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Identification And Quantification Of Drugs Metabolites Drug Metabolizing Enzymes And Transporters

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Identification and Quantification of Drugs Metabolites Drug Metabolizing Enzymes and Transporters

Identification and Quantification of Drugs  Metabolites  Drug Metabolizing Enzymes  and Transporters Book
Author : Shuguang Ma,Swapan Chowdhury
Publisher : Elsevier Science
Release : 2020-07-24
ISBN : 0128200189
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Identification and Quantification of Drugs, Metabolites, Drug Metabolizing Enzymes, and Transporters, Second Edition, is completely updated to provide an overview of the last decade's numerous advances in analytical technologies for detection and quantification of drugs, metabolites, and biomarkers. This new edition goes beyond LC-MS and features all-new chapters on how to evaluate drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion, potential for hepatic and renal toxicity, immunogenicity of biotherapeutics and translational tools for predicting human dosage, safety and efficacy of small molecules and biologics. This book will be an important handbook and desk reference for pharmacologists, toxicologists, clinical scientists, and students interested in the fields of pharmacology, biochemistry, and drug metabolism. Four sections in the book with 24 chapters give readers an overview of state-of-the-art techniques for identifying and quantifying drugs, metabolites and biomarkers, including a chapter on new approaches for quantification of enzymes and transporters in different tissues Focuses on the role of drug metabolism enzymes, transporters in disposition and drug-drug interactions, as well as strategies for evaluating drug metabolism and safety using advanced liver and kidney models. Discussions on immunogenicity risks of biologics and their evaluation methods have been included Includes several chapters on advanced translational sciences to predict human dosage, pharmacokinetics and efficacy for small molecules and biotherapeutics All chapters are written by experts with a wide range of practical experience from the industry and academia

Identification and Quantification of Drugs Metabolites and Metabolizing Enzymes by LC MS

Identification and Quantification of Drugs  Metabolites and Metabolizing Enzymes by LC MS Book
Author : Swapan Chowdhury
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-11-04
ISBN : 9780080456065
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As new techniques of transferring from liquid to gas phase and measuring masses of drug molecules and metabolites become more prevalent, so do the technical challenges of putting these techniques into proper use, as well as the task of consolidating emerging applications. Identification and Quantification of Drugs, Metabolites and Metabolizing Enzymes by LC-MS, Volume 6 fills the gap in the lack of presently available literature by providing a critical review in the current use of liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) in drug discovery and development. With chapters written by experts with a wide range of practical experience from the pharmaceutical industry, emphasis is placed on techniques and applications. The book also includes chapters on how to utilize LC-MS instrumentation for current drug metabolism problems. This book is intended for those beginning to use LC-MS for drug metabolism studies as well as for those considered advanced practitioners. * Introduces readers to the practical applications of modern liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) in a wide range of drug metabolism studies· * Provides a comprehensive description of different forms of metabolites, with detailed discussion on the wide range of methodologies used to identify them * Highlights problems associated with drug quantification and offers practical solutions

Identification and Quantification of Drugs Metabolites Drug Metabolizing Enzymes and Transporters

Identification and Quantification of Drugs  Metabolites  Drug Metabolizing Enzymes  and Transporters Book
Author : Shuguang Ma,Swapan Chowdhury
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-07-09
ISBN : 0128200197
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Identification and Quantification of Drugs, Metabolites, Drug Metabolizing Enzymes, and Transporters, Second Edition, is completely updated to provide an overview of the last decade’s numerous advances in analytical technologies for detection and quantification of drugs, metabolites, and biomarkers. This new edition goes beyond LC-MS and features all-new chapters on how to evaluate drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion, potential for hepatic and renal toxicity, immunogenicity of biotherapeutics and translational tools for predicting human dosage, safety and efficacy of small molecules and biologics. This book will be an important handbook and desk reference for pharmacologists, toxicologists, clinical scientists, and students interested in the fields of pharmacology, biochemistry, and drug metabolism. Four sections in the book with 24 chapters give readers an overview of state-of-the-art techniques for identifying and quantifying drugs, metabolites and biomarkers, including a chapter on new approaches for quantification of enzymes and transporters in different tissues Focuses on the role of drug metabolism enzymes, transporters in disposition and drug-drug interactions, as well as strategies for evaluating drug metabolism and safety using advanced liver and kidney models. Discussions on immunogenicity risks of biologics and their evaluation methods have been included Includes several chapters on advanced translational sciences to predict human dosage, pharmacokinetics and efficacy for small molecules and biotherapeutics All chapters are written by experts with a wide range of practical experience from the industry and academia

Mass Spectrometry in Drug Metabolism and Disposition

Mass Spectrometry in Drug Metabolism and Disposition Book
Author : Mike S. Lee,Mingshe Zhu
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-03-16
ISBN : 9780470934692
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines the background, industrial context, process, analytical methodology, and technology of metabolite identification. It emphasizes the applications of metabolite identification in drug research. While primarily a textbook, the book also functions as a comprehensive reference to those in the industry. The authors have worked closely together and combine complementary backgrounds to bring technical and cultural awareness to this very important endeavor while serving to address needs within academia and industry It also contains a variety of problem sets following specific sections in the text.

