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Hydraulic Fracturing Explained

Hydraulic Fracturing Explained Book
Author : Erle C. Donaldson,Waqi Alam,Nasrin Begum
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-02-25
ISBN : 0127999965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rocks mechanics legend Erle Donaldson, along with colleagues Waqi Alam and Nasrin Begum from the oil and gas consultant company Tetrahedron, have authored this handbook on updated fundamentals and more recent technology used during a common hydraulic fracturing procedure. Meant for technical and non-technical professionals interested in the subject of hydraulic fracturing, the book provides a clear and simple explanation of the technology and related issues to promote the safe development of petroleum reserves leading to energy independence throughout the world.

Hydraulic Fracturing Explained

Hydraulic Fracturing Explained Book
Author : Pradeep Sachan
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015-08-01
ISBN : 9781681174020
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydraulic Fracturing Explained: Evaluation, Implementation, and Challenges provides updated fundamentals and more recent technology used during a common hydraulic fracturing procedure. Meant for technical and non-technical professionals interested in the subject of hydraulic fracturing, the book provides a clear and simple explanation of the technology and related issues to promote the safe development of petroleum reserves leading to energy independence throughout the world. The developments of hydraulic fracturing technology were coupled to the excitement of the rapid discoveries of gas-shale around the world that could suddenly be produced economically and efficiently. The goal of this book is to advance hydraulic fracturing technology that is effective in its purpose and sustainable in its impacts on communities and environments by bringing together hydraulic fracturing experts not only from the oil and gas industry, but also from other application areas of hydraulic fracturing such as mining and geothermal energy production.

Surface Chemistry and Geochemistry of Hydraulic Fracturing

Surface Chemistry and Geochemistry of Hydraulic Fracturing Book
Author : K. S. Birdi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-10-14
ISBN : 1315355116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Unique in focus, Surface Chemistry and Geochemistry of Hydraulic Fracturing examines the surface chemistry and phenomena in the hydrofracking process. Under great scrutiny as of late, the physico-chemical properties of hydrofracking are fully detailed and explained. Topics include the adsorption-desorption of gas on the shale reservoir surface and relevant waste-water treatment dependent on various surface chemistry principles. The aim of this book is to help engineers and research scientists recognize the basic surface chemistry principles related to this subject. Written by a long-time expert in the field, this book presents an unbiased account of the hard science and engineering involved in a resource that is gaining growing attention within the community.

Geomechanics and Hydraulic Fracturing for Shale Reservoirs

Geomechanics and Hydraulic Fracturing for Shale Reservoirs Book
Author : Yu Wang
Publisher : Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. USA
Release : 2020-07-01
ISBN : 1618968963
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is intended as a reference book for advanced graduate students and research engineers in shale gas development or rock mechanical engineering. Globally, there is widespread interest in exploiting shale gas resources to meet rising energy demands, maintain energy security and stability in supply and reduce dependence on higher carbon sources of energy, namely coal and oil. However, extracting shale gas is a resource intensive process and is dependent on the geological and geomechanical characteristics of the source rocks, making the development of certain formations uneconomic using current technologies. Therefore, evaluation of the physical and mechanical properties of shale, together with technological advancements, is critical in verifying the economic viability of such formation. Accurate geomechanical information about the rock and its variation through the shale is important since stresses along the wellbore can control fracture initiation and frac development. In addition, hydraulic fracturing has been widely employed to enhance the production of oil and gas from underground reservoirs. Hydraulic fracturing is a complex operation in which the fluid is pumped at a high pressure into a selected section of the wellbore. The interaction between the hydraulic fractures and natural fractures is the key to fracturing effectiveness prediction and high gas development. The development and growth of a hydraulic fracture through the natural fracture systems of shale is probably more complex than can be described here, but may be somewhat predictable if the fracture system and the development of stresses can be explained. As a result, comprehensive shale geomechanical experiments, physical modeling experiment and numerical investigations should be conducted to reveal the fracturing mechanical behaviors of shale.

