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Historical Ethnobiology

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Historical Ethnobiology

Historical Ethnobiology Book
Author : Maria Franco Trindade Medeiros
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-20
ISBN : 0128167297
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Historical Ethnobiology presents a unique approach to analyzing human-nature interactions, using theoretical and methodological aspects to examine historical scientific knowledge. This book disseminates the notion that past local narratives of biodiversity influence the determination of both historical and modern scientific decisions. Beginning with a brief history of ethnobiology’s development, this book delves into conceptual models, historical knowledge areas, and the theoretical matrix of ethnobiology. This book also focuses on the importance of memory including topics of memory production by human in different epochs and how individual memory records contribute to social history and the understanding of the past effects of human interaction with nature. Looking ahead, it discusses the importance of records such as these for determining future mankind’s relationships with nature to preserve biodiversity and ensure conservation. Historical Ethnobiology is the first book to focus on past human-nature interactions and their interpretations in today’s scientific culture. This book is an excellent resource for students and researchers in biology, ethnobiology, and anthropology. Presents an inclusive interpretation and use of historical botanical, zoological and geographical registers kept in institutions to reconnect the past with modern issues Illuminates documental analysis of past interactions between humans and nature Provides a comprehensive and accessible reference point to provide insights into a rapidly growing field

Ethnobiology

Ethnobiology Book
Author : E. N. Anderson,Deborah Pearsall,Eugene Hunn,Nancy Turner
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-02-14
ISBN : 111801586X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The single comprehensive treatment of the field, from the leading members of the Society of Ethnobiology The field of ethnobiology—the study of relationships between particular ethnic groups and their native plants and animals—has grown very rapidly in recent years, spawning numerous subfields. Ethnobiological research has produced a wide range of medicines, natural products, and new crops, as well as striking insights into human cognition, language, and environmental management behavior from prehistory to the present. This is the single authoritative source on ethnobiology, covering all aspects of the field as it is currently defined. Featuring contributions from experienced scholars and sanctioned by the Society of Ethnobiology, this concise, readable volume provides extensive coverage of ethical issues and practices as well as archaeological, ethnological, and linguistic approaches. Emphasizing basic principles and methodology, this unique textbook offers a balanced treatment of all the major subfields within ethnobiology, allowing students to begin guided research in any related area—from archaeoethnozoology to ethnomycology to agroecology. Each chapter includes a basic introduction to each topic, is written by a leading specialist in the specific area addressed, and comes with a full bibliography citing major works in the area. All chapters cover recent research, and many are new in approach; most chapters present unpublished or very recently published new research. Featured are clear, distinctive treatments of areas such as ethnozoology, linguistic ethnobiology, traditional education, ethnoecology, and indigenous perspectives. Methodology and ethical action are also covered up to current practice. Ethnobiology is a specialized textbook for advanced undergraduates and graduate students; it is suitable for advanced-level ethnobotany, ethnobiology, cultural and political ecology, and archaeologically related courses. Research institutes will also find this work valuable, as will any reader with an interest in ethnobiological fields.

Introduction to Ethnobiology

Introduction to Ethnobiology Book
Author : Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque,Rômulo Romeu Nóbrega Alves
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-03-29
ISBN : 3319281550
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook provides a basic introduction to ethnobiology with key concepts for beginners. It is also written for those who teach ethnobiology or related fields. The core issues and concepts, as well as approaches and theoretical positions are fully covered.

Sprouting Valley

Sprouting Valley Book
Author : James R. Welch
Publisher : Society of Ethnobiology
Release : 2013-05-10
ISBN : 0988733021
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the mid-nineteenth century the indigenous Potter Valley Pomo resided in large sedentary villages in Potter Valley, California, and travelled seasonally throughout an extensive territory in what are now Mendocino and Lake Counties. Beginning in 1890 what would become nearly a half century of ethnographic research among members of this community, homeopathic doctor and amateur anthropologist John W. Hudson witnessed the aftermath of their dislocation and dispersal from the valley following the arrival of non-indigenous settlers. Although never published, his fieldnotes contained an unparalleled dataset on plant use by a single local indigenous community in California. In this richly illustrated monograph the author presents and interprets this historical ethnobotanical information in order to provide new insights into Potter Valley Pomo society and its relationship to the Northern California landscape.

