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Heterogeneity Of Function In Numerical Cognition

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Heterogeneity of Function in Numerical Cognition

Heterogeneity of Function in Numerical Cognition Book
Author : Avishai Henik,Wim Fias
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-05-17
ISBN : 0128115300
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heterogeneity of Function in Numerical Cognition presents the latest updates on ongoing research and discussions regarding numerical cognition. With great individual differences in the development or function of numerical cognition at neuroanatomical, neuropsychological, behavioral, and interactional levels, these issues are important for the achievement of a comprehensive understanding of numerical cognition, hence its brain basis, development, breakdown in brain-injured individuals, and failures to master mathematical skills. These functions are essential for the proper development of numerical cognition. Provides an innovative reference on the emerging field of numerical cognition and the branches that converge on this diverse cognitive domain Includes an overview of the multiple disciplines that comprise numerical cognition Focuses on factors that influence numerical cognition, such as language, executive attention, memory and spatial processing Features an innovative organization with each section providing a general overview, developmental research, and evidence from neurocognitive studies

Numerical Development From cognitive functions to neural underpinnings

Numerical Development   From cognitive functions to neural underpinnings Book
Author : Korbinian Moeller,Elise Klein,Klaus F Willmes - von Hinckeldey,Karin Kucian
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2015-02-24
ISBN : 2889194248
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Living at the beginning of the 21st century requires being numerate, because numerical abilities are not only essential for life prospects of individuals but also for economic interests of post-industrial knowledge societies. Thus, numerical development is at the core of both individual as well as societal interests. There is the notion that we are already born with a very basic ability to deal with small numerosities. Yet, this often called “number sense” seems to be very restricted, approximate, and driven by perceptual constraints. During our numerical development in formal (e.g., school) but also informal contexts (e.g., family, street) we acquire culturally developed abstract symbol systems to represent exact numerosities – in particular number words and Arabic digits – refining our numerical capabilities. In recent years, numerical development has gained increasing research interest documented in a growing number of behavioural, neuro-scientific, educational, cross-cultural, and neuropsychological studies addressing this issue. Additionally, our understanding of how numerical competencies develop has also benefitted considerably from the advent of different neuro-imaging techniques allowing for an evaluation of developmental changes in the human brain. In sum, we are now starting to put together a more and more coherent picture of how numerical competencies develop and how this development is associated with neural changes as well. In the end, this knowledge might also lead to a better understanding of the reasons for atypical numerical development which often has grieve consequences for those who suffer from developmental dyscalculia or mathematics learning disabilities. Therefore, this Research Topic deals with all aspects of numerical development: findings from behavioural performance to underlying neural substrates, from cross-sectional to longitudinal evaluations, from healthy to clinical populations. To this end, we included empirical contributions using different experimental methodologies, but also theoretical contributions, review articles, or opinion papers.

The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition

The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition Book
Author : Roi Cohen Kadosh,Ann Dowker
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2015-03-15
ISBN : 0199642346
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How do we understand numbers? Do animals and babies have numerical abilities? Why do some people fail to grasp numbers, and how we can improve numerical understanding? Numbers are vital to so many areas of life: in science, economics, sports, education, and many aspects of everyday life from infancy onwards. Numerical cognition is a vibrant area that brings together scientists from different and diverse research areas (e.g., neuropsychology, cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, comparative psychology, anthropology, education, and neuroscience) using different methodological approaches (e.g., behavioral studies of healthy children and adults and of patients; electrophysiology and brain imaging studies in humans; single-cell neurophysiology in non-human primates, habituation studies in human infants and animals, and computer modeling). While the study of numerical cognition had been relatively neglected for a long time, during the last decade there has been an explosion of studies and new findings. This has resulted in an enormous advance in our understanding of the neural and cognitive mechanisms of numerical cognition. In addition, there has recently been increasing interest and concern about pupils' mathematical achievement in many countries, resulting in attempts to use research to guide mathematics instruction in schools, and to develop interventions for children with mathematical difficulties. This handbook brings together the different research areas that make up the field of numerical cognition in one comprehensive and authoritative volume. The chapters provide a broad and extensive review that is written in an accessible form for scholars and students, as well as educationalists, clinicians, and policy makers. The book covers the most important aspects of research on numerical cognition from the areas of development psychology, cognitive psychology, neuropsychology and rehabilitation, learning disabilities, human and animal cognition and neuroscience, computational modeling, education and individual differences, and philosophy. Containing more than 60 chapters by leading specialists in their fields, the Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition is a state-of-the-art review of the current literature.

