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Identifying Ignitable Liquids In Fire Debris

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Identifying Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris

Identifying Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris Book
Author : Jeanet Hendrikse,Michiel Grutters,Frank Schäfer
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-10-05
ISBN : 0128043873
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Identifying Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris: A Guideline for Forensic Experts discusses and illustrates the characteristics of different ignitable liquid products. This guideline builds on the minimum criteria of the ignitable liquid classes defined in the internationally accepted standard ASTM E1618 Standard Test Method for Ignitable Liquid Residues in Extracts from Fire Debris Samples by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. The volume provides information on the origin of the characteristics of these ignitable liquid products and provides a summary of characteristics to demonstrate a positive identification of the particular product class. Topics such as the term ignitable liquid, relevant guidelines for fire debris analysis, production processes of ignitable liquids, fire debris analysis methods, and interferences in fire debris analysis, are briefly discussed as these topics are essential for the understanding of the identification and classification of ignitable liquid residues in fire debris. Discusses the characteristics and variations in chemical composition of different classes of the ignitable liquid products defined by ASTM E1618:14 Covers the General Production Processes of Ignitable Liquid Products Includes a guide for the Identification of Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris

Fire Debris Analysis

Fire Debris Analysis Book
Author : Eric Stauffer,Julia A. Dolan,Reta Newman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2007-12-10
ISBN : 9780080556260
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The study of fire debris analysis is vital to the function of all fire investigations, and, as such, Fire Debris Analysis is an essential resource for fire investigators. The present methods of analysis include the use of gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, techniques which are well established and used by crime laboratories throughout the world. However, despite their universality, this is the first comprehensive resource that addresses their application to fire debris analysis. Fire Debris Analysis covers topics such as the physics and chemistry of fire and liquid fuels, the interpretation of data obtained from fire debris, and the future of the subject. Its cutting-edge material and experienced author team distinguishes this book as a quality reference that should be on the shelves of all crime laboratories. Serves as a comprehensive guide to the science of fire debris analysis Presents both basic and advanced concepts in an easily readable, logical sequence Includes a full-color insert with figures that illustrate key concepts discussed in the text

GC MS Guide to Ignitable Liquids

GC MS Guide to Ignitable Liquids Book
Author : Reta Newman,Michael W. Gilbert,Kevin Lothridge
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-08-26
ISBN : 1000141233
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The rapidly increasing number of different ignitable liquid formulations available today poses a new challenge to fire debris analysts and other forensic chemistry specialists - that of accurately identifying and classifying ignitable liquids with unfamiliar chromatographic patterns. GC-MS Guide to Ignitable Liquids addresses that challenge with a selection of more than 100 different ignitable liquid formulations designed to supplement the laboratory's standard collection. Both total ion chromatograms and extracted ion chromatograms (mass chromatograms) are included. Written by authors who are also experienced forensic chemists, this complete reference is the only single source of information on ignitable liquids - a must for students of fire science, forensic chemists, and anyone conducting fire debris analysis.

Fire Investigation

Fire Investigation Book
Author : Niamh Nic Daeid
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-01-27
ISBN : 9780203646953
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fire Investigation covers the concepts and theories used to determine a specfic fire has been deliberately or accidentally set. The author clearly explains the concepts needed to gain insight into a fire scene investigation, including the dynamics of the fire, the necessary conditions for a fire to start and be maintained, the different types of co

Forensic Analysis of Fire Debris and Explosives

Forensic Analysis of Fire Debris and Explosives Book
Author : Kenyon Evans-Nguyen,Katherine Hutches
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-08
ISBN : 3030258343
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text provides training on the fundamental tools and methodologies used in active forensic laboratories for the complicated analysis of fire debris and explosives evidence. It is intended to serve as a gateway for students and transitioning forensic science or chemistry professionals. The book is divided between the two disciplines of fire debris and explosives, with a final pair of chapters devoted to the interplay between the two disciplines and with other disciplines, such as DNA and fingerprint analysis. It brings together a multi-national group of technical experts, ranging from academic researchers to active practitioners, including members of some of the premier forensic agencies of the world. Readers will gain knowledge of practical methods of analysis and will develop a strong foundation for laboratory work in forensic chemistry. End-of-chapter questions based on relevant topics and real-world data provide a realistic arena for learners to test newly-acquired techniques.

