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Vegetation Water Humans and the Climate

Vegetation  Water  Humans and the Climate Book
Author : P. Kabat,Martin Claussen,Paul A. Dirmeyer,John H. C. Gash,Lelys Bravo de Guenni,Michel Meybeck,Ronald W. A. Hutjes,Roger A. Pielke, Sr.,Charles J. Vorosmarty,Sabine Lütkemeier
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9783540424000
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Resulting from an international research project, this volume presents a state-of-the-art overview of the influence of terrestrial vegetation and soils within the Earth system. It deals especially with interactions between the terrestrial biosphere and the atmosphere via the hydrological cycle and their interlinkage with anthropogenic activities. Specific recent observations are complemented by modelling studies, including regional models that simulate flows and transport in river catchments, coupled land-cover and regional climate systems, and Earth-system and global circulation models. Water, nutrient and sediment fluxes in river basins are shown to be highly impacted and regulated by humans through land use, pollution and river engineering. Finally, the book discusses environmental vulnerability and methodologies for assessing the risks associated with regional and global climatic and environmental variability and change.

Early Humans and Their World

Early Humans and Their World Book
Author : Bo Gräslund
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9780415353458
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Summarizing modern research on early hominid evolution from the apes six million years ago to the emergence of modern humans, this book is the first to present a synthetic discussion of many aspects of early human life.

The Origins of Modern Humans

The Origins of Modern Humans Book
Author : Fred H. Smith,James C. Ahern
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-07-09
ISBN : 1118659902
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This update to the award-winning The Origins of ModernHumans: A World Survey of the Fossil Evidence covers the mostaccepted common theories concerning the emergence of modern Homosapiens—adding fresh insight from top young scholars onthe key new discoveries of the past 25 years. The Origins of Modern Humans: Biology Reconsidered allowsfield leaders to discuss and assess the assemblage of hominidfossil material in each region of the world during the Pleistoceneepoch. It features new fossil and molecular evidence, such as theevolutionary inferences drawn from assessments of modern humans andlarge segments of the Neandertal genome. It also addresses theimpact of digital imagery and the more sophisticated morphometricsthat have entered the analytical fray since 1984. Beginning with a thoughtful introduction by the authors onmodern human origins, the book offers such insightful chaptercontributions as: Africa: The Cradle of Modern People Crossroads of the Old World: Late Hominin Evolution in WesternAsia A River Runs through It: Modern Human Origins in East Asia Perspectives on the Origins of Modern Australians Modern Human Origins in Central Europe The Makers of the Early Upper Paleolithic in WesternEurasia Neandertal Craniofacial Growth and Development and ItsRelevance for Modern Human Origins Energetics and the Origin of Modern Humans Understanding Human Cranial Variation in Light of Modern HumanOrigins The Relevance of Archaic Genomes to Modern Human Origins The Process of Modern Human Origins: The Evolutionary andDemographic Changes Giving Rise to Modern Humans The Paleobiology of Modern Human Emergence Elegant and thought provoking, The Origins of Modern Humans:Biology Reconsidered is an ideal read for students, gradstudents, and professionals in human evolution andpaleoanthropology.

Handbook of Virtual Humans

Handbook of Virtual Humans Book
Author : Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann,Daniel Thalmann
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2005-10-31
ISBN : 0470023171
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Virtual Humans are becoming more and more popular and used in many applications such as the entertainment industry (in both film and games) and medical applications. This comprehensive book covers all areas of this growing industry including face and body motion, body modelling, hair simulation, expressive speech simulation and facial communication, interaction with 3D objects, rendering skin and clothes and the standards for Virtual Humans. Written by a team of current and former researchers at MIRALab, University of Geneva or VRlab, EPFL, this book is the definitive guide to the area. Explains the concept of avatars and autonomous virtual actors and the main techniques to create and animate them (body and face). Presents the concepts of behavioural animation, crowd simulation, intercommunication between virtual humans, and interaction between real humans and autonomous virtual humans Addresses the advanced topics of hair representation and cloth animation with applications in fashion design Discusses the standards for Virtual Humans, such as MPEG-4 Face Animation and MPEG-4 Body Animation.

