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Human Milk

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Human Milk

Human Milk Book
Author : Michelle McGuire,O'Connor L. Deborah
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-22
ISBN : 0128157070
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Milk: Sampling and Measurement of Energy-Yielding Nutrients and Other Macromolecules presents comprehensive, rigorous, state-of-the-science information on the origins, analysis, concentrations and variation in energy-yielding nutrients and other macromolecules present in human milk. The book includes information on how best to collect and store milk for determining concentrations of these important milk constituents and considers how to conduct milk composition analysis in research, clinical and resource-poor settings. Written by a group of international experts who are actively conducting research related to human milk macronutrients, each chapter also provides cutting-edge rationale for what research is still needed in this evolving field. In addition, the book also outlines challenges and opportunities faced by clinicians, industry leaders and regulators interested in adding these components to infant foods, human milk nutrient fortifier and formula. Presents analytical issues and challenges Contains information regarding optimal milk collection and storage procedures for each milk component Uses a systematic treatment of common factors relating to milk composition variation (e.g., time postpartum, maternal diet) Provides a brief summary at the end of each chapter Reviews the literature related to history/discovery, analysis, isoforms, origins/transport, variability, metabolism and research gaps

Human Milk

Human Milk Book
Author : John I. Cole
Publisher : Nova Science Publishers
Release : 2021
ISBN : 9781536198249
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Mother's milk provides a wide variety of health benefits for infants, which is why breast feeding is highly recommended all over the world. This monograph provides details about the nutritional and bioactive properties of human milk, explaining the significance of this natural source of food. Chapter One describes how lactic acid bacteria present in human milk plays a critical role in establishing an immunocompetent microbiome in newborns, inducing multifarious health-promoting activities required to successfully initiate the life process. Chapter Two describes how the fatty acid profile of breastmilk varies according to the needs of the infant, particularly depending on the gestational age of the newborn, but also as a result of the mother's diet. Chapter Three summarizes the current literature on the composition of human milk and its life-course functional effects on health outcomes"--

Human Milk Biochemistry and Infant Formula Manufacturing Technology

Human Milk Biochemistry and Infant Formula Manufacturing Technology Book
Author : Mingruo Guo
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-09-11
ISBN : 0081028997
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Milk Biochemistry and Infant Formula Manufacturing Technology, Second Edition covers the history of bottle feeding, its advantages and disadvantages when compared with breast-feeding, human milk biochemistry, trends and new developments in infant formula formulation and manufacturing, and best practices in infant formula processing technology and quality control. The book also covers human milk proteomics as a new, separate chapter and provides additional information on infant formula clinical trial guidelines. In addition, the book includes information about the formulation and processing of premature and low birth weight infant formula. This book is sure to be a welcome resource for professionals in the food and infant formula industry, academics and graduate students in fields like nutrition, food sciences, or nursing, nutritionists and health professionals, government officials working in relevant departments, and finally, anyone interested in human milk and infant formula. Reviews both human milk biochemistry and infant formula processing technology for broad coverage Features a comprehensive review on the human milk protein profile using proteomics technology Contains information on infant formula processing technology Provides guidelines on infant formula clinical trials and related topics

Infant Formula

Infant Formula Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Food and Nutrition Board,Committee on the Evaluation of the Addition of Ingredients New to Infant Formula
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2004-06-10
ISBN : 9780309185509
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Infant formulas are unique because they are the only source of nutrition for many infants during the first 4 to 6 months of life. They are critical to infant health since they must safely support growth and development during a period when the consequences on inadequate nutrition are most severe. Existing guidelines and regulations for evaluating the safety of conventional food ingredients (e.g., vitamins and minerals) added to infant formulas have worked well in the past; however they are not sufficient to address the diversity of potential new ingredients proposed by manufacturers to develop formulas that mimic the perceived and potential benefits of human milk. This book, prepared at the request of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Health Canada, addresses the regulatory and research issues that are critical in assessing the safety of the addition of new ingredients to infants.

