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Hydrogen Embrittlement Theory And Prevention Of Hydrogen Damage In Metals And Alloys

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Hydrogen Embrittlement Theory and Prevention of Hydrogen Damage in Metals and Alloys

Hydrogen Embrittlement Theory and Prevention of Hydrogen Damage in Metals and Alloys Book
Author : Branko N. Popov,Jong-Won Lee,Milos B. Djukic
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-15
ISBN : 9780128198568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydrogen evolution and permeation are encountered during electroplating, corrosion, and cathodic protection. Hydrogen accumulates in areas of high stress and may reach a critical concentration, potentially causing fractures and catastrophic damage. Hydrogen Embrittlement Theory and Prevention of Hydrogen Damage in Metals and Alloys explores the theory of hydrogen permeation in metals and alloys, hydrogen embrittlement, stress corrosion cracking, and passivity materials selection as well as electrochemical and non-electrochemical methods for prevention of hydrogen-induced damage. Our goal is to help the next generation of engineers and scientists (i) understand the theory of hydrogen embrittlement and stress corrosion cracking as wells as hydrogen damage prevention strategies, (ii) design models for developing hydrogen damage-resistant alloys, and (iii) prevent damage of different industrial components due to the presence and localization of hydrogen in metals. To accomplish these objectives, the book offers case studies of hydrogen permeation, hydrogen embrittlement, mechanical properties of alloys, hydrogen damage control, and solved problems (with solutions) for the topics covered in the book. The book is self-containing and targets also senior graduate university corrosion engineering courses. The senior undergraduate students have the necessary mathematical exposure and ability to follow the subject. The book is useful for undergraduate corrosion courses taught in chemical, electrochemical, mechanical engineering, chemistry, metallurgy, and material science and will serve as references for individual study. Provides a comprehensive explanation on hydrogen permeation, hydrogen embrittlement, and hydrogen-induced stress corrosion cracking, creating difficulties in development of efficient strategies to preventing different types of hydrogen damage in metals and alloys Prepares the next generation of materials scientists, chemical engineers, and mechanical engineers to advance the hydrogen damage prevention strategies to a higher level and to develop advanced alloys resistant to hydrogen embrittlement and hydrogen-induced damage Discusses hydrogen-induced damage and hydrogen embrittlement mechanisms and the electrochemical and non-electrochemical prevention strategies as well as design of alloys resistive to hydrogen adsorption and embrittlement Includes solved case studies, corrosion analysis, and solved problems designed to help the reader to understand the fundamental principles from thermodynamics and electrochemical kinetics the chapters in the book are updated with data published in papers and reviews in the last 20 years, including the latest research and results

Hydrogen Embrittlement

Hydrogen Embrittlement Book
Author : Louis Raymond
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0803109598
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Hydrogen Embrittlement book written by Louis Raymond, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Corrosion Engineering

Corrosion Engineering Book
Author : Branko N. Popov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-02-26
ISBN : 0444627278
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Corrosion Engineering: Principles and Solved Problems covers corrosion engineering through an extensive theoretical description of the principles of corrosion theory, passivity and corrosion prevention strategies and design of corrosion protection systems. The book is updated with results published in papers and reviews in the last twenty years. Solved corrosion case studies, corrosion analysis and solved corrosion problems in the book are presented to help the reader to understand the corrosion fundamental principles from thermodynamics and electrochemical kinetics, the mechanism that triggers the corrosion processes at the metal interface and how to control or inhibit the corrosion rates. The book covers the multidisciplinary nature of corrosion engineering through topics from electrochemistry, thermodynamics, mechanical, bioengineering and civil engineering. Addresses the corrosion theory, passivity, material selections and designs Covers extensively the corrosion engineering protection strategies Contains over 500 solved problems, diagrams, case studies and end of chapter problems Could be used as a text in advanced/graduate corrosion courses as well self-study reference for corrosion engineers