Virtual Humans

Virtual Humans Book
Author : David Burden,Maggi Savin-Baden
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-01-24
ISBN : 1351365266
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Virtual Humans provides a much-needed definition of what constitutes a ‘virtual human’ and places virtual humans within the wider context of Artificial Intelligence development. It explores the technical approaches to creating a virtual human, as well as emergent issues such as embodiment, identity, agency and digital immortality, and the resulting ethical challenges. The book presents an overview of current research and practice in this area, and outlines the major challenges faced by today’s developers and researchers. The book examines the possibility for using virtual humans in a variety of roles, from personal assistants to teaching, coaching and knowledge management, and the book situates these discussions around familiar applications (e.g. Siri, Cortana, Alexa) and the portrayal of virtual humans within Science Fiction. Features Presents a comprehensive overview of this rapidly developing field Provides an array of relevant, real-life examples from expert practitioners and researchers from around the globe in how to create the avatar body, mind, senses and ability to communicate Intends to be broad in scope yet practical in approach, so that it can serve the needs of several different audiences, including researchers, teachers, developers and anyone with an interest in where these technologies might take us Covers a wide variety of issues which have been neglected in other research texts; for example, definitions and taxonomies, the ethical challenges of virtual humans and issues around digital immortality Includes numerous examples and extensive references

Future Humans

Future Humans Book
Author : Scott Solomon
Publisher : Yale University Press
Release : 2016-10-25
ISBN : 0300224508
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An evolutionary biologist provides surprising insights into the changing nature of Homo sapiens in this “important and an entertaining read" (Choice). In Future Humans, evolutionary biologist Scott Solomon draws on recent discoveries to examine the future evolution of our species. Combining knowledge of our past with current trends, Solomon offers convincing evidence that evolutionary forces are still affecting us today. But how will modernization—including longer lifespans, changing diets, global travel, and widespread use of medicine and contraceptives—affect our evolutionary future? Solomon presents an entertaining and accessible review of the latest research on human evolution in modern times, drawing on fields from genomics to medicine and the study of our microbiome. Drawing together topics ranging from the rise of online dating and Cesarean sections to the spread of diseases such as HIV and Ebola, Solomon suggests that we are entering a new phase in human evolutionary history—one that makes the future less predictable and more interesting than ever before.

Better Humans

Better Humans  Book
Author : Michael Hauskeller
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-09-11
ISBN : 1317547179
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Developments in medical science have afforded us the opportunity to improve and enhance the human species in ways unthinkable to previous generations. Whether it's making changes to mitochondrial DNA in a human egg, being prescribed Prozac, or having a facelift, our desire to live longer, feel better and look good has presented philosophers, medical practitioners and policy-makers with considerable ethical challenges. But what exactly constitutes human improvement? What do we mean when we talk of making "better" humans? In this book Michael Hauskeller explores these questions and the ideas of human good that underpin them. Posing some challenging questions about the nature of human enhancement, he interrogates the logic behind its processes and examines the justifications behind its criteria. Questioning common assumptions about what constitutes human improvement, Hauskeller asks whether the criteria proposed by its advocates are convincing. The book draws on recent research as well as popular representations of human enhancement from advertising to the internet, and provides a non-technical and accessible survey of the issues for readers and students interested in the ethics and politics of human enhancement.

Humans and Animals A Geography of Coexistence

Humans and Animals  A Geography of Coexistence Book
Author : Julie Urbanik,Connie L. Johnston
Publisher : ABC-CLIO
Release : 2017-01-26
ISBN : 1440838356
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An engaging and at times sobering look at the coexistence of humans and animals in the 21st century and how their sometimes disparate needs affect environments, politics, economies, and culture worldwide. • Includes excerpts from 20 primary source documents related to animals • Offers a comprehensive look at a variety of aspects of human-animal relationships • Discusses how human actions affect the survival of other species, such as the northern spotted owl and bluefin tuna

Expert Humans

Expert Humans Book
Author : Michael Jenkins
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Release : 2021-03-09
ISBN : 1800712626
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Expert Humans: Critical Leadership Skills for a Disrupted World examines the critical leadership concepts of Altruism, Compassion and Empathy (ACE) and their application to the great disruptors of today.

AI vs Humans

AI vs Humans Book
Author : Michael W. Eysenck,Christine Eysenck
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-12-31
ISBN : 1000481441
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The great majority of books on artificial intelligence are written by AI experts who understandably focus on its achievements and potential transformative effects on society. In contrast, AI vs Humans is written by two psychologists (Michael and Christine Eysenck) whose perspective on AI (including robotics) is based on their knowledge and understanding of human cognition. This book evaluates the strengths and limitations of people and AI. The authors’ expertise equips them well to consider this by seeing how well (or badly) AI compares to human intelligence. They accept that AI matches or exceeds human ability in many spheres such as mathematical calculations, complex games (e.g., chess, Go, and poker), diagnosis from medical images, and robotic surgery. However, the human tendency to anthropomorphise has led many people to claim mistakenly that AI systems can think, infer, reason, and understand while engaging in information processing. In fact, such systems lack all those cognitive skills and are also deficient in the quintessentially human abilities of flexibility of thinking and general intelligence. At a time when human commitment to AI appears unstoppable, this up-to-date book advocates a symbiotic and co-operative relationship between humans and AI. It will be essential reading for anyone interested in AI and human cognition.

