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How Languages Are Learned

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How Languages are Learned

How Languages are Learned Book
Author : Patsy M. Lightbown,Nina Spada
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2006-04-27
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'How Languages Are Learned' provides a readable introduction to the main theories of first and second language acquisition, relating them to approaches to classroom methodology and practice.

How Languages Are Learned 5th Edition

How Languages Are Learned 5th Edition Book
Author : Patsy M Lightbown,Nina Spada
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2021-07-05
ISBN : 019440630X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Now in its fifth edition, the award-winning How Languages are Learned has established itself as an indispensable introduction to research in language acquisition and its relationship with classroom practice. Patsy Lightbown and Nina Spada have worked for over four decades in second language research and education. They are highly respected worldwide for making theory and research about language learning accessible and relevant to classroom teaching. This widely acclaimed book remains essential reading for second language teachers. • Updated content highlights the latest research into second language learning and its relevance to classroom practice • Activities and questions for reflection personalize content and support critical thinking • Chapter summaries, discussion questions, weblinks and supplementary activities are available online at www.oup.com/elt/teacher/hlal

How Languages are Learned

How Languages are Learned Book
Author : Patsy Lightbown,Nina Spada
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2013-01-24
ISBN : 9780194541268
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Relates theories of first and second language acquisition to what actually goes on in the classroom Uses activities throughout to explore the practical implications of the ideas presented NEW Updated content gives teachers information about recent research on L2 learning NEW Activities and Questions for Reflection personalise content and support critical thinking NEW Extra Activities, Study Questions, and videos available online at www.oup.com/elt/teacher/hlal

How Vocabulary is Learned

How Vocabulary is Learned Book
Author : Stuart Webb,Paul Nation
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-06-06
ISBN : 019440353X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This guide to vocabulary acquisition is essential reading for teachers of English as a second or foreign language. It presents the major ideas and principles that relate to the teaching and learning of vocabulary and evaluates a wide range of practical activities designed to help boost students’ vocabulary acquisition. Key questions which are answered include: • How many words should students learn at a time, and how often? • How much classroom time should be spent teaching vocabulary? • What is the best way to group vocabulary for learning? • Is it useful to provide students with the L1 translations of unknown words? • Why do some students make greater progress than others? stuart webb is Professor in Applied Linguistics at the University of Western Ontario, Canada. paul nation is Emeritus Professor in Applied Linguistics at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. Teachers will find answers to many of their perennial questions about vocabulary learning—as well as some they had not yet thought to ask! There is research evidence to support established practices, but also new evidence that challenges old ideas. patsy lightbown (co-author of How Languages are Learned, with Nina Spada)

How Second Languages are Learned

How Second Languages are Learned Book
Author : Roger Hawkins
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2018-11-30
ISBN : 1108475035
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive introduction to second language learning for newcomers to the field, with frequent summaries and supporting activities.

Second Language Learning Theories

Second Language Learning Theories Book
Author : Rosamond Mitchell,Florence Myles,Emma Marsden
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-08-21
ISBN : 1444163116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Second Language Learning Theories is a clear and concise overview of the field of second language acquisition (SLA) theories. Written by a team of leading academics working in different SLA specialisms, this book provides expert analysis of the main theories from multiple perspectives to offer a broad and balanced introduction to the topic. The book covers all the main theoretical perspectives currently active in the SLA field and sets them in a broader perspective per chapter, e.g. linguistic, cognitive or sociolinguistic. Each chapter examines how various theories view language, the learner, and the acquisition process. Summaries of key studies and examples of data relating to a variety of languages illustrate the different theoretical perspectives. Each chapter concludes with an evaluative summary of the theories discussed. This third edition has been thoroughly updated to reflect the very latest research in the field of SLA. Key features include: a fully re-worked chapter on cognitive models of language and language learning a new chapter on information processing, including the roles of different types of memory and knowledge in language learning the addition of a glossary of key linguistic terms to help the non-specialist a new timeline of second language learning theory development This third edition takes account of the significant developments that have taken place in the field in recent years. Highly active domains in which theoretical and methodological advances have been made are treated in more depth to ensure that this new edition of Second Language Learning Theories remains as fresh and relevant as ever.

