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Hybrid Energy System Models

Hybrid Energy System Models Book
Author : Asmae Berrada,Rachid El Mrabet
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-12-04
ISBN : 012821404X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hybrid Energy System Models presents a number of techniques to model a large variety of hybrid energy systems in all aspects of sizing, design, operation, economic dispatch, optimization and control. The book's authors present a number of new methods to model hybrid energy systems and several renewable energy systems, including photovoltaic, solar plus wind and hydropower, energy storage, and combined heat and power systems. With critical modeling examples, global case studies and techno-economic modeling integrated in every chapter, this book is essential to understanding the development of affordable energy systems globally, particularly from renewable resources. With a detailed overview and a comparison of hybrid energy systems used in different regions, as well as innovative hybrid energy system designs covered, this book is useful for practicing power and energy engineers needing answers for what factors to consider when modeling a hybrid energy system and what tools are available to model hybrid systems. Combines research on several renewable energy systems, energy storage, and combined heat and power systems into a single informative resource on hybrid energy systems Includes significant global case studies of current and novel modeling techniques for comparison Covers numerical simulations of hybrid systems energy modeling and applications

Informing Energy and Climate Policies Using Energy Systems Models

Informing Energy and Climate Policies Using Energy Systems Models Book
Author : George Giannakidis,Maryse Labriet,Brian Ó Gallachóir,GianCarlo Tosato
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-04-06
ISBN : 3319165402
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights how energy-system models are used to underpin and support energy and climate mitigation policy decisions at national, multi-country and global levels. It brings together, for the first time in one volume, a range of methodological approaches and case studies of good modeling practice on a national and international scale from the IEA-ETSAP energy technology initiative. It provides insights for the reader into the rich and varied applications of energy-system models and the underlying methodologies and policy questions they can address. The book demonstrates how these models are used to answer complex policy questions, including those relating to energy security, climate change mitigation and the optimal allocation of energy resources. It will appeal to energy engineers and technology specialists looking for a rationale for innovation in the field of energy technologies and insights into their evolving costs and benefits. Energy economists will gain an understanding of the key future role of energy technologies and policy makers will learn how energy-system modeling teams can provide unique perspectives on national energy and environment challenges. The book is carefully structured into three parts which focus on i) policy decisions that have been underpinned by energy-system models, ii) specific aspects of supply and end-use sector modeling, including technology learning and behavior and iii) how additional insights can be gained from linking energy-system models with other models. The chapters elucidate key methodological features backed up with concrete applications. The book demonstrates the high degree of flexibility of the modeling tools used to represent extremely different energy systems, from national to global levels.

Stand Alone and Hybrid Wind Energy Systems

Stand Alone and Hybrid Wind Energy Systems Book
Author : J K Kaldellis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-07-27
ISBN : 1845699629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wind power is fast becoming one of the leading renewable energy sources worldwide, not only from large scale wind farms but also from the increasing penetration of stand-alone and hybrid wind energy systems. These systems are primarily of benefit in small-scale applications, especially where there is no connection to a central electricity network, and where there are limited conventional fuel resources but available renewable energy resources. By applying appropriate planning, systems selection and sizing, including the integration of energy storage devices to mitigate variable energy generation patterns, theses systems can supply secure reliable and economic power to remote locations and distributed micro-grids. Stand-alone and hybrid wind energy systems is a synthesis of the most recent knowledge and experience on wind-based hybrid renewable energy systems, comprehensively covering the scientific, technical and socio-economic issues involved in the application of these systems. Part one presents an overview of the fundamental science and engineering of stand-alone and hybrid wind energy systems and energy storage technology, including design and performance optimisation methods and feasibility assessment for these systems. Part two initially reviews the design, development, operation and optimisation of stand-alone and hybrid wind energy systems – including wind-diesel, wind -photovoltaic (PV), wind-hydrogen, and wind-hydropower energy systems – before moving on to examine applicable energy storage technology, including electro-chemical, flywheel (kinetic) and compressed air energy storage technologies. Finally, Part three assesses the integration of stand-alone and hybrid wind energy systems and energy technology into remote micro-grids and buildings, and their application for desalination systems. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Stand-alone and hybrid wind energy systems is a standard reference for all renewable energy professionals, consultants, researchers and academics from post-graduate level up. Provides an overview of the fundamental science and engineering of stand-alone hybrid and wind energy systems, including design and performance optimisation methods Reviews the development and operation of stand-alone and hybrid wind energy systems Assesses the integration of stand-alone and hybrid wind energy systems and energy storage technology into remote micro-grids and buildings, and their application for desalination systems

