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Identification Of Textile Fibers

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Identification of Textile Fibers

Identification of Textile Fibers Book
Author : M M Houck
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-01-30
ISBN : 1845695658
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The identification of fibers is important to the textile industry, forensic science, fashion designers and historians among others. Identifying fibers involves observing the physical and chemical properties of the fiber for which there are a wide diversity of instruments available. This book provides a comprehensive review of fiber structure, the diversity of instruments available to identify fibers and applicications for a range of industries. The first part of the book examines the main fibers, their structure and characteristics. Part two focuses on methods of fiber identification, ranging from microscopic to DNA analysis. Specific applications, including how textiles are identified in forensic investigations. Identification of textile fibers is an important text for forensic scientists, police and lawyers who may be involved with the use of textile fibers to provide evidence in criminal cases. It will also be relevant for textile designers, technologists and inspectors wishing to assess fiber quality and understand fiber damage. Provides a comprehensive review of the main types of fibre together with their structure, characteristics and identification Assesses methods of fibre identification from optical microscopy to DNA analysis as well as instruments available to identify fibres

Identification of Textile Fibers

Identification of Textile Fibers Book
Author : Max M. Houck
Publisher : Woodhead Pub Limited
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9781845692667
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The identification of fibers is important to the textile industry, forensic science, fashion designers and historians among others. Identifying fibers involves observing the physical and chemical properties of the fiber for which there are a wide diversity of instruments available. This book provides a comprehensive review of fiber structure, the diversity of instruments available to identify fibers and applicications for a range of industries. The first part of the book examines the main fibers, their structure and characteristics. Part two focuses on methods of fiber identification, ranging from microscopic to DNA analysis. Specific applications, including how textiles are identified in forensic investigations. Identification of textile fibers is an important text for forensic scientists, police and lawyers who may be involved with the use of textile fibers to provide evidence in criminal cases. It will also be relevant for textile designers, technologists and inspectors wishing to assess fiber quality and understand fiber damage. Provides a comprehensive review of the main types of fibre together with their structure, characteristics and identification Assesses methods of fibre identification from optical microscopy to DNA analysis as well as instruments available to identify fibres

Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres

Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres Book
Author : A. R. Bunsell
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-10-19
ISBN : 1845696808
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fibres usually experience tensile loads whether they are used for apparel or technical structures. Their form, which is long and fine, makes them some of the strongest materials available as well as very flexible. This book provides a concise and authoritative overview of tensile behaviour of a wide range of both natural and synthetic fibres used both in textiles and high performance materials. After preliminary chapters that introduce the reader to tensile properties, failure and testing of fibres, the book is split into two parts. Part one examines tensile properties and failure of natural fibres, such as cotton, hemp, wool and silk. Part two discusses the tensile properties and failure of synthetic fibres ranging from polyamide, polyester and polyethylene fibres to carbon fibres. Many chapters also provide a general background to the fibre, including the manufacture, microstructure, factors that affect tensile properties as well as methods to improve tensile failure. With its distinguished editor and array of international contributors, Handbook of tensile properties of textile and technical fibres is an important reference for fibre scientists, textile technologists and engineers, as well as those in academia. Provides an overview of tensile behaviour of a wide range of both natural and synthetic fibres Examines tensile characterisitics, tensile failure of textiles fibres and factors that affect tensile properties Discusses mircostructures and each type of fibre from manufacture to finished product

Handbook of Natural Fibres

Handbook of Natural Fibres Book
Author : Ryszard M Kozłowski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-10-19
ISBN : 0857095501
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Growing awareness of environmental issues has led to increasing demand for goods produced from natural products, including natural fibres. The two-volume Handbook of natural fibres is an indispensible tool in understanding the diverse properties and applications of these important materials. Volume 1: Types, properties and factors affecting breeding and cultivation is an essential guide to a wide range of natural fibres, and highlights key techniques for their improvement. Part one reviews key types and fundamental properties of natural textile fibres. The production, identification and testing of a range of cotton, bast, silk and wool fibres are discussed, alongside bioengineered natural textile fibres. Part two goes on to explore the improvement of natural fibre properties and production through breeding and cultivation, beginning with a discussion of fibrous flax and cotton. Improved natural fibre production through the prevention of fungal growth is explored, along with the use of genetic engineering and biotechnology to enhance desirable characteristics. Finally, the wider impact of natural textile production is discussed, using wild silk enterprise programs as an example. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, the two volumes of the Handbook of natural fibres are essential texts for professionals and academics in textile science and technology. Provides an essential guide to a wide range of natural fibres and highlights key techniques for their improvement Reviews key types and fundamental properties of natural textile fibres, addressing the production, identification and testing of a range of cotton, bast, silk and wool fibres Explores the improvement of natural fibre properties and production through breeding and cultivation, beginning with a discussion of fibrous flax and cotton

