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Hydrogen Embrittlement Theory And Prevention Of Hydrogen Damage In Metals And Alloys

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Hydrogen Embrittlement Theory and Prevention of Hydrogen Damage in Metals and Alloys

Hydrogen Embrittlement Theory and Prevention of Hydrogen Damage in Metals and Alloys Book
Author : Branko N. Popov,Jong-Won Lee,Milos B. Djukic
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-15
ISBN : 9780128198568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydrogen evolution and permeation are encountered during electroplating, corrosion, and cathodic protection. Hydrogen accumulates in areas of high stress and may reach a critical concentration, potentially causing fractures and catastrophic damage. Hydrogen Embrittlement Theory and Prevention of Hydrogen Damage in Metals and Alloys explores the theory of hydrogen permeation in metals and alloys, hydrogen embrittlement, stress corrosion cracking, and passivity materials selection as well as electrochemical and non-electrochemical methods for prevention of hydrogen-induced damage. Our goal is to help the next generation of engineers and scientists (i) understand the theory of hydrogen embrittlement and stress corrosion cracking as wells as hydrogen damage prevention strategies, (ii) design models for developing hydrogen damage-resistant alloys, and (iii) prevent damage of different industrial components due to the presence and localization of hydrogen in metals. To accomplish these objectives, the book offers case studies of hydrogen permeation, hydrogen embrittlement, mechanical properties of alloys, hydrogen damage control, and solved problems (with solutions) for the topics covered in the book. The book is self-containing and targets also senior graduate university corrosion engineering courses. The senior undergraduate students have the necessary mathematical exposure and ability to follow the subject. The book is useful for undergraduate corrosion courses taught in chemical, electrochemical, mechanical engineering, chemistry, metallurgy, and material science and will serve as references for individual study. Provides a comprehensive explanation on hydrogen permeation, hydrogen embrittlement, and hydrogen-induced stress corrosion cracking, creating difficulties in development of efficient strategies to preventing different types of hydrogen damage in metals and alloys Prepares the next generation of materials scientists, chemical engineers, and mechanical engineers to advance the hydrogen damage prevention strategies to a higher level and to develop advanced alloys resistant to hydrogen embrittlement and hydrogen-induced damage Discusses hydrogen-induced damage and hydrogen embrittlement mechanisms and the electrochemical and non-electrochemical prevention strategies as well as design of alloys resistive to hydrogen adsorption and embrittlement Includes solved case studies, corrosion analysis, and solved problems designed to help the reader to understand the fundamental principles from thermodynamics and electrochemical kinetics the chapters in the book are updated with data published in papers and reviews in the last 20 years, including the latest research and results

Corrosion Failures

Corrosion Failures Book
Author : K. Elayaperumal,V. S. Raja
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-04-27
ISBN : 0470455640
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, the first of its kind, provides practical case studies of corrosion-induced failures that have occurred in process equipment in the engineering/ process industries in the recent past, along with the authors' analysis. Chapters deal with Basics of Corrosion, Importance of Failure Analysis, and Standard Methodology of Failure Analysis before presenting the case studies. Satifying the needs of practicing engineers, this book helps companies save money and increase profits by avoiding process equipment downtime due to major failures.

Corrosion Engineering

Corrosion Engineering Book
Author : Branko N. Popov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-02-26
ISBN : 0444627278
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Corrosion Engineering: Principles and Solved Problems covers corrosion engineering through an extensive theoretical description of the principles of corrosion theory, passivity and corrosion prevention strategies and design of corrosion protection systems. The book is updated with results published in papers and reviews in the last twenty years. Solved corrosion case studies, corrosion analysis and solved corrosion problems in the book are presented to help the reader to understand the corrosion fundamental principles from thermodynamics and electrochemical kinetics, the mechanism that triggers the corrosion processes at the metal interface and how to control or inhibit the corrosion rates. The book covers the multidisciplinary nature of corrosion engineering through topics from electrochemistry, thermodynamics, mechanical, bioengineering and civil engineering. Addresses the corrosion theory, passivity, material selections and designs Covers extensively the corrosion engineering protection strategies Contains over 500 solved problems, diagrams, case studies and end of chapter problems Could be used as a text in advanced/graduate corrosion courses as well self-study reference for corrosion engineers

Metals Abstracts

Metals Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Metals Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry Second Edition

Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry  Second Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 2015-12-01
ISBN : 1627080945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Originally published in 1994, this second edition of Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry collects peer-reviewed articles written by experts in the field of corrosion that were specifically chosen for this book because of their relevance to the petrochemical industry. This edition expands coverage of the different forms of corrosion, including the effects of metallurgical variables on the corrosion of several alloys. It discusses protection methods, including discussion of corrosion inhibitors and corrosion resistance of aluminum, magnesium, stainless steels, and nickels. It also includes a section devoted specifically to petroleum and petrochemical industry related issues.

