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Human Factor And Reliability Analysis To Prevent Losses In Industrial Processes

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Human Factor and Reliability Analysis to Prevent Losses in Industrial Processes

Human Factor and Reliability Analysis to Prevent Losses in Industrial Processes Book
Author : Salvador Avila Filho,Ivone Conceicao de Souza Cerqueira,Carine Nogueira Santino
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-01
ISBN : 0128196513
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Factor and Reliability Analysis to Prevent Losses in Industrial Processes: An Operational Culture Perspective aims to initiate a multidisciplinary discussion on risk activities by reviewing human reliability in industrial processes to reduce material, energy, image and time losses. The book presents a methodology for the quantification and investigation of human reliability and verification of the influence of human factors in the generation of process losses, consisting of the following steps: contextualization, data collection and results, task perform and loss observation, social technical variable analyses, and data processing (datamining, PCA, fuzzy and results). The book investigates human reliability, concepts and models in situations of human error in practice, identifies where low reliability occurs, and then visualizes where and how to perform an intervention. Relates human reliability to the environment, leadership, decision models, possible mistakes and successes, mental map constructions, and organizational cultures Provides techniques for the diagnosis of human and operational reliability Gives examples of the application of methodologies in the stage of diagnosis and program construction Discusses competences for the analysis of process losses in industry Investigates real-life situations where human errors cause losses Includes practical examples and case studies

Human Factor and Reliability Analysis to Prevent Losses in Industrial Processes

Human Factor and Reliability Analysis to Prevent Losses in Industrial Processes Book
Author : Salvador Avila Filho,Ivone Conceicao de Souza Cerqueira,Carine Nogueira Santino,Fernando Luiz Pellegrini Pessôa,Jose Rafael Nascimento Lopes
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-01-06
ISBN : 9780128196502
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Factor and Reliability Analysis to Prevent Losses in Industrial Processes: An Operational Culture Perspective aims to initiate a multidisciplinary discussion on risk activities by reviewing human reliability in industrial processes to reduce material, energy, image and time losses. The book presents a methodology for the quantification and investigation of human reliability and verification of the influence of human factors in the generation of process losses, consisting of the following steps: contextualization, data collection and results, task perform and loss observation, social technical variable analyses, and data processing (datamining, PCA, fuzzy and results). The book investigates human reliability, concepts and models in situations of human error in practice, identifies where low reliability occurs, and then visualizes where and how to perform an intervention. Relates human reliability to the environment, leadership, decision models, possible mistakes and successes, mental map constructions, and organizational cultures Provides techniques for the diagnosis of human and operational reliability Gives examples of the application of methodologies in the stage of diagnosis and program construction Discusses competences for the analysis of process losses in industry Investigates real-life situations where human errors cause losses Includes practical examples and case studies

Lees Loss Prevention in the Process Industries

Lees  Loss Prevention in the Process Industries Book
Author : Frank Lees
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-01-25
ISBN : 0080489338
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the last three decades the process industries have grown very rapidly, with corresponding increases in the quantities of hazardous materials in process, storage or transport. Plants have become larger and are often situated in or close to densely populated areas. Increased hazard of loss of life or property is continually highlighted with incidents such as Flixborough, Bhopal, Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, the Phillips 66 incident, and Piper Alpha to name but a few. The field of Loss Prevention is, and continues to, be of supreme importance to countless companies, municipalities and governments around the world, because of the trend for processing plants to become larger and often be situated in or close to densely populated areas, thus increasing the hazard of loss of life or property. This book is a detailed guidebook to defending against these, and many other, hazards. It could without exaggeration be referred to as the "bible" for the process industries. This is THE standard reference work for chemical and process engineering safety professionals. For years, it has been the most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment, regulations and laws covering the field of process safety. An entire library of alternative books (and cross-referencing systems) would be needed to replace or improve upon it, but everything of importance to safety professionals, engineers and managers can be found in this all-encompassing reference instead. Frank Lees' world renowned work has been fully revised and expanded by a team of leading chemical and process engineers working under the guidance of one of the world’s chief experts in this field. Sam Mannan is professor of chemical engineering at Texas A&M University, and heads the Mary Kay O’Connor Process Safety Center at Texas A&M. He received his MS and Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the University of Oklahoma, and joined the chemical engineering department at Texas A&M University as a professor in 1997. He has over 20 years of experience as an engineer, working both in industry and academia. New detail is added to chapters on fire safety, engineering, explosion hazards, analysis and suppression, and new appendices feature more recent disasters. The many thousands of references have been updated along with standards and codes of practice issued by authorities in the US, UK/Europe and internationally. In addition to all this, more regulatory relevance and case studies have been included in this edition. Written in a clear and concise style, Loss Prevention in the Process Industries covers traditional areas of personal safety as well as the more technological aspects and thus provides balanced and in-depth coverage of the whole field of safety and loss prevention. * A must-have standard reference for chemical and process engineering safety professionals * The most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment and laws that pertain to process safety * Only single work to provide everything; principles, practice, codes, standards, data and references needed by those practicing in the field

