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How The Great Scientists Reasoned

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How the Great Scientists Reasoned

How the Great Scientists Reasoned Book
Author : Gary G. Tibbetts
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012-12-17
ISBN : 0123985048
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The scientific method is one of the most basic and essential concepts across the sciences, ensuring that investigations are carried out with precision and thoroughness. The scientific method is typically taught as a step-by-step approach, but real examples from history are not always given. This book teaches the basic modes of scientific thought, not by philosophical generalizations, but by illustrating in detail how great scientists from across the sciences solved problems using scientific reason. Examples include Christopher Columbus, Joseph Priestly, Antoine Lavoisier, Michael Faraday, Wilhelm Röntgen, Max Planck, Albert Einstein, and Niels Bohr. Written by a successful research physicist who has engaged in many studies and years of research, all in the attempt to extract the secrets of nature, this book captures the excitement and joy of research. The process of scientific discovery is as delightfully absorbing, as complex, and as profoundly human as falling in love. It can be a roller coaster ride of despairing valleys and exhilarating highs. This book sketches the powerful reasoning that led to many different discoveries, but also celebrates the "ah-ha moments" experienced by each scientist, letting readers share the thrilling instant when each scientist reached the critical revelation in his research. Places the scientific method in context using historical examples Suitable for both scientists and non-scientists looking to better understand scientific reasoning Written in an engaging style with clear illustrations and referencing

How the Great Scientists Reasoned

How the Great Scientists Reasoned Book
Author : Gary G. Tibbetts
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013
ISBN : 012398498X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The scientific method is one of the most basic and essential concepts across the sciences, ensuring that investigations are carried out with precision and thoroughness. This book teaches the basic modes of scientific thought, not by philosophical generalizations, but by illustrating in detail how great scientists from across the sciences solved problems using scientific reason.

Science and Political Controversy A Reference Handbook

Science and Political Controversy  A Reference Handbook Book
Author : David E. Newton
Publisher : ABC-CLIO
Release : 2014-04-21
ISBN : 1610693205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A shrewd and compelling examination of how political figures throughout history have used scientific findings to achieve their objectives—just as scientists have often put political forces to work to achieve their own goals. • Supplies a detailed review of the past decade during which politicians have misused and misrepresented scientific knowledge • Describes events going back to ancient Greece during which use or misuse of scientific or political power occurred, underscoring how these behaviors are well-established "means to an end" • Includes biographical sketches of individuals who have been involved in such activities

Science Education

Science Education Book
Author : John K. Gilbert
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9780415342292
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Udvalgte artikler fra 1985-2005, fordelt på 8 temaer: The relationship between science and science education ; Aims of the formal science curriculum and the needs of the students ; Science education in the formal curriculum ; Assessment in formal science education ; Teaching in science education ; Learning in science education ; The conceptual development of students in science education ; The professional development of science teachers

Good Science Bad Science Pseudoscience and Just Plain Bunk

Good Science  Bad Science  Pseudoscience  and Just Plain Bunk Book
Author : Peter A. Daempfle
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Release : 2012-12-16
ISBN : 1442217286
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We are constantly bombarded with breaking scientific news in the media, but we are almost never provided with enough information to assess the truth of these claims. Does drinking coffee really cause cancer? Does bisphenol-A in our tin can linings really cause reproductive damage? Good Science, Bad Science, Pseudoscience, and Just Plain Bunk teaches readers how to think like a scientist to question claims like these more critically. Author Peter A. Daempfle introduces readers to the basics of scientific inquiry, defining what science is and how it can be misused. Through provocative real-world examples, the book helps readers acquire the tools needed to distinguish scientific truth from myth. The book celebrates science and its role in society while building scientific literacy.

Engineering Speaking by Design

Engineering Speaking by Design Book
Author : Edward J. Rothwell,Michael J. Cloud
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-19
ISBN : 135183021X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From the Authors of Engineering Writing by Design: Creating Formal Documents of Lasting Value Engineering presentations are often a topic of frustration. Engineers complain that they don't enjoy public speaking, and that they don't know how to address audiences with varying levels of technical knowledge. Their colleagues complain about the state of information transfer in the profession. Non-engineers complain that engineers are boring and talk over everybody’s heads. Although many public speaking books exist, most concentrate on surface issues, failing to distinguish the formal oral technical presentation from general public speaking. Engineering Speaking by Design: Delivering Technical Presentations with Real Impact targets the formal oral technical presentation skills needed to succeed in modern engineering. Providing clear and concise instruction supported by illustrative examples, the book explains how to avoid logical fallacies (both formal and informal), use physical reasoning to catch mistakes in claims, master the essentials of presentation style, conquer the elements of mathematical exposition, and forge a connection with the audience. Each chapter ends with a convenient checklist, bulleted summary, and set of exercises. A solutions manual is available with qualifying course adoption. Yet the book’s most unique feature is its conceptual organization around the engineering design process. This is the process taught in most engineering survey courses: understand the problem, collect relevant information, generate alternative solutions, choose a preferred solution, refine the chosen solution, and so on. Since virtually all engineers learn and practice this process, it is so familiar that it can be applied seamlessly to formal oral technical presentations. Thus, Engineering Speaking by Design: Delivering Technical Presentations with Real Impact is inherently valuable in that it shows engineers how to leverage what they already know. The book’s mantra is: if you can think like an engineer, you can speak like an engineer.