Deltas and Humans

Deltas and Humans Book
Author : Thomas S. Bianchi
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0199764174
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Humans have had a long relationship with the ebb and flow of tides on river deltas around the world. The fertile soils of river deltas provided early human civilizations with a means of farming crops and obtaining seafood from the highly productive marshes and shallow coastal waters associated with deltas. However, this relationship has at times been both nurturing and tumultuous for the development of early civilizations. The vicissitudes of seasonal changes in river flooding events as well as frequently shifting deltaic soils made life for these early human settlements challenging. These natural transient processes that affect the supply of sediments to deltas today are in many ways very similar to what they have been over the millennia of human settlements. But something else has been altered in the natural rhythm of these cycles. The massive expansion of human populations around the world in both the lower and upper drainage basins of these large rivers have changed the manner in which sediments and water are delivered to deltas. Because of the high density of human populations found in these regions, humans have developed elaborate hydrological engineering schemes in an attempt to tame these deltas. The goal of this book is to provide information on the historical relationship between humans and deltas that will hopefully encourage immediate preparation for coastal management plans in response to the impending inundation of major cities, as a result of global change around the world.

Humans and the Environment

Humans and the Environment Book
Author : Matthew I. J. Davies,Freda Nkirote M'Mbogori
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2013-06-27
ISBN : 0191626015
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The environment has always been a central concept for archaeologists and, although it has been conceived in many ways, its role in archaeological explanation has fluctuated from a mere backdrop to human action, to a primary factor in the understanding of society and social change. Archaeology also has a unique position as its base of interest places it temporally between geological and ethnographic timescales, spatially between global and local dimensions, and epistemologically between empirical studies of environmental change and more heuristic studies of cultural practice. Drawing on data from across the globe at a variety of temporal and spatial scales, this volume resituates the way in which archaeologists use and apply the concept of the environment. Each chapter critically explores the potential for archaeological data and practice to contribute to modern environmental issues, including problems of climate change and environmental degradation. Overall the volume covers four basic themes: archaeological approaches to the way in which both scientists and locals conceive of the relationship between humans and their environment, applied environmental archaeology, the archaeology of disaster, and new interdisciplinary directions.The volume will be of interest to students and established archaeologists, as well as practitioners from a range of applied disciplines.

Hemispheric Specialisation in Animals and Humans

Hemispheric Specialisation in Animals and Humans Book
Author : Joël Fagot
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9780863779640
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Functional cerebral specialization is a phenomenon of considerable relevance not only to those investigating normal brain function, but also to scientists who study and treat clinical populations. This special issue of "Laterality" brings together contributions from researchers studying human populations and those using animal models, and includes a discussion of the important issues in the field of lateralization of function. The papers address the origins of laterality and the nature of lateralized functions in various species, as well as relations among the different forms of lateralization. Included are such topics as lateralized memory processes, early experiential effects on laterality, the genetic basis of handedness, perceptual processing in the haptic or visual domain, and learning. Comparisons between human and non-human primate findings and the implications of these findings for our understanding of the phylogenetic basis of hemispheric specialization are also emphasized.; The papers are based on presentations at two symposia that took place in August 1996: "Issues in Laterality", held at the International Congress of Psychology in Montreal; and "Laterality and Hemispheric Specialization in Primates: Brain Behavior and Evolution", held at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, at the joint meetings of the "XVI Congress of the International Primatological Society" and the "XIX Conference of the American Society of Primatologists".

Social Practices and Dynamic Non Humans

Social Practices and Dynamic Non Humans Book
Author : Cecily Maller,Yolande Strengers
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-07-20
ISBN : 3319921894
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The robots are coming! So too is the ‘age of automation’, the march of ‘invasive’ species, more intense natural disasters, and a potential cataclysm of other unprecedented events and phenomena of which we do not yet know, and cannot predict. This book is concerned with how to account for these non-humans and their effects within theories of social practice. In particular, this provocative collection tackles contemporary debates about the roles, relations and agencies of constantly changing, disruptive, intelligent or otherwise 'dynamic' non-humans, such as weather, animals and automated devices. In doing so contributors challenge and take forward existing understandings of dynamic non-humans in theories of social practice by reconsidering their potential roles in everyday life. The book will benefit sociology, geography, science and technology studies, and human- (and animal-) computer interaction design scholars seeking to make sense of the complex entanglement of non-human phenomena and things in the performance of social practices.

