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Human Factors In The Nuclear Industry

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Human Factors in the Nuclear Industry

Human Factors in the Nuclear Industry Book
Author : Anna-Maria Teperi,Nadezhda Gotcheva
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-10-17
ISBN : 0081028466
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Factors in the Nuclear Industry: A Systemic Approach to Safety presents the latest research and studies of human factors in the nuclear industry. It models and highlights scientific and technological foundations before providing practical examples of applications within the nuclear facility of human performance at an individual, group, organization, and system level. Editors Dr. Teperi and Dr. Gotcheva supply concrete models, tools and techniques based on research to provide the reader with knowledge of how to facilitate and support human performance in this dynamic and fast moving safety critical field. Models and case studies are provided to add practical benefits for the reader to apply to their own projects, including user friendly state-of-the-art equipment, fluent work processes for information flow, functional control room resource management, and scope for competence and learning in the work place. This book will benefit nuclear researchers, safety experts, human factors professionals and power plant operators, as well as those with an interest in human factors outside of the nuclear field. Provides a comprehensive framework for human factors, considering not only the individual, but also the team, organizational and industrial levels Presents tried and tested tools and techniques based on research from the nuclear industry Includes models, examples and case studies of user-friendly equipment, fluent work processes and functional control room resource management

Human Factors Research and Nuclear Safety

Human Factors Research and Nuclear Safety Book
Author : National Research Committee on Human Factors
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1988-01-01
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Human Factors Research and Nuclear Safety book written by National Research Committee on Human Factors, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Human Factors in Nuclear Safety

Human Factors in Nuclear Safety Book
Author : Neville A. Stanton
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1996-04-12
ISBN : 1135794375
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is a growing recognition amongst those involved with the creation and distribution of nuclear power of the value and positive impact of ergonomics, recognition heightened by the realization that safety incidents are rarely the result of purely technical failure. This work provides insights into plant design, performance shaping factors,

Nuclear Safety

Nuclear Safety Book
Author : Jyuji Misumi,Rainer Miller,Bernhard Wilpert
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1998-11-11
ISBN : 1135735093
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For many years, as a direct result of international governmental concern, the nuclear power industry has been at the forefront of industrial safety. This text represents a cross-disciplinary look at the human factors developments in this industry, with wider applications for the entire industrial sector. Technical, psychological and social aspects

Applying Human Factors Evaluation and Design Guidance to a Nuclear Power Plant Digital Control System

Applying Human Factors Evaluation and Design Guidance to a Nuclear Power Plant Digital Control System Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The United States (U.S.) nuclear industry, like similar process control industries, has moved toward upgrading its control rooms. The upgraded control rooms typically feature digital control system (DCS) displays embedded in the panels. These displays gather information from the system and represent that information on a single display surface. In this manner, the DCS combines many previously separate analog indicators and controls into a single digital display, whereby the operators can toggle between multiple windows to monitor and control different aspects of the plant. The design of the DCS depends on the function of the system it monitors, but revolves around presenting the information most germane to an operator at any point in time. DCSs require a carefully designed human system interface. This report centers on redesigning existing DCS displays for an example chemical volume control system (CVCS) at a U.S. nuclear power plant. The crucial nature of the CVCS, which controls coolant levels and boration in the primary system, requires a thorough human factors evaluation of its supporting DCS. The initial digital controls being developed for the DCSs tend to directly mimic the former analog controls. There are, however, unique operator interactions with a digital vs. analog interface, and the differences have not always been carefully factored in the translation of an analog interface to a replacement DCS. To ensure safety, efficiency, and usability of the emerging DCSs, a human factors usability evaluation was conducted on a CVCS DCS currently being used and refined at an existing U.S. nuclear power plant. Subject matter experts from process control engineering, software development, and human factors evaluated the DCS displays to document potential usability issues and propose design recommendations. The evaluation yielded 167 potential usability issues with the DCS. These issues should not be considered operator performance problems but rather opportunities identified by experts to improve upon the design of the DCS. A set of nine design recommendations was developed to address these potential issues. The design principles addressed the following areas: (1) color, (2) pop-up window structure, (3) navigation, (4) alarms, (5) process control diagram, (6) gestalt grouping, (7) typography, (8) terminology, and (9) data entry. Visuals illustrating the improved DCS displays accompany the design recommendations. These nine design principles serve as the starting point to a planned general DCS style guide that can be used across the U.S. nuclear industry to aid in the future design of effective DCS interfaces.

Emerging Demands for the Safety of Nuclear Power Operations

Emerging Demands for the Safety of Nuclear Power Operations Book
Author : Naosuke Itoigawa,Babette Fahlbruch,Bernhard Wilpert
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-07-08
ISBN : 0203362691
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Technological and social aspects of industrial safety come under the scrutiny of scientists and engineers from an array of backgrounds. This is the third publication developed from a very fruitful, longstanding cooperation between the Institute of Social Research within the Institute of Nuclear Safety System in Japan, and the Research Center System. The book presents a cross-disciplinary, state-of-the-art look at the latest human factors developments in the industry, with wider applications for the entire industrial sector. Expert contributors explore issues in key areas.

