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Human Milk and Infant Formula

Human Milk and Infant Formula Book
Author : Vernal Packard
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323157831
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Milk and Infant Formula focuses on human milk and infant formula as the major sources of infant food. This book discusses the basic composition of human milk and explains the significant causes of variations in vitamins, minerals, and macronutrients. Comprised of nine chapters, this monograph starts with an overview of the benefits of breast-feeding with emphasis on the disease-fighting potential of mother's milk. This text then proceeds with a discussion of breast infections, contaminants of breast milk, allergic responses, and issues of drug use. Other chapters explore the formulation and processing of infant formula. This book discusses as well the emergence of milk banks that observe precautions in obtaining, storing, and pasteurizing human milk. The final chapter deals with the inability to digest lactose properly, which is commonly known as lactose intolerance. This monograph is a valuable resource for pediatricians, nutritionists, immunologists, as well as food technologists and chemists.

Human Milk in the NICU

Human Milk in the NICU Book
Author : Lois Arnold
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2010-10-22
ISBN : 9780763761332
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique text covers the use of banked, or stored, human milk in the hospital for premature and sick infants, and discusses the advantages of human milk feedings and the elements of hazard or risk introduced by the use of formulas, including rationales for the use of both mother’s own milk and donor human milk in the NICU. This reference also highlights domestic health policies that impact the use of human milk for sick and fragile infants, international models and policies for milk banking, the history of donor milk banking and how it came into being and ethical issues surrounding the delivery of milk banking services and donor human milk in the NICU.

Proteins and Non protein Nitrogen in Human Milk

Proteins and Non protein Nitrogen in Human Milk Book
Author : Stephanie Atkinson,Bo Lonnerdal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-11-14
ISBN : 1000714624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For the first time, an entire publication has been dedicated to providing a critical review of the identification and analysis of the milk specific proteins such as lactalbumin, lactoferrin and casein; the non-milk specific proteins such as plasma and membrane proteins; and the minor nitrogen-containing components such as enzymes, hormones, and growth factors. Biological roles, whether nutritional, endocrinological or immunological, of the specific nitrogen compounds in mammary milk production and/or growth and development of the breast-fed infant are also presented. Identification of the molecular weight compounds that have led to questions about their function in milk and their inclusion in modern infant formulas is thoroughly discussed and of great value to scientists in sub-specialties of biochemistry, nutrition, physiology and immunology, as well as to pediatric practitioners with primary interests in the infant food industry, academia, or clinical nutrition. The thoroughness of each chapter, often providing an historical panorama of the specific aspect of milk composition, makes this book useful for both the uninitiated and expert audiences who are interested in advancing their knowledge of human milk biochemistry and its physiological significance to the recipient infant.

Protecting Infants through Human Milk

Protecting Infants through Human Milk Book
Author : Larry K. Pickering,Ardythe L. Morrow,Guillermo M. Ruiz-Palacios,Richard Schanler
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-08-10
ISBN : 9780306485886
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Protecting Infants through Human Milk: Advancing the Scientific Evidence provides a forum in which basic scientists, clinicians, epidemiologists, and policy makers exchange the latest findings regarding the effects of human milk and breastfeeding on infant and maternal health, thereby fostering new and promising collaborations. This volume also integrates data from animal and in vitro laboratory studies with clinical and population studies to examine human milk production and composition, the mechanisms of infant protection and/or risk from human milk feeding, and proposed interventions related to infant feeding practices. Additionally, it stimulates critical evaluation of, and advances in, the scientific evidence base and research methods, and identifies the research priorities in various areas.

Bioactive Components of Human Milk

Bioactive Components of Human Milk Book
Author : David S. Newburg
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001-12-31
ISBN : 9780306466533
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The major emphasis in this book is a compilation and definition of what is known about components of human milk, including glycoconjugates, that inhibit common pathogens of the infant. Also discussed are other bioactive constituents whose relevant biological roles are also beginning to be defined. Hormonal and cytokine activity, immunomodulating and autoinflammatory agents, xenobiotics, and conditionally essential nutrients in milk could have roles in the protection of the infant, but may also participate in digestive processes, maternal--infant communication, maturation of the gut, central nervous system, and other components of infant growth and development. Like the protective activities, these are discussed in terms of their presence in milk, structures, potential functions, and structure/function relationship. Components whose role is nutritional support during early development of the infant are also included.