Understanding Second Language Acquisition

Understanding Second Language Acquisition Book
Author : Lourdes Ortega
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-02-04
ISBN : 144411705X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Whether we grow up with one, two, or several languages during our early years of life, many of us will learn a second, foreign, or heritage language in later years. The field of Second language acquisition (SLA, for short) investigates the human capacity to learn additional languages in late childhood, adolescence, or adulthood, after the first language --in the case of monolinguals-- or languages --in the case of bilinguals-- have already been acquired. Understanding Second Language Acquisition offers a wide-encompassing survey of this burgeoning field, its accumulated findings and proposed theories, its developed research paradigms, and its pending questions for the future. The book zooms in and out of universal, individual, and social forces, in each case evaluating the research findings that have been generated across diverse naturalistic and formal contexts for second language acquisition. It assumes no background in SLA and provides helpful chapter-by-chapter summaries and suggestions for further reading. Ideal as a textbook for students of applied linguistics, foreign language education, TESOL, and education, it is also recommended for students of linguistics, developmental psycholinguistics, psychology, and cognitive science. Supporting resources for tutors are available free at www.routledge.com/ortega.

Second Language Acquisition Myths

Second Language Acquisition Myths Book
Author : Steven Brown,Jenifer Larson-Hall
Publisher : University of Michigan Press ELT
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0472034987
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Children learn languages quickly and easily while adults are ineffective in comparison -- A true bilingual is someone who speaks two languages perfectly -- You can acquire a language simply through listening or reading -- Practice makes perfect -- Language students learn (and retain) what they are taught -- Language learners always benefit from correction -- Individual differences are a major, perhaps the major, factor in SLA -- Language acquisition is the individual acquisition of grammar.

Language and Learning in Multilingual Classrooms

Language and Learning in Multilingual Classrooms Book
Author : Elizabeth Coelho
Publisher : Multilingual Matters
Release : 2012-06-25
ISBN : 1847697208
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers practical research-based advice for teachers and other educators on how to adapt school and classroom procedures, curriculum content, and instructional strategies in order to provide a supportive learning environment for students of minority language backgrounds who are learning the language of instruction at the same time as they are learning the curriculum.

Second Language Learning and Language Teaching

Second Language Learning and Language Teaching Book
Author : Vivian Cook
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-05-05
ISBN : 1134683227
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Second Language Learning and Language Teaching provides an introduction to the application of second language acquisition research to language teaching. Assuming no previous background in second language acquisition or language teaching methods, this text starts by introducing readers to the basic issues of second language acquisition research. It then examines how people learn particular aspects of the second language, such as grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation and the writing system, and at the strategies they adopt in their learning and the differences between individuals. Final chapters look at second language learning in a broader context – the goals of language teaching and how teaching methods relate to SLA research. This newly updated fifth edition builds on the comprehensive scope of earlier editions while also addressing more recent developments in the field, particularly multilingual approaches to language teaching.

How Languages are Learned 4th edition Oxford Handbooks for Language Teachers

How Languages are Learned 4th edition   Oxford Handbooks for Language Teachers Book
Author : Patsy M. Lightbown,Nina Spada
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-01-10
ISBN : 0194541290
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Teachers are often told that new teaching methods and materials are 'based on the latest research'. But what does this mean in practice? This book introduces you to some of the language acquisition research that will help you not just to evaluate existing materials, but also to adapt and use them in a way that fits what we currently understand about how languages are learned.

Learner English

Learner English Book
Author : Swan,Michael Swan,Bernard Smith
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2001-04-26
ISBN : 0521779391
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A practical reference guide to help teachers to predict and understand the problems their students have.