Personnel Protection and Safety Equipment for the Oil and Gas Industries

Personnel Protection and Safety Equipment for the Oil and Gas Industries Book
Author : Alireza Bahadori
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2015-05-21
ISBN : 0128028157
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Oil and gas companies are repeatedly cited by regulatory organizations for poor training and maintenance on providing personal protective equipment to their refinery workers. Managers of refinery and petrochemical plants are responsible for instructing their workers with the types of equipment available, how to properly wear the equipment, how to properly care and maintain the equipment, and, most importantly, it’s their responsibility to enforce these regulations and safety requirements. While there are many reference materials on the subject, most are too broad to apply directly to the unique and highly volatile atmosphere of an oil and gas operation. Personnel Protection and Safety Equipment for the Oil and Gas Industries answers the call for safety managers onsite as well as workers to understand all the safety equipment available specifically for the energy sector. Condensed into one convenient reference location, this training guide is designed to inform on several types of personnel protective clothing, firefighting protective clothing, respiratory protective devises available as well as many other types of protective equipment, including fall protection and vehicle safety belts and harnesses. Industry-specific examples, multiple illustrations, and a glossary of terms make Personnel Protection and Safety Equipment for the Oil and Gas Industries a must-have on every oil and gas operation. Know recommended US and international protective safety equipment regulations Learn the types, classes, and materials of safety and protective equipment specific to the oil and gas industry Gain knowledge on how to select, test, maintain, and store protective equipment properly

Risk Management in the Oil and Gas Industry

Risk Management in the Oil and Gas Industry Book
Author : Gerardo Portela Da Ponte Jr
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2021-06-09
ISBN : 0128236272
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Risk Management in the Oil and Gas Industry: Offshore and Onshore Concepts and Case Studies delivers the concepts, strategies and good practices of offshore and onshore safety engineering that are applicable to petroleum engineering and immediately surrounding industries. Guided by the strategic risk management line, this reference organizes steps in order of importance and priority that should be given to the themes in the practical exercise of risk management activities, from the conceptual and design phase to operational and crisis management situations. Each chapter is packed with practical case studies, lessons learned, exercises, and review questions. The reference also touches on the newest techniques, including liquefied natural gas (cryogenics) operations and computer simulations that contemplate the influence of human behavior. Critical for both the new and experienced engineer, this book gives the best didactic tool to perform operations safely and effectively. Helps readers by presenting practical case studies and exercises that are included in every chapter Presents an understanding on how to approach and apply best practices specific to the oil and gas industry, both offshore and onshore Provides the knowledge needed to gain new techniques in computer simulation and human factors to apply to various sectors of the industry, including subsea and refineries

Bayesian Networks for Reliability Engineering

Bayesian Networks for Reliability Engineering Book
Author : Baoping Cai,Yonghong Liu,Zengkai Liu,Yuanjiang Chang,Lei Jiang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-26
ISBN : 9811365164
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a bibliographical review of the use of Bayesian networks in reliability over the last decade. Bayesian network (BN) is considered to be one of the most powerful models in probabilistic knowledge representation and inference, and it is increasingly used in the field of reliability. After focusing on the engineering systems, the book subsequently discusses twelve important issues in the BN-based reliability methodologies, such as BN structure modeling, BN parameter modeling, BN inference, validation, and verification. As such, it is a valuable resource for researchers and practitioners in the field of reliability engineering.

Occupational Risk Control

Occupational Risk Control Book
Author : Derek Viner
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-03-03
ISBN : 1317086236
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Occupational Risk Control, Derek Viner brings together the theoretical aspects of his subject into a coherent whole and then connects them with the needs both of practitioners and educators. The theory embraced by the author spans ideas formed between the industrial revolution and the present day, but he focuses on relatively more recent theoretical developments chiefly associated with people-orientated approaches in the discipline of psychology applied to management practice and in the application of analytical ideas to engineering design. The author looks specifically at developments in defence and petro-chemical systems and also considers the whole theory of risk that originated in the 1970s with the advent of nuclear power stations, but which he argues has advanced little since that time. He also introduces the geological and botanical sciences, on the grounds that they contribute much to our understanding of how to set about classifying phenomena. To this mix, is added the contribution of law to our understanding of moral obligations and that of statistics to our understanding of the management of uncertainty. Viner argues that amongst the observable consequences of the absence of a holistic approach, is the tendency for regulators to form (misinformed) theory on which to base legislation and the prevalence of commercial systems leading to disparate efforts by different industries. The net effect of all this, he suggests, is seen in the disasters of the magnitude of the Gulf of Mexico explosion and oil spill.