Handbook of dietary and nutritional aspects of human breast milk

Handbook of dietary and nutritional aspects of human breast milk Book
Author : Sherma Zibadi,Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy
Publisher : Wageningen Academic Publishers
Release : 2013-09-18
ISBN : 9086867642
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Breast feeding has a great impact on the growth of infants both physically and psychologically. Human breast milk is beneficial to infant health because it contains the necessary macro- and micro-nutrients for tissue accretion, repair and behavioural developments. The production of milk is a complex biological process and its composition and volume is dependent upon a variety of factors such as the health and dietary status of the mother. Moreover, it is influenced by the different stages and duration of breast feeding. Environmental factors, both global and local, may also alter lactation, milk composition and nutritional value. This handbook provides a unique and complete insight into the dietary and nutritional aspects of human breast milk. For a general understanding an overview is given of breast structure and function and lactation. Nutritional aspects are highlighted in a section on the composition of breast milk, including recent research results on breast milk and growth factors, vitamins, proteins and antigens, amongst others. Finally an analysis of both the beneficial and adverse factors relating to lactation and composition of breast milk are discussed.

Infant and young child feeding

Infant and young child feeding Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9789241597494
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Model Chapter on Infant and Young Child Feeding is intended for use in basic training of health professionals. It describes essential knowledge and basic skills that every health professional who works with mothers and young children should master. The Model Chapter can be used by teachers and students as a complement to textbooks or as a concise reference manual.

Banking on Milk

Banking on Milk Book
Author : Tanya Cassidy,Fiona Dykes
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-05-28
ISBN : 1351364103
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Banking on Milk takes the reader on a journey through the everyday life of donor human milk banking across the United Kingdom (UK) and beyond, asking questions such as the following: Why do people decide to donate? How do parents of recipients hear about human milk? How does milk donation impact on lifestyle choices? Chapters record the practical everyday reality of work in a milk bank by drawing on extensive ethnographic observations and sensitive interview data from donors, mothers of recipients and the staff of four different milk banks from across the UK, and visits to milk banks across Europe and North America. It discusses the ongoing pressures to do with supply, demand and distribution. An empirically informed "ethnography of the contemporary", where both biosociality and biopower abound, this book includes an exploration of how milk banks evolved from registering wet nurses with hospitals, showing how a regulatory culture of medical authority began to quantify and organize human milk as a commodity. This book is a valuable read for all those with an interest in breastfeeding or organ and tissue donation from a range of fields, including midwifery, sociology, anthropology, geography, cultural studies and public health.

Chemical Contaminants in Human Milk

Chemical Contaminants in Human Milk Book
Author : Allan Astrup Jensen,Stuart A. Slorach
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1990-11-20
ISBN : 9780849366079
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical Contaminants in Human Milk contains a comprehensive, up-to-date global review of the contamination of human milk with environmental and occupational chemicals. The book covers many different aspects of this problem, including the extent and benefits of breast-feeding, the transfer of chemicals into breast milk, analytical methodologies used in human milk studies, the levels of chemical contaminants in human milk, and geographical variations and time trends in levels. The many different factors that can influence the levels of contaminants in breast milk are also discussed. Other important topics examined include human milk contamination due to exposure of the mother at the workplace and the risk to her baby, the intake of toxic chemicals by breast-fed infants, calculated intakes and official limit values, the toxicological implications of human milk contamination based on available data from animal experiments and human studies. The book concludes with an overall assessment of the current situation, together with recommendations for future work. Chemical Contaminants in Human Milk is a valuable source of information for pediatricians and other health professionals, policy makers involved with ensuring the health and welfare of infants and nursing mothers, nursing mothers and organizations involved in the promotion of breast feeding, and individuals and organizations involved with the study and control of environmental pollution and occupational hygiene.

