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Heterogeneity Of Function In Numerical Cognition

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Heterogeneity of Function in Numerical Cognition

Heterogeneity of Function in Numerical Cognition Book
Author : Avishai Henik,Wim Fias
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-05-17
ISBN : 0128115300
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heterogeneity of Function in Numerical Cognition presents the latest updates on ongoing research and discussions regarding numerical cognition. With great individual differences in the development or function of numerical cognition at neuroanatomical, neuropsychological, behavioral, and interactional levels, these issues are important for the achievement of a comprehensive understanding of numerical cognition, hence its brain basis, development, breakdown in brain-injured individuals, and failures to master mathematical skills. These functions are essential for the proper development of numerical cognition. Provides an innovative reference on the emerging field of numerical cognition and the branches that converge on this diverse cognitive domain Includes an overview of the multiple disciplines that comprise numerical cognition Focuses on factors that influence numerical cognition, such as language, executive attention, memory and spatial processing Features an innovative organization with each section providing a general overview, developmental research, and evidence from neurocognitive studies

Heterogeneous Contributions to Numerical Cognition

Heterogeneous Contributions to Numerical Cognition Book
Author : Wim Fias,Avishai Henik
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-05-28
ISBN : 0128174153
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Arithmetic disability stems from deficits in neurodevelopment, with great individual differences in development or function of an individual at neuroanatomical, neuropsychological, behavioral, and interactional levels. Heterogeneous Contributions to Numerical Cognition: Learning and Education in Mathematical Cognition examines research in mathematical education methods and their neurodevelopmental basis, focusing on the underlying neurodevelopmental features that must be taken into account when teaching and learning mathematics. Cognitive domains and functions such as executive functions, memory, attention, and language contribute to numerical cognition and are essential for its proper development. These lines of research and thinking in neuroscience are discussed in this book to further the understanding of the neurodevelopmental and cognitive basis of more complex forms of mathematics – and how to best teach them. By unravelling the basic building blocks of numerical thinking and the developmental basis of human capacity for arithmetic, this book and the discussions within are important for the achievement of a comprehensive understanding of numerical cognition, its brain basis, development, breakdown in brain-injured individuals, and failures to master mathematical skills. A novel innovative reference on the emerging field of numerical cognition and neurodevelopment underlying mathematical education Includes an overview of the multiple disciplines that comprise numerical cognition written by world-leading researchers in the numerical cognition and neurodevelopment fields Features an innovative organization with each section providing a general overview, developmental research, neurocognitive mechanisms, and discussion about relevant studies

Heterogeneity of Function in Numerical Cognition

Heterogeneity of Function in Numerical Cognition Book
Author : Avishai Henik,Wim Fias
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-05-19
ISBN : 9780128115299
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heterogeneity of Function in Numerical Cognition presents the latest updates on ongoing research and discussions regarding numerical cognition. With great individual differences in the development or function of numerical cognition at neuroanatomical, neuropsychological, behavioral, and interactional levels, these issues are important for the achievement of a comprehensive understanding of numerical cognition, hence its brain basis, development, breakdown in brain-injured individuals, and failures to master mathematical skills. These functions are essential for the proper development of numerical cognition. Provides an innovative reference on the emerging field of numerical cognition and the branches that converge on this diverse cognitive domain Includes an overview of the multiple disciplines that comprise numerical cognition Focuses on factors that influence numerical cognition, such as language, executive attention, memory and spatial processing Features an innovative organization with each section providing a general overview, developmental research, and evidence from neurocognitive studies

Numerical Cognition

Numerical Cognition Book
Author : Andre Knops
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-12-19
ISBN : 1000766454
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Numerical Cognition: The Basics provides an understanding of the neural and cognitive mechanisms that enable us to perceive, process, and memorize numerical information. Starting from basic numerical competencies that humans share with other species, the book explores the mental coding of numbers and their neural representation. It explains the strategies of mental calculation, their pitfalls and their development, as well as the developmental steps children make while learning about numbers. The book gradually builds our understanding of the underlying mental processes of numeracy and concludes with an insightful examination of the diagnosis, etiology and treatment of dyscalculia. Written in an accessible manner, the book summarizes and critically evaluates the major psychological explanations for various empirical phenomena in numerical cognition. Containing a wealth of student-friendly features including end of chapter summaries, informative figures, further reading lists, and links to relevant websites, Numerical Cognition: The Basics is an essential starting point for anybody new to the field.

