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Iberia Land Of Glaciers

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Iberia Land of Glaciers

Iberia  Land of Glaciers Book
Author : Marc Oliva,David Palacios,José M. Fernández-Fernández
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-09-22
ISBN : 0128219696
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Iberia, Land of Glaciers: How The Mountains Were Shaped By Glaciers discusses the impact of past glaciers in the current landscape of Iberia. Currently, there are only small glaciers in the highest peaks of the Pyrenees that are the legacy of the last cold period that ended at the end of the 19th century: The Little Ice Age. However, an accurate observation of the landscape of the highest peaks and adjacent valleys of the Iberian Peninsula reveals a past shaped by the successive passage of glaciers with hundreds of meters of ice, similar to what happens today in the Alps or Patagonia. Iberian glaciation has resulted in ice expansion through valleys that are now used by the road network and where important populations settle; in addition, large accumulations of sediments deposited by those glaciers are still unstable today and can trigger risks for mountain populations. Iberia, Land of Glaciers presents the impact of the glaciers in the landscape of mountains following a more educational perspective with examples of 21 Iberian massifs written by specialists from each of the areas. Assesses present-day Iberian Peninsula landscape trends by understanding the past behavior of glaciers Includes the latest findings of all the major Iberian mountains in a single book Includes quality, color figures to enhance understanding of glacier formations Provides a more educational and pedagogical perspective on glacial processes to reach an audience beyond academia

Iberia Land of Glaciers

Iberia  Land of Glaciers Book
Author : Marc Oliva,David Palacios,José M. Fernández-Fernández
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-09-22
ISBN : 0128219416
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Iberia, Land of Glaciers: How The Mountains Were Shaped By Glaciers discusses the impact of past glaciers in the current landscape of Iberia. Currently, there are only small glaciers in the highest peaks of the Pyrenees that are the legacy of the last cold period that ended at the end of the 19th century: The Little Ice Age. However, an accurate observation of the landscape of the highest peaks and adjacent valleys of the Iberian Peninsula reveals a past shaped by the successive passage of glaciers with hundreds of meters of ice, similar to what happens today in the Alps or Patagonia. Iberian glaciation has resulted in ice expansion through valleys that are now used by the road network and where important populations settle; in addition, large accumulations of sediments deposited by those glaciers are still unstable today and can trigger risks for mountain populations. Iberia, Land of Glaciers presents the impact of the glaciers in the landscape of mountains following a more educational perspective with examples of 21 Iberian massifs written by specialists from each of the areas. Assesses present-day Iberian Peninsula landscape trends by understanding the past behavior of glaciers Includes the latest findings of all the major Iberian mountains in a single book Includes quality, color figures to enhance understanding of glacier formations Provides a more educational and pedagogical perspective on glacial processes to reach an audience beyond academia

European Glacial Landscapes

European Glacial Landscapes Book
Author : David Palacios,Philip D. Hughes,Jose M. Garcia-Ruiz,Nuria de Andrés
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-09-26
ISBN : 0323985114
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

