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Human Genes and Genomes

Human Genes and Genomes Book
Author : Leon E. Rosenberg,Diane Drobnis Rosenberg
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-05-21
ISBN : 0123852137
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the nearly 60 years since Watson and Crick proposed the double helical structure of DNA, the molecule of heredity, waves of discoveries have made genetics the most thrilling field in the sciences. The study of genes and genomics today explores all aspects of the life with relevance in the lab, in the doctor’s office, in the courtroom and even in social relationships. In this helpful guidebook, one of the most respected and accomplished human geneticists of our time communicates the importance of genes and genomics studies in all aspects of life. With the use of core concepts and the integration of extensive references, this book provides students and professionals alike with the most in-depth view of the current state of the science and its relevance across disciplines. Bridges the gap between basic human genetic understanding and one of the most promising avenues for advances in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of human disease. Includes the latest information on diagnostic testing, population screening, predicting disease susceptibility, pharmacogenomics and more Explores ethical, legal, regulatory and economic aspects of genomics in medicine. Integrates historical (classical) genetics approach with the latest discoveries in structural and functional genomics

Recombinant DNA Genes and Genomes

Recombinant DNA  Genes and Genomes Book
Author : James D. Watson,Watson James D.,Watson,University Richard M Myers,Richard M. Myers,Amy A. Caudy,Jan A. Witkowski
Publisher : Macmillan
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9780716728665
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recombinant DNA, Third Edition, is an essential text for undergraduate, graduate, and professional courses in Genomics, Cell and Molecular Biology, Recombinant DNA, Genetic Engineering, Human Genetics, Biotechnology, and Bioinformatics. The Third Edition of this landmark text offers an authoritative, accessible, and engaging introduction to modern, genome-centered biology from its foremost practitioners. The new edition explores core concepts in molecular biology in a contemporary inquiry-based context, building its coverage around the most relevant and exciting examples of current research and landmark experiments that redefined our understanding of DNA. As a result, students learn how working scientists make real high-impact discoveries. The first chapters provide an introduction to the fundamental concepts of genetics and genomics, an inside look at the Human Genome Project, bioinformatic and experimental techniques for large-scale genomic studies, and a survey of epigenetics and RNA interference. The final chapters cover the quest to identify disease-causing genes, the genetic basis of cancer, and DNA fingerprinting and forensics. In these chapters the authors provide examples of practical applications in human medicine, and discuss the future of human genetics and genomics projects.

Genetics

Genetics Book
Author : Daniel L. Hartl,Elizabeth W. Jones
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9780763715113
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biological Sciences

Curiosity Guides The Human Genome

Curiosity Guides  The Human Genome Book
Author : John Quackenbush
Publisher : Charlesbridge
Release : 2011-02-01
ISBN : 1607343568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The DNA sequence that comprises the human genome--the genetic blueprint found in each of our cells--is undoubtedly the greatest code ever to be broken. Completed at the dawn of a new millennium, the feat electrified both the scientific community and the general public with its tantalizing promise of new and better treatments for countless diseases, including Alzheimer's, cancer, diabetes, and Parkinson's. Yet what is arguably the most important discovery of our time has also opened a Pandora's box of questions about who we are as humans and how the unique information stored in our genomes can and might be used, making it all the more important for everyone to understand the new science of genomics. In the CURIOSITY GUIDE TO THE HUMAN GENOME, Dr. John Quackenbush, a renowned scientist and professor, conducts a fascinating tour of the history and science behind the Human Genome Project and the technologies that are revolutionizing the practice of medicine today. With a clear and engaging narrative style, he demystifies the fundamental principles of genetics and molecular biology, including the astounding ways in which genes function, alone or together with other genes and the environment, to either sustain life or trigger disease. In addition, Dr. Quackenbush goes beyond medicine to examine how DNA-sequencing technology is changing how we think of ourselves as a species by providing new insights about our earliest ancestors and reconfirming our inextricable link to all life on earth. Finally, he explores the legal and ethical questions surrounding such controversial topics as stem cell research, prenatal testing, forensics, and cloning, making this volume of the Curiosity Guides series an indispensable resource for navigating our brave new genomic world.

