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High Temperature Processing of Milk and Milk Products

High Temperature Processing of Milk and Milk Products Book
Author : Hilton C. Deeth,Michael J. Lewis
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-03-14
ISBN : 1118460480
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers many aspects of thermal processing of milk and milk products with particular focus on UHT processing. It commences with an overview of the major thermal processing technologies: thermisation, pasteurisation, extended-shelf-life (ESL), UHT and in-container sterilisation. It discusses the principles of the technologies, the processing and packaging equipment used, processing issues such as temperature-time profiles, heat stability, fouling and cleaning, and the quality and safety aspects of the products produced. It provides a balance of the engineering aspects of the processes and the chemical, microbiological and sensory aspects of the products. The changes that occur in products during processing and storage, and the related defects which can arise, are central to the book. The discussions of these changes will be an aid to industry personnel in identifying the causes of quality defects in these products and devising measures which can be taken to eliminate or minimise the defects.

High Temperature Processing of Milk and Milk Products

High Temperature Processing of Milk and Milk Products Book
Author : Hilton C. Deeth,Michael J. Lewis
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-05-08
ISBN : 1118460502
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High Temperature Processing of Milk and Milk Products covers many aspects of thermal processing of milk and milk products with particular focus on UHT processing. The book begins with an overview of the major thermal processing technologies: thermisation, pasteurisation, extended-shelf-life (ESL), UHT and in-container sterilisation. It discusses the principles of the technologies, the processing and packaging equipment used, processing issues such as temperature-time profiles, heat stability, fouling and cleaning, and the quality and safety aspects of the products produced. It provides a balance of the engineering aspects of the processes and the chemical, microbiological and sensory aspects of the products. The changes that occur in products during processing and storage, and the related defects which can arise, are central to the book. The discussions of these changes will be an aid to industry personnel in identifying the causes of quality defects in these products and devising measures which can be taken to eliminate or minimise the defects. A unique feature is a chapter on analytical methodologies applicable to thermally processed dairy products. There are also chapters on high-temperature processed products other than white cows' milk, including products based on plant materials, and on non-thermal technologies which may be used in place of or as adjuncts to thermal processing. The book concludes with a chapter outlining some of the challenges with the technologies and treated products, and a compendium of relevant reviews, chapters and books.

Ultra High Temperature Processing of Milk and Milk Products

Ultra High Temperature Processing of Milk and Milk Products Book
Author : H. Burton
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461521572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book attempts to explain the scientific basis for UHT sterilization and aseptic filling, as well as describe the processes and equipment used. I have tried to avoid producing merely a catalogue of sterilizers and aseptic fillers. Instead I have attempted to explain the principles on which the different types of plant operate, and discuss the factors which influence performance, so that information given by manufac turers may be assessed by readers in relation to their own processing requirements. Statements are generally supported by references. Where no re ference is given, personal experience or my interpretation of the work of others is my justification. Although the book deals mainly with milk and milk products, I hope that the information it contains will be useful to those dealing with other products, since the principles of processing are in general the same. The book is based on more than 30 years' involvement with research into UHT processing and aseptic filling. During this time I have been fortunate to work with and to talk to many people from whom I have learned a great deal. I benefited from conta.cts with Dr T. R. Ashton (England) and Professor H. Hostettler. (Switzerland), who were pioneers in the commercial development of UHT milk. More recently I have been privileged to know and work with research workers in many countries having a common interest in UHT processing. Of these, I should mention particularly Professors E. L. Thomas, V. A.

Essentials of Thermal Processing

Essentials of Thermal Processing Book
Author : Gary Tucker,Susan Featherstone
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-05-04
ISBN : 1119470358
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

