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Iec 61850 Based Smart Substations

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IEC 61850 Based Smart Substations

IEC 61850 Based Smart Substations Book
Author : Yubo Yuan,Yi Yang
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-06-12
ISBN : 0128151595
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

IEC 61850-Based Smart Substations: Principles, Testing, Operation and Maintenance systematically presents principles, testing approaches, and the operation and maintenance technologies of such substations from the perspective of real-world application. The book consists of chapters that cover a review of IEC 61850 based smart substations, substation configuration technology, principles and testing technologies for the smart substation, process bus, substation level, time setting and synchronization, and cybersecurity. It gives detailed information on testing processes and approaches, operation and maintenance technologies, and insights gained through practical experience. As IEC 61850 based smart substations have played a significant role in smart grids, realizing information sharing and device interoperation, this book provides a timely resource on the topics at hand. Contributes to the overall understanding of standard IEC 61850, analyzing principles and features Introduces best practices derived from hundreds of smart substation engineering applications Summarizes current research and insights gained from practical experience in the testing, operation and maintenance of smart substation projects in China Gives systematic and detailed information on testing technology Introduces novel technologies for next-generation substations

Smart Grid Security

Smart Grid Security Book
Author : Florian Skopik,Paul Dr. Smith
Publisher : Syngress
Release : 2015-08-11
ISBN : 0128023546
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Smart Grid security ecosystem is complex and multi-disciplinary, and relatively under-researched compared to the traditional information and network security disciplines. While the Smart Grid has provided increased efficiencies in monitoring power usage, directing power supplies to serve peak power needs and improving efficiency of power delivery, the Smart Grid has also opened the way for information security breaches and other types of security breaches. Potential threats range from meter manipulation to directed, high-impact attacks on critical infrastructure that could bring down regional or national power grids. It is essential that security measures are put in place to ensure that the Smart Grid does not succumb to these threats and to safeguard this critical infrastructure at all times. Dr. Florian Skopik is one of the leading researchers in Smart Grid security, having organized and led research consortia and panel discussions in this field. Smart Grid Security will provide the first truly holistic view of leading edge Smart Grid security research. This book does not focus on vendor-specific solutions, instead providing a complete presentation of forward-looking research in all areas of Smart Grid security. The book will enable practitioners to learn about upcoming trends, scientists to share new directions in research, and government and industry decision-makers to prepare for major strategic decisions regarding implementation of Smart Grid technology. Presents the most current and leading edge research on Smart Grid security from a holistic standpoint, featuring a panel of top experts in the field. Includes coverage of risk management, operational security, and secure development of the Smart Grid. Covers key technical topics, including threat types and attack vectors, threat case studies, smart metering, smart home, e- mobility, smart buildings, DERs, demand response management, distribution grid operators, transmission grid operators, virtual power plants, resilient architectures, communications protocols and encryption, as well as physical security.

IEC 61850 Demystified

IEC 61850 Demystified Book
Author : Herbert Falk
Publisher : Artech House
Release : 2018-12-31
ISBN : 1630816612
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive overview of 61850 standard/protocol focuses on implementation, taking the reader through the development and concepts of IEC 61850. This includes the initial work by General Motors (Manufacturing Automation Protocol), EPRI (UCA 1.0 and UCA 2.0), IEEE (TR 1550), and IEC 61850. The standard is a significant piece of many IIoT (industrial internet of things) strategies for substation communication. The book discusses and documents the basic research and theory of guaranteed multicast done for IEC 61850 GOOSE as well as the shift from variable technology to object oriented technology. The layering principles, as well as the structure, of IEC 61850 are discussed in detail as well as the actual communication profiles that have been created to support substation/distribution automation, distributed energy resources, and synchrophasors. Real applications will be discussed as well as the future direction of the standard. The author is a technical co-editor of IEC 61850 standard and a leader in US implementations, having been involved with the technology from its inception.