Scanning Electron Microscopy and X Ray Microanalysis

Scanning Electron Microscopy and X Ray Microanalysis Book
Author : Joseph Goldstein,Dale E. Newbury,Patrick Echlin,David C. Joy,Charles Fiori,Eric Lifshin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 1461332737
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book has evolved by processes of selection and expansion from its predecessor, Practical Scanning Electron Microscopy (PSEM), published by Plenum Press in 1975. The interaction of the authors with students at the Short Course on Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Microanalysis held annually at Lehigh University has helped greatly in developing this textbook. The material has been chosen to provide a student with a general introduction to the techniques of scanning electron microscopy and x-ray microanalysis suitable for application in such fields as biology, geology, solid state physics, and materials science. Following the format of PSEM, this book gives the student a basic knowledge of (1) the user-controlled functions of the electron optics of the scanning electron microscope and electron microprobe, (2) the characteristics of electron-beam-sample inter actions, (3) image formation and interpretation, (4) x-ray spectrometry, and (5) quantitative x-ray microanalysis. Each of these topics has been updated and in most cases expanded over the material presented in PSEM in order to give the reader sufficient coverage to understand these topics and apply the information in the laboratory. Throughout the text, we have attempted to emphasize practical aspects of the techniques, describing those instru ment parameters which the microscopist can and must manipulate to obtain optimum information from the specimen. Certain areas in particular have been expanded in response to their increasing importance in the SEM field. Thus energy-dispersive x-ray spectrometry, which has undergone a tremendous surge in growth, is treated in substantial detail.

Advanced High Strength Steels

Advanced High Strength Steels Book
Author : Mahmoud Y. Demeri
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 2013-08-01
ISBN : 1627080058
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Examines the types, microstructures and attributes of AHSSAlso reviews the current and future applications, the benefits, trends and environmental and sustainability issues.

Solutions to Hydrogen Attack in Steels

Solutions to Hydrogen Attack in Steels Book
Author : P. F. Timmins
Publisher : Asm International
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is designed to help metallurgical, chemical, mechanical and reliability engineers responsible for the safe operation and maintenance of equipment made of steel.

Hydrogen Embrittlement Testing

Hydrogen Embrittlement Testing Book
Author : Louis Raymond
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 1974
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Hydrogen Embrittlement Testing book written by Louis Raymond, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Gaseous Hydrogen Embrittlement of Materials in Energy Technologies

Gaseous Hydrogen Embrittlement of Materials in Energy Technologies Book
Author : Richard P Gangloff,Brian P Somerday
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-01-16
ISBN : 0857093894
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many modern energy systems are reliant on the production, transportation, storage, and use of gaseous hydrogen. The safety, durability, performance and economic operation of these systems is challenged by operating-cycle dependent degradation by hydrogen of otherwise high performance materials. This important two-volume work provides a comprehensive and authoritative overview of the latest research into managing hydrogen embrittlement in energy technologies. Volume 1 is divided into three parts, the first of which provides an overview of the hydrogen embrittlement problem in specific technologies including petrochemical refining, automotive hydrogen tanks, nuclear waste disposal and power systems, and H2 storage and distribution facilities. Part two then examines modern methods of characterization and analysis of hydrogen damage and part three focuses on the hydrogen degradation of various alloy classes With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Volume 1 of Gaseous hydrogen embrittlement of materials in energy technologies is an invaluable reference tool for engineers, designers, materials scientists, and solid mechanicians working with safety-critical components fabricated from high performance materials required to operate in severe environments based on hydrogen. Impacted technologies include aerospace, petrochemical refining, gas transmission, power generation and transportation. Summarises the wealth of recent research on understanding and dealing with the safety, durability, performance and economic operation of using gaseous hydrogen at high pressure Reviews how hydrogen embrittlement affects particular sectors such as the petrochemicals, automotive and nuclear industries Discusses how hydrogen embrittlement can be characterised and its effects on particular alloy classes

Metals handbook

Metals handbook Book
Author : Gordon W. Powell
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 9780871700070
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Metals handbook book written by Gordon W. Powell, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Gaseous Hydrogen Embrittlement of Materials in Energy Technologies