Human Factors of Protective Clothing in the Nuclear Industry

Human Factors of Protective Clothing in the Nuclear Industry Book
Author : Corina P. Grace
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Human Factors of Protective Clothing in the Nuclear Industry book written by Corina P. Grace, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Quality Management in the Nuclear Industry

Quality Management in the Nuclear Industry Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Quality Management in the Nuclear Industry book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in Human Factors in Energy Oil Gas Nuclear and Electric Power Industries

Advances in Human Factors in Energy  Oil  Gas  Nuclear and Electric Power Industries Book
Author : Sacit M. Cetiner,Paul Fechtelkotter,Michael Legatt
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-07-26
ISBN : 3319419501
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses human factors research in energy, an emphasis on human factors applications in design, construction, and operation of nuclear, electrical power generation, and oil and gas assets. It discusses advanced strategies in the optimization of human and environmental performance, as well as personal and process safety. The book covers a wealth of topics in design and operation management of both offshore and onshore facilities, including design of control rooms, front-end engineering design (FEED), criticality analysis, offshore transport, human contributions to accidents, cognitive bias in decision making, safety-critical human tasks, and many others. Based on the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Human Factors in Energy, held on July 27-31, 2016, in Walt Disney World®, Florida, USA, the book fills an important gap in the current literature, providing readers with state-of-the-art knowledge in human factors best-practice approaches across different types of industries and energy applications.

Critical Human Factors Issues in Nuclear Power Regulation and a Recommended Comprehensive Human Factors Longe range Plan

Critical Human Factors Issues in Nuclear Power Regulation and a Recommended Comprehensive Human Factors Longe range Plan Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1982
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Critical Human Factors Issues in Nuclear Power Regulation and a Recommended Comprehensive Human Factors Longe range Plan book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Establishing a Value Chain for Human Factors in Nuclear Power Plantcontrol Room Modernization

Establishing a Value Chain for Human Factors in Nuclear Power Plantcontrol Room Modernization Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Commercial nuclear power plants in the United States (U.S.) have operated reliably and efficiently for decades. With the life extensions of plants now being planned for operation beyond their original operating licenses, there are opportunities to achieve even greater efficiencies, while maintaining high operational reliabilities, with strategic, risk- and economically-informed, upgrades to plant systems and infrastructure. The U.S. Department of Energy's Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) program supports the commercial nuclear industry's modernization efforts through research and development (R & D) activities across many areas to help establish the technical and economic bases for modernization activities. The Advanced Instrumentation, Information, and Control Systems Technologies pathway is one R & D focus area for the LWRS program, and has researchers at Idaho National Laboratory working with select utility partners to use human factors and instrumentation and controls R & D to help modernize the plant's main control room. However, some in the nuclear industry have not been as enthusiastic about using human factors R & D to inform life extension decision making. Part of the reason for this may stem from uncertainty decision-makers have regarding how human factors fits into the value chain for nuclear power plant control room modernization. This paper reviews past work that has attempted to demonstrate the value of human factors, and then describes the value chain concept, how it applies to control room modernization, and then makes a case for how and why human factors is an essential link in the modernization value chain.

Safety Reliability Human Factors and Human Error in Nuclear Power Plants

Safety  Reliability  Human Factors  and Human Error in Nuclear Power Plants Book
Author : B.S. Dhillon
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-14
ISBN : 1351624008
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Each year billions of dollars are being spent in the area of nuclear power generation to design, construct, manufacture, operate, and maintain various types of systems around the globe. Many times these systems fail due to safety, reliability, human factors, and human error related problems. The main objective of this book is to combine nuclear power plant safety, reliability, human factors, and human error into a single volume for those individuals that work closely during the nuclear power plant design phase, as well as other phases, thus eliminating the need to consult many different and diverse sources in obtaining the desired information.

Human Factors in Nuclear Power Plant Design Operation and Safety

Human Factors in Nuclear Power Plant Design  Operation  and Safety Book
Author : Ontario. Royal Commission on Electric Power Planning,P.J. Foley,J.W. Senders,Micromedia Limited
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1975
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Human Factors in Nuclear Power Plant Design Operation and Safety book written by Ontario. Royal Commission on Electric Power Planning,P.J. Foley,J.W. Senders,Micromedia Limited, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Human Factors Guide for Nuclear Power Plant Control Room Development

Human Factors Guide for Nuclear Power Plant Control Room Development Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Human Factors Guide for Nuclear Power Plant Control Room Development book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Human Factors in Nuclear Power Plant Design Operation and Safety

Human Factors in Nuclear Power Plant Design  Operation and Safety Book
Author : Ontario. Royal Commission on Electric Power Planning
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1978
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Human Factors in Nuclear Power Plant Design Operation and Safety book written by Ontario. Royal Commission on Electric Power Planning, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Human Factors Engineering Aspects of Instrumentation and Control System Design