Wind Solar Hybrid Renewable Energy System

Wind Solar Hybrid Renewable Energy System Book
Author : Kenneth Eloghene Okedu,Ahmed Tahour,Abdel Ghani Aissaoui
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-02-26
ISBN : 1789845904
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a platform for scientists and engineers to comprehend the technologies of solar wind hybrid renewable energy systems and their applications. It describes the thermodynamic analysis of wind energy systems, and advanced monitoring, modeling, simulation, and control of wind turbines. Based on recent hybrid technologies considering wind and solar energy systems, this book also covers modeling, design, and optimization of wind solar energy systems in conjunction with grid-connected distribution energy management systems comprising wind photovoltaic (PV) models. In addition, solar thermochemical fuel generation topology and evaluation of PV wind hybrid energy for a small island are also included in this book. Since energy storage plays a vital role in renewable energy systems, another salient part of this book addresses the methodology for sizing hybrid battery-backed power generation systems in off-grid connected locations. Furthermore, the book proposes solutions for sustainable rural development via passive solar housing schemes, and the impacts of renewable energies in general, considering social, economic, and environmental factors. Because this book proposes solutions based on recent challenges in the area of hybrid renewable technologies, it is hoped that it will serve as a useful reference to readers who would like to be acquainted with new strategies of control and advanced technology regarding wind solar hybrid systems

Solar Energy Engineering of Solar Energy Systems

Solar Energy  Engineering of Solar Energy Systems Book
Author : Stanislav Kolisnychenko
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2015-07-31
ISBN : 3038269425
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The main advantages of solar energy are inexhaustibility and wide accessibility, as well as the relative environmental friendliness of its transformation into other forms of energy. The widespread use of solar energy requires the creation of functionally complete systems which convert solar energy into an element of a given technological process. The collection “Engineering of Solar Energy Systems” consists of papers published by Trans Tech Publications Inc. from 2010 to 2014 inclusive and covers a wide range of advanced achievements in the field of creating and designing systems for technological use of solar energy. The compiled scientific papers are presented in eight chapters: Chapter 1: Solar Systems for Heating, Cooling and Ventilation Chapter 2: Solar Energy in Environmental Treatment and Water Desalination Chapter 3: Solar Hydrogen Production Chapter 4: Systems for Electricity Supply Based on Solar Energy Chapter 5: Design of Components and Equipment for Solar Systems Chapter 6: Mechatronics, Control and Automation in Solar Energetics Chapter 7: Integration of Solar Technologies in the Architecture of Buildings Chapter 8: Engineering Management in Solar Energetics, which cover many aspects of scientific and engineering activities.

Limiting Global Warming to Well Below 2 C Energy System Modelling and Policy Development

Limiting Global Warming to Well Below 2   C  Energy System Modelling and Policy Development Book
Author : George Giannakidis,Kenneth Karlsson,Maryse Labriet,B. Ó Gallachóir
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-03-31
ISBN : 3319744240
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the energy system roadmaps necessary to limit global temperature increase to below 2°C, in order to avoid the catastrophic impacts of climate change. It provides a unique perspective on and critical understanding of the feasibility of a well-below-2°C world by exploring energy system pathways, technology innovations, behaviour change and the macro-economic impacts of achieving carbon neutrality by mid-century. The transformative changes in the energy transition are explored using energy systems models and scenario analyses that are applied to various cities, countries and at a global scale to offer scientific evidence to underpin complex policy decisions relating to climate change mitigation and interrelated issues like energy security and the energy–water nexus. It includes several chapters directly related to the Nationally Determined Contributions proposed in the context of the recent Paris Agreement on Climate Change. In summary, the book collates a range of concrete analyses at different scales from around the globe, revisiting the roles of countries, cities and local communities in pathways to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions and make a well-below-2°C world a reality. A valuable source of information for energy modellers in both the industry and public sectors, it provides a critical understanding of both the feasibility of roadmaps to achieve a well-below-2°C world, and the diversity and wide applications of energy systems models. Encompassing behaviour changes; technology innovations; macro-economic impacts; and other environmental challenges, such as water, it is also of interest to energy economists and engineers, as well as economic modellers working in the field of climate change mitigation.