The Human Genome

The Human Genome Book
Author : Julia E. Richards,R. Scott Hawley
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-12-12
ISBN : 9780080918655
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Significant advances in our knowledge of genetics were made during the twentieth century but in the most recent decades, genetic research has dramatically increased its impact throughout society. Genetic issues are now playing a large role in health and public policy, and new knowledge in this field will continue to have significant implications for individuals and society. Written for the non-majors human genetics course, Human Genetics, 3E will increase the genetics knowledge of students who are learning about human genetics for the first time. This thorough revision of the best-selling Human Genome,2E includes entirely new chapters on forensics, stem cell biology, bioinformatics, and societal/ethical issues associated with the field. New special features boxes make connections between human genetics and human health and disease. Carefully crafted pedagogy includes chapter-opening case studies that set the stage for each chapter; concept statements interspersed throughout the chapter that keep first-time students focused on key concepts; and end-of-chapter questions and critical thinking activities. This new edition will contribute to creating a genetically literate student population that understands basic biological research, understands elements of the personal and health implications of genetics, and participates effectively in public policy issues involving genetic information . Includes topical material on forensics, disease studies, and the human genome project to engage non-specialist students Full, 4-color illustration program enhances and reinforces key concepts and themes Uniform organization of chapters includes interest boxes that focus on human health and disease, chapter-opening case studies, and concept statements to engage non-specialist readers

Genomics

Genomics Book
Author : John M. Archibald
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018-03-22
ISBN : 0198786204
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genomics has transformed the biological sciences. From epidemiology and medicine to evolution and forensics, the ability to determine an organism's complete genetic makeup has changed the way science is done and the questions that can be asked of it. Its most celebrated achievement was theHuman Genome Project, a technologically challenging endeavor that took thousands of scientists around the world 13 years and over 3 billion US dollars to complete. In this Very Short Introduction John Archibald explores the science of genomics and its rapidly expanding toolbox. Sequencing a human genome now takes only a few days and costs as little as $1,000. The genomes of simple bacteria and viruses can be sequenced in a matter of hours on a device that fitsin the palm of your hand. The resulting sequences can be used to better understand our biology in health and disease and to 'personalize' medicine. Archibald shows how the field of genomics is on the cusp of another quantum leap; the implications for science and society are profound.ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, andenthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Genetics

Genetics Book
Author : Daniel L. Hartl,Maryellen Ruvolo
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Release : 2011-08-05
ISBN : 1449626106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Eighth Edition of Genetics: Analysis of Genes and Genomes provides a clear, balanced, and comprehensive introduction to genetics and genomics at the college level. Expanding upon the key elements that have made this text a success, Hartl has included updates throughout, as well as a new chapter dedicated to genetic evolution. He continues to treat transmission genetics, molecular genetics, and evolutionary genetics as fully integrated subjects and provide students with an unprecedented understanding of the basic process of gene transmission, mutation, expression, and regulation. New chapter openers include a new section highlighting scientific competencies, while end-of-chapter Guide to Problem-Solving sections demonstrate the concepts needed to efficiently solve problems and understand the reasoning behind the correct answer. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.

The Human Genome

The Human Genome Book
Author : Carina Dennis,Richard B. Gallagher
Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9780333971437
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Filled with stunning full-color illustrations, the editors of Nature present an authoritative guide to human genome sequencing, history's most significant discovery, that covers a vast array of information including genetics, basic biology, the key players, the project's landmark events, and its political, social, and scientific impact, and includes the full text of Nature's paper that divulged the human genome.