Handbook of Cognitive Mathematics

Handbook of Cognitive Mathematics Book
Author : Marcel Danesi
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-12-02
ISBN : 3031039459
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cognitive mathematics provides insights into how mathematics works inside the brain and how it is interconnected with other faculties through so-called blending and other associative processes. This handbook is the first large collection of various aspects of cognitive mathematics to be amassed into a single title, covering decades of connection between mathematics and other figurative processes as they manifest themselves in language, art, and even algorithms. It will be of use to anyone working in math cognition and education, with each section of the handbook edited by an international leader in that field.

Approximate Number System and Mathematics

Approximate Number System and Mathematics Book
Author : Jingguang Li,Xinlin Zhou,Marcus Lindskog
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-11-25
ISBN : 2889632083
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Humans process quantity information without the aid of language or symbols to guide a variety of everyday life decisions. The cognitive system that supports this intuitive skill is often referred to as the approximate number system (ANS). It has been argued that the ANS serves as the foundation of the formal symbolic number system—mathematics. Abundant empirical evidence is supportive of this view: acuity of the ANS is positively correlated with symbolic math performance, training of the ANS may cause improvements in symbolic math performance, and the ANS and symbolic number processing may share a common neural underpinning. However, recently several theories and empirical data cast doubt on the role of the ANS in symbolic math processing. This e-book aims to advance our understanding of the underlying mechanisms of the overlap between the ANS and mathematics.

Visualizing Mathematics

Visualizing Mathematics Book
Author : Kelly S. Mix,Michael T. Battista
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-07
ISBN : 3319987674
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique volume surveys recent research on spatial visualization in mathematics in the fields of cognitive psychology and mathematics education. The general topic of spatial skill and mathematics has a long research tradition, but has been gaining attention in recent years, although much of this research happens in disconnected subfields. This volume aims to promote interaction between researchers, not only to provide a more comprehensive view of spatial visualization and mathematics, but also to stimulate innovative new directions in research based on a more coordinated effort. It features ten chapters authored by leading researchers in cognitive psychology and mathematics education, as well as includes dynamic commentaries by mathematics education researchers on cognitive psychology chapters, and by cognitive psychologists on mathematics education chapters. Among the topics included: From intuitive spatial measurement to understanding of units. Spatial reasoning: a critical problem-solving tool in children’s mathematics strategy tool-kit. What processes underlie the relation between spatial skill and mathematics? Learning with and from drawing in early years geometry. Communication of visual information and complexity of reasoning by mathematically talented students. Visualizing Mathematics makes substantial progress in understanding the role of spatial reasoning in mathematical thought and in connecting various subfields of research. It promises to make an impact among psychologists, education scholars, and mathematics educators in the convergence of psychology and education.

