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Hypothalamus And Neuropsychiatric Neurodegenerative And Other Disorders

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The Human Hypothalamus

The Human Hypothalamus Book
Author : Dick F. Swaab,Ruud M. Buijs,Felix Kreier,Paul J. Lucassen,Ahmad Salehi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-23
ISBN : 0128199741
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbooks of Neurology provide comprehensive summaries of recent research on the brain and nervous system as they relate to clinical neurology. This volume identifies the neurobiology and neurophysiology of disorders relating to the hypothalamus and provides treatment information for these disorders. Disorders covered include neuropsychiatric, neurodegenerative, periodic, and autoimmune disorders. Coverage includes Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, epilepsy, sleep, pain, depression, anxiety, OCD, PTSD, schizophrenia, autism, aggressions, addiction, and more. Summarizes research on how the hypothalamus relates to neurological disorders Contains neuropsychiatric, neurodegenerative, periodic, and autonomic disorders Includes the neurobiology of, and treatment for, each disorder Covers depression, anxiety, OCD, PTSD, schizophrenia, autism, aggression, addiction and more Provides coverage of sleep and pain

The Cerebral Cortex in Neurodegenerative and Neuropsychiatric Disorders

The Cerebral Cortex in Neurodegenerative and Neuropsychiatric Disorders Book
Author : David F. Cechetto,Nina Weishaupt
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-02-24
ISBN : 0128019565
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Cerebral Cortex in Neurodegenerative and Neuropsychiatric Disorders: Experimental Approaches to Clinical Issues focuses on how pre-clinical investigations are addressing the clinical issues surrounding the involvement of the cerebral cortex in selected conditions of the nervous system, including Alzheimer’s Disease, Parkinson’s, addiction, and cardiovascular dysregulation. Each chapter is written by an expert in his/her field who provides a comprehensive review of the clinical manifestations of cortical involvement and experimental techniques currently available to tackle cortical issues in disease. Thus, this present title provides a link between cortical clinical problems and investigational approaches to help foster future research with high translational value. Offers a comprehensive overview on the best available in vivo and in vitro models to study cortical involvement Presents models and specific techniques that help to guide investigators in their choices on how to address research questions experimentally Provides expert commentary and a perspective on future trends at the end of each chapter Addresses translational advances and promising therapeutic options Includes references to key articles for additional detailed study

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Library of Congress Subject Headings Book
Author : Library of Congress,Library of Congress. Office for Subject Cataloging Policy
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Library of Congress Subject Headings book written by Library of Congress,Library of Congress. Office for Subject Cataloging Policy, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in Clinical Chemistry

Advances in Clinical Chemistry Book
Author : Gregory S. Makowski
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-02-27
ISBN : 0128211652
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Clinical Chemistry, Volume 95, the latest installment in this internationally acclaimed series, contains chapters authored by world-renowned clinical laboratory scientists, physicians and research scientists. The serial discusses the latest and most up-to-date technologies related to the field of clinical chemistry, with this new release including sections on Advances in diagnostic microfluidics, Vascular and valvular calcification biomarkers, Long noncoding RNAs in cancer: From discovery to therapeutic targets, Exosomes of male reproduction, Tryptophan in health and disease, Biochemistry of blood platelet activation, and the beneficial role of plant oils in cardiovascular diseases.

The Role of the Androgen Receptor in Anxiety related Behaviors the Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal Axis and Sensorimotor Gating

The Role of the Androgen Receptor in Anxiety related Behaviors  the Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal Axis  and Sensorimotor Gating Book
Author : Damian Zuloaga
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Role of the Androgen Receptor in Anxiety related Behaviors the Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal Axis and Sensorimotor Gating book written by Damian Zuloaga, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Neuroscience Letters

Neuroscience Letters Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996-08
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Neuroscience Letters book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Endophenotypes Of Psychiatric And Neurodegenerative Disorders In Rodent Models

