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High Temperature Oxidation And Corrosion Of Metals

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High Temperature Oxidation and Corrosion of Metals

High Temperature Oxidation and Corrosion of Metals Book
Author : David John Young
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-10-03
ISBN : 008044587X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book is concerned with understanding the fundamental mechanisms of high temperature alloy oxidation. It uses this understanding to develop methods of predicting oxidation rates and the way they change with temperature, gas chemistry and alloy composition. The focus is on designing (or selecting) alloy compositions which provide optimal resistance to attack by corrosive gases. • Emphasises quantitative calculations for predicting reaction rates and the effects of temperature, oxidant activities and alloy compositions. • Uses phase diagrams and diffusion paths to analyse and interpret scale structures and internal precipitation distributions • Provides a detailed examination of corrosion in industrial gases (water vapour effects, carburisation and metal dusting, sulphidation) • Text is well supported by numerous micrographs, phase diagrams and tabulations of relevant thermodynamic and kinetic data • Combines physical chemistry and materials science methodologies

Introduction to the High Temperature Oxidation of Metals

Introduction to the High Temperature Oxidation of Metals Book
Author : Neil Birks,Gerald H. Meier,Frederick S. Pettit
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2006-03-30
ISBN : 1139449095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A straightforward treatment describing the oxidation processes of metals and alloys at elevated temperatures. This 2006 second edition retains the fundamental theory but incorporates advances made in understanding degradation phenomena. The first half provides an authoritative introduction to the basic principles, covering thermodynamics and mechanisms of high temperature corrosion of metals and alloys. The latter half extends the discussion to oxidation processes in complex systems, from reactions in mixed environments to protective techniques, including coatings and atmosphere control. The authors provide a logical and expert treatment of the subject, producing a revised edition that will be a comprehensive guide to material scientists and engineers requiring an understanding of this elementary process.

High Temperature Corrosion

High Temperature Corrosion Book
Author : A S Khanna
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2016-04-07
ISBN : 9814675245
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This invaluable book reviews the state of the art of high temperature related problems pertaining to their utility, microstructure, mechanical properties, actual behavior in different environments, their protection by various kinds of coatings at high temperatures and a new concept of nanomaterials at high temperatures. The book begins with fundamentals of oxidation and corrosion. Various concepts relating to the modification or deterioration of mechanical properties when material is exposed to an aggressive environment compared to an inert environment or vacuum are also covered. Other chapters highlight the behavior of various advanced materials to high temperature conditions, an important high temperature effect called Active Element Effect, and many high temperature coatings and their behavior. Written by world-renowned authors in their own field, this book will be useful for professionals and academics in materials science and nanoscience. Contents:Fundamentals of High Temperature Oxidation/Corrosion (A S Khanna)Degradation of Mechanical Properties of Materials at High Temperatures in Corrosive Environments (A S Khanna)Materials Development Aiming at High Temperature Strengthening — Steels, Superalloys to ODS Alloys (Shigeharu Ukai)High Temperature Corrosion Problems in Re?neries, Chemical Process Industries and Petrochemical Plants (Pasi Kangas)High Temperature Corrosion Problems in Coal-based Thermal Power Plants (A S Khanna)High Temperature Corrosion Problems in Aircrafts (A S Khanna and Vinod S Agarwala)Coatings for High Temperature Applications (N I Jamnapara and S Mukherjee)Advanced Analytical Tools to Understand High Temperature Materials Degradation — Ion Beam Characterization of Aerospace Materials (Barbara Shollock and David McPhall)Role of Nanotechnology in Combating High Temperature Corrosion (R K Singh Raman, B V Mahesh and Prabhakar Singh)Reactive Element Additions in High Temperature Alloys and Coating (D Naumenko and W J Quadakkers) Readership: Researchers, academics, and professionals in surface science and new materials.