Proceedings of 2020 International Top Level Forum on Engineering Science and Technology Development Strategy and The 5th PURPLE MOUNTAIN FORUM PMF2020

Proceedings of 2020 International Top Level Forum on Engineering Science and Technology Development Strategy and The 5th PURPLE MOUNTAIN FORUM  PMF2020  Book
Author : Yusheng Xue,Yuping Zheng,Anjan Bose
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-01-23
ISBN : 9811597464
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book includes original, peer-reviewed research papers from the 2020 International Top-Level Forum on Engineering Science and Technology Development Strategy -- the 5th PURPLE MOUNTAIN FORUM on Smart Grid Protection and Control(PMF2020), held in Nanjing, China, on August 15-16, 2020. Hot topics and cutting edge technologies are included: - Advanced Power Transmission Technology - AC-DC Hybrid Power Grid Technology - eIoT Technology and Application - Operation, Protection and Control of Power Systems Supplied with High Penetration of Renewable Energy Sources - Active Distribution Network Technology - Smart Power Consumption and Energy-saving Technology - New Technology on Substation Automation - Clean Energy Technology - Energy Storage Technology and Application - Key Technology and Application of Integrated Energy - Application of AI, Block Chain, Big Data and Other New Technologies in Energy Industry - Application of New Information and Communication Technology in Energy Industry - Application of Technical Standard System and Related Research in Energy Industry The papers included in this proceeding share the latest research results and practical application examples on the methodologies and algorithms in these areas, which makes the book a valuable reference for researchers, engineers, and university students.

Advances in Ubiquitous Networking 2

Advances in Ubiquitous Networking 2 Book
Author : Rachid El-Azouzi,Daniel Sadoc Menasche,Essaïd Sabir,Francesco De Pellegrini,Mustapha Benjillali
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-11-03
ISBN : 9811016275
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume offers the proceedings of the 2nd UNet conference, held in Casablanca May 30 - June 1, 2016. It presents new trends and findings in hot topics related to ubiquitous computing/networking, covered in three tracks and three special sessions: Main Track 1: Context-Awareness and Autonomy Paradigms Track Main Track 2: Mobile Edge Networking and Virtualization Track Main Track 3: Enablers, Challenges and Applications Special Session 1: Smart Cities and Urban Informatics for Sustainable Development Special Session 2: Unmanned Aerial Vehicles From Theory to Applications Special Session 3: From Data to Knowledge: Big Data applications and solutions

Proceedings of the International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Systems and Informatics 2019

Proceedings of the International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Systems and Informatics 2019 Book
Author : Aboul Ella Hassanien,Khaled Shaalan,Mohamed Fahmy Tolba
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-02
ISBN : 3030311295
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Systems and Informatics 2019 (AISI2019), which took place in Cairo, Egypt, from October 26 to 28, 2019. This international and interdisciplinary conference, which highlighted essential research and developments in the fields of informatics and intelligent systems, was organized by the Scientific Research Group in Egypt (SRGE). The book is divided into several sections, covering the following topics: machine learning and applications, swarm optimization and applications, robotic and control systems, sentiment analysis, e-learning and social media education, machine and deep learning algorithms, recognition and image processing, intelligent systems and applications, mobile computing and networking, cyber-physical systems and security, smart grids and renewable energy, and micro-grid and power systems.

Cyber Physical Energy and Power Systems

Cyber Physical Energy and Power Systems Book
Author : Yijia Cao,Yong Li,Xuan Liu,Christian Rehtanz
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-19
ISBN : 9811500622
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses recent advances in cyber-physical power systems (CPPS) in the modeling, analysis and applications of smart grid. It introduces a series of models, such as an analysis of interaction between the power grid and the communication network, differential protection in smart distribution systems, data flow for VLAN-based communication in substations, a co-simulation model for investigating the impacts of cyber-contingency and distributed control systems as well as the analytical techniques used in different parts of cyber physical energy systems. It also discusses methods of cyber-attack on power systems, particularly false data injection. The results presented are a comprehensive summary of the authors’ original research conducted over a period of 5 years. The book is of interest to university researchers, R&D engineers and graduate students in power and energy systems.

Smart Grids and Big Data Analytics for Smart Cities

Smart Grids and Big Data Analytics for Smart Cities Book
Author : Chun Sing Lai,Loi Lei Lai,Qi Hong Lai
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-31
ISBN : 3030521559
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to different elements of smart city infrastructure - smart energy, smart water, smart health, and smart transportation - and how they work independently and together. Theoretical development and practical applications are presented, along with related standards, recommended practices, and professional guidelines. Throughout the book, diagrams and case studies are provided that demonstrate the systems presented, and extensive use of scenarios helps readers better grasp how smart grids, the Internet of Things, big data analytics, and trading models can improve road safety, healthcare, smart water management, and a low-carbon economy. A must-read for practicing engineers, consultants, regulators, utility operators, and environmentalists involved in smart city development, the book will also appeal to city planners and designers, as well as upper-level undergraduate and graduate students studying energy, environmental science, technology, economics, signal processing, information science, and power engineering.