ESSENTIALS OF THERMAL PROCESSING Explore this fully updated new edition of a practical reference on food preservation from two leading voices in the industry Among all food preservation methods in use today, thermal processing remains the single most important technique used in the industry. The newly revised Second Edition of Essentials of Thermal Processing delivers a thorough reference on the science and applications of the thermal processing of a wide variety of food products. The book offers readers essential information on the preservation of food products by heat, including high-acid foods and low-acid sterilized foods requiring a full botulinum cook. The accomplished authors—noted experts in their field—discuss all relevant manufacturing steps, from raw material microbiology through the various processing regimes, validation methods, packaging, incubation testing, and spoilage incidents. Two new chapters on temperature and heat distribution, as well as heat penetration of foods, are included. More worked and practical examples are found throughout the book as well. Readers will also benefit from the inclusion of: A thorough introduction to the microbiology of heat processed foods, food preservation techniques, low acid canned foods, and high acid foods An exploration of acidified products, heat extended shelf-life chilled foods, and processing methods Discussions of cooking and process optimization, process validation, and heat penetration and process calculations An examination of cooling and water treatment, how to handle process deviations, and packaging options for heat preserved foods Perfect for professionals working in the food processing and preservation industries, Essentials of Thermal Processing will also earn a place in the libraries of anyone seeking a one-stop reference on the subject of thermal processing for food products.

Improving the Thermal Processing of Foods

Improving the Thermal Processing of Foods Book
Author : P Richardson
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2004-07-30
ISBN : 9781855737303
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It has long been recognised that thermal technologies must ensure the safety of food without compromising food quality.

High Temperature Processing of Food Products

High Temperature Processing of Food Products Book
Author : Seid Mahdi Jafari
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2022-11-01
ISBN : 0128197072
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High-Temperature Processing of Food Products, a volume in the Unit Operations and Processing Equipment in the Food Industry series, explains the processing operations and equipment necessary for high-temperature processing of different food products including frying, baking, roasting, and cooking. These processes and unit operations are very important in terms of achieving favorable sensory properties and energy usage. The book is divided into four sections, "Cooking Operations," "Baking and Roasting Operations," "Thawing Operations," and "Frying Operations". All chapters emphasize the fundamentals of experimental, theoretical, and/or computational applications of food engineering principles and the relevant processing equipment to high-temperature unit operations. Written by experts in the field of food engineering, in a simple and dynamic manner, this book targets industrial engineers working in the field of food processing and in food factories to make them more familiar with food processing operations and equipment. Thoroughly explores the processing operations and equipment necessary for high-temperature processing of different food products Explores various alternatives for high-temperature processing operations, including frying, baking, roasting, and cooking Emphasizes ways to improve the quality and safety of food products with high-temperature processing

Food Biochemistry and Food Processing

Food Biochemistry and Food Processing Book
Author : Benjamin K. Simpson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-04-11
ISBN : 1118308050
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The biochemistry of food is the foundation on which the research and development advances in food biotechnology are built. In Food Biochemistry and Food Processing, Second Edition, the editors have brought together more than fifty acclaimed academicians and industry professionals from around the world to create this fully revised and updated edition. This book is an indispensable reference and text on food biochemistry and the ever increasing developments in the biotechnology of food processing. Beginning with sections on the essential principles of food biochemistry, enzymology, and food processing, the book then takes the reader on commodity-by-commodity discussions of biochemistry of raw materials and product processing. Chapters in this second edition have been revised to include safety considerations and the chemical changes induced by processing in the biomolecules of the selected foodstuffs. This edition also includes a new section on health and functional foods, as well as ten new chapters including those on thermally and minimally processed foods, separation technology in food processing, and food allergens. Food Biochemistry and Food Processing, second edition fully develops and explains the biochemical aspects of food processing, and brings together timely and relevant topics in food science and technology in one package. This book is an invaluable reference tool for professional food scientists, researchers and technologists in the food industry, as well as faculty and students in food science, food technology and food engineering programs. The Editor Dr. Benjamin K. Simpson, Department of Food Science and Agricultural Chemistry, McGill University, Quebec, Canada Associate Editors Professor Leo Nollet, Department of Applied Engineering Sciences, Hogeschool Ghent, Belgium Professor Fidel Toldrá, Instituto de Agroquímica y Tecnología de Alimentos (CSIC), Valencia, Spain Professor Soottawat Benjakul, Department of Food Technology, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand Professor Gopinadhan Paliyath, Department of Plant Agriculture, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada Dr. Y. H. Hui, Consultant to the Food Industry, West Sacramento, California, USA