Prebiotics and Probiotics in Human Milk

Prebiotics and Probiotics in Human Milk Book
Author : Michelle McGuire,Mark A McGuire,Lars Bode
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-10-06
ISBN : 0128027460
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Prebiotics and Probiotics in Human Milk: Origins and Functions of Milk-Borne Oligosaccharides and Bacteria provides a comprehensive, yet approachable, treatise on what is currently known about the origins and functions of human milk oligosaccharides (HMO), the complex sugars in milk that are not digested by the infant. The book examines how HMOs and bacteria in human milk may function independently and coordinately to influence both maternal and infant health. Human milk is the only food “designed specifically to nourish humans, indeed representing the essence of a perfect “functional food. And although researchers have been studying its composition for decades, surprisingly little is really understood about the origins and functions of its myriad components, an area that is especially true for HMOs and bacteria. This book provides a thorough review of the newest research on these inter-related milk constituents as written by a team of experts from both academia and industry who actively conduct HMO and human milk microbiome research as they endeavor to apply this new knowledge to infant nutrition. Each chapter provides objective rationale for what research is still needed in this rapidly evolving area, also discussing the challenges and opportunities faced by the industry in adding HMO and microbes to infant food products. This book is a valuable resource for nutrition researchers focused on infant nutrition, food scientists and product developers working on infant formula, and clinicians interested in broadening their understanding of the benefits of human milk for infants. Presents a reader-friendly, highly-curated text that includes a review of the literature related to origins, variability, metabolism, and functions of HMO and human milk bacteria Discusses the potential implications of HMO and milk microbiota to industry – for instance, utilization in the dairy industry and infant formula Consists of learning aids, such as pull quotes, critical summary statements, and an extensive list of published literature throughout

Handbook of Milk Composition

Handbook of Milk Composition Book
Author : Gerard Meurant
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1995-10-23
ISBN : 0080533116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This informative treatise offers a concise collection of existing, expert data summarizing the composition of milk. The Handbook of Milk Composition summarizes current information on all aspects of human and bovine milk, including: sampling, storage, composition, as well as specific chapters on major and minor components such as protein, carbohydrates, lipids, electrolytes, minerals, vitamins and hormones. The book also features comprehensive coverage of compartmentation, host-defense components, factors affecting composition, composition of commercial formulas, and contaminants. * Reliable data on the composition of human and bovine milks. * Discusses the many factors affecting composition. * Composition tables make up 25-30% of the total book. * Problems concerning sampling and analysis are described. * Should appeal equally to industry and academia. * Also of interest to developing countries in need of information on infant nutrition and agricultural development

Dietary Reference Intakes for Sodium and Potassium

Dietary Reference Intakes for Sodium and Potassium Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Food and Nutrition Board,Committee to Review the Dietary Reference Intakes for Sodium and Potassium
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2019-08-26
ISBN : 0309488346
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As essential nutrients, sodium and potassium contribute to the fundamentals of physiology and pathology of human health and disease. In clinical settings, these are two important blood electrolytes, are frequently measured and influence care decisions. Yet, blood electrolyte concentrations are usually not influenced by dietary intake, as kidney and hormone systems carefully regulate blood values. Over the years, increasing evidence suggests that sodium and potassium intake patterns of children and adults influence long-term population health mostly through complex relationships among dietary intake, blood pressure and cardiovascular health. The public health importance of understanding these relationships, based upon the best available evidence and establishing recommendations to support the development of population clinical practice guidelines and medical care of patients is clear. This report reviews evidence on the relationship between sodium and potassium intakes and indicators of adequacy, toxicity, and chronic disease. It updates the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) using an expanded DRI model that includes consideration of chronic disease endpoints, and outlines research gaps to address the uncertainties identified in the process of deriving the reference values and evaluating public health implications.