Drug Transporters

Drug Transporters Book
Author : Martin F. Fromm,Richard B. Kim
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-11-19
ISBN : 3642145418
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is increasingly recognized that various transporter proteins are expressed throughout the body and determine absorption, tissue distribution, biliary and renal elimination of endogenous compounds and drugs and drug effects. This book will give an overview on the transporter families which are most important for drug therapy. Most chapters will focus on one transporter family highlighting tissue expression, substrates, inhibitors, knock-out mouse models and clinical studies.

Transporters and Drug Metabolizing Enzymes in Drug Toxicity

Transporters and Drug Metabolizing Enzymes in Drug Toxicity Book
Author : Albert P. Li
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-06-29
ISBN : 1119170990
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of the relationship between drug metabolism enzymes and transporters on drug toxicity, along with methods to investigate their role on adverse drug reactions. Unites both the metabolism and transporter components of drug toxicity – two aspects not normally connected and the latter often neglected Familiarizes readers with the mechanism and species differences in drug metabolizing enzymes and transporters Discusses promising approaches to accurately predict human drug toxicity via the incorporation of human drug metabolism in toxicity evaluation

Cerebral endothelial and glial cells are more than bricks in the Great Wall of the brain insights into the way the blood brain barrier actually works Celebrating the centenary of Goldman s experiments

Cerebral endothelial and glial cells are more than bricks in the Great Wall of the brain  insights into the way the blood brain barrier actually works  Celebrating the centenary of Goldman   s experiments  Book
Author : Elena García-Martín,George E. Barreto,José A. G. Agúndez,Rubem C. A. Guedes,Ramon Santos El-Bachá
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2015-07-02
ISBN : 2889195724
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

When Ehrlich discovered the first evidence of the blood-brain barrier in 1885, he probably did not perceive the Great Wall that remained hidden from consciousness inside the central nervous system. Ehrlich had observed that acidic vital dyes did not stain the brain if they were injected into the blood stream. A century ago (1913), Goldman showed that the injection of trypan blue in the cerebrospinal fluid stained only the brain, but not the other organs. For almost a century it was thought that the blood-brain barrier (BBB) consisted in a physical barrier, resulting from the restricted permeability of the cerebral endothelial cell layer, as they are joined by tight junctions. However, as scientists are always looking for news in what is already discovered, in the end of the 20th century we had evidences that cerebral endothelial and glial cells express several drug metabolizing enzymes consisting in a second protection system: a metabolic barrier. Furthermore, the drugs and their metabolites must overcome the activity of several multidrug resistance proteins that function as ATP-dependent efflux pumps, consisting in the third line of defence: the active barrier. Therefore, the way the BBB actually works should be better explained. Several endogenous compounds, as well as xenobiotics, may be activated by enzymes of the metabolic barrier, generating reactive oxygen species that could damage neurons. Therefore, endothelial and glial cells possess endogenous protecting compounds and enzymes against oxidants, consisting in an antioxidant barrier. When all these systems fail, glial cells, mainly microglia, secrete cytokines in an attempt to crosstalk with defence cells asking for help, which consists in an immune barrier. In cerebral regions that are devoid of the physical barrier, such as circumventricular organs, the metabolic, active, antioxidant and immune barriers are reinforced. It is important to understand how cells involved in the BBB interact with one another and the dynamic mechanisms of their functions. This Research Topic published in this e-Book considers recent highlights in BBB structure, cell and molecular biology, biotransformation, physiology, pathology, pharmacology, immunology and how these basic knowledges can be applied in drug discovery and clinical researches, rewriting what is already written, and paving the way that goes to the Great Wall in the Frontiers of the Brain in this new century that is just beginning.