Corrosion Tests and Standards

Corrosion Tests and Standards Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 2021-09-27
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Corrosion Tests and Standards book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Corrosion Problems and Solutions in Oil Refining and Petrochemical Industry

Corrosion Problems and Solutions in Oil Refining and Petrochemical Industry Book
Author : Alec Groysman
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-24
ISBN : 3319452568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses corrosion problems and their solutions at facilities in the oil refining and petrochemical industry, including cooling water and boiler feed water units. Further, it describes and analyzes corrosion control actions, corrosion monitoring, and corrosion management. Corrosion problems are a perennial issue in the oil refining and petrochemical industry, as they lead to a deterioration of the functional properties of metallic equipment and harm the environment – both of which need to be protected for the sake of current and future generations. Accordingly, this book examines and analyzes typical and atypical corrosion failure cases and their prevention at refineries and petrochemical facilities, including problems with: pipelines, tanks, furnaces, distillation columns, absorbers, heat exchangers, and pumps. In addition, it describes naphthenic acid corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, hydrogen damages, sulfidic corrosion, microbiologically induced corrosion, erosion-corrosion, and corrosion fatigue occurring at refinery units. At last, fouling, corrosion and cleaning are discussed in this book.

Theory of Transformations in Steels

Theory of Transformations in Steels Book
Author : Harshad K. D. H. Bhadeshia
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-03-25
ISBN : 1000352684
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by the leading authority in the field of solid-state phase transformations, Theory of Transformations in Steels is the first book to provide readers with a complete discussion of the theory of transformations in steel. Offers comprehensive treatment of solid-state transformations, covering the vast number in steels Serves as a single source for almost any aspect of the subject Features discussion of physical properties, thermodynamics, diffusion, and kinetics Covers ferrites, martensite, cementite, carbides, nitrides, substitutionally-alloyed precipitates, and pearlite Contains a thoroughly researched and comprehensive list of references as further and recommended reading With its broad and deep coverage of the subject, this work aims at inspiring research within the field of materials science and metallurgy.

Materials and Processes

Materials and Processes Book
Author : Barrie D. Dunn
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-29
ISBN : 3319233629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The objective of this book is to assist scientists and engineers select the ideal material or manufacturing process for particular applications; these could cover a wide range of fields, from light-weight structures to electronic hardware. The book will help in problem solving as it also presents more than 100 case studies and failure investigations from the space sector that can, by analogy, be applied to other industries. Difficult-to-find material data is included for reference. The sciences of metallic (primarily) and organic materials presented throughout the book demonstrate how they can be applied as an integral part of spacecraft product assurance schemes, which involve quality, material and processes evaluations, and the selection of mechanical and component parts. In this successor edition, which has been revised and updated, engineering problems associated with critical spacecraft hardware and the space environment are highlighted by over 500 illustrations including micrographs and fractographs. Space hardware captured by astronauts and returned to Earth from long durations in space are examined. Information detailed in the Handbook is applicable to general terrestrial applications including consumer electronics as well as high reliability systems associated with aeronautics, medical equipment and ground transportation. This Handbook is also directed to those involved in maximizing the relia bility of new materials and processes for space technology and space engineering. It will be invaluable to engineers concerned with the construction of advanced structures or mechanical and electronic sub-systems.

Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1975-07
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nuclear Science Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Corrosion Prevention of Magnesium Alloys

Corrosion Prevention of Magnesium Alloys Book
Author : Guang-Ling Song
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-02-22
ISBN : 0857098969
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Magnesium (Mg) alloys are receiving increasing attention due to their abundance, light weight, castability, formability, mechanical properties and corrosion performance. By selecting the appropriate combination of materials, coatings and surface modifications, their corrosion resistance can be greatly enhanced. Corrosion prevention of magnesium alloys is a comprehensive guide to the effective prevention of corrosion in these important light metals. Part one discusses alloying, inhibition and prevention strategies for magnesium alloys as well as corrosion and prevention principles. Part two reviews surface treatment and conversion. Beginning with an overview of surface cleaning and pre-conditioning, the book goes on to discuss the use of surface processing and alloying, laser treatments, chemical conversion and electrochemical anodization to improve the corrosion resistance of magnesium alloys. Coatings are then the focus of part three, including varied plating techniques, cold spray coatings, gel and electroless electrophoresis coatings. Finally, the book concludes in part four with a selection of case studies investigating the application of preventative techniques for both automotive and medical applications. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Corrosion prevention of magnesium alloys is a key reference tool for all those working with magnesium and its alloys, including scientists, engineers, metallurgists, aerospace and automotive professionals, and academics interested in this field. Chapters provide an overview of surface cleaning and pre-conditioning Examines processes to improve the corrosion resistance of magnesium alloys, including laser treatments and chemical conversion and electrochemical anodization Discusses cold spray, sol-gel and electrophoretic coatings