Infant Feedings

Infant Feedings Book
Author : Sandra T. Robbins,Robin Meyers,American Dietetic Association. Pediatric Nutrition Practice Group
Publisher : American Dietetic Associati
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0880914440
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Milk Biochemistry and Infant Formula Manufacturing Technology

Human Milk Biochemistry and Infant Formula Manufacturing Technology Book
Author : M. Guo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-08-12
ISBN : 0857099159
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since infant formula substitutes for human milk, its composition must match that of human milk as closely as possible. Quality control of infant formula is also essential to ensure product safety, as infants are particularly vulnerable food consumers. This book reviews the latest research into human milk biochemistry and best practice in infant formula processing technology and quality control. The most up to date reference on infant formula processing technology Reviews both human milk biochemistry and infant formula processing technology for broad and applied coverage Focusses exclusively on infant formulae

Human Milk

Human Milk Book
Author : Michelle McGuire,Deborah L. O'Connor
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-12-04
ISBN : 0128157070
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Milk: Sampling and Measurement of Energy-Yielding Nutrients and Other Macromolecules presents comprehensive, rigorous, state-of-the-science information on the origins, analysis, concentrations and variation in energy-yielding nutrients and other macromolecules present in human milk. The book includes information on how best to collect and store milk for determining concentrations of these important milk constituents and considers how to conduct milk composition analysis in research, clinical and resource-poor settings. Written by a group of international experts who are actively conducting research related to human milk macronutrients, each chapter also provides cutting-edge rationale for what research is still needed in this evolving field. In addition, the book also outlines challenges and opportunities faced by clinicians, industry leaders and regulators interested in adding these components to infant foods, human milk nutrient fortifier and formula. Presents analytical issues and challenges Contains information regarding optimal milk collection and storage procedures for each milk component Uses a systematic treatment of common factors relating to milk composition variation (e.g., time postpartum, maternal diet) Provides a brief summary at the end of each chapter Reviews the literature related to history/discovery, analysis, isoforms, origins/transport, variability, metabolism and research gaps

Best Medicine

Best Medicine Book
Author : Nancy E. Wight,Jane Morton,Jae H. Kim
Publisher : Hale Pub L P
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780981525747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Even though NICU care has improved the survival rate for premature infants dramatically, the percent of premature and low birth weight infants continues to rise. Although the benefits of human milk for term infants are well recognized, only recently has attention been paid to the crucial role of nutrition in the long-term outcome in premature infants. The good news is that current research confirms that human milk is especially important for the preterm infant in regards to host defense, gastrointestinal development, special nutrition, and neurodevelopmental outcome. The bad news is that many health care providers and NICUs are not taking full advantage of this “liquid gold,” and are not fully supporting mothers in their desire to provide milk and breastfeed their infants. In Best Medicine: Human Milk in the NICU, neonatalogists Nancy Wight, Jane Morton, and Jae Kim discuss the use of human milk and the support of breastfeeding for the premature infant and for all NICU infants. They provide both the “why” and the “how” to enable health care providers to take full advantage of human milk, and evidence to empower mothers of NICU infants to access needed assistance. They conclude that human milk should be the standard of care for all infants, particularly preterm infants. After reading this book, you will fully appreciate why human milk is the best medicine and the best nutrition for premature infants.

Chemical Contaminants in Human Milk

Chemical Contaminants in Human Milk Book
Author : Allan Astrup Jensen,Stuart A. Slorach
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1990-11-20
ISBN : 9780849366079
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical Contaminants in Human Milk contains a comprehensive, up-to-date global review of the contamination of human milk with environmental and occupational chemicals. The book covers many different aspects of this problem, including the extent and benefits of breast-feeding, the transfer of chemicals into breast milk, analytical methodologies used in human milk studies, the levels of chemical contaminants in human milk, and geographical variations and time trends in levels. The many different factors that can influence the levels of contaminants in breast milk are also discussed. Other important topics examined include human milk contamination due to exposure of the mother at the workplace and the risk to her baby, the intake of toxic chemicals by breast-fed infants, calculated intakes and official limit values, the toxicological implications of human milk contamination based on available data from animal experiments and human studies. The book concludes with an overall assessment of the current situation, together with recommendations for future work. Chemical Contaminants in Human Milk is a valuable source of information for pediatricians and other health professionals, policy makers involved with ensuring the health and welfare of infants and nursing mothers, nursing mothers and organizations involved in the promotion of breast feeding, and individuals and organizations involved with the study and control of environmental pollution and occupational hygiene.