Modeling and Simulation of Energy Systems

Modeling and Simulation of Energy Systems Book
Author : Thomas A. Adams II
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-11-06
ISBN : 3039215183
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy Systems Engineering is one of the most exciting and fastest growing fields in engineering. Modeling and simulation plays a key role in Energy Systems Engineering because it is the primary basis on which energy system design, control, optimization, and analysis are based. This book contains a specially curated collection of recent research articles on the modeling and simulation of energy systems written by top experts around the world from universities and research labs, such as Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Yale University, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, National Energy Technology Laboratory of the US Department of Energy, University of Technology Sydney, McMaster University, Queens University, Purdue University, the University of Connecticut, Technical University of Denmark, the University of Toronto, Technische Universität Berlin, Texas A&M, the University of Pennsylvania, and many more. The key research themes covered include energy systems design, control systems, flexible operations, operational strategies, and systems analysis. The addressed areas of application include electric power generation, refrigeration cycles, natural gas liquefaction, shale gas treatment, concentrated solar power, waste-to-energy systems, micro-gas turbines, carbon dioxide capture systems, energy storage, petroleum refinery unit operations, Brayton cycles, to name but a few.

Small Signal Analysis of Isolated Hybrid Power Systems

Small Signal Analysis of Isolated Hybrid Power Systems Book
Author : R. C. Bansal,T. S. Bhatti
Publisher : Alpha Science International, Limited
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9781842654804
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Small Signal Analysis of Isolated Hybrid Power Systems: Reactive Power and Frequency Control Analysis discusses automatic reactive power control of autonomous hybrid power system modelling based on power equations. The modelling can be easily extendable to an autonomous hybrid power system having multi machines system. To test the proposed reactive power control system, state space models of wind-diesel, wind-multi-diesel, multi-wind-diesel, and wind-diesel-micro-hydro using the three different types of SVC models have been developed on the basis of small signal analysis. Simulation studies have been carried out on different examples of hybrid power systems for deterministic and realistic disturbances in load and/or input wind power. The book discusses optimum gain settings of the controllers for step disturbances in input wind and/or in reactive power load and observations obtained from the responses of the system considered under optimum gain settings. ANN models have been developed for different autonomous hybrid power system configurations for tuning the proportional-integral controller of SVC for optimum performance.

Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems

Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems Book
Author : Djamila Rekioua
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-27
ISBN : 303034021X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the supervision of hybrid systems and presents models for control, optimization and storage. It provides a guide for practitioners as well as graduate and postgraduate students and researchers in both renewable energy and modern power systems, enabling them to quickly gain an understanding of stand-alone and grid-connected hybrid renewable systems. The book is accompanied by an online MATLAB package, which offers examples of each application to help readers understand and evaluate the performance of the various hybrid renewable systems cited. With a focus on the different configurations of hybrid renewable energy systems, it offers those involved in the field of renewable energy solutions vital insights into the control, optimization and supervision strategies for the different renewable energy systems.