Environmental Issues Concerning Hydraulic Fracturing

Environmental Issues Concerning Hydraulic Fracturing Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-10-30
ISBN : 0128128038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Issues Concerning Hydraulic Fracturing, Volume One captures the state-of-the-art research currently used to evaluate the potential impact of unconventional gas and oil gas extraction processes. Topics in this comprehensive guide on the topic include chapters on The Human Health Implications of Unconventional Oil and Gas Development, The use of Noble Gas Analysis and other Forensic Techniques in Characterizing Contamination Pathways Associated with Oil and Gas Development, Well Integrity, Contamination Mechanisms and Groundwater Impacts Associated with Unconventional Oil and Gas Development, and Advances in Fracturing and Well Construction: Improving Efficiency and Reducing Risks. This serial explores a wide breadth of emerging and state-of-the-art technologies used to study the potential environmental impact and various processes in the massive industrial process of shale exploration and resource extraction. Covers a wide breadth of emerging and state-of-the-art technologies Includes contributions from an International board of authors Provides a comprehensive set of reviews, covering the potential impact of unconventional gas and oil gas extraction processes

Self potential Observations During Hydraulic Fracturing

Self potential Observations During Hydraulic Fracturing Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The self-potential (SP) response during hydraulic fracturing of intact Sierra granite was investigated in the laboratory. Excellent correlation of pressure drop and SP suggests that the SP response is created primarily by electrokinetic coupling. For low pressures, the variation of SP with pressure drop is linear, indicating a constant coupling coefficient (Cc) of -200 mV/MPa. However for pressure drops>2 MPa, the magnitude of the Cc increases by 80% in an exponential trend. This increasing Cc is related to increasing permeability at high pore pressures caused by dilatancy of micro-cracks, and is explained by a decrease in the hydraulic tortuosity. Resistivity measurements reveal a decrease of 2% prior to hydraulic fracturing and a decrease of (almost equal to)35% after fracturing. An asymmetric spatial SP response created by injectate diffusion into dilatant zones is observed prior to hydraulic fracturing, and in most cases this SP variation revealed the impending crack geometry seconds before failure. At rupture, injectate rushes into the new fracture area where the zeta potential is different than in the rock porosity, and an anomalous SP spike is observed. After fracturing, the spatial SP distribution reveals the direction of fracture propagation. Finally, during tensile cracking in a point load device with no water flow, a SP spike is observed that is caused by contact electrification. However, the time constant of this event is much less than that for transients observed during hydraulic fracturing, suggesting that SP created solely from material fracture does not contribute to the SP response during hydraulic fracturing.

Fracking

Fracking Book
Author : Michael D. Holloway
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-06-01
ISBN : 1119364329
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the first edition of Fracking was published, hydraulic fracturing has continued to be hotly debated. Credited with bringing the US and other countries closer to “energy independence,” and blamed for tainted drinking water and earthquakes, hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) continues to be one of the hottest topics and fiercely debated issues in the energy industry and in politics. Covering all of the latest advances in fracking since the first edition was published, this expanded and updated revision still contains all of the valuable original content for the engineer or layperson to understand the technology and its ramifications. Useful not only as a tool for the practicing engineer solve day-to-day problems that come with working in hydraulic fracturing, it is also a wealth of information covering the possible downsides of what many consider to be a very valuable practice. Many others consider it dangerous, and it is important to see both sides of the argument, from an apolitical, logical standpoint. While induced hydraulic fracturing utilizes many different engineering disciplines, this book explains these concepts in an easy to understand format. The primary use of this book shall be to increase the awareness of a new and emerging technology and what the various ramifications can be. The reader shall be exposed to many engineering concepts and terms. All of these ideas and practices shall be explained within the body. A science or engineering background is not required.

