistry, biochemistry, nutritional and pharmaceutical value of traditional food products, namely wild mushrooms, plants and nuts, which are becoming more relevant in diets, and are especially useful for developing novel health foods and in modern natural food therapies. Topics covered will range from their nutritional value, chemical and biochemical characterization, to their multifunctional applications as food with beneficial effects on health, though their biological and pharmacological properties (antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, antitumor capacity, among others).