Quality Management in Forensic Science

Quality Management in Forensic Science Book
Author : Sean Doyle
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-11-20
ISBN : 0128094249
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic science has been under scrutiny for some time, since the release of the NAS report in 2009. The report cited the need for standardized practices and the accreditation of crime labs. No longer can the forensic community take the position that cross-examination in a courtroom will expose weaknesses in methodology and execution. Quality Management in Forensic Science covers a wide spectrum of forensic disciplines, relevant ISO and non-ISO standards, accreditation and quality management systems necessary in any forensic science laboratory. Written by a globally well-respected forensic scientist with decades of experience in the forensic science laboratory and on the stand, as an expert witness who is also a Fellow of both the Royal Society of Chemistry and the Chartered Society of Forensic Sciences. This book will be a must-have resource for all forensic science stakeholders, particularly law enforcement agents and lawyers less familiar with the impact of quality management on the reliability of scientific evidence. A comprehensive, multidisciplinary reference of scientific practices for use in the forensic laboratory Coverage from DNA to toxicology, from trace evidence to crime scene and beyond Extensive review of ISO and non-ISO standards, accreditation, QMS and much more Written by a foremost forensic scientist with decades of experience in the laboratory and as an expert witness

Advances in Forensic Applications of Mass Spectrometry

Advances in Forensic Applications of Mass Spectrometry Book
Author : Jehuda Yinon
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-12-29
ISBN : 9780203998281
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent developments in analytical instrumentation have had an enormous influence on forensic analysis. The mass spectrometer is now an integral part of every forensic laboratory, resulting in greater analytical accuracy, more reliable identification, and lower detection limits. As the instrumental method of choice among forensic analysts, the mass spectrometer continues to pave the way for innovative applications in forensic analysis. Exploring the latest developments in the field, Advances in Forensic Applications of Mass Spectrometry provides a comprehensive reference guide to forensic applications using modern mass spectrometry techniques. The book features methods developed from advanced instrumentation, drug detection and toxicological analysis, and methodology of applications of stable isotope ratios. The final chapters present approaches for identifying accelerants in fire debris and procedures for analyzing explosives in post-blast residues. Jehuda Yinon, Ph.D., is one of the top forensic chemists in the world. As the editor of this authoritative volume, he compiles the knowledge of leading experts to demonstrate the use of novel mass spectrometry techniques in a vast range of forensic applications.

Scientific Protocols for Fire Investigation

Scientific Protocols for Fire Investigation Book
Author : John J. Lentini
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-01-26
ISBN : 142000381X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Scientific Protocols for Fire Investigation provides comprehensive coverage from historical, developmental, current, and practical perspectives. The author, uniquely qualified with years of experience in both on-site investigations and lab analyses, provides a resource that is unparalleled in depth and focus. The book is distinctive in that it not

Analysis and Interpretation of Fire Scene Evidence

Analysis and Interpretation of Fire Scene Evidence Book
Author : Jose R. Almirall,Kenneth G. Furton
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 9780203492727
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ongoing advances in arson detection tools and techniques increase the importance of scientific evidence in related court proceedings. In order to assemble an airtight case, investigators and forensic scientists need a resource that assists them in properly conducting the chemical analysis and interpretation of physical evidence found at scenes of suspected arson. Analysis and Interpretation of Fire Scene Evidence introduces the techniques that determine the presence of ignitable liquid residues (ILRs) at fire scenes. It bridges the disciplines of investigation and forensic chemistry, enabling effective communication during critical periods of evidence detection, collection, packaging, and transport. The initial chapters are written from an investigator's perspective, allowing forensic specialists to understand fire dynamics, ignition, heat transfer, and investigations. Later chapters include a comparison of the use of canines versus new detection techniques, and an examination of laboratory facilities, equipment, and procedures that are essential to organizing a new lab or upgrading an existing one. By detailing the methods used to identify potential evidence at the scene of suspected arson fires, this volume also benefits attorneys and judges in preparing for prosecution and defense of arson cases.

