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High Throughput Next Generation Sequence Analysis For Food Microbiologists

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High Throughput Next Generation Sequence Analysis for Food Microbiologists

High Throughput Next Generation Sequence Analysis for Food Microbiologists Book
Author : Bart C Weimer,Dylan Storey
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-01-01
ISBN : 0128092270
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High Throughput Next Generation Sequence Analysis for Food Microbiologists presents the evolution of metagenomics and metaRNAseq as tools for use in foods to describe the microbiome of raw materials and the effect of processing conditions to change the microbiome for food safety and food spoilage. This reference offers information on the wide spread use of microbial genomes that are available today. The intent of this volume is to provide a resource for researchers, scientists, upper division students interested in using WGS and metagenomics for food microbiome studies. Presents broad and underserved implications for food microbiology’s fast moving area of Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) Provides detailed descriptions of the context, directions, and methods that are at the leading edge of food microbiology that aligns with culture independent methods in complex systems, such as food streams Includes chapters that span spoilage organisms, fermentation, and pathogens

Sequencing Technologies in Microbial Food Safety and Quality

Sequencing Technologies in Microbial Food Safety and Quality Book
Author : Devarajan Thangardurai,Leo M.L. Nollet,Saher Islam,Jeyabalan Sangeetha
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-04-15
ISBN : 1000376397
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular landscape for food safety analysis is rapidly revolutionizing because of high resolution and value added resulting analysis of next-generation sequencing (NGS) approaches. These modern sequencing technologies drive worldwide advancements in food safety and quality. Sequencing Technologies in Microbial Food Safety and Quality reviews several practices in that NGS contributes to foodborne pathogens functional characterization, management and control. This book focuses on potential uses of sequencing technologies in microbial food safety and quality and highlights present challenges in the food industry. Key Features: Application of whole genome sequencing technologies in disease diagnostics, surveillance, transmission, and outbreak investigation in food sector Impact of sequencing tools in the area of food microbiology Recent advances in genomic DNA sequencing of microbial species from single cells Microbial bioinformatics resources for food microbiology High-throughput insertion tracking by deep sequencing for the analysis of food pathogens This book includes contributions from experts who have manipulated sequencing tools in relation to microbial food safety and quality. Presenting comprehensive details about NGS approaches in food science, this book is an updated and reliable reference for food scientists, nutritionists, food product investigators to study and implement the sequencing technologies for developing quality and safe food. This book would also serve as informative resource for food industry officials, government researchers, food science or food nutrition students who seek comprehensive knowledge about the role of emerging sequencing technologies in revolutionizing the food industry.

Game Changer Next Generation Sequencing and Its Impact on Food Microbiology

Game Changer Next Generation Sequencing and Its Impact on Food Microbiology Book
Author : Jennifer Ronholm,Sabah Bidawid,Sandra Torriani
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-04-26
ISBN : 2889454630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in next-generation sequencing technologies (NGS) are revolutionizing the field of food microbiology. Microbial whole genome sequencing (WGS) can provide identification, characterization, and subtyping of pathogens for epidemiological investigations at a level of precision previously not possible. This allows for connections and source attribution to be inferred between related isolates that may be overlooked by traditional techniques. The archiving and global sharing of genome sequences allow for retrospective analysis of virulence genes, antimicrobial resistance markers, mobile genetic elements and other novel genes. The advent of high-throughput 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing, in combination with the advantages offered by massively parallel second-generation sequencing for metagenomics, enable intensive studies on the microbiomes of food products and the impact of foods on the human microbiome. These studies may one day lead to the development of reliable culture-independent methods for food monitoring and surveillance. Similarly, RNA-seq has provided insights into the transcriptomes and hence the behaviour of bacterial pathogens in food, food processing environments, and in interaction with the host at a resolution previously not achieved through the use of microarrays and/or RT-PCR. The vast un-tapped potential applications of NGS along with its rapidly declining costs, give this technology the ability to contribute significantly to consumer protection, global trade facilitation, and increased food safety and security. Despite the rapid advances, challenges remain. How will NGS data be incorporated into our existing global food safety infrastructure? How will massive NGS data be stored and shared globally? What bioinformatics solutions will be used to analyse and optimise these large data sets? This Research Topic discusses recent advances in the field of food microbiology made possible through the use of NGS.

Fermented Meat Products

Fermented Meat Products Book
Author : Nevijo Zdolec
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-11-22
ISBN : 1315352834
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents recent developments on the health and safety of fermented meat products. It discusses health aspects of select topics in fermented meat microbiology, veterinary public health, chemistry, technology, biotechnology, nutrition, toxicology, and quality assurance, and gives a broad insight into the product’s safety and health hazards. The book considers the safety of fermented meat products through a whole food chain approach. It focuses on requirements for strict hygienic and technological procedures to prevent potential risk during the production of ready-to-eat products. The book does not aim to serve as negative publicity for meat products. Just the opposite – it points out to the complexity of prevention and control of potential hazards/risks in the production which greatly contributes to a higher total value of fermented meat products. This reference book is a result of collaborative efforts of a number of distinguished authors with international reputation from renowned institutions and it is intended to both academic and professional audience.

