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Human Factor And Reliability Analysis To Prevent Losses In Industrial Processes

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Human Factor and Reliability Analysis to Prevent Losses in Industrial Processes

Human Factor and Reliability Analysis to Prevent Losses in Industrial Processes Book
Author : Salvador Avila Filho,Ivone Conceicao de Souza Cerqueira,Carine Nogueira Santino
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-03-23
ISBN : 0128196513
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human reliability is an issue that is increasingly discussed in the process and manufacturing industries to check factors that influence operator performance and trigger errors. Human Factor and Reliability Analysis to Prevent Losses in Industrial Processes: An Operational Culture Perspective provides a multidisciplinary analysis of work concepts and environments to reduce human error and prevent material, energy, image, and time losses. The book presents a methodology for the quantification and investigation of human reliability, and verification of the influence of human factors in the generation of process losses, consisting of the following steps: contextualization, data collection, and results; performing task and loss observation; socio-technical variable analyses; and data processing. Investigating human reliability, concepts, and models in situations of human error in practice, the book identifies where low reliability occurs and then visualizes where and how to perform an intervention. This guide is an excellent resource for professionals in chemical, petrochemical, oil, and nuclear industries for managing and analyzing safety and loss risks and for students in chemical and process engineering. Relates human reliability to the environment, leadership, decision models, possible mistakes and successes, mental map constructions, and organizational cultures Provides techniques for the diagnosis of human and operational reliability Gives examples of the application of methodologies in the stage of diagnosis and program construction Discusses competences for the analysis of process losses in industry Investigates real-life situations where human errors cause losses Includes practical examples and case studies

Lees Loss Prevention in the Process Industries

Lees  Loss Prevention in the Process Industries Book
Author : Frank Lees
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-01-25
ISBN : 0080489338
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the last three decades the process industries have grown very rapidly, with corresponding increases in the quantities of hazardous materials in process, storage or transport. Plants have become larger and are often situated in or close to densely populated areas. Increased hazard of loss of life or property is continually highlighted with incidents such as Flixborough, Bhopal, Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, the Phillips 66 incident, and Piper Alpha to name but a few. The field of Loss Prevention is, and continues to, be of supreme importance to countless companies, municipalities and governments around the world, because of the trend for processing plants to become larger and often be situated in or close to densely populated areas, thus increasing the hazard of loss of life or property. This book is a detailed guidebook to defending against these, and many other, hazards. It could without exaggeration be referred to as the "bible" for the process industries. This is THE standard reference work for chemical and process engineering safety professionals. For years, it has been the most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment, regulations and laws covering the field of process safety. An entire library of alternative books (and cross-referencing systems) would be needed to replace or improve upon it, but everything of importance to safety professionals, engineers and managers can be found in this all-encompassing reference instead. Frank Lees' world renowned work has been fully revised and expanded by a team of leading chemical and process engineers working under the guidance of one of the world’s chief experts in this field. Sam Mannan is professor of chemical engineering at Texas A&M University, and heads the Mary Kay O’Connor Process Safety Center at Texas A&M. He received his MS and Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the University of Oklahoma, and joined the chemical engineering department at Texas A&M University as a professor in 1997. He has over 20 years of experience as an engineer, working both in industry and academia. New detail is added to chapters on fire safety, engineering, explosion hazards, analysis and suppression, and new appendices feature more recent disasters. The many thousands of references have been updated along with standards and codes of practice issued by authorities in the US, UK/Europe and internationally. In addition to all this, more regulatory relevance and case studies have been included in this edition. Written in a clear and concise style, Loss Prevention in the Process Industries covers traditional areas of personal safety as well as the more technological aspects and thus provides balanced and in-depth coverage of the whole field of safety and loss prevention. * A must-have standard reference for chemical and process engineering safety professionals * The most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment and laws that pertain to process safety * Only single work to provide everything; principles, practice, codes, standards, data and references needed by those practicing in the field

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries Book
Author : Genserik Reniers,Valerio Cozzani
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-07-08
ISBN : 0444543244
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Domino Effects in the Process Industries discusses state-of-the-art theories, conceptual models, insights and practical issues surrounding large-scale knock-on accidents—so-called domino effects—in the chemical and process industries. The book treats such extremely low-frequency phenomena from a technological perspective, studying possible causes and introducing several approaches to assess and control the risks of these scenarios. The authors also examine these events from a managerial viewpoint, discussing single and multi-plant management insights and requirements to take pro-active measures to prevent such events. Academics, regulators, and industrialists who study and analyze domino effects in order to prevent such events will find the book unique and highly valuable. Outlines available methods in analyzing these events, aiding understanding of the accidents and their causes Covers current modelling, control and management tactics of domino effects, -facilitating prevention Identifies areas where new research is needed

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries Book
Author : Alessandro Tugnoli,Valerio Cozzani,Faisal Khan,Paul Amyotte
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-08
ISBN : 0128082461
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fragments projected by equipment failures are a relevant cause of escalation leading to domino accidents. The patterns underlying this escalation mechanism were revised in detail. The fundamental phenomena available to cope with the three main steps of the phenomena (fragment formation, fragment ejection and flight, and damage from fragment impact on a target) were analyzed in detail. Models available for the calculation of escalation probability due to fragments are reported and their potentialities and limitations are discussed.