Human Molecular Genetics 3

Human Molecular Genetics 3 Book
Author : T. Strachan,Andrew P. Read
Publisher : Garland Science
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9780815341840
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Professors Tom Strachan & Andrew Read awarded the Education Award 2007 of the ESHG for their outstanding contribution to the dispersal of knowledge of modern human molecular genetics among students and professionals. Following the completion of the Human Genome Project the content and organization of the third edition of Human Molecular Genetics has been thoroughly revised. * Part One (Chapters 1-7) covers basic material on DNA structure and function, chromosomes, cells and development, pedigree analysis and the basic techniques used in the laboratory. * Part Two (Chapters 8-12) discusses the various genome sequencing projects and the insights they provide into the organisation, expression, variation and evolution of our genome. * Part Three (Chapters 13-18) focuses on mapping, identifying and diagnosing the genetic causes of mendelian and complex diseases and cancer. * Part Four (Chapters 19-21) looks at the wider horizons of functional genomics, proteomics, bioinformatics, animal models and therapy. There are new chapters on cells and development and on functional genomics. The sections on complex diseases have been completely rewritten and reorganized, as has the chapter on Genome Projects. Other changes include a new section on molecular phylogenetics (Chapter 12) and the introduction of 'Ethics Boxes' to discuss some of the implications of the new knowledge. Virtually every page has been revised and updated to take account of the stunning developments of the past four years since the publication of the last edition of Human Molecular Genetics. Features: * Integration of Human Genome Project data throughout the book * Two new chapters 'Cells and Development' (Chapter 3) and 'Beyond the Genome Project: Functional Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics' (Chapter 19) * Completely rewritten and reorganised coverage of complex disease genetics * Increased emphasis on gene function and on applications of genetic knowledge, including ethical issues * More prominence given to novel approaches to treating disease, such as cell-based therapies, pharmacogenomics, and personalised medicine * Special topic boxes that include detailed coverage of ethical, legal and social issues, including eugenics, genetic testing and discrimination, germ-line gene therapy and genetic enhancement, and human cloning * Contains two indices: a general index and one that contains names of diseases and disorders Supplements: Art of HMG3 (CD-ROM) 0-8153-4183-0: £34.00

The Genome Generation

The Genome Generation Book
Author : Elizabeth Finkel
Publisher : Melbourne Univ. Publishing
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0522856470
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The year 2001 marked more than just the beginning of Stanley Kubrick's Space Odyssey, it marked the beginning of the genome era. That was the year scientists first read the 3 billion letters of DNA that make up the human genome. This was followed by a veritable Noah's Ark of genomesandmdash;sponges and worms, dogs and cows, rice and wheat, chimps and elephantsandmdash;180 creatures aboard so far. So what have we learned from all this? How has it changed the way we practise medicine, grow crops and breed livestock? What have we learned about evolution? These are the questions science writer and molecular biologist Elizabeth Finkel asked herself four years ago. To find the answers she travelled the science frontier from Botswana to Boston, from Warracknabeal to Mexico and tracked down scientists working in the field. Their stories, told here, paint the picture of what it means to be part of the genome generation. 'The Genome Generation is absolutely riveting. These tales from the frontier are a 'must read' for everyone who wishes to understand our pastandmdash;the logic of evolutionandmdash;or take a peep into our exciting future at the creation of 'super plants' through 'digital agriculture'.'andmdash;R.A. Mashelkar, CSIR Bhatnagar Fellow and India President, Global Research Alliance

Genes Genomes Genetics and Chromosomes

Genes   Genomes  Genetics and Chromosomes Book
Author : Logan Aguilar
Publisher : Scientific e-Resources
Release : 2019-09-03
ISBN : 1839473517
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A genome is an organism's complete set of DNA, including all of its genes. Each genome contains all of the information needed to build and maintain that organism. In humans, a copy of the entire genome-more than three billion DNA base pairs-is contained in all cells that have a nucleus. Developmental Genetics studies how the genes regulate developmental changes in behavior and influence scientific approaches in several fields. It highlights the interdisciplinary approach of developmental genetics with new revolutionary technologies and details how these advances have accelerated our understanding of the molecular genetic processes that regulates development. Chromosomes come in matching sets of two (or pairs) and there are hundreds-sometimes thousands-of genes in just one chromosome. The chromosomes and genes are made of DNA, which is short for deoxyribonucleic. Genes, Genomes, and Genomics, with chapters written by internationally renowned experts, provide an enormous reservoir of new information in the various theoretical and applied aspects of unravelling the secrets hidden in the genes of plants, animals and microorganisms. A gene is the basic physical and functional unit of heredity. Genes, which are made up of DNA, act as instructions to make molecules called proteins. In humans, genes vary in size from a few hundred DNA bases to more than two million bases. Moreover, the book presents a thorough overview of a wide array of methodologies from classical genetics to modern genomics technologies.