Diversity Dimensions in Mathematics and Language Learning

Diversity Dimensions in Mathematics and Language Learning Book
Author : Annemarie Fritz,Erkan Gürsoy,Moritz Herzog
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2021-06-08
ISBN : 3110662760
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wie hängen sprachliche und mathematische Entwicklung zusammen? Dieser Frage wird derzeit mit großem Interesse aus unterschiedlichen Perspektiven nachgegangen. Dieser Sammelband vereint Erkenntnisse aus Psychologie, Neurowissenschaften, Mathematikdidaktik, (Psycho-)Linguistik und Mehrsprachigkeitsforschung. Der interdisziplinäre Ansatz bietet einen umfassenden Blick auf den aktuellen Forschungsstand, dargestellt von national und international renommierten Forschenden. Das Buch gliedert sich in drei Teile. Der erste Teil „Modelle und Theorien“ fasst theoretische Überlegungen zusammen und stellt Strukturen für Forschung und Praxis bereit. Dieser Teil dient dazu, den Grundstein für die anderen Teile sowie für zukünftige Forschung zu legen. Der zweite Teil „Kindergartenalter“ sowie der dritte Teil „Grundschulalter“ decken empirische Befunde über die Korrelation zwischen Sprache und mathematischem Lernen in der jeweiligen Altersgruppe ab. Ein besonderer Fokus liegt hierbei auf dem Aspekt der Mehrsprachigkeit. Damit bietet dieser Sammelband eine große Bandbreite fachspezifischen Wissens für Bildungswissenschaftler*innen, Lehramtsstudierende, Psycholog*innen und Forschende zur Mehrsprachigkeit.

Handbook of Research on Innovative Approaches to Early Childhood Development and School Readiness

Handbook of Research on Innovative Approaches to Early Childhood Development and School Readiness Book
Author : Betts, Anastasia Lynn,Thai, Khanh-Phuong
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2022-02-11
ISBN : 1799886514
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

School readiness is as much about schools recognizing the existing capabilities and knowledge each child has when they enter school as it is about supporting children and families in their preparation for entering formal learning environments. Effective approaches that address learning variability must take these differences into account, recognizing and leveraging opportunities inherent in the child’s ecosystem of resources. The Handbook of Research on Innovative Approaches to Early Childhood Development and School Readiness assembles the most current research and thought-leadership on the ways in which innovative education stakeholders are working together to impact the most critical years in a child’s life—the years leading up to and including kindergarten. Covering topics such as change agency, experience quality, and social-emotional development, this book is a crucial resource for educational researchers, child development professionals, school administrators, pre-K teachers, pre-service teachers, program managers, policymakers, non-profit service organizations, early childhood EdTech developers, curriculum developers, and academicians.

The Cambridge Handbook of Dyslexia and Dyscalculia

The Cambridge Handbook of Dyslexia and Dyscalculia Book
Author : Michael A. Skeide
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2022-07-31
ISBN : 1108968325
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this handbook, the world's leading researchers answer fundamental questions about dyslexia and dyscalculia based on authoritative reviews of the scientific literature. It provides an overview from the basic science foundations to best practice in schooling and educational policy, covering research topics ranging from genes, environments, and cognition to prevention, intervention and educational practice. With clear explanations of scientific concepts, research methods, statistical models and technical terms within a cross-cultural perspective, this book will be a go-to reference for researchers, instructors, students, policymakers, educators, teachers, therapists, psychologists, physicians and those affected by learning difficulties.

Educational Research and Innovation AI and the Future of Skills Volume 1 Capabilities and Assessments

Educational Research and Innovation AI and the Future of Skills  Volume 1 Capabilities and Assessments Book
Author : OECD
Publisher : OECD Publishing
Release : 2021-11-18
ISBN : 926484306X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics are major breakthrough technologies that are transforming the economy and society. The OECD’s Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Skills (AIFS) project is developing a programme to assess the capabilities of AI and robotics, and their impact on education and work.

Educational Neuroscience

Educational Neuroscience Book
Author : Michael S. C. Thomas,Denis Mareschal,Iroise Dumontheil
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-04-14
ISBN : 1000040798
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of educational neuroscience uses new insights about the neural mechanisms of learning to improve educational practices and outcomes. The first volume to bring together the latest knowledge on the development of educational neuroscience from a life-span perspective, this important text offers state of the art, authoritative research findings in educational neuroscience before providing evidence-based recommendations for classroom practice. Thomas, Mareschal, Dumontheil, and the team of expert international contributors assembled in this volume thoroughly explore four main themes throughout the book. The first theme is individual differences, or what makes children perform better or worse in the classroom. The second theme is the nature of individual differences at different stages in development, from early years into adulthood. The third theme addresses cognitive enhancement, summarizing research that has investigated activities that might give general benefits to cognition. And the fourth theme considers the translation of research findings into classroom practices, discussing broader ethical issues raised by educational neuroscience, and what teachers need to know about neuroscience to enhance their day-to-day practice. Specific topics explored include neuropsychological perspectives on socioeconomic disparities in educational achievement, reading difficulties, phonological skills, executive function, and emotional development. Educational Neuroscience is essential reading for researchers and graduate students of educational psychology, developmental science, developmental psychology, and cognitive psychology, especially those specializing in emotion regulation.

