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Heterogeneous Photocatalysis

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Heterogeneous Photocatalysis

Heterogeneous Photocatalysis Book
Author : M. Schiavello
Publisher : John Wiley & Son Limited
Release : 1997-10-09
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Photocatalysis is a reaction which is accelerated by light while a heterogeneous reaction consists of two phases ( a solid and a liquid for example). Heterogeneous Photocatalysis is a fast developing science which to date has not been fully detailed in a monograph. This title discusses the basic principles of heterogeneous photocatalysis and describes the bulk and surface properties of semiconductors. Applications of various types of photoreactions are described and the problems related to the modeling and design of photoreactors are covered.

Heterogeneous Photocatalysis

Heterogeneous Photocatalysis Book
Author : Giuseppe Marcì,Leonardo Palmisano
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-02-21
ISBN : 0444640169
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heterogeneous Photocatalysis: Relationships with Heterogeneous Catalysis and Perspectives highlights the differences between thermal-catalysis and photo-catalysis and indicates borderlines, in particular, the possible synergism between them. The book outlines the basic aspect of thermal- and photo-catalysis, along with the most important characterization techniques. In addition, it presents case studies of thermal-catalytic and photo-catalytic or thermal-photo-catalytic reactions and includes a comparison between the results obtained using an inorganic solid as thermal catalyst and photocatalyst for the same reaction, and in the same setup. Final sections offer information on the preparation methods of (photo)catalysts, various techniques used for their characterization, engineering and economical aspects. This book will be a valuable reference source for students and researchers involved in heterogeneous photocatalysis and catalysis, chemistry, chemical engineering, materials science, materials engineering, environment engineering, nanotechnology and green chemistry. Provides selective methods for the preparation of microcrystalline/nanocrystalline solids or films used in catalytic and photocatalytic processes Describes (photo)reactions that can be carried out catalytically and/or photocatalytically Outlines the different mechanisms, yields and experimental conditions under which photocatalytic reactions can take place Describes various (photo)reactors and set ups under which the photacatalytic reactions can be carried out Provides an economic assessment to understand the feasibility of some photocatalytic reactions

Heterogeneous Nanocomposite Photocatalysis for Water Purification

Heterogeneous Nanocomposite Photocatalysis for Water Purification Book
Author : Rajendra Pawar,Caroline Sunyong Lee
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2015-04-29
ISBN : 0323393136
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Heterogeneous Nanocomposite-Photocatalysis for Water Purification, the authors introduce various heterogeneous photocatalysts based on novel nanostructures of metal oxide semiconductors and graphene used for water purification, including TiO2, Fe2O3, SnO2, WO3 and g-C3N4, and outlines their advantages and drawbacks. The nanocomposite-photocatalysts ZnO and CdS are compared with reduced graphene oxide (rGO), a rapidly growing materials system. The authors describe how the photocatalytic activity of known nanomaterials can be improved by modifying the structural and optical properties (i.e., phase composition). Introductory portion of the book includes a brief survey of all different kinds of heterogeneous photocatalysts Discusses the possible photocatalysis mechanism occurring during the degradation of different toxic pollutants Provides the photoelectrochemical measurement for synthesized catalysts, supporting the effective transportation of photoelectrons resulting into better catalytic properties

Heterogeneous Photocatalysis

Heterogeneous Photocatalysis Book
Author : Juan Carlos Colmenares,Yi-Jun Xu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-24
ISBN : 3662487195
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book explains the principles and fundamentals of photocatalysis and highlights the current developments and future potential of the green-chemistry-oriented applications of various inorganic, organic, and hybrid photocatalysts. The book consists of eleven chapters, including the principles and fundamentals of heterogeneous photocatalysis; the mechanisms and dynamics of surface photocatalysis; research on TiO2-based composites with unique nanostructures; the latest developments and advances in exploiting photocatalyst alternatives to TiO2; and photocatalytic materials for applications other than the traditional degradation of pollutants, such as carbon dioxide reduction, water oxidation, a complete spectrum of selective organic transformations and water splitting by photocatalytic reduction. In addition, heterogeneized polyoxometalate materials for photocatalytic purposes and the proper design of photocatalytic reactors and modeling of light are also discussed. This book appeals to a wide readership of the academic and industrial researchers and it can also be used in the classroom for undergraduate and graduate students focusing on heterogeneous photocatalysis, sustainable chemistry, energy conversion and storage, nanotechnology, chemical engineering, environmental protection, optoelectronics, sensors, and surface and interface science. Juan Carlos Colmenares is a Professor at the Institute of Physical Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland. Yi-Jun Xu is a Professor at the State Key Laboratory of Photocatalysis on Energy and Environment, College of Chemistry, Fuzhou University, China.