The Microbiology of Safe Food

The Microbiology of Safe Food Book
Author : Stephen J. Forsythe
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-11-11
ISBN : 1119405254
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exploring food microbiology, its impact upon consumer safety, and the latest strategies for reducing its associated risks As our methods of food production advance, so too does the need for a fuller understanding of food microbiology and the critical ways in which it influences food safety. The Microbiology of Safe Food satisfies this need, exploring the processes and effects of food microbiology with a detailed, practical approach. Examining both food pathogens and spoilage organisms, microbiologist Stephen J. Forsythe covers topics ranging from hygiene regulations and product testing to microbiological criteria and sampling plans. This third edition has been thoroughly revised to cater to the food scientists and manufacturers of today, addressing such new areas as: Advances in genomic analysis techniques for key organisms, including E. coli, Salmonella, and L. monocytogenes Emerging information on high-throughput sequencing and genomic epidemiology based on genomic analysis of isolates Recent work on investigations into foodborne infection outbreaks, demonstrating the public health costs of unsafe food production Updates to the national and international surveillance systems, including social media Safe food for consumers is the ultimate goal of food microbiology. To that end, The Microbiology of Safe Food focuses on the real-world applications of the latest science, making it an essential companion for all those studying and working in food safety.

Advances in Food and Nutrition Research

Advances in Food and Nutrition Research Book
Author : Fidel Toldra
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-02-05
ISBN : 0128204710
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, Volume 91 provides updated knowledge about nutrients in foods and how to avoid their deficiency, especially for those essential nutrients that should be present in the diet to reduce disease risk and optimize health. Specific topics covered in this new release include Polyphenols in the management of brain disorders: Modulation of the microbiota-gut-brain axis, Protein and amino acids in skeletal muscle health in aging, Chemical composition and health properties of coffee and coffee by-products, Seaweed and seaweed-derived metabolites as prebiotics, Bioactive potential of fruit and vegetable wastes, and more. The series provides the latest advances on the identification and characterization of emerging bioactive compounds with putative health benefits, as well as up-to-date information on food science, including raw materials, production, processing, distribution and consumption. Contains contributions that have been carefully selected based on their vast experience and expertise on the subject Includes updated, in-depth, and critical discussions of available information, giving the reader a unique opportunity to learn Encompasses a broad view of the topics at hand

Omics and Systems Approaches to Study the Biology and Applications of Lactic Acid Bacteria

Omics and Systems Approaches to Study the Biology and Applications of Lactic Acid Bacteria Book
Author : Konstantinos Papadimitriou,Jan Kok,Pierre Renault,Kimberly Kline
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-10-13
ISBN : 2889637174
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The economic importance of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) for the food industry and their implication in health and disease has rendered them attractive models for research in many laboratories around the world. Over the past three decades, molecular and genetic analysis of LAB species provided important insights into the biology and application of starter and probiotic LAB and in the virulence of LAB pathogens. The knowledge obtained prepared LAB researchers for the forthcoming opportunities provided by the advent of microbial genomics. Today, developments in next-generation sequencing technologies have rocketed LAB genome research and the sequences of several hundreds of strains are available. This flood of information has revolutionized our view of LAB. First of all, a detailed picture has emerged about the evolutionary mechanisms allowing LAB to inhabit the very diverge ecological niches in which they can be found. Adaptation of LAB to nutrient-rich environments has led to degenerative evolution processes that resulted in shortening of chromosomes and simplified metabolic potential. Gene acquisition through horizontal transfer, on the other hand, is also important in shaping LAB gene pools. Horizontally acquired genes have been shown to be essential in technological properties of starters and in probiosis or virulence of commensals. Progress in bioinformatics tools has allowed rapid annotation of LAB genomes and the direct assignment of genetic traits among species/strains through comparative genomics. In this way, the molecular basis of many important traits of LAB has been elucidated, including aspects of sugar fermentation, flavor and odor formation, production of textural substances, stress responses, colonization of and survival in the host, cell-tocell interactions and pathogenicity. Functional genomics and proteomics have been employed in a number of instances to support in silico predictions. Given that the costs of advanced next-generation methodologies like RNA-seq are dropping fast, bottlenecks in the in silico characterization of LAB genomes will be rapidly overcome. Another crucial advancement in LAB research is the application of systems biology approaches, by which the properties and interactions of components or parts of a biological system are investigated to accurately understand or predict LAB behavior. Practically, systems biology involves the mathematical modeling of complex biological systems that can be refined iteratively with wet-lab experiments. High-throughput experimentation generating huge amounts of data on the properties and quantities of many components such as transcripts, enzymes and metabolites has resulted in several systems models of LAB. Novel techniques allow modelling of additional levels of complexity including the function of small RNAs, structural features of RNA molecules and post-translational modifications. In addition, researchers have started to apply systems approaches in the framework of LAB multispecies ecosystems in which each species or strain is considered as a part of the system. Metatransciptomics, metaproteomics and metametabolomics offer the means to combine cellular behavior with population dynamics in microbial consortia.