Endophenotypes Of Psychiatric And Neurodegenerative Disorders In Rodent Models Book
Author : Sylvie Granon
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009-01-01
ISBN : 9788178954028
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Psychiatric disorders are uniquely human. Yet we need animal models to test hypotheses about biological mechanisms. Treatment development relies on model systems to evaluate the efficacy of therapeutics. How can such a profound paradox be resolved? Dr. Sylvie Granon of the Institute Pasteur in Paris has successfully assembled a collection of fifteen review chapters that address multiple aspects of rodent models of neuropsychiatric disorders. Outstanding experts describe paradigms relevant to Alzheimer s disease, mental retardation, schizophrenia, autism, attentional deficit hyperactivity disorder, impulsivity, drug addiction, post-traumatic stress disorder, multiple sclerosis, and sudden infant death syndrome. Traditional lesioning and pharmacological methods are contrasted with newer targeted gene mutation strategies for generating rodent models. Strengths and limitations of transgenic and knockout mouse models are discussed by many of the insightful authors. In Alice in Wonderland, the Cheshire Cat speaks English and tell us We re all mad here. Unfortunately, real animals do not talk, and cannot tell us about their abnormal internal emotional or mental states, if any. It is essential to recognize that researchers will never be able to replicate schizophrenia or autism or depression in a mouse. Many psychiatric dysfunctions appear to originate primarily in the human frontal cerebral cortex, a highly developed structure that dramatically eclipses the modest frontal cortex of rodents. Numbers of synapses and available pathways for making neural connections that permit higher executive functions are enormously greater in humans as compared to other species. Expansion of the human prefrontal cortex is an evolutionary recent phenomenon. There has not been enough time for thorough trouble-shooting and beta-testing of its neural circuitry. No wonder so much can go so wrong. Endophenotypes offer a neat solution to our conundrum. Rather than trying to replicate the full human syndrome, specific components of behavioral symptoms and neuroanatomical abnormalities can be modeled in rodents. While mental illnesses that are primarily caused by incorrect developmental neuroanatomy or aberrant neurotransmitter pharmacology in the prefrontal cortex may be difficult to model in mice, whose prefrontal cortex is minimal, connections between frontal cortex and other brain regions such as thalamus are similar across species. Homologies between rodents and primates in frontal cortex connections and specific behavioral functions have been extensively described by Bryan Kolb. The inability of Alzheimer s patients to store new memories represents a discrete characteristic that can be paralleled in rats and mice, who store new memories using similar neurophysiological mechanisms. Schizophrenic patients display deficits in sensorimotor gating and errors in working memory. Very similar procedures and equipment are available to assay prepulse inhibition and working memory in humans, monkeys, rats, and mice. Neuropharmacological pathways mediating the biological actions of abused drugs are similar in humans and rats. Drug addicts show poor impulse control and poor decision making in tasks that are analogous to some forms of errors in the five choice serial reaction time task for rats and mice. Genetic mutations that produce synaptic dysfunctions or amyloid plaques in the human brain are inserted into the mouse genome to create mouse models of mental retardation, which are then evaluated on learning and memory tasks. Thus, a simpler focus on individual endophenotype components of a human disease permits reasonable analogies to be generated in model organisms. The ideal animal model of a human syndrome is quantitative, readily replicated across laboratories, and incorporates three types of validity. Face validity is the conceptual analogy to a human symptom or endophenotype. Some unusual social behaviors in mice offer a conceptual analogy to the first diagnostic symptom of autism, abnormal reciprocal social interactions. Construct validity employs the same cause or precipitating event in the animal model and the human disease. Inflammatory demyelination presents construct validity for a rodent model of multiple sclerosis. Predictive validity confirms the specific therapeutic response. Treatments that work in the human disease also work in the animal model. For example, antidepressants that are effective in treating post-traumatic stress disorder should effectively reverse the behavioral traits of a rat model of this syndrome. Very few animal models of neuropsychiatric diseases incorporate all three types of validity. The authors contributing to this volume explain the challenges, failures and successes of an impressively wide range of model organisms. As the true causes of mental illnesses are identified, neuroscientists and pharmaceutical researchers will design more targeted model systems with true construct validity to the etiologies of neuropsychiatric syndromes. Behavioral assays will continue to be invented and refined to optimize face validity to the endophenotypes of the human disease. Ultimately these endeavors will result in model organisms with high predictive validity and translational value, to enhance the discovery of effective cures for debilitating major mental illnesses.