Theories in Second Language Acquisition

Theories in Second Language Acquisition Book
Author : Bill VanPatten,Jessica Williams
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-12-22
ISBN : 1135928606
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of Theories in Second Language Acquisition seeks to build on the strengths of the first edition by surveying the major theories currently used in second language acquisition research. This volume is an ideal introductory text for undergraduate and graduate students in SLA and language teaching. Each chapter focuses on a single theory, written by a leading scholar in the field in an easy-to-follow style – a basic foundational description of the theory, relevant data or research models used with this theory, common misunderstandings, and a sample study from the field to show the theory in practice. This text is designed to provide a consistent and coherent presentation for those new to the field who seek basic understanding of theories that underlie contemporary SLA research. Researchers will also find the book useful as a "quick guide" to theoretical work outside their respective domains.

The Way of the Linguist

The Way of the Linguist Book
Author : Steve Kaufmann
Publisher : AuthorHouse
Release : 2005-11
ISBN : 1420873296
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Way of The Linguist, A language learning odyssey. It is now a cliché that the world is a smaller place. We think nothing of jumping on a plane to travel to another country or continent. The most exotic locations are now destinations for mass tourism. Small business people are dealing across frontiers and language barriers like never before. The Internet brings different languages and cultures to our finger-tips. English, the hybrid language of an island at the western extremity of Europe seems to have an unrivalled position as an international medium of communication. But historically periods of cultural and economic domination have never lasted forever. Do we not lose something by relying on the wide spread use of English rather than discovering other languages and cultures? As citizens of this shrunken world, would we not be better off if we were able to speak a few languages other than our own? The answer is obviously yes. Certainly Steve Kaufmann thinks so, and in his busy life as a diplomat and businessman he managed to learn to speak nine languages fluently and observe first hand some of the dominant cultures of Europe and Asia. Why do not more people do the same? In his book The Way of The Linguist, A language learning odyssey, Steve offers some answers. Steve feels anyone can learn a language if they want to. He points out some of the obstacles that hold people back. Drawing on his adventures in Europe and Asia, as a student and businessman, he describes the rewards that come from knowing languages. He relates his evolution as a language learner, abroad and back in his native Canada and explains the kind of attitude that will enable others to achieve second language fluency. Many people have taken on the challenge of language learning but have been frustrated by their lack of success. This book offers detailed advice on the kind of study practices that will achieve language breakthroughs. Steve has developed a language learning system available online at: www.thelinguist.com.

Motivational Teaching

Motivational Teaching Book
Author : Nick Thorner
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-02-14
ISBN : 0194200248
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Motivational Teaching provides a clear overview of the many factors that affect learner motivation and connects each of them to innovative teaching ideas and strategies. • Features over 100 tried and tested teaching ideas, underpinned by the latest research into learner motivation. • Explores how motivation to learn works both on an individual level and within the classroom environment. • Provides insights to enhance motivation through key teaching processes, from choosing materials and designing tasks to closing lessons and giving feedback. • Investigates how teachers can raise learner motivation across a range of ages, abilities, and backgrounds.

Bringing the Standards for Foreign Language Learning to Life

Bringing the Standards for Foreign Language Learning to Life Book
Author : Deborah Blaz
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-10-11
ISBN : 1317923715
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What does a student-centered social studies classroom really look like? Renowned educator Bil Johnson reveals how to teach social studies so that your students become engaged, active, and responsible learners. This book demonstrates how student-centered strategies can be applied in your classroom. It shows you how to make students’ work the focus of what occurs in your classroom, prepare lesson plans based on what students should know and be able to do, and create a classroom environment revolving around rigorous and creative student activity. Also included are classroom examples of socratic seminars and other forms of group work such as simulations and role playing, performances and exhibitions, projects and portfolios, and other demonstrations of student learning.

How to Learn a Foreign Language

How to Learn a Foreign Language Book
Author : Paul Pimsleur
Publisher : Simon and Schuster
Release : 2013-10-01
ISBN : 1442369027
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explains how to learn foreign languages, offering practical advice for overcoming the obstacles.