Abstract Mathematical Cognition

Abstract Mathematical Cognition Book
Author : Wolfgang Grodd,Philippe Chassy
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2016-08-09
ISBN : 2889198162
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite the importance of mathematics in our educational systems little is known about how abstract mathematical thinking emerges. Under the uniting thread of mathematical development, we hope to connect researchers from various backgrounds to provide an integrated view of abstract mathematical cognition. Much progress has been made in the last 20 years on how numeracy is acquired. Experimental psychology has brought to light the fact that numerical cognition stems from spatial cognition. The findings from neuroimaging and single cell recording experiments converge to show that numerical representations take place in the intraparietal sulcus. Further research has demonstrated that supplementary neural networks might be recruited to carry out subtasks; for example, the retrieval of arithmetic facts is done by the angular gyrus. Now that the neural networks in charge of basic mathematical cognition are identified, we can move onto the stage where we seek to understand how these basics skills are used to support the acquisition and use of abstract mathematical concepts.

The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition

The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition Book
Author : Roi Kadosh,Ann Dowker
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2015-07-30
ISBN : 0191036013
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How do we understand numbers? Do animals and babies have numerical abilities? Why do some people fail to grasp numbers, and how we can improve numerical understanding? Numbers are vital to so many areas of life: in science, economics, sports, education, and many aspects of everyday life from infancy onwards. Numerical cognition is a vibrant area that brings together scientists from different and diverse research areas (e.g., neuropsychology, cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, comparative psychology, anthropology, education, and neuroscience) using different methodological approaches (e.g., behavioral studies of healthy children and adults and of patients; electrophysiology and brain imaging studies in humans; single-cell neurophysiology in non-human primates, habituation studies in human infants and animals, and computer modeling). While the study of numerical cognition had been relatively neglected for a long time, during the last decade there has been an explosion of studies and new findings. This has resulted in an enormous advance in our understanding of the neural and cognitive mechanisms of numerical cognition. In addition, there has recently been increasing interest and concern about pupils' mathematical achievement in many countries, resulting in attempts to use research to guide mathematics instruction in schools, and to develop interventions for children with mathematical difficulties. This handbook brings together the different research areas that make up the field of numerical cognition in one comprehensive and authoritative volume. The chapters provide a broad and extensive review that is written in an accessible form for scholars and students, as well as educationalists, clinicians, and policy makers. The book covers the most important aspects of research on numerical cognition from the areas of development psychology, cognitive psychology, neuropsychology and rehabilitation, learning disabilities, human and animal cognition and neuroscience, computational modeling, education and individual differences, and philosophy. Containing more than 60 chapters by leading specialists in their fields, the Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition is a state-of-the-art review of the current literature.

Children s Logical and Mathematical Cognition

Children   s Logical and Mathematical Cognition Book
Author : C.J. Brainerd
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 146139466X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For some time now, the study of cognitive development has been far and away the most active discipline within developmental psychology. Although there would be much disagreement as to the exact proportion of papers published in developmen tal journals that could be considered cognitive, 50% seems like a conservative estimate. Hence, a series of scholarly books to be devoted to work in cognitive development is especially appropriate at this time. The Springer Series in Cognitive Development contains two basic types of books, namely, edited collections of original chapters by several authors, and original volumes written by one author or a small group of authors. The flagship for the Springer Series will be a serial publication of the "advances" type, carrying the subtitle Progress in Cognitive Development Research. Each volume in the Progress sequence will be strongly thematic, in that it will be limited to some well-defined domain of cognitive-developmental research (e. g. , logical and mathematical de velopment, semantic development). All Progress volumes will be edited collec tions. Editors of such collections, upon consultation with the Series Editor, may elect to have their books published either as contributions to the Progress sequence or as separate volumes. All books written by one author or a small group of authors will be published as separate volumes within the series. A fairly broad definition of cognitive development is being used in the selection of books for this series.