Trends in Oil and Gas Corrosion Research and Technologies

Trends in Oil and Gas Corrosion Research and Technologies Book
Author : A. M. El-Sherik
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-06-09
ISBN : 0081012195
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Trends in Oil and Gas Corrosion Research and Technologies: Production and Transmission delivers the most up-to-date and highly multidisciplinary reference available to identify emerging developments, fundamental mechanisms and the technologies necessary in one unified source. Starting with a brief explanation on corrosion management that also addresses today’s most challenging issues for oil and gas production and transmission operations, the book dives into the latest advances in microbiology-influenced corrosion and other corrosion threats, such as stress corrosion cracking and hydrogen damage just to name a few. In addition, it covers testing and monitoring techniques, such as molecular microbiology and online monitoring for surface and subsurface facilities, mitigation tools, including coatings, nano-packaged biocides, modeling and prediction, cathodic protection and new steels and non-metallics. Rounding out with an extensive glossary and list of abbreviations, the book equips upstream and midstream corrosion professionals in the oil and gas industry with the most advanced collection of topics and solutions to responsibly help solve today’s oil and gas corrosion challenges. Covers the latest in corrosion mitigation techniques, such as corrosion inhibitors, biocides, non-metallics, coatings, and modeling and prediction Solves knowledge gaps with the most current technology and discoveries on specific corrosion mechanisms, highlighting where future research and industry efforts should be concentrated Achieves practical and balanced understanding with a full spectrum of subjects presented from multiple academic and world-renowned contributors in the industry

Handbook of Structural Life Assessment

Handbook of Structural Life Assessment Book
Author : Raouf A. Ibrahim
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-03-29
ISBN : 1119135486
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This important, self-contained reference deals with structural life assessment (SLA) and structural health monitoring (SHM) in a combined form. SLA periodically evaluates the state and condition of a structural system and provides recommendations for possible maintenance actions or the end of structural service life. It is a diversified field and relies on the theories of fracture mechanics, fatigue damage process, and reliability theory. For common structures, their life assessment is not only governed by the theory of fracture mechanics and fatigue damage process, but by other factors such as corrosion, grounding, and sudden collision. On the other hand, SHM deals with the detection, prediction, and location of crack development online. Both SLA and SHM are combined in a unified and coherent treatment.

Corrosion and Corrosion Prevention of Low Density Metals and Alloys

Corrosion and Corrosion Prevention of Low Density Metals and Alloys Book
Author : B. A. Shaw,Rudolph G. Buchheit,J. P. Moran,Electrochemical Society. Corrosion Division,Electrochemical Society. Meeting
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9781566772907
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Corrosion and Corrosion Prevention of Low Density Metals and Alloys book written by B. A. Shaw,Rudolph G. Buchheit,J. P. Moran,Electrochemical Society. Corrosion Division,Electrochemical Society. Meeting, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry

Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry Book
Author : Linda Garverick
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 1994-01-01
ISBN : 9780871705051
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive collection of peer-reviewed data and information on corrosion in the petroleum, petrochemical, and chemical processing industries from a number of ASM International publications. The principal sources are Corrosion, Volume 13, and Failure Analysis and Prevention, Volume 11 of ASM H