Major Hazards Onshore and Offshore II

Major Hazards Onshore and Offshore II Book
Author : Norbert Gibson
Publisher : IChemE
Release : 1995
ISBN : 9780852953662
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text presents papers from the second conference on major hazards onshore and offshore, held in Manchester in October 1995. Contents include papers on gas dispersion and explosion modelling, fire and explosions, management of safety and human factors, and risk analysis and hazard assessment.

Safety and Reliability Methodology and Applications

Safety and Reliability  Methodology and Applications Book
Author : Tomasz Nowakowski,Marek Mlynczak,Anna Jodejko-Pietruczuk,Sylwia Werbinska-Wojciechowska
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-09-01
ISBN : 1315736977
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Within the last fifty years the performance requirements for technical objects and systems were supplemented with: customer expectations (quality), abilities to prevent the loss of the object properties in operation time (reliability and maintainability), protection against the effects of undesirable events (safety and security) and the ability to

Advances in Human Factors in Energy Oil Gas Nuclear and Electric Power Industries

Advances in Human Factors in Energy  Oil  Gas  Nuclear and Electric Power Industries Book
Author : Sacit M. Cetiner,Paul Fechtelkotter,Michael Legatt
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-07-26
ISBN : 3319419501
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses human factors research in energy, an emphasis on human factors applications in design, construction, and operation of nuclear, electrical power generation, and oil and gas assets. It discusses advanced strategies in the optimization of human and environmental performance, as well as personal and process safety. The book covers a wealth of topics in design and operation management of both offshore and onshore facilities, including design of control rooms, front-end engineering design (FEED), criticality analysis, offshore transport, human contributions to accidents, cognitive bias in decision making, safety-critical human tasks, and many others. Based on the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Human Factors in Energy, held on July 27-31, 2016, in Walt Disney World®, Florida, USA, the book fills an important gap in the current literature, providing readers with state-of-the-art knowledge in human factors best-practice approaches across different types of industries and energy applications.

Safety and Reliability Theory and Applications

Safety and Reliability  Theory and Applications Book
Author : Marko Cepin,Radim Bris
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-06-14
ISBN : 1351809725
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Safety and Reliability – Theory and Applications contains the contributions presented at the 27th European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2017, Portorož, Slovenia, June 18-22, 2017). The book covers a wide range of topics, including: • Accident and Incident modelling • Economic Analysis in Risk Management • Foundational Issues in Risk Assessment and Management • Human Factors and Human Reliability • Maintenance Modeling and Applications • Mathematical Methods in Reliability and Safety • Prognostics and System Health Management • Resilience Engineering • Risk Assessment • Risk Management • Simulation for Safety and Reliability Analysis • Structural Reliability • System Reliability, and • Uncertainty Analysis. Selected special sessions include contributions on: the Marie Skłodowska-Curie innovative training network in structural safety; risk approaches in insurance and fi nance sectors; dynamic reliability and probabilistic safety assessment; Bayesian and statistical methods, reliability data and testing; oganizational factors and safety culture; software reliability and safety; probabilistic methods applied to power systems; socio-technical-economic systems; advanced safety assessment methodologies: extended Probabilistic Safety Assessment; reliability; availability; maintainability and safety in railways: theory & practice; big data risk analysis and management, and model-based reliability and safety engineering. Safety and Reliability – Theory and Applications will be of interest to professionals and academics working in a wide range of industrial and governmental sectors including: Aeronautics and Aerospace, Automotive Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Energy Production and Distribution, Environmental Engineering, Information Technology and Telecommunications, Critical Infrastructures, Insurance and Finance, Manufacturing, Marine Industry, Mechanical Engineering, Natural Hazards, Nuclear Engineering, Offshore Oil and Gas, Security and Protection, Transportation, and Policy Making.