Soft Computing in Green and Renewable Energy Systems

Soft Computing in Green and Renewable Energy Systems Book
Author : Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan,Siddhartha Kumar Khaitan,Soteris Kalogirou
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-08-20
ISBN : 3642221750
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soft Computing in Green and Renewable Energy Systems provides a practical introduction to the application of soft computing techniques and hybrid intelligent systems for designing, modeling, characterizing, optimizing, forecasting, and performance prediction of green and renewable energy systems. Research is proceeding at jet speed on renewable energy (energy derived from natural resources such as sunlight, wind, tides, rain, geothermal heat, biomass, hydrogen, etc.) as policy makers, researchers, economists, and world agencies have joined forces in finding alternative sustainable energy solutions to current critical environmental, economic, and social issues. The innovative models, environmentally benign processes, data analytics, etc. employed in renewable energy systems are computationally-intensive, non-linear and complex as well as involve a high degree of uncertainty. Soft computing technologies, such as fuzzy sets and systems, neural science and systems, evolutionary algorithms and genetic programming, and machine learning, are ideal in handling the noise, imprecision, and uncertainty in the data, and yet achieve robust, low-cost solutions. As a result, intelligent and soft computing paradigms are finding increasing applications in the study of renewable energy systems. Researchers, practitioners, undergraduate and graduate students engaged in the study of renewable energy systems will find this book very useful.

Renewable Energy and Environmental Technology

Renewable Energy and Environmental Technology Book
Author : Mo Jie Sun,Ying Jie Zhang
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2013-10-31
ISBN : 3038262935
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2013 International Conference on Renewable Energy and Environmental Technology (REET 2013), September 21-22, 2013, Jilin, China. The 860 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Environmental Chemistry and Biology; Chapter 2: Environmental Materials; Chapter 3: Environmental Safety and Health; Chapter 4: Environmental Planning and Assessment; Chapter 5: Environmental Analysis and Monitoring; Chapter 6: Environmental Restoration Engineering; Chapter 7: Pollution Control Technology; Chapter 8: Waste Disposal and Recycling; Chapter 9: Ecological and Environmental Protection; Chapter 10: Forest Cultivation and Plant Protection; Chapter 11: Hydrology, Water Resources Engineering, Soil and Water Conservation; Chapter 12: Storage and Processing of Agricultural Products; Chapter 13: Water Supply and Drainage; Chapter 14: Green Building Materials, Architecture and Energy-Saving Technology; Chapter 15: Cleaner Production Processes; Chapter 16: Development and Utilization of Solar Energy; Chapter 17: Development and Utilization of Biomass Energy; Chapter 18: Development and Utilization of Wind Energy; Chapter 19: Nuclear Energy Engineering; Chapter 20: High Voltage and Insulation Technology; Chapter 21: Power Electronics and Power Drives; Chapter 22: Power Grid and Smart Grid Technologies; Chapter 23: Power System and Automation; Chapter 24: Power System Management; Chapter 25: Storage Technology and Energy-Saving Technology; Chapter 26: Energy Materials; Chapter 27: Energy Chemical Engineering; Chapter 28: New Energy Vehicles and Electric Vehicles; Chapter 29: Engineering Thermophysics and Thermal Engineering; Chapter 30: Research and Design of Machinery and Manufacture in Mechanical Engineering; Chapter 31: Data and Signal Processing, Measurements, Information Technology and Automation Technology; Chapter 32: Mineral Prospecting and Exploration; Chapter 33: Mining Engineering and Mineral Process Engineering; Chapter 34: Oil and Gas Well Development Projects; Chapter 35: Urban and Regional Planning; Chapter 36: Energy Strategy, Resources and Economic Development; Chapter 37: Ecological Economy, Circular Economy and Low-Carbon Economy; Chapter 38: Engineering Management and Engineering Education

Power Source Modeling

Power Source Modeling Book
Author : Rudolph G. Jungst
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9781566774536
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy Development