European Glacial Landscapes: The Role of Glaciers in Shaping the Landscape of Europe During the Last Deglaciation brings together relevant experts on the history of glaciers and their impact on the landscape of the main European regions. The European glaciers ended their maximum expansion of the Last Glacial Cycleapproximately 20,000 years ago, when ice-sheets covered all the Scandinavian countries, Finland, much of the British Isles, the shores of the Baltic Sea and Central-Europe until roughly the present Rhine River. The glaciers covered also large areas of the main European mountains, such as the Urals, the Carpathians, the Alps, the Balkans, the Pyrenees, etc. Glaciers were also present even in the southernmost mountains, sometimes forming remarkable ice caps with cirque glaciers on relatively low mountains bordering the Mediterranean Sea. Soon after the Last Glacial Maximum from around 20,000 years ago a rapid process of glacial retreat began throughout Europe, which was interrupted several times by abrupt cooling of the climate, which caused rapid, though limited, re-advance of the glaciers, until the beginning of the Holocene, 11,700 years ago when climate became relatively stable and warm. These successive glacial advances and retreats during the Last Deglaciation have shaped much of the European landscape, reflecting abrupt climatic fluctuations. The Last deglaciation is especially important for the landscape of Europe because the evidence is so well-preserved since it records the most recent evidence of the Pleistocene ice age. In recent decades, research on the origin and age of the resulting glacial landforms has greatly improved in many regions of Europe. In addition, the evolution of the climate is becoming better known through detailed analysis of lacustrine and marine sediments, and Greenland ice cores. As our knowledge on abrupt climate changes since the Last Glacial Maximum progresses, new uncertainties arise that are critical for understanding (i) the influence of atmospheric and oceanic currents on palaeoclimates and their spatial representation; (ii) the existence of asynchronies in the timing of occurrence of ice masses expansion and shrinkage; (iii) the time lags between oceanic and atmospheric changes, on one hand, and changes in precipitation and temperature patterns, on the other; (iv) the way in which climate changes disseminate through Europe and, consequently, the lag between climate changes and the expansion or contraction of glaciers; (v) the role of the large continental ice-sheets on the European climate, and particularly on the response of mountain glaciers, with special reference to the Mediterranean mountains. All these contributions are included in this book, in which the reader will find a complete review organized according to the main climatic periods of the so-called Termination 1 the important Late Pleistocene-Holocene transition. Provides a synthesis that highlights the main similarities or differences, through both space and time, during the Last Deglaciation of Europe Features research from experts in palaeo-climatology, palaeo-oceanography and palaeo-glaciology on the Last Deglaciation in Europe during Termination 1 and the important Late Pleistocene-Holocene transition Includes detailed color figures and maps, providing a comprehensive comparison of the glacial landscapes of European Pleistocene glaciers

The Landscape of the Sierra Nevada

The Landscape of the Sierra Nevada Book
Author : Regino Zamora,Marc Oliva
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-06-09
ISBN : 3030942198
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the landscape, geography and environment of the Sierra Nevada in Spain. The Sierra Nevada hosted the last glaciers in southern Europe. Today, it is one of the most important centers of plant diversity in the western Mediterranean and one of the most outstanding in Europe. This massif has ideal conditions to analyze past environments as well as the effects of global change on ecosystems. This can be seen in the large number of projects that are being conducted within the umbrella of the Sierra Nevada Global Change Observatory. This book summarizes all the scientific knowledge available about this massif, from the geomorphological and ecological perspectives to the recent spatial adaptive management and Open Science initiatives. Focusing on the very sensitive mountain environment of Sierra Nevada, the book intends to be a reference for many people interested in mountain processes. The audience would include scientists from all disciplines, but it would also target on an audience beyond the academia (territorial managers, environmentalists, mountaineers, politicians, technicians, etc.).

The Geology of Spain

The Geology of Spain Book
Author : Wes Gibbons,Teresa Moreno (Geologist)
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9781862391277
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Geology of Spain book written by Wes Gibbons,Teresa Moreno (Geologist), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Encyclopedia of Snow Ice and Glaciers

Encyclopedia of Snow  Ice and Glaciers Book
Author : Vijay P. Singh,Pratap Singh,Umesh K. Haritashya
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-06-29
ISBN : 9048126428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The earth’s cryosphere, which includes snow, glaciers, ice caps, ice sheets, ice shelves, sea ice, river and lake ice, and permafrost, contains about 75% of the earth’s fresh water. It exists at almost all latitudes, from the tropics to the poles, and plays a vital role in controlling the global climate system. It also provides direct visible evidence of the effect of climate change, and, therefore, requires proper understanding of its complex dynamics. This encyclopedia mainly focuses on the various aspects of snow, ice and glaciers, but also covers other cryospheric branches, and provides up-to-date information and basic concepts on relevant topics. It includes alphabetically arranged and professionally written, comprehensive and authoritative academic articles by well-known international experts in individual fields. The encyclopedia contains a broad spectrum of topics, ranging from the atmospheric processes responsible for snow formation; transformation of snow to ice and changes in their properties; classification of ice and glaciers and their worldwide distribution; glaciation and ice ages; glacier dynamics; glacier surface and subsurface characteristics; geomorphic processes and landscape formation; hydrology and sedimentary systems; permafrost degradation; hazards caused by cryospheric changes; and trends of glacier retreat on the global scale along with the impact of climate change. This book can serve as a source of reference at the undergraduate and graduate level and help to better understand snow, ice and glaciers. It will also be an indispensable tool containing specialized literature for geologists, geographers, climatologists, hydrologists, and water resources engineers; as well as for those who are engaged in the practice of agricultural and civil engineering, earth sciences, environmental sciences and engineering, ecosystem management, and other relevant subjects.