Developments in High Temperature Corrosion and Protection of Materials

Developments in High Temperature Corrosion and Protection of Materials Book
Author : W Gao
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-04-09
ISBN : 1845694252
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High temperature corrosion is a phenomenon that occurs in components that operate at very high temperatures, such as gas turbines, jet engines and industrial plants. Engineers are constantly striving to understand and prevent this type of corrosion. This book examines the latest developments in the understanding of high temperature corrosion processes and protective oxide scales and coatings. Part one looks at high temperature corrosion. Chapters cover diffusion and solid state reactions, external and internal oxidation of alloys, metal dusting corrosion, tribological degradation, hot corrosion, and oxide scales on hot-rolled steel strips. Modern techniques for analysing high temperature oxidation and corrosion are also discussed. Part two discusses methods of protection using ceramics, composites, protective oxide scales and coatings. Chapters focus on layered ternary ceramics, alumina scales, Ti-Al intermetallic compounds, metal matrix composites, chemical vapour deposited silicon carbide, nanocrystalline coatings and thermal barrier coatings. Part three provides case studies illustrating some of the challenges of high temperature corrosion to industry and how they can be overcome. Case studies include the petrochemical industry, modern incinerators and oxidation processing of electronic materials. This book is a valuable reference tool for engineers who develop heat resistant materials, mechanical engineers who design and maintain high temperature equipment and plant, and research scientists and students who study high temperature corrosion and protection of materials. Describes the latest developments in understanding high temperature corrosion Presents the latest research by the leading innovators from around the globe Case studies are provided to illustrate key points

High temperature Oxidation of Metals

High temperature Oxidation of Metals Book
Author : Per Kofstad
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1966
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download High temperature Oxidation of Metals book written by Per Kofstad, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

High Temperature Corrosion and Materials Applications

High Temperature Corrosion and Materials Applications Book
Author : George Y. Lai
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 2007
ISBN : 1615030557
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

George Lai's 1990 book, High-Temperature Corrosion of Engineering Alloys, is recognized as authoritative and is frequently consulted and often cited by those in the industry. His new book, almost double in size with seven more chapters, addresses the new concerns, new technologies, and new materials available for those engaged in high-temperature applications. As we strive for energy efficiency, the realm of high-temperature environments is expanding and the need for information on high temperature materials applications was never greater. In addition to extensive expansion on most of the content of the original book, new topics include erosion and erosion-corrosion, low NOx combustion in coal-fired boilers, fluidized bed combustion, and the special demands of waste-to-energy boilers, waste incinerators, and black liquor recovery boilers in the pulp and paper industry. The corrosion induced by liquid metals is discussed and protection options are presented.

High Temperature Corrosion

High Temperature Corrosion Book
Author : César A. C. Sequeira
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-01-23
ISBN : 0470119888
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reviews the science and engineering of high-temperature corrosion and provides guidelines for selecting the best materials for an array of system processes High-temperature corrosion (HTC) is a widespread problem in an array of industries, including power generation, aerospace, automotive, and mineral and chemical processing, to name a few. This book provides engineers, physicists, and chemists with a balanced presentation of all relevant basic science and engineering aspects of high-temperature corrosion. It covers most HTC types, including oxidation, sulfidation, nitridation, molten salts, fuel-ash corrosion, H2S/H2 corrosion, molten fluoride/HF corrosion, and carburization. It also provides corrosion data essential for making the appropriate choices of candidate materials for high-temperature service in process conditions. A form of corrosion that does not require the presence of liquids, high-temperature corrosion occurs due to the interaction at high temperatures of gases, liquids, or solids with materials. HTC is a subject is of increasing importance in many areas of science and engineering, and students, researchers, and engineers need to be aware of the nature of the processes that occur in high-temperature materials and equipment in common use today, especially in the chemical, gas, petroleum, electric power, metal manufacturing, automotive, and nuclear industries. Provides engineers and scientists with the essential data needed to make the most informed decisions on materials selection Includes up-to-date information accompanied by more than 1,000 references, 80% of which from within the past fifteen years Includes details on systems of critical engineering importance, especially the corrosion induced by low-energy radionuclides Includes practical guidelines for testing and research in HTC, along with both the European and International Standards for high-temperature corrosion engineering Offering balanced, in-depth coverage of the fundamental science behind and engineering of HTC, High Temperature Corrosion: Fundamentals and Engineering is a valuable resource for academic researchers, students, and professionals in the material sciences, solid state physics, solid state chemistry, electrochemistry, metallurgy, and mechanical, chemical, and structural engineers.