Heterogeneous Photocatalysis

Heterogeneous Photocatalysis Book
Author : Jennifer Strunk
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-06-16
ISBN : 3527815260
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discover the latest research in photocatalysis combined with foundational topics in basic physical and chemical photocatalytic processes In Heterogeneous Photocatalysis: From Fundamentals to Applications in Energy Conversion and Depollution, distinguished researcher and editor Jennifer Strunk delivers a rigorous discussion of the two main topics in her field—energy conversion and depollution reactions. The book covers topics like water splitting, CO2 reduction, NOx abatement and harmful organics degradation. In addition to the latest research on these topics, the reference provides readers with fundamental information about elementary physical and chemical processes in photocatalysis that are extremely practical in this interdisciplinary field. It offers an excellent overview of modern heterogeneous photocatalysis and combines concepts from different viewpoints to allow researchers with backgrounds as varied as electrochemistry, material science, and semiconductor physics to begin developing solutions with photocatalysis. In addition to subjects like metal-free photocatalysts and photocarrier loss pathways in metal oxide absorber materials for photocatalysis explored with time-resolved spectroscopy, readers will also benefit from the inclusion of: Thorough introductions to kinetic and thermodynamic considerations for photocatalyst design and the logic, concepts, and methods of the design of reliable studies on photocatalysis Detailed explorations of in-situ spectroscopy for mechanistic studies in semiconductor photocatalysis and the principles and limitations of photoelectrochemical fuel generation Discussions of photocatalysis, including the heterogeneous catalysis perspective and insights into photocatalysis from computational chemistry Treatments of selected aspects of photoreactor engineering and defects in photocatalysis Perfect for photochemists, physical and catalytic chemists, electrochemists, and materials scientists, Heterogeneous Photocatalysis will also earn a place in the libraries of surface physicists and environmental chemists seeking up-to-date information about energy conversion and depollution reactions.

Heterogeneous Photocatalysis Using Inorganic Semiconductor Solids

Heterogeneous Photocatalysis Using Inorganic Semiconductor Solids Book
Author : Umar Ibrahim Gaya
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-08
ISBN : 9400777752
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book underscores the essential principles of photocatalysis and provides an update on its scientific foundations, research advances, and current opinions, and interpretations. It consists of an introduction to the concepts that form the backbone of photocatalysis, from the principles of solid-state chemistry and physics to the role of reactive oxidizing species. Having recognised the organic link with chemical kinetics, part of the book describes kinetic concepts as they apply to photocatalysis. The dependence of rate on the reaction conditions and parameters is detailed, the retrospective and prospective aspects of the mechanism of photocatalysis are highlighted, and the adsorption models, photocatalytic rate expressions, and kinetic disguises are examined. This book also discusses the structure, property, and activity relationship of prototypical semiconductor photocatalysts and reviews how to extend their spectral absorption to the visible region to enable the effective use of visible solar spectrum. Lastly, it presents strategies for deriving substantially improved photoactivity from semiconductor materials to support the latest applications and potential trends.

Heterogeneous Photocatalysis

Heterogeneous Photocatalysis Book
Author : Mario J. Muñoz-Batista,Alexander Navarrete Muñoz,Rafael Luque
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-01
ISBN : 3030494926
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The series Topics in Current Chemistry Collections presents critical reviews from the journal Topics in Current Chemistry organized in topical volumes. The scope of coverage is all areas of chemical science including the interfaces with related disciplines such as biology, medicine and materials science. The goal of each thematic volume is to give the non-specialist reader, whether in academia or industry, a comprehensive insight into an area where new research is emerging which is of interest to a larger scientific audience. Each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years are presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. The coverage is not intended to be an exhaustive summary of the field or include large quantities of data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the methodological thinking that will allow the non-specialist reader to understand the information presented. Contributions also offer an outlook on potential future developments in the field. The chapter "Mechanochemical Forces as a Synthetic Tool for Zero and One-Dimensional Titanium Oxide-Based Nano-photocatalysts" is available open access under a CC BY 4.0 License via link.springer.com.

Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Photocatalysis

Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Photocatalysis Book
Author : E. PELIZZETTI,Nick Serpone
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400946422
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ever since the oil crisis of 1973, researchers in various fields of chemistry have proposed various schemes to conserve energy, as well to convert the sun's abundant and limitless supply of energy to produce chemical fuels (e. g. , hydrogen from water, . •. ). The enthusiasm had no previous parallel in the mid-1970's. Unfortunately, despite the several good proposals, the results have proven - in retrospect - somewhat disappointing from an economic viable point of view. The reasons for the meagre results are manyfold not the least of which are the experimental difficulties encountered in storage systems. Moreover, the lack of a concerted, well orchestrated interdisciplinary approach has been significant. By contrast, the chemical advances made in the understanding of the processes involved in such schemes have been phenomenal. A recent book on this issue ( M. Gratzel, Energy Resources through Photochemistry and Catalysis, 1983) is witness to the various efforts and approaches taken by researchers. In the recent years, many more groups have joined in these efforts, and the number of papers in the lit~rature is staggering ! One of the motives for organizing this NATO Advanced Research Workshop stemmed from our view that it was time to take stock of the accomplishments and rather than propose new schemes, it was time to consider seriously avenues that are most promising.

Nanostructured Photocatalysts

Nanostructured Photocatalysts Book
Author : Rabah Boukherroub,Satishchandra B. OGALE,Neil Robertson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-06-06
ISBN : 012817837X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured Photocatalysts: From Materials to Applications in Solar Fuels and Environmental Remediation addresses the different properties of nanomaterials-based heterogeneous photocatalysis. Heterogeneous nanostructured photocatalysis represents an interesting and viable technique to address issues of climate change and global energy supply. Sustainable hydrogen (H2) fuel production from water via semiconductor photocatalysis, driven by solar energy, is regarded as a viable and sustainable solution to address increasing energy and environmental issues. Similarly, photocatalytic reduction of CO2 with water for the production of hydrocarbons could also be a viable solution. Sections cover band gap tuning, high surface area, the short diffusion path of carriers, and more. Introduces the utilization of nanostructured materials in heterogeneous photocatalysis for hydrogen fuel production via water splitting Explains preparation techniques for different nanomaterials and hybrid nanocomposites, enabling improved sunlight absorption efficiency and enhanced charge separation Assesses the challenges that need to be addressed before this technology can be practically implemented, particularly of identifying cost-effective nanophotocatalysts

Aquatic and Surface Photochemistry

Aquatic and Surface Photochemistry Book
Author : George R. Helz
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-01-10
ISBN : 135108674X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aquatic and Surface Photochemistry provides a broad overview of current research in the emerging field of environmental aquatic and surface photochemistry. Selected reviews and current research articles are blended to provide an in-depth treatment of various aspects of this research area. The first part of the text deals with photochemistry in the environment, covering recent research on the following topics: aquatic photochemistry of organic pollutants and agrochemicals, photochemical cycling of carbon and transition metals (especially iron), photochemical formation of reactive oxygen species in natural waters, photoreaction in cloud and rain droplets, and photoreactions on environmental surfaces (soil, ash, metal, oxide). The second part provides discussions and data on both heterogeneous photocatalytic and homogeneous processes, with topics ranging from applications to mechanistic studies. These chapters illustrate the wide diversity of pollutant classes that are degradable by photochemical techniques and the effects of various reaction conditions on the rates and efficiency of the techniques. Current kinetic studies are presented, which provide new information about the role of adsorption and the nature of the reactive oxidizing species that mediate these photoremediation processes.This book will interest civil, chemical, and environmental engineers, as well as chemists, soil scientists, geochemists, and atmospheric chemists.