The Little Ice Age

The Little Ice Age Book
Author : Jean M. Grove
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2004-05-21
ISBN : 1134857462
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The evidence for the Little Ice Age, the most important fluctuation in global climate in historical times, is most dramatically represented by the advance of mountain glaciers in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and their retreat since about 1850. The effects on the landscape and the daily life of people have been particularly apparent in Norway and the Alps. This major book places an extensive body of material relating to Europe, in the form of documentary evidence of the history of the glaciers, their portrayal in paintings and maps, and measurements made by scientists and others, within a global perspective. It shows that the glacial history of mountain regions all over the world displays a similar pattern of climatic events. Furthermore, fluctuations on a comparable scale have occurred at intervals of a millennium or two throughout the last ten thousand years since the ice caps of North America and northwest Europe melted away. This is the first scholarly work devoted to the Little Ice Age, by an author whose research experience of the subject has been extensive. This book includes large numbers of maps, diagrams and photographs, many not published elsewhere, and very full bibliographies. It is a definitive work on the subject, and an excellent focus for the work of economic and social historians as well as glaciologists, climatologists, geographers, and specialists in mountain environment.

The Archaeology of the Iberian Peninsula

The Archaeology of the Iberian Peninsula Book
Author : Katina T. Lillios
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2019-12-05
ISBN : 1107113342
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the only guides to the prehistoric archaeology of the Iberian Peninsula that engages with key anthropological and archaeological debates.

Quaternary Glaciation in the Mediterranean Mountains

Quaternary Glaciation in the Mediterranean Mountains Book
Author : P.D. Hughes,J.C. Woodward
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2017-01-30
ISBN : 1862397473
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The mountains of the Mediterranean world are now largely ice free, but many were repeatedly glaciated during the Quaternary ice age. This created spectacular glaciated landscapes with a rich array of glacial deposits and landforms. The glacial and glacio-fluvial records are often very well preserved and our understanding of the timing of Quaternary glaciation has very recently been transformed through the application of dating methods utilizing uranium-series and cosmogenic isotopes. Glacial records from the Mediterranean now boast some of the most robust chronologies for mountain glaciation anywhere in the world – they represent a unique archive of Quaternary environmental change of global significance. The southerly latitude and relatively small size of Mediterranean glaciers rendered them especially sensitive to Pleistocene and Holocene climate changes. This volume brings together the leading researchers and the latest research on Mediterranean glaciation. Several papers also explore glacier behaviour in the Holocene – including those glaciers of southernmost Europe at risk of disappearing this century.

Earth History and Palaeogeography

Earth History and Palaeogeography Book
Author : Trond H. Torsvik,L. Robin M. Cocks
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2017
ISBN : 1107105323
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a complete Phanerozoic story of palaeogeography, using new and detailed full-colour maps, to link surface and deep-Earth processes.

The Vegetation of the Iberian Peninsula

The Vegetation of the Iberian Peninsula Book
Author : Javier Loidi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-09-27
ISBN : 3319547844
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a compact, up-to-date and detailed overview of the vegetation of the Iberian Peninsula, a highly diverse part of Europe in the Mediterranean area. Written by a group of experienced researchers, the volume includes a first section with general chapters discussing the climate, the biogeography and the flora, and a second section with detailed descriptions of the 14 regional sectors into which the peninsula and Balearic Islands have been divided. A third section explores special features, such as aquatic vegetation, gypsum and dolomite vegetation, coastal vegetation, mountain flora and vegetation, conservation issues and alien flora.