The technological process on Offshore Drilling Platforms explained step by step

The technological process on Offshore Drilling Platforms explained step by step Book
Author : Petrogav International Oil & Gas Training Center
Publisher : Petrogav International
Release : 2020-07-02
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This course covers aspects like HSE, Process, Mechanical, Electrical and Instrumentation & Control that will enable you to apply for any position in the Oil and Gas Industry. The job interview is probably the most important step you will take in your job search journey. Because it's always important to be prepared to respond effectively to the questions that employers typically ask at a job interview Petrogav International has prepared this eBooks that will help you to get a job in oil and gas industry. As a BONUS this eBook contains web addresses to 305 video movies for a better understanding of the technological process and 193 web addresses to recruitment companies where you may apply for a job.

Fracking A Reference Handbook

Fracking  A Reference Handbook Book
Author : David E. Newton
Publisher : ABC-CLIO
Release : 2015-01-16
ISBN : 1610696921
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of fracking is a tremendously important technology for the recovery of oil and gas, but the advantages and costs of fracking remain controversial. This book examines the issues and social, economic, political, and legal aspects of fracking in the United States. • Provides readers with a complete historical review of the origins, development, and expansion of the use of fracking • Explains the technical principles related to the use of fracking in clear, nontechnical language • Presents an unbiased review of the arguments for and against the use of fracking for the recovery of oil and gas • Supplies a summary of the history of the use of fracking in the United States

Hydraulic Fracturing Fracking Procedures Issues and Benefits

Hydraulic Fracturing  Fracking    Procedures  Issues  and Benefits Book
Author : Okon Obo, PhD
Publisher : Okon Obo, PhD
Release : 2015-06-08
ISBN : 0986029629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydraulic Fracturing is a unique oil and gas reservoir stimulation technique that has positioned itself as the industry’s choice for developing Tight/Shale Oil and Gas fields. Together with horizontal well, this technology unlocks impervious shale rocks - releasing crude oil and natural gas that otherwise would not have been possible by using conventional exploration and production methods. This detailed 2nd Edition has many illustrations, giving readers solid foundation in the procedures, issues, benefits, and reverse benefits associated with current shale reservoir development using Hydraulic Fracturing (Fracking). Book contents, among others, include a concise explanation on: * Natural Gas/crude oil (Conventional and Unconventional) * Formation Preparation for Hydraulic Fracturing * Well Drilling Process * Well Completion Process (Perforation) * Horizontal Well: The Preferred Well Configuration for Fracking * Hydraulic Fracturing – Procedures, etc. * Offshore Fracking: Quietly on the rise * Common Misconception of Fracking Technique * Environmental Concerns of Hydraulic Fracturing * Benefits and reverse benefits of Hydraulic Fracturing * Winners and losers when oil and gas prices fall * Eco-Friendly Alternatives to Hydraulic Fracturing Those who use this book include Technical/Nontechnical persons, students, and all that are following the trend in the global oil and gas industry. Readers are given a good footing on the procedures, issues, and benefits concerning “Hydraulic Fracturing (Fracking)”.

Emerging Issues in Groundwater Resources

Emerging Issues in Groundwater Resources Book
Author : Ali Fares
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-11
ISBN : 3319320084
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses how emerging groundwater risks under current and potential climate change conductions reduce available groundwater resources for domestic use, and agriculture and energy production. The topics discussed throughout this book are grouped into five sections; (i) Sea Level Rise, Climate Change, and Food Security, (ii) Emerging Contaminants, (iii) Technologies and Decision Support Systems, (iv) Surface Water-Groundwater Interactions, and (v) Economics, and Energy Production and Development. This book is unique and different from other groundwater hydrology books in that it uses a holistic approach in investigating the risks related to groundwater resources. This book will be of interest to a wide audience in academia, governmental and non-governmental organizations, and environmental entities. This book will greatly contribute to a better understanding of the emerging risks to groundwater resources and should help responsible stakeholders make informed decisions in this regard.