Mass Spectrometry Handbook

Mass Spectrometry Handbook Book
Author : Mike S. Lee
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-04-16
ISBN : 1118180720
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Due to its enormous sensitivity and ease of use, mass spectrometry has grown into the analytical tool of choice in most industries and areas of research. This unique reference provides an extensive library of methods used in mass spectrometry, covering applications of mass spectrometry in fields as diverse as drug discovery, environmental science, forensic science, clinical analysis, polymers, oil composition, doping, cellular research, semiconductor, ceramics, metals and alloys, and homeland security. The book provides the reader with a protocol for the technique described (including sampling methods) and explains why to use a particular method and not others. Essential for MS specialists working in industrial, environmental, and clinical fields.

Basic Tools and Resources for Fire Investigators

Basic Tools and Resources for Fire Investigators Book
Author : U S Departmen U S Fire Administration
Publisher : FEMA
Release : 2013-02-28
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook is designed to serve as a compendium of basic information about the tools and techniques of fire investigation.

Statistical Analysis in Forensic Science

Statistical Analysis in Forensic Science Book
Author : Grzegorz Zadora,Agnieszka Martyna,Daniel Ramos,Colin Aitken
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-12-12
ISBN : 1118763181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A practical guide for determining the evidential value of physicochemical data Microtraces of various materials (e.g. glass, paint, fibres, and petroleum products) are routinely subjected to physicochemical examination by forensic experts, whose role is to evaluate such physicochemical data in the context of the prosecution and defence propositions. Such examinations return various kinds of information, including quantitative data. From the forensic point of view, the most suitable way to evaluate evidence is the likelihood ratio. This book provides a collection of recent approaches to the determination of likelihood ratios and describes suitable software, with documentation and examples of their use in practice. The statistical computing and graphics software environment R, pre-computed Bayesian networks using Hugin Researcher and a new package, calcuLatoR, for the computation of likelihood ratios are all explored. Statistical Analysis in Forensic Science will provide an invaluable practical guide for forensic experts and practitioners, forensic statisticians, analytical chemists, and chemometricians. Key features include: Description of the physicochemical analysis of forensic trace evidence. Detailed description of likelihood ratio models for determining the evidential value of multivariate physicochemical data. Detailed description of methods, such as empirical cross-entropy plots, for assessing the performance of likelihood ratio-based methods for evidence evaluation. Routines written using the open-source R software, as well as Hugin Researcher and calcuLatoR. Practical examples and recommendations for the use of all these methods in practice.

Advances in Forensic Human Identification

Advances in Forensic Human Identification Book
Author : Xanthe Mallett,Teri Blythe,Rachel Berry
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-01-24
ISBN : 1439825165
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As forensic human identification receives increased global attention, practitioners, policy makers, and students need an appropriate resource that describes current methods and modalities that have shaped today‘s policies and protocols. A supplemental follow-up to Forensic Human Identification: An Introduction, Advances in Forensic Human Identifica

Forensic Science Handbook

Forensic Science Handbook Book
Author : Richard Saferstein
Publisher : Pearson College Division
Release : 2002
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second in a three-volume series, this popular and widely circulated professional handbook describes the theories and practices of today's criminalistics, and covers a wide range of subject areas relevant to the services rendered by crime laboratories and related facilities. Presents authoritative reviews from recognized forensic criminologists and forensic scientists well-versed in their chosen areas of expertise. Considers a specific examination technique for a wide-range of evidence prevalent in the modern crime laboratory, e.g., DNA, hair, paint, soil, glass, petroleum products, explosives, alcohol in blood and breath, and questioned documents. Describes the theory, operation, and forensic utilization of such modern analytical instruments as mass spectrometry, capillary electrophoresis, high-performance liquid chromatography, and the visible microspectrophotometer. Emphasizes the symbiotic relationship between forensic science and criminal law as it examines the role and conduct of the expert witness, rules of evidence, and the legal requirements governing the admissibility of scientifically evaluated evidence.For professionals in forensic science and criminology.