Quaternary Glaciations Extent and Chronology

Quaternary Glaciations   Extent and Chronology Book
Author : J. Ehlers,P.L. Gibbard
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-10-02
ISBN : 9780080474076
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the second of three volumes in which the recent knowledge of the extent and chronology of Quaternary glaciations has been compiled on a global scale. This information is seen as a fundamental requirement, not only for the glacial community, but for the wider user-community of general Quaternary workers. In particular the need for accurate ice-front positions is a basic requirement for the rapidly growing field of palaeoclimate modelling. In order to provide the information for the widest-possible range of users in the most accessible form, a series of digital maps was prepared. The glacial limits were mapped in ArcView, the Geographical Information System (GIS) used by the work group. Included with the publication is a CD with digital maps, showing glacial limits, end moraines, ice-dammed lakes, glacier-induced drainage diversions and the locations of key sections through which the glacial limits are defined and dated. The last deglaciation is also shown in 500 year time-steps. The digital maps in this volume cover the USA and Canada and include Greenland and Hawaii. Both overview maps and more detailed maps at a scale 1: 1,000,000 are provided. Also available: Part I: Europe, ISBN 0-444-51462-7 Part III: South America, Asia, Africa, Australia, Antarctica, ISBN 0-444-51593-3

Atlas of a Lost World

Atlas of a Lost World Book
Author : Craig Childs
Publisher : Vintage
Release : 2018-05-01
ISBN : 0307908666
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From the author of Apocalyptic Planet comes a vivid travelogue through prehistory, that traces the arrival of the first people in North America at least twenty thousand years ago and the artifacts that tell of their lives and fates. In Atlas of a Lost World, Craig Childs upends our notions of where these people came from and who they were. How they got here, persevered, and ultimately thrived is a story that resonates from the Pleistocene to our modern era. The lower sea levels of the Ice Age exposed a vast land bridge between Asia and North America, but the land bridge was not the only way across. Different people arrived from different directions, and not all at the same time. The first explorers of the New World were few, their encampments fleeting. The continent they reached had no people but was inhabited by megafauna—mastodons, giant bears, mammoths, saber-toothed cats, five-hundred-pound panthers, enormous bison, and sloths that stood one story tall. The first people were hunters—Paleolithic spear points are still encrusted with the proteins of their prey—but they were wildly outnumbered and many would themselves have been prey to the much larger animals. Atlas of a Lost World chronicles the last millennia of the Ice Age, the violent oscillations and retreat of glaciers, the clues and traces that document the first encounters of early humans, and the animals whose presence governed the humans’ chances for survival. A blend of science and personal narrative reveals how much has changed since the time of mammoth hunters, and how little. Across unexplored landscapes yet to be peopled, readers will see the Ice Age, and their own age, in a whole new light.

The Earth and Its Inhabitants

The Earth and Its Inhabitants     Book
Author : Elisée Reclus
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1882
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Earth and Its Inhabitants book written by Elisée Reclus, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Earth and Its Inhabitants South and east Africa

The Earth and Its Inhabitants      South and east Africa Book
Author : Elisée Reclus
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1883
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Earth and Its Inhabitants South and east Africa book written by Elisée Reclus, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Earth and Its Inhabitants The northeast Atlantic Islands of the North Atlantic Scandinavia European islands of the Arctic Ocean Russia in Europe

The Earth and Its Inhabitants  The northeast Atlantic  Islands of the North Atlantic  Scandinavia  European islands of the Arctic Ocean  Russia in Europe Book
Author : Elisée Reclus
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1876
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Earth and Its Inhabitants The northeast Atlantic Islands of the North Atlantic Scandinavia European islands of the Arctic Ocean Russia in Europe book written by Elisée Reclus, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Earth and Its Inhabitants The north east Atlantic islands of the north Atlantic Scandinavia European islands of the Arctic ocean Russia in Europe

