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Hierarchical Materials Informatics

Hierarchical Materials Informatics Book
Author : Surya R. Kalidindi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-08-06
ISBN : 012410455X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Custom design, manufacture, and deployment of new high performance materials for advanced technologies is critically dependent on the availability of invertible, high fidelity, structure-property-processing (SPP) linkages. Establishing these linkages presents a major challenge because of the need to cover unimaginably large dimensional spaces. Hierarchical Materials Informatics addresses objective, computationally efficient, mining of large ensembles of experimental and modeling datasets to extract this core materials knowledge. Furthermore, it aims to organize and present this high value knowledge in highly accessible forms to end users engaged in product design and design for manufacturing efforts. As such, this emerging field has a pivotal role in realizing the goals outlined in current strategic national initiatives such as the Materials Genome Initiative (MGI) and the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership (AMP). This book presents the foundational elements of this new discipline as it relates to the design, development, and deployment of hierarchical materials critical to advanced technologies. Addresses a critical gap in new materials research and development by presenting a rigorous statistical framework for the quantification of microstructure Contains several case studies illustrating the use of modern data analytic tools on microstructure datasets (both experimental and modeling)

Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures

Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures Book
Author : Krishnan K. Sankaran,Rajiv S. Mishra
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-06-14
ISBN : 0128120258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures covers the fundamentals of processing-microstructure-property relationships and how multiple properties are balanced and optimized in materials with hierarchical microstructures widely used in critical applications. The discussion is based principally on metallic materials used in aircraft structures; however, because they have sufficiently diverse microstructures, the underlying principles can easily be extended to other materials systems. With the increasing microstructural complexity of structural materials, it is important for students, academic researchers and practicing engineers to possess the knowledge of how materials are optimized and how they will behave in service. The book integrates aspects of computational materials science, physical metallurgy, alloy design, process design, and structure-properties relationships, in a manner not done before. It fills a knowledge gap in the interrelationships of multiple microstructural and deformation mechanisms by applying the concepts and tools of designing microstructures for achieving combinations of engineering properties—such as strength, corrosion resistance, durability and damage tolerance in multi-component materials—used for critical structural applications. Discusses the science behind the properties and performance of advanced metallic materials Provides for the efficient design of materials and processes to satisfy targeted performance in materials and structures Enables the selection and development of new alloys for specific applications based upon evaluation of their microstructure as illustrated in this work

Architecting Robust Co Design of Materials Products and Manufacturing Processes

Architecting Robust Co Design of Materials  Products  and Manufacturing Processes Book
Author : Anand Balu Nellippallil,Janet K. Allen,B. P. Gautham,Amarendra K. Singh,Farrokh Mistree
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-06-13
ISBN : 3030453243
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores systems-based, co-design, introducing a “Decision-Based, Co-Design” (DBCD) approach for the co-design of materials, products, and processes. In recent years there have been significant advances in modeling and simulation of material behavior, from the smallest atomic scale to the macro scale. However, the uncertainties associated with these approaches and models across different scales need to be addressed to enable decision-making resulting in designs that are robust, that is, relatively insensitive to uncertainties. An approach that facilitates co-design is needed across material, product design and manufacturing processes. This book describes a cloud-based platform to support decisions in the design of engineered systems (CB-PDSIDES), which feature an architecture that promotes co-design through the servitization of decision-making, knowledge capture and use templates that allow previous solutions to be reused. Placing the platform in the cloud aids mass collaboration and open innovation. A valuable reference resource reference on all areas related to the design of materials, products and processes, the book appeals to material scientists, design engineers and all those involved in the emerging interdisciplinary field of integrated computational materials engineering (ICME).

Computational Materials System Design

Computational Materials System Design Book
Author : Dongwon Shin,James Saal
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-10
ISBN : 3319682806
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides state-of-the-art computational approaches for accelerating materials discovery, synthesis, and processing using thermodynamics and kinetics. The authors deliver an overview of current practical computational tools for materials design in the field. They describe ways to integrate thermodynamics and kinetics and how the two can supplement each other.