Cultural Neuroscience Cultural Influences on Brain Function

Cultural Neuroscience  Cultural Influences on Brain Function Book
Author : Juan Y. Chiao
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-11-25
ISBN : 0080952216
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents recent empirical advances using neuroscience techniques to investigate how culture influences neural processes underlying a wide range of human abilities, from perception and scene processing to memory and social cognition. It also highlights the theoretical and methodological issues with conducting cultural neuroscience research. Section I provides diverse theoretical perspectives on how culture and biology interact are represented. Sections II –VI is to demonstrate how cultural values, beliefs, practices and experience affect neural systems underlying a wide range of human behavior from perception and cognition to emotion, social cognition and decision-making. The final section presents arguments for integrating the study of culture and the human brain by providing an explicit articulation of how the study of culture can inform the study of the brain and vice versa.

Advances in Neuro Information Processing

Advances in Neuro Information Processing Book
Author : Mario Köppen,Nikola Kasabov,George Coghill
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-07-10
ISBN : 3642024890
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The two volumes contain the papers presented at the ICONIP 2008 conference of the Asia Paci?c Neural Network Assembly, held in Auckland, New Zealand, November 25–28, 2008. ICONIP 2008 attracted around 400 submissions, with approx. 260 pres- tations accepted, many of them invited. ICONIP 2008 covered a large scope of topics in the areas of: methods and techniques of arti?cial neural networks, n- rocomputers, brain modeling, neuroscience, bioinformatics, pattern recognition, intelligent information systems, quantum computation, and their numerous - plications in almost all areas of science, engineering, medicine, the environment, and business. One of the features of the conference was the list of 20 plenary and invited speakers, all internationally established scientists, presenting their recent work. Amongthem: ProfessorsShun-ichiAmari,RIKENBrainScience Institute;Shiro Usui, RIKEN Brain Science Institute, Japan; Andrzej Cichocki, RIKEN Brain Science Institute; Takeshi Yamakawa, Kyushu Institute of Technology; Kenji Doya, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology; Youki Kadobayashi, - tional Institute of Information and Communications Technology, Japan; Sung- Bae Cho, Yonsei University, Korea; Alessandro Villa, University of Grenoble, France; Danilo Mandic, Imperial College, UK; Richard Duro, Universidade da Coruna,Spain,AndreasKo ¨nig,TechnischeUniversit¨ atKaiserslautern,Germany; Yaochu Jin, Honda Research Institute Europe, Germany; Bogdan Gabrys, U- versityofBournemouth,UK;JunWang,ChineseUniversityofHongKong;Mike Paulin, Otago University, New Zealand; Mika Hirvensalo, University of Turku, Finland;LeiXu,ChineseUniversityofHongKongandBeijingUniversity,China; Wlodzislaw Duch, Nicholaus Copernicus University, Poland; Gary Marcus, New York University, USA.

Handbook of Pediatric Neuropsychology

Handbook of Pediatric Neuropsychology Book
Author : Andrew S. Davis, PhD,Rik Carl D'Amato
Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
Release : 2010-10-25
ISBN : 9780826157379
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