Gaseous Hydrogen Embrittlement of Materials in Energy Technologies Book
Author : Richard P Gangloff,Brian P Somerday
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-01-19
ISBN : 0857095374
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many modern energy systems are reliant on the production, transportation, storage, and use of gaseous hydrogen. The safety, durability, performance and economic operation of these systems is challenged by operating-cycle dependent degradation by hydrogen of otherwise high performance materials. This important two-volume work provides a comprehensive and authoritative overview of the latest research into managing hydrogen embrittlement in energy technologies. Volume 2 is divided into three parts, part one looks at the mechanisms of hydrogen interactions with metals including chapters on the adsorption and trap-sensitive diffusion of hydrogen and its impact on deformation and fracture processes. Part two investigates modern methods of modelling hydrogen damage so as to predict material-cracking properties. The book ends with suggested future directions in science and engineering to manage the hydrogen embrittlement of high-performance metals in energy systems. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Volume 2 of Gaseous hydrogen embrittlement of materials in energy technologies is an invaluable reference tool for engineers, designers, materials scientists, and solid mechanicians working with safety-critical components fabricated from high performance materials required to operate in severe environments based on hydrogen. Impacted technologies include aerospace, petrochemical refining, gas transmission, power generation and transportation. Summarises the wealth of recent research on understanding and dealing with the safety, durability, performance and economic operation of using gaseous hydrogen at high pressure Chapters review mechanisms of hydrogen embrittlement including absorption, diffusion and trapping of hydrogen in metals Analyses ways of modelling hydrogen-induced damage and assessing service life

Stress Corrosion Cracking

Stress Corrosion Cracking Book
Author : V S Raja,Tetsuo Shoji
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-09-22
ISBN : 0857093762
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The problem of stress corrosion cracking (SCC), which causes sudden failure of metals and other materials subjected to stress in corrosive environment(s), has a significant impact on a number of sectors including the oil and gas industries and nuclear power production. Stress corrosion cracking reviews the fundamentals of the phenomenon as well as examining stress corrosion behaviour in specific materials and particular industries. The book is divided into four parts. Part one covers the mechanisms of SCC and hydrogen embrittlement, while the focus of part two is on methods of testing for SCC in metals. Chapters in part three each review the phenomenon with reference to a specific material, with a variety of metals, alloys and composites discussed, including steels, titanium alloys and polymer composites. In part four, the effect of SCC in various industries is examined, with chapters covering subjects such as aerospace engineering, nuclear reactors, utilities and pipelines. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Stress corrosion cracking is an essential reference for engineers and designers working with metals, alloys and polymers, and will be an invaluable tool for any industries in which metallic components are exposed to tension, corrosive environments at ambient and high temperatures. Examines the mechanisms of stress corrosion cracking (SCC) presenting recognising testing methods and materials resistant to SCC Assesses the effect of SCC on particular metals featuring steel, stainless steel, nickel-based alloys, magnesium alloys, copper-based alloys and welds in steels Reviews the monitoring and management of SCC and the affect of SCC in different industries such as petrochemical and aerospace

Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry Second Edition

Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry  Second Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 2015-12-01
ISBN : 1627080945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Originally published in 1994, this second edition of Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry collects peer-reviewed articles written by experts in the field of corrosion that were specifically chosen for this book because of their relevance to the petrochemical industry. This edition expands coverage of the different forms of corrosion, including the effects of metallurgical variables on the corrosion of several alloys. It discusses protection methods, including discussion of corrosion inhibitors and corrosion resistance of aluminum, magnesium, stainless steels, and nickels. It also includes a section devoted specifically to petroleum and petrochemical industry related issues.

Corrosion Tests and Standards

Corrosion Tests and Standards Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 2022-09-27
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Corrosion Tests and Standards book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry

Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry Book
Author : Linda Garverick
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 1994-01-01
ISBN : 9780871705051
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive collection of peer-reviewed data and information on corrosion in the petroleum, petrochemical, and chemical processing industries from a number of ASM International publications. The principal sources are Corrosion, Volume 13, and Failure Analysis and Prevention, Volume 11 of ASM H