Smart Grids

Smart Grids Book
Author : Stuart Borlase
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-11-22
ISBN : 1498799566
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The latest edition features a new chapter on implementation and operation of an integrated smart grid with updates to multiple chapters throughout the text. New sections on Internet of things, and how they relate to smart grids and smart cities, have also been added to the book. It describes the impetus for change in the electric utility industry and discusses the business drivers, benefits, and market outlook of the smart grid initiative. The book identifies the technical framework of enabling technologies and smart solutions and describes the role of technology developments and coordinated standards in smart grid, including various initiatives and organizations helping to drive the smart grid effort. With chapters written by leading experts in the field, the text explains how to plan, integrate, implement, and operate a smart grid.

Power System Protection in Smart Grid Environment

Power System Protection in Smart Grid Environment Book
Author : Ramesh Bansal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-01-15
ISBN : 042968679X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With distributed generation interconnection power flow becoming bidirectional, culminating in network problems, smart grids aid in electricity generation, transmission, substations, distribution and consumption to achieve a system that is clean, safe (protected), secure, reliable, efficient, and sustainable. This book illustrates fault analysis, fuses, circuit breakers, instrument transformers, relay technology, transmission lines protection setting using DIGsILENT Power Factory. Intended audience is senior undergraduate and graduate students, and researchers in power systems, transmission and distribution, protection system broadly under electrical engineering.

Optimization and Security Challenges in Smart Power Grids

Optimization and Security Challenges in Smart Power Grids Book
Author : Vijay Pappu,Marco Carvalho,Panos Pardalos
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-01
ISBN : 3642381340
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an overview of state-of-the-art research on “Systems and Optimization Aspects of Smart Grid Challenges.” The authors have compiled and integrated different aspects of applied systems optimization research to smart grids, and also describe some of its critical challenges and requirements. The promise of a smarter electricity grid could significantly change how consumers use and pay for their electrical power, and could fundamentally reshape the current Industry. Gaining increasing interest and acceptance, Smart Grid technologies combine power generation and delivery systems with advanced communication systems to help save energy, reduce energy costs and improve reliability. Taken together, these technologies support new approaches for load balancing and power distribution, allowing optimal runtime power routing and cost management. Such unprecedented capabilities, however, also present a set of new problems and challenges at the technical and regulatory levels that must be addressed by Industry and the Research Community.

Wireless Communications for Power Substations RF Characterization and Modeling

Wireless Communications for Power Substations  RF Characterization and Modeling Book
Author : Basile L. Agba,Fabien Sacuto,Minh Au,Fabrice Labeau,François Gagnon
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-08
ISBN : 331991328X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book consists of the identification, characterization, and modeling of electromagnetic interferences in substations for the deployment of wireless sensor networks. The authors present in chapter 3 the measurement setup to record sequences of impulsive noise samples in the ISM band of interest. The setup can measure substation impulsive noise, in wide band, with enough samples per time window and enough precision to allow a statistical study of the noise. During the measurement campaign, the authors recorded around 120 noise sequences in different substations and for four ranges of equipment voltage, which are 25 kV, 230 kV, 315 kV and 735 kV. A characterization process is proposed, by which physical characteristics of partial discharge can be measured in terms of first- and second-order statistics. From the measurement campaign, the authors infer the characteristics of substation impulsive noise as a function of the substation equipment voltage, and can provide representative parameters for the four voltage ranges and for several existing impulsive noise models. The authors investigate in chapters 4 and 5 the modeling of electromagnetic interferences caused by partial discharge sources. First, the authors propose a complete and coherent approach model that links physical characteristics of high-voltage installations to the induced radio-interference spectra of partial discharge sources. The goodness-of-fit of the proposed physical model has been measured based on some interesting statistical metrics. This allows one to assess the effectiveness of the authors' approach in terms of first- and second-order statistics. Chapter 6 proposes a model based on statistical approach. Indeed, substation impulsive noise is composed of correlated impulses, which would require models with memory in order to replicate a similar correlation. Among different models, we have configured a Partitioned Markov Chain (PMC) with 19 states (one state for the background noise and 18 states for the impulse); this Markov-Gaussian model is able to generate impulsive noise with correlated impulse samples. The correlation is observable on the impulse duration and the power spectrum of the impulses. Our PMC model provides characteristics that are more similar to the characteristics of substation impulsive noise in comparison with other models, in terms of time and frequency response, as well as Probability Density Functions (PDF). Although PMC represents reliably substation impulsive noise, the model remains complex in terms of parameter estimation due to a large number of Markov states, which can be an obstacle for future wireless system design. In order to simplify the model, the authors decrease the number of states to 7 by assigning one state to the background noise and 6 states to the impulse and we call this model PMC-6. PMC-6 can generate realistic impulses and can be easily implemented in a receiver in order to mitigate substation impulsive noise. Representative parameters are provided in order to replicate substation impulsive noise for different voltage ranges (25-735 kV). Chapter 7, a generalized radio-noise model for substations is proposed, in which there are many discharges sources that are randomly distributed over space and time according to the Poisson field of interferers approach. This allows for the identification of some interesting statistical properties of moments, cumulants and probability distributions. These can, in turn, be utilized in signal processing algorithms for rapid partial discharge's identification, localization, and impulsive noise mitigation techniques in wireless communications in substations. The primary audience for this book is the electrical and power engineering industry, electricity providers and companies who are interested in substation automation systems using wireless communication technologies for smart grid applications. Researchers, engineers and students studying and working in wireless communication will also want to buy this book as a reference.

