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Hydrogen Safety For Energy Applications

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Hydrogen Safety for Energy Applications

Hydrogen Safety for Energy Applications Book
Author : Alexei Kotchourko,Thomas Jordan
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2022-03-25
ISBN : 0128204958
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydrogen Safety for Energy Applications: Engineering Design, Risk Assessment, and Codes and Standards presents different aspects of contemporary knowledge regarding the hazards, risks and safety connected with hydrogen systems. Sections cover the main hydrogen technologies and explore the scientific aspects of possible sources and consequences of accidental events that can occur when hydrogen is used, including in its vehicular applications. Risk assessment, as well as the safety measures/safety barriers applicable in such situations are also considered. Finally, a short survey concerning legal aspects is presented. Provides factual material, such as models, correlations, tables, nomograms and formulas that can be used to perform evaluations and propose mitigation measures Presents reference data and detailed descriptions and guidelines for contemporary risk assessment methodologies Covers accident phenomena and consequences of accidents specific to hydrogen systems in a widely and applicable way for a wide variety of hydrogen activities

Hydrogen Infrastructure for Energy Applications

Hydrogen Infrastructure for Energy Applications Book
Author : Hanane Dagdougui,Roberto Sacile,Chiara Bersani,Ahmed Ouammi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-02-03
ISBN : 0128120355
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydrogen Infrastructure for Energy Applications: Production, Storage, Distribution and Safety examines methodologies, new models and innovative strategies for the optimization and optimal control of the hydrogen logistic chain, with particular focus on a network of integrated facilities, sources of production, storage systems, infrastructures and the delivery process to the end users through hydrogen refueling stations. The book discusses the main motivations and criteria behind the adoption of hydrogen as an energy carrier or future fuel alternative. It presents current research in hydrogen production processes, especially from renewable energy sources, as well as storage and distribution. The book also reviews methods to model hydrogen demand uncertainties and challenges for the design of the future hydrogen supply chain. The authors go on to explore the network planning of hydrogen infrastructures, the safety and risk issues in hydrogen logistics and their future expectations. Energy engineering professionals, researchers and graduate students will find this a helpful resource to understand the methodologies used to assess the feasibility for developing hydrogen supply chains, hydrogen infrastructure and safety practices. Energy analysts and government agents can benefit from the book's detailed discussion of hydrogen energy applicability. Describes in detail the current state of the available approaches for the planning and modeling of the hydrogen infrastructure Discusses safety issues related to hydrogen in different components of its logistic chain and the methodological approach to evaluate risks that results from hydrogen accidents, including a mathematical model to assess the hazard and consequences of an accident scenario of hydrogen in pipelines Proposes a decision support system for hydrogen energy exploitation, focusing on some specific planning aspects, such as selection of locations with high hydrogen production, based mainly on the use of solar and wind energies Presents a short-term scenario of hydrogen distribution for automotive use, with a concrete, detailed, operative plan for a network of refueling service stations for the hydrogen economy

Hydrogen Safety

Hydrogen Safety Book
Author : Fotis Rigas,Paul Amyotte
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-07-09
ISBN : 1439862311
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydrogen Safety highlights physiological, physical, and chemical hazards associated with hydrogen production, storage, distribution, and use systems. It also examines potential accident scenarios that could occur with hydrogen use under certain conditions. The number of potential applications for hydrogen continues to grow—from cooling power station generators to widespread commercial use in hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles and other fuel-cell applications. However, this volatile substance poses unique challenges, including easy leakage, low ignition energy, a wide range of combustible fuel-air mixtures, buoyancy, and its ability to embrittle metals that are required to ensure safe operation. Focused on providing a balanced view of hydrogen safety—one that integrates principles from physical sciences, engineering, management, and social sciences—this book is organized to address questions associated with the hazards of hydrogen and the ensuing risk associated with its industrial and public use. What are the properties of hydrogen that can render it a hazardous substance? How have these hazards historically resulted in undesired incidents? How might these hazards arise in the storage of hydrogen and with its use in vehicular transportation? The authors address issues of inherently safer design, safety management systems, and safety culture. They highlight hydrogen storage facilities —which pose greater hazards because of the increased quantities stored and handled—and the dangers of using hydrogen as a fuel for transport. Presented experiments are included to verify computer simulations with the aid of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) of both gaseous and liquefied hydrogen. The book also provides an overview of the European Commission (EC) Network of Excellence for Hydrogen Safety (HySafe) and presents various case studies associated with hydrogen and constructional materials. It concludes with a brief look at future research requirements and current legal requirements for hydrogen safety.