Introduction to High Temperature Oxidation and Corrosion

Introduction to High Temperature Oxidation and Corrosion Book
Author : A. S. Khanna
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 2002-01-01
ISBN : 0871707624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text for graduate and post graduate students covers fundamentals of high temperature corrosion and related topics. Early chapters cover the thermodynamics and kinetics of oxidation and defect structure of oxides and diffusion in oxides, and later chapters cover thin and thick layer oxidation, o

The Role of Active Elements in the Oxidation Behaviour of High Temperature Metals and Alloys

The Role of Active Elements in the Oxidation Behaviour of High Temperature Metals and Alloys Book
Author : E. Lang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400911475
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metals and alloys rely for their application at high temperature on the formation and retention of oxide scales, which act as a barrier between the metallic substrate and the reactive species in the environment such as 0, S, N, C, Cl, etc. This protection concept requires that the oxide grows slowly, develops a dense, uniform layer, is well adherent, has sufficient ductility to accom modate plastic deformation of the substrate and is resistant to thermal cycling. For many years it has been known that small concentrations of certain "active elements" such as Y and the rare earths, as well as carbon and sulphur, can exercise a significant influence upon the oxidation! corrosion behaviour of high temperature metals and alloys. An increasing number of experimental studies on this topic have been published recently. However no generally accepted understanding with regard to the detailed mechanisms and the way in which alloy composition and structure, temperature and environmental conditions, etc., are interacting has yet been achieved, although many - often controversial - theories and ideas have been presented. It therefore seemed to be an appropriate time to bring together a group of experts to review and evaluate the current state-of-the-art and to discuss various aspects of this important topic.

Corrosion Mechanisms

Corrosion Mechanisms Book
Author : Florian B. Mansfeld
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-11-25
ISBN : 1000103420
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the mechanisms that have been proposed for the main corrosion phenomena, providing a thorough discussion of the pros and cons of the various corrosion mechanisms with support by experimental and theoretical results.

High Temperature Coatings

High Temperature Coatings Book
Author : Sudhangshu Bose
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-04-01
ISBN : 9780080469553
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High Temperature Coatings demonstrates how to counteract the thermal effects of the rapid corrosion and degradation of exposed materials and equipment that can occur under high operating temperatures. This is the first true practical guide on the use of thermally-protective coatings for high-temperature applications, including the latest developments in materials used for protective coatings. It covers the make-up and behavior of such materials under thermal stress and the methods used for applying them to specific types of substrates, as well as invaluable advice on inspection and repair of existing thermal coatings. With his long experience in the aerospace gas turbine industry, the author has compiled the very latest in coating materials and coating technologies, as well as hard-to-find guidance on maintaining and repairing thermal coatings, including appropriate inspection protocols. The book will be supplemented with the latest reference information and additional support for finding more application-type and industry-type coatings specifications and uses, with help for the reader in finding more detailed information on a specific type of coating or a specific type of use. · Offers overview of the underlying fundamental concepts of thermally-protective coatings, including thermodynamics, energy kinetics, crystallography, and equilibrium phases · Covers essential chemistry and physics of underlying substrates, including steels, nickel-iron alloys, nickel-cobalt alloys, and titanium alloys · Provides detailed guidance on wide variety of coating types, including those used against high temperature corrosion and oxidative degradation, as well as thermal barrier coatings

Corrosion Inhibitors in the Oil and Gas Industry

Corrosion Inhibitors in the Oil and Gas Industry Book
Author : Viswanathan S. Saji,Saviour A. Umoren
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-02-10
ISBN : 3527822135
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides comprehensive coverage of corrosion inhibitors in the oil and gas industries Considering the high importance of corrosion inhibitor development for the oil and gas sectors, this book provides a thorough overview of the most recent advancements in this field. It systematically addresses corrosion inhibitors for various applications in the oil and gas value chain, as well as the fundamentals of corrosion inhibition and interference of inhibitors with co-additives. Corrosion Inhibitors in the Oil and Gas Industries is presented in three parts. The first part on Fundamentals and Approaches focuses on principles and processes in the oil and gas industry, the types of corrosion encountered and their control methods, environmental factors affecting inhibition, material selection strategies, and economic aspects of corrosion. The second part on Choice of Inhibitors examines corrosion inhibitors for acidizing processes, inhibitors for sweet and sour corrosion, inhibitors in refinery operations, high-temperature corrosion inhibitors, inhibitors for challenging corrosive environments, inhibitors for microbiologically influenced corrosion, polymeric inhibitors, vapor phase inhibitors, and smart controlled release inhibitor systems. The last part on Interaction with Co-additives looks at industrial co-additives and their interference with corrosion inhibitors such as antiscalants, hydrate inhibitors, and sulfide scavengers. -Presents a well-structured and systematic overview of the fundamentals and factors affecting corrosion -Acts as a handy reference tool for scientists and engineers working with corrosion inhibitors for the oil and gas industries -Collectively presents all the information available on the development and application of corrosion inhibitors for the oil and gas industries -Offers a unique and specific focus on the oil and gas industries Corrosion Inhibitors in the Oil and Gas Industries is an excellent resource for scientists in industry as well as in academia working in the field of corrosion protection for the oil and gas sectors, and will appeal to materials scientists, electrochemists, chemists, and chemical engineers.