Handbook On Big Data And Machine Learning In The Physical Sciences In 2 Volumes

Handbook On Big Data And Machine Learning In The Physical Sciences  In 2 Volumes  Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2020-03-10
ISBN : 9811204586
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This compendium provides a comprehensive collection of the emergent applications of big data, machine learning, and artificial intelligence technologies to present day physical sciences ranging from materials theory and imaging to predictive synthesis and automated research. This area of research is among the most rapidly developing in the last several years in areas spanning materials science, chemistry, and condensed matter physics.Written by world renowned researchers, the compilation of two authoritative volumes provides a distinct summary of the modern advances in instrument — driven data generation and analytics, establishing the links between the big data and predictive theories, and outlining the emerging field of data and physics-driven predictive and autonomous systems.

Materials Informatics

Materials Informatics Book
Author : Olexandr Isayev,Alexander Tropsha,Stefano Curtarolo
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-08-14
ISBN : 3527802274
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides everything readers need to know for applying the power of informatics to materials science There is a tremendous interest in materials informatics and application of data mining to materials science. This book is a one-stop guide to the latest advances in these emerging fields. Bridging the gap between materials science and informatics, it introduces readers to up-to-date data mining and machine learning methods. It also provides an overview of state-of-the-art software and tools. Case studies illustrate the power of materials informatics in guiding the experimental discovery of new materials. Materials Informatics: Methods, Tools and Applications is presented in two parts?Methodological Aspects of Materials Informatics and Practical Aspects and Applications. The first part focuses on developments in software, databases, and high-throughput computational activities. Chapter topics include open quantum materials databases; the ICSD database; open crystallography databases; and more. The second addresses the latest developments in data mining and machine learning for materials science. Its chapters cover genetic algorithms and crystal structure prediction; MQSPR modeling in materials informatics; prediction of materials properties; amongst others. -Bridges the gap between materials science and informatics -Covers all the known methodologies and applications of materials informatics -Presents case studies that illustrate the power of materials informatics in guiding the experimental quest for new materials -Examines the state-of-the-art software and tools being used today Materials Informatics: Methods, Tools and Applications is a must-have resource for materials scientists, chemists, and engineers interested in the methods of materials informatics.

Homogenization and materials design of mechanical properties of textured materials based on zeroth first and second order bounds of linear behavior

Homogenization and materials design of mechanical properties of textured materials based on zeroth   first  and second order bounds of linear behavior Book
Author : Lobos Fernández, Mauricio
Publisher : KIT Scientific Publishing
Release : 2018-07-09
ISBN : 3731507706
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Homogenization and materials design of mechanical properties of textured materials based on zeroth first and second order bounds of linear behavior book written by Lobos Fernández, Mauricio, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Scientific Modeling and Simulations

Scientific Modeling and Simulations Book
Author : Sidney Yip,Tomas Diaz Rubia
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-04-07
ISBN : 1402097417
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although computational modeling and simulation of material deformation was initiated with the study of structurally simple materials and inert environments, there is an increasing demand for predictive simulation of more realistic material structure and physical conditions. In particular, it is recognized that applied mechanical force can plausibly alter chemical reactions inside materials or at material interfaces, though the fundamental reasons for this chemomechanical coupling are studied in a material-speci c manner. Atomistic-level s- ulations can provide insight into the unit processes that facilitate kinetic reactions within complex materials, but the typical nanosecond timescales of such simulations are in contrast to the second-scale to hour-scale timescales of experimentally accessible or technologically relevant timescales. Further, in complex materials these key unit processes are “rare events” due to the high energy barriers associated with those processes. Examples of such rare events include unbinding between two proteins that tether biological cells to extracellular materials [1], unfolding of complex polymers, stiffness and bond breaking in amorphous glass bers and gels [2], and diffusive hops of point defects within crystalline alloys [3].