Corrosion Problems and Solutions in Oil Refining and Petrochemical Industry

Corrosion Problems and Solutions in Oil Refining and Petrochemical Industry Book
Author : Alec Groysman
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-24
ISBN : 3319452568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses corrosion problems and their solutions at facilities in the oil refining and petrochemical industry, including cooling water and boiler feed water units. Further, it describes and analyzes corrosion control actions, corrosion monitoring, and corrosion management. Corrosion problems are a perennial issue in the oil refining and petrochemical industry, as they lead to a deterioration of the functional properties of metallic equipment and harm the environment – both of which need to be protected for the sake of current and future generations. Accordingly, this book examines and analyzes typical and atypical corrosion failure cases and their prevention at refineries and petrochemical facilities, including problems with: pipelines, tanks, furnaces, distillation columns, absorbers, heat exchangers, and pumps. In addition, it describes naphthenic acid corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, hydrogen damages, sulfidic corrosion, microbiologically induced corrosion, erosion-corrosion, and corrosion fatigue occurring at refinery units. At last, fouling, corrosion and cleaning are discussed in this book.

Effects of Subsonic Mach Number on the Forces and Pressure Distributions on Four NACA 64A series Airfoil Sections at Angles of Attack as High as 28 Degrees

Effects of Subsonic Mach Number on the Forces and Pressure Distributions on Four NACA 64A series Airfoil Sections at Angles of Attack as High as 28 Degrees Book
Author : Louis S. Stivers
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1954
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A region of slight compression, heretofore undescribed, was established within the local supersonic region on each of the airfoil sections near the leading edge in place of an expected expansion. This leading edge compression region was formed just downstream of the abrupt.

Technical Note National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics

Technical Note   National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics Book
Author : United States. National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1954
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Technical Note National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics book written by United States. National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Technical Note

Technical Note Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1954
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Technical Note book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Corrosion Control

Corrosion Control Book
Author : S. Bradford
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1468488457
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human beings undoubtedly became aware of corrosion just after they made their first metals. These people probably began to control corrosion very so on after that by trying to keep metal away from corrosive environments. "Bring your tools in out of the rain" and "Clean the blood off your sword right after battle" would have been early maxims. Now that the mechanisms of corrosion are better understood, more techniques have been developed to control it. My corrosion experience extends over 10 years in industry and research and over 20 years teaching corrosion courses to university engineering students and industrial consulting. During that time I have developed an approach to corrosion that has successfully trained over 1500 engineers. This book treats corrosion and high-temperature oxidation separately. Corrosion is divided into three groups: (1) chemical dissolution including uniform attack, (2) electrochemical corrosion from either metallurgicalor environmental cells, and (3) corrosive-mechanical interactions. It seems more logical to group corrosion according to mechanisms than to arbitrarily separate them into 8 or 20 different types of corrosion as if they were unrelated. University students and industry personnel alike generally are afraid of chemistry and consequently approach corrosion theory very hesitantly. In this text the electrochemical reactions responsible for corrosion are summed up in only five simple half-cell reactions. When these are combined on a polarization diagram, which is explained in detail, the electrochemical pro cesses become obvious.

Physical Metallurgy of High Manganese Steels

Physical Metallurgy of High Manganese Steels Book
Author : Wolfgang Bleck,Christian Haase
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-12-06
ISBN : 3039218565
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Special Issue ‘Physical Metallurgy of High Manganese Steels’ addresses the highly fascinating class of manganese-alloyed steels with manganese contents well above 3 mass%. The book gathers manuscripts from internationally recognized researchers with stimulating new ideas and original results. It consists of fifteen original research papers. Seven contributions focus on steels with manganese contents above 12 mass%. These contributions cover fundamental aspects of process-microstrcuture-properties relationships with processes ranging from cold and warm rolling over deep rolling to heat treatment. Novel findings regarding the fatigue and fracture behavior, deformation mechanisms, and computer-aided design are presented. Additionally, the Special Issue also reflects the current trend of reduced Mn content (3-12 mass%) in advanced high strength steels (AHSS). Eight contributions were dedicated to these alloys, which are often referred to as 3rd generation AHSS, medium manganese steels or quenching and partitioning (Q&P/Q+P) steels. The interplay between advanced processing, mainly novel annealing variants, and microstructure evolution has been addressed using computational and experimental approaches. A deeper understanding of strain-rate sensitivity, hydrogen embrittlement, phase transformations, and the consequences for the materials’ properties has been developed. Hence, the topics included are manifold, fundamental-science oriented and, at the same time, relevant to industrial application.