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Human Physiology In Extreme Environments

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Human Physiology in Extreme Environments

Human Physiology in Extreme Environments Book
Author : Hanns-Christian Gunga
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-11-26
ISBN : 0123869986
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Physiology in Extreme Environments is the one publication that offers how human biology and physiology is affected by extreme environments while highlighting technological innovations that allow us to adapt and regulate environments. Covering a broad range of extreme environments, including high altitude, underwater, tropical climates, and desert and arctic climates as well as space travel, this book will include case studies for practical application. Graduate students, medical students and researchers will find Human Physiology in Extreme Environments an interesting, informative and useful resource for human physiology, environmental physiology and medical studies. Presents human physiological challenges in Extreme Environments combined in one single resource Provides an excellent source of information regarding paleontological and anthropological aspects Offers practical medical and scientific use of current concepts

The Biology of Human Survival

The Biology of Human Survival Book
Author : Claude A. Piantadosi
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0195165012
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The range of environments in which people can survive is extensive, yet most of the natural world cannot support human life. The Biology of Human Survival identifies the key determinants of life or death in extreme environments from a physiologist's perspective, integrating modern concepts of stress, tolerance, and adaptation into explanations of life under Nature's most austere conditions. The book examines how individuals survive when faced with extremes of immersion, heat, cold or altitude, emphasizing the body's recognition of stress and the brain's role in optimizing physiological function in order to provide time to escape or to adapt. In illustrating how human biology adapts to extremes, the book also explains how we learn to cope by blending behavior and biology, first by trial and error, then by rigorous scientific observation, and finally by technological innovation. The book describes life-support technology and how it enables humans to enter once unendurable realm, from the depths of the ocean to the upper reaches of the atmosphere and beyond. Finally, it explores the role that advanced technology might play in special environments of the future, such as long journeys into space.

Coping With Extreme Environments A Physiological Psychological Approach

Coping With Extreme Environments  A Physiological Psychological Approach Book
Author : Costantino Balestra,Jacek Kot,Shai Efrati,François Guerrero,Jean-Eric Blatteau,Stéphane Besnard
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-06-25
ISBN : 2889457400
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding how humans cope in extreme environments has expanded our knowledge of the physiological and psychological challenges involved and helped us to quit our comfortable paradigms built on “steady states”. Furthermore, measuring our reactions to intermittent stressors and determining the oscillations of our coping mechanisms has led us to unexpected understandings. This methodology has also directly improved our translational or multidisciplinary approach to the subject. Studying healthy individuals in extreme environments could improve our understanding of patients with impaired physiological capacities (who are coping with an environment that becomes extreme to them) and also improve our understanding of physiology and psychology in the elderly.This eBook collects articles that address this translational multidisciplinary approach in an integrative way. As a whole, this Research Topic aims to better understand human/animal physiology and psychology.

Human Physiology in Extreme Environments

Human Physiology in Extreme Environments Book
Author : Hanns-Christian Gunga
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10-18
ISBN : 012815943X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Physiology in Extreme Environments, Second Edition, offers evidence on how human biology and physiology is affected by extreme environments, also highlighting technological innovations that allow us to adapt and regulate environments. Covering a broad range of extreme environments, including high altitude, underwater, tropical climates, desert climates, arctic climates and space travel, the book also includes case studies that can be used to illustrate practical application. Graduate students, medical students and researchers will find this to be an interesting, informative and useful resource for human physiology, environmental physiology and medical studies. Includes coverage of current global challenges and their consequences on human physiology and performance Presents human physiological challenges in extreme environments Provides an excellent source of information on paleontological and anthropological aspects Offers practical medical and scientific uses of current concepts

Extremophile Fishes

Extremophile Fishes Book
Author : Rüdiger Riesch,Michael Tobler,Martin Plath
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-01-24
ISBN : 3319133624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book summarizes the key adaptations enabling extremophile fishes to survive under harsh environmental conditions. It reviews the most recent research on acidic, Antarctic, cave, desert, hypersaline, hypoxic, temporary, and fast-flowing habitats, as well as naturally and anthropogenically toxic waters, while pointing out generalities that are evident across different study systems. Knowledge of the different adaptations that allow fish to cope with stressful environmental conditions furthers our understanding of basic physiological, ecological, and evolutionary principles. In several cases, evidence is provided for how the adaptation to extreme environments promotes the emergence of new species. Furthermore, a link is made to conservation biology, and how human activities have exacerbated existing extreme environments and created new ones. The book concludes with a discussion of major open questions in our understanding of the ecology and evolution of life in extreme environments.