Aseptic Processing and Packaging of Food and Beverages

Aseptic Processing and Packaging of Food and Beverages Book
Author : Jairus R. D. David,Ralph H. Graves
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1996-02-06
ISBN : 9780849380044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aseptic Processing and Packaging of Food explains how aseptic processing and packaging first began and traces its fascinating progression over the last fifty years. It explores current technologies, discusses why they are used today, and explains why certain basic approaches to critical operations, such as pumping, heat exchange, fluid flow, and controls, must be applied. Commercially used heating and holding concepts are also explained, with emphasis on avoiding problems. This unique book states the technique and method of choice for accurate flow control (timing). It includes an explanation of secondary flow and describes its use to solve many of the heat exchange and fluid flow problems associated with particle-containing products. It also discusses the manufacturers of aseptic packaging equipment, exploring the types of products they produce and the advantages and disadvantages of their product design. Aseptic Processing and Packaging of Food fills in many of the information gaps left by other sources - a must-have reference for anyone working in this area.

Value Addition in Food Products and Processing Through Enzyme Technology

Value Addition in Food Products and Processing Through Enzyme Technology Book
Author : Mohammed Kuddus,Cristobal Noe Aguilar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-12-08
ISBN : 0323903762
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Value Addition in Food Products and Processing using Enzyme Technology offers an updated review regarding the potential impact of new enzymes and enzyme technology on the food sector. The book brings together novel sources and technologies regarding enzymes in value added food development, food production, food processing, food preservation, food engineering and food biotechnology. It will be extremely useful for different types of readers, including food scientists, academic and food biotechnologists, but will also be ideal for students studying food-related courses. This book includes concise and up-to-date research information from multiple independent scientific papers from around the world. This is a essential, multidisciplinary text for research and development professionals, research scientists, and academics in food, biotechnology, and agriculture industries. It addresses safety issues and includes the sources, screening, immobilization and application of food-grade enzymes in food. Presents research data from experts Includes emerging industry topics such as baby food and food safety Offers methodologies of enzymes in diagnostics for food testing and analysis Emphasizes enzyme technology through a microbial biotechnological lens Includes bakery and confectionery products, meat and poultry products, vegetables, food ingredients, functional foods, flavors and food additives and seafood

An Integrated Approach to New Food Product Development

An Integrated Approach to New Food Product Development Book
Author : Howard R. Moskowitz,I. Sam Saguy,Tim Straus
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-06-24
ISBN : 1420065556
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New products often fail not because they are bad products, but because they don't meet consumer expectations or are poorly marketed. In other cases, the marketing is spot on, but the product itself does not perform. These failures drive home the need to understand the market and the consumer in order to deliver a product which fulfills the two equa

Improving the thermal Processing of Foods

Improving the thermal Processing of Foods Book
Author : P Richardson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-07-16
ISBN : 1855739070
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The application of heat is both an important method of preserving foods and a means of developing texture, flavour and colour. It has long been recognised that thermal technologies must ensure the safety of food without compromising food quality. Improving the thermal processing of foods summarises key research both on improving particular thermal processing techniques and measuring their effectiveness. Part one examines how best to optimise thermal processes, with chapters addressing safety and quality, efficiency and productivity and the application of computational fluid dynamics. Part two focuses on developments in technologies for sterilisation and pasteurisation with chapters on modelling retort temperature control and developments in packaging, sous-vide and cook-chill processing. There are chapters covering continuous heat processing, including developments in tubular heat exchangers, aseptic processing and ohmic and air impingement heating. The fourth part considers the validation of thermal processes, modelling heat penetration curves, using data loggers and time-temperature integrators and other new measuring techniques. The final group of chapters detail methods of analysing microbial inactivation in thermal processing and identifying and dealing with heat-resistant bacteria. Improving the thermal processing of foods is a standard reference book for those working in the food processing industry. Concisely explores prevailing developments in thermal technologies Summarises key research for improving food preservation techniques Analyses the effectiveness of methods used to enhance the quality of food

High Pressure Processing of Food

High Pressure Processing of Food Book
Author : V.M. Balasubramaniam,Gustavo V. Barbosa-Cánovas,Huub Lelieveld
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-01-28
ISBN : 1493932349
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High pressure processing technology has been adopted worldwide at the industrial level to preserve a wide variety of food products without using heat or chemical preservatives. High Pressure Processing: Technology Principles and Applications will review the basic technology principles and process parameters that govern microbial safety and product quality, an essential requirement for industrial application. This book will be of interest to scientists in the food industry, in particular to those involved in the processing of products such as meat, fish, fruits, and vegetables. The book will be equally important to food microbiologists and processing specialists in both the government and food industry. Moreover, it will be a valuable reference for authorities involved in the import and export of high pressure treated food products. Finally, this update on the science and technology of high pressure processing will be helpful to all academic, industrial, local, and state educators in their educational efforts, as well as a great resource for graduate students interested in learning about state-of-the-art technology in food engineering.