Neuropsychiatric Disorders

Neuropsychiatric Disorders Book
Author : Gareth W. Roberts,P. Nigel Leigh,Daniel Roy Weinberger
Publisher : Mosby Incorporated
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An account of the known anatomy, pathology, molecular biology and diagnosis of neuropsychiatric diseases, this text combines clinical, radiological and laboratory illustrations for comparative information. It deals with dementias, psychoses, congenital disorders, epilepsy and motor disorders.

Imaging in Neurodegenerative Disorders

Imaging in Neurodegenerative Disorders Book
Author : Luca Saba
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2015-01-08
ISBN : 0191651400
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diagnosing neurodegenerative diseases can prove particularly intimidating to clinicians, because many times the diagnosis cannot be critically "confirmed" by a simple test. New imaging modalities have advanced to the point of high resolution, morphological, metabolic and functional analysis. Computed tomography, magnetic resonance, nuclear medicine and molecular imaging have recently emerged as outstanding non-invasive techniques for the study of the neurodegenerative disorders. Imaging in Neurodegenerative Disorders covers all the imaging techniques and new exciting methods like new tracers, biomarker, metabolomic and gene-array profiling, potential for applying such techniques clinically, and offers present and future applications as applied to the neurodegenerative disorders with the most world renowned scientists in these fields. This book is an invaluable resource for researchers, clinicians, and trainees in neuroscience, neurology, psychiatry, and radiology.

Neurology in clinical practice

Neurology in clinical practice Book
Author : W. G. Bradley
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780750675253
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Neurology in clinical practice book written by W. G. Bradley, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Canadian Journal of Zoology

Canadian Journal of Zoology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Canadian Journal of Zoology book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Neuropsychiatry Neuropsychology and Behavioral Neurology

Neuropsychiatry  Neuropsychology  and Behavioral Neurology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Neuropsychiatry Neuropsychology and Behavioral Neurology book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

CSA Neurosciences Abstracts

CSA Neurosciences Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download CSA Neurosciences Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Psychobiology of Stress

Psychobiology of Stress Book
Author : Stefano Puglisi-Allegra,A. Oliverio
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400919905
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From a historical point of view the first studies on the response of the organism to stressful situations in general, and on the psychobiology of stress in particular, are probably those of Cannon and de la Paz, the physiologists who showed in 1911 that the adrenal medulla and the sympathetic system are involved in emergency situations. Cannon noted that the venous blood of cats frightened by barking dogs contained adrenaline, a response of the organism which was prevented by adrenalectomy or by section of the splanchnic nerve innervating the adrenal medulla. Cannon suggested that the adrenal medulla was acting in concert with the sympathetic nervous system, so that both systems were activated during stress. The role of the sympathetic system in response to stressful events was later emphasized by the experiments carried out by Maickel et al. (1967) and by Mason (1968): these authors clearly showed that stressors activate the sympathetic system causing it to release adrenaline and noradrenaline. This line of research may be contrasted with that carried out by Hans Selye, centered on of the adrenal cortex in the stress response. Selye's findings and theories originated the role the so-called hypothalamic - pituitary - adrenal cortex (HPA) model of stress: in short, during stress adrenocorticotropic hormone is released from cells of the anterior pituitary and elicits secretion of glucocorticoids from the adrenal cortex.