International Handbook of Mathematical Learning Difficulties

International Handbook of Mathematical Learning Difficulties Book
Author : Annemarie Fritz,Vitor Geraldi Haase,Pekka Räsänen
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-30
ISBN : 3319971484
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive volume provides teachers, researchers and education professionals with cutting edge knowledge developed in the last decades by the educational, behavioural and neurosciences, integrating cognitive, developmental and socioeconomic approaches to deal with the problems children face in learning mathematics. The neurocognitive mechanisms and the cognitive processes underlying acquisition of arithmetic abilities and their significance for education have been the subject of intense research in the last few decades, but the most part of this research has been conducted in non-applied settings and there’s still a deep discrepancy between the level of scientific knowledge and its implementation into actual educational settings. Now it’s time to bring the results from the laboratory to the classroom. Apart from bringing the theoretical discussions to educational settings, the volume presents a wide range of methods for early detection of children with risks in mathematics learning and strategies to develop effective interventions based on innovative cognitive test instruments. It also provides insights to translate research knowledge into public policies in order to address socioeconomic issues. And it does so from an international perspective, dedicating a whole section to the cultural diversity of mathematics learning difficulties in different parts of the world. All of this makes the International Handbook of Mathematical Learning Difficulties an essential tool for those involved in the daily struggle to prepare the future generations to succeed in the global knowledge society.

Neuro Systemic Applications in Learning

Neuro Systemic Applications in Learning Book
Author : Kennedy Andrew Thomas,Joseph Varghese Kureethara,Siddhartha Bhattacharyya
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-01
ISBN : 303072400X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuroscience research deals with the physiology, biochemistry, anatomy and molecular biology of neurons and neural circuits and especially their association with behavior and learning. Of late, neuroscience research is playing a pivotal role in industry, science writing, government program management, science advocacy, and education. In the process of learning as experiencing knowledge, the human brain plays a vital role as the central governing system to map the images of learning in the human brain which may be called educational neuroscience. It provides means to develop a common language and bridge the gulf between educators, psychologists and neuroscientists. The emerging field of educational neuroscience presents opportunities as well as challenges for education, especially when it comes to assess the learning disorders and learning intentions of the students. The most effective learning involves recruiting multiple regions of the brain for the learning task. These regions are associated with such functions as memory, the various senses, volitional control, and higher levels of cognitive functioning. By considering biological factors, research has advanced the understanding of specific learning difficulties, such as dyslexia and dyscalculia. Likewise, neuroscience is uncovering why certain types of learning are more rewarding than others. Of late, a lot of research has gone in the field of neural networks and deep learning. It is worthwhile to consider these research areas in investigating the interplay between the human brain and human formal/natural learning. This book is intended to bring together the recent advances in neuroscience research and their influence on the evolving learning systems with special emphasis on the evolution of a learner-centric framework in outcome based education by taking into cognizance the learning abilities and intentions of the learners.