Hydraulic Fracturing in Earth rock Fill Dams

Hydraulic Fracturing in Earth rock Fill Dams Book
Author : Jun-Jie Wang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-04-11
ISBN : 1118725565
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents a systematic and comprehensive study of hydraulic fracturing, original in its concentration of core soil problems There have been a number of well-studied cases in which dams have failed or been damaged by concentrated leaks for no apparent cause. In some of these experiences, investigators concluded that differential settlement cracks were the probable causes, even though no cracks were seen on the surface. In these examples, it was not determined whether the crack was open before the reservoir filled or whether it might have opened afterward. In several unsolved problems on the safety of the earth-rock fill dam, the problem of hydraulic fracture in the soil core of the earth-rock fill dam is one that is widely paid attention by designers and researchers. Hydraulic fracturing is generally considered as a key cause which may induce the leakage of the dam during first filling. In this extensive book, a new numerical simulate method is suggested. The method is based on the conventional two-dimensional finite element technique, and the theoretical formulations to calculate energy release rate using virtual crack extension method. The influence factors on convergence of calculated J integral are investigated. The accuracy of the calculated J integral is verified by analysing the three typical problems in Fracture Mechanics, in which propagation of crack may follow mode I, mode II and mixed mode I-II respectively. Using the new numerical method, the factors affecting the occurrence of hydraulic fracturing in the earth-rock fill dam are investigated. The investigating results indicate that increasing any of the Young’s modulus, the Poisson’s ratio and the density of the core soil is helpful to reduce the likelihood of the occurrence of hydraulic fracturing. The likelihood of the occurrence of hydraulic fracturing increases with increasing the water level or the crack depth. The lower part of the dam core is the zone in which the phenomenon of hydraulic fracturing may be induced easily. As an example to analyse the ability of earth-rock fill dam to resist hydraulic fracturing, the Nuozhadu Dam located in Western China is analysed. Presents a systematic and comprehensive study of hydraulic fracturing, original in its concentration of core soil problems Focuses on the problem of hydraulic fracturing in earth-rock fill dams from three aspects; conditions and mechanisms of hydraulic fracturing, criterion of hydraulic fracturing, and numerical method on hydraulic fracturing Examines advanced laboratory soil testing, application of numerical methods and field testing/monitoring, all needed for a better understanding of hydraulic fracturing in earth/rock fill dams Provides an essential reference in an area of scarce research in this field, and the need in high earth dam construction in developing countries is pressing Ideal for researchers in Hydraulic and Geotechnical Engineering Fields; Students on Masters or PhD courses; as well as Designers and Constructors in Hydraulic and Geotechnical Engineering Fields.

Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources

Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources Book
Author : Reza Barati,Mustafa M. Alhubail
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-12-10
ISBN : 1119420326
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive textbook presenting techniques for the analysis and characterization of shale plays Significant reserves of hydrocarbons cannot be extracted using conventional methods. Improvements in techniques such as horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing have increased access to unconventional hydrocarbon resources, ushering in the “shale boom” and disrupting the energy sector. Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources: Techniques for Reservoir Engineering Analysis covers the geochemistry, petrophysics, geomechanics, and economics of unconventional shale oil plays. The text uses a step-by-step approach to demonstrate industry-standard workflows for calculating resource volume and optimizing the extraction process. Volume highlights include: Methods for rock and fluid characterization of unconventional shale plays A workflow for analyzing wells with stimulated reservoir volume regions An unconventional approach to understanding of fluid flow through porous media A comprehensive summary of discoveries of massive shale resources worldwide Data from Eagle Ford, Woodford, Wolfcamp, and The Bakken shale plays Examples, homework assignments, projects, and access to supplementary online resources Hands-on teaching materials for use in petroleum engineering software applications The American Geophysical Union promotes discovery in Earth and space science for the benefit of humanity. Its publications disseminate scientific knowledge and provide resources for researchers, students, and professionals.