High temperature Corrosion of Engineering Alloys

High temperature Corrosion of Engineering Alloys Book
Author : G. Y. Lai
Publisher : Asm International
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The purpose of this book is to provide engineers with extensive up-to-date high-temperature corrosion data pertinent to real industrial problems. The focus is on commercial alloys and deals with oxidation; carburization and metal dusting; nitridation; halogen corrosion; sulfidation; ash/salt deposit corrosion; molten salt corrosion; molten metal corrosion.

High Temperature Corrosion

High Temperature Corrosion Book
Author : Zaki Ahmad
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-09-07
ISBN : 9535125079
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High temperature corrosion is an extremely important area of corrosion as it causes the failure of high temperature equipment in process industry and power generation. Every engineer is required to obtain a basic knowledge of high temperature corrosion to prevent the colossal damage caused by it. This book contains chapters ranging from basic to advance topics to create an understanding of high temperature of various metals and alloys. With the emerging technologies such as nanotechnology, their role in controlling high temperature corrosion needs to be comprehended and new techniques developed to control high temperature corrosion. It is hoped that this book would fulfill these objectives and aspirations of the readers. Note from the publisher: It is with great sadness and regret that we inform the contributing authors and future readers of this book that the Editor, Prof. Zaki Ahmad passed away shortly after finishing the book and before having a chance to see its publication. Prof. Ahmad was InTech's long term collaborator and edited his first book with us in 2011 (''Recent Trends in Processing and Degradation of Aluminium Alloys''). The book ''High Temperature Corrosion'' was his fourth edited volume. The fruitful collaboration continued until his final days when he was acting as a co-editor on a book ''Wastewater Treatment and Resource Recovery''. We would like to acknowledge Dr. Zaki Ahmad's contribution to open access scientific publishing, which he made during 6 years of dedicated work on edited volumes and express our gratitude for his pleasant cooperation with us.

Introduction to the High Temperature Oxidation of Metals

Introduction to the High Temperature Oxidation of Metals Book
Author : Neil Birks,Gerald H. Meier,Frederick S. Pettit
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2009-07-16
ISBN : 9780521485173
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A straightforward treatment describing the oxidation processes of metals and alloys at elevated temperatures. This 2006 second edition retains the fundamental theory but incorporates advances made in understanding degradation phenomena. The first half provides an authoritative introduction to the basic principles, covering thermodynamics and mechanisms of high temperature corrosion of metals and alloys. The latter half extends the discussion to oxidation processes in complex systems, from reactions in mixed environments to protective techniques, including coatings and atmosphere control. The authors provide a logical and expert treatment of the subject, producing a revised edition that will be a comprehensive guide to material scientists and engineers requiring an understanding of this elementary process.

Aerospace Alloys

Aerospace Alloys Book
Author : Stefano Gialanella,Alessio Malandruccolo
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-30
ISBN : 3030244407
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents an up-to-date overview on the main classes of metallic materials currently used in aeronautical structures and propulsion engines and discusses other materials of potential interest for structural aerospace applications. The coverage encompasses light alloys such as aluminum-, magnesium-, and titanium-based alloys, including titanium aluminides; steels; superalloys; oxide dispersion strengthened alloys; refractory alloys; and related systems such as laminate composites. In each chapter, materials properties and relevant technological aspects, including processing, are presented. Individual chapters focus on coatings for gas turbine engines and hot corrosion of alloys and coatings. Readers will also find consideration of applications in aerospace-related fields. The book takes full account of the impact of energy saving and environmental issues on materials development, reflecting the major shifts that have occurred in the motivations guiding research efforts into the development of new materials systems. Aerospace Alloys will be a valuable reference for graduate students on materials science and engineering courses and will also provide useful information for engineers working in the aerospace, metallurgical, and energy production industries.