Thermal Analysis of Textiles and Fibers

Thermal Analysis of Textiles and Fibers Book
Author : Michael Jaffe,Joseph D. Menczel
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-03-22
ISBN : 0081005814
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermal Analysis of Textiles and Fibers offers systematic and comprehensive coverage of the subject, from the principles of fiber structure and established TA methods, to advanced TA techniques and their application to high-performance fibers and textiles. Thermal analysis is a convenient method for assessing fiber and fabric performance as monitored under end-use relevant conditions. Expertise in this field requires knowledge of both TA methods and of fiber behavior, information that is brought together in this new volume. In recent years, thermal analysis has been applied to a variety of novel and high-performance fibers, such as Kevlar, Vectran, PBI, polyolefins, polypropylene, PAN and PVA, amongst others. TA techniques are also used in fiber identification, characterization and stability testing and may be combined with spectroscopic techniques to yield still more information about fiber properties. Includes chapters on novel and high-performance fibers that are used in assembling technical textiles Covers advanced TA methods, such as combined and modulated techniques Brings together focused information on TA for fibers and textiles that is not otherwise available in a single volume

Forensic Examination of Fibres

Forensic Examination of Fibres Book
Author : James Robertson,Claude Roux,Kenneth G. Wiggins
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-01
ISBN : 1439830711
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In order for forensic fibre examiners to fully utilize fibre and textile evidence during their analysis, they require not only specialised forensic knowledge but also in-depth knowledge of fibres, yarns and fabrics themselves. Production, both the chemical and physical structure, and the properties of these materials is required in order to determine the value of fibre evidence. This includes knowing production figures, fashion changes, sudden arrivals of new materials, dye variability, and numerous other factors that may have a bearing on the information obtained. Fully updated with the latest advances, Forensic Examination of Fibres, Third Edition continues in the tradition of the First (1992) and Second Editions (1999) as the premier text on the subject of forensic fibre analysis. The international team of contributing authors detail the recovery of the evidence—through the different stages of laboratory examination—to the evaluation of the meaning of findings. The coverage has been considerably expanded, and all material, has been revised and wholly updated. Topics covered include examining damaged textiles, infrared microspectroscopy and thin layer chomatography, and colour analyses. This edition also highlights the critical role of quality assurance in ensuring the reliability of the technical observations and results, and, in doing so, looks at the implications of supervisory managers and labs in the accurate and responsible analysis of such evidence. Features include: Outlining evidentiary process from collecting and preserving the evidence at the crime scene through the laboratory analysis of fibres Detailing the latest developments and emerging technologies including Kevlar and other such advances in fibre technology Coverage of a broad array of fibres both, natural (cellulose, protein, and mineral) and man-made fibres including synthetic, inorganic and regenerated Forensic Examination of Fibres, Third Edition is a much-needed update to the classic book, serving as an indispensable reference to crime scene technicians, laboratory forensic scientists and microscopists, students in police, forensic, and justice science programs.

Fundamentals of Natural Fibres and Textiles

Fundamentals of Natural Fibres and Textiles Book
Author : Md. Ibrahim H. Mondal
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-03-20
ISBN : 0128214848
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The textile industry is focused in its search for alternative green fibres with the aim of providing high-quality products which are fully recyclable and biodegradable. Natural textile materials from renewable sources play an increasingly important role in the industry due to their unique properties and functionality over synthetic fibres, as well as their sustainability. Fundamentals of Natural Fibres and Textiles covers all the fundamental and basic information about natural fibres and textiles. Many different fibres are covered from their origin, through processing, properties, and applications. The latest methods for characterisation and testing of natural fibres are all addressed with reference to cutting-edge industry trends. This uniquely comprehensive approach to the topic provides the ideal entry point to natural fibres for textile and clothing scientists, engineers, designers, researchers, students, and manufacturers of such products. Explains the characteristics of natural fibres to show how they compare to synthetic fibres for a range of purposes Provides an overview of the environmental impact of the processing of fibres and how this creates industrial waste Covers a wide range of natural fibres in detail, from traditional silk and wool to electrospun biopolymers Provides the latest updates on technologies for designing natural fibres and applying them to the development of new products

Fibers for Technical Textiles

Fibers for Technical Textiles Book
Author : Sheraz Ahmad,Abher Rasheed,Yasir Nawab
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-21
ISBN : 3030492249
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the properties of fibres used in manufacturing technical textiles, highlighting the importance of material selection in terms of cost, end-user requirements and properties. It also discusses the classification of technical textiles, and describes the details of each category, such as the properties, applications, advantages and drawbacks. As such, it is a valuable resource for all those interested in advanced textiles.