Hydrogen Safety for Energy Applications

Hydrogen Safety for Energy Applications Book
Author : Alexei Kotchourko,Thomas Jordan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-04-08
ISBN : 0128204923
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydrogen Safety for Energy Applications: Engineering Design, Risk Assessment, and Codes and Standards presents different aspects of contemporary knowledge regarding the hazards, risks and safety connected with hydrogen systems. Sections cover the main hydrogen technologies and explore the scientific aspects of possible sources and consequences of accidental events that can occur when hydrogen is used, including in its vehicular applications. Risk assessment, as well as the safety measures/safety barriers applicable in such situations are also considered. Finally, a short survey concerning legal aspects is presented. Provides factual material, such as models, correlations, tables, nomograms and formulas that can be used to perform evaluations and propose mitigation measures Presents reference data and detailed descriptions and guidelines for contemporary risk assessment methodologies Covers accident phenomena and consequences of accidents specific to hydrogen systems in a widely and applicable way for a wide variety of hydrogen activities

Hydrogen Biomass and Bioenergy

Hydrogen  Biomass and Bioenergy Book
Author : Bruno G. Pollet,Jacob Joseph Lamb
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-06-26
ISBN : 0081026463
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydrogen and Bioenergy: Integration Pathways for Renewable Energy Applications focuses on the nexus between hydrogen and carbon compounds as energy carriers, with a particular focus on renewable energy solutions. This book explores opportunities for integrating hydrogen in the bioenergy value chain, such as adding hydrogen to upgrade biofuels and lower CO2 emissions during production. The book also takes the inverse path to examine hydrogen production by chemical and biological routes from various bioresources, including solid waste, wastewater, agricultural products and algae. This broad coverage of technologies and applications presents a unique resource for researchers and practitioners developing integrated hydrogen and bioenergy technologies. This book will also be useful for graduate students and new researchers, presenting an introductory resource in the areas of hydrogen and bioenergy. Energy planners and engineers will also benefit from this content when designing and deploying hydrogen infrastructure for power, heating and transportation. Provides a comprehensive picture of hydrogen generation from biomass, as well as other sources of hydrogen for power, heating, transportation and storage applications Explores the ways hydrogen can be utilized in combination with bio-derived hydrocarbon chains to produce a variety of substitutes for fossil fuel-based petrochemicals Fills the gap between theoretical knowledge and technology viability Analyzes how these technologies fit into an overall energy strategy targeted at expanding the renewable energy sector

Renewable Hydrogen Technologies

Renewable Hydrogen Technologies Book
Author : Luis M Gandia,Gurutze Arzamedi,Pedro M Dieguez
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-05-03
ISBN : 044456361X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The fields covered by the hydrogen energy topic have grown rapidly, and now it has become clearly multidisciplinary. In addition to production, hydrogen purification and especially storage are key challenges that could limit the use of hydrogen fuel. In this book, the purification of hydrogen with membrane technology and its storage in "solid" form using new hydrides and carbon materials are addressed. Other novelties of this volume include the power conditioning of water electrolyzers, the integration in the electric grid of renewable hydrogen systems and the future role of microreactors and micro-process engineering in hydrogen technology as well as the potential of computational fluid dynamics to hydrogen equipment design and the assessment of safety issues. Finally, and being aware that transportation will likely constitute the first commercial application of hydrogen fuel, two chapters are devoted to the recent advances in hydrogen fuel cells and hydrogen-fueled internal combustion engines for transport vehicles. Hydrogen from water and biomass considered Holistic approach to the topic of renewable hydrogen production Power conditioning of water electrolyzers and integration of renewable hydrogen energy systems considered Subjects not included in previous books on hydrogen energy Micro process technology considered Subject not included in previous books on hydrogen energy Applications of CFD considered Subject not included in previous books on hydrogen energy Fundamental aspects will not be discussed in detail consciously as they are suitably addressed in previous books Emphasis on technological advancements Chapters written by recognized experts Up-to date approach to the subjects and relevant bibliographic references