Introduction to Food Engineering

Introduction to Food Engineering Book
Author : R. Paul Singh,Dennis R. Heldman
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2001-06-29
ISBN : 0080574491
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Food engineering is a required class in food science programs, as outlined by the Institute for Food Technologists (IFT). The concepts and applications are also required for professionals in food processing and manufacturing to attain the highest standards of food safety and quality. The third edition of this successful textbook succinctly presents the engineering concepts and unit operations used in food processing, in a unique blend of principles with applications. The authors use their many years of teaching to present food engineering concepts in a logical progression that covers the standard course curriculum. Each chapter describes the application of a particular principle followed by the quantitative relationships that define the related processes, solved examples, and problems to test understanding. The subjects the authors have selected to illustrate engineering principles demonstrate the relationship of engineering to the chemistry, microbiology, nutrition and processing of foods. Topics incorporate both traditional and contemporary food processing operations.

Saving Energy and Reducing CO2 Emissions with Electricity

Saving Energy and Reducing CO2 Emissions with Electricity Book
Author : Clark Gellings
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-12-17
ISBN : 8770222959
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Through different applications, electricity provides the energy required for light, heat, comfort, and mechanical work. In order to sustain society's expectation for comfort, convenience and productivity, it will remain necessary to continue to seek and find reasonable quantities of energy in forms which are accessible, affordable and have modest or zero environmental impacts. This in turn will call for an international imperative to make existing uses of electricity both efficient and practical. This book will guide the reader toward a clearer vision of that goal, with explanations of the concept of electrification, along with CO2 reductions through expanded end-use applications of electricity. Topics will include electric cars; airport, seaport, railroad and mining electrification; industrial uses of electricity in a variety of processes; residential building use of electricity; and enhancing energy efficiency and demand response.

Food Safety Management

Food Safety Management Book
Author : Tibor Deak
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-01
ISBN : 0128056568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermal treatments of various time–temperature combinations are commonly applied in the food industry for the inactivation or decrease in number of microorganisms in order to manufacture safe products with a long shelf-life. Food processing involves unit operations of heating (e.g. cooking, boiling, blanching) as well as final heat treatments such as pasteurization and sterilization. This chapter outlines the fundamentals of thermal death of microorganisms on which the processes of thermal treatment are based. The first part discusses the kinetics of thermal destruction and heat resistance of microorganisms. Conventional thermal treatments with high temperatures such as widely applied for sterilization in canning, and factors influencing thermal treatment and the concept of commercial sterility will be described. The next part will deal with the methods of milder heat treatment for pasteurization of products often used in combination with additional measures of preservation. The final part of the chapter is devoted to novel non-conventional methods of heat treatment applying electrical techniques to generate heat instead using the traditional wet steam. Combined and non-conventional thermal treatments are being developed to meet consumers’ demand for better preserving natural quality foods while assuring safety. Understanding these concepts is essential for designing and validating measures for the control of biological hazards.

Dioxins and Dioxin like Compounds in the Food Supply

Dioxins and Dioxin like Compounds in the Food Supply Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Food and Nutrition Board,Committee on the Implications of Dioxin in the Food Supply
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2003-12-21
ISBN : 0309089611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dioxin and dioxin-like compounds, or DLCs, are found throughout the environment, in soil, water, and air. People are exposed to these unintentional environmental contaminants primarily through the food supply, although at low levels, particularly by eating animal fat in meat, dairy products, and fish. While the amount of DLCs in the environment has declined since the late 1970s, the public continues to be concerned about the safety of the food supply and the potential adverse health effects of DLC exposure, especially in groups such as developing fetuses and infants, who are more sensitive to the toxic effects of these compounds. Dioxins and Dioxin-like Compounds in the Food Supply: Strategies to Decrease Exposure, recommends policy options to reduce exposure to these contaminants while considering how implementing these options could both reduce health risks and affect nutrition, particularly in sensitive and highly exposed groups, if dietary changes are suggested.