Genes and Human Self Knowledge

Genes and Human Self Knowledge Book
Author : Robert F. Weir,Susan C. Lawrence,Evan Fales
Publisher : University of Iowa Press
Release : 1994
ISBN : 9781587292484
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Genes and Human Self Knowledge book written by Robert F. Weir,Susan C. Lawrence,Evan Fales, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Bones Brains and DNA

Bones  Brains and DNA Book
Author : Ian Tattersall,Rob DeSalle
Publisher : Bunker Hill Publishing, Inc.
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9781593730567
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explores the tools and methods used to study human origins and discusses milestones in human evolution, human movement across the planet, and the beginnings of being human through language, music, art, and technology.

Human Molecular Genetics

Human Molecular Genetics Book
Author : Tom Strachan,Andrew Read
Publisher : Garland Science
Release : 2018-03-29
ISBN : 1136844074
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Molecular Genetics is an established and class-proven textbook for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students which provides an authoritative and integrated approach to the molecular aspects of human genetics. While maintaining the hallmark features of previous editions, the Fourth Edition has been completely updated. It includes new Key Concepts at the beginning of each chapter and annotated further reading at the conclusion of each chapter, to help readers navigate the wealth of information in this subject. The text has been restructured so genomic technologies are integrated throughout, and next generation sequencing is included. Genetic testing, screening, approaches to therapy, personalized medicine, and disease models have been brought together in one section. Coverage of cell biology including stem cells and cell therapy, studying gene function and structure, comparative genomics, model organisms, noncoding RNAs and their functions, and epigenetics have all been expanded.

Human Genetics The Basics

Human Genetics  The Basics Book
Author : Ricki Lewis
Publisher : Garland Science
Release : 2010-10-06
ISBN : 0203840585
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human genetics has blossomed from an obscure branch of biological science and occasional explanation for exceedingly rare disorders to a field all of its own that affects everyone. Human Genetics: The Basics introduces the key questions and issues in this emerging field, including: The common ancestry of all humanity The role of genes in sickness and health Debates over the use of genetic technology Written in an engaging, narrative manner, this concise introduction is an ideal starting point for anyone who wants to know more about genes, DNA, and the genetic ties that bind us all.

The Book of Man

The Book of Man Book
Author : Walter Fred Bodmer,Robin McKie
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release : 1997-01
ISBN : 0195114876
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

James Watson, a discoverer of the structure of DNA, described it as "the most golden of molecules," the true chemical for life. Indeed, it is the essential component from which our genes are made. In it is encoded the genetic language that controls our destinies. Astonishingly powerful, just six millionths of a gram of DNA carries as much information as ten volumes of the Oxford English Dictionary. The "Book of Man," is the term used by Walter Bodmer and Robin McKie for the DNA that is the instruction set according to which all humans are made. At conception, a single cell--the fertilized egg--is produced, and it is this one cell that has the potential to form a new and unique individual under the guidance of the DNA within its nucleus. The human body is made up of a hundred million million cells of many different sorts, and all contain the inherited information that comes from that first, single cell created at fertilization. Bodmer and McKie assert that when we learn how to read DNA's pages and chapters we will obtain the information relevant to the understanding of most diseases, individual differences in behavior, and a new awareness of our own history and evolution. The Book of Man explores how genetic information is now being read and interpreted by focusing on biology's most ambitious undertaking to date--the Human Genome Project, an attempt to uncover all the 100,000 genes that control our development and detail the DNA alphabet of each. The authors go on to wrestle with the moral and ethical issues of modern genetics, making a case for a rational appraisal of genetic engineering and for the public to become sufficiently "DNA literate" in order to appreciate the crucial role it plays in our lives. From Gregor Mendel's discovery of the laws of inheritance to the high-tech, crime-stopping power of forensics science and the fascinating but sometimes troublesome implications of the latest science of genetic engineering, The Book of Man brilliantly explores and explains the quest that is changing our understanding of what it means to be a human being.