Steroids and the Nervous System

Steroids and the Nervous System Book
Author : GianCarlo Panzica,Roberto C. Melcangi
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume covers emerging and intriguing topics related to research into steroids and the nervous system, with a major focus on glucocorticoids, non-classical mechanism of action, regulation of reproduction, steroids and glial cells, behavioural effects and pathological correlations.

Neuroimmunomodulation

Neuroimmunomodulation Book
Author : International Society for Neuroimmunomodulation. Congress,International Society for Neuroimmunomodulation
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997-12-31
ISBN : 9781573310727
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The discipline of neuroimmunomodulation is devoted to interactions between the immune nervous systems at all levels and includes observation on brain, pituitary, peripheral nervous system and immune cells. Nitric oxide synthase is contained within neurons in the brain and modifies behavioural and hormonal responses by acting on other neurons and on release of peptides and other transmitters through activation of guanylate cyclase and cyclooxygenase. Increases in this and in expression of proinflammatory cytokines can contribute to damage in patients with multiple sclerosis, Parkinsonism, meningitis, stroke, and Alzheimer's disease.

Mapping Age related Effects on the Striatum Pallidus and Thalamus in Healthy Individuals Across the Adult Lifespan

Mapping Age related Effects on the Striatum Pallidus and Thalamus in Healthy Individuals Across the Adult Lifespan Book
Author : Stephanie Tullo
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The subcortical structures of the brain, such as the striatum and thalamus, are positioned deep within the brain and are heavily implicated in the regulation of mood, reward, and memory function. Further, these structures are heavily connected to the frontal lobes of the brain, which include regions that are implicated in complex cognitive tasks. Despite their importance in daily functioning and implication in neuropsychiatric disorders (such as schizophrenia and geriatric depression) and in movement disorders (such as Parkinson's disease and Huntington's diseases), these regions are under-studied, in part due to the paucity of methods available for accurate visualization and extensive analysis of in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Five high-resolution T1-weighted MR atlases and three-dimensional surface representations of the striatum, globus pallidus and thalamus were created to consolidate and improve the workflow of an automated segmentation pipeline, MAGeT-Brain. Application of the atlases as input to MAGeT-Brain was implemented to ultimately enable subject-based automated segmentation of the striatum, globus pallidus and thalamus in subject MRI data for the investigation of the normal and healthy aging process. Chapter 3 describes the creation of the five atlases of the striatum, globus pallidus and thalamus, and details the atlas-to-template warping technique used to warp a three-dimensional atlas derived from expertly annotated serial histological sections to five high-resolution MR templates, for their implementation to the MAGeT-Brain pipeline. Registration quality and segmentation accuracy of the atlases were assessed using the Dice's Kappa metric before their implementation to the MAGeT-Brain pipeline.In the context of healthy aging, volumetric analysis of subcortical structures, such as the striatum, globus pallidus and thalamus, has been the sole primary focus of MR-based aging studies. With the improved methodology of the MAGeT-Brain segmentation pipeline, this thesis sought to investigate the normative age relationships of the striatum, globus pallidus and thalamus occurring throughout the healthy adult lifespan; examining various morphological and microstructural features beyond volumetry, which despite being extensively studied is still not yet resolved. Chapter 4 details the age relationships of volume, local surface area, and myelin in the striatum, globus pallidus and thalamus observed across the adult lifespan in healthy individuals between the ages of 18 and 80 using structural T1-weighted and T2-weighted MRI data.Expanding on the results obtained from previous healthy aging studies, we observed age-related linear volumetric decline in the left and right striatum and globus pallidus, and a quadratic volume-age relationship in the left and right thalamus, with complementary posterior areal contraction in all three structures bilaterally. Moreover, we observed a quadratic inverted U shape relationship between T1w/T2w subcortical myelin and age, with a peak T1w/T2w value occurring in middle age (at around 50 years old). This thesis serves to provide a normative baseline for disorders in which these structures are compromised and implicated. This project will have important implications in future research on healthy aging and neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders." --