Human Factors Engineering Aspects of Instrumentation and Control System Design Book
Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-05-30
ISBN : 9789201215208
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Safety, reliability, and productivity in the nuclear industry result from a systematic consideration of human performance. A plant or other facility consists of both the engineered system and the human users of that system. It is therefore crucial that engineering activities consider the humans who will be interacting with those systems. Engineering design, specifically instrumentation and control (I&C) design, can influence human performance by driving how plant personnel carry out work and respond to events within a nuclear power plant. As a result, human-system interfaces (HSIs) for plant operators as well as the maintenance and testing of the I&C system cannot be designed by isolated disciplines. The focus of this publication is to integrate knowledge from the disciplines of human factors engineering (HFE) and I&C to emphasize an interdisciplinary approach for the design of better HSIs and consequently improved human performance in nuclear power plants. This is accomplished by practical explanations of the HFE processes and corresponding outputs that inform the I&C development. More specifically, the publication addresses issues in the design process where collaboration between HFE, I&C and other important disciplines and stakeholders is paramount and identifies key tools and tasks for exchanging inputs and outputs between different design disciplines, particularly I&C and HFE. The practical information provided in this publication is intended to support Member States' capabilities to improve their approach to I&C through the consideration of HFE.

Critical Human Factors Issues in Nuclear Power Regulation and a Recommended Comprehensive Human Factors Longe range Plan Critical discussion of human factors areas of concern

Critical Human Factors Issues in Nuclear Power Regulation and a Recommended Comprehensive Human Factors Longe range Plan  Critical discussion of human factors areas of concern Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1982
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Critical Human Factors Issues in Nuclear Power Regulation and a Recommended Comprehensive Human Factors Longe range Plan Critical discussion of human factors areas of concern book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Human Factors Considerations in New Nuclear Power Plants

Human Factors Considerations in New Nuclear Power Plants Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) sponsored study has identified human-performance issues in new and advanced nuclear power plants. To identify the issues, current industry developments and trends were evaluated in the areas of reactor technology, instrumentation and control technology, human-system integration technology, and human factors engineering (HFE) methods and tools. The issues were organized into seven high-level HFE topic areas: Role of Personnel and Automation, Staffing and Training, Normal Operations Management, Disturbance and Emergency Management, Maintenance and Change Management, Plant Design and Construction, and HFE Methods and Tools. The issues where then prioritized into four categories using a 'Phenomena Identification and Ranking Table' methodology based on evaluations provided by 14 independent subject matter experts. The subject matter experts were knowledgeable in a variety of disciplines. Vendors, utilities, research organizations and regulators all participated. Twenty issues were categorized into the top priority category. This Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) technical report provides the detailed methodology, issue analysis, and results. A summary of the results of this study can be found in NUREG/CR-6947. The research performed for this project has identified a large number of human-performance issues for new control stations and new nuclear power plant designs. The information gathered in this project can serve as input to the development of a long-term strategy and plan for addressing human performance in these areas through regulatory research. Addressing human-performance issues will provide the technical basis from which regulatory review guidance can be developed to meet these challenges. The availability of this review guidance will help set clear expectations for how the NRC staff will evaluate new designs, reduce regulatory uncertainty, and provide a well-defined path to new nuclear power plant licensing.

Critical Human Factors Issues in Nuclear Power Regulation and a Recommended Comprehensive Human Factors Longe range Plan Programs evaluation and recommended long range plan

Critical Human Factors Issues in Nuclear Power Regulation and a Recommended Comprehensive Human Factors Longe range Plan  Programs evaluation and recommended long range plan Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1982
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Critical Human Factors Issues in Nuclear Power Regulation and a Recommended Comprehensive Human Factors Longe range Plan Programs evaluation and recommended long range plan book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Human Factors Engineering Aspects of Instrumentation and Control System Design

Human Factors Engineering Aspects of Instrumentation and Control System Design Book
Author : IAEA
Publisher : International Atomic Energy Agency
Release : 2021-03-31
ISBN : 920121720X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Safety, reliability, and productivity in the nuclear industry result from a systematic consideration of human performance. A plant or other facility consists of both the engineered system and the human users of that system. It is therefore crucial that engineering activities consider the humans who will be interacting with those systems. Engineering design, specifically instrumentation and control (I&C) design, can influence human performance by driving how plant personnel carry out work and respond to events within a nuclear power plant. As a result, human–system interfaces (HSIs) for plant operators as well as the maintenance and testing of the I&C system cannot be designed by isolated disciplines. The focus of this publication is to integrate knowledge from the disciplines of human factors engineering (HFE) and I&C to emphasize an interdisciplinary approach for the design of better HSIs and consequently improved human performance in nuclear power plants. This is accomplished by practical explanations of the HFE processes and corresponding outputs that inform the I&C development. More specifically, the publication addresses issues in the design process where collaboration between HFE, I&C and other important disciplines and stakeholders is paramount and identifies key tools and tasks for exchanging inputs and outputs between different design disciplines, particularly I&C and HFE. The practical information provided in this publication is intended to support Member States’ capabilities to improve their approach to I&C through the consideration of HFE.