Guidelines for Preventing Human Error in Process Safety

Guidelines for Preventing Human Error in Process Safety Book
Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-08-13
ISBN : 0470925086
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Almost all the major accident investigations--Texas City, Piper Alpha, the Phillips 66 explosion, Feyzin, Mexico City--show human error as the principal cause, either in design, operations, maintenance, or the management of safety. This book provides practical advice that can substantially reduce human error at all levels. In eight chapters--packed with case studies and examples of simple and advanced techniques for new and existing systems--the book challenges the assumption that human error is "unavoidable." Instead, it suggests a systems perspective. This view sees error as a consequence of a mismatch between human capabilities and demands and inappropriate organizational culture. This makes error a manageable factor and, therefore, avoidable.

Designing for Human Reliability

Designing for Human Reliability Book
Author : Ronald W. McLeod
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2015-03-21
ISBN : 0081005261
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Industry underestimates the extent to which behaviour at work is influenced by the design of the working environment. Designing for Human Reliability argues that greater awareness of the contribution of design to human error can significantly enhance HSE performance and improve return on investment. Illustrated with many examples, Designing for Human Reliability explores why work systems are designed and implemented such that "design-induced human error" becomes more-or-less inevitable. McLeod demonstrates how well understood psychological processes can lead people to make decisions and to take actions that otherwise seem impossible to understand. Designing for Human Reliability sets out thirteen key elements to deliver the levels of human reliability expected to achieve the return on investment sought when decisions are made to invest in projects. And it demonstrates how investigation of the human contribution to incidents can be improved by focusing on what companies expected and intended when they chose to rely on human performance as a barrier, or control, against incidents. Recognise some ‘hard truths’ of human performance and learn about the importance of applying the principles of Human Factors Engineering on capital projects Learn from analysis of real-world incidents how differences between ‘fast’ and ‘slow’ styles of thinking can lead to human error in industrial processes Learn how controls and barrier against major incidents that rely on human performance can be strengthened throughout the design and development of assets and equipment

Safety and Security Issues in Technical Infrastructures

Safety and Security Issues in Technical Infrastructures Book
Author : Rehak, David,Bernatik, Ales,Dvorak, Zdenek,Hromada, Martin
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2020-04-17
ISBN : 1799830608
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the modern age of urbanization, the mass population is becoming progressively reliant on technical infrastructures. These industrial buildings provide integral services to the general public including the delivery of energy, information and communication technologies, and maintenance of transport networks. The safety and security of these structures is crucial as new threats are continually emerging. Safety and Security Issues in Technical Infrastructures is a pivotal reference source that provides vital research on the modernization of occupational security and safety practices within information technology-driven buildings. While highlighting topics such as explosion process safety, nanotechnology, and infrastructural risk analysis, this publication explores current risks and uncertainties and the raising of comprehensive awareness for experts in this field. This book is ideally designed for security managers, safety personnel, civil engineers, architects, researchers, construction professionals, strategists, educators, material scientists, property owners, and students.

Risk Reliability and Safety Innovating Theory and Practice

Risk  Reliability and Safety  Innovating Theory and Practice Book
Author : Lesley Walls,Matthew Revie,Tim Bedford
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-11-25
ISBN : 149878898X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Risk, Reliability and Safety contains papers describing innovations in theory and practice contributed to the scientific programme of the European Safety and Reliability conference (ESREL 2016), held at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, Scotland (25—29 September 2016). Authors include scientists, academics, practitioners, regulators and other key individuals with expertise and experience relevant to specific areas. Papers include domain specific applications as well as general modelling methods. Papers cover evaluation of contemporary solutions, exploration of future challenges, and exposition of concepts, methods and processes. Topics include human factors, occupational health and safety, dynamic and systems reliability modelling, maintenance optimisation, uncertainty analysis, resilience assessment, risk and crisis management.

Safety and Reliability in the Oil and Gas Industry

Safety and Reliability in the Oil and Gas Industry Book
Author : B.S. Dhillon
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-27
ISBN : 1498746578
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An Insightful Guide to Avoiding Offshore Oil- and Gas-Industry Disaster Designing, constructing, operating, and maintaining offshore oil and gas industry equipment and systems can sometimes result in accidents, injuries, and other serious problems. Safety and Reliability in the Oil and Gas Industry: A Practical Approach focuses on oil and gas industry equipment reliability, offers useful and up-to-date information on the subject, and covers in a single volume the most common safety and reliability engineering issues in the oil and gas industry. The book introduces the latest developments in the area, and provides relevant methods and approaches. It also presents important aspects of various case studies on major accidents in the oil and gas industry, and considers human factors that contribute to accidents and fatalities in the area of oil and gas. Additionally, this book describes: Mathematical concepts Oil and gas industry equipment reliability characteristics Accident data and analysis Mathematical models used for performing safety and reliability-related analyses in the industry Safety and Reliability in the Oil and Gas Industry: A Practical Approach covers important aspects of safety in the offshore oil and gas industry. A reference designed with engineering professionals in mind, this book can also be used in oil- and gas-industry-related courses, and serves as a guide for anyone concerned with safety and reliability in the area of oil and gas.