Survey of Food and Nutrition Research in the United States

Survey of Food and Nutrition Research in the United States Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1950
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Survey of Food and Nutrition Research in the United States book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Thermobacteriology in Food Processing

Thermobacteriology in Food Processing Book
Author : C. R. Stumbo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 0080886477
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermobacteriology in Food Processing, Second Edition focuses on the principles involved in sterilization processes for canned goods and pasteurization of foods. The book first ponders on organisms of greatest importance in the spoilage of canned foods and food pasteurization and bacteriological examination of spoiled canned foods. Discussions focus on toxin-producing microorganisms, pathogenic microorganisms, bacteriological examination, classification of spore-bearing bacteria with reference to oxygen requirements, classification of food with respect to acidity, and interpretation of observations. The text then takes a look at contamination and its control, producing, harvesting, and cleaning spores for thermal resistance determinations, and death of bacteria subjected to moist heat. The manuscript tackles thermal resistance of bacteria and thermal process evaluation, including important terms and equations, basic considerations, general method, and conversion of heat penetration data. Topics include change of initial food temperature when the retort temperature remains the same, integrated lethality of heat at all points in the container, heat penetration and processing parameters, and determination of process lethality requirement. The publication is a valuable reference for researchers interested in thermobacteriology in food processing.

Modern Technology on Food Preservation 2nd Edition

Modern Technology on Food Preservation  2nd Edition  Book
Author : NPCS Board
Publisher : ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
Release : 2012-06-02
ISBN : 8178330717
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Food Preservation has become an integral part of the food processing industry. There are various methods of food preservation; drying, canning, freezing, food processing etc. Food processing is one the method of food preservation which is the set of methods and techniques used to transform raw ingredients into food or to transform food into other forms for consumption by humans or animals either in the home or by the food processing industry. Canning is one of the various methods of food preservation in which the food is processed and then sealed in an airtight container. This process prevents microorganisms from entering and proliferating inside. Dehydration is the process of removing water or moisture from a food product. Food dehydration is safe because water is removed from the food. Freezing is also one of the most commonly used processes commercially and domestically for preserving a very wide range of food including prepared food stuffs which would not have required freezing in their unprepared state. Benefits of food processing include toxin removal, preservation, easing marketing and distribution tasks, and increasing food consistency. In addition, it increases seasonal availability of many foods, enables transportation of delicate perishable foods across long distances and makes many kinds of foods safe to eat by deactivating spoilage and pathogenic micro organisms. Nanotechnology exhibits great potential for the food industry. New methods for processing nanostructures are being developed having novel properties that were not previously possible. As such, due to the recent up gradation of preservation techniques, the preservation industry is also growing almost at the same rate as the food industry which is about 10 to 12% per year. The purpose of this book is to present the elements of the technology of food preservation. It deals with the products prepared from various fruits and vegetables commercially. Relevant information on enzymes, colours, additives, flavours, adulteration, etc., has been given. This book also contains photographs of equipments and machineries used in food preservation. This book will be very useful for new entrepreneurs, food technologists, industrialists, libraries etc.

Food Processing

Food Processing Book
Author : Kshirod Kumar Dash,Sourav Chakraborty
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-06-28
ISBN : 1000377687
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Non-thermal operations in food processing are an alternative to thermal operations and similarly aimed at retaining the quality and organoleptic properties of food products. This volume covers different non-thermal processing technologies such as high-pressure processing, ultrasound, ohmic heating, pulse electric field, pulse light, membrane processing, cryogenic freezing, nanofiltration, and cold plasma processing technologies. The book focuses both on fundamentals and on recent advances in non-thermal food processing technologies. It also provides information with the description and results of research into new emerging technologies for both the academy and industry. Key features: Presents engineering focus on non-thermal food processing technologies. Discusses sub-classification for recent trends and relevant industry information/examples. Different current research-oriented results are included as a key parameter. Covers high-pressure processing, pulse electric field, pulse light technology, irradiation, and ultrasonic techniques. Includes mathematical modeling and numerical simulations. Food Processing: Advances in Non-Thermal Technologies is aimed at graduate students, professionals in food engineering, food technology, and biological systems engineering.