Ethnobiology and Biocultural Diversity

Ethnobiology and Biocultural Diversity Book
Author : John R. Stepp,Felice S. Wyndham,Rebecca K. Zarger
Publisher : University of Georgia Press
Release : 2002-01-01
ISBN : 9780820323497
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The most comprehensive collection of papers in the field to date, this volume presents state-of-the-art research and commentary from more than fifty of the world's leading ethnobiologists. Covering a wide range of ecosystems and world regions, the papers center on global change and the relationships among traditional knowledge, biological diversity, and cultural diversity. Specific themes include the acquisition, persistence, and loss of traditional ecological knowledge; intellectual property rights and benefits sharing; ethnobiological classification; medical ethnobotany; ethnoentomology; ethnobiology and natural resource management; homegardens; and agriculture and traditional knowledge. The volume will be of interest to scholars in anthropology, ecology, and related fields and also to professionals in conservation and indigenous rights organizations.

Evolutionary Ethnobiology

Evolutionary Ethnobiology Book
Author : Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque,Patrícia Muniz De Medeiros,Alejandro Casas
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-09-23
ISBN : 331919917X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ethnobiology is a fascinating science. To understand this vocation it needs to be studied under an evolutionary point of view that is very strong and significant, although this aspect is often poorly approached in the literature. This is the first book to compile and discuss information about evolutionary ethnobiology in English.

Ethnozoology

Ethnozoology Book
Author : Romulo Romeu Nobrega Alves,Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-10-31
ISBN : 0128099143
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ethnozoology: Animals In Our Lives represents the first book about this discipline, providing a discussion on key themes on human-animal interactions and their implications, along with recent major advances in research. Humans share the world with a bewildering variety of other animals, and have interacted with them in different ways. This variety of interactions (both past and present) is investigated through ethnozoology, which is a hybrid discipline structured with elements from both the natural and social sciences, as it seeks to understand how humans have perceived and interacted with faunal resources throughout history. In a broader context, ethnozoology, and its companion discipline, ethnobotany, form part of the larger body of the science of ethnobiology. In recent years, the importance of ethnozoological/ethnobiological studies has increasingly been recognized, unsurprisingly given the strong human influence on biodiversity. From the perspective of ethnozoology, the book addresses all aspects of human connection, animals and health, from its use in traditional medicine, to bioprospecting derivatives of fauna for pharmaceuticals, with expert contributions from leading researchers in the field. Draws on editors’ and contributors’ extensive research, experience and studies covering ethnozoology and ethnobiology Covers all aspects of human-animal interaction through the lens of this emerging discipline, with coverage of both domestic and wild animal topics Presents topics of great interest to a variety of researchers including those in wildlife/conservation (biologists, ecologists, conservationists) and domestic-related disciplines (psychologists, sociologists)

Ethnobiological Classification

Ethnobiological Classification Book
Author : Brent Berlin
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2014-07-14
ISBN : 1400862590
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A founder of and leading thinker in the field of modern ethnobiology looks at the widespread regularities in the classification and naming of plants and animals among peoples of traditional, nonliterate societies--regularities that persist across local environments, cultures, societies, and languages. Brent Berlin maintains that these patterns can best be explained by the similarity of human beings' largely unconscious appreciation of the natural affinities among groupings of plants and animals: people recognize and name a grouping of organisms quite independently of its actual or potential usefulness or symbolic significance in human society. Berlin's claims challenge those anthropologists who see reality as a "set of culturally constructed, often unique and idiosyncratic images, little constrained by the parameters of an outside world." Part One of this wide-ranging work focuses primarily on the structure of ethnobiological classification inferred from an analysis of descriptions of individual systems. Part Two focuses on the underlying processes involved in the functioning and evolution of ethnobiological systems in general. Originally published in 1992. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Ethnobiology of Mountain Communities in Asia