ìBy far, the most comprehensive and detailed coverage of pediatric neuropsychology available in a single book today, Davis provides coverage of basic principles of pediatric neuropsychology, but overall the work highlights applications to daily practice and special problems encountered by the pediatric neuropsychologist.î Cecil R. Reynolds, PhD Texas A&M University "The breadth and depth of this body of work is impressive. Chapters written by some of the best researchers and authors in the field of pediatric neuropsychology address every possible perspective on brain-behavior relationships culminating in an encyclopedic textÖ. This [book] reflects how far and wide pediatric neuropsychology has come in the past 20 years and the promise of how far it will go in the next." Elaine Fletcher-Janzen, EdD, NCSP, ABPdN The Chicago School of Professional Psychology "...it would be hard to imagine a clinical situation in pediatric neuropsychology in whichthis book would fail as a valuable resource."--Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology "I believe there is much to recommend this hefty volume. It is a solid reference that I can see appreciating as a resource as I update my training bibliography."--Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society This landmark reference covers all aspects of pediatric neuropsychology from a research-based perspective, while presenting an applied focus with practical suggestions and guidelines for clinical practice. Useful both as a training manual for graduate students and as a comprehensive reference for experienced practitioners, it is an essential resource for those dealing with a pediatric population. This handbook provides an extensive overview of the most common medical conditions that neuropsychologists encounter while dealing with pediatric populations. It also discusses school-based issues such as special education law, consulting with school staff, and reintegrating children back into mainstream schools. It contains over 100 well-respected authors who are leading researchers in their respective fields. Additionally, each of the 95 chapters includes an up-to-date review of available research, resulting in the most comprehensive text on pediatric neuropsychology available in a single volume. Key Features: Provides thorough information on understanding functional neuroanatomy and development, and on using functional neuroimaging Highlights clinical practice issues, such as legal and ethical decision-making, dealing with child abuse and neglect, and working with school staff Describes a variety of professional issues that neuropsychologists must confront during their daily practice, such as ethics, multiculturalism, child abuse, forensics, and psychopharmacology

The Neuropsychology of Psychopathology

The Neuropsychology of Psychopathology Book
Author : Chad A. Noggle, PhD, ABN,Raymond S. Dean, PhD, ABPP, ABN, ABPdN
Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
Release : 2012-11-26
ISBN : 082610701X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This clinical reference book presents state-of-the-science knowledge about the neurobiology and genetics of the major mental disorders and how this corresponds with their psychiatric features and neuropsychological traits. The text demonstrates how the application of neuropsychology to these disorders provides a more comprehensive foundation for greater accuracy in assessment, diagnosis, and treatment. The book focuses on the neuropathological and pathophysiological basis of the various symptoms, emphasizing the biological basis of each disorder. This approach stresses the importance of looking at the other functional impacts of these manifestations (for example, cognitive deficits secondary to depression). The text compares adult versus child presentation of psychiatric disorders and covers the major forms of psychopathology including ADHD; Learning Disabilities; Pervasive Developmental Disorders; Mood, Anxiety, Personality, and Schizophrenic Disorders; Cortical and Subcortical Dementias; and Delirium. The book is written for clinical professionals to increase diagnostic accuracy and intervention success and to provide a way to approach psychopathologies as disorders of the neurological system. Key Features: Provides state-of-the-science knowledge about the application of neuropsychological practice to the major forms of psychopathology Examines neurological and neuropsychological features of the major forms of psychopathology Demonstrates how the application of neurobiology and genetics to psychiatric disorders can increase accuracy of assessment, diagnosis, and treatment Considers adult versus child presentation of psychiatric disorders

Why is Math So Hard for Some Children

Why is Math So Hard for Some Children  Book
Author : Daniel B. Berch,Michèle M. M. Mazzocco
Publisher : Brookes Pub
Release : 2007
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This landmark resource gives educational decision–makers and researchers theoretical and practical insight into mathematical learning difficulties and disabilities, combining diverse perspectives from fields such as special education, developmental