Proceedings of the 3rd World Congress on Integrated Computational Materials Engineering ICME

Proceedings of the 3rd World Congress on Integrated Computational Materials Engineering  ICME  Book
Author : Warren Poole,Steve Christensen,Surya Kalidindi,Alan A. Luo,Jonathan Madison,Dierk Raabe,Xin Sun
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-05-08
ISBN : 111913952X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book represents a collection of papers presented at the 3rd World Congress on Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME), a specialty conference organized by The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS), and held in Colorado Springs, Colorado, May 31 - June 4, 2015. This meeting convened ICME stakeholders to examine topics relevant to the global advancement of ICME as an engineering discipline. The 42 papers presented in these proceedings are divided into six sections: (1) ICME Applications; (2) ICME Building Blocks; (3) ICME Success Stories and Applications (4) Integration of ICME Building Blocks: Multi-scale Modeling; (5) Modeling, Data and Infrastructure Tools, and (6) Process Optimization. The papers represent a cross section of the presentations and discussions from the conference. These papers are intended to further the global implementation of ICME, broaden the variety of applications to which ICME is applied, and ultimately help industry design and produce new materials more efficiently and effectively.

Advances in Computational Plasticity

Advances in Computational Plasticity Book
Author : Eugenio Oñate,Djordje Peric,Eduardo de Souza Neto,Michele Chiumenti
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-09-09
ISBN : 3319608851
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together some 20 chapters on state-of-the-art research in the broad field of computational plasticity with applications in civil and mechanical engineering, metal forming processes, geomechanics, nonlinear structural analysis, composites, biomechanics and multi-scale analysis of materials, among others. The chapters are written by world leaders in the different fields of computational plasticity.

Integrated Computational Materials Engineering ICME for Metals

Integrated Computational Materials Engineering  ICME  for Metals Book
Author : Mark F. Horstemeyer
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-06-07
ISBN : 1118342658
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

State-of-the-technology tools for designing, optimizing, and manufacturing new materials Integrated computational materials engineering (ICME) uses computational materials science tools within a holistic system in order to accelerate materials development, improve design optimization, and unify design and manufacturing. Increasingly, ICME is the preferred paradigm for design, development, and manufacturing of structural products. Written by one of the world's leading ICME experts, this text delivers a comprehensive, practical introduction to the field, guiding readers through multiscale materials processing modeling and simulation with easy-to-follow explanations and examples. Following an introductory chapter exploring the core concepts and the various disciplines that have contributed to the development of ICME, the text covers the following important topics with their associated length scale bridging methodologies: Macroscale continuum internal state variable plasticity and damage theory and multistage fatigue Mesoscale analysis: continuum theory methods with discrete features and methods Discrete dislocation dynamics simulations Atomistic modeling methods Electronics structures calculations Next, the author provides three chapters dedicated to detailed case studies, including "From Atoms to Autos: A Redesign of a Cadillac Control Arm," that show how the principles and methods of ICME work in practice. The final chapter examines the future of ICME, forecasting the development of new materials and engineering structures with the help of a cyberinfrastructure that has been recently established. Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) for Metals is recommended for both students and professionals in engineering and materials science, providing them with new state-of-the-technology tools for selecting, designing, optimizing, and manufacturing new materials. Instructors who adopt this text for coursework can take advantage of PowerPoint lecture notes, a questions and solutions manual, and tutorials to guide students through the models and codes discussed in the text.