Drug Metabolism in Drug Design and Development

Drug Metabolism in Drug Design and Development Book
Author : Donglu Zhang,Mingshe Zhu,William G. Humphreys
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2007-11-16
ISBN : 9780470191682
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The essentials of drug metabolism vital to developing new therapeutic entities Information on the metabolism and disposition of candidate drugs is a critical part of all aspects of the drug discovery and development process. Drug metabolism, as practiced in the pharmaceutical industry today, is a complex, multidisciplinary field that requires knowledge of sophisticated analytical technologies and expertise in mechanistic and kinetic enzymology, organic reaction mechanism, pharmacokinetic analysis, animal physiology, basic chemical toxicology, preclinical pharmacology, and molecular biology. With chapters contributed by experts in their specific areas, this reference covers: * Basic concepts of drug metabolism * The role of drug metabolism in the pharmaceutical industry * Analytical techniques in drug metabolism * Common experimental approaches and protocols Drug Metabolism in Drug Design and Development emphasizes practical considerations such as the data needed, the experiments and analytical methods typically employed, and the interpretation and application of data. Chapters highlight facts, common protocols, detailed experimental designs, applications, and limitations of techniques. This is a comprehensive, hands-on reference for drug metabolism researchers as well as other professionals involved in pre-clinical drug discovery and development.

Drug Metabolism Handbook

Drug Metabolism Handbook Book
Author : Ala F. Nassar,Paul F. Hollenberg,JoAnn Scatina,Soumen Kanti Manna,Su Zeng
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-11-18
ISBN : 1119851033
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive explanation of drug metabolism concepts and applications in drug development and cancer treatment In the newly revised second edition of Drug Metabolism Handbook: Concepts and Applications in Cancer Research, a distinguished team of researchers delivers an incisive and robust exploration of the drug metabolism system and a well-illustrated and detailed explanation of the latest tools and techniques used in the research, pharmacology, and medicine. The book discusses the creation of new molecular entities, drug development, troubleshooting, and other highly relevant concepts, guiding readers through new applications in pharmaceutical research, development, and assessment. The latest edition offers updated content on metabolism basics and the application of a variety of new techniques to cancer treatment, including mass spectrometry, imaging, metabolomics, and immunotherapy. It also offers in-depth case studies highlighting the role of metabolism in drug development. Readers will also benefit from: A thorough introduction to drug metabolism, including a historical perspective, factors affecting metabolism, and biotransformations in drug metabolism Comprehensive discussions of technologies for in vitro and in vivo studies, including mass spectrometry and accelerating metabolite identification with mass spectrometry In-depth explorations of drug interactions, including discussions of enzyme inhibition and the characterization of cytochrome P450 mechanism-based inhibition Fulsome treatments of drug toxicity, including the role of drug metabolism in toxicity, and allergic reactions to drugs Perfect for medicinal chemists, pharmaceutical scientists, and toxicologists, Drug Metabolism Handbook: Concepts and Applications in Cancer Research, Second Edition will also earn a place in the libraries of analytical chemists and drug discovery professionals.

Drug Metabolism Pharmacokinetics and Bioanalysis

Drug Metabolism  Pharmacokinetics and Bioanalysis Book
Author : Hye Suk Lee,Kwang-Hyeon Liu
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-06-12
ISBN : 3038979163
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drug metabolism/pharmacokinetics and drug interaction studies have been extensively carried out in order to secure the druggability and safety of new chemical entities throughout the development of new drugs. Recently, drug metabolism and transport by phase II drug metabolizing enzymes and drug transporters, respectively, as well as phase I drug metabolizing enzymes, have been studied. A combination of biochemical advances in the function and regulation of drug metabolizing enzymes and automated analytical technologies are revolutionizing drug metabolism research. There are also potential drug–drug interactions with co-administered drugs due to inhibition and/or induction of drug metabolic enzymes and drug transporters. In addition, drug interaction studies have been actively performed to develop substrate cocktails that do not interfere with each other and a simultaneous analytical method of substrate drugs and their metabolites using a tandem mass spectrometer. This Special Issue has the aim of highlighting current progress in drug metabolism/pharmacokinetics, drug interactions, and bioanalysis.

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis Book
Author : Michael F. L'Annunziata
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-03-07
ISBN : 0128143967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis: Radiation Physics and Detectors, Volume One, and Radioanalytical Applications, Volume Two, Fourth Edition, constitute an authoritative reference on the principles, practical techniques and procedures for the accurate measurement of radioactivity - everything from the very low levels encountered in the environment, to higher levels measured in radioisotope research, clinical laboratories, biological sciences, radionuclide standardization, nuclear medicine, nuclear power, and fuel cycle facilities, and in the implementation of nuclear forensic analysis and nuclear safeguards. It includes sample preparation techniques for all types of matrices found in the environment, including soil, water, air, plant matter and animal tissue, and surface swipes. Users will find the latest advances in the applications of radioactivity analysis across various fields, including environmental monitoring, radiochemical standardization, high-resolution beta imaging, automated radiochemical separation, nuclear forensics, and more. Spans two volumes, Radiation Physics and Detectors and Radioanalytical Applications Includes a new chapter on the analysis of environmental radionuclides Provides the latest advances in the applications of liquid and solid scintillation analysis, alpha- and gamma spectrometry, mass spectrometric analysis, Cherenkov counting, flow-cell radionuclide analysis, radionuclide standardization, aerosol analysis, high-resolution beta imaging techniques, analytical techniques in nuclear forensics, and nuclear safeguards Describes the timesaving techniques of computer-controlled automatic separation and activity analysis of radionuclides Provides an extensive table of the radiation characteristics of most radionuclides of interest for the radioanalytical chemist