Science and Engineering of Hydrogen Based Energy Technologies

Science and Engineering of Hydrogen Based Energy Technologies Book
Author : Paulo Emilio Miranda
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-11-12
ISBN : 0128142529
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Science and Engineering of Hydrogen-Based Energy Technologies explores the generation of energy using hydrogen and hydrogen-rich fuels in fuel cells from the perspective of its integration into renewable energy systems using the most sound and current scientific knowledge. The book first examines the evolution of energy utilization and the role expected to be played by hydrogen energy technologies in the world’s energy mix, not just for energy generation, but also for carbon capture, storage and utilization. It provides a general overview of the most common and promising types of fuel cells, such as PEMFCs, SOFCs and direct alcohol fuel cells. The co-production of chemical and electrolysis cells, as well as the available and future materials for fuel cells production are discussed. It then delves into the production of hydrogen from biomass, including waste materials, and from excess electricity produced by other renewable energy sources, such as solar, wind, hydro and geothermal. The main technological approaches to hydrogen storage are presented, along with several possible hydrogen energy engineering applications. Science and Engineering of Hydrogen-Based Energy Technologies’s unique approach to hydrogen energy systems makes it useful for energy engineering researchers, professionals and graduate students in this field. Policy makers, energy planning and management professionals, and energy analysts can also benefit from the comprehensive overview that it provides. Presents engineering fundamentals, commercially deployed technologies, up-and-coming developments and applications through a systemic approach Explores the integration of hydrogen technologies in renewable energy systems, including solar, wind, bioenergy and ocean energy Covers engineering standards, guidelines and regulations, as well as policy and social aspects for large-scale deployment of these technologies

Sensors for Safety and Process Control in Hydrogen Technologies

Sensors for Safety and Process Control in Hydrogen Technologies Book
Author : Thomas Hübert,Lois Boon-Brett,William Buttner
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-09
ISBN : 1466596554
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understand, Select, and Design Sensors for Hydrogen-Based Applications The use of hydrogen generated from renewable energy sources is expected to become an essential component of a low-carbon, environmentally friendly energy supply, spurring the worldwide development of hydrogen technologies. Sensors for Safety and Process Control in Hydrogen Technologies provides practical, expert-driven information on modern sensors for hydrogen and other gases as well as physical parameters essential for safety and process control in hydrogen technologies. It illustrates how sensing technologies can ensure the safe and efficient implementation of the emerging global hydrogen market. The book explains the various facets of sensor technologies, including practical aspects relevant in hydrogen technologies. It presents a comprehensive and up-to-date account of the theory (physical and chemical principles), design, and implementations of sensors in hydrogen technologies. The authors also offer guidance on the development of new sensors based on the analysis of the capabilities and limitations of existing sensors with respect to current performance requirements. Suitable for both technical and non-technical personnel, the book provides a balance between detailed descriptions and simple explanations. It gives invaluable insight into the role sensors play as key enabling devices for both control and safety in established and emerging hydrogen technologies.

Compendium of Hydrogen Energy

Compendium of Hydrogen Energy Book
Author : Frano Barbir,Angelo Basile,T. Nejat Veziroglu
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-09-25
ISBN : 1782423850
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Compendium of Hydrogen Energy: Hydrogen Energy Conversion, Volume Three is the third part of a four volume series and focuses on the methods of converting stored hydrogen into useful energy. The other three volumes focus on hydrogen production and purification; hydrogen storage and transmission; and hydrogen use, safety, and the hydrogen economy, respectively. Many experts believe that, in time, the hydrogen economy will replace the fossil fuel economy as the primary source of energy. Once hydrogen has been produced and stored, it can then be converted via fuel cells or internal combustion engines into useful energy. This volume highlights how different fuel cells and hydrogen-fueled combustion engines and turbines work. The first part of the volume investigates various types of hydrogen fuel cells, including solid oxide, molten carbonate, and proton exchange membrane. The second part looks at hydrogen combustion energy, and the final section explores the use of metal hydrides in hydrogen energy conversion. Highlights how different fuel cells and hydrogen-fueled combustion engines and turbines work Features input written by leading academics in the field of sustainable energy and experts from the world of industry Examines various types of hydrogen fuel cells, including solid oxide, molten carbonate, and proton exchange membrane Presents part of a very comprehensive compendium which, across four volumes, looks at the entirety of the hydrogen energy economy

Hydrogen Energy Engineering

Hydrogen Energy Engineering Book
Author : Kazunari Sasaki,Hai-Wen Li,Akari Hayashi,Junichiro Yamabe,Teppei Ogura,Stephen M. Lyth
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-09-07
ISBN : 4431560424
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the fundamental principles and latest research findings in hydrogen energy fields including: hydrogen production, hydrogen storage, fuel cells, hydrogen safety, economics, and the impact on society. Further, the book introduces the latest development trends in practical applications, especially in commercial household fuel cells and commercial fuel cell vehicles in Japan. This book not only helps readers to further their basic knowledge, but also presents the state of the art of hydrogen-energy-related research and development. This work serves as an excellent reference for beginners such as graduate students, as well as a handbook and systematic summary of entire hydrogen-energy systems for scientists and engineers.

