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Immunomic Discovery Of Adjuvants And Candidate Subunit Vaccines

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Immunomic Discovery of Adjuvants and Candidate Subunit Vaccines

Immunomic Discovery of Adjuvants and Candidate Subunit Vaccines Book
Author : Darren R. Flower,Yvonne Perrie
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-09
ISBN : 1461450705
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume will address an important emergent area within the field of immunomics: the discovery of antigens and adjuvants within the context of reverse vaccinology. Conventional approaches to vaccine design and development requires pathogens to be cultivated in the laboratory and the immunogenic molecules within them to be identifiable. Conventional vaccinology is no longer universally successful, particularly for recalcitrant pathogens. By using genomic information we can study vaccine development in silico: 'reverse vaccinology', can identify candidate subunits vaccines by identifying antigenic proteins and by using equally rational approaches to identify novel immune response-enhancing adjuvants.

Subunit Vaccine Delivery

Subunit Vaccine Delivery Book
Author : Camilla Foged,Thomas Rades,Yvonne Perrie,Sarah Hook
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-22
ISBN : 1493914170
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive volume compiles the concepts essential for the understanding of the pharmaceutical science and technology associated with the delivery of subunit vaccines. Twenty-one chapters are divided into four main parts: (I) Background; (2) Delivery Systems for Subunit Vaccines; (3) Delivery Routes, Devices and Dosage Forms; and (4) Pharmaceutical Analysis and Quality Control of Vaccines. Part one provide a basic background with respect to immunology and general vaccine classification. In part two, it presents representative types of vaccine delivery systems individually with focus on the physicochemical properties of the systems and their significance for the immune response they stimulate. These delivery systems include aluminum adjuvants, emulsions, liposomes, bilosomes, cubosomes/hexosomes, ISCOMs, virus-like particles, polymeric nano- and microparticles, gels, implants and cell-based delivery systems. Following these chapters, part three addresses the challenges associated with vaccine delivery via specific routes of administration—in particular subcutaneous, intramuscular, oral, nasal, pulmonary, transdermal and vaginal administration. Furthermore, the specific administration routes are discussed in combination with device technologies relevant for the respective routes as well as dosage forms appropriate for the device technology. Finally, the fourth part concerns pharmaceutical analysis and quality control of subunit vaccines.

Innovative Approaches in Drug Discovery

Innovative Approaches in Drug Discovery Book
Author : Bhushan Patwardhan,Rathnam Chaguturu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-10-03
ISBN : 0128018224
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite considerable technological advances, the pharmaceutical industry is experiencing a severe innovation deficit, especially in the discovery of new drugs. Innovative Approaches in Drug Discovery: Ethnopharmacology, Systems Biology and Holistic Targeting provides a critical review and analysis of health, disease and medicine, and explores possible reasons behind the present crisis in drug discovery. The authors illustrate the benefits of systems biology and pharmacogenomics approaches, and advocate the expansion from disease-centric discovery to person-centric therapeutics involving holistic, multi-target, whole systems approaches. This book lays a path for reigniting pharmaceutical innovation through a disciplined reemergence of pharmacognosy, embracing open innovation models and collaborative, trusted public-private partnerships. With unprecedented advances made in the development of biomedically-relevant tools and technologies, the need is great and the time is now for a renewed commitment towards expanding the repertoire of medicines. By incorporating real-life examples and state-of-the-art reviews, this book provides valuable insights into the discovery and development strategies for professionals, academicians, and students in the pharmaceutical sciences. Analyzes the reasons behind historical drug failures to provide valuable insights on lessons learned Uses current scientific research to promote learning from traditional knowledge systems and through the integration of traditional and western medicines Discusses advances in technologies and systems biology to support the transition from formulation discovery to therapeutic discovery

Clinical Applications of Immunomics

Clinical Applications of Immunomics Book
Author : Andras Falus
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-12-23
ISBN : 9780387792088
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Innate immunity is one the most evolutionally conserved systems, designed to protect the organism from viruses and bacterial infections, stress and many other types of attacks from the outside world. During the past decade, the capacity of molecular biology and information technology to produce and analyse data have grown exponentially, rapidly reforming many aspects of immunology research in the post-genomics era. As a result, scientific understanding of signalling networks governing the innate immunity response in human tissues and other organisms has evolved beyond recognition, compared to even just a decade ago. Many strategies have been designed over the years to identify novel proteins, which have a crucial role in innate immunity responses by regulating particular signalling pathways. These projects had many advantages, including the definition of novel drug targets, as exemplified by the recent success of anti-TNF therapy, as well as leading to a better, system-wide understanding of the molecular control of innate immunity. In the past few years, a new concept, Immunomics, has been adopted to define an emerging, multidisciplinary field of research (Schonbach, 2003). Although rapid progress has been made to identify the proteins playing pivotal roles in the innate immunity–related signalling pathways (for example, TIR signalling pathways), the catalogue of proteins with a key regulatory function identified and studied is far from completed. Novel proteins need to be char- terised to gain a more comprehensive picture of how signalling networks are regulated.

Bioinformatics for Immunomics

Bioinformatics for Immunomics Book
Author : Darren D.R. Flower,Matthew Davies,Shoba Ranganathan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2009-10-03
ISBN : 9781441905406
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Like many words, the term “immunomics” equates to different ideas contingent on context. For a brief span, immunomics meant the study of the Immunome, of which there were, in turn, several different definitions. A now largely defunct meaning rendered the Immunome as the set of antigenic peptides or immunogenic proteins within a single microorganism – be that virus, bacteria, fungus, or parasite – or microbial population, or antigenic or allergenic proteins and peptides derived from the environment as a whole, containing also proteins from eukaryotic sources. However, times have changed and the meaning of immunomics has also changed. Other newer definitions of the Immunome have come to focus on the plethora of immunological receptors and accessory molecules that comprise the host immune arsenal. Today, Immunomics or immunogenomics is now most often used as a synonym for high-throughput genome-based immunology. This is the study of aspects of the immune system using high-throughput techniques within a conc- tual landscape borne of both clinical and biophysical thinking.

McGraw Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology 2010

McGraw Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology  2010 Book
Author : McGraw-Hill
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release : 2009-12-22
ISBN : 0071639284
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

More than 150 articles explore the latest advances in science and technology For more than 45 years, this annual publication has made information on the latest trends and developments in science and technology accessible to non-specialists through concise, well-illustrated articles. Readers will find 150 articles from 200+ leaders in their respective fields covering disciplines from Astronomy to Zoology. The Yearbook will be of interest to students, writers, researchers, professionals, and general readers.