Ethnobiology of Mountain Communities in Asia Book
Author : Arshad Mehmood Abbasi,Rainer W. Bussmann
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-26
ISBN : 3030554945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natural resources and associated biological diversity provide the basis of livelihood for human population, particularly in the rural areas and mountain regions across the globe. Asia is home to the world's highest mountain regions including the Himalayas, Karakorum and Hindukush. These regions are renowned around the globe because of their unique beauty, climate, and biocultural diversity. Because of geoclimatic conditions, the mountains of Asia are medicinal and food plant diversity hot spots. The indigenous communities residing in the valleys of these mountains have their own culture and traditions, and have a long history of interaction with the surrounding plant diversity. Local inhabitants of these mountains areas possess significant traditional knowledge of plant species used as food, medicine, and for cultural purposes. So far, many workers have reported traditional uses of plant species from different regions of Asia including some mountain areas; however, there is not one inclusive document on the ethnobotany of mountains in Asia. This book provides a comprehensive overview on ethno-ecological knowledge and cross cultural variation in the application of plant species among various communities residing in the mountains of Asia; cross cultural variation in traditional uses of plant species by the mountain communities; high value medicinal and food plant species; and threats and conservation status of plant species and traditional knowledge. This book should be useful to researchers of biodiversity and conservation, ethnobiologists, ethnoecologists, naturalists, phytochemists, pharmacists, policy makers, and all who have a devotion to nature.

Methods in Historical Ecology

Methods in Historical Ecology Book
Author : Guillaume Odonne,Jean-François Molino
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-10-12
ISBN : 042959447X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents some of the most recent tools, methods and concepts in historical ecology. It introduces students and researchers to state-of-the-art techniques and showcases a wide array of methods dedicated to understanding the history of tropical landscapes. The chapters cover the detection and characterisation of archaeological features, living organisms as witnesses of past human activities, ethnoecological knowledge of ancient anthropogenic landscapes and societal impacts of historical ecology. Whilst mainly based on Amazonian experiences, the contributions aim to strengthen synergies between disciplines and to propose solutions that can be applied elsewhere in the field.

A Zapotec Natural History

A Zapotec Natural History Book
Author : Eugene S. Hunn
Publisher : University of Arizona Press
Release : 2016-08
ISBN : 0816534330
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A Zapotec Natural History is an extraordinary book that describe the people of a small town in Mexico and their remarkable knowledge of the natural world in which they live. San Juan Gbëë is a Zapotec Indian community located in the state of Oaxaca, a region of great biological diversity. Eugene S. Hunn is a well-known anthropologist and ethnobiologist who has spent many years working in San Juan Gbëë, studying its residents and their knowledge of the local environment. Here Hunn writes sensitively and respectfully about the rich understanding of local flora and fauna that village inhabitants have acquired and transmitted over many centuries. In this village everyone, young children included, can identify and name hundreds of local plants, animals, and fungi, together with the details of their life cycles, habitat preferences, and functions in the economic, aesthetic, and spiritual lives of the town. Part 1 of this two-part work describes the community, the subsistence farming practices of its residents, the nomenclature and classification of the local biological taxonomy, the use of plants for treating illnesses, and the ritual and decorative roles of flowers. Part 2 is available online, and includes detailed inventories of all plant, animal, and fungal categories recognized by San Juan’s people; a series of indexes; a library of more than 1,200 images illustrating the town’s plants, people, landscapes, and daily activities; and sounds of village life.

Ethnobiology of Corals and Coral Reefs

Ethnobiology of Corals and Coral Reefs Book
Author : Nemer Narchi,Lisa Leimar Price
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-24
ISBN : 3319237632
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores the ethnobiology of corals by examining the various ways in which humans, past and present, have exploited and taken care of coral and coralline habitats. This book will bring the educated general audience closer to corals by exploring the various circumstances of human-coral coexistence by providing scientifically sound and jargon-free perspectives and experiences from across the globe. Corals are a vital part of the marine environment since they promote and sustain marine and global biodiversity while providing numerous other environmental and cultural services. Countless valuable coral conservation efforts are published in academic and general audience venues on a daily basis. However relevant, few of these reports show a direct, deeper understanding of the intimate relationship between people and corals throughout the world’s societies. Ethnobiology of Corals and Coral Reefs establishes an intimate bond between the audience and the wonder of corals and their importance to humankind.

Local Food Plants of Brazil

Local Food Plants of Brazil Book
Author : Michelle Cristine Medeiros Jacob,Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-06-03
ISBN : 303069139X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There has been growing academic interest in local food plants. This is a subject that lies at the frontiers of knowledge of various areas, such as environmental sciences, nutrition, public health, and humanities. To date, however, we do not have a book bringing these multi-disciplinary perspectives to bear on this complex field. This book presents the current state of knowledge on local Brazilian food plants through a multidisciplinary approach, including an overview of food plants in Brazil, as well as comprehensive nutritional data. It compiles basic theories on the interrelationship between biodiversity and food and nutrition security, as well as ethnobotanical knowledge of local Brazilian food plants. Additionally, this title provides various methods of learning and teaching the subject, including through social media, artificial intelligence, and through workshops, among others.