The American Psychiatric Association Publishing Textbook of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences Sixth Edition

The American Psychiatric Association Publishing Textbook of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences  Sixth Edition Book
Author : David B. Arciniegas, M.D.,Stuart C. Yudofsky, M.D.,Robert E. Hales, M.D., M.B.A.
Publisher : American Psychiatric Pub
Release : 2018-07-06
ISBN : 158562487X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Preceded by The American Psychiatric Publishing textbook of neuropsychiatry and behavioral neurosciences / edited by Stuart C. Yudofsky, Robert E. Hales. 5th ed. c2008.

Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Neurology Principles and Practice

Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Neurology  Principles and Practice Book
Author : David Silbersweig,Laura T. Safar,Kirk R. Daffner
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release : 2020-10-06
ISBN : 1260117111
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive, full-color guide to the principles and practice of neuropsychiatry and behavioral neurology. A primary resource in the field From the world-renowned experts at the Center for Brain/Mind Medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Neurology delivers authoritative, multidisciplinary information and insights for improving patient care. Chapter authors include additional worldwide academic clinician leaders from sister institutions. Covering the latest advances in cognitive, affective, and behavioral neuroscience, the text provides a practical and clearly written approach to structural and functional neuroanatomy; neuropsychiatric and behavioral neurology assessments and treatments; and neurobehavioral/neuropsychiatric syndromes and disorders. Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Neurology includes: A definitive introductory chapter on the neuroanatomy of cognitive and behavioral neuroscience Chapters on the neurocircuitry of emotions and cognition Chapters on neuropsychiatric assessment methods and therapeutics, including pharmacology and neurostimulation modalities Chapters on neurobehavioral and neuropsychiatric syndromes, as well as on neuropsychiatric aspects of different neurological and medical diseases Numerous full-color illustrations of brain anatomy High-resolution brain CT and MRI scans Summaries and key points, patient cases, and multiple choice questions with annotated answers Evidence-based updates, combined with clinical guidance from master academic clinician Whether you’re a trainee, recent graduate, seasoned practicing clinician, or investigator interested in linking basic neuroscience research to clinical care, you’ll find everything you need to determine the neurobiological origins of alterations in emotion, cognition, and behavior; contextualize the illness to emphasize the role of underlying brain circuitry; develop informed differential diagnoses; and plan and implement the most effective treatment strategies. This text meets the curriculum requirements needed to prepare for board certification in Behavioral Neurology and Neuropsychiatry.

Therapy in Sleep Medicine E Book

Therapy in Sleep Medicine E Book Book
Author : Teri J. Barkoukis,Jean K. Matheson,Richard Ferber,Karl Doghramji
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2011-10-31
ISBN : 1455723304
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Therapy in Sleep Medicine, by Drs. Teri J. Barkoukis, Jean K. Matheson, Richard Ferber, and Karl Doghrami, provides the clinically focused coverage you need for rapid diagnosis and effective treatment of sleep disorders. A multidisciplinary team of leading authorities presents the latest on sleep breathing disorders (including obstructive sleep apnea), neuropharmacology, parasomnias, neurologic disorders affecting sleep, sleep therapy for women, sleep therapy in geriatric patients, controversies, and future trends in therapy in a highly illustrated, easy-to-follow format. Diagnose and treat patients effectively with complete coverage of the full range of sleep disorders. Find diagnostic and treatment information quickly and easily thanks to a highly illustrated, easy-to-read format that highlights key details. Stay current on discussions of hot topics, including sleep breathing disorders (including obstructive sleep apnea), neuropharmacology, parasomnias, neurologic disorders affecting sleep, sleep therapy for women, sleep therapy in geriatric patients, controversies, and future trends in therapy. Tap into the expertise of a multidisciplinary team of leading authorities for well-rounded, trusted guidance.