Environmentally Benign Photocatalysts

Environmentally Benign Photocatalysts Book
Author : Masakazu Anpo,Prashant V. Kamat
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-11-11
ISBN : 0387484418
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past few decades, mankind has observed an unprecedented and remarkable growth in industry, resulting in a more prosperous lifestyle for peoples of many countries. In developing countries, however, explosive industrial growth is just now beginning to raise the living standards of the people. Most industries, especially in these developing countries, are still powered by the burning of fossil fuels; con- quently, a lack of clean energy resources has caused environmental pollution on an unprecedented large and global scale. Toxic wastes have been relentlessly released into the air and water leading to serious and devastating environmental and health problems while endangering the planet and life itself with the effects of global warming. To address these urgent environmental issues, new catalytic and photocatalytic processes as well as open-atmospheric systems are presently being developed that can operate at room temperature while being totally clean and ef?cient and thus environmentally harmonious. Essential to technologies harnessing the abundant solar energy that reaches the earth are the highly functional photocatalytic proce- es that can utilize not only UV light, but also visible light.

Heterogeneous Photocatalysis

Heterogeneous Photocatalysis Book
Author : Daniel T. Schwartz
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1985
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Heterogeneous Photocatalysis book written by Daniel T. Schwartz, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Visible Light Active Photocatalysis

Visible Light Active Photocatalysis Book
Author : Srabanti Ghosh
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-03-29
ISBN : 3527808159
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive and timely overview of this important and hot topic, with special emphasis placed on environmental applications and the potential for solar light harvesting. Following introductory chapters on environmental photocatalysis, water splitting, and applications in synthetic chemistry, further chapters focus on the synthesis and design of photocatalysts, solar energy conversion, and such environmental aspects as the removal of water pollutants, photocatalytic conversion of CO2. Besides metal oxide-based photocatalysts, the authors cover other relevant material classes including carbon-based nanomaterials and novel hybrid materials. Chapters on mechanistic aspects, computational modeling of photocatalysis and Challenges and perspectives of solar reactor design for industrial applications complete this unique survey of the subject. With its in-depth discussions ranging from a comprehensive understanding to the engineering of materials and applied devices, this is an invaluable resource for a range of disciplines.

Nanostructured Photocatalysts

Nanostructured Photocatalysts Book
Author : Van-Huy Nguyen,Dai-Viet N. Vo,Sonil Nanda
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-06-25
ISBN : 0128235969
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured Photocatalysts: From Fundamental to Practical Applications offers a good opportunity for academic, industrial researchers and engineers to gain insights on the fundamental principles and updated knowledge on the engineering aspects and various practical applications of photocatalysis. This book comprehensively and systematically reviews photocatalytic fundamental aspects, ranging from reaction mechanism, kinetic modeling, nanocatalyst synthesis and design, essential material characterization using advanced techniques, and novel reactor design and scale-up. Future perspectives, techno-economical evaluation and lifecycle assessment of photocatalytic processes are also provided. Finally, a wide range of practical, important and emerging photocatalytic applications, namely wastewater treatment, air pollution remediation, renewable and green energy generation, and vital chemical production are thoroughly covered, making this book useful and beneficial for engineers, scientists, academic researchers, undergraduates and postgraduates. Provides a fundamental understanding of photocatalysis Covers all aspects of recent developments in photocatalytic processes and photocatalytic materials Focuses on advanced photocatalytic applications and future research advancements on energy, environment, biomedical, and other specialty fields Contains contributions from leading international experts in photocatalysis Presents a valuable reference for academic and industrial researchers, scientists and engineers

Photocatalysis

Photocatalysis Book
Author : Jenny Schneider,Detlef Bahnemann,Jinhua Ye,Gianluca Li Puma,Dionysios D Dionysiou
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2016-03-17
ISBN : 1782622330
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Combining the basic concepts of photocatalysis with the synthesis of new catalysts, reactor and reaction engineering, this book provides a comprehensive resource on the topic. The book introduces the fundamental aspects of photocatalysis including the role of surface chemistry and understanding the chemistry of photocatalytic processes before exploring the theory and experimental studies of charge carrier dynamics. Specific chapters then cover new materials for the degradation of organics; water splitting and CO2 reduction; as well as reactor and reaction engineering. Researchers new to this discipline can learn the first principles, whilst experienced researchers can gain further information about aspects in photocatalysis beyond their area of expertise. Together with Photocatalysis: Applications, these volumes provide a complete overview to photocatalysis.