Human Milk and Lactation

Human Milk and Lactation Book
Author : Maria Lorella Gianni
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-05-28
ISBN : 3039289233
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human milk is uniquely tailored to meet infants’ specific nutritional requirements. However, it is more than just “milk”. This dynamic and bioactive fluid allows mother–infant signalling over lactation, guiding the infant in the developmental and physiological processes. It exerts protection and life-long biological effects, playing a crucial role in promoting healthy growth and optimal cognitive development. The latest scientific advances have provided insight into different components of human milk and their dynamic changes over time. However, the complexity of human milk composition and the synergistic mechanisms responsible for its beneficial health effects have not yet been unravelled. Filling this knowledge gap will shed light on the biology of the developing infant and will contribute to the optimization of infant feeding, particularly that of the most vulnerable infants. Greater understanding of human milk will also help in elucidating the best strategies for its storage and handling. The increasing knowledge on human milk’s bioactive compounds together with the rapidly-advancing technological achievements will greatly enhance their use as prophylactic or therapeutic agents. The current Special Issue aims to welcome original works and literature reviews further exploring the complexity of human milk composition, the mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects associated with breastfeeding, and the factors and determinants involved in lactation, including its promotion and support.

Immunobiology of Human Milk

Immunobiology of Human Milk Book
Author : Lars A. Hanson,Lars Å Hanson
Publisher : Hale Pub L P
Release : 2004-01-01
ISBN : 9780972958301
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Immunobiology of Human Milk provides a thorough understanding of the wondrous biology of the immune components in human milk and how they protect the breastfed infant. In this book, Dr. Hanson describes the elaborate systems that have developed to protect the infant against infections and to promote the infant's growth and neurodevelopment. Dr. Hanson has been studying the immunobiology of breastmilk since 1955, publishing 650 scientific papers and editing/contributing to 19 books. He is one of the most highly respected immunobiologists/pediatricians in the world. Features included in this book include the bacterial colonization of the newborn, components of host defense, host defense of the growing baby, the pregnant mother's support of host defense in the fetus, the breastfeeding mother's support of host defense, protection against disease provided by breastfeeding, and infectious agents in breastmilk and their impact on breastfeeding.

Human Milk for Preterm Infants An Issue of Clinics in Perinatology E Book

Human Milk for Preterm Infants  An Issue of Clinics in Perinatology  E Book Book
Author : Francis B. Mimouni,Berthold Koletzko
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2017-02-06
ISBN : 0323510027
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dr. Mimouni and Dr. Koletzko have assembled some of the world's leaders on breast milk for preterm infants to provide a current overview of the benefits and barriers. Authors address the following topics: Preterm human milk macronutrient composition; Bed-side human milk analysis in the NICU; Human milk fortification; DHA supplements; Potential benefits of bioactive proteins in human milk for preterm infants; New insights into variations of metabolite and hormone contents in human milk; Immune properties of human milk in relation to preterm infant feeding; Human milk oligosaccharides; Treatment and quality of banked human milk; Use of donor milk: collection, storage and safety; Postnatal CMV infection through human milk in preterm infants: Transmission, clinical presentation, and prevention; NEC and human milk feeding; Neurodevelopmental outcomes of preterm infants fed human milk; Evidence-based methods that promote human milk feeding of preterm infants; and Human flavor learning: the breastfeeding experience. Lactiation consultants, NICU nurses, and neonatologists will find these clinical review articles to be very valuable.

Human Milk Composition Clinical Benefits and Future Opportunities

Human Milk  Composition  Clinical Benefits and Future Opportunities Book
Author : S.M. Donovan,J.B. German,B. Lönnerdal,A. Lucas
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release : 2019-03-13
ISBN : 331806341X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human milk contains all of the essential nutrients and other functional components thought to have short- and long-term neonatal health benefits, such as positive biological effects on growth, metabolism, cognition, and immunity. This publication brings together the world’s experts who touch on the spectrum of current knowledge, from the history and mechanics of breastfeeding, its physiological and clinical effects, to the new surprises revealed by metabolomics and comparative biology. One of the key points made is that human milk is not only a source of essential nutrients, but also contains a variety of bioactive substances. These include essential microbes, long-chain fatty acids, complex oligosaccharides, nucleotides, and bioactive signaling proteins and hormones. This book provides clinicians and researchers with useful insights from multiple perspectives on the various aspects of human milk and lactation.