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Book
Author : Bent Sørensen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123877091
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A hydrogen economy, in which this one gas provides the source of all energy needs, is often touted as the long-term solution to the environmental and security problems associated with fossil fuels. However, before hydrogen can be used as fuel on a global scale we must establish cost effective means of producing, storing, and distributing the gas, develop cost efficient technologies for converting hydrogen to electricity (e.g. fuel cells), and creating the infrastructure to support all this. Sorensen is the only text available that provides up to date coverage of all these issues at a level appropriate for the technical reader. The book not only describes the "how" and "where" aspects of hydrogen fuels cells usage, but also the obstacles and benefits of its use, as well as the social implications (both economically and environmental). Written by a world-renowned researcher in energy systems, this thoroughly illustrated and cross-referenced book is an excellent reference for researchers, professionals and students in the field of renewable energy. Updated sections on PEM fuel cells, Molten carbonate cells, Solid Oxide cells and Biofuel cells Updated material to reflect the growing commercial acceptance of stationary and portable fuel cell systems, while also recognizing the ongoing research in automotive fuel cell systems A new example of a regional system based on renewable energy sources reflects the growing international attention to uses of renewable energy as part of the energy grid Examples of life cycle analysis of environmental and social impacts

Nanomaterials for Hydrogen Storage Applications

Nanomaterials for Hydrogen Storage Applications Book
Author : Fatih Şen,Anish Khan,Abdullah Mohammed Ahmed Asiri
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-09-09
ISBN : 0128194774
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials for Hydrogen Storage Applications introduces nanomaterials and nanocomposites manufacturing and design for hydrogen storage applications. The book covers the manufacturing, design, characterization techniques and hydrogen storage applications of a range of nanomaterials. It outlines fundamental characterization techniques for nanocomposites to establish their suitability for hydrogen storage applications. Offering a sound knowledge of hydrogen storage application of nanocomposites, this book is an important resource for both materials scientists and engineers who are seeking to understand how nanomaterials can be used to create more efficient energy storage solutions. Assesses the characterization, design, manufacture and application of different types of nanomaterials for hydrogen storage Outlines the major challenges of using nanomaterials in hydrogen storage Discusses how the use of nanotechnology is helping engineers create more effective hydrogen storage systems

Hydrogen Technology

Hydrogen Technology Book
Author : Aline Léon
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-07-18
ISBN : 3540699252
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aline Leon ́ In the last years, public attention was increasingly shifted by the media and world governmentsto the conceptsof saving energy,reducingpollution,protectingthe - vironment, and developing long-term energy supply solutions. In parallel, research funding relating to alternative fuels and energy carriers is increasing on both - tional and international levels. Why has future energy supply become such a matter of concern? The reasons are the problems created by the world’s current energy supply s- tem which is mainly based on fossil fuels. In fact, the energystored in hydrocarb- based solid, liquid, and gaseous fuels was, is, and will be widely consumed for internal combustion engine-based transportation, for electricity and heat generation in residential and industrial sectors, and for the production of fertilizers in agric- ture, as it is convenient, abundant, and cheap. However, such a widespread use of fossil fuels by a constantly growing world population (from 2. 3 billion in 1939 to 6. 5 billion in 2006) gives rise to the two problems of oil supply and environmental degradation. The problemrelated to oil supply is caused by the fact that fossil fuels are not - newable primary energy sources: This means that since the rst barrel of petroleum has been pumped out from the ground, we have been exhausting a heritage given by nature.

HySEA

HySEA Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The overall goal of the HySEA project is to conduct pre-normative research on vented hydrogen deflagrations with an aim to provide recommendations for European and international standards on hydrogen explosion venting mitigation systems, and to develop and validate engineering models (EMs), computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and finite element (FE) methods that can be verified and validated against data from experiments performed in containers and smaller enclosures with industry-representative obstacles.