Integrated Design of Multiscale Multifunctional Materials and Products

Integrated Design of Multiscale  Multifunctional Materials and Products Book
Author : David L. McDowell,Jitesh Panchal,Hae-Jin Choi,Carolyn Seepersad,Janet Allen,Farrokh Mistree
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2009-09-30
ISBN : 9780080952208
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Integrated Design of Multiscale, Multifunctional Materials and Products is the first of its type to consider not only design of materials, but concurrent design of materials and products. In other words, materials are not just selected on the basis of properties, but the composition and/or microstructure iw designed to satisfy specific ranged sets of performance requirements. This book presents the motivation for pursuing concurrent design of materials and products, thoroughly discussing the details of multiscale modeling and multilevel robust design and provides details of the design methods/strategies along with selected examples of designing material attributes for specified system performance. It is intended as a monograph to serve as a foundational reference for instructors of courses at the senior and introductory graduate level in departments of materials science and engineering, mechanical engineering, aerospace engineering and civil engineering who are interested in next generation systems-based design of materials. First of its kind to consider not only design of materials, but concurrent design of materials and products Treatment of uncertainty via robust design of materials Integrates the "materials by design approach" of Olson/Ques Tek LLC with the "materials selection" approach of Ashby/Granta Distinquishes the processes of concurrent design of materials and products as an overall systems design problem from the field of multiscale modeling Systematic mathematical algorithms and methods are introduced for robust design of materials, rather than ad hoc heuristics--it is oriented towards a true systems approach to design of materials and products

Medical Informatics and Data Analysis

Medical Informatics and Data Analysis Book
Author : Pentti Nieminen
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-03-02
ISBN : 3036500987
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During recent years, the use of advanced data analysis methods has increased in clinical and epidemiological research. This book emphasizes the practical aspects of new data analysis methods, and provides insight into new challenges in biostatistics, epidemiology, health sciences, dentistry, and clinical medicine. This book provides a readable text, giving advice on the reporting of new data analytical methods and data presentation. The book consists of 13 articles. Each article is self-contained and may be read independently according to the needs of the reader. The book is essential reading for postgraduate students as well as researchers from medicine and other sciences where statistical data analysis plays a central role.

Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials

Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Informatics for Materials Science and Engineering

Informatics for Materials Science and Engineering Book
Author : Krishna Rajan
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2013-07-10
ISBN : 012394614X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials informatics: a ‘hot topic’ area in materials science, aims to combine traditionally bio-led informatics with computational methodologies, supporting more efficient research by identifying strategies for time- and cost-effective analysis. The discovery and maturation of new materials has been outpaced by the thicket of data created by new combinatorial and high throughput analytical techniques. The elaboration of this "quantitative avalanche"—and the resulting complex, multi-factor analyses required to understand it—means that interest, investment, and research are revisiting informatics approaches as a solution. This work, from Krishna Rajan, the leading expert of the informatics approach to materials, seeks to break down the barriers between data management, quality standards, data mining, exchange, and storage and analysis, as a means of accelerating scientific research in materials science. This solutions-based reference synthesizes foundational physical, statistical, and mathematical content with emerging experimental and real-world applications, for interdisciplinary researchers and those new to the field. Identifies and analyzes interdisciplinary strategies (including combinatorial and high throughput approaches) that accelerate materials development cycle times and reduces associated costs Mathematical and computational analysis aids formulation of new structure-property correlations among large, heterogeneous, and distributed data sets Practical examples, computational tools, and software analysis benefits rapid identification of critical data and analysis of theoretical needs for future problems

Data Intensive Science

Data Intensive Science Book
Author : Terence Critchlow,Kerstin Kleese van Dam
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 100075569X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Data-intensive science has the potential to transform scientific research and quickly translate scientific progress into complete solutions, policies, and economic success. But this collaborative science is still lacking the effective access and exchange of knowledge among scientists, researchers, and policy makers across a range of disciplines. Br

Informatics and the Digital Society

Informatics and the Digital Society Book
Author : Tom J. van Weert,Robert K. Munro
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003-02-28
ISBN : 9781402073632
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