Prebiotics and Probiotics in Human Milk

Prebiotics and Probiotics in Human Milk Book
Author : Michelle McGuire,Mark A McGuire,Lars Bode
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-10-06
ISBN : 0128027460
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Prebiotics and Probiotics in Human Milk: Origins and Functions of Milk-Borne Oligosaccharides and Bacteria provides a comprehensive, yet approachable, treatise on what is currently known about the origins and functions of human milk oligosaccharides (HMO), the complex sugars in milk that are not digested by the infant. The book examines how HMOs and bacteria in human milk may function independently and coordinately to influence both maternal and infant health. Human milk is the only food “designed specifically to nourish humans, indeed representing the essence of a perfect “functional food. And although researchers have been studying its composition for decades, surprisingly little is really understood about the origins and functions of its myriad components, an area that is especially true for HMOs and bacteria. This book provides a thorough review of the newest research on these inter-related milk constituents as written by a team of experts from both academia and industry who actively conduct HMO and human milk microbiome research as they endeavor to apply this new knowledge to infant nutrition. Each chapter provides objective rationale for what research is still needed in this rapidly evolving area, also discussing the challenges and opportunities faced by the industry in adding HMO and microbes to infant food products. This book is a valuable resource for nutrition researchers focused on infant nutrition, food scientists and product developers working on infant formula, and clinicians interested in broadening their understanding of the benefits of human milk for infants. Presents a reader-friendly, highly-curated text that includes a review of the literature related to origins, variability, metabolism, and functions of HMO and human milk bacteria Discusses the potential implications of HMO and milk microbiota to industry – for instance, utilization in the dairy industry and infant formula Consists of learning aids, such as pull quotes, critical summary statements, and an extensive list of published literature throughout

Trace Elements in the Human Milk

Trace Elements in the Human Milk Book
Author : Manuel de Rezende
Publisher :
Release : 2018
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human breast milk is considered to be the perfect food for infants, specifically adapted to their needs. Before birth, the mother transfers all the nutrients and bioactive components to the fetus through the placenta. After birth, these substances have to be transferred through colostrum and milk. In particular, human breast milk is supposed to provide all the essential trace elements that are required by the normal term newborn infant. Therefore, the composition of human breast milk and its changes during lactation is a topic of major importance and has been the subject for intensive research. Conversely, human milk can also be a transfer medium of undesirable (toxic) elements from the mother to the infant. An extensive review of the most recent literature was carried out focusing on the current trace elements levels and their changes during lactation. For several elements, there is a consistent knowledge of their characteristic concentrations throughout the various stages of lactation, their dependence on maternal nutritional status, inter-individual and geographical variability, metabolic pathways, inter-elemental relationships, and effects on child development. For many other elements, this knowledge does not exist or is quite limited.

Human Milk Biochemistry and Infant Formula Manufacturing Technology

Human Milk Biochemistry and Infant Formula Manufacturing Technology Book
Author : Mingruo Guo
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-09-24
ISBN : 0081028997
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Milk Biochemistry and Infant Formula Manufacturing Technology, Second Edition covers the history of bottle feeding, its advantages and disadvantages when compared with breast-feeding, human milk biochemistry, trends and new developments in infant formula formulation and manufacturing, and best practices in infant formula processing technology and quality control. The book also covers human milk proteomics as a new, separate chapter and provides additional information on infant formula clinical trial guidelines. In addition, the book includes information about the formulation and processing of premature and low birth weight infant formula. This book is sure to be a welcome resource for professionals in the food and infant formula industry, academics and graduate students in fields like nutrition, food sciences, or nursing, nutritionists and health professionals, government officials working in relevant departments, and finally, anyone interested in human milk and infant formula. Reviews both human milk biochemistry and infant formula processing technology for broad coverage Features a comprehensive review on the human milk protein profile using proteomics technology Contains information on infant formula processing technology Provides guidelines on infant formula clinical trials and related topics

Breastfeeding and Breast Milk From Biochemistry to Impact

Breastfeeding and Breast Milk   From Biochemistry to Impact Book
Author : Family Larsson-Rosenquist Foundation
Publisher : Georg Thieme Verlag
Release : 2018-09-19
ISBN : 3132204218
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An Evidence-Based Reference Book: a Key Resource for Decision Makers and Practitioners. Exploring the multifaceted, multidisciplinary and complex world of breastfeeding, breast milk and lactation. This book provides a factual, scientifically robust overview of the key topics written by leading experts at the heart of breastfeeding and breast milk. It aims to empower decision makers and practitioners with the knowledge required to increase promotion, protection and support for breastfeeding and the use of breast milk. This book is a compilation of evidence-based feature articles covering one of nature’s most valuable resources – breast milk. Based in Zug, Switzerland, the Family Larsson-Rosenquist Foundation is an independent charitable organisation that promotes research in breast milk and lactation.