Reactive Drug Metabolites

Reactive Drug Metabolites Book
Author : Amit S. Kalgutkar,Deepak Dalvie,R. Scott Obach,Dennis A. Smith
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-09-06
ISBN : 352765576X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Closing a gap in the scientifi c literature, this first comprehensive introduction to the topic is based on current best practice in one of the largest pharmaceutical companies worldwide. The first chapters trace the development of our understanding of drug metabolite toxicity, covering basic concepts and techniques in the process, while the second part details chemical toxicophores that are prone to reactive metabolite formation. This section also reviews the various drug-metabolizing enzymes that can participate in catalyzing reactive metabolite formation, including a discussion of the structure-toxicity relationships for drugs. Two chapters are dedicated to the currently hot topics of herbal constituents and IADRs. The next part covers current strategies and approaches to evaluate the reactive metabolite potential of new drug candidates, both by predictive and by bioanalytical methods. There then follows an in-depth analysis of the toxicological potential of the top 200 prescription drugs, illustrating the power and the limits of the toxicophore concept, backed by numerous case studies. Finally, a risk-benefi t approach to managing the toxicity risk of reactive metabolite-prone drugs is presented. Since the authors carefully develop the knowledge needed, from fundamental considerations to current industry standards, no degree in pharmacology is required to read this book, making it perfect for medicinal chemists without in-depth pharmacology training.

Textbook of Personalized Medicine

Textbook of Personalized Medicine Book
Author : Kewal K. Jain
Publisher : Humana Press
Release : 2015-03-17
ISBN : 1493925539
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in the technology used in personalized medicine and increased applications for clinical use have created a need for this expansion and revision of Kewal K. Jain’s Textbook of Personalized Medicine. As the first definitive work on this topic, this book reviews the fundamentals and development of personalized medicine and subsequent adoptions of the concepts by the biopharmaceutical industry and the medical profession. It also discusses examples of applications in key therapeutic areas, as well as ethical and regulatory issues, providing a concise and comprehensive source of reference for those involved in healthcare management, planning and politics. Algorithms are included as a guide to those involved in the management of important diseases where decision-making is involved due to the multiple choices available. Textbook of Personalized Medicine, Second Edition will serve as a convenient source of information for physicians, scientists, decision makers in the biopharmaceutical and healthcare industries and interested members of the public.

TOF MS Within Food and Environmental Analysis

TOF MS Within Food and Environmental Analysis Book
Author : Amadeo Rodriguez Fernandez-Alba
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-09-06
ISBN : 0444538100
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New developments in mass spectrometry have allowed routine identification and lowered limits of detection at levels only imagined a decade ago. Thousands of contaminants and residues in the food supply and the environment are now being reported. Between 2005 and 2010, more than 5,000 publications covering TOF-MS and environmental and food analysis were published, showing the importance of the technique in these applications. This book covers the basic principles of method development in GC- and LC-TOF-MS as well as the main operational parameters related to TOF-MS. The second part focuses on the relevant environmental applications, including quality control aspects as well as data collection. The third part is devoted to relevant applications in food analysis, including validation procedures for screening analysis as well as relevant databases. Outlines basic concepts and principles of gas and liquid chromatography TOF-MS and its application in food analysis Includes quality control and data collection techniques Focuses on environmental implications and safety concerns

Mass Spectrometry in Drug Metabolism and Disposition

Mass Spectrometry in Drug Metabolism and Disposition Book
Author : Mike S. Lee,Mingshe Zhu
Publisher : Wiley
Release : 2011-05-24
ISBN : 9780470401965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines the background, industrial context, process, analytical methodology, and technology of metabolite identification. It emphasizes the applications of metabolite identification in drug research. While primarily a textbook, the book also functions as a comprehensive reference to those in the industry. The authors have worked closely together and combine complementary backgrounds to bring technical and cultural awareness to this very important endeavor while serving to address needs within academia and industry It also contains a variety of problem sets following specific sections in the text.