From Safety to Safety Science

From Safety to Safety Science Book
Author : Paul Swuste,Jop Groeneweg,Frank W. Guldenmund,Coen van Gulijk,Saul Lemkowitz,Yvette Oostendorp,Walter Zwaard
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-11-30
ISBN : 1000486818
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How do accidents and disasters occur? How has knowledge of accident processes evolved? A significant improvement in safety has occurred during the past century, with the number of accidents falling spectacularly within industry, aviation and road traffic. This progress has been gradual in the context of a changing society. The improvements are partly due to a better understanding of the accident processes that ultimately lead to damage. This book shows how contemporary crises instigated the development of safety knowledge and how the safety sciences pieced their theories together by research, by experience and by taking ideas from other domains. From Safety to Safety Science details 150 years of knowledge development in the safety sciences. The authors have rigorously extracted the essence of safety knowledge development from more than 2,500 articles to provide a unique overview and insight into the background and usability of safety theories, as well as modelling how they developed and how they are used today. Extensive appendices and references provide an additional dimension to support further scholarly work in this field. The book is divided into clear time periods to make it an accessible piece of science history that will be invaluable to both new and experienced safety researchers, to safety courses and education, and to learned practitioners.

Evaluating Process Safety in the Chemical Industry

Evaluating Process Safety in the Chemical Industry Book
Author : J. S. Arendt,D K. Lorenzo
Publisher : Wiley-AIChE
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Summarizes some of the wisdom accumulated by chemical process industry risk analysis practitioners and safety professionals, providing information on the applicability of quantitative risk analysis (QRA) to the chemical processing industry. Discusses essentials of QRA, outlines considerations for deciding when to apply QRA, and describes practical situations in which QRA may be used successfully. Overviews the process of setting up an individual QRA, discusses the importance of defining the right problem for analysis, and overviews various classes of QRA techniques. The authors are affiliated with EQE International, Inc. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries

Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries Book
Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2007-02-03
ISBN : 9780470118832
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries provides guidance for managers and plant engineering staff on specific, practical techniques and tools for addressing forty different human factors issues impacting process safety. Human factors incidents can result in injury and death, damage to the environment, fines, and business losses due to ruined batches, off-spec products, unplanned shutdowns, and other adverse effects. Prevention of these incidents increases productivity and profits. Complete with examples, case histories, techniques, and implementation methodologies, Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries helps managers and engineering staff design and execute an efficient program. Organized for topical reference, the book includes: An overview on implementing a human factors program at the corporate level or the plant level, covering the business value, developing a program to meet specific needs, improving existing systems, roles and responsibilities, measures of performance, and more Summaries of forty different human factors relating to process safety, with a description of the tools, a practical example with graphics and visual aids, and additional resources Information on addressing the OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) requirement for conducting human factors reviews in process hazard analyses (PHAs) A CD-ROM with a color version of the book Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.

Loss Prevention in the Process Industries

Loss Prevention in the Process Industries Book
Author : Frank P. Lees
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1980
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Loss Prevention in the Process Industries book written by Frank P. Lees, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Risk Analysis and Control for Industrial Processes Gas Oil and Chemicals

Risk Analysis and Control for Industrial Processes   Gas  Oil and Chemicals Book
Author : Hans J Pasman
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2015-06-14
ISBN : 0128009128
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Risk Analysis and Control for Industrial Processes - Gas, Oil and Chemicals provides an analysis of current approaches for preventing disasters, and gives readers an overview on which methods to adopt. The book covers safety regulations, history and trends, industrial disasters, safety problems, safety tools, and capital and operational costs versus the benefits of safety, all supporting project decision processes. Tools covered include present day array of risk assessment, tools including HAZOP, LOPA and ORA, but also new approaches such as System-Theoretic Process Analysis (STPA), Blended HAZID, applications of Bayesian data analytics, Bayesian networks, and others. The text is supported by valuable examples to help the reader achieve a greater understanding on how to perform safety analysis, identify potential issues, and predict the likelihood they may appear. Presents new methods on how to identify hazards of low probability/high consequence events Contains information on how to develop and install safeguards against such events, with guidance on how to quantify risk and its uncertainty, and how to make economic and societal decisions about risk Demonstrates key concepts through the use of examples and relevant case studies