Vogel and Motulsky s Human Genetics

Vogel and Motulsky s Human Genetics Book
Author : Michael Speicher,Stylianos E. Antonarakis,Arno G. Motulsky
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-11-26
ISBN : 3540376542
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The fourth edition of this classical reference book can once again be relied upon to present a cohesive and up-to-date exposition of all aspects of human and medical genetics. Human genetics has become one of the main basic sciences in medicine, and molecular genetics is increasingly becoming a major part of this field. This new edition integrates a wealth of new information - mainly describing the influence of the "molecular revolution" - including the principles of epigenetic processes which together create the phenotype of a human being. Other revisions are an improved layout, sub-division into a larger number of chapters, as well as two-colour print throughout for ease of reference, and many of the figures are now in full colour. For graduates and those already working in medical genetics.

Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics

Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Sex Itself

Sex Itself Book
Author : Sarah S. Richardson
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2013-12-13
ISBN : 022608471X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human genomes are 99.9 percent identical—with one prominent exception. Instead of a matching pair of X chromosomes, men carry a single X, coupled with a tiny chromosome called the Y. Tracking the emergence of a new and distinctive way of thinking about sex represented by the unalterable, simple, and visually compelling binary of the X and Y chromosomes, Sex Itself examines the interaction between cultural gender norms and genetic theories of sex from the beginning of the twentieth century to the present, postgenomic age. Using methods from history, philosophy, and gender studies of science, Sarah S. Richardson uncovers how gender has helped to shape the research practices, questions asked, theories and models, and descriptive language used in sex chromosome research. From the earliest theories of chromosomal sex determination, to the mid-century hypothesis of the aggressive XYY supermale, to the debate about Y chromosome degeneration, to the recent claim that male and female genomes are more different than those of humans and chimpanzees, Richardson shows how cultural gender conceptions influence the genetic science of sex. Richardson shows how sexual science of the past continues to resonate, in ways both subtle and explicit, in contemporary research on the genetics of sex and gender. With the completion of the Human Genome Project, genes and chromosomes are moving to the center of the biology of sex. Sex Itself offers a compelling argument for the importance of ongoing critical dialogue on how cultural conceptions of gender operate within the science of sex.

Unzipped Genes

Unzipped Genes Book
Author : Martine Aliana Rothblatt
Publisher : Temple University Press
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9781566395540
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How will we handle baby-making and pregnancy in the next 5, 25, and 75 years? New reproductive technology, genetic screening, and DNA-mapping have changed the 20th-century rules. In this revolutionary manifesto, Martine Rothblatt proposes a code of ethics to guide childbirth decisions in the brave new world of biotechnology.The trigger for Unzipped Genesis the Human Genome Project, a multibillion dollar effort to unlock the secrets of the human genetic code. This new "genomic" knowledge can be used for tremendous good, such as curing disease, or unprecedented harm, such as the kinds of master race eugenics already visible in Asia, where social pressures force families to choose to abort female fetuses. Without a bioethics of birth, we risk creating a new kind of racism, which Rothblatt calls "genism," based on officially sanctioned genetic characteristics. Unregulated genetic decision-making can open the door to invasion of privacy, efforts to eliminate certain kinds of people from the gene pool, or government or corporate efforts to gain control of the human genome.Rothblatt bases her bioethics of birth on four principles designed to empower the beneficial potential of genomics without unleashing genism. First, we must agree that the human genome belongs indivisibly to us all. Second, we must allow each person an unfettered right to intentionally create in his or her children new versions of the genome without limitations on its genetic characteristics. Third, we must insist that society has a right to help prevent unwanted pregnancies. And finally, we must ensure that genetically influenced characteristics -- from skin tone to predispositions to disease, from sexual orientation to various mental inclinations -- will not be the basis of discrimination of any kind.Writing concretely and persuasively, Rothblatt explains the biotechnology of the Human Genome Project in terms we all can understand. Not limiting her bioethics to the realm of abstraction, she maintains that her new bioethics of birth will lead to the end of abortion and unwanted pregnancy and the creation of a world in which people can achieve a greater solidarity with one another. Author note: Martine Rothblatt is an international high-tech lawyer and speaker on bioethics in Washington, D.C. She is also the Chairperson of the Bioethics Subcommittee of the International Bar Association and the author of The Apartheid of Sex.