Human Environmental Physiology

Human Environmental Physiology Book
Author : Michael Tipton,Mike Tipton,Mark Hetherington
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014-08-15
ISBN : 9780415491013
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most of the Earth’s surface is covered by water, desert, ice or mountains. Thus for humans (a sub-tropical, low altitude, air-breathing animal) most of the planet represents a hostile environment. This important new book presents an in-depth introduction to human physiological and psychological responses to extreme environments, as well as methods for selecting, preparing and protecting individuals that enter those environments. Drawing on a wide range of cutting edge scientific sources, including the latest research in molecular biology, the book examines human responses to short and long term exposure to heat, cold air and water, pressure, altitude, microgravity and environmental pollution. Each section contains a detailed introduction to the core science, outlines the typical hazards associated with each environment and includes recommendations for mitigating decrements in performance and threats to life – such as acclimatization and protective clothing. The book also traces an important evolutionary theme, explaining the physiological implications of mankind’s migration from sub-tropical origins to all corners of the planet and into space. Human Environmental Physiology contains case studies, data, summaries and illustrations throughout, as well as an appendix outlining the most important methodologies and techniques employed in environmental research. It is essential reading for all students and researchers working in sport and exercise, physiology, medicine or biomedical science.

Comparative Physiology of Environmental Adaptations

Comparative Physiology of Environmental Adaptations Book
Author : European Society for Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry. Conference
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 9783805544719
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Comparative Physiology of Environmental Adaptations book written by European Society for Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry. Conference, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Man in extreme environments

Man in extreme environments Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1979
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Man in extreme environments book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Adaptations to Extreme Environments

Adaptations to Extreme Environments Book
Author : European Society for Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry. Conference,Pierre Dejours
Publisher : S Karger Ag
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Adaptations to Extreme Environments book written by European Society for Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry. Conference,Pierre Dejours, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Bioengineering in Extreme Environments

Bioengineering in Extreme Environments Book
Author : Mary McMahon,Lesley Frame
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-07-10
ISBN : 9781516587162
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioengineering in Extreme Environments is an engaging text that supports students' education in both technology and the natural world. Students learn about natural science, human body responses, and various technologies that enable or could enable humans to thrive in extreme environments. The text demystifies technology for readers, demonstrating that many technologies are simply well-developed solutions to everyday problems. Over the course of 11 chapters, students visit Death Valley, Antarctica, the Great Salt Lake, Chernobyl, Jupiter, Mt. Everest, and other extreme locations to learn about their environments, effects on the human body, and the types of technology they each would require for human survival. Each chapter includes learning objectives, the core text, and instructions and assignments for small groups. Students are challenged to work together to cultivate knowledge, complete interactive homework assignments, and answer thought-provoking questions. Embracing active learning and interdisciplinary knowledge-building, Bioengineering in Extreme Environments is an ideal textbook for undergraduate general education courses in science and the natural world. Mary D. Frame is a professor in the Department of Biomedical Engineering at Stony Brook University, where she teaches courses in biomedical engineering, bioengineering in extreme environments, clinical challenges for the 21st century, nanotechnology, quantitative physiology, and more. She holds a Ph.D. in physiology and A.B. in biology from the University of Missouri-Columbia. Lesley D. Frame is an assistant professor of materials science and engineering in the Institute of Materials Science and the director of the Center for Materials Processing Data at the University of Connecticut. She holds a Ph.D. from the University of Arizona and SB from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dr. Frame's research interests include metals processing, manufacturing, corrosion, residual stress, phase transformations, and structure/property/processing relationships.

Life at the Extremes

Life at the Extremes Book
Author : Frances Ashcroft
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2002-03-18
ISBN : 9780520234208
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From the oxygen-deprived heights of Everest to the high-pressure ocean depths, the limits of human endurance are probed in this fascinating look at the borderlands of physical potential.