Hydrogen as an Energy Carrier

Hydrogen as an Energy Carrier Book
Author : Carl-Jochen Winter,Joachim Nitsch
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642615619
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The technologies of hydrogen's energetic utilization have been known for a long time. But aspects of system analysis, energy economics, and ecology that would come into play in introducing it into energy systems nave received much less attention. For those reasons, this book attempts to show the development path of a hydrogen economy, based on assured technological knowledge. One special concern has been to demonstrate, on one hand, how these developments would fit into existing energy supply structures, and, on the other, how they would contribute to further development of the energy system as a whole. With that goal in mind it is necessary to contrast the obvious advantages of hydrogen with the large efforts that would be required for its introduction. This total-systems approach led to a three-part organization of the book that also aids the reader in quickly identifying those parts that are of special interest to him. Section A essentially explains why it is necessary today to think about a new synthetic energy carrier. It also describes the irreplacable and growing role of hydrogen as a chemical raw material, and it explains technologies that al ready exist for its energetic use or that need further development. An attempt has also been made to prove that hydrogen's safety characteristics indeed per mit its handling and use as an energy carrier. Hopefully, all this will show that hydrogen, together with electricity, could be the universally employable energy carrier of a future non-fossil energy supply system.

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Book
Author : Johannes Töpler,Jochen Lehmann
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-20
ISBN : 3662449722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces readers to hydrogen as an essential energy carrier for use with renewable sources of primary energy. It provides an overview of the state of the art, while also highlighting the developmental and market potential of hydrogen in the context of energy technologies; mobile, stationary and portable applications; uninterruptible power supplies and in the chemical industry. Written by experienced practitioners, the book addresses the needs of engineers, chemists and business managers, as well as graduate students and researchers.

Compendium of Hydrogen Energy

Compendium of Hydrogen Energy Book
Author : Ram Gupta,Angelo Basile,T. Nejat Veziroglu
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-02-03
ISBN : 1782423842
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Compendium of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 2: Hydrogen Storage, Distribution and Infrastructure focuses on the storage and transmission of hydrogen. As many experts believe the hydrogen economy will, at some point, replace the fossil fuel economy as the primary source of the world’s energy, this book details hydrogen storage in pure form, including chapters on hydrogen liquefaction, slush production, as well as underground and pipeline storage. Other sections in the book explore physical and chemical storage, including environmentally sustainable methods of hydrogen production from water, with final chapters dedicated to hydrogen distribution and infrastructure. Covers a wide array of methods for storing hydrogen, detailing hydrogen transport and the infrastructure required for transition to the hydrogen economy Written by leading academics in the fields of sustainable energy and experts from the world of industry Part of a very comprehensive compendium which looks at the entirety of the hydrogen energy economy

Utilization of Hydrogen for Sustainable Energy and Fuels

Utilization of Hydrogen for Sustainable Energy and Fuels Book
Author : Marcel Van de Voorde
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2021-09-07
ISBN : 311059627X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon neutral hydrogen technologies play a key-role in preventing climate change and hydrogen is really at the heart of the energy transition. As we can produce heat and power directly from hydrogen in a clean way, we will have many applications in the growing hydrogen economy. This book presents the current state and latest development trends of hydrogen economy with the focus on applications. It gives an overview of the hydrogen utilization as it relates to the transport technology, such as automobiles, heavy-duty vehicles, trains, ships, air, and space transport and industry. Large attention is given to structural and functional materials science, technologies and innovations with focus on the development of new materials and electrolytes for specific applications. Strictly related to mobility is the relation between vehicles and refuel stations, the safety analysis, risk assessment for both infrastructures and transport. Ideal book for students of materials science, chemistry, physics; for researchers and chemical- and mechanical engineers, for industrialists, policymakers, safety agencies and governments.

Hydrogen Energy and Vehicle Systems

Hydrogen Energy and Vehicle Systems Book
Author : Scott E. Grasman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 143982682X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With contributions from noted laboratory scientists, professors, and engineers, Hydrogen Energy and Vehicle Systems presents a new comprehensive approach for applying hydrogen-based technologies to the transportation and electric power generation sectors. It shows how these technologies can improve the efficiency and reliability of energy and trans

Tomorrow s Energy

Tomorrow s Energy Book
Author : Peter Hoffmann
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9780262582216
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How hydrogen -- nonpolluting and easy to produce -- could become the fuel of the future.