Proceedings of PURPLE MOUNTAIN FORUM 2019 International Forum on Smart Grid Protection and Control

Proceedings of PURPLE MOUNTAIN FORUM 2019 International Forum on Smart Grid Protection and Control Book
Author : Yusheng Xue,Yuping Zheng,Saifur Rahman
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-08-08
ISBN : 981139783X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents original, peer-reviewed research papers from the 4th Purple Mountain Forum –International Forum on Smart Grid Protection and Control (PMF2019-SGPC), held in Nanjing, China on August 17–18, 2019. Addressing the latest research hotspots in the power industry, such as renewable energy integration, flexible interconnection of large scale power grids, integrated energy system, and cyber physical power systems, the papers share the latest research findings and practical application examples of the new theories, methodologies and algorithms in these areas. As such book a valuable reference for researchers, engineers, and university students.

Substation Automation Systems

Substation Automation Systems Book
Author : Evelio Padilla
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-09-22
ISBN : 1118987292
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Substation Automation Systems: Design and Implementation aims to close the gap created by fast changing technologies impacting on a series of legacy principles related to how substation secondary systems are conceived and implemented. It is intended to help those who have to define and implement SAS, whilst also conforming to the current industry best practice standards. Key features: Project-oriented approach to all practical aspects of SAS design and project development. Uniquely focusses on the rapidly changing control aspect of substation design, using novel communication technologies and IEDs (Intelligent Electronic Devices). Covers the complete chain of SAS components and related equipment instead of purely concentrating on intelligent electronic devices and communication networks. Discusses control and monitoring facilities for auxiliary power systems. Contributes significantly to the understanding of the standard IEC 61850, which is viewed as a “black box” for a significant number of professionals around the world. Explains standard IEC 61850 – Communication networks and systems for power utility automation – to support all new systems networked to perform control, monitoring, automation, metering and protection functions. Written for practical application, this book is a valuable resource for professionals operating within different SAS project stages including the: specification process; contracting process; design and engineering process; integration process; testing process and the operation and maintenance process.

Investigation of Wireless LAN for IEC 61850 Based Smart Distribution Substations

Investigation of Wireless LAN for IEC 61850 Based Smart Distribution Substations Book
Author : Palak P. Parikh
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The IEC 61850 standard is receiving acceptance worldwide to deploy Ethernet Local Area Networks (LANs) for electrical substations in a smart grid environment. With the recent growth in wireless communication technologies, wireless Ethernet or Wireless LAN (WLAN), standardized in IEEE 802.11, is gaining interest in the power industry for substation automation applications, especially at the distribution level. Low Voltage (LV) / Medium Voltage (MV) distribution substations have comparatively low time-critical performance requirements. At the same time, expensive but high data-rate fiber-based Ethernet networks may not be a feasible solution for the MV/LV distribution network. Extensive work is carried out to assess wireless LAN technologies for various IEC 61850 based smart distribution substation applications: control and monitoring; automation and metering; and over-current protection. First, the investigation of wireless LANs for various smart distribution substation applications was initiated with radio noise-level measurements in total five (27.6 and 13.8 kV) substations owned by London Hydro and Hydro One in London, ON, Canada. The measured noise level from a spectrum analyzer was modeled using the Probability Distribution Function (PDF) tool in MATLAB, and parameters for these models in the 2.4 GHz band and 5.8 GHz band were obtained. Further, this measured noise models were used to simulate substation environment in OPNET (the industry-trusted communication networking simulation) tool. In addition, the efforts for developing dynamic models of WLAN-enabled IEC 61850 devices were initiated using Proto-C programming in OPNET tool. The IEC 61850 based devices, such as Protection and Control (P & C) Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs) and Merging Unit (MU) were developed based on the OSI-7 layer stack proposed in IEC 61850. The performance of various smart distribution substation applications was assessed in terms of average and maximum message transfer delays and throughput. The work was extended by developing hardware prototypes of WLAN enabled IEC 61850 devices in the R & D laboratory at University of Western Ontario, Canada. P & C IED, MU, Processing IED, and Echo IED were developed using industrial embedded computers over the QNX Real Time Operating System (RTOS) platform. The functions were developed using hard real-time multithreads, timers, and so on to communicate IEC 61850 application messages for analyzing WLAN performance in terms of Round Trip Time (RTT) and throughput. The laboratory was set up with WLAN-enabled IEC 61850 devices, a commercially available WLAN Access Point (AP), noise sources, and spectrum and network analyzers. Performance of various smart distribution substation applications is examined within the developed laboratory. Finally, the performance evaluation was carried out in real-world field testing at 13.8 and 27.6 kV distribution substations, by installing the devices in substation control room and switchyard. The RTT of IEC 61850 based messages and operating time of the overcurrent protection using WLAN based communication network were evaluated in the harsh environment of actual distribution substations. The important findings from the exhaustive investigation were discussed throughout this work.