Hypoxia

Hypoxia Book
Author : Robert C. Roach,Peter H. Hackett,Peter D. Wagner
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-06-24
ISBN : 1489976787
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The latest in a series of books from the International Hypoxia Symposia, this volume spans reviews on key topics in hypoxia, and abstracts from poster and oral presentations. The biannual International Hypoxia Symposia are dedicated to hosting the best basic scientific and clinical minds to focus on the integrative and translational biology of hypoxia. Long before ‘translational medicine’ was a catchphrase, the founders of the International Hypoxia Symposia brought together basic scientists, clinicians and physiologists to live, eat, ski, innovate and collaborate in the Canadian Rockies. This collection of reviews and abstracts is divided into six sections, each covering new and important work relevant to a broad range of researchers interested in how humans adjust to hypoxia, whether on the top of Mt. Everest or in the pulmonary or cardiology clinic at low altitude. The sections include: Epigenetic Variations in Hypoxia High Altitude Adaptation Hypoxia and Sleep Hypoxia and the Brain Molecular Oxygen Sensing Physiological Responses to Hypoxia

Nathan Zuntz

Nathan Zuntz Book
Author : Hanns-Christian Gunga
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-02-27
ISBN : 9780080885247
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the life and work of Nathan Zuntz (1847-1920), a German physiologist, who made significant contributions to high altitude physiology and aviation medicine. He achieved fame for his invention of the Zuntz-Geppert respiratory apparatus in 1886 and the first treadmill (Laufband) in 1889. He also invented an X-ray apparatus to observe cardiac changes during exercise and constructed a climate chamber to study exercise under varying and sometimes extreme climates. * Focuses on Zuntz's contribution to high altitude physiology and aviation medicine

Breakthroughs in Space Life Science Research

Breakthroughs in Space Life Science Research Book
Author : Günter Ruyters,Markus Braun,Katrin Maria Stang
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 3030740226
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This last volume of the SpringerBriefs in Space Life Sciences series is setup in 5 main parts. The 1st part shortly summarizes the history of life science research in space from the late 40s until today with focus on Europe and Germany, followed by a part on describing flight opportunities including the Space Shuttle/Spacelab system and the International Space Station ISS; in the 3rd part it focuses on extraordinary success stories of this constantly challenging research program and highlights some important key findings in space life science research. The book introduces in the 4th part innovative developments in non-invasive biomedical diagnostics and training methods for astronauts that emerge from this program and are of benefit for people on Earth especially in the aging society. Last but not least in its 5th part it closes with an outlook on the future of space life sciences in the upcoming era of space exploration. The book is intended for students and research scientists in the life sciences and biomedicine as well as for interested lay persons, who wish to get an overview of space life science research: itsþ early days, current status and future directions.

At The Human Edge The Limits Of Human Physiology And Performance

At The Human Edge  The Limits Of Human Physiology And Performance Book
Author : Marcus Ranney
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2020-11-19
ISBN : 9811210136
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book is a non fiction-based piece of popular science which unravels the amazing adaptive physiological responses that our bodies undergo as we push it to the limits in extreme sports and natural environments. Each chapter captures the history, geography and physical challenges which our bodies face when we as a species have tried to conquer the great outdoors. From Mt Everest to the South Pole, from a journey to Mars to the bottom of the Mariana trench, the book makes the subject accessible to readers, with a basic knowledge of science, and also tries to bring in the author's own personal experiences and those of many legends from this sphere.For the reader (someone interested in science, particularly the life sciences or those who enjoy the outdoors and partake in extreme sports and outdoor activities), this is aimed to make physiology accessible and relatable, not as a piece of academic text.The reader will come away with a stronger understanding of human physiology (particularly at the extreme), how the body first deteriorates, then adapts and finally excels when faced with running a marathon, summiting Everest or going to Mars. Its cross functional nature, being a piece of non-fiction / popular science with personal anecdotes and history mixed in, will make for an interesting and memorable reading.

Ophthalmology in Extreme Environments

Ophthalmology in Extreme Environments Book
Author : Prem S. Subramanian
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-07-03
ISBN : 3319576003
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aiming to stimulate future research in ocular disorders that occur in specific environments presenting unique hazards to the eye, systemic health, or both, this book assists in identification and effective treatment for these cases. Ophthalmology in Extreme Environments identifies common approaches to the care of disease and injury in these conditions, recognizing gaps in knowledge and working toward better informing the reader. Topics covered include high altitude and vision changes, night vision and military operations, undersea environmental medicine, and modern eye trauma surgery and outcomes.