Experiments in Textile and Fibre Chemistry

Experiments in Textile and Fibre Chemistry Book
Author : Christopher Earland,David J. Raven
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483279901
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Experiments in Textile and Fiber Chemistry focuses on selected experiments in the chemistry of fibrous polymers and ancillary materials designed primarily for undergraduate students in technical colleges, polytechnics, and universities. The book first reviews the determination of 'available' chlorine in sodium hypochlorite solution, hardness of water, and estimation of iron in water. The text also ponders on the determination of the saponification and iodine values of oils, use of the pH meter, and use of pH indicators and acid-base titrations. The publication examines the determination of the nitrogen content of organic substances by the Kjeldahl method; separation of amino acids by paper chromatography and paper electrophoresis; and thin layer chromatography. Identification of N-terminal amino acids by the 'Dansyl' method; supercontraction of wool; rendering wool resistant to acid dyeing; effect of breaking disulfide cross-links in wool; and the formation of lanthionine linkages in wool are discussed. The text is a valuable reference for textile and fiber experts interested in the chemistry of fibrous polymers and ancillary materials.

Microscopy of Textile Fibres

Microscopy of Textile Fibres Book
Author : P H Greaves,B P Saville
Publisher : Garland Science
Release : 2020-08-13
ISBN : 1000144720
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An up-to-date practical guide to the properties and characteristics of textile fibres, with clear advice on sampling, specimen preparation and examination procedures.

Textile Fiber Microscopy

Textile Fiber Microscopy Book
Author : Ivana Markova
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-02-20
ISBN : 1119320070
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A groundbreaking text to the study of textile fibers that bridges the knowledge gap between fiber shape and end uses Textile Fiber Microscopy offers an important and comprehensive guide to the study of textile fibers and contains a unique text that prioritizes a review of fibers’ microstructure, macrostructure and chemical composition. The author – a noted expert in the field – details many fiber types and includes all the possible fiber shapes with a number of illustrative micrographs. The author explores a wealth of topics such as fiber end uses, fiber source and production, a history of each fiber and the sustainability of the various fibers. The text includes a review of environmentally friendly fibers and contains information on the most current fiber science by putting the focus on fibers that have been mechanically or chemically recycled, for use in textile production. The author also offers an exploration of issues of textile waste and the lack of textile recycling that can help public policymakers with ways to inform and regulate post-industrial and post-consumer textile waste issues. This vital guide: Contains an accompanied micrograph for many fibers presented Includes information on how fiber microstructure is connected to fabric properties and how it affects the end use of fabrics Offers a review of the sophistication of textile fibers from a scientific point of view Presents a comparative textile fiber review that is appropriate for both for students, textile experts and forensic scientists Written for students and professionals of apparel design and merchandising, and forensic scientists, Textile Fiber Microscopy presents an important review of textile fibers from a unique perspective that explores fibers’ microstructure, macrostructure and chemical composition.

Handbook of Textile Fibres

Handbook of Textile Fibres Book
Author : J Gordon Cook
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1984-01-01
ISBN : 1845693159
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive survey of the natural fibres animal, vegetable and mineral on which we depended for our textiles until comparatively recently.

Textile Fiber Atlas a Collection of Photomicrographs of Common Textile Fibers

Textile Fiber Atlas  a Collection of Photomicrographs of Common Textile Fibers Book
Author : Werner 1897- Von Bergen,Walter Krauss
Publisher : Hassell Street Press
Release : 2021-09-09
ISBN : 9781014003652
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. To ensure a quality reading experience, this work has been proofread and republished using a format that seamlessly blends the original graphical elements with text in an easy-to-read typeface. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Textile Fiber Products Identification Act

Textile Fiber Products Identification Act Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1957
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Textile Fiber Products Identification Act book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Physical Properties of Textile Fibres