Application of Particle and Laser Beams in Materials Technology

Application of Particle and Laser Beams in Materials Technology Book
Author : P. Misaelides
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1995-01-31
ISBN : 9780792333241
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development of advanced materials with preselected properties is one of the main goals of materials research. Of especial interest are electronics, high-temperature and superhard materials for various applications, as well as alloys with improved wear, corrosion and mechanical resistance properties. The technical challenge connected with the production of these materials is not only associated with the development of new specialised preparation techniques but also with quality control. The energetic charged particle, electron and photon beams offer the possibility of modifying the properties of the near-surface regions of materials without seriously affecting their bulk, and provide unique analytical tools for testing their quality. Application of Particle and Laser Beams in Materials Technology provides an overview of this rapidly expanding field. Fundamental aspects concerning the interactions and collisions on atomic, nuclear and solid state scale are presented in a didactic way, along with the application of a variety of techniques for the solution of problems ranging from the development of electronics materials to corrosion research and from archaeometry to environmental protection. The book is divided into six thematic units: Fundamentals, Surface Analysis Techniques, Laser Beams in Materials Technology, Accelerator-Based Techniques in Materials Technology, Materials Modification and Synchrotron Radiation.

Oxidation of Metals

Oxidation of Metals Book
Author : Karl Hauffe
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1468489208
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the translation, the author had the opportunity to re view several chapters, taking into consideration the more recent literature. As far as possible all new theoretical concepts and experi mental data published before 1963 have been quoted and discussed under the theoretical viewpoint of this book. A new chapter "Passivity and Inhibition During High-Tempera ture Oxidation" was introduced. Section 4.8 was enlarged by a dis cussion of the transition from internal to external oxidation. The author very much appreciates the cooperation of the trans lator and of Plenum Press. Gottingen, April 1.965 Karl Hauffe v Preface The number of publications concerned with oxidation and cor rosion processes has become so copious that many engineers and scientists find it practically impossible to obtain an overall view of the growing body of knowledge and to bring order to the confusing multiplicity of experimental data. As a result the need for a compre hensive survey of the present state of research in this field has be come more and more urgent.

Mechanisms of High Temperature Corrosion

Mechanisms of High Temperature Corrosion Book
Author : Pierre Sarrazin,Alain Galerie,Jacques Fouletier
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2008-02-01
ISBN : 3038132454
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The oxidation of metals is, by definition, a reaction between a gas and a solid which usually produces a solid reaction product. At first glance, this would therefore seem to be a very simple process but, in fact, it is considerably more complex. One would like to think that the reaction product, i.e., the scale that forms on the metal, acts as a physical barrier between the reactants, and that the reaction should thus cease once the barrier is established. We know that this is unfortunately not the case, because transport of matter through the scale allows the reaction to continue. We also know that, because of density-differences between the metal and its oxide, the scale may not be sufficiently complete in coverage or may not adhere to the substrate because of cracking, spalling and detachment (wrinkling). In some extreme cases, the scale may even be a liquid which simply drips from the surface, or it may volatilize at operational temperatures. The reaction between a gas and a metal is truly very complicated.

Corrosion

Corrosion Book
Author : L L Shreir
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483164101
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Corrosion, Volume 1: Metal/Environment Reactions is concerned with the subject of corrosion, with emphasis on the control of the environmental interactions of metals and alloys used as materials of construction. Corrosion is treated as a synthesis of corrosion science and corrosion engineering. This volume is comprised of nine chapters; the first of which provides an overview of the principles of corrosion and oxidation, with emphasis on the electrochemical mechanism of corrosion and how the kinetics of cathodic and anodic partial reactions control the rate of overall corrosion reaction. Attention then turns to the effects of environmental factors such as concentration, velocity, and temperature based on the assumption that either the anodic or cathodic reaction, but not both, is rate-controlling. The corrosion of ferrous and non-ferrous metals and alloys, as well as rarer and noble metals, is considered. The reader is also introduced to high-temperature corrosion and mechanical factors that affect corrosion. This book concludes with topics of electrochemistry and metallurgy relevant to corrosion, including the nature of the electrified interface between the metal and the solution; charge transfer across the interface under equilibrium and non-equilibrium conditions; overpotential and the rate of an electrode reaction; and the hydrogen evolution reaction and hydrogen absorption by ferrous alloys. This book will be of value to students as well as workers and engineers in the field of corrosion.