Passage of Darkness

Passage of Darkness Book
Author : Wade Davis
Publisher : Univ of North Carolina Press
Release : 2000-11-09
ISBN : 0807887587
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In 1982, Harvard-trained ethnobotanist Wade Davis traveled into the Haitian countryside to research reports of zombies--the infamous living dead of Haitian folklore. A report by a team of physicians of a verifiable case of zombification led him to try to obtain the poison associated with the process and examine it for potential medical use. Interdisciplinary in nature, this study reveals a network of power relations reaching all levels of Haitian political life. It sheds light on recent Haitian political history, including the meteoric rise under Duvalier of the Tonton Macoute. By explaining zombification as a rational process within the context of traditional Vodoun society, Davis demystifies one of the most exploited of folk beliefs, one that has been used to denigrate an entire people and their religion.

Encyclopedia of Historical Archaeology

Encyclopedia of Historical Archaeology Book
Author : Charles E. Orser Jnr
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2002-09-11
ISBN : 1134608624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Encyclopedia of Historical Archaeology is a ground-breaking compendium of information about this ever-growing field. Concentrating on the post-1400 period as well as containing generic explanations of historical archaeology where needed, the encyclopedia is compiled by over 120 experts from around the world and contains more than 370 entries covering important concepts and sites.

Ethnobiology at the Millennium

Ethnobiology at the Millennium Book
Author : Richard I. Ford
Publisher : U OF M MUSEUM ANTHRO ARCHAEOLOGY
Release : 2001-01-01
ISBN : 0915703505
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Ethnobiology at the Millennium book written by Richard I. Ford, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Historical Ecology Handbook

The Historical Ecology Handbook Book
Author : Dave Egan,Evelyn A. Howell
Publisher : Island Press
Release : 2005-08-12
ISBN : 1597260339
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Makes essential connections between past and future ecosystems, bringing together leading experts to offer a much-needed introduction to the field of historical ecology and its practical application by on-the-ground restorationists. A unique and groundbreaking guide to determining historic reference conditions of a landscape.

Mobility and Migration in Indigenous Amazonia

Mobility and Migration in Indigenous Amazonia Book
Author : Miguel N. Alexiades
Publisher : Berghahn Books
Release : 2009-04-30
ISBN : 1845459075
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contrary to ingrained academic and public assumptions, wherein indigenous lowland South American societies are viewed as the product of historical emplacement and spatial stasis, there is widespread evidence to suggest that migration and displacement have been the norm, and not the exception. This original and thought-provoking collection of case studies examines some of the ways in which migration, and the concomitant processes of ecological and social change, have shaped and continue to shape human-environment relations in Amazonia. Drawing on a wide range of historical time frames (from pre-conquest times to the present) and ethnographic contexts, different chapters examine the complex and important links between migration and the classification, management, and domestication of plants and landscapes, as well as the incorporation and transformation of environmental knowledge, practices, ideologies and identities.

Ethnobiology

Ethnobiology Book
Author : Darrell Addison Posey,William L. Overal
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These proceedings include contributions on the following topics: ethnobiology in theory and practice; ethnozoology; botanical resources; natural resource management; ethnopharmacology; ethnomedicine and popular curing

Traveling Cultures and Plants

Traveling Cultures and Plants Book
Author : Andrea Pieroni,Ina Vandebroek
Publisher : Berghahn Books
Release : 2009-10
ISBN : 1845456793
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The tremendous increase in migrations and diasporas of human groups in the last decades are not only bringing along challenging issues for society, especially related to the economic and political management of multiculturalism and culturally effective health care, but they are also creating dramatic changes in traditional knowledge, believes and practices (KBP) related to (medicinal) plant use. The contributors to this volume – all internationally recognized scholars in the field of ethnobiology, transcultural pharmacy, and medical anthropology – analyze these dynamics of traditional knowledge in especially 12 selected case studies. Ina Vandebroek, features in Nova's "Secret Life of Scientists", answering the question: just what is ethnobotany?