Hale s Medications Mothers MilkTM 2021

Hale s Medications   Mothers  MilkTM 2021 Book
Author : Dr. Thomas W. Hale, PhD
Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
Release : 2020-07-14
ISBN : 0826189261
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by a world-renowned expert in perinatal pharmacology, this essential reference contains current, complete, and evidence-based information on the transmission of maternal drugs into human milk. Because so many women ingest medications while breastfeeding, one of the most common questions encountered in pediatrics is: Which drugs are safe and which are hazardous for the infant? This 2021 edition has been extensively revised, and now includes 50 completely new and 356 updated medications, and state-of-the-art coverage of multiple diseases, vaccines, and syndromes. It addresses the use of radiopharmaceuticals, chemotherapeutic agents, and vaccines in breastfeeding mothers, and covers adult concerns, methods of reducing risk to infants, and infant monitoring. New to the 2021 Edition: 50 New Drugs Added 356 Drugs Updated with new data 817 Drug References Updated An updated 7x10 trim size and streamlined design for ease of use in patient education The latest information on the impact of prescription medications, over-the-counter drugs, herbs, and street drugs Key Features: Evidence-based, current information on over 1300 drugs, diseases, vaccines, and syndromes Dr. Hale’s renowned “Lactation Risk Categories” incorporate recent updates Key points and savvy tips about breastfeeding and medications for quick reference Common abbreviations and drugs listed in alphabetical order Adult concerns, adult dose, pediatric concerns, infant monitoring, and alternatives Succinct information on evaluation of the infant

Breastfeeding and Breast Milk From Biochemistry to Impact

Breastfeeding and Breast Milk   From Biochemistry to Impact Book
Author : Family Larsson-Rosenquist Foundation
Publisher : Thieme
Release : 2018-11-21
ISBN : 3132204218
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An Evidence-Based Reference Book: A Key Resource for Decision Makers and Practitioners. Exploring the multifaceted, multidisciplinary and complex world of breastfeeding, breast milk and lactation. This book provides a factual, scientifically robust overview of the key topics written by leading experts at the heart of breastfeeding and breast milk. It aims to empower decision makers and practitioners with the knowledge required to increase promotion, protection and support for breastfeeding and the use of breast milk. This book is a compilation of evidence-based feature articles covering one of nature's most valuable resources — breast milk. Based in Zug, Switzerland, the Family Larsson-Rosenquist Foundation is an independent charitable organisation that promotes research in breast milk and lactation.

Immunobiology of Human Milk

Immunobiology of Human Milk Book
Author : Lars A. Hanson,Lars Å Hanson
Publisher : Hale Pub L P
Release : 2004-01-01
ISBN : 9780972958301
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Immunobiology of Human Milk provides a thorough understanding of the wondrous biology of the immune components in human milk and how they protect the breastfed infant. In this book, Dr. Hanson describes the elaborate systems that have developed to protect the infant against infections and to promote the infant's growth and neurodevelopment. Dr. Hanson has been studying the immunobiology of breastmilk since 1955, publishing 650 scientific papers and editing/contributing to 19 books. He is one of the most highly respected immunobiologists/pediatricians in the world. Features included in this book include the bacterial colonization of the newborn, components of host defense, host defense of the growing baby, the pregnant mother's support of host defense in the fetus, the breastfeeding mother's support of host defense, protection against disease provided by breastfeeding, and infectious agents in breastmilk and their impact on breastfeeding.

Trace Elements

Trace Elements Book
Author : Hosam El-Din M. Saleh,Eithar El-Adham
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-09-05
ISBN : 1789236703
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the last few years, we have witnessed increasing efforts dedicated to the scientific investigation and characteristics of trace elements. Especially in the field of human and animal nutrition, trace elements display a considerably attractive issue for research because they play an essential role in the nutrition of both animals and humans. Aquatic environments contaminated with trace elements are an emerging research area due to the toxicity, abundance, and environmental persistence of trace elements. Accumulation of heavy metals as a class of trace elements in various environments, and the subsequent transition of these elements into the food and feed chain, severely affects human health. The determination of type and concentration of trace elements is regarded as the first and most important step to follow the mechanisms controlling the dispersal and accumulation of trace elements. Element speciation in different media (water, soil, food, plants, coal, biological matter, food, and fodder) is pivotal to assess an element's toxicity, bioavailability, environmental mobility, and biogeochemical performance. Recently, new analytical techniques have been developed, which greatly simplified the quantitation of many trace elements and considerably extended their detection range. In this context, the development of reproducible and accurate techniques for trace element analysis in different media using spectroscopic instrumentation is continuously updated.