Scientific and Technological Thinking

Scientific and Technological Thinking Book
Author : Michael E. Gorman,Ryan D. Tweney,David C. Gooding,Alexandra P. Kincannon
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2004-09-22
ISBN : 1135625115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

At the turn of the 21st century, the most valuable commodity in society is knowledge--particularly new knowledge that may give a culture, company, or laboratory an adaptive advantage. Knowledge about the cognitive processes that lead to discovery and invention can enhance the probability of making valuable new discoveries and inventions. Such knowledge needs to be made widely available to ensure that no particular interest group "corners the market" on techno-scientific creativity. Knowledge can also facilitate the development of business strategies and social policies based on a genuine understanding of the creative process. Furthermore, through an understanding of principles underlying the cognitive processes related to discovery, educators can utilize these principles to teach students effective problem-solving strategies as part of their education as future scientists. This book takes the reader out onto the cutting edge of research in scientific and technological thinking. The editors advocate a multiple-method approach; chapters include detailed case studies of contemporary and historical practices, experiments, computational simulations, and innovative theoretical analyses. The editors attempt a provocative synthesis of this work at the end. In order to achieve true scientific and technological progress, an understanding of the process by which species are transforming the world is needed. This book makes an important step in that direction by leading to breakthroughs in the understanding of discovery and invention.

How Science Works

How Science Works Book
Author : Rob Toplis
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2010-12-02
ISBN : 1136876413
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How Science Works provides student and practising teachers with a comprehensive introduction to one of the most dramatic changes to the secondary science curriculum. Underpinned by the latest research in the field, it explores the emergence and meaning of How Science Works and reviews major developments in pedagogy and practice. With chapters structured around three key themes - why How Science Works, what it is and how to teach it – expert contributors explore issues including the need for curriculum change, arguments for scientific literacy for all, school students’ views about science, what we understand about scientific methods, types of scientific enquiry, and, importantly, effective pedagogies and their implications for practice. Aiming to promote discussion and reflection on the ways forward for this new and emerging area of the school science curriculum, it considers: teaching controversial issues in science argumentation and questioning for effective teaching enhancing investigative science and developing reasoned scientific judgments the role of ICT in exploring How Science Works teaching science outside the classroom. How Science Works is a source of guidance for all student, new and experienced teachers of secondary science, interested in investigating how the curriculum can provide creativity and engagement for all school students.

Psychology of Reasoning

Psychology of Reasoning Book
Author : K. I. Manktelow,Man Cheung Chung
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9781841693101
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A set of specially commissioned chapters from leading international researchers in the psychology of reasoning. Its purpose is to explore the historical, philosophical and theoretical implications of the development of this field.

Perspectives On Thinking And Reasoning

Perspectives On Thinking And Reasoning Book
Author : Stephen Newstead,Jonathan St.B.T. Evans
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2013-06-20
ISBN : 1134834268
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This collection of essays focuses on three reasoning problems devised by Peter Wason - the selection task, the 2-4-6 task, and the THOG problem - which have had a considerable influence since their invention.; The reasons why people make so many errors in these seemingly simple tasks are still not fully understood. A variety of different theoretical perspectives have been used in trying to explain performance. These include the mental models approach, the pragmatic reasoning approach, and the mental logic approach. This book contains chapters which discuss all these theories. Other chapters review the literature or offer alternative theoretical perspectives. A final chapter by Peter Wason describes how he came to create the tasks discussed.

A Manual of the Art of Fiction

A Manual of the Art of Fiction Book
Author : Clayton Hamilton
Publisher : Wildside Press LLC
Release : 2009-10-01
ISBN : 1557427909
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a complete course in writing fiction. Drawing examples from the works of such masters as Poe, Hawthorne, and Robert Louis Stevenson, it offers a guided course through such vital topics as Realism, Plot, Characters, Setting, Point of View, The Epic, Structure of the Short Story, and much more.

Materials and Methods of Fiction

Materials and Methods of Fiction Book
Author : Clayton Meeker Hamilton
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1908
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Materials and Methods of Fiction book written by Clayton Meeker Hamilton, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Science as a Process