Human Factors and Ergonomics for the Gulf Cooperation Council

Human Factors and Ergonomics for the Gulf Cooperation Council Book
Author : Shatha N. Samman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-07-27
ISBN : 0429892306
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Factors and Ergonomics (HFE) is introduced to students, academics, researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and others in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). A holistic approach is taken to emphasize the breadth and depth of HFE by providing both theory and applications in the field. Providing HFE perspectives from expert academics from multidisciplinary and culturally diverse backgrounds, it contains case studies written by industry professionals highlighting their work from Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Features The first HFE book for the GCC region with case studies showcasing the economics of ergonomics Presents easy to read chapters covering principles, methodologies, applications, future trends, and key terms Encompasses both the theory and application of HFE fields discussing processes, technologies, and practices Written for readers with no prior background of HFE

Safety Science Methods to Prevent Incidents and Worker Health Damage at the Workplace

Safety Science  Methods to Prevent Incidents and Worker Health Damage at the Workplace Book
Author : Eduardo Calixto
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2015-09-02
ISBN : 1608059529
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Risk management is a process through which an organization methodically analyses risks inherent in all of its operational activities with the aim of minimizing damage to physical assets or occupational health hazards. Risk Management, therefore, should be a central element in the management strategy of any organization as it plays a crucial role in giving the organization a sustainable operational advantage. Safety Science: Methods to Prevent Incidents and Worker Health Damage at the Workplace is a handbook for management students and working professionals (safety professionals, human resource managers, insurance officers etc.) interested in the science of risk management and methods to implements safety standards at the workplace. The book introduces readers to the concept of occupational risk and occupational health management. It explains the concepts relevant to these topics such as safety economy valuation and asset integrity management. Assessment tools related to qualitative and quantitative risk management, incident and vulnerability analysis are also provided. Additionally, readers will find information on the human factors and methods to improve human engagement in risk management as well as information about current safety standards and systems in organizations around the world.

Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries

Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries Book
Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2007-02-03
ISBN : 9780470118832
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries provides guidance for managers and plant engineering staff on specific, practical techniques and tools for addressing forty different human factors issues impacting process safety. Human factors incidents can result in injury and death, damage to the environment, fines, and business losses due to ruined batches, off-spec products, unplanned shutdowns, and other adverse effects. Prevention of these incidents increases productivity and profits. Complete with examples, case histories, techniques, and implementation methodologies, Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries helps managers and engineering staff design and execute an efficient program. Organized for topical reference, the book includes: An overview on implementing a human factors program at the corporate level or the plant level, covering the business value, developing a program to meet specific needs, improving existing systems, roles and responsibilities, measures of performance, and more Summaries of forty different human factors relating to process safety, with a description of the tools, a practical example with graphics and visual aids, and additional resources Information on addressing the OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) requirement for conducting human factors reviews in process hazard analyses (PHAs) A CD-ROM with a color version of the book Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.

Fundamentals of Process Safety Engineering

Fundamentals of Process Safety Engineering Book
Author : Samarendra Kumar Biswas,Umesh Mathur,Swapan Kumar Hazra
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-08-16
ISBN : 100042457X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook covers the essential aspects of process safety engineering in a practical and comprehensive manner. It provides readers with an understanding of process safety hazards in the refining and petrochemical industries and how to manage them in a reliable and professional manner. It covers the most important concepts: static electricity, intensity of thermal radiation, thermodynamics of fluid phase equilibria, boiling liquid expanding vapor explosion (BLEVE), emission source models, hazard identification methods, risk control and methods for achieving manufacturing excellence while also focusing on safety. Extensive case studies are included. Aimed at senior undergraduate and graduate chemical engineering students and practicing engineers, this book covers process safety principles and engineering practice authoritatively, with comprehensive examples: • Fundamentals, methods, and procedures for the industrial practice of process safety engineering. • The thermodynamic fundamentals and computational methods for release rates from ruptures in pipelines, vessels, and relief valves. • Fundamentals of static electricity hazards and their mitigation. • Quantitative assessment of fires and explosions. • Principles of dispersion calculations for toxic or flammable gases and vapors. • Methods of qualitative and quantitative risk assessment and control.