The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition

The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition Book
Author : Roi Kadosh,Ann Dowker
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2015-07-30
ISBN : 0191036005
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How do we understand numbers? Do animals and babies have numerical abilities? Why do some people fail to grasp numbers, and how we can improve numerical understanding? Numbers are vital to so many areas of life: in science, economics, sports, education, and many aspects of everyday life from infancy onwards. Numerical cognition is a vibrant area that brings together scientists from different and diverse research areas (e.g., neuropsychology, cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, comparative psychology, anthropology, education, and neuroscience) using different methodological approaches (e.g., behavioral studies of healthy children and adults and of patients; electrophysiology and brain imaging studies in humans; single-cell neurophysiology in non-human primates, habituation studies in human infants and animals, and computer modeling). While the study of numerical cognition had been relatively neglected for a long time, during the last decade there has been an explosion of studies and new findings. This has resulted in an enormous advance in our understanding of the neural and cognitive mechanisms of numerical cognition. In addition, there has recently been increasing interest and concern about pupils' mathematical achievement in many countries, resulting in attempts to use research to guide mathematics instruction in schools, and to develop interventions for children with mathematical difficulties. This handbook brings together the different research areas that make up the field of numerical cognition in one comprehensive and authoritative volume. The chapters provide a broad and extensive review that is written in an accessible form for scholars and students, as well as educationalists, clinicians, and policy makers. The book covers the most important aspects of research on numerical cognition from the areas of development psychology, cognitive psychology, neuropsychology and rehabilitation, learning disabilities, human and animal cognition and neuroscience, computational modeling, education and individual differences, and philosophy. Containing more than 60 chapters by leading specialists in their fields, the Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition is a state-of-the-art review of the current literature.

The Hippocampus Book

The Hippocampus Book Book
Author : Per Andersen,Department of Physiology Institute of Basic Medical Sciences Per Andersen,Richard Morris,David Amaral,Professor Department of Psychiatry David Amaral,John O'Keefe,Tim Bliss,Professor Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience John O'Keefe,Division of Neurophysiology Tim Bliss
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9780195100273
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The hippocampus is one of a group of remarkable structures embedded within the brains medial temporal lobe. Long known to be important for memory, it has been a prime focus of neuroscience research for many years. This volume offers an account of what the hippocampus does, and what happens when things go wrong.--[Source inconnue].

Neuronal Dynamics

Neuronal Dynamics Book
Author : Wulfram Gerstner,Werner M. Kistler,Richard Naud,Liam Paninski
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-07-24
ISBN : 1107060834
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This solid introduction uses the principles of physics and the tools of mathematics to approach fundamental questions of neuroscience.

Essentials of Landscape Ecology

Essentials of Landscape Ecology Book
Author : Kimberly A. With
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2019-07-01
ISBN : 0192575368
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human activity during the Anthropocene has transformed landscapes worldwide on a scale that rivals or exceeds even the largest of natural forces. Landscape ecology has emerged as a science to investigate the interactions between natural and anthropogenic landscapes and ecological processes across a wide range of scales and systems: from the effects of habitat or resource distributions on the individual movements, gene flow, and population dynamics of plants and animals; to the human alteration of landscapes affecting the structure of biological communities and the functioning of entire ecosystems; to the sustainable management of natural resources and the ecosystem goods and services upon which society depends. This novel and comprehensive text presents the principles, theory, methods, and applications of landscape ecology in an engaging and accessible format that is supplemented by numerous examples and case studies from a variety of systems, including freshwater and marine "scapes".

Distinctiveness and Memory

Distinctiveness and Memory Book
Author : R. Reed Hunt,James B. Worthen,Professor of Psychology James B Worthen
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2006-04-06
ISBN : 0195169662
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume on distinctiveness and memory includes sections on basic theory and behavioral research on distinctiveness, research and theory on bizzareness effects, distinctiveness effects implicit memory, the development of distinctiveness across the life-span, and the neuroscience of distinctiveness and memory.

Developmental Dyscalculia

Developmental Dyscalculia Book
Author : Jörg-Tobias Kuhn
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015-07-20
ISBN : 9780889374751
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume aims to further our understanding of developmental dyscalculia and measures that might help to redress it. In addition to recent research findings highlighting the importance of working memory facets in developmental dyscalculia and investigating the IQ-achievement discrepancy criterion in defining the disorder, a meta-analysis on the effectiveness of interventions for children with mathematical difficulties provides new directions for how affected children can best be helped.