Guidelines for Process Safety Documentation

Guidelines for Process Safety Documentation Book
Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety),American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Center for Chemical Process Safety
Publisher : Wiley-AIChE
Release : 1995-04-15
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The process industry has developed integrated process safety management programs to reduce or eliminate incidents and major consequences, such as injury, loss of life, property damage, environmental harm, and business interruption. Good documentation practices are a crucial part of retaining past knowledge and experience, and avoiding relearning old lessons. Following an introduction, which offers examples of how proper documentation might have prevented major explosions and serious incidents, the 21 sections in this book clearly present aims, goals, and methodology in all areas of documentation. The text contains examples of dozens of needed forms, lists of relevant industry organizations, sources for software, references, OSHA regulations, sample plans, and more.

International Process Safety Management Conference and Workshop

International Process Safety Management Conference and Workshop Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Amer Inst of Chemical Engineers
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The proceedings of the conference and workshop held in San Francisco, September 1993, comprise 25 papers, two workshops, and 12 posters. Among the paper topics: planning guidelines for acute risk management the Canadian chemical industry experience; a review of the role of cost-benefit analysis as a

Safety and Health at Work ILO CIS Bulletin

Safety and Health at Work  ILO CIS Bulletin Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Safety and Health at Work ILO CIS Bulletin book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Safety and Health at Work

Safety and Health at Work Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Safety and Health at Work book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Proceedings Offshore Technology Conference

Proceedings   Offshore Technology Conference Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proceedings Offshore Technology Conference book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Major Hazards Onshore and Offshore

Major Hazards Onshore and Offshore Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 1992
ISBN : 9780852952832
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The report into the Piper Alpha disaster recommended that experience gained in the control of hazards onshore should be applied to improve safety standards offshore. These papers review what has been learnt so far with regard to major hazards and consider the application onshore and offshore.

Safety and Loss Prevention in the Chemical and Oil Processing Industries

Safety and Loss Prevention in the Chemical and Oil Processing Industries Book
Author : C. B. Ching
Publisher : Hemisphere Pub
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The papers in this volume, based on a conference held in Singapore in 1989, emphasize the need for management and workers, together with government ministries, to ensure a high level of safe practice at work, minimalizing the possibilities of deaths and harmful effects on the environment.

Cost effective Risk Assessment for Process Design

Cost effective Risk Assessment for Process Design Book
Author : Robert D. Deshotels
Publisher : McGraw-Hill Companies
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

You can turn to this expert sourcebook for complete information on cost-effective risk-assessment methods used in the design of facilities involving fuel, chemical, nuclear, and environmental hazards. Cost-Effective Risk Assessment for Process Design provides detailed guidelines for choosing the most appropriate methods for your specific needs, as well as criteria for determining if your risk-assessment effort is on the right track.

Perry s Chemical Engineers Handbook 9th Edition

Perry s Chemical Engineers  Handbook  9th Edition Book
Author : Don W. Green,Marylee Z. Southard
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release : 2018-07-13
ISBN : 0071834095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Up-to-Date Coverage of All Chemical Engineering Topics―from the Fundamentals to the State of the Art Now in its 85th Anniversary Edition, this industry-standard resource has equipped generations of engineers and chemists with vital information, data, and insights. Thoroughly revised to reflect the latest technological advances and processes, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Ninth Edition, provides unsurpassed coverage of every aspect of chemical engineering. You will get comprehensive details on chemical processes, reactor modeling, biological processes, biochemical and membrane separation, process and chemical plant safety, and much more. This fully updated edition covers: Unit Conversion Factors and Symbols • Physical and Chemical Data including Prediction and Correlation of Physical Properties • Mathematics including Differential and Integral Calculus, Statistics , Optimization • Thermodynamics • Heat and Mass Transfer • Fluid and Particle Dynamics *Reaction Kinetics • Process Control and Instrumentation• Process Economics • Transport and Storage of Fluids • Heat Transfer Operations and Equipment • Psychrometry, Evaporative Cooling, and Solids Drying • Distillation • Gas Absorption and Gas-Liquid System Design • Liquid-Liquid Extraction Operations and Equipment • Adsorption and Ion Exchange • Gas-Solid Operations and Equipment • Liquid-Solid Operations and Equipment • Solid-Solid Operations and Equipment •Chemical Reactors • Bio-based Reactions and Processing • Waste Management including Air ,Wastewater and Solid Waste Management* Process Safety including Inherently Safer Design • Energy Resources, Conversion and Utilization* Materials of Construction