Energy Internet

Energy Internet Book
Author : Ahmed F Zobaa,Junwei Cao
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-06-17
ISBN : 3030454533
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook is the first of its kind to comprehensively describe the energy Internet, a vast network that efficiently supplies electricity to anyone anywhere and is an internet based wide area network for information and energy fusion. The chapters are organized into five parts: Architecture and Design, Energy Switching and Routing, Information and Communication, Energy Management Systems and Energy Market and Trading, and capture the spectrum of this exponential transformation, while also presenting the plethora of open problems that this transformation poses for researchers from mixed academic backgrounds. The scope includes key technologies on distributed energy sources, microgrids, energy storage, solar and wind energy, power grid, smart grid, power quality, power electronics, data centers, distributed computing and networking, cloud computing and big data, and software-defined networking. The book presents the basic principles of energy internet and emphasizes the current research trends in the field of energy Internet at an advanced level. It includes instructor materials, case-studies, and worked examples throughout. This is an ideal resource for students in advanced graduate-level courses and special topics in energy, information and control systems, and is a useful tool for utility engineers who seek an intuitive understanding of the emerging applications of energy Internet.

Engineering Secure Software and Systems

Engineering Secure Software and Systems Book
Author : Eric Bodden,Mathias Payer,Elias Athanasopoulos
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-06-23
ISBN : 331962105X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Engineering Secure Software and Systems, ESSoS 2017, held in Bonn, Germany in July 2017. The 12 full papers presented together with 3 short papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 32 submissions. The goal of this symposium is to bring together researchers and practitioners to advance the states of the art and practice in secure software engineering.

Power System Protection in Smart Grid Environment

Power System Protection in Smart Grid Environment Book
Author : Ramesh Bansal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-01-02
ISBN : 0429686781
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With distributed generation interconnection power flow becoming bidirectional, culminating in network problems, smart grids aid in electricity generation, transmission, substations, distribution and consumption to achieve a system that is clean, safe (protected), secure, reliable, efficient, and sustainable. This book illustrates fault analysis, fuses, circuit breakers, instrument transformers, relay technology, transmission lines protection setting using DIGsILENT Power Factory. Intended audience is senior undergraduate and graduate students, and researchers in power systems, transmission and distribution, protection system broadly under electrical engineering.

Computational Methodologies for Electrical and Electronics Engineers

Computational Methodologies for Electrical and Electronics Engineers Book
Author : Singh, Rajiv,Singh, Ashutosh Kumar,Dwivedi, Ajay Kumar,Nagabhushan, P.
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2021-03-18
ISBN : 1799833291
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Artificial intelligence has been applied to many areas of science and technology, including the power and energy sector. Renewable energy in particular has experienced the tremendous positive impact of these developments. With the recent evolution of smart energy technologies, engineers and scientists working in this sector need an exhaustive source of current knowledge to effectively cater to the energy needs of citizens of developing countries. Computational Methodologies for Electrical and Electronics Engineers is a collection of innovative research that provides a complete insight and overview of the application of intelligent computational techniques in power and energy. Featuring research on a wide range of topics such as artificial neural networks, smart grids, and soft computing, this book is ideally designed for programmers, engineers, technicians, ecologists, entrepreneurs, researchers, academicians, and students.