Water Pollution and Remediation Photocatalysis

Water Pollution and Remediation  Photocatalysis Book
Author : Inamuddin,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Eric Lichtfouse
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-29
ISBN : 303054723X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the context of climate change and fossil fuel pollution, solar energy appears as a cheap and sustainable fuel for many environmental applications, yet the efficiency of techniques has to be improved. This book reviews recent methods and applications of photocatalysis for the treatment of wastewater containing bacteria, heavy metals, organic pollutants, dyes and tannery effluents. Basics of water pollution, polluted river ecosystems and membranes are also detailed.

New Insights in Photocatalysis for Environmental Applications

New Insights in Photocatalysis for Environmental Applications Book
Author : Muhammad Bilal Tahir
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-10-04
ISBN : 9811921164
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download New Insights in Photocatalysis for Environmental Applications book written by Muhammad Bilal Tahir, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Photocatalytic Reaction Engineering

Photocatalytic Reaction Engineering Book
Author : Hugo de Lasa,Benito Serrano,Miguel Salaices
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-05-05
ISBN : 9780387234502
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heterogeneous photocatalysis is a novel technique for water purification. Publications on photocatalysis span a relatively recent period of not more than 25 years. This is a technique that, according to our extensive experience on the development of laboratory scale and pilot plant units, has great promise to eliminate water and air pollutants. Photocatalysis offers much more than competitive techniques where pollutants are transferred from phases; photocatalysis can achieve complete mineralization of pollutants leaving non-toxic species such as CO2 and H2O and can be exploited at close to room temperature and ambient pressure.

Photocatalysis Fundamental Processes and Applications

Photocatalysis  Fundamental Processes and Applications Book
Author : Mehrorang Ghaedi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-03-19
ISBN : 0128188073
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Photocatalysis: Fundamental Processes and Applications, Volume 32 in the Interface Science and Technology Series, discusses the fundamental aspects of photocatalysis and its process and applications to the decontamination of wastewater, hydrogen production via water splitting, and photo reduction of carbon dioxide to hydrocarbon. The book discusses the fundamental aspects of all applications together with their proper mechanisms, thus providing essential information for deep research in the area of clean environment and green energy production. Provides background on the fundamental and experimental processes of photocatalysis Covers photocatalysis and its impact on creating a clean environment and energy sources Applies photocatalysis to the decontamination of wastewater, hydrogen production via water splitting, and photo reduction of carbon dioxide to hydrocarbon Edited by a world-leading researcher in interface science

Photocatalytic Degradation of Dyes

Photocatalytic Degradation of Dyes Book
Author : Sushma Dave,Jayashankar Das,Maulin P. Shah
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-09
ISBN : 0128242027
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Photocatalytic Degradation of Dyes: Current Trends and Future Perspectives covers in detail current trends and future aspects on photocatalytic degradation of organic dyes using novel photocatalytic techniques such as metallic nanoparticles, heterogeneous and hybrid systems using visible light irradiation. It highlights the most recent scientific and technological achievements and importance of degradation of dyes in the textile effluent by simple environmental friendly approaches using eco-friendly catalysts. It is of assistance to everyone interested in bioremediation of effluents: professionals, consulting engineers, academicians, and research scholars as well. Describes the basic photocatalytic techniques and their application in wastewater treatment Covers the key reactive species accounting for the photodegradation of different dyes, providing helpful guidelines that could be applied to foster the development of efficient photodegradation systems Includes Description of a wide variety of catalysts and their application in degradation of dyes in the effluent of variable matrices (such as textile effluent, pharmaceutical industry effluent, food industry effluent) Presents the application of doped semiconductors in the degradation of dyes, hybrid systems and their importance in the dye degradation Describes the biological synthesis of metallic nanostructures and their use in dye degradation using visible range of light irradiation Discusses the mechanistic aspect of the dye degradation using photo catalysts