Bugs as Drugs

Bugs as Drugs Book
Author : Robert A. Britton,Patrice D. Cani
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-07-02
ISBN : 1555819702
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Examining the enormous potential of microbiome manipulation to improve health Associations between the composition of the intestinal microbiome and many human diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease, cardiovascular disease, metabolic disorders, and cancer, have been elegantly described in the past decade. Now, whole-genome sequencing, bioinformatics, and precision gene-editing techniques are being combined with centuries-old therapies, such as fecal microbiota transplantation, to translate current research into new diagnostics and therapeutics to treat complex diseases. Bugs as Drugs provides a much-needed overview of microbes in therapies and will serve as an excellent resource for scientists and clinicians as they carry out research and clinical studies on investigating the roles the microbiota plays in health and disease. In Bugs as Drugs, editors Robert A. Britton and Patrice D. Cani have assembled a fascinating collection of reviews that chart the history, current efforts, and future prospects of using microorganisms to fight disease and improve health. Sections cover traditional uses of probiotics, next-generation microbial therapeutics, controlling infectious diseases, and indirect strategies for manipulating the host microbiome. Topics presented include: How well-established probiotics support and improve host health by improving the composition of the intestinal microbiota of the host and by modulating the host immune response. The use of gene editing and recombinant DNA techniques to create tailored probiotics and to characterize next-generation beneficial microbes. For example, engineering that improves the anti-inflammatory profile of probiotics can reduce the number of colonic polyps formed, and lactobacilli can be transformed into targeted delivery systems carrying therapeutic proteins or bioengineered bacteriophage. The association of specific microbiota composition with colorectal cancer, liver diseases, osteoporosis, and inflammatory bowel disease. The gut microbiota has been proposed to serve as an organ involved in regulation of inflammation, immune function, and energy homeostasis. Fecal microbiota transplantation as a promising treatment for numerous diseases beyond C. difficile infection. Practical considerations for using fecal microbiota transplantation are provided, while it is acknowledged that more high-quality evidence is needed to ascertain the importance of strain specificity in positive treatment outcomes. Because systems biology approaches and synthetic engineering of microbes are now high-throughput and cost-effective, a much wider range of therapeutic possibilities can be explored and vetted.

Mutagenicity Assays and Applications

Mutagenicity  Assays and Applications Book
Author : Ashutosh Kumar,Vasily N. Dobrovolsky,Alok Dhawan,Rishi Shanker
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-09-26
ISBN : 0128092602
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mutagenicity: Assays and Applications presents an extensive examination of the detection, assessment and future of mutagenicity, particularly as it concerns human health and the environment. Chapters focused on specific types of mutagens or testing methods for their detection collectively explore the current state of human and environmental mutagenesis, future perspectives and regulatory needs. The test procedures for measuring mutagenicity, their advantages and limitations are described with practical and procedural detail, along with their presentation and data processing aspects. It is an essential reference covering the breadth and depth of the field of mutagenicity studies and regulation. By providing both important introductory material and practical assays and applications, this book is useful to graduate students, academic and industry researchers and regulators at various stages of their careers, leading to improved risk assessment and regulation. Presents an up-to-date and in-depth review of the current state of mutagenesis research Draws upon the combined experience and expertise of an international group of highly respected editors and chapter authors Provides an introduction to the concept of mutagenesis with particular consideration given to novel chemicals and materials

Abstracts of the General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology

Abstracts of the     General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology Book
Author : American Society for Microbiology. General Meeting
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Abstracts of the General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology book written by American Society for Microbiology. General Meeting, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Can J Microbiol

Can J Microbiol Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Can J Microbiol book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

In the Wake of the Double Helix

In the Wake of the Double Helix Book
Author : Roberto Tuberosa,Ronald L. Phillips,Mike Gale
Publisher : Avenue Media
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download In the Wake of the Double Helix book written by Roberto Tuberosa,Ronald L. Phillips,Mike Gale, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Genome Research

Genome Research Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Download Genome Research book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Dissertation Abstracts International

Dissertation Abstracts International Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1975
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Dissertation Abstracts International book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.