Humans End Movie Final Chapter

Humans End Movie Final Chapter Book
Author : Dr. Everett C Borders
Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
Release : 2017-07-11
ISBN : 1543436676
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is part two and three in the final chapter of Humans End screenplay of the journeys and sagas of the human and social experiments. This is a frantic and frenzied rush to attempt to save the human experience, driven by maniacal and holistic perspectives, and to attempt to reverse the damaging degeneration of the male Y chromosome and male pineal gland maturation decay due to the neutrino tau destruction on the human body. This screenplay makes penitent narratives of human health, lifestyles, future innovations and drama, and horror and political possibilities of some solutions, coupled with a total finality of the human experience as we know it.

Development and Reproduction in Humans and Animal Model Species

Development and Reproduction in Humans and Animal Model Species Book
Author : Werner A. Mueller,Monika Hassel,Maura Grealy
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-01-03
ISBN : 3662437848
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes human development including sexual reproduction and stem cell research with the development of model organisms that are accessible to genetic and experimental analysis in readily understandable texts and 315 multi-colored graphics. The introductory account of model organisms selected from the entire animal kingdom presents general principles, which are then outlined in subsequent chapters devoted to, for example, sexual development; genes controlling development and their contemporary molecular-analysis methods; production of clones and transgenic animals; development of the nervous and circulatory systems; regenerative medicine and ageing. Finally the evolution of developmental toolkits and novelties is discussed including the genetic basis of the enlargement of the human forebrain. Separate boxes are devoted to controversial questions such as the benefits and problems of prenatal diagnostics or the construction of ancient body plans.

Radium in Humans

Radium in Humans Book
Author : R. E. Rowland
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Radium in Humans book written by R. E. Rowland, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Gods and Humans in the Ancient Near East

Gods and Humans in the Ancient Near East Book
Author : Tyson L. Putthoff
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2020-09-30
ISBN : 1108846424
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book, Tyson Putthoff explores the relationship between gods and humans, and between divine nature and human nature, in the Ancient Near East. In this world, gods lived among humans. The two groups shared the world with one another, each playing a special role in maintaining order in the cosmos. Humans also shared aspects of a godlike nature. Even in their natural condition, humans enjoyed a taste of the divine state. Indeed, gods not only lived among humans, but also they lived inside them, taking up residence in the physical body. As such, human nature was actually a composite of humanity and divinity. Putthoff offers new insights into the ancients' understanding of humanity's relationship with the gods, providing a comparative study of this phenomenon from the third millennium BCE to the first century CE.

Pigs and Humans

Pigs and Humans Book
Author : Umberto Albarella,Keith Dobney,Anton Ervynck,Peter Rowley-Conwy
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2007-12-06
ISBN : 0191525790
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pigs are one of the most iconic but also paradoxical animals ever to have developed a relationship with humans. This relationship has been a long and varied one: from noble wild beast of the forest to mass produced farmyard animal; from a symbol of status and plenty to a widespread religious food taboo; from revered religious totem to a parodied symbol of filth and debauchery. Pigs and Humans brings together some of the key scholars whose research is highlighting the role wild and domestic pigs have played in human societies around the world over the last 10,000 years. The 22 contributors cover a broad and diverse range of temporal, geographical, and topical themes, grounded within the disciplines of archaeology, zoology, anthropology, and biology, as well as art history and history. They explore such areas as evolution and taxonomy, domestication and husbandry, ethnography, and ritual and art, and present some of the latest theories and methodological techniques. The volume as a whole is generously illustrated and will enhance our understanding of many of the issues regarding our complex and ever changing relationship with the pig.

There s No Such Thing As Humans

There s No Such Thing As Humans Book
Author : Helen Vivienne Fletcher
Publisher : HVF Publishing
Release : 2021-04-07
ISBN : 0473566605
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Grub is a little monster with a big problem – he’s absolutely terrified of humans, especially the one his brother says lives under his bed. Grub’s mum says there’s no such thing as humans, but even so, they must never go to the edge of the forest. That’s fine by Grub, until his brother dares him. He can’t refuse a double dare, can he? Will Grub find humans at the edge of the forest … or something even worse?