Contamination Mitigating Polymeric Coatings for Extreme Environments

Contamination Mitigating Polymeric Coatings for Extreme Environments Book
Author : Christopher J. Wohl,Douglas H. Berry
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-05-15
ISBN : 3030458393
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

​This volume provides perspectives on the approaches, mechanisms, test methods, durability considerations, and environmental concerns for contamination mitigating coatings and polymers with emphasis on their use in more extreme aerospace and marine terrestrial environments. Parts of the Volume are devoted to application of biomimetics to contamination mitigation polymeric coatings, low ice adhesion surfaces, insect residue adhesion resistance coatings, and marine biofouling mitigation materials. By juxtaposing ice insect, and marine mitigation approaches, researchers and users may more easily identify threads of similarity that will assist in future developments and potential applications in these areas. The volume is of interest to chemists and material scientists in providing awareness of both the need for efficacy in mitigating contamination and for appropriate coating durability; to physicists in providing better understanding of the interaction between the contaminant, the coated surface, and the surrounding environment; and to engineers in describing the need for better scale-up tests between laboratory and field environments.

M Health

M Health Book
Author : Robert Istepanian,Swamy Laxminarayan,Constantinos S. Pattichis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-01-04
ISBN : 9780387265599
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

M-health can be defined as the ‘emerging mobile communications and network technologies for healthcare systems.' This book paves the path toward understanding the future of m-health technologies and services and also introducing the impact of mobility on existing e-health and commercial telemedical systems. M-Health: Emerging Mobile Health Systems presents a new and forward-looking source of information that explores the present and future trends in the applications of current and emerging wireless communication and network technologies for different healthcare scenaria. It also provides a discovery path on the synergies between the 2.5G and 3G systems and other relevant computing and information technologies and how they prescribe the way for the next generation of m-health services. The book contains 47 chapters, arranged in five thematic sections: Introduction to Mobile M-health Systems, Smart Mobile Applications for Health Professionals, Signal, Image, and Video Compression for M-health Applications, Emergency Health Care Systems and Services, Echography Systems and Services, and Remote and Home Monitoring. This book is intended for all those working in the field of information technologies in biomedicine, as well as for people working in future applications of wireless communications and wireless telemedical systems. It provides different levels of material to researchers, computing engineers, and medical practitioners interested in emerging e-health systems. This book will be a useful reference for all the readers in this important and growing field of research, and will contribute to the roadmap of future m-health systems and improve the development of effective healthcare delivery systems.

The Social Life of Nanotechnology

The Social Life of Nanotechnology Book
Author : Barbara Herr Harthorn,John W. Mohr
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-06-03
ISBN : 1136258116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the interconnections and tensions between technological development, the social benefits and risks of new technology, and the changing political economy of a global world system as they apply to the emerging field of nanotechnologies. The basic premise, developed throughout the volume, is that nanotechnologies have an undertheorized and often invisible social life that begins with their constructed origins and propels them around the globe, across multiple localities, institutions and collaborations, through diverse industries, research labs, and government agencies and into the public sphere. The volume situates nano innovation and development as a modernist science and technology project in a tense and unstable relationship with a fractured, postmodern social world. The book is unique in incorporating and integrating studies of innovation systems along with a focus on the risks and consequences of a globally significant set of emerging technologies. It does this by examining the social and political conditions of their creation, production, emergence, and reception.

Ambient Intelligence for Scientific Discovery

Ambient Intelligence for Scientific Discovery Book
Author : Yang Cai
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-02-16
ISBN : 3540244662
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many difficult scientific discovery tasks can only be solved in interactive ways, by combining intelligent computing techniques with intuitive and adaptive user interfaces. It is inevitable to use human intelligence in scientific discovery systems: human eyes can capture complex patterns and relationships, along with detecting the exceptional cases in a data set; the human brain can easily manipulate perceptions to make decisions. Ambient intelligence is about this kind of ubiquitous and autonomous human interaction with information. Scientific discovery is a process of creative perception and communication, dealing with questions like: how do we significantly reduce information while maintaining meaning, or how do we extract patterns from massive data and growing data resources. Originating from the SIGCHI Workshop on Ambient Intelligence for Scientific Discovery, this state-of-the-art survey is organized in three parts: new paradigms in scientific discovery, ambient cognition, and ambient intelligence systems. Many chapters share common features such as interaction, vision, language, and biomedicine.