SECIII-Social, Ethical and Cognitive Issues of Informatics and ICT Welcome to the post-conference book of SECIII, the IFIP Open Conference on Social, Ethical and Cognitive Issues of Informatics and ICT (Information and Communication Technology) which took place from July 22-26, 2002 at the University of Dortmund, Germany, in co-operation with the German computer society (Gesellschaft flir Informatik). Unlike most international conferences, those organised within the IFIP education community are active events. This wasn't a dry academic conference - teachers, lecturers and curriculum experts, policy makers, researchers and manufacturers mingled and worked together to explore, reflect and discuss social, ethical and cognitive issues. The added value lies in what they, the participants, took away in new ideas for future research and practice, and in the new networks that were formed, both virtual and real. In addition to Keynote Addresses and Paper Presentations from international authors, there were Provocative Paper sessions, Case Studies, Focussed Debates and Creative Exchange sessions as well as professional Working Groups who debated particular themes. The Focussed Debate sessions helped to stimulate the sense of engagement among conference participants. A Market Place with follow-up Working Groups was a positive highlight and galvanised participants to produce interesting reports. These were presented to the conference on its last day. Cross-fertilisation between the papers generated some surprising and useful cross-referencing and a plethora of social, ethical and cognitive issues emerged in the discussions that followed the paper presentations.

Computational Approaches to Materials Design Theoretical and Practical Aspects

Computational Approaches to Materials Design  Theoretical and Practical Aspects Book
Author : Datta, Shubhabrata,Davim, J. Paulo
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2016-06-16
ISBN : 1522502912
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development of new and superior materials is beneficial within industrial settings, as well as a topic of academic interest. By using computational modeling techniques, the probable application and performance of these materials can be easily evaluated. Computational Approaches to Materials Design: Theoretical and Practical Aspects brings together empirical research, theoretical concepts, and the various approaches in the design and discovery of new materials. Highlighting optimization tools and soft computing methods, this publication is a comprehensive collection for researchers, both in academia and in industrial settings, and practitioners who are interested in the application of computational techniques in the field of materials engineering.

Introduction to Computational Materials Science

Introduction to Computational Materials Science Book
Author : Richard LeSar
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2013-03-28
ISBN : 0521845874
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emphasising essential methods and universal principles, this textbook provides everything students need to understand the basics of simulating materials behavior. All the key topics are covered from electronic structure methods to microstructural evolution, appendices provide crucial background material, and a wealth of practical resources are available online to complete the teaching package. Modeling is examined at a broad range of scales, from the atomic to the mesoscale, providing students with a solid foundation for future study and research. Detailed, accessible explanations of the fundamental equations underpinning materials modelling are presented, including a full chapter summarising essential mathematical background. Extensive appendices, including essential background on classical and quantum mechanics, electrostatics, statistical thermodynamics and linear elasticity, provide the background necessary to fully engage with the fundamentals of computational modelling. Exercises, worked examples, computer codes and discussions of practical implementations methods are all provided online giving students the hands-on experience they need.

A Quantum Approach to Alloy Design

A Quantum Approach to Alloy Design Book
Author : Masahiko Morinaga
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-16
ISBN : 0128147075
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A Quantum Approach to Alloy Design: An Exploration of Material Design and Development Based Upon Alloy Design Theory and Atomization Energy Method presents a molecular orbital approach to alloy design that is based on electronic structure calculations using the DV-X alpha cluster method and new alloying parameters obtained from these calculations. Topics discussed include alloy properties, such as corrosion resistance, shape memory effect and super-elasticity that are treated by using alloying parameters in biomedical titanium alloys. This book covers various topics of not only metals and alloys, but also metal oxides, hydrides and even hydrocarbons. In addition, important alloy properties, such as strength, corrosion resistance, hydrogen storage and catalysis are treated in view of electron theory. Presents alloy design theory and the atomization-energy method and its use for the fundamental understanding of materials and materials design and development Discusses, for the first time, the atomization-energy analysis of the local lattice strains introduced around alloying elements in metals Illustrates a simplified approach to predict the structure and phases stability of new alloys/materials