Safety and Reliability Theory and Applications

Safety and Reliability  Theory and Applications Book
Author : Marko Cepin,Radim Bris
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-06-14
ISBN : 1351809725
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Safety and Reliability – Theory and Applications contains the contributions presented at the 27th European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2017, Portorož, Slovenia, June 18-22, 2017). The book covers a wide range of topics, including: • Accident and Incident modelling • Economic Analysis in Risk Management • Foundational Issues in Risk Assessment and Management • Human Factors and Human Reliability • Maintenance Modeling and Applications • Mathematical Methods in Reliability and Safety • Prognostics and System Health Management • Resilience Engineering • Risk Assessment • Risk Management • Simulation for Safety and Reliability Analysis • Structural Reliability • System Reliability, and • Uncertainty Analysis. Selected special sessions include contributions on: the Marie Skłodowska-Curie innovative training network in structural safety; risk approaches in insurance and fi nance sectors; dynamic reliability and probabilistic safety assessment; Bayesian and statistical methods, reliability data and testing; oganizational factors and safety culture; software reliability and safety; probabilistic methods applied to power systems; socio-technical-economic systems; advanced safety assessment methodologies: extended Probabilistic Safety Assessment; reliability; availability; maintainability and safety in railways: theory & practice; big data risk analysis and management, and model-based reliability and safety engineering. Safety and Reliability – Theory and Applications will be of interest to professionals and academics working in a wide range of industrial and governmental sectors including: Aeronautics and Aerospace, Automotive Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Energy Production and Distribution, Environmental Engineering, Information Technology and Telecommunications, Critical Infrastructures, Insurance and Finance, Manufacturing, Marine Industry, Mechanical Engineering, Natural Hazards, Nuclear Engineering, Offshore Oil and Gas, Security and Protection, Transportation, and Policy Making.

Lubrication Corrosion and Wear

Lubrication  Corrosion and Wear Book
Author : United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Scientific and Technical Information Division
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1966
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Lubrication Corrosion and Wear book written by United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Scientific and Technical Information Division, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Metallurgy and Corrosion Control in Oil and Gas Production

Metallurgy and Corrosion Control in Oil and Gas Production Book
Author : Robert Heidersbach
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-09-17
ISBN : 1119252385
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Details the proper methods to assess, prevent, and reduce corrosion in the oil industry using today's most advanced technologies This book discusses upstream operations, with an emphasis on production, and pipelines, which are closely tied to upstream operations. It also examines protective coatings, alloy selection, chemical treatments, and cathodic protection—the main means of corrosion control. The strength and hardness levels of metals is also discussed, as this affects the resistance of metals to hydrogen embrittlement, a major concern for high-strength steels and some other alloys. It is intended for use by personnel with limited backgrounds in chemistry, metallurgy, and corrosion and will give them a general understanding of how and why corrosion occurs and the practical approaches to how the effects of corrosion can be mitigated. Metallurgy and Corrosion Control in Oil and Gas Production, Second Edition updates the original chapters while including a new case studies chapter. Beginning with an introduction to oilfield metallurgy and corrosion control, the book provides in-depth coverage of the field with chapters on: chemistry of corrosion; corrosive environments; materials; forms of corrosion; corrosion control; inspection, monitoring, and testing; and oilfield equipment. Covers all aspects of upstream oil and gas production from downhole drilling to pipelines and tanker terminal operations Offers an introduction to corrosion for entry-level corrosion control specialists Contains detailed photographs to illustrate descriptions in the text Metallurgy and Corrosion Control in Oil and Gas Production, Second Edition is an excellent book for engineers and related professionals in the oil and gas production industries. It will also be an asset to the entry-level corrosion control professional who may have a theoretical background in metallurgy, chemistry, or a related field, but who needs to understand the practical limitations of large-scale industrial operations associated with oil and gas production.

Welding Metallurgy and Weldability

Welding Metallurgy and Weldability Book
Author : John C. Lippold
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-11-24
ISBN : 1118230701
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describes the weldability aspects of structural materials used in a wide variety of engineering structures, including steels, stainless steels, Ni-base alloys, and Al-base alloys Welding Metallurgy and Weldability describes weld failure mechanisms associated with either fabrication or service, and failure mechanisms related to microstructure of the weldment. Weldability issues are divided into fabrication and service related failures; early chapters address hot cracking, warm (solid-state) cracking, and cold cracking that occur during initial fabrication, or repair. Guidance on failure analysis is also provided, along with examples of SEM fractography that will aid in determining failure mechanisms. Welding Metallurgy and Weldability examines a number of weldability testing techniques that can be used to quantify susceptibility to various forms of weld cracking. Describes the mechanisms of weldability along with methods to improve weldability Includes an introduction to weldability testing and techniques, including strain-to-fracture and Varestraint tests Chapters are illustrated with practical examples based on 30 plus years of experience in the field Illustrating the weldability aspects of structural materials used in a wide variety of engineering structures, Welding Metallurgy and Weldability provides engineers and students with the information needed to understand the basic concepts of welding metallurgy and to interpret the failures in welded components.

STAR

STAR Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1984-07
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download STAR book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.