Science as a Process Book
Author : David L. Hull
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 1990-05-15
ISBN : 0226360512
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Legend is overdue for replacement, and an adequate replacement must attend to the process of science as carefully as Hull has done. I share his vision of a serious account of the social and intellectual dynamics of science that will avoid both the rosy blur of Legend and the facile charms of relativism. . . . Because of [Hull's] deep concern with the ways in which research is actually done, Science as a Process begins an important project in the study of science. It is one of a distinguished series of books, which Hull himself edits."—Philip Kitcher, Nature "In Science as a Process, [David Hull] argues that the tension between cooperation and competition is exactly what makes science so successful. . . . Hull takes an unusual approach to his subject. He applies the rules of evolution in nature to the evolution of science, arguing that the same kinds of forces responsible for shaping the rise and demise of species also act on the development of scientific ideas."—Natalie Angier, New York Times Book Review "By far the most professional and thorough case in favour of an evolutionary philosophy of science ever to have been made. It contains excellent short histories of evolutionary biology and of systematics (the science of classifying living things); an important and original account of modern systematic controversy; a counter-attack against the philosophical critics of evolutionary philosophy; social-psychological evidence, collected by Hull himself, to show that science does have the character demanded by his philosophy; and a philosophical analysis of evolution which is general enough to apply to both biological and historical change."—Mark Ridley, Times Literary Supplement "Hull is primarily interested in how social interactions within the scientific community can help or hinder the process by which new theories and techniques get accepted. . . . The claim that science is a process for selecting out the best new ideas is not a new one, but Hull tells us exactly how scientists go about it, and he is prepared to accept that at least to some extent, the social activities of the scientists promoting a new idea can affect its chances of being accepted."—Peter J. Bowler, Archives of Natural History "I have been doing philosophy of science now for twenty-five years, and whilst I would never have claimed that I knew everything, I felt that I had a really good handle on the nature of science, Again and again, Hull was able to show me just how incomplete my understanding was. . . . Moreover, [Science as a Process] is one of the most compulsively readable books that I have ever encountered."—Michael Ruse, Biology and Philosophy

Teaching Scientific Inquiry

Teaching Scientific Inquiry Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : BRILL
Release : 2008-01-01
ISBN : 9460911455
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What are scientific inquiry practices like today? How should schools approach inquiry in science education? Teaching Science Inquiry presents the scholarly papers and practical conversations that emerged from the exchanges at a two-day conference of distinctive North American ‘science studies’ and ‘learning science’scholars.

Reasoning and Thinking

Reasoning and Thinking Book
Author : K. I. Manktelow
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0863777090
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This undergraduate textbook reviews psychological research in the major areas of reasoning and thinking: deduction, induction, hypothesis testing, probability judgement, and decision making. It also covers the major theoretical debates in each area, and devotes a chapter to one of the liveliest issues in the field: the question of human rationality. Central themes that recur throughout the book include not only rationality, but also the relation between normative theories such as logic, probability theory, and decision theory, and human performance, both in experiments and in the world outside the laboratory. No prior acquaintance with formal systems is assumed, and everyday examples are used throughout to illustrate technical and theoretical points. The book differs from others in the market firstly in the range of material covered: other tend to focus primarily on on either reasoning or thinking. It is also the first student-level text to survey an imporatant new theoretical perspective, the information-gain or rational analysis approach, and to review the rationality debate from the standpoint of psuchological research in a wide range of areas.

Scientific Reasoning

Scientific Reasoning Book
Author : Colin Howson,Peter Urbach
Publisher : Open Court Publishing Company
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Scientific Reasoning: The Bayesian Approach explains, in an accessible style, those elements of the probability calculus that are relevant to Bayesian methods, and argues that the probability calculus is best regarded as a species of logic." "Howson and Urbach contrast the Bayesian with the 'classical' view that was so influential in the last century, and demonstrate that familiar classical procedures for evaluating statistical hypotheses, such as significance tests, point estimation, confidence intervals, and other techniques, provide an utterly false basis for scientific inference. They also expose the well-known non-probabilistic philosophies of Popper, Lakatos, and Kuhn as similarly unscientific." "Scientific Reasoning shows how Bayesian theory, by contrast with these increasingly discredited approaches, provides a unified and highly satisfactory account of scientific method, an account which practicing scientists and all those interested in the sciences ought to master."--BOOK JACKET.

THE A PRIORI IN SCIENCE ACCORDING TO THE PHILOSOPHY OF MEYERSON

THE A PRIORI IN SCIENCE ACCORDING TO THE PHILOSOPHY OF MEYERSON  Book
Author : FAKHRI B. MA'LUF
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1942
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download THE A PRIORI IN SCIENCE ACCORDING TO THE PHILOSOPHY OF MEYERSON book written by FAKHRI B. MA'LUF, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Science Reason and Reality

Science  Reason  and Reality Book
Author : Daniel Rothbart
Publisher : Wadsworth Publishing Company
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Highlighting the work of the most prominent and influential scholars in the field, the articles reflect a diversity of philosophical opinion and demonstrate to students how each position is subject to constructive criticism and how this criticism motivates alternative positions.

Brilliant Blunders

Brilliant Blunders Book
Author : Mario Livio
Publisher : Simon and Schuster
Release : 2014-05-27
ISBN : 1439192375
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Drawing on the lives of five great scientists -- Charles Darwin, William Thomson (Lord Kelvin), Linus Pauling, Fred Hoyle and Albert Einstein -- scientist/author Mario Livio shows how even the greatest scientists made major mistakes and how science built on these errors to achieve breakthroughs, especially into the evolution of life and the universe"--

Reasoned Faith

Reasoned Faith Book
Author : Frank T. Birtel
Publisher : Crossroad Publishing Company
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What comes across ringingly in the essays by Robert John Russell, Philip Hefner, and Arthur Peacocke is not the threat that science poses to religion but rather the invitation it offers to expand our horizons vastly.