Energy Development Book
Author : Qun Jie Xu,Yong Guang Li,Xiu Yang
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2013-12-13
ISBN : 3038263532
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 3rd International Conference on Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development (EESD 2013), November 12-12, 2013, Shanghai, China. The 596 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Development and Utilization of Solar Energy; Chapter 2: Development and Utilization of Wind Energy; Chapter 3: Development and Utilization of Biomass Energy; Chapter 4: Energy Storage Technology; Chapter 5: ?nergy ?onsumption and Energy-Saving Technology; Chapter 6: Hydrogen and Fuel Cell; Chapter 7: Energy Materials; Chapter 8: Energy Chemical Engineering; Chapter 9: New Energy Vehicles and Electric Vehicles; Chapter 10: Green Building Materials and Energy-saving Buildings; Chapter 11: Engineering Thermophysics; Chapter 12: Thermal Engineering; Chapter 13: Fluid Engineering and Machinery; Chapter 14: HVAC, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration; Chapter 15: Power Machinery and Engineering: Chapter 16: Power System and Automation; Chapter 17: High Voltage and Insulation Technology; Chapter 18: Motor and Electric Equipment; Chapter 19: Electrical Theory and New Technology; Chapter 20: Power Electronics and Power Drives; Chapter 21: Smart Grid Technologies; Chapter 22: Power System Management; Chapter 23: Product Design and Manufacturing Automation; Chapter 24: Precision Automation; Chapter 25: Application of Computer and Information Technology in Industry; Chapter 26: Engineering Education; Chapter 27: Project Management and Engineering Management

Sustainable Power Systems

Sustainable Power Systems Book
Author : Nava Raj Karki,Rajesh Karki,Ajit Kumar Verma,Jaeseok Choi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-01-10
ISBN : 9811022305
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deals with quantifying and analyzing the risks associated with sustainable energy technology growth in electric power systems, and developing appropriate models and methodologies to mitigate the risks and improve the overall system performance. The rapid increase in the installation of renewable energy sources in electric power systems has given rise to a wide range of problems related to planning and operation of power systems to maintain quality, stability, reliability and efficiency. Additionally, there is a growing global environmental concern regarding increasing emissions from the electric power generation required to meet rising energy needs and support sustainable and inclusive development. The phenomenon of low voltage ride through (LVRT), common to wind energy systems, is discussed, and ways to tackle the same are proposed in the first chapter. Subsequent chapters propose methods of optimizing a sustainable and smart microgrid, and supplying electricity to remote areas of a developing country with no immediate possibility of national grid extension. The economic benefit and technical challenges of forming localized minigrid are also discussed. The book proposes a method for reliability assessment of a power grid with sustainable power transportation system. The issue of weak link in power system is very important as it will provide the system operators and planners to take necessary measures to strengthen the system. An approach to determine the weak parts of the system and its unreliability is proposed. With increasing installation of HVDC power transmission and development of efficient and low cost power electronic devices, the DC microgrids are becoming a common phenomenon. Their existence together with AC Grids result in Hybrid AC/DC Microgrids, which are discussed in this book. It further presents a method for reliability evaluation of a distribution system with network reconfiguration in the presence of distributed generation. The important problems in sustainable energy growth, and their potential solutions discussed and presented in the book should be of great interest to engineers, policy makers, researchers and academics in the area of electric power engineering.

Solar PV and Wind Energy Conversion Systems

Solar PV and Wind Energy Conversion Systems Book
Author : S. Sumathi,L. Ashok Kumar,P. Surekha
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-04-08
ISBN : 3319149415
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook starts with a review of the principles of operation, modeling and control of common solar energy and wind-power generation systems before moving on to discuss grid compatibility, power quality issues and hybrid models of Solar PV and Wind Energy Conversion Systems (WECS). MATLAB/SIMULINK models of fuel cell technology and associated converters are discussed in detail. The impact of soft computing techniques such as neural networks, fuzzy logic and genetic algorithms in the context of solar and wind energy is explained with practical implementation using MATLAB/SIMULINK models. This book is intended for final year undergraduate, post-graduate and research students interested in understanding the modeling and control of Solar PV and Wind Energy Conversion Systems based on MATLAB/SIMULINK. - Each chapter includes “Learning Objectives” at the start, a “Summary” at the end and helpful Review Questions - Includes MATLAB/SIMULINK models of different control strategies for power conditioning units in the context of Solar PV - Presents soft computing techniques for Solar PV and WECS, as well as MATLAB/SIMULINK models, e.g. for wind turbine topologies and grid integration - Covers hybrid solar PV and Wind Energy Conversion Systems with converters and MATLAB/SIMULINK models - Reviews harmonic reduction in Solar PV and Wind Energy Conversion Systems in connection with power quality issues - Covers fuel cells and converters with implementation using MATLAB/SIMULINK