Offshore Well Completion and Stimulation

Offshore Well Completion and Stimulation Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Roundtable on Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2019-06-08
ISBN : 030949236X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While the public is generally aware of the use of hydraulic fracturing for unconventional resource development onshore, it is less familiar with the well completion and stimulation technologies used in offshore operations, including hydraulic fracturing, gravel packs, "fracpacks," and acid stimulation. Just as onshore technologies have improved, these well completion and stimulation technologies for offshore hydrocarbon resource development have progressed over many decades. To increase public understanding of these technologies, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine established a planning committee to organize and convene a workshop on Offshore Well Completion and Stimulation: Using Hydraulic Fracturing and Other Technologies on October 2-3, 2017, in Washington, DC. This workshop examined the unique features about operating in the U.S. offshore environment, including well completion and stimulation technologies, environmental considerations and concerns, and health and safety management. Participants from across government, industry, academia, and nonprofit sectors shared their perspectives on operational and regulatory approaches to mitigating risks to the environment and to humans in the development of offshore resources. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Environmental Technology in the Oil Industry

Environmental Technology in the Oil Industry Book
Author : Stefan Orszulik
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-01-26
ISBN : 3319243349
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This significantly updated edition looks at each stage in the life cycle of petroleum products, from exploration to end use, examining the environmental pressures on the oil industry and its response. Technical developments are progressing in line with environmental concerns and increasing sophistication of computer modelling techniques. These subjects are interrelated, but have often been dealt with independently. This book explores these topics together in a way that is understandable to the non-expert, and those who are expert in one field, but wish to see their expertise discussed in the overall context. Written primarily for those working in the oil and related industries, this book also provides essential reference material for government and research institutions and all those with an interest in environmental technological issues.

Hydraulic Fracturing Impacts and Technologies

Hydraulic Fracturing Impacts and Technologies Book
Author : Venki Uddameri,Audra Morse,Kay J. Tindle
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-06-22
ISBN : 1498721214
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydraulic Fracturing Impacts and Technologies: A Multidisciplinary Perspective serves as an introduction to hydraulic fracturing and provides balanced coverage of its benefits and potential negative effects. Presenting a holistic assessment of hydraulic fracturing and its environmental impacts, this book chronicles the history and development of unconventional oil and gas production and describes the risks associated with the use of these technologies. More specifically, it addresses hydraulic fracturing’s use and dependence on large amounts of water as a fracturing medium. It examines the limits of reusing flowback and produced water, explores cost-effective ways to clean or effectively dispose of water used in fracturing, and provides suggestions for the efficient use, discovery, and recycle potential of non-potable water. Utilizing a team of experts from industry and academia, the text provides readers with a multiple lens approach—incorporating various perspectives and solutions surrounding this evolving technology. This book: Leads with an overview of hydraulic fracturing operations and technologies Considers a variety of legal issues associated with hydraulic fracturing Summarizes human health and environmental risks associated with hydraulic fracturing operations Discusses the analytes chosen by researchers as possible indicators of groundwater contamination from unconventional drilling processes Presents strategies for reducing the freshwater footprint of hydraulic fracturing Discusses water treatment technologies and solutions to recycle and reuse produced waters, and more Hydraulic Fracturing Impacts and Technologies: A Multidisciplinary Perspective brings together experts from disciplines that include petroleum, civil, and environmental engineering; environmental sciences chemistry toxicology; law; media; and communications; and provides readers with a multidisciplinary outlook and unbiased, scientifically credible solutions to issues surrounding hydraulic fracturing operations.