Mixed Ability Teaching Into the Classroom

Mixed Ability Teaching   Into the Classroom Book
Author : Edmund Dudley,Erika Osváth
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-02-28
ISBN : 0194200167
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Into the Classroom is a series of short, practical guides that help teachers who work in the primary and secondary school setting to make sense of new teaching tools, techniques, and educational policy, with ideas for implementing them in the classroom. Mixed-Ability Teaching shows how collaborative ways of working can promote a positive classroom atmosphere and offer support and challenge for every student. Helps teachers prepare effectively for lessons by looking at the factors and variables that characterize mixed-ability groups. Suggests constructive and imaginative solutions to the challenges associated with activating all learners in mixed-ability groups. Explores a learner-centred approach to assessment and develops techniques that combine evaluation with learning. Provides practical classroom ideas for improving the learning environment through differentiated and open-ended language learning activities. Extra resources are available from: www.oup.com/elt/teacher/itc Edmund Dudley is a freelance teacher trainer and English teacher based in Hungary. His main area of interest is teaching teenagers, and he has considerable experience of working with mixed-ability classes at both primary and secondary levels. Erika Osváth is a freelance teacher trainer and English teacher based in Hungary. She has extensive experience of teaching mixed-ability classes at both primary and secondary levels in many international settings.

Third language acquisition

Third language acquisition Book
Author : Camilla Bardel,Laura Sánchez
Publisher : Language Science Press
Release : 2022-09-29
ISBN : 3961102805
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deals with the phenomenon of third language (L3) acquisition. As a research field, L3 acquisition is established as a branch of multilingualism that is concerned with how multilinguals learn additional languages and the role that their multilingual background plays in the process of language learning. The volume points out some current directions in this particular research area with a number of studies that reveal the complexity of multilingual language learning and its typical variation and dynamics. The eight studies gathered in the book represent a wide range of theoretical positions and offer empirical evidence from learners belonging to different age groups, and with varying levels of proficiency in the target language, as well as in other non-native languages belonging to the learner’s repertoire. Diverse linguistic phenomena and language combinations are viewed from a perspective where all previously acquired languages have a potential role to play in the process of learning a new language. In the six empirical studies, contexts of language learning in school or at university level constitute the main outlet for data collection. These studies involve several language backgrounds and language combinations and focus on various linguistic features. The specific target languages in the empirical studies are English, French and Italian. The volume also includes two theoretical chapters. The first one conceptualizes and describes the different types of multilingual language learning investigated in the volume: i) third or additional language learning by learners who are bilinguals from an early age, and ii) third or additional language learning by people who have previous experience of one or more non-native languages learned after the critical period. In particular, issues related to the roles played by age and proficiency in multilingual acquisition are discussed. The other theoretical chapter conceptualizes the grammatical category of aspect, reviewing previous studies on second and third language acquisition of aspect. Different models for L3 learning and their relevance and implications for representations of aspect and for potential differences in the processing of second and third language acquisition are also examined in this chapter. As a whole, the book presents current research into third or additional language learning by young learners or adults, considering some of the most important factors for the complex process of multilingual language learning: the age of onset of the additional language and that of previously acquired languages, social and affective factors, instruction, language proficiency and literacy, the typology of the background languages and the role they play in shaping syntax, lexicon, and other components of a L3. The idea for this book emanates from the symposium Multilingualism, language proficiency and age, organized by Camilla Bardel and Laura Sánchez at Stockholm University, Department of Language Education, in December 2016.

Frindle

Frindle Book
Author : Andrew Clements
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998-02
ISBN : 9781536402858
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nicholas Allen is not a troublemaker -- he's just creative. When he decides to liven things up in Mrs. Granger's fifth grade language arts class, he comes up with the greatest plan yet. He invents a new word for a pen -- frindle. It doesn't take long