The Earth and Its Inhabitants      The north east Atlantic  islands of the north Atlantic  Scandinavia  European islands of the Arctic ocean  Russia in Europe Book
Author : Elisée Reclus
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1881
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Earth and Its Inhabitants The north east Atlantic islands of the north Atlantic Scandinavia European islands of the Arctic ocean Russia in Europe book written by Elisée Reclus, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

In Defense of Plants

In Defense of Plants Book
Author : Matt Candeias
Publisher : Mango Media Inc.
Release : 2021-03-16
ISBN : 1642504548
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Study of Plants in a Whole New Light “Matt Candeias succeeds in evoking the wonder of plants with wit and wisdom.” ―James T. Costa, PhD, executive director, Highlands Biological Station and author of Darwin's Backyard #1 New Release in Nature & Ecology, Plants, Botany, Horticulture, Trees, Biological Sciences, and Nature Writing & Essays In his debut book, internationally-recognized blogger and podcaster Matt Candeias celebrates the nature of plants and the extraordinary world of plant organisms. A botanist’s defense. Since his early days of plant restoration, this amateur plant scientist has been enchanted with flora and the greater environmental ecology of the planet. Now, he looks at the study of plants through the lens of his ever-growing houseplant collection. Using gardening, houseplants, and examples of plants around you, In Defense of Plants changes your relationship with the world from the comfort of your windowsill. The ruthless, horny, and wonderful nature of plants. Understand how plants evolve and live on Earth with a never-before-seen look into their daily drama. Inside, Candeias explores the incredible ways plants live, fight, have sex, and conquer new territory. Whether a blossoming botanist or a professional plant scientist, In Defense of Plants is for anyone who sees plants as more than just static backdrops to more charismatic life forms. In this easily accessible introduction to the incredible world of plants, you’ll find: • Fantastic botanical histories and plant symbolism • Passionate stories of flora diversity and scientific names of plant organisms • Personal tales of plantsman discovery through the study of plants If you enjoyed books like The Botany of Desire, What a Plant Knows, or The Soul of an Octopus, then you’ll love In Defense of Plants.

European Glacial Landscapes

European Glacial Landscapes Book
Author : David Palacios,Philip D. Hughes,Jose M. Garcia-Ruiz,Nuria de Andrés
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-11-19
ISBN : 0128236078
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

European Glacial Landscapes: Maximum Extent of Glaciations brings together relevant experts on the history of glaciers and their impact on the landscape of the main regions of Europe. In some regions the largest recorded glaciations occurred before the Last Glacial Cycle, in one of the major glacial cycles of the Middle Pleistocene. However, the best-preserved evidence of glaciation in the landscape is from the Last Glacial Cycle (Late Pleistocene). The book also analyses these older glacial landforms that can sometimes still be seen in the landscape today. This analysis provides a better understanding of the succession of Pleistocene glaciations and the intervening interglacial periods, examining their possible continental synchrony or asynchrony of past glacier behaviour. The result of this analysis gives important new insights and information on the origin and effects of climatic and geomorphological variability across Europe. European Glacial Landscapes: Maximum Extent of Glaciations examines the landscapes produced by glaciers throughout Europe, the geomorphological effects of glaciations, as well as the chronology and evolution of the past glaciers, with the aim of understanding the interrelationship between glacial expansion and climate changes on this continent. This book is a valuable tool for geographers, geologist, environmental scientists, researchers in physics and earth sciences. Provides a synthesis that highlights the main similarities or differences, through both space and time, during the maximum recorded expansions of Pleistocene glaciers in Europe Features research from experts in glacial geomorphology, palaeo-glaciology, palaeo-climatology and palaeo-oceanography on glacial expansion in Europe Includes detailed color figures and maps, providing a comprehensive comparison of the glacial landscapes of European Pleistocene glaciers

Six Degrees Our Future on a Hotter Planet

Six Degrees  Our Future on a Hotter Planet Book
Author : Mark Lynas
Publisher : HarperCollins UK
Release : 2009-04-03
ISBN : 0007323522
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An eye-opening and vital account of the future of our earth and our civilisation if current rates of global warming persist, by the highly acclaimed author of ‘High Tide’.