Study of propped material of fractures stimulated by hydraulic fracturing in oil wells

Study of propped material of fractures stimulated by hydraulic fracturing in oil wells Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A viabilidade da exploração de um campo petrolífero está associada àscaracterísticas produtivas da formação, obtidas mediante o desenvolvimento e aaplicação de técnicas capazes de aumentar a economicidade dos poços. Atécnica de estimulação mais utilizada atualmente é o fraturamento hidráulico, que tem como uma das etapas principais a injeção de um material granular, denominado de propante, para a manutenção da abertura da fratura. Tal técnicatem como obstáculo o refluxo do propante para o interior do poço (proppantflowback), ocasionando diversos problemas que podem levar à interrupção daprodução do mesmo. Alguns modelos teóricos e empíricos foram desenvolvidospara a previsão desse fenômeno, mas os mecanismos que o governam não sãoainda claramente explicados. Alguns fatores que influenciam na produção depropante são largura da fratura, tensão de fechamento, gradiente hidráulico ecaracterísticas do propante. O refluxo de propante não é considerado nosprocedimentos atuais de projeto de fraturamento hidráulico. Nessa dissertaçãode mestrado foi desenvolvida uma ferramenta computacional com umaarquitetura orientada a objeto, em linguagem de programação Java, para aanálise de estabilidade do propante no interior da fratura com base em modelosempíricos e teóricos. Além disso, foi investigada a influência da inclusão derestrições no projeto de fraturamento de modo a prevenir o fenômeno. Busca-se, desse modo, a obtenção de melhores projetos de fraturamento hidráulicos comprevenção do refluxo de propante, garantindo a produtividade do poço eprolongando sua vida útil.

An Ethics of Science Communication

An Ethics of Science Communication Book
Author : Fabien Medvecky,Joan Leach
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-01
ISBN : 3030321169
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the first comprehensive set of principles for an ethics of science communication. We all want to communicate science ethically, but how do we do so? What does being ethical when communicating science even mean? The authors argue that ethical reasoning is essential training for science communicators. The book provides an overview of the relationship between values, science, and communication. Ethical problems are examined to consider how to create an ethics of science communication. These issues range from the timing of communication, narratives, accuracy and persuasion, to funding and the client-public tension. The book offers a tailor-made ethics of science communication based on principlism. Case studies are used to demonstrate how this tailor-made ethics can be applied in practice.

Toxic and Intoxicating Oil

Toxic and Intoxicating Oil Book
Author : Patricia Widener
Publisher : Rutgers University Press
Release : 2021-03-12
ISBN : 1978805055
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

When oil and gas exploration was expanding across Aotearoa New Zealand, Patricia Widener was there interviewing affected residents and environmental and climate activists, and attending community meetings and anti-drilling rallies. Exploration was occurring on an unprecedented scale when oil disasters dwelled in recent memory, socioecological worries were high, campaigns for climate action were becoming global, and transitioning toward a low carbon society seemed possible. Yet unlike other communities who have experienced either an oil spill, or hydraulic fracturing, or offshore exploration, or climate fears, or disputes over unresolved Indigenous claims, New Zealanders were facing each one almost simultaneously. Collectively, these grievances created the foundation for an organized civil society to construct and then magnify a comprehensive critical oil narrative--in dialogue, practice, and aspiration. Community advocates and socioecological activists mobilized for their health and well-being, for their neighborhoods and beaches, for Planet Earth and Planet Ocean, and for terrestrial and aquatic species and ecosystems. They rallied against toxic, climate-altering pollution; the extraction of fossil fuels; a myriad of historic and contemporary inequities; and for local, just, and sustainable communities, ecologies, economies, and/or energy sources. In this allied ethnography, quotes are used extensively to convey the tenor of some of the country’s most passionate and committed people. By analyzing the intersections of a social movement and the political economy of oil, Widener reveals a nuanced story of oil resistance and promotion at a time when many anti-drilling activists believed themselves to be on the front lines of the industry’s inevitable decline.

Local Autonomy as a Human Right

Local Autonomy as a Human Right Book
Author : Joshua Forrest
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release : 2021
ISBN : 153815451X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This interdisciplinary study argues that local control represents a universal social value that ought to be codified in international law as a human right.