The Handbook of Medicinal Chemistry

The Handbook of Medicinal Chemistry Book
Author : Andrew Davis,Simon E Ward
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2015-07-07
ISBN : 1782621830
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drug discovery is a constantly developing and expanding area of research. Developed to provide a comprehensive guide, the Handbook of Medicinal Chemistry covers the past, present and future of the entire drug development process. Highlighting the recent successes and failures in drug discovery, the book helps readers to understand the factors governing modern drug discovery from the initial concept through to a marketed medicine. With chapters covering a wide range of topics from drug discovery processes and optimization, development of synthetic routes, pharmaceutical properties and computational biology, the handbook aims to enable medicinal chemists to apply their academic understanding to every aspect of drug discovery. Each chapter includes expert advice to not only provide a rigorous understanding of the principles being discussed, but to provide useful hints and tips gained from within the pharmaceutical industry. This expertise, combined with project case studies, highlighting and discussing all areas of successful projects, make this an essential handbook for all those involved in pharmaceutical development.

Biochemistry of Drug Metabolizing Enzymes

Biochemistry of Drug Metabolizing Enzymes Book
Author : Muhammad Sajid Hamid Akash,Kanwal Rehman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-05-28
ISBN : 032395121X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biochemistry of Drug Metabolizing Enzymes: Trends and Challenges is a complete and well-integrated reference on their mechanisms of action, their role in diseases, agents responsible for their deactivation, and their malfunction. Chapters explain the biochemistry of DMEs, including biochemical activation, functions, computational approaches, different contaminants on the action and function of DMEs, and describe the importance of DMEs in the drug development process. Conditions covered include metabolic diseases, cardiovascular diseases, neurological diseases, physiological diseases, xenobiotics and inflammatory responses, and their contribution in the malfunctioning of drug metabolizing enzymes. This book is the perfect resource for pharmacology and biochemistry researchers to understand the principles of DMEs. Researchers in the corporate environment will also benefit from the comprehensive list of diseases associated with malfunction of DMEs. Includes extensive classification of DMEs, their mechanism of action and computational analysis Covers the biotransformation of drug by DMEs and the possible impact of environmental contaminants Discusses the activity of DMEs in different clinical conditions such as cardiovascular disease, metabolic disorders, inflammation and neurotoxicity Includes modern and novel bioanalytical techniques to predict the effect of DMEs

Drug Discovery and Evaluation Safety and Pharmacokinetic Assays

Drug Discovery and Evaluation  Safety and Pharmacokinetic Assays Book
Author : H. Gerhard Vogel,Jochen Maas,Franz J. Hock,Dieter Mayer
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2013-02-27
ISBN : 9783642252396
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

-A landmark in the continuously changing world of drugs -Essential reading for scientists and managers in the pharmaceutical industry involved in drug finding, drug development and decision making in the development process -Of use for government institutions and committees working on official guidelines for drug evaluation worldwide

The Organic Chemistry of Drug Design and Drug Action

The Organic Chemistry of Drug Design and Drug Action Book
Author : Richard B. Silverman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0080513379
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Standard medicinal chemistry courses and texts are organized by classes of drugs with an emphasis on descriptions of their biological and pharmacological effects. This book represents a new approach based on physical organic chemical principles and reaction mechanisms that allow the reader to extrapolate to many related classes of drug molecules. The Second Edition reflects the significant changes in the drug industry over the past decade, and includes chapter problems and other elements that make the book more useful for course instruction. New edition includes new chapter problems and exercises to help students learn, plus extensive references and illustrations Clearly presents an organic chemist's perspective of how drugs are designed and function, incorporating the extensive changes in the drug industry over the past ten years Well-respected author has published over 200 articles, earned 21 patents, and invented a drug that is under consideration for commercialization

Chromatographic Techniques in the Forensic Analysis of Designer Drugs

Chromatographic Techniques in the Forensic Analysis of Designer Drugs Book
Author : Teresa Kowalska,Mieczyslaw Sajewicz,Joseph Sherma
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-01-31
ISBN : 1315313162
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is a dramatic rise of novel drug use due to the increased popularity of so-called designer drugs. These synthetic drugs can be illegal in some countries, but legal in others and novel compounds unknown to drug chemistry emerge monthly. This thoughtfully constructed edited reference presents the main chromatographic methodologies and strategies used to discover and analyze novel designer drugs contained in diverse biological materials. The methods are based on molecular characteristics of the drugs belonging to each individual class of compounds, so it will be clear how the current methods are adaptable to future new drugs that appear in the market.