Energy and Power Technology

Energy and Power Technology Book
Author : Xin Wei Yu,Hong Bing Ji,Sheng Zhou Chen,Xiao Guo Liu,Qing Zhu Zeng
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2013-09-10
ISBN : 3038262420
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). Energy and environment have become the central theme in several fields of research and in various policy arenas. The collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2013 International Conference on Advances in Energy and Environmental Science (ICAEES 2013), July 30-31, 2013, Guangzhou, China. The 367 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Development and Utilization of Solar Energy; Chapter 2: Development and Utilization of Biomass Energy; Chapter 3: Development and Utilization of Wind Energy; Chapter 4: Geothermal Energy, Fuel Cell, Energy-saving Technology and Storage Technology; Chapter 5: Power System and Automation; Chapter 6: High Voltage and Insulation Technology; Chapter 7: Power Electronics and Power Drives, Power Equipment; Chapter 8: Smart Grid Technologies and Power System Management; Chapter 9: Energy Chemical Engineering and Energy Materials; Chapter 10: Energy Security, Management and Clean Use; Chapter 11: Architecture, Construction Technology and Energy-saving Technology; Chapter 12: New Energy Vehicles, Electric Vehicles; Chapter 13: Machinery and Equipment for Industrial Manufacture; Chapter 14: Modeling, Computational Technologies and Control in Industry.

Wind Power Electric Systems

Wind Power Electric Systems Book
Author : Djamila Rekioua
Publisher : Springer Science & Business
Release : 2014-04-16
ISBN : 1447164253
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book helps readers understand key concepts in standalone and grid connected wind energy systems and features analysis into the modeling and optimization of commonly used configurations through the implementation of different control strategies. Utilizing several electrical machinery control approaches, such as vector control and direct torque control 'Wind Power Electric Systems' equips readers with the means to understand, assess and develop their own wind energy systems and to evaluate the performance of such systems. Mathematical models are provided for each system and a corresponding MATLAB/SIMULINK example is included at the end of each section in order to demonstrate key processes and methods.

Power Systems

Power Systems Book
Author : International Federation of Automatic Control
Publisher : Pergamon
Release : 1989
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The control of power systems and power plants is a subject of worldwide interest which continues to sustain a high level of research, development and application. Papers pertaining to areas directly related to power systems and representing the state-of-the-art methods are included in this volume. The topics covered include security analysis, dynamic state estimation, voltage control, power plant control, stability analysis, data communication, expert systems and training simulators for power plants. This interchange between those involved in the research and those involved in the practical applications of new ideas and developments provide a comprehensive reference source for all involved in the power industry.

Fuel Cells

Fuel Cells Book
Author : Bei Gou,Woonki Na,Bill Diong
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-08-06
ISBN : 9781420071627
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fuel Cells: Modeling, Control, and Applications describes advanced research results on modeling and control designs for fuel cells and their hybrid energy systems. Filled with simulation examples and test results, it provides detailed discussions on fuel cell modeling, analysis, and nonlinear control. The book begins with an introduction to fuel cells and fuel cell power systems as well as the fundamentals of fuel cell systems and their components. It then presents the linear and nonlinear modeling of fuel cell dynamics, before discussing typical approaches of linear and nonlinear modeling and control design methods for fuel cells. The authors also explore the Simulink implementation of fuel cells, including the modeling of PEM fuel cells and control designs. They cover the applications of fuel cells in vehicles, utility power systems, stand-alone systems, and hybrid renewable energy systems. The book concludes with the modeling and analysis of hybrid renewable energy systems, which integrate fuel cells, wind power, and solar power. Mathematical preliminaries on linear and nonlinear control are provided in an appendix. With the need for alternative power well established, we are seeing unprecedented research in fuel cell technology. Written by scientists directly involved with the research, this book presents approaches and achievements in the linear and nonlinear modeling and control design of PEM fuel cells.