Physical Properties of Textile Fibres Book
Author : J. W. S. Hearle,W E Morton
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-10-10
ISBN : 1845694422
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First published in 1962, and now in its fourth edition, Physical properties of textile fibres has become a classic, providing the standard reference on key aspects of fibre performance. The new edition has been substantially reorganised and revised to reflect new research. After introductory chapters on fibre structure, testing and sampling, the book reviews key fibre properties, their technical significance, factors affecting these properties and measurement issues. Each chapter covers both natural and synthetic fibres, including high-performance fibres. The book first reviews properties such as fineness, length and density. It then considers thermal properties and reaction to moisture. A further group of chapters then reviews tensile properties, thermo-mechanical responses, fibre breakage and fatigue. Finally, the book discusses dielectric properties, electrical resistance and static, optical properties and fibre friction. Written by one of the world’s leading authorities, the fourth edition of Physical properties of textile fibres consolidates its reputation as a standard work both for those working in the textile industry and those teaching and studying textile science. A standard reference on key aspects of fibre performance An essential read and reference for textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and those in academia Provides substantial updated material on fibre structure and new test methods, data and theories regarding properties of textile fibres

List of English translated Chinese standards FZ

List of English translated Chinese standards    FZ    Book
Author : https://www.codeofchina.com
Publisher : https://www.codeofchina.com
Release : 2023-02-06
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

HTTPS://WWW.CODEOFCHINA.COM EMAIL:COC@CODEOFCHINA.COM "Codeofchina Inc., a part of TransForyou (Beijing) Translation Co., Ltd., is a professional Chinese code translator in China. Now, Codeofchina Inc. is running a professional Chinese code website, www.codeofchina.com. Through this website, Codeofchina Inc. provides English-translated Chinese codes to clients worldwide. About TransForyou TransForyou (Beijing) Translation Co., Ltd., established in 2003, is a reliable language service provider for clients at home and abroad. Since our establishment, TransForyou has been aiming to build up a translation brand with our professional dedicated service. Currently, TransForyou is the director of China Association of Engineering Construction Standardization (CECS); the committeeman of Localization Service Committee / Translators Association of China (TAC) and the member of Boya Translation Culture Salon (BTCS); and the field study center of the University of the University of International Business & Economics (UIBE) and Hebei University (HU). In 2016, TransForyou ranked 27th among Asian Language Service Providers by Common Sense Advisory. "

Identification of Vegetable Fibres

Identification of Vegetable Fibres Book
Author : D. Catling
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401180709
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is often possible to identify fragments of plants by studying their microscopical characteristics. The recognition of a single feature very rarely establishes the plant's identity; more often, it is necessary to recognize a unique combination of characteris tics. For plant identification, the most valuable characteristics are those least likely to be affected by changes in environment; if the feature is uncommon as well as stable, it is even more useful. Good descriptions of the anatomy of plants are invaluable. For example, The Identifi cation of Hardwoods (Brazier and Franklin, 1961), together with its punched card key, is an excellent book which is useful in practice. Characters describing the sc1erenchyma account for only three places in this key. Using only these characters, it would be impossible to identify a timber. Is it possible then, to identify a species given only sc1erenchyma in the form of a commercial fibre? If it is possible, it is not easy. Although, for many purposes, plant fibres are being replaced by man-made fibres, vegetable fibres are still used, particularly in sacking and cordage and in some indus trial materials. Articles which must be examined in a forensic science laboratory are not always of recent manufacture and archaeologists and historians are interested in older materials. Therefore, it is still necessary for many workers to identify the plant species from which fibres have been extracted.

Bast and Other Plant Fibres

Bast and Other Plant Fibres Book
Author : Robert R. Franck
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-04-07
ISBN : 9780849325977
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental concerns have regenerated interest in the use of natural fibers for a much wider variety of products, including high-tech applications such as geotextiles, and composite materials for automotive and light industry use. Covering minor as well as major fibers produced worldwide, Bast and Other Plant Fibers analyzes flax, hemp, jute, kenaf, ramie, sisal, coir, and nettle, and provides an index of fiber-yielding plants. Each chapter examining chemical and physical structure, fiber, yarn and fabric production, dying, handle and wear characteristics, economics, and environmental, health and safety issues. A comprehensive set of tables makes it easy to compare the physical and chemical characteristics of different fibers.

MICROSCOPY OF TEXTILE FIBRES

MICROSCOPY OF TEXTILE FIBRES Book
Author : P. H. Greaves,B. P. Saville,Royal Microscopical Society (Great Britain)
Publisher : Garland Science
Release : 1995-05-31
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This practical guide provides an up-to-date description of the properties and characteristics of textile fibres which may be investigated using different forms of microscopy. The book offers clear guidance on sampling, specimen preparation and examination procedures, including identification and measurement of fibres, analysis of speciality fibres, polarized light microscopy, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, and confocal and infrared microscopy. Microscopy of Textile Fibres is written with current technological and commercial requirements in mind, and is essential reading for textile technologists, fibre scientists, and any microscopists called upon to examine textile materials. It will also be of interest to forensic scientists, materials analysts and textile historians.