Behavioral Aspects of Epilepsy

Behavioral Aspects of Epilepsy Book
Author : Gregory L. Holmes, MD,Steven C. Schachter,Dr. Dorothee GA Kasteleijn-Nolst Trenite, "MD,MPH"
Publisher : Demos Medical Publishing
Release : 2007-10-15
ISBN : 9781934559888
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of epilepsy and behavior has grown considerably in the past number of years, reflecting advances in the laboratory and clinic. Behavioral Aspects of Epilepsy: Principles and Practice is the definitive text on epilepsy behavioral issues, from basic science to clinical applications, for all neurologists, psychosocial specialists, and researchers in the fields of epilepsy, neuroscience, and psychology/psychiatry. Behavioral aspects of epilepsy include a patient's experiences during seizures, his or her reaction during and between seizures, the frequency of episodes and what can be determined from the number of seizures. With contributions by dozens of leading international experts, this is the only book to cover all aspects of this critical emerging science. Adult and pediatric patients, animal models, and epilepsy surgery and its effects are all covered in detail. Behavioral Aspects of Epilepsy is the only source for up-to-date information on a topic that has significant and growing interest in the medical community. This comprehensive, authoritative text has a bench to bedside, approach that covers: The mechanisms underlying epilepsy and behavior Neurophysiologic function Neuropsychiatric and behavioral disorders in patients with epilepsy The effects of treatments and surgery on behavior Pediatric and adolescent epilepsy Disorders associated with epilepsy that impact behavior And much more

From Molecules to Networks

From Molecules to Networks Book
Author : Ruth Heidelberger,M. Neal Waxham,John H. Byrne,James L. Roberts
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-01-27
ISBN : 9780080920832
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An understanding of the nervous system at virtually any level of analysis requires an understanding of its basic building block, the neuron. From Molecules to Networks provides the solid foundation of the morphologic, biochemical, and biophysical properties of nerve cells. All chapters have been thoroughly revised for this second edition to reflect the significant advances of the past 5 years. The new edition expands on the network aspects of cellular neurobiology by adding a new chapter, Information Processing in Neural Networks, and on the relation of cell biological processes to various neurological diseases. The new concluding chapter illustrates how the great strides in understanding the biochemical and biophysical properties of nerve cells have led to fundamental insights into important aspects of neurodegenerative disease. • Written and edited by leading experts in the field, the second edition completely and comprehensively updates all chapters of this unique textbook • Discusses emerging new understanding of non-classical molecules that affect neuronal signaling • Full colour, professional graphics throughout • Includes two new chapters: Information Processing in Neural Networks - describes the principles of operation of neural networks and the key circuit motifs that are common to many networks in the nervous system. Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Neurodegenerative Disease - introduces the progress made in the last 20 years in elucidating the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying brain disorders, including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), Parkinson disease, and Alzheimer’s disease.

Understanding the Cognition Related to Mathematics Difficulties A Meta Analysis on the Cognitive Deficit Profiles and the Bottleneck Theory

Understanding the Cognition Related to Mathematics Difficulties  A Meta Analysis on the Cognitive Deficit Profiles and the Bottleneck Theory Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release :
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The current study investigated the cognitive deficit profiles among individuals with mathematics difficulties (MD) and potential moderators and mechanism for these profiles. Seventy-five cognitive profiling studies on MD were included, representing a total of 13,001 individuals and 126 independent samples. Results showed that compared with typically developing individuals, individuals with MD showed deficits (from most severe to less severe) in phonological processing, processing speed, working memory, attention, short-term memory, executive functions, and visuospatial skills. Moderation analyses indicated that comorbidity (with reading disabilities) and types of MD screening affected the cognitive deficits. Severity of MD was related to processing speed deficits. Deficits in phonological processing and attention were more severe in younger individuals with MD. Deficits in processing speed and working memory were most severe in the numerical domain. Deficits in low-level cognitive skills (i.e., processing speed and short-term memory) could not completely explain the deficits in high-level skills (i.e., working memory, attention, and executive functions), partially supporting the bottleneck theory. These findings, taken together, suggest that (a) deficits in processing speed and working memory are most salient and stable cognitive markers of MD, (b) numerical-processing deficit and the cognitive deficits of MD are relatively independent from each other, and (c) MD may be a discrete construct with heterogeneity reflected by MD subtypes and age. Implications for incorporating cognition in the diagnosis and the interventions for MD are discussed.