Residue Reviews

Residue Reviews Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1983
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Residue Reviews book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Human Milk and Lactation

Human Milk and Lactation Book
Author : Maria Lorella Gianni
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-05-28
ISBN : 3039289233
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human milk is uniquely tailored to meet infants’ specific nutritional requirements. However, it is more than just “milk”. This dynamic and bioactive fluid allows mother–infant signalling over lactation, guiding the infant in the developmental and physiological processes. It exerts protection and life-long biological effects, playing a crucial role in promoting healthy growth and optimal cognitive development. The latest scientific advances have provided insight into different components of human milk and their dynamic changes over time. However, the complexity of human milk composition and the synergistic mechanisms responsible for its beneficial health effects have not yet been unravelled. Filling this knowledge gap will shed light on the biology of the developing infant and will contribute to the optimization of infant feeding, particularly that of the most vulnerable infants. Greater understanding of human milk will also help in elucidating the best strategies for its storage and handling. The increasing knowledge on human milk’s bioactive compounds together with the rapidly-advancing technological achievements will greatly enhance their use as prophylactic or therapeutic agents. The current Special Issue aims to welcome original works and literature reviews further exploring the complexity of human milk composition, the mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects associated with breastfeeding, and the factors and determinants involved in lactation, including its promotion and support.

Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding Book
Author : Ruth A. Lawrence,Robert Michael Lawrence
Publisher : Mosby Incorporated
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Breastfeeding is a comprehensive clinical resource providing the information necessary to manage a nursing mother and child from conception through complete weaning. It will empower clinicians to provide thoughtful counseling and guidance to the breastfeeding family, stressing the importance of delivering care that is customized to each family's individual needs. The new fifth edition incorporates the latest information on infection, drugs in human breast milk, and human lactation. By utilizing scientific, evidence-based data, Breastfeeding is an indispensable reference for anyone whose patients include breastfeeding women.

Bioactive Components of Human Milk

Bioactive Components of Human Milk Book
Author : David S. Newburg
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461513715
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The major emphasis in this book is a compilation and definition of what is known about components of human milk, including glycoconjugates, that inhibit common pathogens of the infant. Also discussed are other bioactive constituents whose relevant biological roles are also beginning to be defined. Hormonal and cytokine activity, immunomodulating and autoinflammatory agents, xenobiotics, and conditionally essential nutrients in milk could have roles in the protection of the infant, but may also participate in digestive processes, maternal-infant communication, maturation of the gut, central nervous system, and other components of infant growth and development. Like the protective activities, these are discussed in terms of their presence in milk, structures, potential functions, and structure/function relationship. Components whose role is nutritional support during early development of the infant are also included.

White Gold

White Gold Book
Author : Susan Falls
Publisher : U of Nebraska Press
Release : 2017-09
ISBN : 0803277210
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Women have shared breast milk for eons, but in White Gold, Susan Falls shows how the meanings of capitalism, technology, motherhood, and risk can be understood against the backdrop of an emerging practice in which donors and recipients of breast milk are connected through social media in the southern United States. Drawing on her own experience as a participant, Falls describes the sharing community. She also presents narratives from donors, doulas, medical professionals, and recipients to provide a holistic ethnographic account. Situating her subject within cross-cultural comparisons of historically shifting attitudes about breast milk, Falls shows how sharing “white gold”—seen as a scarce, valuable, even mysterious substance—is a mode of enacting parenthood, gender, and political values. Though breast milk is increasingly being commodified, Falls argues that sharing is a powerful and empowering practice. Far from uniform, participants may be like-minded about parenting but not other issues, so their acquaintanceships add new textures to the body politic. In this interdisciplinary account, White Gold shows how sharing simultaneously reproduces the capitalist values that it disrupts while encouraging community-making between strangers.